Recycled Stars: Female Film Stardom in the Age of Television and Video
The explosion of new media technologies, formats, and venues has increased the amount of and possibilities for star recyclings. Online venues such as social networking sites (Facebook), blogs, wikis, video-sharing sites (YouTube), and even virtual auctions (eBay) are the locations where many star recyclings take place. This chapter examines star recyclings circulated by online venues that rely on user-generated content. While many video mash-ups on YouTube featuring past stars use found footage and collage strategies reminiscent of the avant-garde films discussed in chapter 5, and within contexts that examine stars in relation to family, sexuality, and work, they are rarely inflected by the critical theory vocabulary of experimental cinema. The chapter concludes with some considerations of how contemporary film studio productions are using “synthespians” or virtual actors in ways that suggest stars can transcend time.