Freedom Time: Negritude, Decolonization, and the Future of the World
Federalism and the Future of France
This chapter analyzes Senghor’s parliamentary campaign to transform the Fourth Republic’s French Union into a truly democratic federation, a union of peoples that would include former colonies as freely associated member states in a novel transcontinental political formation. Such a formation, he hoped, would allow Africans to obtain self-determination without the need for state sovereignty. The chapter discusses this never-realized constitutional initiative in relation to Senghor’s contemporaneous writings about politics, culture, and civilization. It also relates his federalism to his vision of “Eurafrique.” It argues that for Senghor, a federal democracy was as necessary for postwar France as it would...