Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.

Manuscript and Photograph Collections

Periodicals and Publications Consulted

Oral Histories and Interviews

Web Sites

Books, Articles, Other Texts, and Films

This content is only available as PDF.
The bibliography is divided into five sections: Manuscript and Photograph Collections; Periodicals and Publications Consulted; Oral Histories and Interviews; Web Sites; and Books, Articles, Other Texts, and Films.
This content is only available as PDF.
American League for Peace and Democracy Collected Records Swarthmore College Peace Collection
,
McCabe Library
,
Swarthmore, Pa
.
American West Indian Ladies Aid Society Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
,
New York Public Library
.
Bailey-Thurman Family Papers
.
Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University , Atlanta
.
Baker
,
Ella J
.,
Papers
.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Bass
,
Charlotta
, miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Beal, Frances, Papers.
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington
.
Bethune
,
Mary McCleod
,
Papers, Parts 1–3 (microfilm
)(
Bethesda, Md.
:
University Publications of America, ca
.
1996
).
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana
.
Birmingham World
Office Files.
Department of Archives, Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Black Power Movement, The. Part 3, Papers of the Revolutionary Action Movement
,
1962
–1996
(microfilm
)(
Bethesda, Md.
:
LexisNexis
,
2002
).University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana.
Browder, Earl, Papers
.Library of Congress Manuscript Division,Washington.
Brown
,
Egbert Ethelred
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,New York Public Library.
Burnham
,
Dorothy
,
Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
Burnham
,
Louis E
.,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Burroughs
,
Williana
,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Campbell
,
Grace P
.,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Casimir
,
J. R
.,
Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Childress
,
Alice
,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Civil Rights Congress Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
,New York Public Library.
Communism Collection. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass
.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:
Biographical Files on Communist Activists and Leaders
.
Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library
,New York University.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:James W. Ford Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:
Mass Leaders and Organizations Subject Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Congregational Education Society Records
,
1816
1956
.Congregational Library,Boston.
Connor
,
Eugene
Bull,” Papers. Department of Archives
,Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Cooper
,
Esther I
.,
Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center
,
Howard University
,
Washington
.
Crawford
, Matt
N
., and
Evelyn
Graves
,Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University,Atlanta.
Daily Worker/Daily World
Photographs Collection. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Davis
,
Angela
,
Legal Defense Collection,
1970
–1972.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Davis
,
Benjamin J
.,Jr., Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Draper
,
Theodore
,Papers. Hoover Institute on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University.
Dreiser
,
Theodore
,Papers. Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Van Pelt-Dietrich Library, University of Pennsylvania.
Du
Bois, Shirley Graham
,Papers. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library, Radcliff College on the History of Women in America, Cambridge, Mass.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B
.,
Papers of (microfilm)
.
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library
,
Urbana
.
Edwards
,
Thyra
,Papers. Chicago History Museum.
Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Women’s Clubs Records, Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati
.
Federal Surveillance of Afro-Americans
(
1917
–1925):
The First World War, the Red Scare, and the Garvey Movement (microform) (Frederick, Md.
:
University Publications of America
,
1985
).
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library
,
Urbana
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
,
Papers
.
Reference Center for Marxist Studies
,
New York
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
,Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Green
,
Cooper
,Papers. Department of Archives, Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Hudson
,
Hosea
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Hughes, Langston, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Hughes, Langston, Papers. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
.
Huiswoud
,
Hermina Dumont
,Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Hunton, W. Alphaeus, miscellaneous files
. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
Hunton
,
William Alphaeus
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
International Labor Defense Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
International Workers Order Records. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y
.
International Workers Organization Vertical Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Jackson, Esther Cooper, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Jackson, Esther, and James, Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
Jackson
,
James E
.,Jr., miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation,Washington.
Jackson
,
James E
., and
Esther Cooper Jackson Papers.
Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University. I first accessed the Jackson Papers at New York University before they were reorganized in 2007. All materials accessed after this date are referenced as Jackson Papers
2007
.
Jefferson School of Social Science Papers
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Johnson
,
Howard
Stretch,” Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University
”.
Jones
,
Claudia
,
Memorial Collection. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Jones, Claudia, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Jones
,
Claudia/Marika
Sherwood Research Collections. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Kaufman, Mary Metlay, Papers. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass
.
Klehr
,
Harvey
,
Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta
.
LaGuardia, Fiorello H., Papers. Municipal Archives of the City of New York
.
League of Struggle for Negro Rights, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Massiah, Louis, Personal Collection. Philadelphia
.
Michelson
,
Clarina
,
Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University
.
Moon
,
Henry Lee
,
Family Papers, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland
.
Moore
,
Audley
,
miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Moore
,
Richard
,
Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Naison
,
Mark D
.,
Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Papers. Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington
.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, part 6
:
The Scottsboro Case
,
1931
–1950,Papers (microfilm). University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana.
National Committee for Defense of Political Prisoners Vertical Files. Tamiment Library and Robert F
.Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
National Council of Negro Women Records
.Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington.
National Negro Congress, miscellaneous files
.Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
National Negro Congress Papers
.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
National Negro Congress Vertical Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
National Park Service, Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site, National Archives for Black Women’s History, National Council of Negro Women Records, Washington
.
National Republic Records
.Hoover Institute on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University.
Patterson, Louise Thompson, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Patterson
,
Louise Thompson
, Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta. I first accessed the LTP Papers before they were reorganized in September 2002. All materials accessed after this date are referenced as LTP Papers
2002
.
Patterson, Louise Thompson, Vertical Files. Reference Center for Marxist Studies, New York
.
Patterson, William L., miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Patterson
,
William
,Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington.
Records of the Communist Party of the United States of America (microfilm copies of Russian State Archive of Social and Political History Fond 515, Opis 1
).Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington.
Richardson
,
Beulah
,miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
Russian State Archives (RA). Library of Congress European Reading Room, Washington
.
The Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI) refers to documents catalogued by Fond, the number of the collection; Opis, the subseries within the Fond; Delo, the individual file; and List, the document page. The archive uses the four terms in sequence to reference documents. All materials from the archive referred to in this study follow the sequence Fond/Opis/Delo/List after the letters RA, for the Russian State Archive. For example, RA 495/72/144/39–40 refers to Russian State Archive Fond 495, Opis 72, Delo 144, List (pages)
39
40
.
The collections used in this study are as follows
:
International Women’s Committee against War and Fascism
Sojourners for Truth and Justice, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Southern Negro Youth Congress, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Southern Negro Youth Congress Papers
.Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University,Washington.
Strong
,
Edward E
.,
Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
,Washington.
Terrell
,
Mary Church
,Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University,Washington.
UNIA Central Division Records
,
1918
1959
.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Warner
, Thomas
O
.,
Personal Collection.
Philadelphia.
West
,
Dorothy
,Papers. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library, Radcliff College on the History of Women in America, Cambridge, Mass.
Wood
, L.
Hollingsworth
,
Papers. Special Collections
, Haverford College, Haverford, Pa.
World Federation of Democratic Youth, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Wright
,
Richard
,Papers. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.
This content is only available as PDF.

Periodicals and Publications Consulted

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
U.S. Fourteenth Census, 1920
PUBLICATIONS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY, USA AND RELATED ORGANIZATIONS
Communist (superseded by Political Affairs)
Daily Worker
Daily World
Fraternal Outlook
Labor Unity
Negro Affairs Quarterly
Negro Champion (superseded by The Liberator, The Negro Liberator,
The Harlem Liberator) Negro History Bulletin
Negro Worker
New Masses
New Order
Party Builder
People’s Weekly World
Spotlight
Sunday Worker
Woman Today
Working Woman
Young Communist Review
OTHER NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES
Atlanta Daily World
Baltimore Afro-American
Birmingham
Age-Herald
Birmingham
World
California Eagle
Cavalcade
Chicago Defender
Chicago Tribune
Congress Vue (superseded by Congress View)
The Crisis
The Crusader
Freedom
The Messenger
Nation
Negro History Bulletin
Negro World
New York Age
New York Amsterdam News
New York Times
People’s Voice
Pittsburgh
Courier
Power of the Word, www.afrikapoetrytheatre.com
Savannah Tribune
Washington Post
West Indian-American
This content is only available as PDF.

Oral Histories and Interviews

Ahmad
,
Muhammad
(Max Stanford Jr.). Interview by author, 12 June
2006
.Philadelphia.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
. Telephone interview by author, 10 April
2009
.
Beal
,
Frances
. Interview by author, 12 September
2006
.Oakland, Calif.
Berry
,
Abner
. Interview by Mark Naison, 5 July
1977
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Berry
,
Abner
. Interviews by Mark Naison, 20 November
1973
,29 July
1974
.New York. Mark Naison Personal Collection, transcript in author’s possession.
Blakely
,
Delois
. Interview by author, 24 January
2002
.New York.
Bond
,
Jean Carey
. Interview by author, 9 November
2001
.New York.
Bonosky
,
Phillip
. Interview by author, 11 June
1998
.New York.
Bracey
,
H. John
Jr.
, Telephone interview by author, 10 January
2009
.
Burnham
,
Dorothy
. Interviews by author, 11 June
1998
,10 April
1999
,and 26 September
2001
.Brooklyn.
Burnham
,
Linda
. Interviews by author, 21 June
1998
,12 September
2006
.Chicago; Oakland, Calif.
Burnham
,
Margaret
. Telephone interview by author, 30 April
2008
.
Burroughs
,
Margaret Taylor Goss
. Interview by author, 26 February
2003
.New York.
Cooke
,
Marvel
. Interviews by author, 1 April
1998
,11 June
1998
.New York.
Crawford
,
Evelyn Louise
. Telephone interview by author, 11 July
2005
.
Crawford
,
William
, and
Miriam
Crawford
. Interview by author, 12 March
1998
.Philadelphia.
Daughtry
,
Reverend Karen Smith
. Telephone interview by author, 4 June
2007
.
Davis
,
Ossie
, and
Ruby
Dee
. Interview by author, 5 December
2001
.New Rochelle, N.Y.
Flory
,
Ishmael
, and
Cathern
Davis
. Interview by author, 17 September
2003
.Chicago.
Gordon
,
Lottie
. Interviews by author, 2 April
1998
,11 June
1998
.New York.
Guy
,
Rosa
. Interview by author, 19 February
2005
.New York.
Hall
,
Sylvia Thompson
. Interview by author, 18 February
2006
.New York.
Hunton
,
Dorothy
. Interview by Louis Massiah, 28 May
1992
.W. E. B. Du Bois Film Project, Philadelphia.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
. Telephone interviews by author, 17 November
2002
,10 April
2003
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
, and
James
Jackson
. Interviews by author, 2 April
1998
,13 August
1998
,10 April
1999
,7 December
2003
.Brooklyn.
Jackson
,
James
, and
Esther
Cooper Jackson
. Interview by Louis Massiah, 2 June
1992
.W. E. B. Du Bois Film Project, Philadelphia.
Levy
,
Builder
. Interview by author, 7 March
2002
.New York.
Kaiser
,
Ernest
. Interview by author, 26 September
2001
.New York.
Katz
,
Maude White
. Interview by Ruth Prago, 18 December
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
M’Balia
,
Shafeah
. Telephone interview by author, 14 September
2006
.
Meriwether
,
Louise
. Interview by author, 10 January
2005
.New York.
Mitchell
,
Charlene
. Interview by author, 10 April
1999
.New York.
Monteiro
,
Anthony
. Interview by author, 11 June
2006
.Philadelphia.
Moore
,
Audley
Queen Mother.” Interview by Mark Naison, 3 May
1972
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Moore
,
Audley
Queen Mother. Interview by Ruth Prago, 23 December
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Series I, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Muhammad
,
Saladin
. Telephone interview by author, 31 August
2006
.
Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
O’Reilly
,
Salaria Kea
[sic]. Interview by John Gerassi, 7 June
1980
.John Gerassi Oral History Collection, ALBA Audio 18, Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Patterson
,
Louise
. Interview by Ruth Prago, 16 November
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Patterson
,
MaryLouise
. Interview by author, 1 April
1998
,New York.
Patterson
,
MaryLouise
, and
Belle
Herman
. Interview by author, 16 November
1997
,New York.
Perkins
,
Thelma Dale
. Telephone interview by author, 11 July
2006
Pinkard
,
Janet (Ginger)
. Telephone interview by author, 15 September
2002
.
Sanchez
,
Sonia
. Telephone interview by author, 12 January
2009
.
Smith
,
Barbara
. Telephone interview by author, 18 April
2009
.
Solomon
,
Mark
. Telephone interview by author, 24 May
2006
.
Taylor-Strong
,
Phyllis
. Telephone interview by author, 4 April
2008
.
Umoja
,
Akinyele
. Telephone interview by author, 24 August
2006
.
Warner
,
Thomas O
. Interview by author, 18 January
2002
,Philadelphia.
This content is only available as PDF.

Web Sites

The International People’s College. “Home Page.”
United Nations.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
,
1948
. www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/eng.htm.
This content is only available as PDF.

