Introduction: Not Belonging
This chapter previews the book’s main arguments, situating them in relation to transgender and queer studies as well as critical cultural studies of law. It also provides a historical overview of cross-dressing laws in the United States, documenting their frequent passage in mid-nineteenth-century cities and their continued enforcement in queer and transgender communities one hundred years later. The introduction describes the theoretical significance of studying cross-dressing laws and introduces problem bodies and trans-ing analysis as two of the book’s conceptual contributions. It describes the book’s archival foundations and introduces several of the historical characters who populate the rest of the work.
Ex Parte Delaney, 43 Cal. 478 (1872).
Ho Ah Kow v. Matthew Nunan, 12 F. Cas. 252 (1879).
In the Matter of Mary Maguire, 57 California Reports (January 1881), 604–12.
People v. Hall, 4 Cal. 399 (1854).
Alta (also published as Daily Alta California)
Bulletin (also published as Daily Evening Bulletin and San Francisco Bulletin)
California Police Gazette
The Call (also published as San Francisco Morning Call)
Los Angeles Times
New York Times
San Francisco Chronicle (also published as Dramatic Chronicle)
San Francisco Examiner
Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
Burke, Martin J. The San Francisco Police. Unpublished manuscript, 1887.
Henry H. Ellis Papers
Jesse Brown Cook Scrapbooks Documenting San Francisco History and Law Enforcement
Lees Family Papers, 1851–1948
Robert B. Honeyman Jr. Collection of Early Californian and Western American Pictorial Material
San Francisco Chinese Community and Earthquake Damage Collection
California Historical Society, San Francisco Edward Byram Scrapbooks
California State Archive Stockton State Hospital Commitment Registers
Stockton State Hospital Register of Deaths
California State Library
Criminal Photographs: Photograph Album, 1875–1915
Department of Corrections San Quentin Prison, Inmate Photographs
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Historical Society of California, San Francisco
Allan Bérubé Papers
Louis Graydon Sullivan Papers, 1755–1991
Huntington Library, San Marino, California
Depositions concerning the charges made before the People’s Nominating Committee by Samuel Cowles against Martin J. Burke, Chief of Police, San Francisco, 1864
Leonard Noyes Scrapbook of Clippings about Crime and Criminals, 1876–80
Records of the San Francisco Committee of Vigilance, 1856
Library of Congress American Memory National Digital Archive
“California As I Saw It”: First Person Narratives of California’s Early Years, 1849–1900
The Chinese in California, 1850–1925
Historic American Sheet Music Collection, 1850–1920
San Francisco History Center, San Francisco, California
Criminal Descriptions File, 1890–1902
Police Criminal Photos, 1897–98
San Francisco Board of Supervisors Folder