Skip to Main Content
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.

The introduction highlights four major interventions of the book. First, rather than relying on social science definitions of revolution as transformed states and overthrown leaders, it uses the term to broadly capture affective, intimate, embodied, institutional, and spatial registers of upheaval and transgression. Second, it argues for disrupting taken-for-granted understandings of place and space and focuses on the nexus between bodies and spatiality as activists engaged in world challenging and world making. Third, it highlights the dilemmas that continue to be posed by ideological conflict, sexual difference, and class inequality, which are embodied, inscribed in a variety of spaces, and not easily overcome by mass protest. Fourth, it challenges the public/private dichotomization of metaphorical and physical spaces, bodies, and social relations. The introduction also discusses the implications of “chaos” in revolutionary and counterrevolutionary discourse and practices.

Bibliography

Bibliography
Abdel Aal
,
Ghada
.
I Want to Get Married! One Wannabe Bride’s Misadventures with Handsome Houdinis, Technicolor Grooms, Morality Police, and Other Mr. Not Quite Rights
. Translated by
Tahawy
Nora El
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2010
.
Acar
,
Feride
.
“Türkiye’de Kadınların İnsan Hakları: Uluslararası Standartlar, Hukuk ve Sivil Toplum” (Human Rights of Women in Turkey: International Standards, Law and Civil Society)
. In
Kadın Hakları Uluslararası Hukuk ve Uygulama (International Law of Women’s Rights and Its Implementation)
, edited by
Ayata
Gökēiēek
,
Dilek
Sevinē Eryılmaz
, and
Oder
Bertil Emrah
,
13
22
.
Istanbul
:
Istanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları
,
2010
.
Adler
,
Amy
. “
Performance Anxiety: Medusa, Sex, and the First Amendment
.”
Yale Journal of the Law and Humanities
21
, no.
2
(
2009
):
224
50
.
Ahmed
,
Leila
. “
Feminism and Feminist Movements in the Middle East, a Preliminary Exploration: Turkey, Egypt, Algeria, People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen
.” In
Arabian and Islamic Studies
, edited by
Bidwell
Robin
and
Smith
G. Rex
,
155
71
.
London
:
Longman
,
1983
.
Alami Mchichi
,
Houria
.
Genre et politique au Maroc: Les enjeux de l’egalité hommesfemmes entre islamisme et modernisme
.
Paris
:
L’Harmattan
,
2002
.
al-ʿAlas
,
Asmahan Aqlan
.
Awdaʿal-marʾa al-yamaniyya fi zul al-idara al-britaniyya liʿadan min 1937–1967 (The Situation of Yemeni Women during the Time of British Administration in Aden 1937–1967)
.
Aden, Yemen
:
Aden University Printing and Publishing House
,
2005
.
Alexanian
,
Janet A.
Publicly Intimate Online: Iranian Web Logs in Southern California
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East
26
, no.
2
(
2006
):
134
45
.
Alhadar
,
Ibrahim
, and
McCahill
Michael
. “
The Use of Surveillance Cameras in a Riyadh Shopping Mall: Protecting Profits or Protecting Morality?
Theoretical Criminology
15
, no.
3
(
2011
):
315
30
.
al-Ali
,
Nadje
. “
Gendering the Arab Spring
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
5
, no.
1
(
2012
):
26
31
.
al-Ali
,
Nadje
, and
Pratt
Nicola
.
What Kind of Liberation? Women and the Occupation of Iraq
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2009
.
Allen
,
John
.
Lost Geographies of Power
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
2003
.
AlSayyad
,
Nezar
. “
The Virtual Square: Urban Space, Media, and the Egyptian Uprising
.”
Harvard International Review
(Summer
2012
):
58
63
.
Amar
,
Paul
. “
Middle East Masculinity Studies: Discourses of ‘Men in Crisis,’ Industries of Gender in Revolution
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
7
, no.
3
(
2011
):
36
70
.
Amar
,
Paul
.
The Security Archipelago: Human-Security States, Sexuality Politics, and the End of Neoliberalism
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2013
.
Amar
,
Paul
. “
Turning the Gendered Politics of the Security State Inside Out?
International Journal of Politics
13
, no.
3
(
2011
):
299
328
.
Amir-Ebrahimi
Masserat
. “
Transgression in Narration: The Lives of Iranian Women in Cyberspace
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
4
, no.
3
(
2008
):
89
118
.
Aouragh
,
Miriyam
. “
Framing the Internet in the Arab Revolutions: Myth Meets Modernity
.”
Cinema Journal
52
, no.
1
(
2012
):
148
56
.
al-ʿAqil
,
H. M.
Qadiyyat al-janub wa haqaʾiq nahb mumtalakat dawla jumhuriyyat al-yaman al-dimuqratiyya al-shaʿbiyya, al-juzʾu al-awwal, al-tabaʿa al-thaniyya (“The Southern Cause and the Truth about the Plundering of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen State Property, Part 1”)
.
2nd
edition.
Cairo
:
Al-Markaz al-ʿArabi li Khidmat al-Sahafa wal-Nashr “Majid,”
2012
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
The Human Condition
.
2nd
edition.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Asbar Center for Studies, Research and Communications
. “
Uses of the Internet in the Saudi Society
.” .
Augé
,
Marc
.
Non-places: Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity
.
London
:
Verso
,
1995
.
Baber
,
Zaheer
. “
‘Race,’ Religion and Riots: The ‘Racialization’ of Communal Identity and Conflict in India
.”
Sociology
38
, no.
4
(
2004
):
701
18
.
Bakhtin
,
Mikhail
.
The Dialogic Imagination
. Translated by
Holquist
Michael
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1981
.
Bakhtin
,
Mikhail
.
The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1992
.
Bamyeh
,
Mohammed A.
The Arab Revolutions and the Making of a New Patriotism
.”
Orient: German Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture of the Middle East
52
, no.
3
(
July
2011
):
6
10
.
Bangstad
,
Sindre
. “
Contesting Secularism/s: Secularism and Islam in the Work of Talal Asad
.”
Anthropological Theory
9
, no.
2
(
2009
):
188
208
.
Ba-Obaid
,
Mohamed
, and
Bijleveld
Catherine
. “
Violence against Women in Yemen: Official Statistics and an Exploratory Survey
.”
International Review of Victimology
9
(
2002
):
331
47
.
Barthes
,
Roland
.
Camera Lucida
. Translated by
Howard
Richard
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1981
.
Barthes
,
Roland
.
Pleasure of the Text
. Translated by
Howard
Richard
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
1973
.
Bartky
,
Sandra Lee
. “
Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power
.” In
Writing on the Body: Female Embodiment and Feminist Theory
, edited by
Conboy
Katie
,
Medina
Nadia
, and
Stanbury
Sarah
,
129
54
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1997
.
Bartu
,
Ayfer
. “
Rethinking Heritage Politics in a Global Context: A View from Istanbul
.” In
Hybrid Urbanism: On the Identity Discourse and the Built Environment
, edited by
AlSayyad
Nezar
,
131
55
.
Westport, CT
:
Praeger
,
2001
.
Bartu
,
Ayfer
. “
Who Owns the Old Quarters? Rewriting Histories in a Global Era
.” In
Istanbul: Between the Global and the Local
, edited by
Keyder
Çağlar
,
31
46
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
,
1997
.
Bassam
,
Rehab
.
Arrz bil-laban li-shakhsayn (Rice Pudding for Two)
.
Cairo
:
Dar al-Shuruq
,
2008
.
Bayat
,
Asef
. “
The Arab Spring and Its Surprises
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
587
601
.
Bayat
,
Asef
.
Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Bayat
,
Asef
.
Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2007
.
Bayat
,
Asef
. “
A New Arab Street in Post-Islamist Times
.”
Foreign Policy
,
26
January
2011
.
Baydar
,
Gülsüm
. “
Embodied Spaces of Resistance
.”
Women’s Studies International Forum
50
(
May–June
2015
):
11
19
.
Bell
,
David
. “
Pleasure and Danger: The Paradoxical Spaces of Sexual Citizenship
.”
Political Geography
14
, no.
2
(
1995
):
139
53
.
Bell
,
Vikki
. “
On Speech, Race and Melancholia: An Interview with Judith Butler
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
(
April
1999
):
163
74
.
Benhabib
,
Seyla
. “
The Pariah and Her Shadow: Hannah Arendt’s Biography of Rahel Varnhagen
.”
Political Theory
23
, no.
1
(
1995
):
5
24
.
Bennani-Chraïbi
,
Soumia
.
Soumis et rebelles, les jeunes au Maroc
.
Paris
:
CNRS, Éditions Méditerranée
,
1994
.
Bennett
,
Andy
. “
Music, Media and Urban Mythscapes: A Study of the ‘Canterbury Sound.’
Media, Culture and Society
24
, no.
1
(
2002
):
88
100
.
Berger
,
John
.
Ways of Seeing
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1972
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
. “
Intimacy: A Special Issue
.”
Critical Inquiry
24
, no.
2
(
1998
):
281
88
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
The Queen of America Goes to Washington City
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, and
Prosser
Jay
. “
Life Writing and Intimate Publics: A Conversation with Lauren Berlant
.”
Biography
34
, no.
1
(
2011
):
180
87
.
Beşpınar
,
Fatma Umut
. “
Women and Gender
.” In
Turkey and the Politics of National Identity: Social, Economic and Cultural Transformation
, edited by
Brennan
Shane
and
Herzog
Marc
,
118
44
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2014
.
Bhabha
,
Homi
.
The Location of Culture
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Bhabha
,
Homi
. “
Remembering Fanon: What Does the Black Man Want?
New Formations
1
(Spring
1987
):
118
24
.
Biekart
,
Kees
, and
Fowler
Alan
. “
Transforming Activisms 2010+: Exploring Ways and Waves
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
527
46
.
Bondi
,
Liz
, and
Davidson
Joyce
. “
Situating Gender
.” In
A Companion to Feminist Geography
, edited by
Nelson
Lise
and
Seager
Joni
,
15
31
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
La Domination Masculine
.
Paris
:
Editions du Seuil
,
1998
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
. “
Social Space and Symbolic Power
.”
Sociological Theory
7
, no.
1
(
1989
):
14
25
.
Bourqia
,
Rahma
,
Ayadi
Mohammed El
,
Harrass
Mokhtar El
, and
Rachik
Hassan
.
Les jeunes et les valeurs religieuses
.
Casablanca
:
Eddif and CODESRIA
,
2000
.
Bouzid
,
Nouri
.
Man of Ashes
.
Seattle
:
Arab Film Distribution
,
1986
.
VHS
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brynen
,
Rex
,
Korany
Bahgat
, and
Noble
Paul
.
Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World: Theoretical Perspectives. Vol. 1
.
Boulder
:
Lynne Rienner
,
1995
.
Butler
,
Judith
. “
Bodies in Alliance and Politics of the Street
.”
European Institute for Progressive Cultural Policies
. .
Butler
,
Judith
.
Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2006
.
Butler
,
Judith
, and
Athanasiou
Athena
.
Dispossession: The Performative in the Political
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
2013
.
Carapico
,
Sheila
. “
Demonstrators, Dialogues, Drones and Dialectics
.”
Middle East Report
269
(
2013
):
21
24
.
Carapico
,
Sheila
. “
No Exit: Yemen’s Existential Crisis
.” In
The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East
, edited by
McMurray
David
and
Ufheil-Somers
Amanda
,
120
27
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2013
.
Clifford
,
James
. “
Spatial Practices: Fieldwork, Travel, and the Disciplining of Anthropology
.” In
Anthropological Locations: Boundaries and Grounds of a Field Science
, edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Ferguson
James
,
185
222
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1997
.
Communication and Information Technology Commission
. “
Internet in Saudi Arabia
.” .
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
. “
Declarations, Reservations, and Objections to CEDAW
.”
UN Women
. .
Dabashi
,
Hamid
.
The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism
.
London
:
Zed Books
,
2012
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
.
Contesting Realities: The Public Sphere and Morality in Southern Yemen
.
New York
:
Syracuse University Press
,
2010
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Morphologies of Social Flows: Segregation, Time, and the Public Sphere
.” In
Gendering Urban Space in the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa
, edited by
Rieker
Martina
and
Ali
Kamran Asdar
,
45
70
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2008
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Readjusting Women’s Too Many Rights: The State, the Public Voice, and Women’s Rights in South Yemen
.” In
Feminist Activism, Women’s Rights and Legal Reform
, edited by
al-Sharmani
Mulki
,
48
72
.
New York
:
Zed Books
,
2014
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Segregation, Illegitimate Encounters, and Contextual Moralities: Sexualities in the Changing Public Sphere in Aden
.”
Hawwa: Journal of Women in the Middle East and the Islamic World
4
, no.
2
(
2006
):
214
36
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
The Southern Movement in Yemen
.”
ISIM Review
22
(Autumn
2008
):
50
51
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Welfare and Modernity: Three Concepts for the ‘Advanced Woman.’
” In
Interpreting Welfare and Relief in the Middle East
, edited by
Naguib
Nefissa
and
Okkenhaug
Inger Marie
,
129
48
.
Leiden
:
Brill
,
2008
.
Dean
,
Jodi
. “
Cybersalons and Civil Society: Rethinking the Public Sphere in Transnational Technoculture
.”
Public Culture
13
, no.
2
(
2001
):
243
65
.
de Certeau
,
Michel
.
The Practice of Everyday Life
. Translated by
Rendall
Steven
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1984
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1987
.
Diamond
,
Larry
. “
Liberation Technology
.”
Journal of Democracy
21
, no.
3
(
2010
):
69
83
.
Dikeç
,
Mustafa
. “
Space as a Mode of Political Thinking
.”
Geoforum
43
, no.
4
(
2012
):
669
76
.
Dinshaw
,
Carolyn
.
Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Dinshaw
,
Carolyn
.