Books, Articles, Other Texts, and Films

Adi
,
Hakim
. “
Pan-Africanism and Communism: The Comintern, the ‘Negro Question’ and the First International Conference of Negro Workers, Hamburg
,
1930
.”
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal
1
, no.
2
(July
2008)
:
237
54
.
Adi
,
Hakim
, and
Marika
Sherwood
.
The 1945 Manchester Pan-African Congress Revisited
.
London
:
New Beacon Books
,
1995
.
Ahmad
,
Muhammad
(Maxwell Stanford Jr.).
We Will Return in the Whirlwind: Black Radical Organizations, 1960–1975
.
Chicago
:
Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company
,
2007
.
Aidoo
,
Agnes Akosua
. “
Asante Queen Mothers in Government and Politics in the Nineteenth Century
.” In
The Black Woman Cross-Culturally
, ed.
Filomina
Chioma
Steady
,
65
77
.
Rochester, Vt.
:
Schenkman Books
,
1981
.
Alexander
,
M. Jacqui
, and
Chandra
Talpade Mohanty
, eds.
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Allen
,
James S
., and
Philip
Foner
, eds.
American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1919–1929
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1987
.
Anderson
,
Carol
. “
The Brother in Black Is Always Told to Wait”: The Communist Party, African American Anticommunism, and the Prioritization of Black Equality—A Reply to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
,no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
65
68
.
Anderson
,
Carol
.
Eyes off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights
,
1944
–1955.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2003
.
Anderson
,
Karen Tucker
.
Wartime Women: Sex Roles, Family Relations, and the Status of Women during World War II.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1981
.
Anderson
,
Mary
. “
The Plight of Negro Domestic Labor
.”
Journal of Negro Education
5
, no.
1
(January
1936)
:
66
72
.
Anthony
,
David Henry
III.
Max Yergan: Race Man, Internationalist, Cold Warrior
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2006
.
Antler
,
Joyce
. “
Between Culture and Politics: The Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Clubs and the Promulgation of Women’s History, 1944–1989
.” In
U.S. History as Women’s History: New Feminist Essays
, ed.
Linda K.
Kerber
,
Alice
Kessler-Harris
, and
Kathryn Kish
Sklar
,
265
312
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
.
Intimate Politics: How I Grew Up Red, Fought for Free Speech, and Became a Feminist Rebel
.
Emeryville, Calif.
:
Seal Press
,
2006
.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
.
The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis
.2nd ed.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
Arnesen
,
Eric
. “
‘No Graver Danger’: Black Anticommunism, the Communist Party, and the Race Question
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
13
52
.
Arnesen
,
Eric
. “
The Red and the Black: Reflections on the Responses to ‘No Graver Danger.’
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
75
79
.
August
,
Bob
. “
Salaria Kea [sic] and John O’Reilly: Volunteers Who Met and Wed in Spain
.”
Cleveland Magazine
(
1975
).
Baker
,
Ella
, and
Marvel
Cooke
. “
The Bronx Slave Market
.”
Crisis
42
(November
1935)
: 330–31, 340.
Baldwin
,
Davarian
.
Chicago’s New Negroes: Modernity, the Great Migration, and Black Urban Life
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2007
.
Baldwin
,
Kate A
.
Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading Encounters between Black and Red, 1922–1963.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Bambara
,
Toni Cade
, ed.
The Black Woman: An Anthology
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2005
.
Barber
,
Lucy Grace
. “
Marches on Washington, 1894–1963: National Political Demonstrations and American Political Culture.” Ph.D. diss., Brown University
”,
1996
.
Barrett
,
James R
. “
Was the Personal Political? Reading the Autobiography of American Communism
.”
International Review of Social History
53
, no.
3
(December
2008)
:
395
423
.
James
R
,
William
Z
.
Foster and the Tragedy of American Radicalism.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1999
.
Barton
,
Ann
. “
Revolt of the Housewives
.”
New Masses
(18 June
1935)
:
18
19
.
Baxter
,
John
Jr.
National Negro Congress, 1936–1947.” Ph.D., diss., University of Cincinnati
”,
1981
.
Beal
,
Frances
. “
Double Jeopardy: To Be Black and Female
.” In
The Black Woman: An Anthology
,ed.
Toni Cade
Bambara
,
109
22
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2005
.
Bebel
,
August
.
Woman under Socialism
.
New York
:
Schocken Books
,
1971
.
Belknap
,
Michael R
.
Cold War Political Justice: The Smith Act, the Communist Party, and American Civil Liberties. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press,
1977
.
Berg
,
Manfred
. “
The Ticket to Freedom”: The NAACP and the Struggle for Black Political Integration. Gainesville: University of Florida Press
”,
2005
.
Berry
,
Faith
.
Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill and Company
,
1983
.
Biondi
,
Martha
. “
Response to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
59
63
.
Biondi
,
Martha
. “
The Rise of the Reparations Movement
.”
Radical History Review
87
(Fall
2003)
:
5
18
.
Biondi
,
Martha
.
To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York City.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2003
.
Black Scholar Interviews: Queen Mother Moore
.”
Black Scholar
4
(March-April
1973)
:
47
55
.
Blakely
,
Allison
.
Russia and the Negro: Blacks in Russian History and Thought
.
Washington
:
Howard University Press
,
1986
.
Bloor
,
Ella Reeve
.
We Are Many: An Autobiography
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1940
.
Bloor
,
Ella Reeve
, and
Elizabeth
Gurley Flynn
. “
Women in the National Front against Hitler
.”
Communist
10
, no.20 (October
1941)
:
897
909
.
Bogues
,
Anthony
.
Black Heretics, Black Prophets: Radical Political Intellectuals.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Boris
,
Eileen
.
Home to Work: Motherhood and the Politics of Industrial Homework in the United States.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1994
.
Boris
,
Eileen
. “
The Power of Motherhood: Black and White Activist Women Redefine the ‘Political.’” In
Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origin of Welfare States
, ed.
Seth
Koven
and
Sonya
Michel
,
213
45
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Borkenau
,
Franz
.
World Communism: A History of the Communist International
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
1962
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
.
Black Women, Writing and Identity: Migrations of the Subject
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
. “
Deportable Subjects: U.S. Immigration Laws and the Criminalizing of Communism
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
100
, no.
4
(Fall
2001)
:
949
66
.
Boyce
Davies,
Carole
.
Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
. “
Sisters Outside: Tracing the Caribbean/Black Radical Tradition
.”
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism
28
, no.
1
(March
2009)
:
217
28
.
Brandt
,
Joe
, ed.
Black Americans in the Spanish People’s War against Fascism, 1936–1939
.
New York
:
Veteran of the Abraham Lincoln Battalion
,
1980
.
Brocheux
,
Pierre
.
Ho Chi Minh: A Biography
.
Trans. Claire Duiker.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2007
.
Browder
,
Earl
.
Teheran: Our Path in War and Peace
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1944
.
Brown
,
Elsa Barkley
. “
‘What Has Happened Here’: The Politics of Difference in Women’s History and Feminist Politics
.”
Feminist Studies
18
, no.
2
(Summer
1992)
:
295
312
.
Brown
,
Elsa Barkley
. “
Womanist Consciousness: Maggie Lena Walker and the Independent Order of Saint Luke
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women Culture and Society
14
, no.
3
(Spring
1989)
:
610
33
.
Brown
,
Jean Collier
.
Household Workers
.
Chicago
:
Science Research Associates
,
1940
.
Brown
,
Kathleen A
., and
Elizabeth
Faue
. “
Revolutionary Desire: Redefining the Politics of Sexuality of American Radicals, 1919–1945
.” In
Sexual Borderlands: Constructing an American Sexual Past
, ed.
Kathleen
Kennedy
,
273
302
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
2003
.
Brown
,
Kathleen A
. “
Social Bonds, Sexual Politics, and Political Community on the U.S. Left, 1920s–1940s
.”
Left History
7
, no.
1
(Spring
2000)
:
9
45
.
Buechler
, Steven
M
.
Social Movements in Advanced Capitalism: The Political Economy of Cultural Construction of Activism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Buhle
,
Mari Jo
.
Women and American Socialism, 1870–1920
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1981
.
Buhle
,
Mari Jo
,
Paul
Buhle
, and
Dan
Georgakas
, eds.
Encyclopedia of the American Left
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Buhle
,
Paul
.
Marxism in the USA: Remapping the History of the American Left
.2nded.
London
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Buhle
,
Paul
. “
Young Communist League (and Successors)
.”
Encyclopedia of the American Left
, ed.
Mari Jo
Buhle
,
Paul
Buhle
, and
Dan
Georgakas
,872–75.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Burton
,
Antoinette
.
The Postcolonial Careers of Santha Rama Rau
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Burton
,
Antoinette
,
Augusto
Espiritu
, and
Fanon
Che Wilkins
. “
The Fate of Nationalisms in the Age of Bandung
.”
Radical History Review
95 (2006):
145
48
.
Bush
,
Rod
.
We Are Not What We Seem: Black Nationalism and Class Struggle in the American Century
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1999
.
Butler
,
Kim D
.
Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition in São Paulo and Salvador
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1998
.
Capeci
,
Dominic, Jr
.
The Harlem Riot of
1943
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1977
.
Carby
, Hazel
V
.
Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Carew
, Joy
Gleason
.
Blacks, Reds, and Russians: Sojourners in Search of the Soviet Promise
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2008
.
Carleton
,
Gregory
.
Sexual Revolution in Bolshevik Russia
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
2005
.
Carter
,
Dan T
.
Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South
.Rev. ed.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1979
.
Castledine
,
Jacqueline Ann
. “
Gendering the Cold War: Race, Class, and Women’s Peace.” Ph.D. diss., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
”,
2006
.
Cesairé
,
Aimé
.
Discourse on Colonialism
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1972
.
Cha-Jua
,
Sundiata
, and
Clarence
Lang
. “
‘The Long Movement’ as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies
.”
Journal of African American History
92
, no.
2
(2007):
265
88
.
Charney
,
George
.
A Long Journey
.
Chicago
:
Quadrangle
,
1968
.
Chateauvert
,
Melinda
.
Marching Together: Women of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
.
Urbana and Chicago
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1998
.
Childress
,
Alice
.
Like One of the Family: Conversations from a Domestic’s Life
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1986
.
Christian
,
Mark
. “
Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association: New Perspectives on Philosophy, Religion, and Microstudies, Unity, and Practice
.”
Journal of Black Studies
39
, no.
2
(November
2008)
:
163
65
.
Claudín
,
Fernando
.
The Communist Movement from Comintern to Cominform. Part One, The Crisis of the Communist International
.
Trans. Brian Pearce.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1975
.
Clements
,
Barbara Evans
.
Bolshevik Feminist: The Life of Aleksandra Kollontai
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1979
.
Cmiel
,
Kenneth
. “
The Recent History of Human Rights
.”
American Historical Review
109
(
2004
):
117
35
.
Cobb
,
William A. J
. “
Antidote to Revolution: African American Anti-Communism and the Struggle for Civil Rights
”,
1931
–1954.” Ph.D. diss., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey,
2003
.
Cobble
,
Dorothy Sue
.
The Other Women’s Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America. Princeton: Princeton University
,
2004
.
Coble
,
Alana Erickson
.
Cleaning Up: The Transformation of Domestic Service in Twentieth-Century New York City
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
Cohen
,
Lizabeth
.
Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago
,
1919–1939
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1990
.
Cohen
,
Robert
.
When the Old Left Was Young: Student Radicals and America’s First Mass Student Movement
,
1929–1941
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Collier-Thomas
,
Bettye
,.
Jesus Jobs, and Justice: African American Women and Religion
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
2010
.
Collier-Thomas
,
Bettye
, and
V. P.
Franklin
, eds.
Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights–Black Power Movement
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2001
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment
. Rev. ed.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1998
.
Communist Party Central Committee.
American Working Women and the Class Struggle
.
New York
:
Workers Library
,
1930
.
The Communist Position on the Negro Question
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1934
.
The Complete Report of Mayor LaGuardia’s Commission on the Harlem Riot of March 19
,
1935
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1969
.
Cooper
,
Esther V
. “
The Negro Women Domestic Worker in Relation to Trade Unionism.” MA thesis, Fisk University
”,
1940
.
Cooper
,
Wayne F
.
Claude McKay: Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1987
.
Corber
,
Robert J
.
Homosexuality in Cold War America: Resistance and the Crisis of Masculinity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Cott
,
Nancy F
.
The Grounding of Modern Feminism
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1987
.
Cott
,
Nancy F
. “
‘What’s in a Name?’: The Limits of ‘Social Feminism’; or Expanding the Vocabulary of Women’s History
.”
Journal of American History
76
(1989):
809
29
.
Cowl
,
Margaret
.
Women and Equality
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1935
.
Crawford
,
Vicki L.
et al
.,eds.
Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941–1965
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1993
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
.
Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings That Formed the Movement
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
, no.
6
(July
1991
): 1241–99.
Crocco
,
Margaret Smith
, and
Callie
L. Waite
. “
Education and Marginality: Race and Gender in Higher Education, 1940–1955
.”
History of Education Quarterly
47
, no. 1 (
2007)
:
573
82
.
The Crusader
. Reprint,
New York
:
Garland Publishers
,
1987
.
Cruse
,
Harold
.
The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual
.
New York
:
Quill
,
1984
.
Cruz-Malavé
,
Arnaldo
, and
Martin
F. Manalansan
IV
eds.
Queer Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2002
.
Cuthbert
,
Marion V
. “
Education and Marginality: A Study of the Negro Woman College Graduate.” Ph.D. diss., Columbia University
”,
1942
.
Dalfiume
,
Richard M
. “
The ‘Forgotten Years’ of the Negro Revolution
.” In
The Negro in Depression and War
, ed.
Bernard
Sternsher
,
298–316
.
Chicago
:
Quadrangle
1969
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Abolition Democracy: Beyond Empire, Prisons, and Torture
.
New York
:
Seven Stories Press
,
2005
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Angela Davis: An Autobiography
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1974
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude “ Ma” Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
”,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
James and Esther Jackson: Connecting the Past to the Present
.”
American Communist History
7
, no.
2
(December
2008)
:
217
76
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
JoAnne Little: The Dialectics of Rape
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, ed.
Joy
James
,
149
60
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell Publishers
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
Racism and Contemporary Literature on Rape
.”
Freedomways
16
, no.
1
(
1976)
:
25
33
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, ed.
Joy
James
,
111
28
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell Publishers
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Women, Race, and Class
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1981
.
Davis
,
John P
.
Let Us Build a National Negro Congress
.
Washington
:
National Sponsoring Committee, National Negro Congress
,
1935
.
de Beauvoir
,
Simone
.Trans. and ed.
H. M.
Parshley
.
The Second Sex
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
1993
.
Degras
,
Jane
, ed.
The Communist International, 1919–1943
. Vols.
1–3
.
London
:
Frank Cass and Company
,
1971
.
D’Emilio
,
John
.
Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940–1970
.2nd ed.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
D’Emilio
,
John
, and
Estelle
B. Freedman
.
Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America
.2nd ed.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1997
.
Denning
,
Michael
.
The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century
.
London
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Dennis
,
Peggy
.
The Autobiography of an American Communist: A Personal View of a Political Life, 1925–1975
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill
,
1977
.
Dixler
,
Elsa
. “
The Woman Question: Women and the Communist Party, 1929–1941.” Ph.D. diss., Yale University
”,
1974
.
Drake
,
St. Clair
, and
Horace
Cayton
.
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City
.1945. Rev. and enlarged ed.,
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Draper
,
Theodore
.
The Roots of American Communism
.
New York
:
Viking Press
,
1957
.Duberman, Mark. Paul Robeson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf,
1988
.
Dubois
,
Ellen C
. “
Eleanor Flexner and the History of American Feminism
.”
Gender and History
3
, no.
1
(April
1991)
:
81
90
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B
.
The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1968
.
Du Bois
,
W
.
Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880
.
New York
:
Antheneum
,
1992
.
Dudziak
,
Mary
.
Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2000
.
Dudziak
,
Mary
. “
Josephine Baker, Racial Protest, and the Cold War
.”
Journal of American History
81
(September
1994)
:
543
70
.
Duncan
,
Natanya
. “
The ‘Efficient Womanhood’ of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: 1919–1930.” Ph.D. diss., University of Florida
”,
2009
.
Edgar
,
Adrienne
. “
Bolshevism, Patriarchy, and the Nation: The Soviet ‘Emancipation’ of Muslim Women in Pan-Islamic Perspective
.”
Slavic Review
65
, no.
2
(Summer
2006)
:
252
72
.
Editors of
Freedomways. Black Titan: W. E. B. Du Bois
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1970
.
Edwards
,
Brent Hayes
.
The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2003
.
Edwards
,
Brent Hayes
. “
The Uses of Diaspora
.”
