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By documenting unchanging facts such as date of birth, place of birth, parents, and sex, a birth certificate establishes a permanent link between an individual's identity and their body. As a permanent biometric measure, sex classification stands alone: a visual inspection of an individual's person cannot provide the truth of their current name or date of birth or their country of origin. But an "F" on an identity document can be verified, it is assumed, with a quick external examination of the body. This essay examines New York City policymakers' responses to the requests for reclassification between 1965 and 2006....

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