The Color of Modernity: São Paulo and the Making of Race and Nation in Brazil
Barbara Weinstein is the Silver Professor of History at New York University. She is the coeditor of The Making of the Middle Class: Toward a Transnational History, also published by Duke University Press, and the author of For Social Peace in Brazil: Industrialists and the Remaking of the Working Class in São Paulo, 1920-1964.
Provincializing São Paulo: The “Other” Regions Strike Back
Given the very real differences in levels of wealth and economic production between São Paulo and most other Brazilian states, but especially those in the North and Northeast, how did political groups in the latter regions respond to claims of paulista superiority? This chapter examines the responses in various print sources from outside São Paulo to the 1932uprising and considers the ways in which politicians, journalists, and intellectuals in Pernambuco, Minas Gerais, and Ceará, including Gilberto Freyre, used the language of nationalism and authenticity to challenge the legitimacy of paulista claims, to associate the uprising with a retrogressive politics, and to mobilize against the regional rebellion.