Social Text
19
, no.
1
(Spring
2001)
:
45
73
.
Egerton
,
John
.
Speak Now Against the Day: The Generation before the Civil Rights Movement in the South
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
1994
.
El Saadawi
,
Nawal
.
The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World
.
London
:
Zed Books
,
1980
.
Elliot
,
Rosemary
.
Women and Smoking since 1890
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2007
.
Engels
,
Frederick
.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State
. In Selected Works by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels,
3
: 191–334.
Moscow
:
Progress Publishers
,
1969
.
Estes
,
Steve
.
I Am a Man! Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2005
.
Evans
,
Sara
.
Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1979
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
A Dying Colonialism
.Translated by Haakon Chevalier.
New York
:
Monthly Review
,
1965
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
The Wretched of the Earth
.Translated by Constance Farrington.
New York
:
Grove Weidenfeld
,
1963
.
Faue
,
Elizabeth
.
Community of Suffering and Struggle: Women, Men, and the Labor Movement in Minneapolis, 1915–1945
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1991
.
Feldstein
,
Ruth
. “
‘I Don’t Want to Trust You Anymore’: Nina Simone, Culture, and Black Activism in the 1960s
.”
Journal of American History
91
(
2005
): 1349–79.
Ferguson
,
Roderick A
.
Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Floyd-Thomas
,
Juan Marcial
. “
Creating a Temple and a Forum: Religion, Culture, and Politics in the Harlem Unitarian Church, 1920–1956.” Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania
”,
2000
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
.
Women Have a Date with Destiny
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1944
.
Foley
,
Barbara
.
Radical Representations: Politics and Form in U.S. Proletarian Fiction, 1929–1941
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1993
.
Foley
,
Barbara
.
Spectres of 1919: Class and Nation in the Making of the New Negro. Urbana: University of Illinois Press
,
2003
.
Foner
,
Philip
.
American Socialism and Black Americans: From the Age of Jackson to World War II
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1977
.
Foner
,
Philip S
., and
Herbert
Shapiro
, eds.
American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1930–1934
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1991
.
Ford
,
James
, and
Harry
Gannes
.
War in Africa: Italian Fascism Prepares to Enslave Ethiopia
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishing
,
1935
.
For United Action against Fascism
.”
The Communist
12
, no.
4
(April
1933)
:
323
36
.
Foster
,
William Z
.
History of the Communist Party of the United States
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1952
.
Foster
,
William Z
. “
On Improving the Party’s Work among Women
.”
Political Affairs
27
, no.
10
(October
1948)
:
984
90
.
Foster
,
William
et al
.
The Communist Position on the Negro Question
.
New York
:
New Century Publishers
,
1947
.
Fouché
,
Rayvon
.
Black Inventors in the Age of Segregation: Granville T. Woods, Lewis H. Latimer, and Shelby J. Davidson
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2003
.
Franklin
,
V. P
. “
Introduction—New Black Power Studies
.”
Journal of African American History
92
, no.
4
(Fall
2007)
:
463
67
.
Fredrickson
, George
M
.
Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Freedomways Associates.
Paul Robeson: The Great Forerunner
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1998
.
Friedan
,
Betty
.
The Feminine Mystique
.
1963
. Reprint,
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
1997
.
Friedman
,
Andrea
. “
The Strange Career of Annie Lee Moss: Rethinking Race, Gender, and McCarthyism
.”
Journal of American History
94
, no.
2
(September
2007)
:
445
68
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
.
American Africans in Ghana: Black Expatriates and the Civil Rights Era
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
. “
From Center to Margins: Internationalism and the Origins of Black Feminism
.” In
Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics
, ed.
Russ
Castronovo
and
Diane D.
Nelson
,
294
313
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
. “
Locating the Transnational in Postwar African American History
.”
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism
28
, no.
1
(March
2009)
:
193
202
.
Gaines
, Kevin
K
.
Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Garfinkel
,
Herbert
.
When Negroes March: The March on Washington Movement in the Organizational Politics for FEPC
.
New York
:
Atheneum
,
1969
.
Gates
,
Henry Louis
Jr.
, “
The Black Man’s Burden
.” In
Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory
, ed.
Michael
Warner
,
230
38
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minneapolis Press
,
1993
.
Gellum
,
Erik S
. “
‘Death Blow to Jim Crow: The National Negro Congress, 1936–1947.” Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University
”,
2006
.
Gendered Domains: Rethinking Public and Private in Women’s History; Essays from the 7th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1990
.
Gerson
,
Deborah A
. “
‘Is Family Devotion Now Subversive?’ Familialism against McCarthyism
.” In
Not June Cleaver: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945–1960
, ed.
Joanne
Meyerowitz
,
151
76
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1994
.
Giddings
,
Paula
.
Ida: A Sword among Lions; Ida B. Wells and the Campaign against Lynching
.
New York
:
Amistad
,
2008
.
Giddings
,
Paula
.
When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America
.
New York
:
Quill
,
1984
.
Gilkes
,
Cheryl Townsend
. “
Interview with Audley (Queen Mother) Moore
.” In
The Black Women Oral History Project
, vol.
8
, ed.
Ruth Edmonds
Hill
,
111
201
.
West-port, Conn.
:
Meckler
,
1991
.
Gilmore
,
Glenda Elizabeth
.
Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights, 1919–1950
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2008
.
Gilmore
,
Glenda Elizabeth
.
Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Gilmore
,
Ruthie Wilson
.
Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2007
.
Gilmore
,
Stephanie
, ed.
Feminist Coalitions: Historical Perspectives on Second-Wave Feminism in the United States
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2008
.
Gilroy
,
Paul
.
The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Giovanni
,
Nikki
. “
The Lion in Daniel’s Den
.”
Freedomways
11
, no.
2
(
1971)
:
191
.
Golden
,
Lily
.
My Long Journey Home
.
Chicago
:
Third World Press
,
2002
.
Goldman
,
Michal
, dir.
At Home in Utopia. DVD. Filmmakers Collaborative
,
2008
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Terror and Democracy in the Age of Stalin: The Social Dynamics of Repression
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2007
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Women at the Gates: Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2002
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917–1936
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Goodman
,
James
.
The Stories of Scottsboro
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1994
.
Gopinath
,
Gayatri
.
Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Gordall
,
Janet
. “
Audley Moore and the Politics of Black Revolutionary Motherhood.” Paper in author’s possession
”.
Gordon
,
Eugene
, and
Cyril
Briggs
.
The Position of Negro Women
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1935
.
Gordon
,
Linda
.
Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1994
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
. “
From Communist Politics to Black Power: The Visionary Politics and Transnational Solidarities of Victoria ‘Vicki’ Ama Garvin
.” In
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
, ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
72
94
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
. “
To Light a Candle in a Gale Wind: Black Women Radicals and Post World War II U.S. Politics.” Ph.D. diss., New York University
”,
2003
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
.
Introduction to Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
,ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
1
24
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
., eds.
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gosse
,
Van
. “
‘To Organize in Every Neighborhood, in Every Home’: The Gender Politics of American Communists between the Wars
.”
Radical History Review
50
(
1991)
:
109
41
.
Goulding
,
Marc
. “
Vanguards of the New Africa: Black Radical Networks, Communism, and Anti-Imperialism in the 1930s
.” Ph.D. diss., New York University”,
2007
.
Grady-Willis
,
Winston A
.
Challenging U.S. Apartheid: Atlanta and Black Struggles for Human Rights, 1960–1977
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Green
,
Ben
.
Before His Time: The Untold Story of Harry T. Moore, America’s First Civil Rights Martyr
.
Gainesville
:
University of Florida Press
,
1999
.
Greenberg
,
Lynn
.
Or Does It Explode? Black Harlem during the Great Depression
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1991
.
Greene
,
Christina
.
Our Separate Ways: Women and the Black Freedom Movement in Durham, North Carolina
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2005
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
, and
Caren
Kaplan
, eds.
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Griffin
,
Farah Jasmine
.
If You Can’t Be Free, Be a Mystery: In Search of Billie Holiday
.
New York
:
Ballantine
,
2001
.
Griffin
,
Farah J
., and
Cheryl J.
Fish
, eds.
Stranger in the Village: Two Centuries of African-American Travel Writing
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1998
.
Gross
,
Kali N
.
Colored Amazons: Crime, Violence, and Black Women in the City of Brotherly Love, 1880–1910
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Guy-Sheftall
,
Beverly
, ed.
Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Hall
,
Gloria
et al
.,eds.
All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave
.
Old Westbury, N.Y.
:
Feminist Press
,
1982
.
Hall
,
Jacquelyn Dowd
. “
The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past
.”
Journal of American History
91
, no.
4
(March
2005): 1233–63
.
Hall
,
Stuart
. “
The Work of Representation
.” In
Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices
, ed.
Stuart
Hall
,
13
74
.
Walton Hall, U.K.
:
The Open University
,
1997
.
Halle
,
Fannina W
.
Woman in Soviet Russia
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1933
.
Hamilton
,
Charles V
,
Adam Clayton
Powell
Jr.
,:
The Political Biography of the American Dilemma
.
New York
:
Atheneum
,
1991
.
Hamilton
,
Lisa Gay
dir.
,
Beah: A Black Woman Speaks
. DVD. Clinica Estetico in association with HBO/Cinemax Documentary Film,
2003
.
Hansberry
,
Lorraine
. “
Simone de Beauvoir and The Second Sex, an Unfinished Essay-in-Progress
.” In
Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought
, ed.
Beverly
Guy-Sheftall
,
128
42
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Harlem Division of the Communist Party, USA.
A Political Manual for Harlem
.
New York
:
Harlem Division of the Communist Party, USA, ca
.
1939
.
Harold
,
Claudrena N
.
The Rise and Fall of the Garvey Movement in the Urban South, 1918–1942
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2007
.
Harris
,
Lashawn
. “
Running with the Reds: African American Women and the Communist Party during the Great Depression
.”
Journal of African American History
94
, no.
1
(Winter
2009)
:
21
43
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Lose Your Mother: A Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus, and Giroux
,
2007
.
Hawes
,
Elizabeth
.
Why Women Cry; Or Wenches with Wrenches
.
Cornwall, N.Y.
:
Cornwall Press
,
1943
.
Haynes
,
John Earl
. “
Reconsidering Two Questions: On Arnesen’s ‘No Graver Danger’; Black Anticommunism, the Communist Party, and the Race Question
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no. 4 (
2006)
:
53
57
.
Haywood
,
Harry
.
Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist
.
Chicago
:
Liberator Press
,
1978
.
Haywood
,
Harry
.
Negro Liberation
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1948
.
Hemenway
,
Robert
.
Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1977
.
Herndon
,
Angelo
.
Let Me Live
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1937
.
Hewitt
,
Nancy A
., and
Suzanne
Lebsock
, eds.
Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Hicks
,
Cheryl D
. “
Confined to Womanhood: Women, Prisons, and Race in the State of New York, 1890–1935.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University
”,
1999
.
Higginbotham
,
Evelyn Brooks
. “
African-American Women’s History and the Metalanguage of Race
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
17
, no.
2
(Winter
1992)
:
251
74
.
Higginbotham
,
Evelyn Brooks
.
Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880–1920
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Hill
,
Rebecca
. “
Fosterites and Feminists: Or 1950s Ultra-Leftism and the Invention of AmeriKKKa
.”
New Left Review
228
(
1998
):
67
90
.
Hill
,
Robert A
., ed.
Marcus Garvey and the UNIA Papers
. Vol.
4
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1985
.
Hine
,
Darlene Clarke
. “
African American Women and Their Communities in the Twentieth Century: The Foundation and Future of Black Women’s Studies
.”
Black Women, Gender, and Families
1
, no.
1
(Spring
2007)
:
1
23
.
Hine
,
Darlene Clarke
. “
Rape and the Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West: Preliminary Thoughts on the Culture of Dissemblance
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
14 (August
1988)
:
912
20
.
Hirth
,
Thomas W
., ed.
Gay Rebel of the Harlem Renaissance: Selections from the Work of Richard Bruce Nugent
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Ho
,
Fred
, and
Bill V.
Mullen
, eds.
Afro-Asia: Revolutionary Political and Cultural Connections between African Americans and Asian Americans
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric J
.
Revolutionaries
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2001
.
Hobson
,
Janell
.
Venus in the Dark: Blackness and Beauty in Popular Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2005
.
Holcomb
,
Gary Edward
,
Claude
McKay
,
Code Name Sasha: Queer Black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance
.
Gainesville
:
University Press of Florida
,
2007
.
Honey
,
Michael
.
Going Down the Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2007
.
Honey
,
Michael
.
Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights: Organizing Memphis Workers
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Black Looks: Race and Representation
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
1992
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Black and Red: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1986
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Black Liberation/Red Scare: Ben Davis and the Communist Party
.
Newark
:
University of Delaware Press
,
1994
.
Horne
,
Gerald
. “
Black Thinkers at Sea: Ferdinand Smith and the Decline of African American Proletarian Intellectuals
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
4
, no.
2
(
2002)
:
38
50
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Cold War in a Hot Zone: The United States Confronts Labor and Independence Struggles in the British West Indies
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2007
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Communist Front? The Civil Rights Congress
.
London
:
Associated University Presses
,
1988
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
The End of Empires: African Americans and India
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2008
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
The Fire This Time: The Watts Uprising and the 1960s
.
Charlottesville
:
University of Virginia Press
,
1995
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Mau Mau in Harlem? The U.S. and the Liberation of Kenya
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2009
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Race War: White Supremacy and the Japanese Attack on the British Empire
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2004
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2000
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Red Seas: Ferdinand Smith and the Radical Black Sailors in the United States and Jamaica
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2005
.
Horne
,
Gerald
, and
Margaret
Stevens
. “
Shirley Graham Du Bois: Portrait of the Black Woman Artist as a Revolutionary
.” In
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
, ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
95
114
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Horowitz
,
Daniel
.
Betty Friedan and the Making of the Feminine Mystique: The American Left, the Cold War, and Modern Feminism
.
Amherst
:
University of Massachusetts Press
,
1998
.
Howard
,
Walter T
., ed.
Black Communists Speak on Scottsboro
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2009
.
Hudson
,
Hosea
.
Black Worker in the Deep South
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1972
.
Hughes
,
Langston
.
I Wonder as I Wander
.1956. Reprint,
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1993
.
Hunt
,
Lynn
.
Inventing Human Rights: A History
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2007
.
Hunter
,
Tera W
.
To ’Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors after the Civil War
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1997
.
Hunton
,
Dorothy
.
Alphaeus Hunton: The Unsung Valiant
.
New York
:
Eppress Speed Print, n.d
.
Hutchinson
,
Earl Ofari
.
Blacks and Reds: Race and Class in Conflict, 1919–1990
.
East Lansing
:
Michigan State University Press
,
1995
.
Inman
,
Mary
.
In Woman’s Defense
.
Los Angeles
:
Committee to Organize the Advancement of Women
,
1940
.
Issa
,
Kai Jackson
. “
Her Own Book: Autobiographical Practice in the Oral Narratives of Queen Mother Moore.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University
”,
1999
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
.
If I Had a Hammer: . . . The Death of the Old Left and the Birth of the New
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1987
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
. “
Three Generations: Historians View American Communism
.”
Labor History
26
, no.
4
(Fall
1985)
:
517
45
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
.
Which Side Were You On? The American Communist Party during the Second World War
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1982
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
.
This Is My Husband: Fighter for His People, Political Refugee
.
Brooklyn
:
National Committee to Defend Negro Leadership
,
1953
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
, ed.
Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country
.
Boulder, Colo.
:
Westview Press
,
2000
.
Jackson
,
James E.
Jr.
,
Revolutionary Tracings in World Politics and Black Liberation
.
New York
:
International Press
,
1974
.
Jackson
,
Kathryn Alice
. “