How Soon Is Now? Medieval Texts, Amateur Readers, and the Queerness of Time
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Dixon
,
Deborah
, and
Marston
Sallie
. “
Introduction: Feminist Engagements with Geopolitics
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
445
53
.
Djebar
,
Assia
.
Fantasia: An Algerian Cavalcade
. Translated by
Blair
Dorothy S.
.
Portsmouth, NH
:
Heinemann
,
1993
.
Donadey
,
Anne
.
Recasting Postcolonialism: Women Writing between Worlds
.
Portsmouth, NH
:
Heinemann
,
2001
.
Doostdar
,
Alireza
. “
The Vulgar Spirit of Blogging: On Language, Culture, and Power in Persian Weblogestan
.”
American Anthropologist
106
, no.
4
(
2001
):
651
62
.
Douglas
,
J. Leigh
.
The Free Yemeni Movement 1935–1962
.
Beirut
:
American University of Beirut
,
1987
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Gender, Monarchy, and National Identity in Saudi Arabia
.”
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
19
, no.
1
(
1992
):
31
47
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Saudi Arabia
.” In
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress amid Resistance
, edited by
Kelly
Sanja
and
Breslin
Julia
,
425
57
.
New York
:
Freedom House, Rowman and Littlefield
,
2010
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Women in Civic and Political Life: Reform under Authoritarian Regimes
.” In
Political Change in the Arab Gulf States: Stuck in Transition
, edited by
Tetreault
Mary Ann
,
Okruhlik
Gwenn
, and
Kapiszewski
Andrzej
,
193
223
.
Boulder
:
Lynne Rienner
,
2011
.
Dowler
,
Lorraine
, and
Sharp
Joanne
. “
A Feminist Geopolitics?
Space and Polity
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
165
76
.
Eckoldt
,
Kai
,
Hassenzahl
Marc
,
Laschke
Matthias
, and
Knobel
Martin
. “
Alternatives: Exploring the Car’s Design Space from an Experience-Oriented Perspective
.”
Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces
,
156
64
.
New York
:
Association for Computing Machinery
,
2013
.
Ehsani
,
Kaveh
. “
Radical Democratic Politics and Public Space
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
46
, no.
1
(
2014
):
159
62
.
Eileraas
,
Karina
. “
Sex(t)ing Revolution, Femen-izing the Public Square: Aliaa Magda ElMahdy, Nude Protest, and Transnational Feminist Body Politics
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
40
52
.
Elinso
,
Alexander
. “
Darija and Changing Writing Practices in Morocco
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
45
, no.
4
(
2013
):
715
30
.
Elnaggar
,
Ayman
. “
Towards Gender Equal Access to ICT
.”
Information Technology for Development
14
, no.
4
(
2008
):
280
93
.
Elsadda
,
Hoda
. “
Arab Women Bloggers: The Emergence of Literary Counterpublics
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
3
, no.
3
(
2010
):
312
32
.
Eltahawi
,
Mona
. “
Why Do They Hate Us? The Real War on Women Is in the Middle East
.”
Foreign Policy
,
23
April
2012
.
England
,
Kim V. L.
Getting Personal: Reflexivity, Positionality, and Feminist Research
.”
Professional Geographer
46
, no.
1
(
1994
):
241
385
.
Enloe
,
Cynthia
.
Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
Ennaji
,
Moha
. “
Multiculturalism, Gender and Political Participation in Morocco
.”
Diogenes
57
, no.
1
(
2010
):
46
56
.
Errazouki
,
Samia
. “
Working-Class Women Revolt: Gendered Political Economy in Morocco
.”
Journal of North African Studies
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
259
67
.
Eslen-Ziya
Hande
. “
Türk Ceza Kanunu Değişiminde Kadın Aktivistler: Bir Lobicilik Hikayesi” (The Role of Women Activists in Changing Turkey’s Penal Code: A Story of Lobbying)
.
Sosyoloji Araştırmaları Dergisi
15
(
2012
):
120
49
.
Fahmi
,
Wael Salah
. “
Bloggers’ Street Movement and the Right to the City: (Re)Claiming Cairo’s Real and Virtual ‘Spaces of Freedom.’
Environment and Urbanization
21
, no.
1
(
2009
):
89
107
.
Ferguson
,
James
, and
Gupta
Akhil
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.”
American Ethnologist
29
, no.
4
(
2004
):
981
1002
.
Fluri
,
Jennifer
. “
Armored Peacocks and Proxy Bodies: Gender Geopolitics in Aid/Development Spaces of Afghanistan
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
519
36
.
Foley
,
Sean
. “
All I Want Is Equality with Girls: Gender and Social Change in the Twenty-First Century Gulf
.”
Middle East Review of International Affairs
14
, no.
1
(
2010
):
21
37
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Modern Prison
. Translated by
Sheridan
Alan
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1977
.
Foucault
,
Michel
, and
Moskowitz
Jay
. “
Of Other Spaces
.”
Diacritics
16
, no.
1
(
1986
):
22
27
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy
.” In
Civil Society and Democracy: A Reader
, edited by
Elliott
Carolyn M.
,
83
105
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2003
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy
.”
Social Text
, no.
25/26
(
1990
):
56
80
.
Fuccaro
,
Nelida
.
Histories of City and State in the Persian Gulf: Manama since 1800
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2009
.
Fuccaro
,
Nelida
. “
Understanding the Urban History of Bahrain
.”
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies
9
, no.
17
(
2000
):
49
81
.
Fuchs
,
Christian
,
Boersma
Kees
,
Albrechtslund
Anders
, and
Sandoval
Marisol
.
Internet and Surveillance: The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2012
.
Galán
,
Susana
. “
‘Today I Have Seen Angels in Shape of Humans’: An Emotional History of the Egyptian Revolution through the Narratives of Female Personal Bloggers
.”
Journal of International Women’s Studies
13
, no.
5
(
2012
):
17
30
.
Gardner
,
Andrew M.
City of Strangers: Gulf Migration and the Indian Community in Bahrain
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2010
.
Gauch
,
Suzanne
.
Liberating Shahrazad: Feminism, Postcolonialism, and Islam
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2007
.
Genz
,
Stéphanie
. “
Third Way/ve: The Politics of Postfeminism
.”
Feminist Theory
7
, no.
3
(
2006
):
333
53
.
Gershon
,
Ilana
.
The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2010
.
al-Ghamidi
,
S. F.
Structure of the Tribe and Urbanization in Saudi Arabia
.
Jeddah
:
Al-Shrooq Press
,
1981
.
Ghannam
,
Farha
.
Remaking the Modern: Space, Relocation, and the Politics of Identity in a Global Cairo
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Ghonim
,
Wael
.
Revolution 2.0: How the Power of the People Is Greater Than the People in Power. A Memoir
.
New York
:
Mariner Books
,
2013
.
Graciet
,
Catherine
, and
Laurent
Eric
.
Le Roi predateur: Main basse sur le Maroc
.
Paris
:
Seuil
,
2012
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci
. Edited and translated by
Hoare
Quintin
and
Smith
Geoffrey Nowell
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1971
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
The Southern Question
.
Toronto
:
Guernica Editions
,
2005
.
Greenfield
,
Lauren
.
Thin
.
Documentary
.
Santa Monica, CA
:
HBO
,
2006
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
.
Transnational America: Feminisms, Diasporas, Neoliberalisms
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Ferguson
James
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.” In
Anthropologies of Modernity: Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics
, edited by
Inda
Jonathan Xavier
,
105
32
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Habermas
Jürgen
.
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
,
1991
.
Haddad
,
Joumana
. “
Look Me in the Eyes … I Said the Eyes
.”
Now Media
,
28
December
2012
. .
Haddad
,
Saleem
, and
Rogers
Joshua
. “
Public Protest and Visions for Change: Voices from within Yemen’s Peaceful Youth Movement (Al-Haraka Al-Shababiya Al-Silmiya)
.”
Paper presented at BRISMES Annual Conference
,
London
,
26–28 March 2012
.
Hafez
,
Sherine
. “
Bodies That Protest: The Girl in the Blue Bra, Sexuality, and State Violence in Revolutionary Egypt
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
20
28
.
Hafez
,
Sherine
. “
The Revolution Shall Not Pass through Women’s Bodies: Egypt, Uprising and Gender Politics
.”
Journal of North African Studies
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
172
85
.
Hakim
,
Catherine
. “
Erotic Capital
.”
European Sociological Review
26
, no.
5
(
2010
):
499
518
.
Halberstam
,
Judith
. “
Imagined Violence, Queer Violence: Representation, Rage and Resistance
.”
Social Text
37
(Winter
1993
):
187
201
.
Halliday
,
Fred
. “
The Third Inter-Yemeni War and Its Consequences
.”
Asian Affairs
26
, no.
2
(
1995
):
131
40
.
Hanafi
,
Sari
. “
The Arab Revolutions: The Emergence of a New Political Subjectivity
.”
Contemporary Arab Affairs
5
, no.
2
(
2012
):
198
213
.
Hansen
,
Henny Harald
. “
Investigations in a Shiʿa Village in Bahrain
.”
PhD diss.
,
National Museum of Denmark
,
1968
.
Haraway
,
Donna
.
Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Haraway
,
Donna
. “
Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective
.”
Feminist Studies
14
, no.
3
(
1988
):
575
99
.
Harlow
,
Barbara
.
Introduction to The Colonial Harem, by Malek Alloula
. Translated by
Myrna
and
Godzich
Wlad
,
ix
xxii
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1986
.
Harlow
,
Barbara
.
Resistance Literature
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1987
.
Harmanşah
,
Ömür
. “
Urban Utopias and How They Fell Apart: The Political Ecology of Gezi Parkı
.” In
The Making of a Protest Movement in Turkey: #occupygezi
, edited by
Özkırımlı
Umut
,
121
33
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2014
.
Harvey
,
David
. “
Class Relations, Social Justice and the Politics of Difference
.” In
Place and the Politics of Identity
, edited by
Keith
M.
and
Pile
S.
,
41
66
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Harvey
,
David
.
Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution
.
London
:
Verso
,
2013
.
Hasso
,
Frances S.
Consuming Desires: Family Crisis and the State in the Middle East
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2011
.
Hayes
,
Jarrod
.
Queer Nations: Marginal Sexualities in the Maghreb
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2000
.
Heinze
,
Marie-Christine
. “
On ‘Gun Culture’ and ‘Civil Statehood’ in Yemen
.”
Journal of Arabian Studies
4
, no.
1
(
2014
):
70
95
.
Herrera
,
Linda
.
Revolution in the Age of Social Media: The Egyptian Popular Insurrection and the Internet
.
London
:
Verso
,
2014
.
Herzog
,
Hanna
. “
Mixed Cities as a Place of Choice: The Palestinian Women’s Perspective
.” In
Mixed Towns, Trapped Communities: Historical Narratives, Spatial Dynamics, Gender Relations and Cultural Encounters in Palestinian-Israeli Towns
, edited by
Rabinowitz
Dan
and
Monterescu
Daniel
,
243
57
.
Burlington, VT
:
Ashgate
,
2007
.
Hill Collins
,
Patricia
.
Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment
.
Boston
:
Unwin Hyman
,
1990
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Black Looks: Race and Representation
.
Boston
:
South End
,
1992
.
Howard
,
Philip N.
, and
Hussain
Muzammil M.
.
Democracy’s Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2013
.
Hudson
,
Ray
. “
Regions and Place: Music, Identity, and Place
.”
Progress in Human Geography
30
, no.
5
(
2006
):
626
34
.
Hyndman
,
Jennifer
. “
Mind the Gap: Bridging Feminist and Political Geography through Geopolitics
.”
Political Geography
23
, no.
3
(
2004
):
307
22
.
Icaza
,
Rosalba
, and
Vázquez
Rolando
. “
Social Struggles as Epistemic Struggles
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
683
704
.
Irigaray
,
Luce
.
This Sex Which Is Not One
. Translated by
Porter
Catherine
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1985
.
Isin
,
Engin F.
Engaging, Being, Political
.”
Political Geography
24
, no.
3
(
2005
):
373
87
.
Ismael
,
Tareq Y.
, and
Ismael
Jacqueline S.
.
The People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen: Politics, Economics and Society
.
London
:
Frances Pinter
,
1986
.
Ismail
,
Salwa
. “
Urban Subalterns in the Arab Revolutions: Cairo and Damascus in Comparative Perspective
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
55
, no.
4
(
2013
):
865
94
.
el-Issawi
,
Fatima
. “
The Arab Spring and the Challenge of Minority Rights: Will the Arab Revolutions Overcome the Legacy of the Past?
European View
10
, no.
2
(
2011
):
249
58
.
Joffé
,
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
, eds.
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Joffé
,
George
. “
Introduction: Yemen and the Contemporary Middle East
.” In
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies
,
University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
, edited by
Joffé
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Jones
,
Sandy Russell
. “
God’s Law or State’s Law: Authority and Islamic Family Law Reform in Bahrain
.”
PhD diss.
,
University of Pennsylvania
,
2010
.
Kandaswamy
,
Priya
. “
Gendering Racial Formation
.” In
Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century
, edited by
HoSang
Daniel Martinez
,
LaBennett
Oneka
, and
Pulido
Laura
,
23
43
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2012
.
Karaman
,
Ozan
. “
Urban Neoliberalism with Islamic Characteristics
.”
Urban Studies
50
, no.
16
(
2013
):
3412
27
.
Kärrholm
,
Mattias
. “
Interstitial Space and the Transformation of Retail Building Types
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
135
52
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Katz
,
Cindi
. “
On the Grounds of Globalization: A Topography for Feminist Political Engagement
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
26
, no.
4
(
2001
):
1213
34
.
Kedourie
,
Elie
. “
‘Civil Politics’ in the Middle East
.”
American Scholar
57
, no.
1
(
1988
):
107
10
.
Kelly
,
Sanja
. “
Hard-Won Progress and a Long Road Ahead: Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa
.” In
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress amid Resistance
, edited by
Kelly
Sanja
and
Breslin
Julia
,
1
14
.
