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This chapter focuses on Bergson’s Time and Free Will and shows the centrality of inner experience for philosophy. Jankélévitch argues that to avoid a splitting of the mind (and the philosophical pseudo-problems this engenders), philosophers must assume the place of the actor and not that of the spectator. For Bergson, freedom is an expression of the whole person, a certain tonality of decision, and a powerful and intimate sympathy. It emerges from the total past and expresses a necessity higher than that of determinism, the determination of the I by the I.

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