Trauma Survivors: Adult Children of McCarthyism and the Smith Act.” Ph.D. diss., Temple University
”,
1991
.
James
,
Joy
. “
Resting in Gardens, Battling in Deserts: Black Women’s Activism
.”
Black Scholar
29
(
1999
):
3
5
.
James
,
Joy
.
Shadowboxing: Representations of Black Feminist Politics
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2000
.
James
,
Winston
. “
Being Red and Black in Jim Crow America: Notes on the Ideology and Travails of Afro-America’s Socialist Pioneers
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
1
, no.
4
(Fall
1999)
:
45
63
.
James
,
Winston
.
Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America
.
London and New York
:
Verso
,
1998
.
Janken
,
Kenneth R
. “
Anticommunism or Anti-Communist Party? A Response to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
69
74
.
Johanningsmeier
,
Edward P
.
Forging American Communism: The Life of William Z. Foster
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Johnson
,
Buzz
. “
I Think of My Mother”: Notes on the Life of Claudia Jones. London: Karia Press
”,
1985
.
Johnson
,
David K
.
The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2004
.
Johnson
,
E. Patrick
.
Appropriating Blackness: Performance and the Politics of Authenticity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2004
.
Jones
,
Claudia
.
Ben Davis, Fighter for Freedom
.
New York
:
New Century Publishers
,
1954
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
The Caribbean in Britain
.”
Freedomways
4
, no.
3
(Summer
1964)
:
341
57
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
An End to the Neglect of the Problem of the Negro Woman!
Political Affairs
28
, no.
6
(June
1949)
:
51
67
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
For New Approaches to Our Work among Women
.”
Political Affairs
27
, no.
8
(August
1948)
:
738
43
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
For the Unity of Women in the Cause of Peace
.”
Political Affairs
30
, no.
2
(February
1951)
:
151
68
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
Foster’s Political and Theoretical Guidance to Our Work among Women
.”
Political Affairs
30
, no.
3
(March
1951)
:
68
78
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
International Women’s Day and the Struggle for Peace
.”
Political Affairs
29
, no.
3
(March
1950)
:
32
45
.
Jones
,
Claudia
.
Jim-Crow in Uniform
.
New York
:
New Age Publishers
,
1940
.
Jones
,
Claudia
.
Lift Every Voice—For Victory!
New York
:
New Age Publishers
,
1942
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
New Problems of the Negro Youth Movement
.”
Clarity
1
, no.
2
(Summer
1940)
:
54
64
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
On the Right to Self-Determination for the Negro People in the Black Belt
.”
Political Affairs
25
, no.
1
(January
1946)
:
67
77
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
The Struggle for Peace in the United States
.”
Political Affairs
31
, no.
2
(February
1952)
:
1
20
.
Jones
,
Jacqueline
.
Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work and the Family, from Slavery to the Present
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1985
.
Jordan
,
June
. “
For Beautiful Mary Brown
.”
Freedomways
11
, no.
2
(1971): 191.
Joseph
, Peniel
E
.
Dark Days, Bright Nights: From Black Power to Barack Obama
.
New York
:
Basic Civitas Books
,
2010
.
Jordan
,
June
.
Waiting ’Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America
.
New York
:
Henry Holt
,
2006
.
Kaiser
,
Ernest
. “
25 Years of Freedomways
.”
Freedomways
25
, no.
3
(Fall
1985)
:
204
15
.
Kamp
,
Marianne
.
The New Woman in Uzbekistan: Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling under Communism
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
,
2006
.
Kaplan
,
Caren
. “
The Politics of Location as Transnational Feminist Critical Practice
.” In
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices
, ed.
Inderpal
Grewal
and
Caren
Kaplan
,
137
52
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Kaplan
,
Judith
, and
Linn
Shapiro
, eds.
Red Diapers: Growing Up in the Communist Left
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1998
.
Keeran
,
Roger
.
The Communist Party and the Autoworkers’ Union
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1980
.
Keeran
,
Roger
. “
National Groups and the Popular Front: The Case of the International Workers
.”
Journal of American Ethnic History
14 (Spring
1995)
:
23
29
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G
. “
‘But a Local Phase of a World Problem’: Black History’s Global Vision, 1883–1950
.”
Journal of American History
86
, no.
3
(December
1999): 1045–77
.
Kelley
,
Robin D
.
Freedom Dreams: The Black Radical Imagination
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2002
.
Kelley
,
Robin D
.
Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1990
.
Kelley
,
Robin D
.
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1994
.
Kelley
,
Robin D
. “
Reconstructing Black (Inter)Nationalism in the Cold War Era
.” In
Is It Nation Time? Contemporary Essays on Black Power and Black Nationalism
, ed.
Eddie
Glaude
,
67
90
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2002
.
Kelley
,
Robin D
.
Yo Mama’s Dysfunktional! Fighting the Cultural Wars in Urban America
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press Books
,
1997
.
Kerber
,
Linda
,
Alice
Kessler-Harris
, and
Kathryn Kish
Sklar
, eds.
U.S. History as Women’s History: New Feminist Essays
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Kimmel
,
Michael S
.
Manhood in America: A Cultural History
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Klehr
,
Harvey
, and
John
Earl Haynes
.
The Soviet World of American Communism
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1998
.
Klehr
,
Harvey
,
John Earl
Haynes
, and
Fridrikh Igorevich
Firsov
, eds.
The Secret World of American Communism
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1995
.
Kollontai
,
Alexandra
.
Red Love
.
New York
:
Seven Arts Publishing Company
,
1927
.
Kornweibel
,
Theodore
.
Seeing Red: Federal Campaigns against Black Militancy, 1919–1925
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1998
.
Korstad
,
Robert Rodgers
.
Civil Rights Unionism: Tobacco Workers and the Struggle for Democracy in the Mid-Twentieth-Century South
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Korstad
,
Robert Rodgers
, and
Nelson
Lichtenstein
. “
Opportunities Found and Lost
”:
Labor
,
Radicals
and
the Early Civil Rights Movement.”
Journal of American History
75
, no.
3
(December
1988)
:
786
811
.
Koven
,
Seth
, and
Sonya
Michel
.
Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origins of Welfare States
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Kruks
,
Sonia
et al
.
Promissory Notes: Women in the Transition to Socialism
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1989
.
Kuumba
,
M. Bahti
.
Gender and Social Movements
.
Walnut Creek, Calif.
:
AltaMira Press
,
2001
.
Landy
,
Avram
.
Marxism and the Woman Question
.
New York
:
Workers Library
,
1943
.
Landy
,
Avram
. “
Two Questions on the Status of Women under Capitalism
.”
Communist
20
, no.
9
(September
1941)
:
818
33
.
Lau
,
Peter F
.
Democracy Rising: South Carolina and the Fight for Black Equality since 1865
.
Lexington
:
University of Kentucky Press
,
2006
.
Laughlin
,
Kathleen A
et al
., “
Is It Time to Jump Ship? Historians Rethink the Waves Metaphor
.”
Feminist Formations
22
, no.
1
(Spring
2010)
:
76
135
.
Lee
,
Chana Kai
.
For Freedom’s Sake: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1999
.
Lewis
,
David L
.
W. E. B. Du Bois: The Biography of a Race, 1868–1919
.
New York
:
Henry Holt and Company
,
1993
.
Lewis
,
David L. W. E. B
.
Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963
.
New York
:
Henry Holt and Company
,
2000
.
Lewis
,
George
.
The White South and the Red Menace: Segregationists, Anticommunism, and Massive Resistance
.
Gainesville
:
University of Florida Press
,
2004
.
Lieberman
,
Robbie
.
The Strangest Dream: Communism, Anti-Communism, and the U.S. Peace Movement, 1945–1963
.
Syracuse
:
Syracuse University Press
,
2001
.
Lieberman
,
Robbie
, and
Clarence
Lang
, eds.
Anticommunism and the African American Freedom Movement: “ Another Side of the Story.” New York: Palgrave Macmillan”
,
2009
.
Lipsitz
,
George
.
Rainbow at Midnight: Labor and Culture in the 1940s
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1994
.
Logan
,
Rayford
.
The Negro in American Life and Thought: The Nadir, 1877–1901
.
New York
:
Dial Press
,
1954
.
Lorde
,
Audre
. “
Prologue
.”
Freedomways
12
, no. 1 (
1972)
:
31
33
.
Lorde
,
Audre
.
Zami: A New Spelling of My Name
.
Freedom, Calif.
:
Crossing Press
,
1982
.
Lubiano
,
Wahneema
. “
Black Nationalism and Common Sense
.” In
The House That Race Built
, ed.
Wahneema
Lubiano
,
232
52
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1998
.
Makalani
,
Minkah
. “
For the Liberation of Black People Everywhere: The African Blood Brotherhood, Black Radicalism, and Pan-African Liberation in the New Negro Movement, 1917–1936.” Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois
”,
2004
.
Malcolm
,
X
.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X
.
New York
:
Ballantine Books
,
1965
.
Marable
,
Manning
.
Race, Reform, and Rebellion: The Second Reconstruction and Beyond in Black America, 1945–2006
.
Jackson
:
University of Mississippi Press
,
2007
.
Marks
,
Carole
.
Farewell, We’re Good and Gone: The Great Black Migration
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1989
.
Marshall
,
Paule
.
Triangular Road: A Memoir
.
New York
:
Basic Civitas
,
2009
.
Martin
,
Charles
.
The Angelo Herndon Case and Southern Justice
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1976
.
Martin
,
Charles
. “
The Civil Rights Congress and Southern Defendants
.”
Georgia Historical Quarterly
71
, no.
1
(Spring
1987)
:
25
52
.
Martin
,
Charles
. “
Internationalizing ‘The American Dilemma’: The Civil Rights Congress and the 1951 Genocide Petition to the United Nations
.”
Journal of American Ethnic History
16
, no.
4
(Summer
1997)
:
35
61
.
Martin
,
Charles
. “
Race, Gender, and Southern Justice: The Rosa Lee Ingram Case
.”
American Journal of Legal History
29
, no. 3 (
1985)
:
251
68
.
Martin
,
Elmer P
., and
Joanne M.
Martin
. “
Thyra Edwards: International Social Worker
.” In
African American Leadership: An Empowerment Tradition in Social Welfare History
, ed.
Iris B.
Carlton-LaNey
,
163
77
.
Washington
:
National Association of Social Workers
,
2001
.
Martin
,
Tony
.
Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1976
.
Martin
,
Tony
, ed.
African Fundamentalism: A Literary and Cultural Anthology of Garvey’s Harlem Renaissance
.
Dover, Mass.
:
Majority Press
,
1983
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Capital: A Critique of Political Economy
. Vol.
1
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
1990
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Capital: A Critique of Political Economy
. Vol.
3
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1991
.
Matusevich
,
Maxim
. “
Journeys of Hope: African Diaspora and the Soviet Union
.”
African Diaspora
1
(
2008)
:
53
85
.
Maxwell
,
William
.
New Negro and Old Left: African American Writing and Communism between the Wars
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1999
.
May
,
Claudia Rosemary
. “
Nuances of Un-American Literature(s): In Search of Claudia Jones; A Literary Retrospective of the Life, Times, and Works of an Activist/Writer.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley
”,
1996
.
May
,
Elaine Tyler
. “
Explosive Issues: Sex, Women, and the Bomb
.” In
Recasting America, Culture and Politics in the Age of the Cold War
, ed.
Lary
May
,
157
70
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1988
.
May
,
Elaine Tyler
.
Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1988
.
May
,
Lary
, ed.
Recasting America: Culture and Politics in the Age of Cold War
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1989
.
May
,
Vanessa
. “
Working in Public and in Private: Domestic Service, Women’s Reform, and the Meaning of the Middle-Class Home in New York City, 1870–1940.” Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia
”,
2007
.
McAdam
,
Doug
. “
Gender as a Mediator of the Activist Tradition: The Case of Freedom Summer
.”
American Journal of Sociology
97
, no.
5
(March
1992
): 1211–40.
McBride
,
Dwight A
. “
Can the Queen Speak? Racial Essentialism, Sexuality and the Problem of Authority
.”
Callaloo
21
, no. 2 (
1998)
:
363
79
.
McClellan
,
Woodford
. “
Africans and Black Americans in the Comintern Schools, 1925–1934
.”
International Journal of African Historical Studies
26
, no. 2 (
1993)
:
371
88
.
McDuffie
,
Erik S
. “
‘I wanted a Communist philosophy, but I wanted us to have a chance to organize our people’: The Diasporic Radicalism of Queen Mother Audley Moore and the Origins of Black Power
.”
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal
3
, no.
2
(July
2010)
:
181
95
.
McDuffie
,
Erik S
. “
Long Journeys: Four Black Women and the Communist Party, USA, 1930–1956.” Ph.D. diss., New York University
”,
2003
.
McDuffie
,
Erik S
. “
The March of Young Southern Black Women: Esther Cooper Jackson, Black Left Feminism, and the Personal Costs of Cold War Repression
.” In
Anticommunism and the African American Freedom Movement: “Another Side of the Story
,” ed.
Robbie
Lieberman
and
Clarence
Lang
,
81
114
.
New York
:
Palgrave
,
2009
.
McDuffie
,
Erik S
. “
A ‘New Freedom Movement of Negro Women’: Sojourning for Truth, Justice, and Human Rights during the Early Cold War
.”
Radical History Review
101
(Spring
2008)
:
81
106
.
McDuffie
,
Erik S
. “
‘[She] Devoted Twenty Minutes Condemning All Other Forms of Government but the Soviet’: Black Women Radicals in the Garvey Movement and in the Left during the 1920s
.” In
Diasporic Africa: A Reader
, ed.
Michael A.
Gomez
,
219
50
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2006
.
McGuire
,
Danielle
. “
‘It Was Like All of Us Had Been Raped’: Sexual Violence, Community Mobilization, and the African American Freedom Struggle
.”
Journal of American History
91
, no.
3
(December
2004)
:
906
31
.
McKay
,
Claude
.
Harlem: Negro Metropolis
.
New York
:
E. P. Dutton and Company
,
1940
.
McKay
,
Claude
.
The Negroes in America
.Trans. from the Russian by Robert J. Winter. Ed. Alan L. McLeod. 1924. Reprint,
Port Washington, N.Y.
:
Kennikat Press
,
1979
.
McNeil
,
Genna Rae
. “
‘Joanne is You and Joanne is Me’”: A Consideration of African American Women and the ‘Free Joan Little’ Movement, 1974–1975
.” In
Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights–Black Power Movement
, ed.
V. P.
Franklin
and
Bettye
Collier-Thomas
,
259
79
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2001
.
McWhorter
,
Diane
.
Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama, the Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
,
2001
.
Meerpool
,
Robert
. “
Carry It Forward
.” In
Red Diapers: Growing Up in the Communist Left
, eds.
Judith
Kaplan
and
Linn
Shapiro
,
210
13
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1998
.
Meriwether
,
James H
.
Proudly We Can Be Africans: Black Americans and Africa, 1935–1961
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2002
.
The Messenger: The World’s Greatest Monthly
. Reprint,
New York
:
Negro University Press
,
1969
.
Millard
,
Betty
.
Woman against Myth
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1948
.
Miller
,
James A
.
Remembering Scottsboro: The Legacy of an Infamous Trial
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2009
.
Miller
,
James A
,
Susan D.
Pennybacker
, and
Eve
Rosenhaft
. “
Mother Ada Wright and the International Campaign to Free the Scottsboro Boys, 1931–1934
.”
American Historical Review
106
, no.
2
(April
2001)
:
387
430
.
Mishler
,
Paul C
.
Raising Reds: The Young Pioneers, Radical Summer Camps, and Communist Political Culture in the United States
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1999
.
Mitchell
,
Dolores
. “
The ‘New Woman’ as Prometheus: Women Artists Depict Women Smoking
.”
Woman’s Art Journal
12
, no.
1
(Spring–Summer
1991)
:
3
9
.
Moallem
,
Minoo
.
Between Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Politics of Patriarchy in Iran
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2005
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra Talpade
.
Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2004
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra
et al
.
Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1991
.
Mollin
,
Marian
.
Radical Pacifism in Modern America: Egalitarianism and Protest
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
2006
.
Moore
,
Audley
.
Why Reparations? Reparations Is the Battle Cry for the Economic and Social Freedom of More Than 25 Million Descendants of American Slaves
.
Los Angeles
:
Reparations Committee Inc.
, n.d.
Mullen
,
Bill V
.
Afro-Orientalism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2006
.
Mullen
,
Bill V
.
Popular Fronts: Chicago and African-American Cultural Politics, 1935–1946
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1999
.
Mutua
,
Athena D
.“
Introduction: Mapping the Contours of Progressive Black Masculinities
.” In
Progressive Black Masculinities
, ed.
Athena D.
Mutua
,
xi
xxviii
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
Mutua
,
Athena D
. “
Theorizing Progressive Black Masculinities
.” In
Progressive Black Masculinities
, ed.
Athena D.
Mutua
,
3
42
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
Nadasen
,
Premilla
.
Welfare Warriors: The Welfare Rights Movement in the United States
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2005
.
Naison
,
Mark
.
Communists in Harlem during the Depression
.
New York
:
Grove Press
,
1983
.
Najmabadi
,
Afsaneh
. “
Gender and Secularism of Modernity: How Can a Muslim Woman Be French?
Feminist Studies
32
, no.
2
(Summer
2006)
:
239
55
.
Nash
,
Michael
, and
Daniel J.
Leab
. “
Freedomways
.”
American Communist History
7
, no.
2
(December
2008)
:
227
37
.
National Negro Congress
, and
A
.
Phillip Randolph
.
Resolutions of the National Negro Congress held in Chicago, Ill
., February 14,
15, 16, 1936
.
Washington
:
The Congress
,
1936
.
Neal
,
Mark Anthony
.
New Black Man
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
The Negro Woman in American Literature
.”
Freedomways
6
, no. 1 (
1966)
:
8
25
.
Nelson
,
Claire Nee
. “
Louise Thompson Patterson and the Roots of the Popular Front
.” In
Women Shaping the South: Creating and Confronting Change
, ed.
Angela
Boswell
and
Judith
N.
McArthur
,
204
28
.
Columbia
:
University of Missouri Press
,
2006
.
Nelson
,
Jennifer
.
Women of Color and the Reproductive Rights Movement
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2003
.
Nesbitt
,
Francis Njubi
.
Race for Sanctions: African Americans against Apartheid
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2004
.
The New Oxford Annotated Bible
,
NRSV
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1994
.
Northrop
,
Douglas
.
Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2004
.
Orleck
,
Annelise
.
Common Sense and a Little Fire: Women and Working-Class Politics in the United States, 1900–1965
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Ottanelli
,
Fraser M
.
The Communist Party of the United States: From the Depression to World War II