New York
:
Freedom House, Rowman and Littlefield
,
2010
.
Khalaf
,
Abdulhadi
.
“Double Efforts to Contain Women’s Mobility in Bahrain” (Arabic)
.
As-Safir
,
10
October
2012
, .
Khalaf
,
Amal
. “
The Many Afterlives of Lulu: The Story of Bahrain’s Pearl Roundabout
.”
Ibraaz
,
20
February
2013
. .
Khalaf
,
Amal
. “
Squaring the Circle: Bahrain’s Pearl Roundabout.” “The Arab Uprisings of 2011,
special issue, Middle East Critique
22
, no.
3
(
2013
):
265
80
.
Khosrokhavar
,
Farhad
.
The New Arab Revolutions That Shook the World
.
Boulder
:
Paradigm
,
2012
.
Khuri
,
Fuad I.
Tribe and State in Bahrain: The Transformation of Social and Political Authority in an Arab State
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1980
.
Kies
,
Samantha Mallory
. “
Matriarchy, the Colonial Situation, and the Women’s War of 1929 in Southeastern Nigeria
.”
MA thesis
,
Eastern Michigan University
,
2013
.
Kilbourne
,
Jean
. “
‘The More You Subtract, the More You Add’: Cutting Girls Down to Size
.” In
Gender, Race and Class in Media
,
2nd
edition, edited by
Dines
Gail
and
Humez
Jean
,
258
67
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
,
2003
.
Kofman
,
Eleonore
, and
Peak
Linda
. “
Into the 1990s: A Gendered Agenda for Political Geography
.”
Political Geography Quarterly
9
, no.
4
(
1990
):
313
36
.
Konda
. “
Gezi Report: Public Perception of the ‘Gezi Protests’ and Who Were the People at Gezi Park
.”
5
June
2014
. .
Kongar
,
Emre
, and
Küçükkaya
Aykut
.
Gezi Direnişi (Gezi Resistance)
.
Istanbul
:
Cumhuriyet
,
2013
.
Koning
,
Anouk de
. “
Gender, Public Space and Social Segregation in Cairo: Of Taxi Drivers, Prostitutes and Professional Women
.”
Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography
41
, no.
3
(
2009
):
533
56
.
Koskela
,
Hille
. “
Urban Space in Plural: Elastic, Tamed, Suppressed
.” In
A Companion to Feminist Geography
, edited by
Nelson
Lise
and
Seager
Joni
,
257
70
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Kotnik
,
Toni
. “
The Mirrored Public: Architecture and Gender Relationship in Yemen
.”
Space and Culture
8
, no.
4
(
2005
):
472
83
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan M.
The Revolutionary Body Politic: Preliminary Thoughts on a Neglected Medium in the Arab Uprisings
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
5
, no.
1
(
2012
):
66
74
.
Langohr
,
Vickie
. “
Women’s Rights Movements during Political Transitions: Activism against Public Sexual Violence in Egypt
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
47
, no.
1
(
2015
):
131
35
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
The Production of Space. 1974
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1991
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
Writings on Cities
. Translated by
Koffman
Eleonore
and
Lebas
Elizabeth
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Leonard
,
Karen
. “
South Asian Workers in the Gulf: Jockeying for Places
.” In
Globalization under Construction: Governmentality, Law, and Identity
, edited by
Perry
Richard Warren
and
Maurer
Bill
,
129
70
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Le Renard
,
Amélie
. “
‘Only for Women’: Women, the State, and Reform in Saudi Arabia
.”
Middle East Journal
6
, no.
4
(
2008
):
610
29
.
Le Renard
,
Amélie
. “
Young Urban Saudi Women’s Transgressions of Official Rules and the Production of a New Social Group
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
9
, no.
3
(
2013
):
108
35
.
Lévesque
,
Luc
. “
Trajectories of Interstitial Landscapeness: A Conceptual Framework for Territorial Imagination and Action
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
21
64
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Lobo
,
Sunila
, and
Elaluf-Calderwood
Silvia
. “
The BlackBerry Veil: Mobile Use and Privacy Practices by Young Female Saudis
.”
Journal of Islamic Marketing
3
, no.
2
(
2012
):
190
206
.
Longhurst
,
Robyn
.
Bodies: Exploring Fluid Boundaries
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Longhurst
,
Robyn
. “
The Geography Closest In—The Body … the Politics of Pregnability
.”
Australian Geographical Studies
32
, no.
2
(
1994
):
214
23
.
Louër
,
Laurence
.
Shiism and Politics in the Middle East
. Translated by
King
John
.
London
:
C. Hurst
,
2012
.
Lynch
,
Marc
. “
Blogging the New Arab Public
.”
Arab Media and Society
,
February
2007
. .
Maghraoui
,
Driss
. “
Constitutional Reforms in Morocco: Between Consensus and Subaltern Politics
.”
Journal of North African Studies
16
, no.
4
(
2011
):
679
99
.
Makdisi
,
Ussama
.
The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2000
.
al-Marshad
,
ʿAbbas Mirza
, and
al-Khawaja
ʿAbdulhadi
.
Political Organizations and Societies in Bahrain: A Descriptive Human Rights Study (Arabic)
.
Manama, Bahrain
:
Faradis
,
2008
.
Marston
,
Sallie
. “
The Social Construction of Scale
.”
Progress in Human Geography
24
, no.
2
(
2000
):
219
42
.
Marston
,
Sallie
. “
Who Are ‘the People’? Gender, Citizenship and the Making of the American Nation
.”
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
8
, no.
4
(
1990
):
449
58
.
Massey
,
Doreen
.
For Space
.
London
:
Sage
,
2005
.
Massey
,
Doreen
. “
Politics and Space/Time
.” In
Place and the Politics of Identity
, edited by
Keith
Michael
and
Pile
Steve
,
141
61
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Massumi
,
Brian
.
Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
McDowell
,
Linda
.
Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Mchich
,
Houria Alami
.
Genre et politique au Maroc: Les enjeux de l’egalité hommes-femmes entre Islamisme et modernisme (Gender and Politics in Morocco: The Stakes of Male-Female Equality between Islamism and Modernism)
.
Paris
:
L’Harmattan
,
2002
.
Meijer
,
Roel
. “
Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Gender-Segregation Debate
.”
Middle East Policy
17
, no.
4
(
2010
):
80
100
.
Mejias
,
Ulises A.
Liberation Technology and the Arab Spring: From Utopia to Atopia and Beyond
.”
Fibreculture Journal
20
(
June
2012
). .
Mermier
,
Franck
. “
Le mouvement sudiste
.” In
Yémen, le tournant révolutionnaire
, edited by
Bonnefoy
L.
,
Mermier
F.
, and
Poirier
M.
,
41
65
.
Sanaʿa
:
CEFAS-Éditions Karthala
,
2012
.
Mernissi
,
Fatima
.
Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Mernissi
,
Fatima
.
Scheherazade Goes West: Different Cultures, Different Harems
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2001
.
Mills
,
Amy
. “
Critical Place Studies and Middle East Histories: Power, Politics, and Social Change
.”
History Compass
10
, no.
10
(
2012
):
778
88
.
Mirzoeff
,
Nicholas
.
Bodyscape: Art, Modernity and the Ideal Figure
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Mitchell
,
Don
. “
Feminism and Cultural Change: Geographies of Gender
.” In
Cultural Geography: A Critical Introduction
,
199
229
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2000
.
Mitchell
,
Don
.
The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space
.
New York
:
Guilford
,
2003
.
Mitra
,
Ananda
. “
Voices of the Marginalized on the Internet: Examples from a Website for Women of South Asia
.”
Journal of Communication
54
, no.
3
(
2004
):
492
510
.
Molyneux
,
Maxine
. “
Women and Revolution in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen
.”
Feminist Review
, no.
1
(
1979
):
5
20
.
Morse
,
Margaret
.
Virtualities: Television, Media Art, and Cyberculture
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1998
.
Morton
,
Adam David
.
Unravelling Gramsci: Hegemony and Passive Revolution in the Global Economy
.
London
:
Pluto
,
2007
.
Mouffe
,
Chantal
. “
Deliberative Democracy or Agonistic Pluralism
.”
Institute for Advanced Studies
,
Vienna
.
December
2002
. .
Mouffe
,
Chantal
.
On the Political
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Mouffe
,
Chantal
.
The Return of the Political
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2005
.
Mourad
,
Sara
. “
The Naked Body of Alia: Gender, Citizenship, and the Egyptian Body Politic
.”
Journal of Communication Inquiry
38
, no.
1
(
2014
):
62
78
.
Mubi Brighenti
,
Andrea
.
Introduction to Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
xv
xxiii
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Mulvey
,
Laura
. “
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema
.”
Screen
16
, no.
3
(
1975
):
6
18
.
Muñoz
,
José E.
Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Naji
,
Ahmed
.
Al-Mudawwanat min al-Bust ila al-Twit (Blogs from Posting to Tweeting)
.
Cairo
:
Arab Network for Human Rights Information
,
2010
.
Nakamura
,
Lisa
.
Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Nast
,
Heidi
, and
Pile
Steve
, eds.
Places through the Body
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1998
.
Neti
,
Leila
. “
Blood and Dirt: Politics of Women’s Protest in Armagh Prison, Northern Ireland
.” In
Violence and the Body: Race, Gender, and the State
, edited by
Aldama
Arturo
,
77
93
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2003
.
Nora
,
Pierre
. “
Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de mémoire.
Representations
26
(Spring
1989
):
7
24
.
Norton
,
Augustus Richard
.
Introduction to Civil Society in the Middle East, vol. 1
, edited by
Norton
Augustus Richard
,
1
25
.
Leiden
:
Brill
,
2005
.
Nouraie-Simone
Fereshteh
. “
Wings of Freedom: Iranian Women, Identity, and Cyberspace
.” In
On Shifting Ground: Muslim Women in the Global Era
, edited by
Nouraie-Simone
Fereshteh
,
61
79
.
New York
:
Feminist Press at the City University of New York
,
2005
.
Omi
,
Michael
, and
Winant
Howard
. “
Once More, with Feeling: Reflections on Racial Formation.” “Special Topic: Comparative Racialization,
PMLA
123
, no.
5
(
2008
):
1565
72
.
Omi
,
Michael
, and
Winant
Howard
.
Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s
.
2nd
edition.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Al Omran
,
Ahmed
. “
‘A Historical Moment’: The Saudi Women Challenging a Government by Driving
.”
NPR
,
19
June
2011
. .
Öniş
,
Ziya
. “
Sharing Power: Turkey’s Democratization Challenge in the Age of the AKP Hegemony
.”
Insight Turkey
15
(
2013
):
103
22
.
Öniş
,
Ziya
. “
The Triumph of Conservative Globalism: The Political Economy of the AKP Era
.”
Turkish Studies
13
, no.
2
(
2012
):
135
52
.
Otterman
,
Sharon
. “
Publicizing the Private: Egyptian Women Bloggers Speak Out
.”
Arab Media and Society
1
(
February
2007
):
1
17
.
Ó Tuathail
,
Gearóid
.
Critical Geopolitics: The Politics of Writing Global Space
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Ousmanova
,
Almira
. “
Flashmob—The Divide between Art and Politics in Belarus
.”
Art Margins Online
,
15
July
2010
. .
Özbudun
,
Ergun
. “
AKP at the Crossroads: Erdoğan’s Majoritarian Drift
.”
South European Society and Politics
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
155
67
.
Paluch
,
Marta
.
Yemeni Voices: Women Tell Their Stories
.
Sanaʿa
:
British Council
,
2001
.
Pandya
,
Sophia
.
Muslim Women and Islamic Resurgence: Religion, Education, and Identity Politics in Bahrain
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2012
.
Pandya
,
Sophia
. “
Women’s Shiʿi Maʾatim in Bahrain
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
6
, no.
2
(
2010
):
31
58
.
Parmar
,
Pratibha
.
A Place of Rage
.
Documentary
.
London
:
Women Make Movies
,
1991
.
Peirce
,
Leslie P.
The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos
Andreas
. “
Spatial Justice in the Lawscape
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
87
102
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Pratt
,
Geraldine
, and
Hanson
Susan
. “
Geography and the Construction of Difference
.”
Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography
1
, no.
1
(
1994
):
5
29
.
Princess Tam Tam
.
Directed by Edmond T. Greville
.
New York
:
Kino on Video International
,
1935
.
al-Rabiʿi
,
Fadhl ʿAbdulla
.
Fashl mashruʿ al-wahda bayna jumhuriyya al-yaman al-dimuqratiyya al-shaʿbiyya wal-jumhuriyya al-ʿarabiyya al-yamaniyya: Madkhal li fahm qadiyya al-janub wal haraka al-silmiyya (Failure of the Unity between the PDRY and the Yemen Arab Republic: An Introduction to Understanding the Southern Cause and the Peaceful Movement)
.
N.p.
:
Madar
,
2013
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Dissensus: On Politics and Aesthetics
. Translated by
Corcoran
Steven
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2010
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
The Nights of Labor: The Workers’ Dream in Nineteenth Century France
. Translated by
Dasgupta
Rana
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1989
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
Politics and Aesthetics: An Interview
.”
Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities
8
, no.
2
(
2003
):
191
211
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
The Politics of Aesthetics: The Distribution of the Sensible
. Translated by
Rockhill
Gabriel
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2004
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
Ten Theses on Politics
.”
Theory and Event
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
1
18
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
The Thinking of Dissensus: Politics and Aesthetics
.” In
Reading Rancière: Critical Dissensus
, edited by
Bowman
Paul
and
Stamp
Richard
,
1
17
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2011
.
al-Rasheed
Madawi
.
Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2006
.
al-Rasheed
Madawi
.
A Most Masculine State: Gender, Politics, and Religion in Saudi Arabia
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2013
.
Renan
,
Ernest
.
Études d’histoire religieuse
.
1857
.
Saint-Armand
:
Gallimard
,
1992
.
Renan
,
Ernest
.
