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The introduction outlines seven themes that are treated in the book. One important theme is that the social categories that constitute the “intractable poor” (convicts, slaves, free Africans, Indians in government-organized villages, and enlisted soldiers and sailors) are interconnected and mutually constitutive. While the statuses of these categories are different, all were subject to varying degrees of coercive labor extraction. The introduction also highlights the phenomena of “category drift” that accelerated after the end of the transatlantic slave trade in 1850, the mobilization for the Paraguayan War (1864–1870), and the rise of abolitionism in the 1880s. Slavery’s slow demise lessened the cache of merely being free and made even more privileged members of the free poor sensitive to the threat of category drift and the coercive labor extraction it could represent.

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References

Bibliography

Bibliography
Periodicals

American Naturalist, Chicago

Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro

Cornell Alumni News, Ithaca, NY

Diário de Pernambuco, Recife

O Liberal, Recife

Lippencott’s Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Philadelphia

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Philadelphia

Popular Science Monthly, New York

Provincia, Recife

Quarterly Review, London

Rio Branco, Recife

Scribner’s Monthly, New York

O Tempo, Recife

Dissertations And Unpublished Papers
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Order and Violence: Social Deviance and Social Control in Brazil, 1780–1840
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Barman
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“Listen for the Silences: Race in the Official World of Imperial Brazil 1822–1872.”
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Câmara
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O ‘retalho’ do comércio: A política partidária, a comunidade portuguesa e a nacionalização do comércio a retalho, Pernambuco 1830–1870
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PhD diss.
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Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
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Carvalho
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Hegemony and Rebellion in Pernambuco, Brazil 1821–1835
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University of Illinois
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Castilho
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Celso Thomas
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Abolitionism Matters: The Politics of Anti-slavery Movements in Pernambuco 1869–1888
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Castilho
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“A Slave Murders, a System Critiqued: Political and Antislavery Thought in Recife, ca. 1870.”
Brazilian Studies Association Conference
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Czeblakow
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A Prison by Any Other Name: Incarceration in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Audiencia de Quito
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PhD diss.
,
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.
Hendricks
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Howard Craig
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Education and the Maintenance of the Social Structure: The Faculdade de Direito do Recife and the Brazilian Northeast, 1870–1939
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PhD diss.
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State University of New York at Stony Brook
,
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.
Jeha
,
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A galera heterogênea: Naturalidade, trajetôria e cultural dos recrutas e marinheiros da Armada Nacional e Imperial do Brasil 1822–1854
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PhD diss.
,
Pontífica Universidade do Rio de Janeiro
,
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.
Maia
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Clarissa Nunes
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Policiados: Controle e disciplina das classes populares na cidade do Recife, 1865–1915
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PhD diss.
,
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
,
2001
.
Mamigonian
,
Beatriz Gallotti
. “
To Be a Liberated African in Brazil: Labour and Citizenship in the Nineteenth Century
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PhD diss.
,
University of Waterloo
,
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.
Reyes
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Victoria Livia Unzueta
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La Justicia Militar: Un estudio comparativo Mexico (1855–1901)—Italia (1859–1896)
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,
Universita degli Studi di Torino
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.
Windler
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City of Children: Boys, Girls, Family and State in Imperial Rio de Janeiro
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Bailey
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The Lost German Slave Girl
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Banner
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Stuart
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Baptist
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Barclay
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Barickman
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B. J.
A Bit of Land, Which They Call ‘Roça’: Slave Provision Grounds in the Bahian Recôncavo, 1780–1860
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Hispanic American Historical Review
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Barickman
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B. J.
Reading the 1835 Parish Censuses from Bahia: Citizenship, Kinship, Slavery, and House hold in Early Nineteenth Century Brazil
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Barman
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Barman
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Roderick J.
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Beattie
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Adolfo Ferreira Caminha: Navy Officer, Ardent Republican, and Naturalist Novelist
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‘Born under the Cruel Rigor of Captivity, the Supplicant Left It Unexpectedly by Committing a Crime’: Categorizing and Punishing Slave Convicts in Brazil, 1830–1897
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Beattie
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Beattie
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Conscription versus Penal Servitude: Army Reform’s Influence on the Brazilian State’s Management of Social Control, 1870–1930
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Beattie
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The Slave Silvestre’s Disputed Sale: Corporal Punishment, Mental Health, Sexuality, and ‘Vices’ in Recife, Brazil, 1869–1878
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Bieber
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