.
New Brunswick
,
Rutgers University Press
,
1991
.
Ottley
,
Roi
.
“New World A-Coming”: Inside Black America
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1968
. First published 1943 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Padmore
,
George
.
The Life and Struggles of Negro Toilers
.
London
:
1931
.
Painter
,
Nell Irvin
.
The Narrative of Hosea Hudson: His Life as a Negro Communist in the South
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1979
.
Painter
,
Nell Irvin
. “
Representing Truth: Sojourner Truth’s Knowing and Becoming Known
.”
Journal of American History
81
, no.
2
(September
1994)
:
461
92
.
Palmer
,
Bryan D
.
James P. Cannon and the Origins of the American Revolutionary Left
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2007
.
Parascandola
,
Louis J
. “
Cyril Briggs and the African Blood Brotherhood: A Radical Counterpart to Progressivism
.”
Afro-Americans in New York Life and History
30
, no.
1
(January
2006)
:
7
18
.
Paris
,
Guichard
, and
Lester
Brooks
.
Blacks in the City: A History of the National Urban League
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown and Company
,
1971
.
Parmar
,
Pratihba
, dir.
Place of Rage
.VHS. Women Make Movies,
1991
.
Patai
,
Frances
. “
Heroines of the Good Fight: Testimonies of U.S. Volunteer Nurses in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939
.”
Nursing History Review
3
(
1995)
:
79
104
.
Patterson
,
Tiffany Ruby
.
Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2005
.
Patterson
,
Tiffany Ruby
, and
Robin D. G.
Kelley
. “
Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World
.”
African Studies Review
43
, no.
1
(April
2000)
:
11
45
.
Patterson
,
William L
.
The Man Who Cried Genocide: An Autobiography
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1971
.
Patterson
,
William L
.
We Charge Genocide
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1951
.
Patton
,
Cindy
, and
Benigno
Sánchez-Eppler
, eds.
Queer Diasporas
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Perry
,
Jeffrey B
.
Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883–1918
. Vol.
1
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2009
.
Petry
,
Ann
.
The Street
.
Boston
:
Houghton Mifflin Company
,
1946
.
Pickard
,
Toni
,
Phil
Goldman
,
Renate M.
Mohr
, and
Rosemary
Cairns-Way
.
Dimension of Criminal Law
.
3rd ed. Toronto
:
Emond Montgomery
,
2002
.
Plummer
,
Brenda Gayle
.
Rising Wind: Black Americans and U.S. Foreign Affairs, 1935–1960
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Ponce
,
Martin Joseph
. “
Langston Hughes’s Queer Blues
.”
Modern Language Quarterly
66
, no.
4
(December
2005)
:
505
37
.
Power of the Word
1, no.
2
(
March–May
2001
).
Prashard
,
Vijay
.
The Darker Nations: A People’s History of the Third World
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2007
.
Rabinowitz
,
Paula
.
Labor and Desire: Women’s Revolutionary Fiction in Depression America
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1991
.
Rampersad
,
Arnold
.
The Life of Langston Hughes
. Vol.
1
, 1902–1941, I, Too, Sing America.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1986
.
Ransby
,
Barbara
.
Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement: A Radical Democratic Vision
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Ransby
,
Barbara
. “
Black Feminism at Twenty-One: Reflections on the Evolution of a National Community
,”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
25
, no.
4
(Summer
2000): 1215–21
.
Richards
,
Johnetta
. “
The Southern Negro Youth Congress: A History.” Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati
”,
1987
.
Richards
,
Yevette
.
Maida Springer: Pan Africanist and International Labor Leader
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
2000
.
Richardson
,
Beulah
. “
A Black Woman Speaks of White Womanhood, of White Supremacy, of Peace.” New York: American Women for Peace
”,
1951
.
Rief
,
Michelle M
. “
Thinking Locally, Acting Globally: The International Agenda of African American Clubwomen, 1880–1940
.”
Journal of African American History
89
, no.
3
(Summer
2004)
:
203
22
.
Rise
,
Eric
.
The Martinsville Seven: Race, Rape, and Capital Punishment
.
Charlottesville
:
University of Virginia Press
,
1995
.
Robinson
,
Cedric
.
Black Marxism: The Making of the Black Radical Tradition
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
Robinson
,
Nancy Marie
.
Christian Sisterhood, Race Relations, and the YWCA, 1906–1946
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2007
.
Robnett
,
Belinda
.
How Long? How Long? African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Roediger
,
David R
.
How Race Survived the U.S. History from Settlement and Slavery to the Obama Phenomenon
.
London
:
Verso
,
2008
.
Roediger
,
David R
.
Wages of Whiteness: Race and Making of the American Working Class
. Rev. ed.
New York
:
Verso
,
1999
.
Rolinson
,
Mary G
.
Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920–1927
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2007
.
Rosengarten
,
Theodore
.
All God’s Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
1974
.
Roth
,
Benita
.
Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America’s Second Wave
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2004
.
Rupp, Leila J.
Worlds of Women: The Making of an International Women’s Movement
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1997
.
Rupp
,
Leila J
., and
Verta
Taylor
.
Survival in the Doldrums: The American Women’s Rights Movement, 1945 to the 1960s
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Rupp
,
Leila J
. “
Forging Feminist Identity in an International Movement: A Collective Identity Approach to Twentieth Century Feminism
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
24
, no.
2
(Winter
1999)
:
363
86
.
Rzeszutek
,
Sara E
. “
‘All those rosy dreams we cherish’: James Jackson and Esther Cooper’s Marriage on the Front Lines of the Double Victory
.”
American Communist History
7
, no.
2
(December
2008)
:
211
25
.
Sabin
,
Arthur J
.
Red Scare in Court: New York versus the International Workers Order
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1993
.
Sahadeo
,
Jeff
.
Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, 1865–1923
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2007
.
Said
,
Edward W
.
Orientalism
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1978
.
Sandoval
,
Chela
.
Methodology of the Oppressed
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2000
.
Saunders
,
Patricia J
. “
Woman Overboard: The Perils of Sailing the Black Atlantic, Deportation with Prejudice
.”
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism
28
, no.
1
(March
2009)
:
203
17
.
Scharf
,
Lois
, and
Joan M.
Jensen
, eds.
Decades of Discontent: The Women’s Movement, 1920–1940
.Rev. ed.
Boston
:
Northeastern University Press
,
1987
.
Scharfman
,
Rachel
. “
On Common Ground: Freethought and Radical Politics in New York City
”, 1890–1917.” Ph.D. diss., New York University,
2005
.
Schrecker
,
Ellen
.
Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1998
.
Schrecker
,
Ellen
, and
Maurice
Isserman
. “
The Right’s Cold War Revision: Current Espionage Fears Have Given New Life to Liberal Anticommunism
.”
Nation
(24–31 July
2000)
:
23
24
.
Schwarz
,
A. B. Christa
.
Gay Voices of the Harlem Renaissance
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2003
.
Scott
,
Della
. “
An Interview with Esther Jackson
.”
Abafazi: The Simmons College Journal of Women of African Descent
9
, no.
1
(Fall/Winter
1998)
:
2
9
.
Scott
,
William R
.
The Sons of Sheba’s Race: African-Americans and the Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935–1941
.
Bloomington
:
University of Indiana Press
,
1993
.
Sergrave
,
Kerry
.
Women and Smoking in America, 1880–1950
.
Jefferson, N.C.
:
McFarland and Company
,
2005
.
Sernett
,
Milton C
.
Harriet Tubman: Myth, Memory, and History
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Shakur
,
Assata
.
Assata: An Autobiography
.
Chicago
:
Lawrence Hill Books
,
1987
.
Shapiro
,
Linn
. “
Red Feminism: American Communism and the Women’s Rights Tradition, 1919–1956.” Ph.D. diss., American University
”,
1996
.
Shaw
,
Stephanie J
.
What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1996
.
Sherwood
,
Marika
.
Claudia Jones: A Life in Exile
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1999
.
Singh
,
Nikhil Pal
.
Black Is a Country: Race and the Unfinished Struggle for Democracy
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2004
.
Smethurst
,
James Edward
.
The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2005
.
Smith
,
Barbara
. “
Black Women in Film Symposium
.”
Freedomways
14
, no. 3 (
1974)
:
266
69
.
Smith
,
Jessica
.
Women in Soviet Russia
.
New York
:
Vanguard Press
,
1928
.
Solomon
,
Mark
.
The Cry Was Unity: Communists and African Americans, 1917–1936
.
Jackson
:
University Press of Mississippi
,
1998
.
Solomon
,
Mark
. “
Recovering a Lost Legacy: Black Women Radicals; Maude White and Louise Thompson Patterson
.”
Abafazi
(Fall/Winter
1995)
:
6
13
.
Somerville
,
Siobhan B
.
Queering the Color Line: Race and the Invention of Homosexuality in American Culture
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Sowinska
,
Suzanne
. “
American Women Writers and the Radical Agenda, 1925–1940.” Ph.D. diss., University of Washington
”,
1992
.
Springer
,
Kimberly
.
Living for the Revolution: Black Feminist Organizations, 1968–1980
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Stansell
,
Christine
.
American Moderns: Bohemian New York and the Creation of a New Century
.
New York
:
Metropolitan Books
,
2000
.
Stein
,
Judith
.
The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1986
.
Stephens
,
Michelle Ann
.
Black Empire: The Masculine Global Imaginary of Caribbean Intellectuals in the United States, 1914–1962
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Storch
,
Randi
.
Red Chicago: American Communism at Its Grassroots, 1928–35
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2007
.
Storrs
,
Landon
. “
Left-Feminism, the Consumer Movement, and Red Scare Politics in the United States, 1935–1960
.”
Journal of Women’s History
18
, no. 3 (
2006)
:
40
67
.
Storrs
,
Landon
. “
Red Scare Politics and the Suppression of Popular Front Feminism: The Loyalty Investigation of Mary Dublin Keyserling
.”
Journal of American History
90
, no.
2
(September
2003)
:
491
524
.
Streater
,
John B
. “
The National Negro Congress
”,
1936–1947.” Ph.D. diss., University of Cincinnati
,
1981
.
Strong
,
Anna Louise
.
I Change Worlds: The Remaking of an American
.
New York
:
Henry Holt
,
1935
.
Strong
,
Augusta
. “
Southern Youth’s Proud Heritage
.”
Freedomways
4
, no. 1 (
1964)
:
35
50
.
Sullivan
,
Patricia
. Days of Hope: Race and Democracy in the New Deal Era
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Swerdlow
,
Amy
. “
The Congress of American Women: Left-Feminist Peace Politics in the Cold War
.” In
U.S. History as Women’s History
, ed.
Linda K.
Kerber
,
Alice
Kessler-Harris
, and
Kathryn Kish
Sklar
,
296
312
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Swerdlow
,
Amy
.
Women Strike for Peace: Traditional Motherhood and Radical Politics in the 1960s
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Tarrow
,
Sidney
.
Power in Movement: Social Movement and Contentious Politics
.2nd ed.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1998
.
Taylor
,
Ula Y
. “
Street Strollers: Grounding the Theory of Black Women Intellectuals
.”
Afro-Americans in New York Life and History
30
, no.
2
(July
2006)
:
153
71
.
Taylor
,
Ula Y
.
The Veiled Garvey: The Life and Times of Amy Jacques Garvey
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2002
.
Taylor
,
Verta
. “
Social Movement Continuity: The Women’s Movement in Abeyance
.”
American Sociological Review
54 (October
1989)
:
761
75
.
Taylor
,
Verta
, and
Nancy E.
Whittier
. “
Collective Identity in Social Movement Communities: Lesbian Feminist Mobilizations
.” In
Frontiers in Social Movement Theory
, ed.
Aldon D.
Morris
and
Carol McClurg
Mueller
,
104
29
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1992
.
Terborg-Penn
,
Rosalyn
, and
Andrea
Benton Rushing
, eds.
Women in Africa and the African Diaspora
.2nd ed.
Washington
:
Howard University Press
,
1996
.
Terrell
,
Mary Church
.
A Colored Woman in a White World
.
Washington
:
National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, Inc
.,
1968
.
Theoharis
,
Jeanne
, and
Komozi
Woodard
, eds.
Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940–1980
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2003
.
Thomas
,
Hugh
.
The Spanish Civil War
.
New York
:
Harper and Brothers
,
1961
.
Thompson
,
Louise
. “
And So We Marched
.”
Working Woman
(June
1933)
:
6
.
Thompson
,
Louise
. “
My Southern Terror
.”
The Crisis
(November
1934)
:
327
28
.
Thompson
,
Louise
. “
Negro Women in Our Party
.”
Party Organizer
10 (August
1937)
:
25
27
.
Thompson
,
Louise
. “
Toward a Brighter Dawn
.”
Woman Today
(April
1936)
:
14
,
30
.
Trotter
,
Joe William
, ed.
The Great Migration in Historical Perspective: New Dimensions of Race, Class, and Gender
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1991
.
Turner
,
Joyce Moore
.
Caribbean Crusaders and the Harlem Renaissance
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2005
.
Turner
,
Joyce Moore
, and
W. Bughardt
Turner
, eds.
Richard B. Moore: Caribbean Militant in Harlem
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1988
.
Tyson
,
Jennifer
,
Claudia Jones, 1915–1964: A Woman of Our Times
.
London
:
Black Sister Publications
,
1988
.
Valk
,
Anne M
.
Radical Sisters: Second Wave Feminism and Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2008
.
Vogel
,
Lise
.
Marxism and the Oppression of Women: Toward a Unitary Theory
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1983
.
Vogel
,
Shane
. “
Closing Time: Langston Hughes and the Queer Poetics of Harlem Nightlife
.”
Criticism
48
, no.
3
(Summer
2006)
:
397
425
.
Von Eschen
,
Penny
.
Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
Wald
,
Alan M
.
Trinity of Passion: The Literary Left and the Antifascist Crusade
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2007
.
Walker
,
Alice
. “
The Abduction of Saints
.”
Freedomways
15
, no. 4 (
1975)
:
266
67
.
Walker
,
Alice
. “
Facing the Way
.”
Freedomways
15
, no.
4
(1
975)
:
265
.
Walker
,
Alice
. “
Rock Eagle
.”
Freedomways
11
, no. 4 (
1971)
:
367
.
Walker
,
Cheryl
. Women and Resistance in South Africa
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1982
.
Walker
,
Thomas J. E
.
Pluralistic Fraternity: The History of the International Worker’s Order
.
New York
:
Garland Publishing
,
1991
.
Wall
,
Cheryl
.
Women of the Harlem Renaissance
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1995
.
Ward
,
Stephen
. “
The Third World Women’s Alliance: Black Feminist Radicalism and Black Power Radicalism
.” In
The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights–Black Power Era
, ed.
Peniel E.
Joseph
,
119
44
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
Ware
,
Caroline F
.
The Consumer Goes to War: A Guide on Victory on the Home Front
.
New York
:
Funk and Wagnalls
,
1942
.
Ware
,
Susan
.
Holding Their Own: American Women in the 1930s
.
Boston
:
Twayne Publishers
,
1982
.
Washington
,
Mary Helen
. “
Alice Childress, Lorraine Hansberry, and Claudia Jones: Black Women Write the Popular Front
.” In
Left of the Color Line: Race, Radicalism, and Twentieth Century Literature of the United States
, ed.
Bill V.
Mullen
and
James
Smethurst
,
183
204
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2003
.
Watkins-Ownes
,
Irma
.
Blood Relations: Caribbean Immigrants and the Harlem Community, 1900–1930
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1996
.
Watts
,
Jill
.
God, Harlem U.S.A.: The Father Divine Story
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1992
.
Weigand
,
Kate
.
Red Feminism: American Communism and the Making of Women’s Liberation
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2001
.
Welch
,
Rebeccah E
. “
Gender and Power in the Black Diaspora: Radical Women of Color and the Cold War
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
5
, no.
3
(Summer
2003)
:
71
82
.
Welch
,
Rebeccah E
. “
Spokesman of the Oppressed? Lorraine Hansberry at Work: The Challenge of Radical Politics in the Postwar Era
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
9
, no.
4
(October
2007)
:
302
19
.
West
,
Michael O
,
William G.
Martin
, and
Fanon Che
Wilkins
, eds.
From Touissant to Tupac: The Black International since the Age of Revolution
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2009
.
Westad
,
Odd Arne
.
The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2005
.
White
,
Deborah Gray
.
Too Heavy a Load: Black Women in Defense of Themselves, 1894–1994
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
1999
.
White
,
E. Frances
. “
Africa on My Mind: Gender, Counterdiscourse, and African American Nationalism
.”
Journal of Women’s History
2
, no.
1
(Spring
1990)
:
73
97
.
White
,
E. Dark
Continent of Our Bodies: Black Feminism and the Politics of Respectability
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2001
.
White
,
Maude
. “
Special Negro Demands
.”
Labor Unity
7
, no.
5
(May
1932)
:
11
.
Wilkins
,
Fanon Che
. “
Beyond Bandung: The Critical Nationalism of Lorraine Hansberry, 1950–1965
.”
Radical History Review
95 (Spring
2006)
:
191
210
.
Williams
,
Rhonda M
. “
Living at the Crossroads: Explorations in Race, Nationality, Sexuality, and Gender
.”
The House That Race Built
, ed.
Wahneema
Lubiano
,
136
56
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1998
.
Williams
,
Rhonda Y
.
Politics of Public Housing: Black Women’s Struggles against Urban Inequality
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2004
.
Wilson
,
Bobby M
.
America’s Johannesburg: Industrialization and Racial Transformation in Birmingham
.
Lanham, Md.
:
Rowman and Littlefield Publishers
,
2000
.
Winter
,
Ella
.
Red Virtue: Human Relationships in the New Russia
.
New York
:
Harcourt, Brace, and Company
,
1933
.
Wise
,
Tim
.
Colorblind: The Rise of Post-Racial Politics and the Retreat from Racial Equity
.
San Francisco
:
City Lights Books
,
2010
.
Wolcott
,
Victoria W
.
Remaking Respectability: African American Women in Interwar Detroit
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2001
.
Wolters
,
Raymond
.
Negroes and the Great Depression: The Problem of Economic Recovery
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Publishers
,
1970
.
Woodard, Komozi
.
A Nation within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Black Power Politics
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1999
.
Woods
,
Jeff
,
Black
Struggle
,
Red Scare: Segregation and Anti-Communism, 1948–1968
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
2004
.
Wright
,
Richard
.
Black Power: A Record of Reactions in a Land of Pathos
.
New York
:
Harper Perennial
,
1995
.
Yates
,
James
.
Mississippi to Madrid: Memoir of a Black American in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
.
Seattle
:
Open Hand Publishing
,
1989
.
Young
,
Cynthia A
.
Soul Power: Culture, Radicalism, and the Making of a U.S. Third World Left
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Zieger
,
Robert H
.
The CIO, 1935–1955
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

