Editors’ Introduction: Criticism in the Borderlands
An essay examining the traditional image of Malintzin in Chicano culture and its recuperation by Chicana writers.
Alarcón explores the refusal to speak as woman (wife/mother) and the crisis of meaning that this position engenders for two Chicana writers.
An overview of the Malinche figure drawn from both Mexican and Chicana creative and critical traditions.
In this essay Alarcón maps the emergence of Chicana poetry in Evangelina Vigil, Lorna Dee Cervantes, Cherríe Moraga, Carmen Tafolla, Pat Mora, Barbara Brinson Curiel, and Sandra Cisneros by focusing on how the intimate relations with mothers and lovers are interconnected in ways that help define the daughter.
An explication of the sociopolitical factors contributing to the emergence of a poetic consciousness and nationalism as manifest in Chicano narrative, poetry, and drama.
Includes twenty-six essays from scholars both in Europe and the United States on Chicano culture and literature; specifically Chicano poetry, fiction, theater, and criticism; as well as language, education, and the impact of Chicano culture in American discourse. The essays were presented at the First International Symposium on Chicano Culture in 1984 at the University of Mainz at Germersheim, Germany.
A survey exploring the history, influences, polemics, and characteristics of Chicano poetry as an emergent phenomenon in contemporary literature.
A thorough analysis of Christian cosmology, pre-Columbian myth, and Nahuatl Indian magic in Anaya’s novel.
A study of the evolution and importance of Chicano poetry since the 1960s, exploring language as a sociocultural factor; examines the work of Juan Rodríguez, Lucha Corpi, Américo Paredes, José Montoya, Luis Valdez, Rodolfo Gonzales, Alurista, Raúl Salinas, Lorna Dee Cervantes, and Tino Villanueva, among others.
Interviews with fourteen Chicano authors and their opinions and beliefs within the context of Chicano letters.
A formalist analysis of Chicano poetry including critical applications and explications of the works of José Montoya, J. L. Navarro, Abelardo Delgado, Raúl Salinas, Rodolfo Gonzales, Alurista, Sergio Elizondo, Miguel Mendez, Tino Villanueva, Ricardo Sanchez, Bernice Zamora, and Gary Soto.
A collection of mostly previously published essays on literary space with a critical bibliography.
An explication of the polemics of Chicano literary space and the critical implications of nothingness, chaos, unity, and universality in Chicano literature.
Calderón argues that Chicano literature should be seen as a branch of American literature that offers in its literary pursuits a valid picture of the history and politics of the Southwest. With this in mind Calderón goes on to give an overview of the institutional history of Chicano literary studies.
A look at Hinojosa’s formal and thematic use of the Spanish Medieval and Renaissance forms of the chronicle, biography, and sketch as narrative strategies to represent a collective Texas-Mexican character.
Calderón argues that the romance genre is possible during periods of cultural transformation, and that the reading and critical interpretation of Anaya’s novel follows that paradigm.
An interpretation of Chicano narrative genres based on Fredric Jameson’s dialectical criticism, Northrop Frye’s theory of genres, and Wolfgang Iser’s theory of aesthetic response with particular attention to romance in Rudolfo Anaya’s Bless Me, Ultima and satire in Oscar Zeta Acosta’s Autobiography of a Brown Buffalo.
A critical and interpretive guide of Chicano poetry from I967-present; the critical theories and methodologies used in interpreting Chicano verse; and the application of bilingual, multicultural perspectives to the Chicano literary movement.
A study of the quasireligious dimensions of Anaya’s novel with special attention to shamanism, landscape sacrality, etc. and these implications in the Chicano experience and imagination.
An examination and an assessment of both the internal and external factors that have shaped Chicano literary criticism since its inception in the sixties. The essay also charts out the role of Chicano literary critics with respect to mainstream criticism.
Nine essays examining the field of Chicano studies, its past and future, through cultural institutions and practices, educational and critical theory, and cultural forms in literature, theater, film, and ethnography. The collection features art by Malaquías Montoya.
A critical introduction to the varied and rich voices of sexual politics, oppression and identity in Tejana feminist poetry; featuring the poets Angela de Hoyos, Pat Mora, Rosemary Catacalos, et al.
A critical survey of contemporary urban Chicana poets and their issues; e.g., selfawareness, identity formation, and dissatisfaction with imposed stereotypes and roles.