Qu’est-ce qu’une nation?
Paris
:
Presses-Pocket
,
1992
.
Rheingold
,
Howard
.
Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Perseus
,
2002
.
Rifaat
,
Yasmine
. “
Blogging the Body: The Case of Egypt
.”
Surfacing
1
, no.
1
(
2008
):
52
71
.
Rogers
,
Joshua
,
Wright
Hannah
,
Haddad
Saleem
,
Baabad
Marwa
, and
Gaber
Basma
. “
‘It’s Dangerous to Be the First’: Security Barriers to Women’s Public Participation in Egypt, Libya and Yemen
.”
Saferworld
,
October
2013
. .
Rooney
,
Caroline
.
“‘In Less Than Five Years’: Rehab Bassam Interviewed by Caroline Rooney, Dar Al-Shorouk, Nasr City, Cairo, April 2010.” “Egyptian Literary Culture and Egyptian Modernity,” special issue
,
Journal of Postcolonial Writing
47
, no.
4
(
2011
):
467
76
.
Rose
,
Gillian
.
Feminism and Geography: The Limits of Geographical Knowledge
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
1993
.
Rose
,
Gillian
.
Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials
.
3rd edition
.
London
:
Sage
,
2012
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1999
.
Sadiqi
,
Fatima
, and
Ennaji
.
Moha
The Feminization of Public Space: Women’s Activism, the Family Law, and Social Change in Morocco
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
2
, no.
2
(
2006
):
86
114
.
Al Saggaf
,
Yeslam
. “
The Effect of Online Community on Offline Community in Saudi Arabia
.”
Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries
16
, no.
2
(
2004
):
1
16
.
Salazar Parreñas
,
Rhacel
.
Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration, and Domestic Work
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2001
.
Saldana-Portillo
,
Maria Josefina
.
The Revolutionary Imagination in the Americas and the Age of Development
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
Arab Revolutions: Legible, Illegible Bodies
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
35
, no.
3
(
2015
):
525
38
.
Salime
,
Zakia
.
Between Feminism and Islam: Human Rights and Shariʿa Law in Morocco
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2011
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
I Vote, I Sing: The Rise of Aesthetic Citizenship in Morocco
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
47
, no.
1
(
2015
):
136
39
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
New Feminism as Personal Revolutions: Microrebellious Bodies
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
14
20
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
Securing the Market, Pacifying Civil Society, Empowering Women: The Middle East Partnership Initiative
.”
Sociological Forum
25
, no.
4
(
2010
):
725
45
.
al-Saqqaf
,
Abu Bakr
. “
Equal Citizenship: The Big Absence
.” In
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies,
University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
, edited by
Joffé
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
,
127
30
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Schaap
,
Andrew
. “
Enacting the Right to Have Rights: Jacques Rancière’s Critique of Hannah Arendt
.”
European Journal of Political Theory
10
, no.
1
(
2011
):
22
45
.
Sebbar
,
Leila
.
Sherazade: Missing, Aged 17, Dark Curly Hair, Green Eyes
. Translated by
Blair
Dorothy S.
.
London
:
Quartet Books
,
1991
.
Sebbar
,
Leila
, and
Belorgey
Jean-Michel
.
Femmes d’Afrique du Nord: Cartes postales (1885–1930)
.
Saint-Pourcain-sur-Sioule
:
Bleu autour
,
2002
.
Secor
,
Anna J.
Toward a Feminist Counter-Geopolitics: Gender, Space and Islamist Politics in Istanbul
.”
Space and Polity
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
191
211
.
Secor
,
Anna J.
The Veil and Urban Space in Istanbul: Women’s Dress, Mobility and Islamic Knowledge
.”
Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography
9
, no.
1
(
2002
):
5
22
.
Sghaier
,
Amira Aleya
.
Bourguiba: Le despote
.
Tunis
:
Maghreb International Presse et Editions
,
2011
.
Sghiri
,
Malek
. “
Greetings to the Dawn: Living through the Bittersweet Revolution (Tunisia)
.” In
Dairies of an Unfinished Revolution
, edited by
Al-Zubaidi
Layla
,
Cassel
Matthew
, and
Roderick
Nemonie Craven
, translated by
Moger
Robin
and
Collins
Georgina
,
9
47
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
2013
.
Shabout
,
Nada
. “
Whose Space Is It?
International Journal of Middle East Studies
46
, no.
1
(
2014
):
163
65
.
Shah
,
Nishant
. “
Citizen Action in the Time of the Network
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
665
81
.
Sharpley-Whiting
,
Denean T.
Pimps Up, Ho’s Down: Hip Hop’s Hold on Young Black Women
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2007
.
Sheller
,
Mimi
. “
Automotive Emotions: Feeling the Car
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
21
, nos.
4–5
(
2004
):
221
42
.
Sheller
,
Mimi
, and
Urry
.
John
Mobile Transformations of ‘Public’ and ‘Private’ Life
.”
Theory, Culture, and Society
20
, no.
3
(
2003
):
107
25
.
Singh
,
Nikhil
. “
Racial Formation in an Age of Permanent War
.” In
Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century
, edited by
HoSang
Daniel Martinez
,
LaBennett
Oneka
, and
Pulido
Laura
,
276
301
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2012
.
Skalli
,
Loubna H.
Communicating Gender in the Public Sphere: Women and Information Technologies in the MENA
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
2
, no.
2
(
2006
):
35
59
.
Skalli
,
Loubna H.
Youth Media and the Politics of Change in North Africa: Negotiating Identities, Spaces and Power
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
6
, no.
1
(
2013
):
1
10
.
Smith
,
Sara
. “
Intimate Geopolitics: Religion, Marriage, and Reproductive Bodies in Leh, Ladakh
.”
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
102
, no.
6
(
2012
):
1511
28
.
Smith
,
Sara
. “
She Says to Herself, ‘I Have No Future’: Love, Fate, and Territory in Leh District, India
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
455
76
.
Sontag
,
Susan
.
On Photography
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
1977
.
Sowards
,
Stacey K.
, and
Renegar
Valerie R.
. “
The Rhetorical Functions of Consciousness-Raising in Third Wave Feminism
.”
Communication Studies
55
, no.
4
(
2004
):
535
52
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
. “
French Feminism in an International Frame.”
Yale French Studies
, no.
62
(
1981
):
154
84
.
Staeheli
,
Lynn
, and
Kofman
.
Eleonore
Mapping Gender, Making Politics: Towards Feminist Political Geographies
.” In
Mapping Women, Making Politics: Feminist Perspectives on Political Geography
, edited by
Kofman
Eleonore
and
Staeheli
Lynn
,
1
13
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Staeheli
,
Lynn
, and
Mitchell
.
Don
Spaces of Public and Private: Locating Politics
.” In
Spaces of Democracy: Geographical Perspectives on Citizenship, Participation, and Representation
, edited by
Barnett
Clive
and
Low
Murray
,
147
60
.
London
:
Sage
,
2004
.
Steg
,
Linda
. “
Car Use: Lust and Must. Instrumental, Symbolic and Affective Motives for Car Use
.”
Transportation Research Part A
39
, nos.
2–3
(
2005
):
147
62
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
. “
Intimidations of Empire: Predicaments of the Tactile and Unseen
.” In
Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History
, edited by
Stoler
Ann Laura
,
1
22
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Strobl
,
Staci
. “
From Colonial Policing to Community Policing in Bahrain: The Historical Persistence of Sectarianism
.”
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice
35
, no.
1
(
2011
):
19
37
.
Strobl
,
Staci
. “
The Women’s Police Directorate in Bahrain: An Ethnographic Exploration of Gender Segregation and the Likelihood of Future Integration
.”
International Criminal Justice Review
18
, no.
1
(
2008
):
39
58
.
Swanson
,
Nathan
. “
Embodying Tahrir: Bodies and Geopolitics in the 2011 Egyptian Uprising.”
Area
,
16
December
2014
. .
Tanke
,
Joseph J.
Jacques Rancière: An Introduction, Philosophy, Politics, Aesthetics
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2011
.
Taş
Tuğba
and
Taş
Oğuzhan
. “
Resistance on the Walls, Reclaiming Public Space: Street Art in Times of Political Turmoil in Turkey
.”
Interactions: Studies in Communication and Culture
5
, no.
3
(
2014
):
327
49
.
Taussig
,
Michael
.
The Nervous System
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Taylor
,
Charles
. “
Modern Social Imaginaries
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
91
124
.
Taylor
,
Charles
.
Modern Social Imaginaries
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Taylor
,
Charles
. “
To Follow a Rule …
” In
Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Calhoun
Craig
,
LiPuma
Edward
, and
Postone
Moishe
,
29
44
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
1993
.
Teitelbaum
,
Joshua
. “
Dueling for Daʿwa: State vs. Society on the Saudi Internet
.”
Middle East Journal
56
, no.
2
(
2002
):
222
39
.
Thiollet
Hélène
. “
The Ambivalence of Immigration Policy in Saudi Arabia: Public and Private Actors in Migration Management
.” In
Migrant Labor in the Gulf: Working Group Summary Report
, edited by
Center for International and Regional Studies
,
23
24
.
Doha
:
Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar
,
2011
. .
Toprak
,
Binnaz
,
Bozam
Iran
,
Murgul
Tan
, and
Sener
Nedim
.
Being Different in Turkey: Religion, Conservatism and Otherization
.
Istanbul
:
Bogazici University, Open Society Foundation
,
2009
.
Tozi
,
Mohamed
.
Al-Malakiyya wal-Islam al-Siyasi (The Kingdom and Political Islam)
.
Casablanca
:
Le Fennec
,
1999
.
Tuğal
,
Cihan
.
Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2009
.
Turam
,
Berna
.
Gaining Freedoms: Claiming Space in Istanbul and Berlin
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2015
.
Turkle
,
Sherry
.
Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2011
.
Urry
,
John
. “
Inhabiting the Car
.”
Sociological Review
54
, no.
s1
(
2006
):
17
31
.
Vom Bruck
,
Gabriele
. “
A House Turned Inside Out: Inhabiting Space in a Yemeni City
.”
Journal of Material Culture
2
, no.
2
(
1997
):
139
72
.
Warner
,
Michael
. “
Publics and Counterpublics
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
49
90
.
Wedeen
,
Lisa
. “
The Politics of Deliberation: Qāt Chews as Public Sphere in Yemen
.”
Public Culture
19
, no.
1
(
2007
):
59
84
.
Weitzer
,
Ronald
, and
E
.
Charis Kubrin
. “
Misogyny in Rap Music: A Content Analysis of Prevalence and Meanings
.”
Men and Masculinities
12
, no.
1
(
2009
):
3
29
.
Weyman
,
George
. “
Personal Blogging in Egypt: Pushing Social Boundaries or Reinforcing Them?”
Arab Media and Society
, no.
3
(Fall
2007
). .
Weyman
,
George
. “
Speaking the Unspeakable: Personal Blogs in Egypt.”
Arab Media and Society
, no.
3
(Fall
2007
). .
Wheeler
,
Deborah L.
Blessings and Curses: Women and the Internet Revolution in the Arab World
.” In
Women and Media in the Middle East: Power through Self-Expression
, edited by
Sakr
Naomi
,
138
61
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2004
.
Wheeler
,
Deborah L.
Empowerment Zones? Women, Internet Cafés, and Life Transformations in Egypt
.”
Information Technologies and International Development
4
, no.
2
(
2007
):
89
104
.
Women National Committee
. “
Status of Woman in Yemen
.”
1996
.
Accessed 11 June 2014. http://www.yemen-women.org/
.
Woodhull
,
Winifred
.
Transfigurations of the Maghreb: Feminism, Decolonization, and Literatures
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1993
.
Yadav
,
Stacey Philbrick
. “
Tawakkul Karman as Cause and Effect
.” In
The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East
, edited by
McMurray
David
and
Ufheil-Somers
Amanda
,
152
56
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2013
.
Yadav
,
Stacey Philbrick
, and
Carapico
.
Sheila
The Breakdown of the GCC Initiative
.”
Middle East Report
273
(
December
2014
):
2
6
.
Yazbek
,
Samar
.
Introduction to Diaries of an Unfinished Revolution: Voices from Tunisia to Damascus
, edited by
Al-Zubaidi
Layla
,
Cassel
Matthew
, and
Roderick
Nemonie Craven
, translated by
Moger
Robin
and
Collins
Georgina
,
1
7
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
2013
.
Young
,
Iris Marion
. “
Polity and Group Difference: A Critique of the Ideal of Universal Citizenship
.”
Ethics
99
, no.
2
(
1989
):
250
74
.
Yuce
,
Serpil
,
Agarwal
Nitin
, and
Wigand
Rolf T.
. “
Mapping Cyber-Collective Action among Female Muslim Bloggers for the Women to Drive Movement
.”
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
7812
(
2013
):
331
40
.
Zayzafoon Ben Youssef
,
Lamia
. “
Is It the End of State Feminism? Tunisian Women during and after the Revolution
.” In
The Arab Revolutions in Context: Civil Society and Democracy in a Changing Middle East
, edited by
Isakhan
Benjamin
,
Mansouri
Fethi
, and
Akbarzadeh
Sharam
,
41
62
.
Carlton
:
Melbourne University Publishing
,
2012
.
Zayzafoon Ben Youssef
,
Lamia
.
The Production of the Muslim Woman: Negotiating Text, History, and Ideology
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
,
2005
.
Zerilli
,
Linda M.G.
Feminism and the Abyss of Freedom
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2005
.
Zoepf
,
Katherine
. “
Shopgirls
.”
New Yorker
,
23
December
2013
. .

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Bibliography

Bibliography
Abdel Aal
,
Ghada
.
I Want to Get Married! One Wannabe Bride’s Misadventures with Handsome Houdinis, Technicolor Grooms, Morality Police, and Other Mr. Not Quite Rights
. Translated by
Tahawy
Nora El
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
2010
.
Acar
,
Feride
.
