A Wound That Won’t Heal: Political Violence, Displacement, and Loss, 1980–2000
2016. "A Wound That Won’t Heal: Political Violence, Displacement, and Loss, 1980–2000", Now Peru Is Mine: The Life and Times of a Campesino Activist, Manuel Llamojha Mitma, Jaymie Patricia Heilman
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Chapter 6 considers the impact of the 1980–2000 Shining Path war on Llamojha’s political and personal life. His adversaries were quick to accuse him of membership in the Shining Path, and Llamojha was forced to flee his Ayacucho home in 1981 and live as an internal refugee in Lima until 2000. The violence of the 1980s also resulted in the permanent disappearance of his son Herbert, after Herbert was imprisoned because of his participation in the Shining Path’s armed attack on the Ayrabamba hacienda. Two of Llamojha’s other children were imprisoned because of their father’s activism, and one narrowly escaped death in the 1986 El Frontón prison massacre. This chapter discusses the traumas of political violence and disappearance, the poverty endured by displaced persons, and a troubling case of familial betrayal. It also offers reflections on the dictatorial rule of President Alberto Fujimori.