An exhaustive compilation and index of over two thousand critical citations in contemporary Chicano literature.
Stressing dialectics of authenticity, legitimacy, autochthony, quality, and cultural verisimilitude, the author traces the history of Chicano literature as well as proposes criteria for future criticism.
A reevaluation of the sociohistoric parameters of Chicano literary criticism.
A collection of essays presented at the 1986 conference “ Hispanic Cultures and Identities in the United States” at the University of Paris; includes essays on Chicano writers Rudolfo Anaya, Alurista, Lorna Dee Cervantes, Sandra Cisneros, and Rolando Hinojosa by European and American critics.
An intertextual analysis of the dynamics of contemporary ethnic autobiography; includes references to the works of Chicano writers Sandra Cisneros, Alurista, Rolando Hinojosa, Bernice Zamora, José Montoya, Rudolfo Anaya, et al.
Flores argues that Hinojosa’s narrative project is based on the dynamics between individual and collective history.
Basic definitions of the limitations and polemics needed to critically approach Chicano literature.
An explication of Méndez’s poetry and his use of the historical-generational metaphor of experience.
A comparative analysis of the Chicano bildungsroman through the short-story cycles of Rivera and Cisneros.
Sixteen thematic essays distributed among five historical divisions from the Spanish chroniclers to the contemporary period. The collection also includes a selected bibliography of New Mexican Hispanic literature.
Fifteen essays, a few previously published, on Bless Me, Ultima, Heart of Aztlán, Tortuga, and themes in Anaya’s work. In addition the volume includes a brief autobiography, a selected bibliography, and interviews with Anaya.
Grajeda traces the historical creation of the Pachuco as myth and its subsequent manifestations in contemporary Chicano poetry.
A study of the sociocultural and historical problematics of what literary tradition Chicano letters belong to: Mexican-Latin American or Anglo American? Can Chicano literature be considered an independent corpus?
Hernández argues for the necessity of establishing a coherence of Chicano literature independent from strict geopolitical and linguistic considerations that are based on a Chicano historical foundation.
An analysis of the cultural phenomenon of Chicano folklore including: (I) prose narratives, (2) folk songs, (3) folk speech, (4) proverbs and proverbial expressions, (5) folk drama, (6) children’s songs and games, (7) riddles, and (8) beliefs and folk medicine.
A collection of six critical essays concerning Chicana prose and poetry; topics include: the Chicana fictive voice, the female hero, the personal vision, humor, and the search for feminine identity.
Essay discusses the importance of the perception of literary place and its essential role in Chicano letters.
A thorough study of the history, themes, and contemporary forms in Chicano drama.
A series of previously published essays examining the origins of Chicano literature, as well as the development of critical trends and their applications in specific works. Features essays by Tomás Rivera, Rolando Hinojosa, Luis Leal, et al.
Kanellos situates the book around the cities where Hispanic theatre flourished: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Tucson, Laredo, San Antonio, New York, and Tampa. From vaudeville and tent theatre to an examination of the individual careers of actors, writers, and directors, Kanellos charts the rise of Hispanic theatre in the United States. Includes photographs.
A collection of sketches, essays, and interviews conveying the breadth of Mexican American theater.
Survey contains four chapters each containing mostly previously published essays, including: (1) critical overviews; (2) the early writers in English: Villarreal, Acosta, Barrio; (3) Tomás Rivera and the Spanish language novel; and (4) the accomplished voices, essays on Hinojosa, Anaya, Méndez, Arias, Portillo Trambley, et a1.
This collection brings together both new and previously published essays on both Chicano and Mexican literature and culture. Essays on literary history and folklore are distributed between the two major divisions for the volume, Aztlán and México.
Leal leads a survey cataloging four decades of prose in Aztlán, with special emphasis on the didactic forms which prevailed in early writings; those being, memorias, diarios, viajes, crónicas, relaciones, and cartas.
Leal argues for the integration and legitimization of Chicano literature into the mainstream of American literature by literary historians.
A study of the emergence of Chicano literature through successive historical periods: Hispanic to 1821; Mexican 1821–1848; transition 1848–1910; interaction 1910–1942; and the Chicano period 1943 to the present.
A historical survey of the genesis, context, characteristics, and roots of Chicano literature, specifically: pre-Chicano literature to 1884; literature of transition 1848–1910; emergence of a group consciousness 1910–1943; and literature of confrontation 1943–1981.
A brief analysis outlining the historical, environmental, migratory, and sociomythical realities as found in the Chicano novel.
A critical evaluation of Juan Bruce-Novoa’s theory of literary space.
This essay explores the cultural milieu of the border and how this area is manifest in the sociological, interlingual, and intersymbolic relationships between Chicano and Mexican literature.
An overview of the history of Chicano literature, as well as an analysis of the stigmas and misperceptions that hinder its inclusion into mainstream American literature and canon.
An extensive annotated bibliography with citations in poetry, novel, short fiction,theater, anthology, literary criticism, oral tradition in print, journal, and “literature Chicanesca.” Also illustrated by José Antonio Burciaga.
Madrid traces the historical, geographical, economic, and cultural vitality found in Chicano literature.
A study of the mythical and cultural dimensions of the Pachuco and its significance in Chicano poetry, art, drama, film, etc.
Examines the problems of the Chicano condition and Chicano literature as a historical-dialectical process of the search for identity between the Anglo and Mexican cultures.
Márquez explores the development of a shift in modem autobiography, that of historiography to literature in Rodriguez’s prose.
This guide includes comprehensive information on authors; pivotal articles on the history of the literature, as well as three literary genres (the novel, ’poetry, and theater), Chicano children’s literature, and Chicano philosophy; and a chronology of Chicano literature and glossary of useful terms.
Special issue of La Palabra focusing on the work of Miguel Méndez M.; includes an interview with Méndez, a collection of critical writings on his work (especially Peregrinos de Aztlán), and several of his poems and short stories.
Monsiváis establishes the validity of a parallelism between Chicano and Mexican literatures and points out the seminal differences.
The collection includes ten essays by Rivera’s colleagues and friends on his life and work plus six others on Chicano and Hispanic literature of the United States.
Thematic issue containing essays on Anthony Quinn, Gary Soto, Oscar Zeta Acosta,border narratives, and nineteenth-century narratives by women.
An exhaustive annotated compilation of critical essays, bibliographies, anthologies, poetry, and prose focusing on or written by Chicana authors.
Ordóñez critically evaluates the quest for and definition of Chicana cultural identity through Chicana poetry. Essay focuses on poetry by Lucha Corpi, Lorna Dee Cervantes, Alma Villanueva, et al.
A study of the Chicana feminist polemic relevant to the sexual politics of the Chicano movement, with specific attention to the poetry of Lorna Dee Cervantes, Evangelina Vigil, Bernice Zamora, et al.
Papers stress the themes of national character and identity through literary “space,” as well as satire and humor in Chicano literature.
An exploration of autobiography as a rhetorical response to the threat of cultural,social, and historical effacement after the Mexican-American War of 1846–48 with a focus on Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo’s “Recuerdos históricos de alta California.”
Padilla argues that the genre of autobiography, in particular Acosta’s work, can stand as a faithful documentary record of the Chicano’s search for cultural identity, political consciousness, and struggle for dignity in face of assimilation.
A group of narratives by California women originally collected by Hubert H. Bancroft is read to reveal a critique of the patriarchy as well as a subversion of the transcription process.
A look at Mexican-American folklore as an expression of historical conflict of cultures.
A translated, abbreviated version of the above article.
Paredes analyzes the persistent stereotypes, the uses of bilingualism, and sense of place in the realm of Chicano literature.
The seminal study of the corrido of Gregorio Cortez against the history of cultural conflict in the Río Grande Valley of Texas.
An historical account of the development of Chicano literature from folklore and the birth of the corrido to its manifestations in the contemporary Chicano novel and poetry.
Pino argues that American historians must undertake a broader interpretive approach including the history of the Mexican-American for a more accurate account of this nation’s history.
An essay asserting the emergence of Chicana poetry as a genre and discussing the various themes it expresses, for example, growing up, self-identity, search for myth, social criticism, and sexuality.
This critical essay explores the unique and powerful poetic voices and consciousnesses of Chicana poets, specifically the processes of creation linked to motherhood, midwifery, and tale spinning, as well as witchery and magic.
