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Chapter 5 emphasizes that the double standard applied today to non-western migrant populations—according to which men are the “dangerous Other” while women are the “victims to be rescued”—follows a political economic logic. Analyzing the strategic role of non-western migrant women (Muslim and non-Muslim alike) in the care and domestic sector, in the context of the state’s retreat from public care provisions, aging populations, and growing participation of western European women in the labor market, it shows that the cheap labor of migrant women has become essential for the reproduction of western European societies and economies. This testifies to a fundamental difference between male and female migrant labor in contemporary western European societies: unlike their male counterparts, immigrant women now belong to what can be called a “regular army of labor.” This category enables us to lay bare the economic rationale behind the representation of Muslim and non-western migrant women as “redeemable subjects.”

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