Aesthetic Revolutions and Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Movements
Aleš Erjavec is Research Professor in the Institute of Philosophy of the Scientific Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. He is the author of Postmodernism, Postsocialism and Beyond, and the editor of Postmodernism and the Postsocialist Condition: Politicized Art under Late Socialism.
An overarching thesis of this chapter is that both in Mexico to a certain degree and in Nicaragua to a far more comprehensive extent beginning in the late 1970s and extending up to 1990, aesthetic avant-gardes were central to the revolutionary process. The chapter presents and discusses the Mexican mural movement (Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros) and points out connections with European avant-gardes. The chapter follows the mural movement’s increasingly original developments in Mexico and then concentrates on the more recent Nicaraguan public mural paintings. It shows how revolutions in Mexico and Nicaragua reveal with varying degrees...