“Türkiye’de Kadınların İnsan Hakları: Uluslararası Standartlar, Hukuk ve Sivil Toplum” (Human Rights of Women in Turkey: International Standards, Law and Civil Society)
. In
Kadın Hakları Uluslararası Hukuk ve Uygulama (International Law of Women’s Rights and Its Implementation)
, edited by
Ayata
Gökēiēek
,
Dilek
Sevinē Eryılmaz
, and
Oder
Bertil Emrah
,
13
22
.
Istanbul
:
Istanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları
,
2010
.
Adler
,
Amy
. “
Performance Anxiety: Medusa, Sex, and the First Amendment
.”
Yale Journal of the Law and Humanities
21
, no.
2
(
2009
):
224
50
.
Ahmed
,
Leila
. “
Feminism and Feminist Movements in the Middle East, a Preliminary Exploration: Turkey, Egypt, Algeria, People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen
.” In
Arabian and Islamic Studies
, edited by
Bidwell
Robin
and
Smith
G. Rex
,
155
71
.
London
:
Longman
,
1983
.
Alami Mchichi
,
Houria
.
Genre et politique au Maroc: Les enjeux de l’egalité hommesfemmes entre islamisme et modernisme
.
Paris
:
L’Harmattan
,
2002
.
al-ʿAlas
,
Asmahan Aqlan
.
Awdaʿal-marʾa al-yamaniyya fi zul al-idara al-britaniyya liʿadan min 1937–1967 (The Situation of Yemeni Women during the Time of British Administration in Aden 1937–1967)
.
Aden, Yemen
:
Aden University Printing and Publishing House
,
2005
.
Alexanian
,
Janet A.
Publicly Intimate Online: Iranian Web Logs in Southern California
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East
26
, no.
2
(
2006
):
134
45
.
Alhadar
,
Ibrahim
, and
McCahill
Michael
. “
The Use of Surveillance Cameras in a Riyadh Shopping Mall: Protecting Profits or Protecting Morality?
Theoretical Criminology
15
, no.
3
(
2011
):
315
30
.
al-Ali
,
Nadje
. “
Gendering the Arab Spring
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
5
, no.
1
(
2012
):
26
31
.
al-Ali
,
Nadje
, and
Pratt
Nicola
.
What Kind of Liberation? Women and the Occupation of Iraq
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2009
.
Allen
,
John
.
Lost Geographies of Power
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
2003
.
AlSayyad
,
Nezar
. “
The Virtual Square: Urban Space, Media, and the Egyptian Uprising
.”
Harvard International Review
(Summer
2012
):
58
63
.
Amar
,
Paul
. “
Middle East Masculinity Studies: Discourses of ‘Men in Crisis,’ Industries of Gender in Revolution
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
7
, no.
3
(
2011
):
36
70
.
Amar
,
Paul
.
The Security Archipelago: Human-Security States, Sexuality Politics, and the End of Neoliberalism
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2013
.
Amar
,
Paul
. “
Turning the Gendered Politics of the Security State Inside Out?
International Journal of Politics
13
, no.
3
(
2011
):
299
328
.
Amir-Ebrahimi
Masserat
. “
Transgression in Narration: The Lives of Iranian Women in Cyberspace
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
4
, no.
3
(
2008
):
89
118
.
Aouragh
,
Miriyam
. “
Framing the Internet in the Arab Revolutions: Myth Meets Modernity
.”
Cinema Journal
52
, no.
1
(
2012
):
148
56
.
al-ʿAqil
,
H. M.
Qadiyyat al-janub wa haqaʾiq nahb mumtalakat dawla jumhuriyyat al-yaman al-dimuqratiyya al-shaʿbiyya, al-juzʾu al-awwal, al-tabaʿa al-thaniyya (“The Southern Cause and the Truth about the Plundering of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen State Property, Part 1”)
.
2nd
edition.
Cairo
:
Al-Markaz al-ʿArabi li Khidmat al-Sahafa wal-Nashr “Majid,”
2012
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
The Human Condition
.
2nd
edition.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Asbar Center for Studies, Research and Communications
. “
Uses of the Internet in the Saudi Society
.” .
Augé
,
Marc
.
Non-places: Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity
.
London
:
Verso
,
1995
.
Baber
,
Zaheer
. “
‘Race,’ Religion and Riots: The ‘Racialization’ of Communal Identity and Conflict in India
.”
Sociology
38
, no.
4
(
2004
):
701
18
.
Bakhtin
,
Mikhail
.
The Dialogic Imagination
. Translated by
Holquist
Michael
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1981
.
Bakhtin
,
Mikhail
.
The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays
.
Austin
:
University of Texas Press
,
1992
.
Bamyeh
,
Mohammed A.
The Arab Revolutions and the Making of a New Patriotism
.”
Orient: German Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture of the Middle East
52
, no.
3
(
July
2011
):
6
10
.
Bangstad
,
Sindre
. “
Contesting Secularism/s: Secularism and Islam in the Work of Talal Asad
.”
Anthropological Theory
9
, no.
2
(
2009
):
188
208
.
Ba-Obaid
,
Mohamed
, and
Bijleveld
Catherine
. “
Violence against Women in Yemen: Official Statistics and an Exploratory Survey
.”
International Review of Victimology
9
(
2002
):
331
47
.
Barthes
,
Roland
.
Camera Lucida
. Translated by
Howard
Richard
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1981
.
Barthes
,
Roland
.
Pleasure of the Text
. Translated by
Howard
Richard
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
1973
.
Bartky
,
Sandra Lee
. “
Foucault, Femininity and the Modernization of Patriarchal Power
.” In
Writing on the Body: Female Embodiment and Feminist Theory
, edited by
Conboy
Katie
,
Medina
Nadia
, and
Stanbury
Sarah
,
129
54
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1997
.
Bartu
,
Ayfer
. “
Rethinking Heritage Politics in a Global Context: A View from Istanbul
.” In
Hybrid Urbanism: On the Identity Discourse and the Built Environment
, edited by
AlSayyad
Nezar
,
131
55
.
Westport, CT
:
Praeger
,
2001
.
Bartu
,
Ayfer
. “
Who Owns the Old Quarters? Rewriting Histories in a Global Era
.” In
Istanbul: Between the Global and the Local
, edited by
Keyder
Çağlar
,
31
46
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
,
1997
.
Bassam
,
Rehab
.
Arrz bil-laban li-shakhsayn (Rice Pudding for Two)
.
Cairo
:
Dar al-Shuruq
,
2008
.
Bayat
,
Asef
. “
The Arab Spring and Its Surprises
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
587
601
.
Bayat
,
Asef
.
Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2006
.
Bayat
,
Asef
.
Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2007
.
Bayat
,
Asef
. “
A New Arab Street in Post-Islamist Times
.”
Foreign Policy
,
26
January
2011
.
Baydar
,
Gülsüm
. “
Embodied Spaces of Resistance
.”
Women’s Studies International Forum
50
(
May–June
2015
):
11
19
.
Bell
,
David
. “
Pleasure and Danger: The Paradoxical Spaces of Sexual Citizenship
.”
Political Geography
14
, no.
2
(
1995
):
139
53
.
Bell
,
Vikki
. “
On Speech, Race and Melancholia: An Interview with Judith Butler
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
(
April
1999
):
163
74
.
Benhabib
,
Seyla
. “
The Pariah and Her Shadow: Hannah Arendt’s Biography of Rahel Varnhagen
.”
Political Theory
23
, no.
1
(
1995
):
5
24
.
Bennani-Chraïbi
,
Soumia
.
Soumis et rebelles, les jeunes au Maroc
.
Paris
:
CNRS, Éditions Méditerranée
,
1994
.
Bennett
,
Andy
. “
Music, Media and Urban Mythscapes: A Study of the ‘Canterbury Sound.’
Media, Culture and Society
24
, no.
1
(
2002
):
88
100
.
Berger
,
John
.
Ways of Seeing
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1972
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
. “
Intimacy: A Special Issue
.”
Critical Inquiry
24
, no.
2
(
1998
):
281
88
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
The Queen of America Goes to Washington City
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, and
Prosser
Jay
. “
Life Writing and Intimate Publics: A Conversation with Lauren Berlant
.”
Biography
34
, no.
1
(
2011
):
180
87
.
Beşpınar
,
Fatma Umut
. “
Women and Gender
.” In
Turkey and the Politics of National Identity: Social, Economic and Cultural Transformation
, edited by
Brennan
Shane
and
Herzog
Marc
,
118
44
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2014
.
Bhabha
,
Homi
.
The Location of Culture
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Bhabha
,
Homi
. “
Remembering Fanon: What Does the Black Man Want?
New Formations
1
(Spring
1987
):
118
24
.
Biekart
,
Kees
, and
Fowler
Alan
. “
Transforming Activisms 2010+: Exploring Ways and Waves
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
527
46
.
Bondi
,
Liz
, and
Davidson
Joyce
. “
Situating Gender
.” In
A Companion to Feminist Geography
, edited by
Nelson
Lise
and
Seager
Joni
,
15
31
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
.
La Domination Masculine
.
Paris
:
Editions du Seuil
,
1998
.
Bourdieu
,
Pierre
. “
Social Space and Symbolic Power
.”
Sociological Theory
7
, no.
1
(
1989
):
14
25
.
Bourqia
,
Rahma
,
Ayadi
Mohammed El
,
Harrass
Mokhtar El
, and
Rachik
Hassan
.
Les jeunes et les valeurs religieuses
.
Casablanca
:
Eddif and CODESRIA
,
2000
.
Bouzid
,
Nouri
.
Man of Ashes
.
Seattle
:
Arab Film Distribution
,
1986
.
VHS
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brynen
,
Rex
,
Korany
Bahgat
, and
Noble
Paul
.
Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World: Theoretical Perspectives. Vol. 1
.
Boulder
:
Lynne Rienner
,
1995
.
Butler
,
Judith
. “
Bodies in Alliance and Politics of the Street
.”
European Institute for Progressive Cultural Policies
. .
Butler
,
Judith
.
Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2006
.
Butler
,
Judith
, and
Athanasiou
Athena
.
Dispossession: The Performative in the Political
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
2013
.
Carapico
,
Sheila
. “
Demonstrators, Dialogues, Drones and Dialectics
.”
Middle East Report
269
(
2013
):
21
24
.
Carapico
,
Sheila
. “
No Exit: Yemen’s Existential Crisis
.” In
The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East
, edited by
McMurray
David
and
Ufheil-Somers
Amanda
,
120
27
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2013
.
Clifford
,
James
. “
Spatial Practices: Fieldwork, Travel, and the Disciplining of Anthropology
.” In
Anthropological Locations: Boundaries and Grounds of a Field Science
, edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Ferguson
James
,
185
222
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1997
.
Communication and Information Technology Commission
. “
Internet in Saudi Arabia
.” .
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
. “
Declarations, Reservations, and Objections to CEDAW
.”
UN Women
. .
Dabashi
,
Hamid
.
The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism
.
London
:
Zed Books
,
2012
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
.
Contesting Realities: The Public Sphere and Morality in Southern Yemen
.
New York
:
Syracuse University Press
,
2010
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Morphologies of Social Flows: Segregation, Time, and the Public Sphere
.” In
Gendering Urban Space in the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa
, edited by
Rieker
Martina
and
Ali
Kamran Asdar
,
45
70
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2008
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Readjusting Women’s Too Many Rights: The State, the Public Voice, and Women’s Rights in South Yemen
.” In
Feminist Activism, Women’s Rights and Legal Reform
, edited by
al-Sharmani
Mulki
,
48
72
.
New York
:
Zed Books
,
2014
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Segregation, Illegitimate Encounters, and Contextual Moralities: Sexualities in the Changing Public Sphere in Aden
.”
Hawwa: Journal of Women in the Middle East and the Islamic World
4
, no.
2
(
2006
):
214
36
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
The Southern Movement in Yemen
.”
ISIM Review
22
(Autumn
2008
):
50
51
.
Dahlgren
,
Susanne
. “
Welfare and Modernity: Three Concepts for the ‘Advanced Woman.’
” In
Interpreting Welfare and Relief in the Middle East
, edited by
Naguib
Nefissa
and
Okkenhaug
Inger Marie
,
129
48
.
Leiden
:
Brill
,
2008
.
Dean
,
Jodi
. “
Cybersalons and Civil Society: Rethinking the Public Sphere in Transnational Technoculture
.”
Public Culture
13
, no.
2
(
2001
):
243
65
.
de Certeau
,
Michel
.
The Practice of Everyday Life
. Translated by
Rendall
Steven
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1984
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Félix
.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia
. Translated by
Massumi
Brian
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1987
.
Diamond
,
Larry
. “
Liberation Technology
.”
Journal of Democracy
21
, no.
3
(
2010
):
69
83
.
Dikeç
,
Mustafa
. “
Space as a Mode of Political Thinking
.”
Geoforum
43
, no.
4
(
2012
):
669
76
.
Dinshaw
,
Carolyn
.
Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Dinshaw
,
Carolyn
.
How Soon Is Now? Medieval Texts, Amateur Readers, and the Queerness of Time
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Dixon
,
Deborah
, and
Marston
Sallie
. “
Introduction: Feminist Engagements with Geopolitics
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
445
53
.
Djebar
,
Assia
.
Fantasia: An Algerian Cavalcade
. Translated by
Blair
Dorothy S.
.
Portsmouth, NH
:
Heinemann
,
1993
.
Donadey
,
Anne
.
Recasting Postcolonialism: Women Writing between Worlds
.
Portsmouth, NH
:
Heinemann
,
2001
.
Doostdar
,
Alireza
. “
The Vulgar Spirit of Blogging: On Language, Culture, and Power in Persian Weblogestan
.”
American Anthropologist
106
, no.
4
(
2001
):
651
62
.
Douglas
,
J. Leigh
.
The Free Yemeni Movement 1935–1962
.
Beirut
:
American University of Beirut
,
1987
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Gender, Monarchy, and National Identity in Saudi Arabia
.”