The bibliography is divided into five sections: Manuscript and Photograph Collections; Periodicals and Publications Consulted; Oral Histories and Interviews; Web Sites; and Books, Articles, Other Texts, and Films.
American League for Peace and Democracy Collected Records Swarthmore College Peace Collection
,
McCabe Library
,
Swarthmore, Pa
.
American West Indian Ladies Aid Society Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
,
New York Public Library
.
Bailey-Thurman Family Papers
.
Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University , Atlanta
.
Baker
,
Ella J
.,
Papers
.
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Bass
,
Charlotta
, miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Beal, Frances, Papers.
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington
.
Bethune
,
Mary McCleod
,
Papers, Parts 1–3 (microfilm
)(
Bethesda, Md.
:
University Publications of America, ca
.
1996
).
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana
.
Birmingham World
Office Files.
Department of Archives, Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Black Power Movement, The. Part 3, Papers of the Revolutionary Action Movement
,
1962
–1996
(microfilm
)(
Bethesda, Md.
:
LexisNexis
,
2002
).University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana.
Browder, Earl, Papers
.Library of Congress Manuscript Division,Washington.
Brown
,
Egbert Ethelred
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,New York Public Library.
Burnham
,
Dorothy
,
Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
Burnham
,
Louis E
.,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Burroughs
,
Williana
,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Campbell
,
Grace P
.,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Casimir
,
J. R
.,
Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Childress
,
Alice
,
miscellaneous files.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
Washington
.
Civil Rights Congress Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
,New York Public Library.
Communism Collection. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass
.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:
Biographical Files on Communist Activists and Leaders
.
Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library
,New York University.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:James W. Ford Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Communist Party of the United States of America Records
:
Mass Leaders and Organizations Subject Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Congregational Education Society Records
,
1816
1956
.Congregational Library,Boston.
Connor
,
Eugene
Bull,” Papers. Department of Archives
,Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Cooper
,
Esther I
.,
Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center
,
Howard University
,
Washington
.
Crawford
, Matt
N
., and
Evelyn
Graves
,Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University,Atlanta.
Daily Worker/Daily World
Photographs Collection. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Davis
,
Angela
,
Legal Defense Collection,
1970
–1972.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Davis
,
Benjamin J
.,Jr., Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Draper
,
Theodore
,Papers. Hoover Institute on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University.
Dreiser
,
Theodore
,Papers. Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Van Pelt-Dietrich Library, University of Pennsylvania.
Du
Bois, Shirley Graham
,Papers. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library, Radcliff College on the History of Women in America, Cambridge, Mass.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B
.,
Papers of (microfilm)
.
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library
,
Urbana
.
Edwards
,
Thyra
,Papers. Chicago History Museum.
Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Women’s Clubs Records, Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati
.
Federal Surveillance of Afro-Americans
(
1917
–1925):
The First World War, the Red Scare, and the Garvey Movement (microform) (Frederick, Md.
:
University Publications of America
,
1985
).
University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library
,
Urbana
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
,
Papers
.
Reference Center for Marxist Studies
,
New York
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
,Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Green
,
Cooper
,Papers. Department of Archives, Birmingham Public Library, Birmingham, Ala.
Hudson
,
Hosea
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Hughes, Langston, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Hughes, Langston, Papers. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
.
Huiswoud
,
Hermina Dumont
,Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Hunton, W. Alphaeus, miscellaneous files
. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
Hunton
,
William Alphaeus
,Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
International Labor Defense Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
International Workers Order Records. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y
.
International Workers Organization Vertical Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Jackson, Esther Cooper, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Jackson, Esther, and James, Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
Jackson
,
James E
.,Jr., miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation,Washington.
Jackson
,
James E
., and
Esther Cooper Jackson Papers.
Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University. I first accessed the Jackson Papers at New York University before they were reorganized in 2007. All materials accessed after this date are referenced as Jackson Papers
2007
.
Jefferson School of Social Science Papers
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Johnson
,
Howard
Stretch,” Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University
”.
Jones
,
Claudia
,
Memorial Collection. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Jones, Claudia, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Jones
,
Claudia/Marika
Sherwood Research Collections. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Kaufman, Mary Metlay, Papers. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass
.
Klehr
,
Harvey
,
Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta
.
LaGuardia, Fiorello H., Papers. Municipal Archives of the City of New York
.
League of Struggle for Negro Rights, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Massiah, Louis, Personal Collection. Philadelphia
.
Michelson
,
Clarina
,
Papers. Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University
.
Moon
,
Henry Lee
,
Family Papers, Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland
.
Moore
,
Audley
,
miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Moore
,
Richard
,
Papers. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
.
Naison
,
Mark D
.,
Personal Collection. Brooklyn
.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Papers. Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington
.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, part 6
:
The Scottsboro Case
,
1931
–1950,Papers (microfilm). University of Illinois, History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library, Urbana.
National Committee for Defense of Political Prisoners Vertical Files. Tamiment Library and Robert F
.Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
National Council of Negro Women Records
.Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington.
National Negro Congress, miscellaneous files
.Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
National Negro Congress Papers
.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
National Negro Congress Vertical Files
.Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
National Park Service, Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site, National Archives for Black Women’s History, National Council of Negro Women Records, Washington
.
National Republic Records
.Hoover Institute on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University.
Patterson, Louise Thompson, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Patterson
,
Louise Thompson
, Papers. Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library, Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University, Atlanta. I first accessed the LTP Papers before they were reorganized in September 2002. All materials accessed after this date are referenced as LTP Papers
2002
.
Patterson, Louise Thompson, Vertical Files. Reference Center for Marxist Studies, New York
.
Patterson, William L., miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Patterson
,
William
,Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington.
Records of the Communist Party of the United States of America (microfilm copies of Russian State Archive of Social and Political History Fond 515, Opis 1
).Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington.
Richardson
,
Beulah
,miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington.
Russian State Archives (RA). Library of Congress European Reading Room, Washington
.
The Russian State Archive of Social and Political History (RGASPI) refers to documents catalogued by Fond, the number of the collection; Opis, the subseries within the Fond; Delo, the individual file; and List, the document page. The archive uses the four terms in sequence to reference documents. All materials from the archive referred to in this study follow the sequence Fond/Opis/Delo/List after the letters RA, for the Russian State Archive. For example, RA 495/72/144/39–40 refers to Russian State Archive Fond 495, Opis 72, Delo 144, List (pages)
39
40
.
The collections used in this study are as follows
:
International Women’s Committee against War and Fascism
Sojourners for Truth and Justice, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Southern Negro Youth Congress, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Southern Negro Youth Congress Papers
.Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University,Washington.
Strong
,
Edward E
.,
Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
,Washington.
Terrell
,
Mary Church
,Papers. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University,Washington.
UNIA Central Division Records
,
1918
1959
.Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library.
Warner
, Thomas
O
.,
Personal Collection.
Philadelphia.
West
,
Dorothy
,Papers. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library, Radcliff College on the History of Women in America, Cambridge, Mass.
Wood
, L.
Hollingsworth
,
Papers. Special Collections
, Haverford College, Haverford, Pa.
World Federation of Democratic Youth, miscellaneous files. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
.
Wright
,
Richard
,Papers. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.

