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The Vladivostok summit convened in 1974 established limits on US and Soviet strategic forces but could not be turned into a treaty because of political maneuvering in Washington and a US mistake over how to count Air Launched Cruise Missiles (ALCM). The chapter describes negotiations leading to the Helsinki accords, including successful Western efforts to use Brezhnev’s desire for an agreement to gain unusually forthcoming positions on borders and human contacts, last-minute doubts in Moscow that had to be squashed by Brezhnev. Soviet dissidents used the accord to create “Helsinki Monitoring Groups” and to persuade the US Congressmen to create a commission to provide outside support. It concludes with a discussion of the numerical scope of human rights repression in the USSR. The author discusses his involvement in Moscow with members of the Helsinki groups.

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