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
19
, no.
1
(
1992
):
31
47
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Saudi Arabia
.” In
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress amid Resistance
, edited by
Kelly
Sanja
and
Breslin
Julia
,
425
57
.
New York
:
Freedom House, Rowman and Littlefield
,
2010
.
Doumato
,
Eleanor Abdella
. “
Women in Civic and Political Life: Reform under Authoritarian Regimes
.” In
Political Change in the Arab Gulf States: Stuck in Transition
, edited by
Tetreault
Mary Ann
,
Okruhlik
Gwenn
, and
Kapiszewski
Andrzej
,
193
223
.
Boulder
:
Lynne Rienner
,
2011
.
Dowler
,
Lorraine
, and
Sharp
Joanne
. “
A Feminist Geopolitics?
Space and Polity
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
165
76
.
Eckoldt
,
Kai
,
Hassenzahl
Marc
,
Laschke
Matthias
, and
Knobel
Martin
. “
Alternatives: Exploring the Car’s Design Space from an Experience-Oriented Perspective
.”
Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces
,
156
64
.
New York
:
Association for Computing Machinery
,
2013
.
Ehsani
,
Kaveh
. “
Radical Democratic Politics and Public Space
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
46
, no.
1
(
2014
):
159
62
.
Eileraas
,
Karina
. “
Sex(t)ing Revolution, Femen-izing the Public Square: Aliaa Magda ElMahdy, Nude Protest, and Transnational Feminist Body Politics
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
40
52
.
Elinso
,
Alexander
. “
Darija and Changing Writing Practices in Morocco
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
45
, no.
4
(
2013
):
715
30
.
Elnaggar
,
Ayman
. “
Towards Gender Equal Access to ICT
.”
Information Technology for Development
14
, no.
4
(
2008
):
280
93
.
Elsadda
,
Hoda
. “
Arab Women Bloggers: The Emergence of Literary Counterpublics
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
3
, no.
3
(
2010
):
312
32
.
Eltahawi
,
Mona
. “
Why Do They Hate Us? The Real War on Women Is in the Middle East
.”
Foreign Policy
,
23
April
2012
.
England
,
Kim V. L.
Getting Personal: Reflexivity, Positionality, and Feminist Research
.”
Professional Geographer
46
, no.
1
(
1994
):
241
385
.
Enloe
,
Cynthia
.
Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1990
.
Ennaji
,
Moha
. “
Multiculturalism, Gender and Political Participation in Morocco
.”
Diogenes
57
, no.
1
(
2010
):
46
56
.
Errazouki
,
Samia
. “
Working-Class Women Revolt: Gendered Political Economy in Morocco
.”
Journal of North African Studies
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
259
67
.
Eslen-Ziya
Hande
. “
Türk Ceza Kanunu Değişiminde Kadın Aktivistler: Bir Lobicilik Hikayesi” (The Role of Women Activists in Changing Turkey’s Penal Code: A Story of Lobbying)
.
Sosyoloji Araştırmaları Dergisi
15
(
2012
):
120
49
.
Fahmi
,
Wael Salah
. “
Bloggers’ Street Movement and the Right to the City: (Re)Claiming Cairo’s Real and Virtual ‘Spaces of Freedom.’
Environment and Urbanization
21
, no.
1
(
2009
):
89
107
.
Ferguson
,
James
, and
Gupta
Akhil
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.”
American Ethnologist
29
, no.
4
(
2004
):
981
1002
.
Fluri
,
Jennifer
. “
Armored Peacocks and Proxy Bodies: Gender Geopolitics in Aid/Development Spaces of Afghanistan
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
519
36
.
Foley
,
Sean
. “
All I Want Is Equality with Girls: Gender and Social Change in the Twenty-First Century Gulf
.”
Middle East Review of International Affairs
14
, no.
1
(
2010
):
21
37
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Modern Prison
. Translated by
Sheridan
Alan
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1977
.
Foucault
,
Michel
, and
Moskowitz
Jay
. “
Of Other Spaces
.”
Diacritics
16
, no.
1
(
1986
):
22
27
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy
.” In
Civil Society and Democracy: A Reader
, edited by
Elliott
Carolyn M.
,
83
105
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2003
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
. “
Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy
.”
Social Text
, no.
25/26
(
1990
):
56
80
.
Fuccaro
,
Nelida
.
Histories of City and State in the Persian Gulf: Manama since 1800
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2009
.
Fuccaro
,
Nelida
. “
Understanding the Urban History of Bahrain
.”
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies
9
, no.
17
(
2000
):
49
81
.
Fuchs
,
Christian
,
Boersma
Kees
,
Albrechtslund
Anders
, and
Sandoval
Marisol
.
Internet and Surveillance: The Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2012
.
Galán
,
Susana
. “
‘Today I Have Seen Angels in Shape of Humans’: An Emotional History of the Egyptian Revolution through the Narratives of Female Personal Bloggers
.”
Journal of International Women’s Studies
13
, no.
5
(
2012
):
17
30
.
Gardner
,
Andrew M.
City of Strangers: Gulf Migration and the Indian Community in Bahrain
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2010
.
Gauch
,
Suzanne
.
Liberating Shahrazad: Feminism, Postcolonialism, and Islam
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2007
.
Genz
,
Stéphanie
. “
Third Way/ve: The Politics of Postfeminism
.”
Feminist Theory
7
, no.
3
(
2006
):
333
53
.
Gershon
,
Ilana
.
The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
2010
.
al-Ghamidi
,
S. F.
Structure of the Tribe and Urbanization in Saudi Arabia
.
Jeddah
:
Al-Shrooq Press
,
1981
.
Ghannam
,
Farha
.
Remaking the Modern: Space, Relocation, and the Politics of Identity in a Global Cairo
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Ghonim
,
Wael
.
Revolution 2.0: How the Power of the People Is Greater Than the People in Power. A Memoir
.
New York
:
Mariner Books
,
2013
.
Graciet
,
Catherine
, and
Laurent
Eric
.
Le Roi predateur: Main basse sur le Maroc
.
Paris
:
Seuil
,
2012
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci
. Edited and translated by
Hoare
Quintin
and
Smith
Geoffrey Nowell
.
London
:
Lawrence and Wishart
,
1971
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
The Southern Question
.
Toronto
:
Guernica Editions
,
2005
.
Greenfield
,
Lauren
.
Thin
.
Documentary
.
Santa Monica, CA
:
HBO
,
2006
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
.
Transnational America: Feminisms, Diasporas, Neoliberalisms
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Ferguson
James
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.” In
Anthropologies of Modernity: Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics
, edited by
Inda
Jonathan Xavier
,
105
32
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Habermas
Jürgen
.
The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
,
1991
.
Haddad
,
Joumana
. “
Look Me in the Eyes … I Said the Eyes
.”
Now Media
,
28
December
2012
. .
Haddad
,
Saleem
, and
Rogers
Joshua
. “
Public Protest and Visions for Change: Voices from within Yemen’s Peaceful Youth Movement (Al-Haraka Al-Shababiya Al-Silmiya)
.”
Paper presented at BRISMES Annual Conference
,
London
,
26–28 March 2012
.
Hafez
,
Sherine
. “
Bodies That Protest: The Girl in the Blue Bra, Sexuality, and State Violence in Revolutionary Egypt
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
20
28
.
Hafez
,
Sherine
. “
The Revolution Shall Not Pass through Women’s Bodies: Egypt, Uprising and Gender Politics
.”
Journal of North African Studies
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
172
85
.
Hakim
,
Catherine
. “
Erotic Capital
.”
European Sociological Review
26
, no.
5
(
2010
):
499
518
.
Halberstam
,
Judith
. “
Imagined Violence, Queer Violence: Representation, Rage and Resistance
.”
Social Text
37
(Winter
1993
):
187
201
.
Halliday
,
Fred
. “
The Third Inter-Yemeni War and Its Consequences
.”
Asian Affairs
26
, no.
2
(
1995
):
131
40
.
Hanafi
,
Sari
. “
The Arab Revolutions: The Emergence of a New Political Subjectivity
.”
Contemporary Arab Affairs
5
, no.
2
(
2012
):
198
213
.
Hansen
,
Henny Harald
. “
Investigations in a Shiʿa Village in Bahrain
.”
PhD diss.
,
National Museum of Denmark
,
1968
.
Haraway
,
Donna
.
Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Haraway
,
Donna
. “
Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective
.”
Feminist Studies
14
, no.
3
(
1988
):
575
99
.
Harlow
,
Barbara
.
Introduction to The Colonial Harem, by Malek Alloula
. Translated by
Myrna
and
Godzich
Wlad
,
ix
xxii
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1986
.
Harlow
,
Barbara
.
Resistance Literature
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1987
.
Harmanşah
,
Ömür
. “
Urban Utopias and How They Fell Apart: The Political Ecology of Gezi Parkı
.” In
The Making of a Protest Movement in Turkey: #occupygezi
, edited by
Özkırımlı
Umut
,
121
33
.
Basingstoke, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2014
.
Harvey
,
David
. “
Class Relations, Social Justice and the Politics of Difference
.” In
Place and the Politics of Identity
, edited by
Keith
M.
and
Pile
S.
,
41
66
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Harvey
,
David
.
Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution
.
London
:
Verso
,
2013
.
Hasso
,
Frances S.
Consuming Desires: Family Crisis and the State in the Middle East
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2011
.
Hayes
,
Jarrod
.
Queer Nations: Marginal Sexualities in the Maghreb
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2000
.
Heinze
,
Marie-Christine
. “
On ‘Gun Culture’ and ‘Civil Statehood’ in Yemen
.”
Journal of Arabian Studies
4
, no.
1
(
2014
):
70
95
.
Herrera
,
Linda
.
Revolution in the Age of Social Media: The Egyptian Popular Insurrection and the Internet
.
London
:
Verso
,
2014
.
Herzog
,
Hanna
. “
Mixed Cities as a Place of Choice: The Palestinian Women’s Perspective
.” In
Mixed Towns, Trapped Communities: Historical Narratives, Spatial Dynamics, Gender Relations and Cultural Encounters in Palestinian-Israeli Towns
, edited by
Rabinowitz
Dan
and
Monterescu
Daniel
,
243
57
.
Burlington, VT
:
Ashgate
,
2007
.
Hill Collins
,
Patricia
.
Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment
.
Boston
:
Unwin Hyman
,
1990
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Black Looks: Race and Representation
.
Boston
:
South End
,
1992
.
Howard
,
Philip N.
, and
Hussain
Muzammil M.
.
Democracy’s Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2013
.
Hudson
,
Ray
. “
Regions and Place: Music, Identity, and Place
.”
Progress in Human Geography
30
, no.
5
(
2006
):
626
34
.
Hyndman
,
Jennifer
. “
Mind the Gap: Bridging Feminist and Political Geography through Geopolitics
.”
Political Geography
23
, no.
3
(
2004
):
307
22
.
Icaza
,
Rosalba
, and
Vázquez
Rolando
. “
Social Struggles as Epistemic Struggles
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
683
704
.
Irigaray
,
Luce
.
This Sex Which Is Not One
. Translated by
Porter
Catherine
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1985
.
Isin
,
Engin F.
Engaging, Being, Political
.”
Political Geography
24
, no.
3
(
2005
):
373
87
.
Ismael
,
Tareq Y.
, and
Ismael
Jacqueline S.
.
The People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen: Politics, Economics and Society
.
London
:
Frances Pinter
,
1986
.
Ismail
,
Salwa
. “
Urban Subalterns in the Arab Revolutions: Cairo and Damascus in Comparative Perspective
.”
Comparative Studies in Society and History
55
, no.
4
(
2013
):
865
94
.
el-Issawi
,
Fatima
. “
The Arab Spring and the Challenge of Minority Rights: Will the Arab Revolutions Overcome the Legacy of the Past?
European View
10
, no.
2
(
2011
):
249
58
.
Joffé
,
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
, eds.
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Joffé
,
George
. “
Introduction: Yemen and the Contemporary Middle East
.” In
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies
,
University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
, edited by
Joffé
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Jones
,
Sandy Russell
. “
God’s Law or State’s Law: Authority and Islamic Family Law Reform in Bahrain
.”
PhD diss.
,
University of Pennsylvania
,
2010
.
Kandaswamy
,
Priya
. “
Gendering Racial Formation
.” In
Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century
, edited by
HoSang
Daniel Martinez
,
LaBennett
Oneka
, and
Pulido
Laura
,
23
43
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2012
.
Karaman
,
Ozan
. “
Urban Neoliberalism with Islamic Characteristics
.”
Urban Studies
50
, no.
16
(
2013
):
3412
27
.
Kärrholm
,
Mattias
. “
Interstitial Space and the Transformation of Retail Building Types
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
135
52
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Katz
,
Cindi
. “
On the Grounds of Globalization: A Topography for Feminist Political Engagement
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
26
, no.
4
(
2001
):
1213
34
.
Kedourie
,
Elie
. “
‘Civil Politics’ in the Middle East
.”
American Scholar
57
, no.
1
(
1988
):
107
10
.
Kelly
,
Sanja
. “
Hard-Won Progress and a Long Road Ahead: Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa
.” In
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress amid Resistance
, edited by
Kelly
Sanja
and
Breslin
Julia
,
1
14
.
New York
:
Freedom House, Rowman and Littlefield
,
2010
.
Khalaf
,
Abdulhadi
.
“Double Efforts to Contain Women’s Mobility in Bahrain” (Arabic)
.
As-Safir
,
10
October
2012
, .
Khalaf
,
Amal
. “
The Many Afterlives of Lulu: The Story of Bahrain’s Pearl Roundabout
.”
Ibraaz
,
20
February
2013
. .
Khalaf
,
Amal
. “
Squaring the Circle: Bahrain’s Pearl Roundabout.” “The Arab Uprisings of 2011,
special issue, Middle East Critique
22
, no.
3
(
2013
):
265
80
.
Khosrokhavar
,
Farhad
.
The New Arab Revolutions That Shook the World
.
Boulder
:
Paradigm
,
2012
.
Khuri
,
Fuad I.
Tribe and State in Bahrain: The Transformation of Social and Political Authority in an Arab State
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1980
.
Kies
,
Samantha Mallory
. “
Matriarchy, the Colonial Situation, and the Women’s War of 1929 in Southeastern Nigeria
.”
MA thesis
,
Eastern Michigan University
,
2013
.
Kilbourne
,
Jean
. “
‘The More You Subtract, the More You Add’: Cutting Girls Down to Size
.” In
Gender, Race and Class in Media
,
2nd
edition, edited by
Dines
Gail
and
Humez
Jean
,
258
67
.
Thousand Oaks, CA
:
Sage
,
2003
.
Kofman
,
Eleonore
, and
Peak
Linda
. “
Into the 1990s: A Gendered Agenda for Political Geography
.”
Political Geography Quarterly
9
, no.
4
(
1990
):
313
36
.
Konda
. “
Gezi Report: Public Perception of the ‘Gezi Protests’ and Who Were the People at Gezi Park
.”
5
June
2014
. .
Kongar
,
Emre
, and
Küçükkaya
Aykut
.
Gezi Direnişi (Gezi Resistance)
.
Istanbul
:
Cumhuriyet
,
2013
.
Koning
,
Anouk de
. “
Gender, Public Space and Social Segregation in Cairo: Of Taxi Drivers, Prostitutes and Professional Women
.”
Antipode: A Radical Journal of Geography
41
, no.
3
(
2009
):
533
56
.
Koskela
,
Hille
. “
Urban Space in Plural: Elastic, Tamed, Suppressed
.” In
A Companion to Feminist Geography
, edited by
Nelson
Lise
and
Seager
Joni
,
257
70
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Kotnik
,
Toni
. “
The Mirrored Public: Architecture and Gender Relationship in Yemen
.”
Space and Culture
8
, no.
4
(
2005
):
472
83
.
Kraidy
,
Marwan M.
The Revolutionary Body Politic: Preliminary Thoughts on a Neglected Medium in the Arab Uprisings
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
5
, no.
1
(
2012
):
66
74
.
Langohr
,
Vickie
. “
Women’s Rights Movements during Political Transitions: Activism against Public Sexual Violence in Egypt
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
47
, no.
1
(
2015
):
131
35
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
The Production of Space. 1974
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1991
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
.
Writings on Cities
. Translated by
Koffman
Eleonore
and
Lebas
Elizabeth
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Leonard
,
Karen
. “
South Asian Workers in the Gulf: Jockeying for Places
.” In
Globalization under Construction: Governmentality, Law, and Identity
, edited by
Perry
Richard Warren
and
Maurer
Bill
,
129
70
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Le Renard
,
Amélie
. “
‘Only for Women’: Women, the State, and Reform in Saudi Arabia
.”
Middle East Journal
6
, no.
4
(
2008
):
610
29
.
Le Renard
,
Amélie
. “
Young Urban Saudi Women’s Transgressions of Official Rules and the Production of a New Social Group
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
9
, no.
3
(
2013
):
108
35
.
Lévesque
,
Luc
. “
Trajectories of Interstitial Landscapeness: A Conceptual Framework for Territorial Imagination and Action
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
21
64
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Lobo
,
Sunila
, and
Elaluf-Calderwood
Silvia
. “
The BlackBerry Veil: Mobile Use and Privacy Practices by Young Female Saudis
.”
Journal of Islamic Marketing
3
, no.
2
(
2012
):
190
206
.
Longhurst
,
Robyn
.
Bodies: Exploring Fluid Boundaries
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Longhurst
,
Robyn
. “
The Geography Closest In—The Body … the Politics of Pregnability
.”
Australian Geographical Studies
32
, no.
2
(
1994
):
214
23
.
Louër
,
Laurence
.
Shiism and Politics in the Middle East
. Translated by
King
John
.
London
:
C. Hurst
,
2012
.
Lynch
,
Marc
. “
Blogging the New Arab Public
.”
Arab Media and Society
,
February
2007
. .
Maghraoui
,
Driss
. “
Constitutional Reforms in Morocco: Between Consensus and Subaltern Politics
.”
Journal of North African Studies
16
, no.
4
(
2011
):
679
99
.
Makdisi
,
Ussama
.
The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2000
.
al-Marshad
,
ʿAbbas Mirza
, and
al-Khawaja
ʿAbdulhadi
.
Political Organizations and Societies in Bahrain: A Descriptive Human Rights Study (Arabic)
.
Manama, Bahrain
:
Faradis
,
2008
.
Marston
,
Sallie
. “
The Social Construction of Scale
.”
Progress in Human Geography
24
, no.
2
(
2000
):
219
42
.
Marston
,
Sallie
. “
Who Are ‘the People’? Gender, Citizenship and the Making of the American Nation
.”
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
8
, no.
4
(
1990
):
449
58
.
Massey
,
Doreen
.
For Space
.
London
:
Sage
,
2005
.
Massey
,
Doreen
. “
Politics and Space/Time
.” In
Place and the Politics of Identity
, edited by
Keith
Michael
and
Pile
Steve
,
141
61
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Massumi
,
Brian
.
Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
McDowell
,
Linda
.
Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Mchich
,
Houria Alami
.
Genre et politique au Maroc: Les enjeux de l’egalité hommes-femmes entre Islamisme et modernisme (Gender and Politics in Morocco: The Stakes of Male-Female Equality between Islamism and Modernism)
.
Paris
:
L’Harmattan
,
2002
.
Meijer
,
Roel
. “
Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Gender-Segregation Debate
.”
Middle East Policy
17
, no.
4
(
2010
):
80
100
.
Mejias
,
Ulises A.
Liberation Technology and the Arab Spring: From Utopia to Atopia and Beyond
.”
Fibreculture Journal
20
(
June
2012
). .
Mermier
,
Franck
. “
Le mouvement sudiste
.” In
Yémen, le tournant révolutionnaire
, edited by
Bonnefoy
L.
,
Mermier
F.
, and
Poirier
M.
,
41
65
.
Sanaʿa
:
CEFAS-Éditions Karthala
,
2012
.
Mernissi
,
Fatima
.
Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Mernissi
,
Fatima
.
Scheherazade Goes West: Different Cultures, Different Harems
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2001
.
Mills
,
Amy
. “
Critical Place Studies and Middle East Histories: Power, Politics, and Social Change
.”
History Compass
10
, no.
10
(
2012
):
778
88
.
Mirzoeff
,
Nicholas
.
Bodyscape: Art, Modernity and the Ideal Figure
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Mitchell
,
Don
. “
Feminism and Cultural Change: Geographies of Gender
.” In
Cultural Geography: A Critical Introduction
,
199
229
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2000
.
Mitchell
,
Don
.
The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space
.
New York
:
Guilford
,
2003
.
Mitra
,
Ananda
. “
Voices of the Marginalized on the Internet: Examples from a Website for Women of South Asia
.”
Journal of Communication
54
, no.
3
(
2004
):
492
510
.
Molyneux
,
Maxine
. “
Women and Revolution in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen
.”
Feminist Review
, no.
1
(
1979
):
5
20
.
Morse
,
Margaret
.
Virtualities: Television, Media Art, and Cyberculture
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1998
.
Morton
,
Adam David
.
Unravelling Gramsci: Hegemony and Passive Revolution in the Global Economy
.
London
:
Pluto
,
2007
.
Mouffe
,
Chantal
. “
Deliberative Democracy or Agonistic Pluralism
.”
Institute for Advanced Studies
,
Vienna
.
December
2002
. .
Mouffe
,
Chantal
.
On the Political
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1995
.
Mouffe
,
Chantal
.
The Return of the Political
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2005
.
Mourad
,
Sara
. “
The Naked Body of Alia: Gender, Citizenship, and the Egyptian Body Politic
.”
Journal of Communication Inquiry
38
, no.
1
(
2014
):
62
78
.
Mubi Brighenti
,
Andrea
.
Introduction to Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
xv
xxiii
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Mulvey
,
Laura
. “
Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema
.”
Screen
16
, no.
3
(
1975
):
6
18
.
Muñoz
,
José E.
Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Naji
,
Ahmed
.
Al-Mudawwanat min al-Bust ila al-Twit (Blogs from Posting to Tweeting)
.
Cairo
:
Arab Network for Human Rights Information
,
2010
.
Nakamura
,
Lisa
.
Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Nast
,
Heidi
, and
Pile
Steve
, eds.
Places through the Body
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1998
.
Neti
,
Leila
. “
Blood and Dirt: Politics of Women’s Protest in Armagh Prison, Northern Ireland
.” In
Violence and the Body: Race, Gender, and the State
, edited by
Aldama
Arturo
,
77
93
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2003
.
Nora
,
Pierre
. “
Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de mémoire.
Representations
26
(Spring
1989
):
7
24
.
Norton
,
Augustus Richard
.
Introduction to Civil Society in the Middle East, vol. 1
, edited by
Norton
Augustus Richard
,
1
25
.
Leiden
:
Brill
,
2005
.
Nouraie-Simone
Fereshteh
. “
Wings of Freedom: Iranian Women, Identity, and Cyberspace
.” In
On Shifting Ground: Muslim Women in the Global Era
, edited by
Nouraie-Simone
Fereshteh
,
61
79
.
New York
:
Feminist Press at the City University of New York
,
2005
.
Omi
,
Michael
, and
Winant
Howard
. “
Once More, with Feeling: Reflections on Racial Formation.” “Special Topic: Comparative Racialization,
PMLA
123
, no.
5
(
2008
):
1565
72
.
Omi
,
Michael
, and
Winant
Howard
.
Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s
.
2nd
edition.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Al Omran
,
Ahmed
. “
‘A Historical Moment’: The Saudi Women Challenging a Government by Driving
.”
NPR
,
19
June
2011
. .
Öniş
,
Ziya
. “
Sharing Power: Turkey’s Democratization Challenge in the Age of the AKP Hegemony
.”
Insight Turkey
15
(
2013
):
103
22
.
Öniş
,
Ziya
. “
The Triumph of Conservative Globalism: The Political Economy of the AKP Era
.”
Turkish Studies
13
, no.
2
(
2012
):
135
52
.
Otterman
,
Sharon
. “
Publicizing the Private: Egyptian Women Bloggers Speak Out
.”
Arab Media and Society
1
(
February
2007
):
1
17
.
Ó Tuathail
,
Gearóid
.
Critical Geopolitics: The Politics of Writing Global Space
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Ousmanova
,
Almira
. “
Flashmob—The Divide between Art and Politics in Belarus
.”
Art Margins Online
,
15
July
2010
. .
Özbudun
,
Ergun
. “
AKP at the Crossroads: Erdoğan’s Majoritarian Drift
.”
South European Society and Politics
19
, no.
2
(
2014
):
155
67
.
Paluch
,
Marta
.
Yemeni Voices: Women Tell Their Stories
.
Sanaʿa
:
British Council
,
2001
.
Pandya
,
Sophia
.
Muslim Women and Islamic Resurgence: Religion, Education, and Identity Politics in Bahrain
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2012
.
Pandya
,
Sophia
. “
Women’s Shiʿi Maʾatim in Bahrain
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
6
, no.
2
(
2010
):
31
58
.
Parmar
,
Pratibha
.
A Place of Rage
.
Documentary
.
London
:
Women Make Movies
,
1991
.
Peirce
,
Leslie P.
The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos
Andreas
. “
Spatial Justice in the Lawscape
.” In
Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics of the In-Between
, edited by
Brighenti
Andrea Mubi
,
87
102
.
Farnham, UK
:
Ashgate
,
2013
.
Pratt
,
Geraldine
, and
Hanson
Susan
. “
Geography and the Construction of Difference
.”
Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography
1
, no.
1
(
1994
):
5
29
.
Princess Tam Tam
.
Directed by Edmond T. Greville
.
New York
:
Kino on Video International
,
1935
.
al-Rabiʿi
,
Fadhl ʿAbdulla
.
Fashl mashruʿ al-wahda bayna jumhuriyya al-yaman al-dimuqratiyya al-shaʿbiyya wal-jumhuriyya al-ʿarabiyya al-yamaniyya: Madkhal li fahm qadiyya al-janub wal haraka al-silmiyya (Failure of the Unity between the PDRY and the Yemen Arab Republic: An Introduction to Understanding the Southern Cause and the Peaceful Movement)
.
N.p.
:
Madar
,
2013
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Dissensus: On Politics and Aesthetics
. Translated by
Corcoran
Steven
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2010
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
The Nights of Labor: The Workers’ Dream in Nineteenth Century France
. Translated by
Dasgupta
Rana
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1989
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
Politics and Aesthetics: An Interview
.”
Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities
8
, no.
2
(
2003
):
191
211
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
The Politics of Aesthetics: The Distribution of the Sensible
. Translated by
Rockhill
Gabriel
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2004
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
Ten Theses on Politics
.”
Theory and Event
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
1
18
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
. “
The Thinking of Dissensus: Politics and Aesthetics
.” In
Reading Rancière: Critical Dissensus
, edited by
Bowman
Paul
and
Stamp
Richard
,
1
17
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2011
.
al-Rasheed
Madawi
.
Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2006
.
al-Rasheed
Madawi
.
A Most Masculine State: Gender, Politics, and Religion in Saudi Arabia
.
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
,
2013
.
Renan
,
Ernest
.
Études d’histoire religieuse
.
1857
.
Saint-Armand
:
Gallimard
,
1992
.
Renan
,
Ernest
.
Qu’est-ce qu’une nation?
Paris
:
Presses-Pocket
,
1992
.
Rheingold
,
Howard
.
Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Perseus
,
2002
.
Rifaat
,
Yasmine
. “
Blogging the Body: The Case of Egypt
.”
Surfacing
1
, no.
1
(
2008
):
52
71
.