Varied works of poetry, short fiction, artwork, folklore, and testimonios in English, Spanish, and bilingual combinations by forty-four Chicanas from New Mexico. The collection emphasizes daily activities as lived by women.
An inquiry into literary form as a unique reflection of Chicano life as manifest in the Chicano novel, poetry, and the essay.
Rivera traces the importance and development of community in Mexican-American Iiterature.
A thorough critique of Rodriguez’s Hunger of Memory as based on narrow presuppositions and cultural dimensions.
A study of the sociohistorical relationship between the Mexican-Hispanic Southwest and Anglo-America as revealed through American literature. The 1977 edition includes a section on Chicano literature.
The author presents the changing image of the Chicano in American literature from the “ romantic” aristocracy of the hacienda of Mexican California through the contrasting image of the “ inferior, immoral, lazy” Mexican to the sympathetic portrayals of migrant workers of Hemingway, Steinbeck, and Saroyan and finally to the contemporary Chicano facing the dilemma of assimilation or ethnic preservation.
As essay outlining the difficulties of Chicano literature as the expression of a collective consciousness rather than individual statement.
Essays representing a wide range of Chicano research such as: folklore-ethnography, critical literary theory, linguistics, and sociology.
Through a study of Américo Paredes and Ernesto Galarza, the author takes exception to a concept of minor literature which uses canonical European examples not readily applicable to Chicano letters. He asserts that Chicano narrative uses an understated politics of humor and “ the border” as a creative space of resistance.
An examination of the limitations of the cultural studies movement in the United States through the work of Michael M. J. Fischer, Rolando Hinojosa, Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Renato Rosaldo, and Gloria Anzaldúa. Saldívar moves beyond the static category of ethnicity as a self-contained and totalizing form to a global and interactive perspective.
Studies the shared political and aesthetic world views through the unfolding of both fictional plot and history in the mentioned works by Rivera and Arias.
Saldívar analyzes the development of the Chicano subject through the work of three Chicano contemporary poets: José Montoya, Bernice Zamora, and Alberto Ríos.
A collection of thirteen new critical essays concluding with an interview with Hinojosa. Sections are divided among (1) essays by Hinojosa, (2) essays on his Klail City Death Trip series, and (3) on individual works.
A deconstructionist-Marxist study of Chicano narrative from Américo Paredes and José Antonio Villarreal to Cherríe Moraga and Sandra Cisneros.
An evaluation and reassessment of Chicano literary theory and criticism through the dialectics of history and “difference.”
An examination of the similarities and differences between the Texas-Mexican novel and Texas-Anglo novel and their uses of realism, forms, synthesis, etc.
Saldívar explores the themes of history, time, and space, as well as the issues of self and history, self and place, within the context of the emergence of racial, ethnic, and gender consciousness in the Chicano autobiographies Hunger of Memory by Richard Rodriguez and Barrio Boy by Ernesto Galarza.
Salinas traces the traditional roles and stereotypes of the Chicana in Chicano literature.
A survey of several seminal Chicana poets and the cultural, sexual, political, and critical issues and the appearance of such topics in their poetry.
A semiotic, ideological, social, and historical look at the dynamics of Chicano bilingualism.
An examination of Chicano literature as a product of economic and historical circumstances and conditions.
A discussion of the notion of cultural boundaries as related to academia and the status of ethnic studies programs and minority intellectuals.
An exploration of postmodernist theory and its possible application to a wide variety of Chicano works. Sánchez concludes that there are no Chicano postmodernist works.
An intertextual analysis of Chicano literature in light of the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin and Edward Said.
A discussion of three modes of literary criticism—traditionalist, culturalist, and historical-dialectical—and their relation to Chicano literature as applied to Tomás Rivera’s ... Y no se 10 tragó 1a tierra.
A series of essays concerning the conceptual framework of Chicano literary history and critical approaches, as well as the characteristics of Chicano narrative, poetry, and theater.
An analysis of sexism, racism, feminism, homophobia, and the complex and the multifaceted structures of oppression created from these issues in relation to the Chicana experience.
Ybarra-Frausto describes the historical emergence of Chicano poetic consciousness as a long process of militance and resistance, from the eighteenth-century concept of revolution borrowed from Mexico to the mobilization of campesinos in California in the 1960s and the emergence of the teatro campesino.