Periodicals and Publications Consulted

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
U.S. Fourteenth Census, 1920
PUBLICATIONS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY, USA AND RELATED ORGANIZATIONS
Communist (superseded by Political Affairs)
Daily Worker
Daily World
Fraternal Outlook
Labor Unity
Negro Affairs Quarterly
Negro Champion (superseded by The Liberator, The Negro Liberator,
The Harlem Liberator) Negro History Bulletin
Negro Worker
New Masses
New Order
Party Builder
People’s Weekly World
Spotlight
Sunday Worker
Woman Today
Working Woman
Young Communist Review
OTHER NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES
Atlanta Daily World
Baltimore Afro-American
Birmingham
Age-Herald
Birmingham
World
California Eagle
Cavalcade
Chicago Defender
Chicago Tribune
Congress Vue (superseded by Congress View)
The Crisis
The Crusader
Freedom
The Messenger
Nation
Negro History Bulletin
Negro World
New York Age
New York Amsterdam News
New York Times
People’s Voice
Pittsburgh
Courier
Power of the Word, www.afrikapoetrytheatre.com
Savannah Tribune
Washington Post
West Indian-American

Oral Histories and Interviews

Ahmad
,
Muhammad
(Max Stanford Jr.). Interview by author, 12 June
2006
.Philadelphia.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
. Telephone interview by author, 10 April
2009
.
Beal
,
Frances
. Interview by author, 12 September
2006
.Oakland, Calif.
Berry
,
Abner
. Interview by Mark Naison, 5 July
1977
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Berry
,
Abner
. Interviews by Mark Naison, 20 November
1973
,29 July
1974
.New York. Mark Naison Personal Collection, transcript in author’s possession.
Blakely
,
Delois
. Interview by author, 24 January
2002
.New York.
Bond
,
Jean Carey
. Interview by author, 9 November
2001
.New York.
Bonosky
,
Phillip
. Interview by author, 11 June
1998
.New York.
Bracey
,
H. John
Jr.
, Telephone interview by author, 10 January
2009
.
Burnham
,
Dorothy
. Interviews by author, 11 June
1998
,10 April
1999
,and 26 September
2001
.Brooklyn.
Burnham
,
Linda
. Interviews by author, 21 June
1998
,12 September
2006
.Chicago; Oakland, Calif.
Burnham
,
Margaret
. Telephone interview by author, 30 April
2008
.
Burroughs
,
Margaret Taylor Goss
. Interview by author, 26 February
2003
.New York.
Cooke
,
Marvel
. Interviews by author, 1 April
1998
,11 June
1998
.New York.
Crawford
,
Evelyn Louise
. Telephone interview by author, 11 July
2005
.
Crawford
,
William
, and
Miriam
Crawford
. Interview by author, 12 March
1998
.Philadelphia.
Daughtry
,
Reverend Karen Smith
. Telephone interview by author, 4 June
2007
.
Davis
,
Ossie
, and
Ruby
Dee
. Interview by author, 5 December
2001
.New Rochelle, N.Y.
Flory
,
Ishmael
, and
Cathern
Davis
. Interview by author, 17 September
2003
.Chicago.
Gordon
,
Lottie
. Interviews by author, 2 April
1998
,11 June
1998
.New York.
Guy
,
Rosa
. Interview by author, 19 February
2005
.New York.
Hall
,
Sylvia Thompson
. Interview by author, 18 February
2006
.New York.
Hunton
,
Dorothy
. Interview by Louis Massiah, 28 May
1992
.W. E. B. Du Bois Film Project, Philadelphia.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
. Telephone interviews by author, 17 November
2002
,10 April
2003
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
, and
James
Jackson
. Interviews by author, 2 April
1998
,13 August
1998
,10 April
1999
,7 December
2003
.Brooklyn.
Jackson
,
James
, and
Esther
Cooper Jackson
. Interview by Louis Massiah, 2 June
1992
.W. E. B. Du Bois Film Project, Philadelphia.
Levy
,
Builder
. Interview by author, 7 March
2002
.New York.
Kaiser
,
Ernest
. Interview by author, 26 September
2001
.New York.
Katz
,
Maude White
. Interview by Ruth Prago, 18 December
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
M’Balia
,
Shafeah
. Telephone interview by author, 14 September
2006
.
Meriwether
,
Louise
. Interview by author, 10 January
2005
.New York.
Mitchell
,
Charlene
. Interview by author, 10 April
1999
.New York.
Monteiro
,
Anthony
. Interview by author, 11 June
2006
.Philadelphia.
Moore
,
Audley
Queen Mother.” Interview by Mark Naison, 3 May
1972
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Moore
,
Audley
Queen Mother. Interview by Ruth Prago, 23 December
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Series I, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Muhammad
,
Saladin
. Telephone interview by author, 31 August
2006
.
Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
O’Reilly
,
Salaria Kea
[sic]. Interview by John Gerassi, 7 June
1980
.John Gerassi Oral History Collection, ALBA Audio 18, Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Bobst Library, New York University.
Patterson
,
Louise
. Interview by Ruth Prago, 16 November
1981
.Oral History Project of the American Left, Tamiment Library, Bobst Library, New York University.
Patterson
,
MaryLouise
. Interview by author, 1 April
1998
,New York.
Patterson
,
MaryLouise
, and
Belle
Herman
. Interview by author, 16 November
1997
,New York.
Perkins
,
Thelma Dale
. Telephone interview by author, 11 July
2006
Pinkard
,
Janet (Ginger)
. Telephone interview by author, 15 September
2002
.
Sanchez
,
Sonia
. Telephone interview by author, 12 January
2009
.
Smith
,
Barbara
. Telephone interview by author, 18 April
2009
.
Solomon
,
Mark
. Telephone interview by author, 24 May
2006
.
Taylor-Strong
,
Phyllis
. Telephone interview by author, 4 April
2008
.
Umoja
,
Akinyele
. Telephone interview by author, 24 August
2006
.
Warner
,
Thomas O
. Interview by author, 18 January
2002
,Philadelphia.

Web Sites

The International People’s College. “Home Page.”
United Nations.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
,
1948
. www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/eng.htm.

Books, Articles, Other Texts, and Films

Adi
,
Hakim
. “
Pan-Africanism and Communism: The Comintern, the ‘Negro Question’ and the First International Conference of Negro Workers, Hamburg
,
1930
.”
African and Black Diaspora: An International Journal
1
, no.
2
(July
2008)
:
237
54
.
Adi
,
Hakim
, and
Marika
Sherwood
.
The 1945 Manchester Pan-African Congress Revisited
.
London
:
New Beacon Books
,
1995
.
Ahmad
,
Muhammad
(Maxwell Stanford Jr.).
We Will Return in the Whirlwind: Black Radical Organizations, 1960–1975
.
Chicago
:
Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company
,
2007
.
Aidoo
,
Agnes Akosua
. “
Asante Queen Mothers in Government and Politics in the Nineteenth Century
.” In
The Black Woman Cross-Culturally
, ed.
Filomina
Chioma
Steady
,
65
77
.
Rochester, Vt.
:
Schenkman Books
,
1981
.
Alexander
,
M. Jacqui
, and
Chandra
Talpade Mohanty
, eds.
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Allen
,
James S
., and
Philip
Foner
, eds.
American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1919–1929
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1987
.
Anderson
,
Carol
. “
The Brother in Black Is Always Told to Wait”: The Communist Party, African American Anticommunism, and the Prioritization of Black Equality—A Reply to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
,no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
65
68
.
Anderson
,
Carol
.
Eyes off the Prize: The United Nations and the African American Struggle for Human Rights
,
1944
–1955.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2003
.
Anderson
,
Karen Tucker
.
Wartime Women: Sex Roles, Family Relations, and the Status of Women during World War II.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1981
.
Anderson
,
Mary
. “
The Plight of Negro Domestic Labor
.”
Journal of Negro Education
5
, no.
1
(January
1936)
:
66
72
.
Anthony
,
David Henry
III.
Max Yergan: Race Man, Internationalist, Cold Warrior
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2006
.
Antler
,
Joyce
. “
Between Culture and Politics: The Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Clubs and the Promulgation of Women’s History, 1944–1989
.” In
U.S. History as Women’s History: New Feminist Essays
, ed.
Linda K.
Kerber
,
Alice
Kessler-Harris
, and
Kathryn Kish
Sklar
,
265
312
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1995
.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
.
Intimate Politics: How I Grew Up Red, Fought for Free Speech, and Became a Feminist Rebel
.
Emeryville, Calif.
:
Seal Press
,
2006
.
Aptheker
,
Bettina
.
The Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis
.2nd ed.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1997
.
Arnesen
,
Eric
. “
‘No Graver Danger’: Black Anticommunism, the Communist Party, and the Race Question
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
13
52
.
Arnesen
,
Eric
. “
The Red and the Black: Reflections on the Responses to ‘No Graver Danger.’
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
75
79
.
August
,
Bob
. “
Salaria Kea [sic] and John O’Reilly: Volunteers Who Met and Wed in Spain
.”
Cleveland Magazine
(
1975
).
Baker
,
Ella
, and
Marvel
Cooke
. “
The Bronx Slave Market
.”
Crisis
42
(November
1935)
: 330–31, 340.
Baldwin
,
Davarian
.
Chicago’s New Negroes: Modernity, the Great Migration, and Black Urban Life
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2007
.
Baldwin
,
Kate A
.
Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading Encounters between Black and Red, 1922–1963.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Bambara
,
Toni Cade
, ed.
The Black Woman: An Anthology
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2005
.
Barber
,
Lucy Grace
. “
Marches on Washington, 1894–1963: National Political Demonstrations and American Political Culture.” Ph.D. diss., Brown University
”,
1996
.
Barrett
,
James R
. “
Was the Personal Political? Reading the Autobiography of American Communism
.”
International Review of Social History
53
, no.
3
(December
2008)
:
395
423
.
James
R
,
William
Z
.
Foster and the Tragedy of American Radicalism.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1999
.
Barton
,
Ann
. “
Revolt of the Housewives
.”
New Masses
(18 June
1935)
:
18
19
.
Baxter
,
John
Jr.
National Negro Congress, 1936–1947.” Ph.D., diss., University of Cincinnati
”,
1981
.
Beal
,
Frances
. “
Double Jeopardy: To Be Black and Female
.” In
The Black Woman: An Anthology
,ed.
Toni Cade
Bambara
,
109
22
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2005
.
Bebel
,
August
.
Woman under Socialism
.
New York
:
Schocken Books
,
1971
.
Belknap
,
Michael R
.
Cold War Political Justice: The Smith Act, the Communist Party, and American Civil Liberties. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press,
1977
.
Berg
,
Manfred
. “
The Ticket to Freedom”: The NAACP and the Struggle for Black Political Integration. Gainesville: University of Florida Press
”,
2005
.
Berry
,
Faith
.
Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill and Company
,
1983
.
Biondi
,
Martha
. “
Response to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
59
63
.
Biondi
,
Martha
. “
The Rise of the Reparations Movement
.”
Radical History Review
87
(Fall
2003)
:
5
18
.
Biondi
,
Martha
.
To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York City.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2003
.
Black Scholar Interviews: Queen Mother Moore
.”
Black Scholar
4
(March-April
1973)
:
47
55
.
Blakely
,
Allison
.
Russia and the Negro: Blacks in Russian History and Thought
.
Washington
:
Howard University Press
,
1986
.
Bloor
,
Ella Reeve
.
We Are Many: An Autobiography
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1940
.
Bloor
,
Ella Reeve
, and
Elizabeth
Gurley Flynn
. “
Women in the National Front against Hitler
.”
Communist
10
, no.20 (October
1941)
:
897
909
.
Bogues
,
Anthony
.
Black Heretics, Black Prophets: Radical Political Intellectuals.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Boris
,
Eileen
.
Home to Work: Motherhood and the Politics of Industrial Homework in the United States.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1994
.
Boris
,
Eileen
. “
The Power of Motherhood: Black and White Activist Women Redefine the ‘Political.’” In
Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origin of Welfare States
, ed.
Seth
Koven
and
Sonya
Michel
,
213
45
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Borkenau
,
Franz
.
World Communism: A History of the Communist International
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
1962
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
.
Black Women, Writing and Identity: Migrations of the Subject
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
. “
Deportable Subjects: U.S. Immigration Laws and the Criminalizing of Communism
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
100
, no.
4
(Fall
2001)
:
949
66
.
Boyce
Davies,
Carole
.
Left of Karl Marx: The Political Life of Black Communist Claudia Jones
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Boyce Davies
,
Carole
. “
Sisters Outside: Tracing the Caribbean/Black Radical Tradition
.”
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism
28
, no.
1
(March
2009)
:
217
28
.
Brandt
,
Joe
, ed.
Black Americans in the Spanish People’s War against Fascism, 1936–1939
.
New York
:
Veteran of the Abraham Lincoln Battalion
,
1980
.
Brocheux
,
Pierre
.
Ho Chi Minh: A Biography
.
Trans. Claire Duiker.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2007
.
Browder
,
Earl
.
Teheran: Our Path in War and Peace
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1944
.
Brown
,
Elsa Barkley
. “
‘What Has Happened Here’: The Politics of Difference in Women’s History and Feminist Politics
.”
Feminist Studies
18
, no.
2
(Summer
1992)
:
295
312
.
Brown
,
Elsa Barkley
. “
Womanist Consciousness: Maggie Lena Walker and the Independent Order of Saint Luke
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women Culture and Society
14
, no.
3
(Spring
1989)
:
610
33
.
Brown
,
Jean Collier
.
Household Workers
.
Chicago
:
Science Research Associates
,
1940
.
Brown
,
Kathleen A
., and
Elizabeth
Faue
. “
Revolutionary Desire: Redefining the Politics of Sexuality of American Radicals, 1919–1945
.” In
Sexual Borderlands: Constructing an American Sexual Past
, ed.
Kathleen
Kennedy
,
273
302
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
2003
.
Brown
,
Kathleen A
. “
Social Bonds, Sexual Politics, and Political Community on the U.S. Left, 1920s–1940s
.”
Left History
7
, no.
1
(Spring
2000)
:
9
45
.
Buechler
, Steven
M
.
Social Movements in Advanced Capitalism: The Political Economy of Cultural Construction of Activism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Buhle
,
Mari Jo
.
Women and American Socialism, 1870–1920
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1981
.
Buhle
,
Mari Jo
,
Paul
Buhle
, and
Dan
Georgakas
, eds.
Encyclopedia of the American Left
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Buhle
,
Paul
.
Marxism in the USA: Remapping the History of the American Left
.2nded.
London
:
Verso
,
1991
.
Buhle
,
Paul
. “
Young Communist League (and Successors)
.”
Encyclopedia of the American Left
, ed.
Mari Jo
Buhle
,
Paul
Buhle
, and
Dan
Georgakas
,872–75.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1990
.
Burton
,
Antoinette
.
The Postcolonial Careers of Santha Rama Rau
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Burton
,
Antoinette
,
Augusto
Espiritu
, and
Fanon
Che Wilkins
. “
The Fate of Nationalisms in the Age of Bandung
.”
Radical History Review
95 (2006):
145
48
.
Bush
,
Rod
.
We Are Not What We Seem: Black Nationalism and Class Struggle in the American Century
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1999
.
Butler
,
Kim D
.
Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition in São Paulo and Salvador
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1998
.
Capeci
,
Dominic, Jr
.
The Harlem Riot of
1943
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1977
.
Carby
, Hazel
V
.
Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Carew
, Joy
Gleason
.
Blacks, Reds, and Russians: Sojourners in Search of the Soviet Promise
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2008
.
Carleton
,
Gregory
.
Sexual Revolution in Bolshevik Russia
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
,
2005
.
Carter
,
Dan T
.
Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South
.Rev. ed.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1979
.
Castledine
,
Jacqueline Ann
. “
Gendering the Cold War: Race, Class, and Women’s Peace.” Ph.D. diss., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
”,
2006
.
Cesairé
,
Aimé
.
Discourse on Colonialism
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1972
.
Cha-Jua
,
Sundiata
, and
Clarence
Lang
. “
‘The Long Movement’ as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies
.”
Journal of African American History
92
, no.
2
(2007):
265
88
.
Charney
,
George
.
A Long Journey
.
Chicago
:
Quadrangle
,
1968
.
Chateauvert
,
Melinda
.
Marching Together: Women of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
.
Urbana and Chicago
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1998
.
Childress
,
Alice
.
Like One of the Family: Conversations from a Domestic’s Life
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1986
.
Christian
,
Mark
. “
Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association: New Perspectives on Philosophy, Religion, and Microstudies, Unity, and Practice
.”
Journal of Black Studies
39
, no.
2
(November
2008)
:
163
65
.
Claudín
,
Fernando
.
The Communist Movement from Comintern to Cominform. Part One, The Crisis of the Communist International
.
Trans. Brian Pearce.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1975
.
Clements
,
Barbara Evans
.
Bolshevik Feminist: The Life of Aleksandra Kollontai
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1979
.
Cmiel
,
Kenneth
. “
The Recent History of Human Rights
.”
American Historical Review
109
(
2004
):
117
35
.
Cobb
,
William A. J
. “
Antidote to Revolution: African American Anti-Communism and the Struggle for Civil Rights
”,
1931
–1954.” Ph.D. diss., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey,
2003
.
Cobble
,
Dorothy Sue
.
The Other Women’s Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America. Princeton: Princeton University
,
2004
.
Coble
,
Alana Erickson
.
Cleaning Up: The Transformation of Domestic Service in Twentieth-Century New York City
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2006
.
Cohen
,
Lizabeth
.
Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago
,
1919–1939
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1990
.
Cohen
,
Robert
.
When the Old Left Was Young: Student Radicals and America’s First Mass Student Movement
,
1929–1941
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Collier-Thomas
,
Bettye
,.
Jesus Jobs, and Justice: African American Women and Religion
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
2010
.
Collier-Thomas
,
Bettye
, and
V. P.
Franklin
, eds.
Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights–Black Power Movement
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2001
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment
. Rev. ed.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Collins
,
Patricia Hill
.
Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1998
.
Communist Party Central Committee.
American Working Women and the Class Struggle
.
New York
:
Workers Library
,
1930
.
The Communist Position on the Negro Question
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1934
.
The Complete Report of Mayor LaGuardia’s Commission on the Harlem Riot of March 19
,
1935
.
New York
:
Arno Press
,
1969
.
Cooper
,
Esther V
. “
The Negro Women Domestic Worker in Relation to Trade Unionism.” MA thesis, Fisk University
”,
1940
.
Cooper
,
Wayne F
.
Claude McKay: Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance
.
Baton Rouge
:
Louisiana State University Press
,
1987
.
Corber
,
Robert J
.
Homosexuality in Cold War America: Resistance and the Crisis of Masculinity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Cott
,
Nancy F
.
The Grounding of Modern Feminism
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1987
.
Cott
,
Nancy F
. “
‘What’s in a Name?’: The Limits of ‘Social Feminism’; or Expanding the Vocabulary of Women’s History
.”
Journal of American History
76
(1989):
809
29
.
Cowl
,
Margaret
.
Women and Equality
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1935
.
Crawford
,
Vicki L.
et al
.,eds.
Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941–1965
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1993
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
.
Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings That Formed the Movement
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
, no.
6
(July
1991
): 1241–99.
Crocco
,
Margaret Smith
, and
Callie
L. Waite
. “
Education and Marginality: Race and Gender in Higher Education, 1940–1955
.”
History of Education Quarterly
47
, no. 1 (
2007)
:
573
82
.
The Crusader
. Reprint,
New York
:
Garland Publishers
,
1987
.
Cruse
,
Harold
.
The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual
.
New York
:
Quill
,
1984
.
Cruz-Malavé
,
Arnaldo
, and
Martin
F. Manalansan
IV
eds.
Queer Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2002
.
Cuthbert
,
Marion V
. “
Education and Marginality: A Study of the Negro Woman College Graduate.” Ph.D. diss., Columbia University
”,
1942
.
Dalfiume
,
Richard M
. “
The ‘Forgotten Years’ of the Negro Revolution
.” In
The Negro in Depression and War
, ed.
Bernard
Sternsher
,
298–316
.
Chicago
:
Quadrangle
1969
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Abolition Democracy: Beyond Empire, Prisons, and Torture
.
New York
:
Seven Stories Press
,
2005
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Angela Davis: An Autobiography
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1974
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude “ Ma” Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
”,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
James and Esther Jackson: Connecting the Past to the Present
.”
American Communist History
7
, no.
2
(December
2008)
:
217
76
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
JoAnne Little: The Dialectics of Rape
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, ed.
Joy
James
,
149
60
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell Publishers
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
Racism and Contemporary Literature on Rape
.”
Freedomways
16
, no.
1
(
1976)
:
25
33
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
. “
Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, ed.
Joy
James
,
111
28
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell Publishers
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela Y
.
Women, Race, and Class
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1981
.
Davis
,
John P
.
Let Us Build a National Negro Congress
.
Washington
:
National Sponsoring Committee, National Negro Congress
,
1935
.
de Beauvoir
,
Simone
.Trans. and ed.
H. M.
Parshley
.
The Second Sex
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
1993
.
Degras
,
Jane
, ed.
The Communist International, 1919–1943
. Vols.
1–3
.
London
:
Frank Cass and Company
,
1971
.
D’Emilio
,
John
.
Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940–1970
.2nd ed.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
D’Emilio
,
John
, and
Estelle
B. Freedman
.
Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America
.2nd ed.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1997
.
Denning
,
Michael
.
The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century
.
London
:
Verso
,
1997
.
Dennis
,
Peggy
.
The Autobiography of an American Communist: A Personal View of a Political Life, 1925–1975
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill
,
1977
.
Dixler
,
Elsa
. “
The Woman Question: Women and the Communist Party, 1929–1941.” Ph.D. diss., Yale University
”,
1974
.
Drake
,
St. Clair
, and
Horace
Cayton
.
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City
.1945. Rev. and enlarged ed.,
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1993
.
Draper
,
Theodore
.
The Roots of American Communism
.
New York
:
Viking Press
,
1957
.Duberman, Mark. Paul Robeson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf,
1988
.
Dubois
,
Ellen C
. “
Eleanor Flexner and the History of American Feminism
.”
Gender and History
3
, no.
1
(April
1991)
:
81
90
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B
.
The Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1968
.
Du Bois
,
W
.
Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880
.
New York
:
Antheneum
,
1992
.
Dudziak
,
Mary
.
Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2000
.
Dudziak
,
Mary
. “
Josephine Baker, Racial Protest, and the Cold War
.”
Journal of American History
81
(September
1994)
:
543
70
.
Duncan
,
Natanya
. “
The ‘Efficient Womanhood’ of the Universal Negro Improvement Association: 1919–1930.” Ph.D. diss., University of Florida
”,
2009
.
Edgar
,
Adrienne
. “
Bolshevism, Patriarchy, and the Nation: The Soviet ‘Emancipation’ of Muslim Women in Pan-Islamic Perspective
.”
Slavic Review
65
, no.
2
(Summer
2006)
:
252
72
.
Editors of
Freedomways. Black Titan: W. E. B. Du Bois
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1970
.
Edwards
,
Brent Hayes
.
The Practice of Diaspora: Literature, Translation, and the Rise of Black Internationalism
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2003
.
Edwards
,
Brent Hayes
. “
The Uses of Diaspora
.”
Social Text
19
, no.
1
(Spring
2001)
:
45
73
.
Egerton
,
John
.
Speak Now Against the Day: The Generation before the Civil Rights Movement in the South
.
New York
:
Alfred A. Knopf
,
1994
.
El Saadawi
,
Nawal
.
The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World
.
London
:
Zed Books
,
1980
.
Elliot
,
Rosemary
.
Women and Smoking since 1890
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2007
.
Engels
,
Frederick
.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State
. In Selected Works by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels,
3
: 191–334.
Moscow
:
Progress Publishers
,
1969
.
Estes
,
Steve
.
I Am a Man! Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2005
.
Evans
,
Sara
.
Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1979
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
A Dying Colonialism
.Translated by Haakon Chevalier.
New York
:
Monthly Review
,
1965
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
The Wretched of the Earth
.Translated by Constance Farrington.
New York
:
Grove Weidenfeld
,
1963
.
Faue
,
Elizabeth
.
Community of Suffering and Struggle: Women, Men, and the Labor Movement in Minneapolis, 1915–1945
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1991
.
Feldstein
,
Ruth
. “
‘I Don’t Want to Trust You Anymore’: Nina Simone, Culture, and Black Activism in the 1960s
.”
Journal of American History
91
(
2005
): 1349–79.
Ferguson
,
Roderick A
.
Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Floyd-Thomas
,
Juan Marcial
. “
Creating a Temple and a Forum: Religion, Culture, and Politics in the Harlem Unitarian Church, 1920–1956.” Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania
”,
2000
.
Flynn
,
Elizabeth Gurley
.
Women Have a Date with Destiny
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1944
.
Foley
,
Barbara
.
Radical Representations: Politics and Form in U.S. Proletarian Fiction, 1929–1941
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1993
.
Foley
,
Barbara
.
Spectres of 1919: Class and Nation in the Making of the New Negro. Urbana: University of Illinois Press
,
2003
.
Foner
,
Philip
.
American Socialism and Black Americans: From the Age of Jackson to World War II
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Greenwood Press
,
1977
.
Foner
,
Philip S
., and
Herbert
Shapiro
, eds.
American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1930–1934
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1991
.
Ford
,
James
, and
Harry
Gannes
.
War in Africa: Italian Fascism Prepares to Enslave Ethiopia
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishing
,
1935
.
For United Action against Fascism
.”
The Communist
12
, no.
4
(April
1933)
:
323
36
.
Foster
,
William Z
.
History of the Communist Party of the United States
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1952
.
Foster
,
William Z
. “
On Improving the Party’s Work among Women
.”
Political Affairs
27
, no.
10
(October
1948)
:
984
90
.
Foster
,
William
et al
.
The Communist Position on the Negro Question
.
New York
:
New Century Publishers
,
1947
.
Fouché
,
Rayvon
.
Black Inventors in the Age of Segregation: Granville T. Woods, Lewis H. Latimer, and Shelby J. Davidson
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2003
.
Franklin
,
V. P
. “
Introduction—New Black Power Studies
.”
Journal of African American History
92
, no.
4
(Fall
2007)
:
463
67
.
Fredrickson
, George
M
.
Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Freedomways Associates.
Paul Robeson: The Great Forerunner
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1998
.
Friedan
,
Betty
.
The Feminine Mystique
.
1963
. Reprint,
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
1997
.
Friedman
,
Andrea
. “
The Strange Career of Annie Lee Moss: Rethinking Race, Gender, and McCarthyism
.”
Journal of American History
94
, no.
2
(September
2007)
:
445
68
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
.
American Africans in Ghana: Black Expatriates and the Civil Rights Era
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2006
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
. “
From Center to Margins: Internationalism and the Origins of Black Feminism
.” In
Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics
, ed.
Russ
Castronovo
and
Diane D.
Nelson
,
294
313
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Gaines
,
Kevin K
. “
Locating the Transnational in Postwar African American History
.”
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism
28
, no.
1
(March
2009)
:
193
202
.
Gaines
, Kevin
K
.
Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Garfinkel
,
Herbert
.
When Negroes March: The March on Washington Movement in the Organizational Politics for FEPC
.
New York
:
Atheneum
,
1969
.
Gates
,
Henry Louis
Jr.
, “
The Black Man’s Burden
.” In
Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory
, ed.
Michael
Warner
,
230
38
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minneapolis Press
,
1993
.
Gellum
,
Erik S
. “
‘Death Blow to Jim Crow: The National Negro Congress, 1936–1947.” Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University
”,
2006
.
Gendered Domains: Rethinking Public and Private in Women’s History; Essays from the 7th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1990
.
Gerson
,
Deborah A
. “
‘Is Family Devotion Now Subversive?’ Familialism against McCarthyism
.” In
Not June Cleaver: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945–1960
, ed.
Joanne
Meyerowitz
,
151
76
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1994
.
Giddings
,
Paula
.
Ida: A Sword among Lions; Ida B. Wells and the Campaign against Lynching
.
New York
:
Amistad
,
2008
.
Giddings
,
Paula
.
When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America
.
New York
:
Quill
,
1984
.
Gilkes
,
Cheryl Townsend
. “
Interview with Audley (Queen Mother) Moore
.” In
The Black Women Oral History Project
, vol.
8
, ed.
Ruth Edmonds
Hill
,
111
201
.
West-port, Conn.
:
Meckler
,
1991
.
Gilmore
,
Glenda Elizabeth
.
Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights, 1919–1950
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2008
.
Gilmore
,
Glenda Elizabeth
.
Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
1996
.
Gilmore
,
Ruthie Wilson
.
Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2007
.
Gilmore
,
Stephanie
, ed.
Feminist Coalitions: Historical Perspectives on Second-Wave Feminism in the United States
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2008
.
Gilroy
,
Paul
.
The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Giovanni
,
Nikki
. “
The Lion in Daniel’s Den
.”
Freedomways
11
, no.
2
(
1971)
:
191
.
Golden
,
Lily
.
My Long Journey Home
.
Chicago
:
Third World Press
,
2002
.
Goldman
,
Michal
, dir.
At Home in Utopia. DVD. Filmmakers Collaborative
,
2008
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Terror and Democracy in the Age of Stalin: The Social Dynamics of Repression
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2007
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Women at the Gates: Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2002
.
Goldman
,
Wendy Z
.
Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917–1936
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1993
.
Goodman
,
James
.
The Stories of Scottsboro
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
1994
.
Gopinath
,
Gayatri
.
Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Gordall
,
Janet
. “
Audley Moore and the Politics of Black Revolutionary Motherhood.” Paper in author’s possession
”.
Gordon
,
Eugene
, and
Cyril
Briggs
.
The Position of Negro Women
.
New York
:
Workers Library Publishers
,
1935
.
Gordon
,
Linda
.
Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1994
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
. “
From Communist Politics to Black Power: The Visionary Politics and Transnational Solidarities of Victoria ‘Vicki’ Ama Garvin
.” In
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
, ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
72
94
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
. “
To Light a Candle in a Gale Wind: Black Women Radicals and Post World War II U.S. Politics.” Ph.D. diss., New York University
”,
2003
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
.
Introduction to Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
,ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
1
24
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gore
,
Dayo F
., eds.
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Gosse
,
Van
. “
‘To Organize in Every Neighborhood, in Every Home’: The Gender Politics of American Communists between the Wars
.”
Radical History Review
50
(
1991)
:
109
41
.
Goulding
,
Marc
. “
Vanguards of the New Africa: Black Radical Networks, Communism, and Anti-Imperialism in the 1930s
.” Ph.D. diss., New York University”,
2007
.
Grady-Willis
,
Winston A
.
Challenging U.S. Apartheid: Atlanta and Black Struggles for Human Rights, 1960–1977
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Green
,
Ben
.
Before His Time: The Untold Story of Harry T. Moore, America’s First Civil Rights Martyr
.
Gainesville
:
University of Florida Press
,
1999
.
Greenberg
,
Lynn
.
Or Does It Explode? Black Harlem during the Great Depression
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1991
.
Greene
,
Christina
.
Our Separate Ways: Women and the Black Freedom Movement in Durham, North Carolina
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2005
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
, and
Caren
Kaplan
, eds.
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Griffin
,
Farah Jasmine
.
If You Can’t Be Free, Be a Mystery: In Search of Billie Holiday
.
New York
:
Ballantine
,
2001
.
Griffin
,
Farah J
., and
Cheryl J.
Fish
, eds.
Stranger in the Village: Two Centuries of African-American Travel Writing
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1998
.
Gross
,
Kali N
.
Colored Amazons: Crime, Violence, and Black Women in the City of Brotherly Love, 1880–1910
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Guy-Sheftall
,
Beverly
, ed.
Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Hall
,
Gloria
et al
.,eds.
All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave
.
Old Westbury, N.Y.
:
Feminist Press
,
1982
.
Hall
,
Jacquelyn Dowd
. “
The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past
.”
Journal of American History
91
, no.
4
(March
2005): 1233–63
.
Hall
,
Stuart
. “
The Work of Representation
.” In
Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices
, ed.
Stuart
Hall
,
13
74
.
Walton Hall, U.K.
:
The Open University
,
1997
.
Halle
,
Fannina W
.
Woman in Soviet Russia
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1933
.
Hamilton
,
Charles V
,
Adam Clayton
Powell
Jr.
,:
The Political Biography of the American Dilemma
.
New York
:
Atheneum
,
1991
.
Hamilton
,
Lisa Gay
dir.
,
Beah: A Black Woman Speaks
. DVD. Clinica Estetico in association with HBO/Cinemax Documentary Film,
2003
.
Hansberry
,
Lorraine
. “
Simone de Beauvoir and The Second Sex, an Unfinished Essay-in-Progress
.” In
Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought
, ed.
Beverly
Guy-Sheftall
,
128
42
.
New York
:
New Press
,
1995
.
Harlem Division of the Communist Party, USA.
A Political Manual for Harlem
.
New York
:
Harlem Division of the Communist Party, USA, ca
.
1939
.
Harold
,
Claudrena N
.
The Rise and Fall of the Garvey Movement in the Urban South, 1918–1942
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2007
.
Harris
,
Lashawn
. “
Running with the Reds: African American Women and the Communist Party during the Great Depression
.”
Journal of African American History
94
, no.
1
(Winter
2009)
:
21
43
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Lose Your Mother: A Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus, and Giroux
,
2007
.
Hawes
,
Elizabeth
.
Why Women Cry; Or Wenches with Wrenches
.
Cornwall, N.Y.
:
Cornwall Press
,
1943
.
Haynes
,
John Earl
. “
Reconsidering Two Questions: On Arnesen’s ‘No Graver Danger’; Black Anticommunism, the Communist Party, and the Race Question
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no. 4 (
2006)
:
53
57
.
Haywood
,
Harry
.
Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist
.
Chicago
:
Liberator Press
,
1978
.
Haywood
,
Harry
.
Negro Liberation
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1948
.
Hemenway
,
Robert
.
Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1977
.
Herndon
,
Angelo
.
Let Me Live
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1937
.
Hewitt
,
Nancy A
., and
Suzanne
Lebsock
, eds.
Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
Hicks
,
Cheryl D
. “
Confined to Womanhood: Women, Prisons, and Race in the State of New York, 1890–1935.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University
”,
1999
.
Higginbotham
,
Evelyn Brooks
. “
African-American Women’s History and the Metalanguage of Race
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
17
, no.
2
(Winter
1992)
:
251
74
.
Higginbotham
,
Evelyn Brooks
.
Righteous Discontent: The Women’s Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880–1920
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Hill
,
Rebecca
. “
Fosterites and Feminists: Or 1950s Ultra-Leftism and the Invention of AmeriKKKa
.”
New Left Review
228
(
1998
):
67
90
.
Hill
,
Robert A
., ed.
Marcus Garvey and the UNIA Papers
. Vol.
4
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1985
.
Hine
,
Darlene Clarke
. “
African American Women and Their Communities in the Twentieth Century: The Foundation and Future of Black Women’s Studies
.”
Black Women, Gender, and Families
1
, no.
1
(Spring
2007)
:
1
23
.
Hine
,
Darlene Clarke
. “
Rape and the Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West: Preliminary Thoughts on the Culture of Dissemblance
.”
Signs: A Journal of Women in Culture and Society
14 (August
1988)
:
912
20
.
Hirth
,
Thomas W
., ed.
Gay Rebel of the Harlem Renaissance: Selections from the Work of Richard Bruce Nugent
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Ho
,
Fred
, and
Bill V.
Mullen
, eds.
Afro-Asia: Revolutionary Political and Cultural Connections between African Americans and Asian Americans
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Hobsbawm
,
Eric J
.
Revolutionaries
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2001
.
Hobson
,
Janell
.
Venus in the Dark: Blackness and Beauty in Popular Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2005
.
Holcomb
,
Gary Edward
,
Claude
McKay
,
Code Name Sasha: Queer Black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance
.
Gainesville
:
University Press of Florida
,
2007
.
Honey
,
Michael
.
Going Down the Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2007
.
Honey
,
Michael
.
Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights: Organizing Memphis Workers
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1993
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Black Looks: Race and Representation
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
1992
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Black and Red: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Afro-American Response to the Cold War
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1986
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Black Liberation/Red Scare: Ben Davis and the Communist Party
.
Newark
:
University of Delaware Press
,
1994
.
Horne
,
Gerald
. “
Black Thinkers at Sea: Ferdinand Smith and the Decline of African American Proletarian Intellectuals
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
4
, no.
2
(
2002)
:
38
50
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Cold War in a Hot Zone: The United States Confronts Labor and Independence Struggles in the British West Indies
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2007
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Communist Front? The Civil Rights Congress
.
London
:
Associated University Presses
,
1988
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
The End of Empires: African Americans and India
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2008
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
The Fire This Time: The Watts Uprising and the 1960s
.
Charlottesville
:
University of Virginia Press
,
1995
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Mau Mau in Harlem? The U.S. and the Liberation of Kenya
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2009
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Race War: White Supremacy and the Japanese Attack on the British Empire
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2004
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Race Woman: The Lives of Shirley Graham Du Bois
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2000
.
Horne
,
Gerald
.
Red Seas: Ferdinand Smith and the Radical Black Sailors in the United States and Jamaica
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2005
.
Horne
,
Gerald
, and
Margaret
Stevens
. “
Shirley Graham Du Bois: Portrait of the Black Woman Artist as a Revolutionary
.” In
Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle
, ed.
Dayo
Gore
,
Jeanne
Theoharis
, and
Komozi
Woodard
,
95
114
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2009
.
Horowitz
,
Daniel
.
Betty Friedan and the Making of the Feminine Mystique: The American Left, the Cold War, and Modern Feminism
.
Amherst
:
University of Massachusetts Press
,
1998
.
Howard
,
Walter T
., ed.
Black Communists Speak on Scottsboro
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2009
.
Hudson
,
Hosea
.
Black Worker in the Deep South
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1972
.
Hughes
,
Langston
.
I Wonder as I Wander
.1956. Reprint,
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1993
.
Hunt
,
Lynn
.
Inventing Human Rights: A History
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
,
2007
.
Hunter
,
Tera W
.
To ’Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors after the Civil War
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1997
.
Hunton
,
Dorothy
.
Alphaeus Hunton: The Unsung Valiant
.
New York
:
Eppress Speed Print, n.d
.
Hutchinson
,
Earl Ofari
.
Blacks and Reds: Race and Class in Conflict, 1919–1990
.
East Lansing
:
Michigan State University Press
,
1995
.
Inman
,
Mary
.
In Woman’s Defense
.
Los Angeles
:
Committee to Organize the Advancement of Women
,
1940
.
Issa
,
Kai Jackson
. “
Her Own Book: Autobiographical Practice in the Oral Narratives of Queen Mother Moore.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University
”,
1999
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
.
If I Had a Hammer: . . . The Death of the Old Left and the Birth of the New
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1987
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
. “
Three Generations: Historians View American Communism
.”
Labor History
26
, no.
4
(Fall
1985)
:
517
45
.
Isserman
,
Maurice
.
Which Side Were You On? The American Communist Party during the Second World War
.
Middletown, Conn.
:
Wesleyan University Press
,
1982
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
.
This Is My Husband: Fighter for His People, Political Refugee
.
Brooklyn
:
National Committee to Defend Negro Leadership
,
1953
.
Jackson
,
Esther Cooper
, ed.
Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country
.
Boulder, Colo.
:
Westview Press
,
2000
.
Jackson
,
James E.
Jr.
,
Revolutionary Tracings in World Politics and Black Liberation
.
New York
:
International Press
,
1974
.
Jackson
,
Kathryn Alice
. “
Trauma Survivors: Adult Children of McCarthyism and the Smith Act.” Ph.D. diss., Temple University
”,
1991
.
James
,
Joy
. “
Resting in Gardens, Battling in Deserts: Black Women’s Activism
.”
Black Scholar
29
(
1999
):
3
5
.
James
,
Joy
.
Shadowboxing: Representations of Black Feminist Politics
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2000
.
James
,
Winston
. “
Being Red and Black in Jim Crow America: Notes on the Ideology and Travails of Afro-America’s Socialist Pioneers
.”
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
1
, no.
4
(Fall
1999)
:
45
63
.
James
,
Winston
.
Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America
.
London and New York
:
Verso
,
1998
.
Janken
,
Kenneth R
. “
Anticommunism or Anti-Communist Party? A Response to Eric Arnesen
.”
Labor: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas
3
, no.
4
(Winter
2006)
:
69
74
.
Johanningsmeier
,
Edward P
.
Forging American Communism: The Life of William Z. Foster
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Johnson
,
Buzz
. “
I Think of My Mother”: Notes on the Life of Claudia Jones. London: Karia Press
”,
1985
.
Johnson
,
David K
.
The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2004
.
Johnson
,
E. Patrick
.
Appropriating Blackness: Performance and the Politics of Authenticity
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2004
.
Jones
,
Claudia
.
Ben Davis, Fighter for Freedom
.
New York
:
New Century Publishers
,
1954
.
Jones
,
Claudia
. “
The Caribbean in Britain
.”
Freedomways
4
, no.
3
(Summer
1964)
:
341
57
.