Rogers
,
Joshua
,
Wright
Hannah
,
Haddad
Saleem
,
Baabad
Marwa
, and
Gaber
Basma
. “
‘It’s Dangerous to Be the First’: Security Barriers to Women’s Public Participation in Egypt, Libya and Yemen
.”
Saferworld
,
October
2013
. .
Rooney
,
Caroline
.
“‘In Less Than Five Years’: Rehab Bassam Interviewed by Caroline Rooney, Dar Al-Shorouk, Nasr City, Cairo, April 2010.” “Egyptian Literary Culture and Egyptian Modernity,” special issue
,
Journal of Postcolonial Writing
47
, no.
4
(
2011
):
467
76
.
Rose
,
Gillian
.
Feminism and Geography: The Limits of Geographical Knowledge
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
1993
.
Rose
,
Gillian
.
Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to Researching with Visual Materials
.
3rd edition
.
London
:
Sage
,
2012
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1999
.
Sadiqi
,
Fatima
, and
Ennaji
.
Moha
The Feminization of Public Space: Women’s Activism, the Family Law, and Social Change in Morocco
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
2
, no.
2
(
2006
):
86
114
.
Al Saggaf
,
Yeslam
. “
The Effect of Online Community on Offline Community in Saudi Arabia
.”
Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries
16
, no.
2
(
2004
):
1
16
.
Salazar Parreñas
,
Rhacel
.
Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration, and Domestic Work
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2001
.
Saldana-Portillo
,
Maria Josefina
.
The Revolutionary Imagination in the Americas and the Age of Development
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
Arab Revolutions: Legible, Illegible Bodies
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
35
, no.
3
(
2015
):
525
38
.
Salime
,
Zakia
.
Between Feminism and Islam: Human Rights and Shariʿa Law in Morocco
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2011
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
I Vote, I Sing: The Rise of Aesthetic Citizenship in Morocco
.”
International Journal of Middle East Studies
47
, no.
1
(
2015
):
136
39
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
New Feminism as Personal Revolutions: Microrebellious Bodies
.”
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
40
, no.
1
(
2014
):
14
20
.
Salime
,
Zakia
. “
Securing the Market, Pacifying Civil Society, Empowering Women: The Middle East Partnership Initiative
.”
Sociological Forum
25
, no.
4
(
2010
):
725
45
.
al-Saqqaf
,
Abu Bakr
. “
Equal Citizenship: The Big Absence
.” In
Yemen Today: Crisis and Solutions. Proceedings of a Two-Day Conference Held at the School of Oriental and African Studies,
University of London, November 25th and 26th, 1995
, edited by
Joffé
E. G. H.
,
Hachemi
M. J.
, and
Watkins
E. W.
,
127
30
.
London
:
Caravel
,
1997
.
Schaap
,
Andrew
. “
Enacting the Right to Have Rights: Jacques Rancière’s Critique of Hannah Arendt
.”
European Journal of Political Theory
10
, no.
1
(
2011
):
22
45
.
Sebbar
,
Leila
.
Sherazade: Missing, Aged 17, Dark Curly Hair, Green Eyes
. Translated by
Blair
Dorothy S.
.
London
:
Quartet Books
,
1991
.
Sebbar
,
Leila
, and
Belorgey
Jean-Michel
.
Femmes d’Afrique du Nord: Cartes postales (1885–1930)
.
Saint-Pourcain-sur-Sioule
:
Bleu autour
,
2002
.
Secor
,
Anna J.
Toward a Feminist Counter-Geopolitics: Gender, Space and Islamist Politics in Istanbul
.”
Space and Polity
5
, no.
3
(
2001
):
191
211
.
Secor
,
Anna J.
The Veil and Urban Space in Istanbul: Women’s Dress, Mobility and Islamic Knowledge
.”
Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography
9
, no.
1
(
2002
):
5
22
.
Sghaier
,
Amira Aleya
.
Bourguiba: Le despote
.
Tunis
:
Maghreb International Presse et Editions
,
2011
.
Sghiri
,
Malek
. “
Greetings to the Dawn: Living through the Bittersweet Revolution (Tunisia)
.” In
Dairies of an Unfinished Revolution
, edited by
Al-Zubaidi
Layla
,
Cassel
Matthew
, and
Roderick
Nemonie Craven
, translated by
Moger
Robin
and
Collins
Georgina
,
9
47
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
2013
.
Shabout
,
Nada
. “
Whose Space Is It?
International Journal of Middle East Studies
46
, no.
1
(
2014
):
163
65
.
Shah
,
Nishant
. “
Citizen Action in the Time of the Network
.”
Development and Change
44
, no.
3
(
2013
):
665
81
.
Sharpley-Whiting
,
Denean T.
Pimps Up, Ho’s Down: Hip Hop’s Hold on Young Black Women
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2007
.
Sheller
,
Mimi
. “
Automotive Emotions: Feeling the Car
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
21
, nos.
4–5
(
2004
):
221
42
.
Sheller
,
Mimi
, and
Urry
.
John
Mobile Transformations of ‘Public’ and ‘Private’ Life
.”
Theory, Culture, and Society
20
, no.
3
(
2003
):
107
25
.
Singh
,
Nikhil
. “
Racial Formation in an Age of Permanent War
.” In
Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century
, edited by
HoSang
Daniel Martinez
,
LaBennett
Oneka
, and
Pulido
Laura
,
276
301
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2012
.
Skalli
,
Loubna H.
Communicating Gender in the Public Sphere: Women and Information Technologies in the MENA
.”
Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies
2
, no.
2
(
2006
):
35
59
.
Skalli
,
Loubna H.
Youth Media and the Politics of Change in North Africa: Negotiating Identities, Spaces and Power
.”
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
6
, no.
1
(
2013
):
1
10
.
Smith
,
Sara
. “
Intimate Geopolitics: Religion, Marriage, and Reproductive Bodies in Leh, Ladakh
.”
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
102
, no.
6
(
2012
):
1511
28
.
Smith
,
Sara
. “
She Says to Herself, ‘I Have No Future’: Love, Fate, and Territory in Leh District, India
.”
Gender, Place and Culture
18
, no.
4
(
2011
):
455
76
.
Sontag
,
Susan
.
On Photography
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
1977
.
Sowards
,
Stacey K.
, and
Renegar
Valerie R.
. “
The Rhetorical Functions of Consciousness-Raising in Third Wave Feminism
.”
Communication Studies
55
, no.
4
(
2004
):
535
52
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri
. “
French Feminism in an International Frame.”
Yale French Studies
, no.
62
(
1981
):
154
84
.
Staeheli
,
Lynn
, and
Kofman
.
Eleonore
Mapping Gender, Making Politics: Towards Feminist Political Geographies
.” In
Mapping Women, Making Politics: Feminist Perspectives on Political Geography
, edited by
Kofman
Eleonore
and
Staeheli
Lynn
,
1
13
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Staeheli
,
Lynn
, and
Mitchell
.
Don
Spaces of Public and Private: Locating Politics
.” In
Spaces of Democracy: Geographical Perspectives on Citizenship, Participation, and Representation
, edited by
Barnett
Clive
and
Low
Murray
,
147
60
.
London
:
Sage
,
2004
.
Steg
,
Linda
. “
Car Use: Lust and Must. Instrumental, Symbolic and Affective Motives for Car Use
.”
Transportation Research Part A
39
, nos.
2–3
(
2005
):
147
62
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
. “
Intimidations of Empire: Predicaments of the Tactile and Unseen
.” In
Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History
, edited by
Stoler
Ann Laura
,
1
22
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Strobl
,
Staci
. “
From Colonial Policing to Community Policing in Bahrain: The Historical Persistence of Sectarianism
.”
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice
35
, no.
1
(
2011
):
19
37
.
Strobl
,
Staci
. “
The Women’s Police Directorate in Bahrain: An Ethnographic Exploration of Gender Segregation and the Likelihood of Future Integration
.”
International Criminal Justice Review
18
, no.
1
(
2008
):
39
58
.
Swanson
,
Nathan
. “
Embodying Tahrir: Bodies and Geopolitics in the 2011 Egyptian Uprising.”
Area
,
16
December
2014
. .
Tanke
,
Joseph J.
Jacques Rancière: An Introduction, Philosophy, Politics, Aesthetics
.
London
:
Continuum
,
2011
.
Taş
Tuğba
and
Taş
Oğuzhan
. “
Resistance on the Walls, Reclaiming Public Space: Street Art in Times of Political Turmoil in Turkey
.”
Interactions: Studies in Communication and Culture
5
, no.
3
(
2014
):
327
49
.
Taussig
,
Michael
.
The Nervous System
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Taylor
,
Charles
. “
Modern Social Imaginaries
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
91
124
.
Taylor
,
Charles
.
Modern Social Imaginaries
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Taylor
,
Charles
. “
To Follow a Rule …
” In
Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Calhoun
Craig
,
LiPuma
Edward
, and
Postone
Moishe
,
29
44
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
1993
.
Teitelbaum
,
Joshua
. “
Dueling for Daʿwa: State vs. Society on the Saudi Internet
.”
Middle East Journal
56
, no.
2
(
2002
):
222
39
.
Thiollet
Hélène
. “
The Ambivalence of Immigration Policy in Saudi Arabia: Public and Private Actors in Migration Management
.” In
Migrant Labor in the Gulf: Working Group Summary Report
, edited by
Center for International and Regional Studies
,
23
24
.
Doha
:
Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar
,
2011
. .
Toprak
,
Binnaz
,
Bozam
Iran
,
Murgul
Tan
, and
Sener
Nedim
.
Being Different in Turkey: Religion, Conservatism and Otherization
.
Istanbul
:
Bogazici University, Open Society Foundation
,
2009
.
Tozi
,
Mohamed
.
Al-Malakiyya wal-Islam al-Siyasi (The Kingdom and Political Islam)
.
Casablanca
:
Le Fennec
,
1999
.
Tuğal
,
Cihan
.
Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2009
.
Turam
,
Berna
.
Gaining Freedoms: Claiming Space in Istanbul and Berlin
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
2015
.
Turkle
,
Sherry
.
Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2011
.
Urry
,
John
. “
Inhabiting the Car
.”
Sociological Review
54
, no.
s1
(
2006
):
17
31
.
Vom Bruck
,
Gabriele
. “
A House Turned Inside Out: Inhabiting Space in a Yemeni City
.”
Journal of Material Culture
2
, no.
2
(
1997
):
139
72
.
Warner
,
Michael
. “
Publics and Counterpublics
.”
Public Culture
14
, no.
1
(
2002
):
49
90
.
Wedeen
,
Lisa
. “
The Politics of Deliberation: Qāt Chews as Public Sphere in Yemen
.”
Public Culture
19
, no.
1
(
2007
):
59
84
.
Weitzer
,
Ronald
, and
E
.
Charis Kubrin
. “
Misogyny in Rap Music: A Content Analysis of Prevalence and Meanings
.”
Men and Masculinities
12
, no.
1
(
2009
):
3
29
.
Weyman
,
George
. “
Personal Blogging in Egypt: Pushing Social Boundaries or Reinforcing Them?”
Arab Media and Society
, no.
3
(Fall
2007
). .
Weyman
,
George
. “
Speaking the Unspeakable: Personal Blogs in Egypt.”
Arab Media and Society
, no.
3
(Fall
2007
). .
Wheeler
,
Deborah L.
Blessings and Curses: Women and the Internet Revolution in the Arab World
.” In
Women and Media in the Middle East: Power through Self-Expression
, edited by
Sakr
Naomi
,
138
61
.
London
:
I. B. Tauris
,
2004
.
Wheeler
,
Deborah L.
Empowerment Zones? Women, Internet Cafés, and Life Transformations in Egypt
.”
Information Technologies and International Development
4
, no.
2
(
2007
):
89
104
.
Women National Committee
. “
Status of Woman in Yemen
.”
1996
.
Accessed 11 June 2014. http://www.yemen-women.org/
.
Woodhull
,
Winifred
.
Transfigurations of the Maghreb: Feminism, Decolonization, and Literatures
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1993
.
Yadav
,
Stacey Philbrick
. “
Tawakkul Karman as Cause and Effect
.” In
The Arab Revolts: Dispatches on Militant Democracy in the Middle East
, edited by
McMurray
David
and
Ufheil-Somers
Amanda
,
152
56
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2013
.
Yadav
,
Stacey Philbrick
, and
Carapico
.
Sheila
The Breakdown of the GCC Initiative
.”
Middle East Report
273
(
December
2014
):
2
6
.
Yazbek
,
Samar
.
Introduction to Diaries of an Unfinished Revolution: Voices from Tunisia to Damascus
, edited by
Al-Zubaidi
Layla
,
Cassel
Matthew
, and
Roderick
Nemonie Craven
, translated by
Moger
Robin
and
Collins
Georgina
,
1
7
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
2013
.
Young
,
Iris Marion
. “
Polity and Group Difference: A Critique of the Ideal of Universal Citizenship
.”
Ethics
99
, no.
2
(
1989
):
250
74
.
Yuce
,
Serpil
,
Agarwal
Nitin
, and
Wigand
Rolf T.
. “
Mapping Cyber-Collective Action among Female Muslim Bloggers for the Women to Drive Movement
.”
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
7812
(
2013
):
331
40
.
Zayzafoon Ben Youssef
,
Lamia
. “
Is It the End of State Feminism? Tunisian Women during and after the Revolution
.” In
The Arab Revolutions in Context: Civil Society and Democracy in a Changing Middle East
, edited by
Isakhan
Benjamin
,
Mansouri
Fethi
, and
Akbarzadeh
Sharam
,
41
62
.
Carlton
:
Melbourne University Publishing
,
2012
.
Zayzafoon Ben Youssef
,
Lamia
.
The Production of the Muslim Woman: Negotiating Text, History, and Ideology
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
,
2005
.
Zerilli
,
Linda M.G.
Feminism and the Abyss of Freedom
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2005
.
Zoepf
,
Katherine
. “
Shopgirls
.”
New Yorker
,
23
December
2013
. .
Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal