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References

References
Alker
,
H. R.
1988
.
The Dialectical Logic of Thucydides’ Melian Dialogue
.
American Political Science Review
82
:
805
20
.
Allison
,
G. T.
1971
.
Essence of Decision
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
.
Anderson
,
C. W.
1987a
.
The Human Sciences and the Liberal Polity in Rhetorical Relationship
. In
Nelson
J. S.
,
Megill
A.
, and
McCloskey
D. N.
, eds.,
The Rhetoric of the Human Sciences
,
341
62
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Anderson
,
C. W.
1987b
.
Political Philosophy, Practical Reason, and Policy Analysis
. In
Fischer
F.
and
Forester
J.
, eds.,
Confronting Values in Policy Analysis
,
22
44
.
Newbury Park, Calif.
:
Sage
.
Apel
,
K.-O.
1979
.
Types of Rationality Today: The Continuum of Reason Between Science and Ethics
. In
Geraets
T. F.
, ed.,
Rationality Today
,
307
40
.
Ottawa
:
University of Ottawa Press
.
Aristotle
.
1954
.
The Rhetoric and Poetics of Aristotle
. Trans.
Roberts
W. R.
and (Poetics)
Bywater
I.
New York
:
Modern Library
.
Baram
,
M. S.
1980
.
Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Inadequate Basis for Health, Safety, and Environmental Regulatory Decisionmaking
.
Ecology Law Quarterly
8
:
473
531
.
Braybrooke
,
D.
, and
Lindblom
C. E.
.
1963
.
A Strategy of Decision
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Brown
,
B. W.
Jr.
,
1972
.
Statistics, Scientific Method, and Smoking
. In
Tanur
J. M.
et al
, eds.,
Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown
,
40
51
.
San Francisco
:
Holden-Day
.
Burton
,
L.
1990
.
Ethical Discontinuities in Public-Private Sector Negotiation
.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
9
:
23
40
.
Dearin
,
R. D.
1982
.
Perelman’s Concept of “Quasi-Logical” Argumentation: A Critical Elaboration
. In
Cox
J. R.
and
Willard
C. A.
, eds.,
Advances in Argumentation Research
,
78
94
.
Carbondale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
.
Dery
,
D.
1984
.
Problem Definition in Policy Analysis
.
Lawrence
:
University Press
of Kansas.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1981
.
Public Policy Analysis: An introduction
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1988
.
Methods of the Second Type: Coping with the Wilderness of Conventional Policy Analysis
.
Policy Studies Review
7
:
720
37
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1990
.
Justifying Policy Arguments: Criteria for Practical Discourse
.
Evaluation and Program Planning
13
:
321
29
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
,
Basom
R. E.
, and
Frantz
C. D.
.
1988
.
Educational Policy Analysis: A Guide to Applications
.
Andover, Mass.
:
The Network
.
Fischer
,
F.
1985
.
Critical Evaluation of Public Policy: A Case Study
. In
Forester
J.
, ed.,
Critical Theory and Public Life
,
231
57
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
.
Fisher
,
R.
, and
Ury
W.
.
1981
.
Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In
.
Boston
:
Houghton Mifflin
.
Fisher
,
W. R.
1978
.
Toward a Logic of Good Reasons
.
Quarterly Journal of Speech
64
:
376
84
.
Fisher
,
W. R.
1984
.
Narration as a Human Communication Paradigm: The Case of Public Moral Argument
.
Communication Monographs
51
:
1
22
.
Freeley
,
A. J.
1981
.
Argumentation and Debate
. 5th ed.
Belmont, Calif.
:
Wadsworth
.
Goldstein
,
H. A.
1984
.
Planning as Argumentation
.
Environment and Planning B
11
:
297
312
.
Gramlich
,
E. M.
1981
.
Benefit-Cost Analysis of Government Programs
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Habermas
,
J.
1973
.
Legitimation Crisis
. Trans.
McCarthy
T.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Halperin
,
M. H.
1974
.
Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Brookings Institution
,
1974
.
Hanke
,
S. H.
, and
Walker
R. A.
.
1974
.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Reconsidered: An Evaluation of the Mid-State Project
.
Water Resources Research
10
:
898
908
.
Harris
,
B.
1981
.
Policy-Making, Programming, and Design
. In
Crecine
J. P.
, ed.,
Research in Public Policy and Management
. Vol.
1
:
Basic Theory, Methods and Perspectives
,
279
88
.
Greenwich, Conn.
:
JAI Press
.
Jonsen
,
A. R.
, and
Toulmin
S.
.
1988
.
The Abuse of Casuistry
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
McKean
,
R. N.
1967
.
Criteria
. In
Quade
E. S.
, ed.,
Analysis for Military Decisions
,
81
102
.
Chicago
:
Rand McNally
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
,
1985
.
Policy Indicators: Links Between Social Science and Public Debate
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
,
1987
.
Building Policy-related Technical Communities
.
Knowledge
8
:
431
62
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
, and
Wilde
J. A.
.
1979
.
Policy Analysis for Public Decisions
.
Monterey, Calif
.
Brooks/Cole
.
Mason
,
R. O.
, and
Mitroff
I. I.
.
1980
81
.
Policy Analysis as Argument
.
Policy Studies Journal
9
:
579
85
.
Meltsner
,
A. J.
1976
.
Policy Analysts in the Bureaucracy
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Mitroff
,
I. I.
, and
Mason
R. O.
.
1981
.
Creating a Dialectical Social Science
.
Dordrecht
:
D. Reidel
.
Mood
,
A. M.
1983
.
Introduction to Policy Analysis
.
New York
:
North-Holland
.
Operations Research Society of America
.
1971
.
Guidelines for the Practice of Operations Research
.”
Operations Research
19
.
Ozawa
,
C. P.
, and
Susskind
L.
.
1985
.
Mediating Science-intensive Policy Disputes
.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
5
:
23
39
.
Patton
,
C. V.
, and
Sawicki
D. S.
.
1986
.
Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Perelman
,
C.
1984
.
The New Rhetoric and the Rhetoricians: Remembrances and Comments
.
Quarterly Journal of Speech
70
:
188
96
.
Perelman
,
C.
, and
Olbrechts-Tyteca
L.
.
1969
.
The New Rhetoric A Treatise on Argumentation
. Trans.
Wilkinson
J.
and
Weaver
P.
.
Notre Dame, Ind.
:
University of Notre Dame Press
.
Popper
,
K. R.
1968
.
The Logic of Scientific Discovery
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Quade
,
E. S.
1975, 1982
.
Analysis for Public Decisions
. 1st ed.,
2d ed
.
New York
:
Elsevier
.
Raz
,
J.
1975
.
Reasons for Action, Decisions and Norms
.
Mind
84
:
481
99
.
Rescher
,
N.
1977
.
Dialectics
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Rieke
,
R. D.
, and
Sillars
M. R.
.
1975
.
Argumentation and the Decision Making Process
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Roberts
,
H. V.
1980
.
Comments
.
Proceedings of the Conference on the Census Undercount
,
Arlington, Va.
,
February
25
26
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Bureau of the Census
.
Sabatier
,
P. A.
1988
.
An Advocacy Coalition Framework of Policy Change and the Role of Policy-oriented Learning Therein
.
Policy Sciences
21
:
129
68
.
Taylor
,
P. W.
1961
.
Normative Discourse
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Tong
,
R.
1986
.
Ethics in Policy Analysis
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Toulmin
,
S. E.
1958
.
The Uses of Argument
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Toulmin
,
S. E.
,
Rieke
R.
, and
Janik
A.
.
1979
.
An Introduction to Reasoning
.
New York
:
Macmillan
.
Van Eemeren
F. H.
,
Grootendorst
R.
, and
Kruiger
T.
.
1987
.
Handbook of Argumentation Theory
.
Dordrecht
:
Foris
.
Warburton
,
C.
1932
.
The Economic Results of Prohibition
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Weimer
,
D. L.
, and
Vining
A.
.
1989
.
Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Whiteman
,
D.
1985
.
The Fate of Policy Analysis in Congressional Decision Making: Three Types of Use in Committees
.
Western Political Quarterly
38
:
294
311
.
Whittington
,
D.
, and
Grubb
W. N.
.
1984
.
Economic Analysis in Regulatory Decisions: The Implications of Executive Order 12291
.
Science, Technology and Human Values
9
:
63
71
.
Willard
,
C. A.
1982
.
Argument Fields
. In
Cox
J. R.
and
Willard
C. A.
, eds.,
Advances in Argumentation Theory and Research
,
24
77
.
Carbondale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
.

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References

References

References
Alker
,
H. R.
1988
.
The Dialectical Logic of Thucydides’ Melian Dialogue
.
American Political Science Review
82
:
805
20
.
