The Color of Modernity: São Paulo and the Making of Race and Nation in Brazil
Barbara Weinstein is the Silver Professor of History at New York University. She is the coeditor of The Making of the Middle Class: Toward a Transnational History, also published by Duke University Press, and the author of For Social Peace in Brazil: Industrialists and the Remaking of the Working Class in São Paulo, 1920-1964.
The White Album: Memory, Identity, and the 1932 Uprising
This chapter examines the struggles over the memory and meanings of the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932, starting with the commemorations in the years immediately following the uprising, then moving to the “Ninth of July” festivities during the IV Centenário, and ending with the silver jubilee celebrations in 1957. The sense of regional unity produced by the movement proved short-lived, and by 1937 political splits within São Paulo had undercut the appeal of Constitutionalism. In 1954 the uprising had become a premise for celebrating São Paulo’s prosperity and reinforcing a particular definition of paulistinidade, but by 1957 the main theme was the implications of the “paulista war” for the state of democracy in Brazil.