Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Brazilians had long used Fernando de Noronha’s convict society as a foil to comprehend and define mainland social norms and the meanings of freedom. The Brazilian state’s need for cheap labor for public works, its lack of prison capacity, and the expense of maintaining prisoners separated on the basis of civil condition, much less color, made segregation impracticable. But a Brazilian preference for integration is visible not only in state institutions that inducted the intractable poor, but in the elite’s ideology of whitening through race mixture and subsidized European immigration. Brazilian authorities came to evince similar ideas about gender and...

This content is only available as PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal