The Color of Modernity: São Paulo and the Making of Race and Nation in Brazil
Barbara Weinstein is the Silver Professor of History at New York University. She is the coeditor of The Making of the Middle Class: Toward a Transnational History, also published by Duke University Press, and the author of For Social Peace in Brazil: Industrialists and the Remaking of the Working Class in São Paulo, 1920-1964.
Marianne into Battle?: The Mulher Paulista and the Revolution of 1932
Unlike previous Brazilian conflicts, women played an active role in the Constitutionalist Movement and in a wide range of support services for the 1932uprising. The prominent role of women also served to reinforce claims about regional modernity and the paulistas’ sense of civic duty. However, the principal theme of this chapter is to show how the archetype of “the Paulista Woman” imbued the female participants in the uprising with specific racial and class attributes and depoliticized women’s entrance into the public sphere. It also considers the limits of acceptable forms of participation for women in an armed uprising, and the ways in which women pushed the boundaries of the Mulher Paulista archetype.