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This chapter looks at the work of Friedrich Nietzsche and the way he lures his readers with promises of salvation only to dash those hopes. The purpose of this maneuver, I argue, is to bring out our deepest hope for salvation (a hope that for Nietzsche is a form of self-hatred and nihilism) and then show that there is not going to be a rescue, leaving the reader bereft and on her own. He engineers prophets and messiahs (Zarathustra and the overman, respectively) who arrive and refuse to save us, thus ruining messianism itself as a site for our possible salvation. This action, I suggest, highlights the way we are all misinterpellated subjects; we are never the person we want to be, the one who is intended by the call for subjectivity but we are the ones who show up anyway. I also look at the way that for Nietzsche the subjects that we are (as opposed to who we want to be) are not a unitary cohesive agent, like the false subject that interpellation calls for. Instead we are multiple and anarchic subjects, with many overlapping and exogenous sources. In this way, I argue that Nietzsche offers anarchism a way to anarchize the individual down to the level of her psyche.

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