Allison
,
G. T.
1971
.
Essence of Decision
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
.
Anderson
,
C. W.
1987a
.
The Human Sciences and the Liberal Polity in Rhetorical Relationship
. In
Nelson
J. S.
,
Megill
A.
, and
McCloskey
D. N.
, eds.,
The Rhetoric of the Human Sciences
,
341
62
.
Madison
:
University of Wisconsin Press
.
Anderson
,
C. W.
1987b
.
Political Philosophy, Practical Reason, and Policy Analysis
. In
Fischer
F.
and
Forester
J.
, eds.,
Confronting Values in Policy Analysis
,
22
44
.
Newbury Park, Calif.
:
Sage
.
Apel
,
K.-O.
1979
.
Types of Rationality Today: The Continuum of Reason Between Science and Ethics
. In
Geraets
T. F.
, ed.,
Rationality Today
,
307
40
.
Ottawa
:
University of Ottawa Press
.
Aristotle
.
1954
.
The Rhetoric and Poetics of Aristotle
. Trans.
Roberts
W. R.
and (Poetics)
Bywater
I.
New York
:
Modern Library
.
Baram
,
M. S.
1980
.
Cost-Benefit Analysis: An Inadequate Basis for Health, Safety, and Environmental Regulatory Decisionmaking
.
Ecology Law Quarterly
8
:
473
531
.
Braybrooke
,
D.
, and
Lindblom
C. E.
.
1963
.
A Strategy of Decision
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Brown
,
B. W.
Jr.
,
1972
.
Statistics, Scientific Method, and Smoking
. In
Tanur
J. M.
et al
, eds.,
Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown
,
40
51
.
San Francisco
:
Holden-Day
.
Burton
,
L.
1990
.
Ethical Discontinuities in Public-Private Sector Negotiation
.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
9
:
23
40
.
Dearin
,
R. D.
1982
.
Perelman’s Concept of “Quasi-Logical” Argumentation: A Critical Elaboration
. In
Cox
J. R.
and
Willard
C. A.
, eds.,
Advances in Argumentation Research
,
78
94
.
Carbondale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
.
Dery
,
D.
1984
.
Problem Definition in Policy Analysis
.
Lawrence
:
University Press
of Kansas.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1981
.
Public Policy Analysis: An introduction
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1988
.
Methods of the Second Type: Coping with the Wilderness of Conventional Policy Analysis
.
Policy Studies Review
7
:
720
37
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
1990
.
Justifying Policy Arguments: Criteria for Practical Discourse
.
Evaluation and Program Planning
13
:
321
29
.
Dunn
,
W. N.
,
Basom
R. E.
, and
Frantz
C. D.
.
1988
.
Educational Policy Analysis: A Guide to Applications
.
Andover, Mass.
:
The Network
.
Fischer
,
F.
1985
.
Critical Evaluation of Public Policy: A Case Study
. In
Forester
J.
, ed.,
Critical Theory and Public Life
,
231
57
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
.
Fisher
,
R.
, and
Ury
W.
.
1981
.
Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In
.
Boston
:
Houghton Mifflin
.
Fisher
,
W. R.
1978
.
Toward a Logic of Good Reasons
.
Quarterly Journal of Speech
64
:
376
84
.
Fisher
,
W. R.
1984
.
Narration as a Human Communication Paradigm: The Case of Public Moral Argument
.
Communication Monographs
51
:
1
22
.
Freeley
,
A. J.
1981
.
Argumentation and Debate
. 5th ed.
Belmont, Calif.
:
Wadsworth
.
Goldstein
,
H. A.
1984
.
Planning as Argumentation
.
Environment and Planning B
11
:
297
312
.
Gramlich
,
E. M.
1981
.
Benefit-Cost Analysis of Government Programs
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
.
Habermas
,
J.
1973
.
Legitimation Crisis
. Trans.
McCarthy
T.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Halperin
,
M. H.
1974
.
Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Brookings Institution
,
1974
.
Hanke
,
S. H.
, and
Walker
R. A.
.
1974
.
Benefit-Cost Analysis Reconsidered: An Evaluation of the Mid-State Project
.
Water Resources Research
10
:
898
908
.
Harris
,
B.
1981
.
Policy-Making, Programming, and Design
. In
Crecine
J. P.
, ed.,
Research in Public Policy and Management
. Vol.
1
:
Basic Theory, Methods and Perspectives
,
279
88
.
Greenwich, Conn.
:
JAI Press
.
Jonsen
,
A. R.
, and
Toulmin
S.
.
1988
.
The Abuse of Casuistry
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
McKean
,
R. N.
1967
.
Criteria
. In
Quade
E. S.
, ed.,
Analysis for Military Decisions
,
81
102
.
Chicago
:
Rand McNally
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
,
1985
.
Policy Indicators: Links Between Social Science and Public Debate
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
,
1987
.
Building Policy-related Technical Communities
.
Knowledge
8
:
431
62
.
MacRae
,
D.
Jr.
, and
Wilde
J. A.
.
1979
.
Policy Analysis for Public Decisions
.
Monterey, Calif
.
Brooks/Cole
.
Mason
,
R. O.
, and
Mitroff
I. I.
.
1980
81
.
Policy Analysis as Argument
.
Policy Studies Journal
9
:
579
85
.
Meltsner
,
A. J.
1976
.
Policy Analysts in the Bureaucracy
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Mitroff
,
I. I.
, and
Mason
R. O.
.
1981
.
Creating a Dialectical Social Science
.
Dordrecht
:
D. Reidel
.
Mood
,
A. M.
1983
.
Introduction to Policy Analysis
.
New York
:
North-Holland
.
Operations Research Society of America
.
1971
.
Guidelines for the Practice of Operations Research
.”
Operations Research
19
.
Ozawa
,
C. P.
, and
Susskind
L.
.
1985
.
Mediating Science-intensive Policy Disputes
.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
5
:
23
39
.
Patton
,
C. V.
, and
Sawicki
D. S.
.
1986
.
Basic Methods of Policy Analysis and Planning
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Perelman
,
C.
1984
.
The New Rhetoric and the Rhetoricians: Remembrances and Comments
.
Quarterly Journal of Speech
70
:
188
96
.
Perelman
,
C.
, and
Olbrechts-Tyteca
L.
.
1969
.
The New Rhetoric A Treatise on Argumentation
. Trans.
Wilkinson
J.
and
Weaver
P.
.
Notre Dame, Ind.
:
University of Notre Dame Press
.
Popper
,
K. R.
1968
.
The Logic of Scientific Discovery
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Quade
,
E. S.
1975, 1982
.
Analysis for Public Decisions
. 1st ed.,
2d ed
.
New York
:
Elsevier
.
Raz
,
J.
1975
.
Reasons for Action, Decisions and Norms
.
Mind
84
:
481
99
.
Rescher
,
N.
1977
.
Dialectics
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Rieke
,
R. D.
, and
Sillars
M. R.
.
1975
.
Argumentation and the Decision Making Process
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Roberts
,
H. V.
1980
.
Comments
.
Proceedings of the Conference on the Census Undercount
,
Arlington, Va.
,
February
25
26
.
Washington, D.C.
:
Bureau of the Census
.
Sabatier
,
P. A.
1988
.
An Advocacy Coalition Framework of Policy Change and the Role of Policy-oriented Learning Therein
.
Policy Sciences
21
:
129
68
.
Taylor
,
P. W.
1961
.
Normative Discourse
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Tong
,
R.
1986
.
Ethics in Policy Analysis
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Toulmin
,
S. E.
1958
.
The Uses of Argument
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Toulmin
,
S. E.
,
Rieke
R.
, and
Janik
A.
.
1979
.
An Introduction to Reasoning
.
New York
:
Macmillan
.
Van Eemeren
F. H.
,
Grootendorst
R.
, and
Kruiger
T.
.
1987
.
Handbook of Argumentation Theory
.
Dordrecht
:
Foris
.
Warburton
,
C.
1932
.
The Economic Results of Prohibition
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Weimer
,
D. L.
, and
Vining
A.
.
1989
.
Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice
.
Englewood Cliffs, N.J.
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Whiteman
,
D.
1985
.
The Fate of Policy Analysis in Congressional Decision Making: Three Types of Use in Committees
.
Western Political Quarterly
38
:
294
311
.
Whittington
,
D.
, and
Grubb
W. N.
.
1984
.
Economic Analysis in Regulatory Decisions: The Implications of Executive Order 12291
.
Science, Technology and Human Values
9
:
63
71
.
Willard
,
C. A.
1982
.
Argument Fields
. In
Cox
J. R.
and
Willard
C. A.
, eds.,
Advances in Argumentation Theory and Research
,
24
77
.
Carbondale
:
Southern Illinois University Press
.
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