Skip to Main Content
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.

References

References
Actionaid International
.
2006
.
Real Aid 2: Making Technical Assistance Work
.
Johannesburg
:
Actionaid International
.
Adams
,
J. S
.
, and
McShane
.
T. O
.
1996
.
The Myth of Wild Africa: Conservation without Illusion
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Adams
,
W
.
2004
.
Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Hulme
.
D
.
2001
. “
Conservation and Community: Changing Narratives, Policies and Practices in African Conservation
.” In
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
, ed.
Hulme
D
. and
Murphree
,
M
.
9
23
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Hutton
.
J
.
2007
. “
People, Parks and Poverty: Political Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
2
):
147
83
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Jeanrenaud
.
S
.
2008
.
Transition to Sustainability: Towards a Humane and Diverse World
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Adesanmi
,
P
.
2011
.
You’re Not a Country, Africa: A Personal History of the African Present
.
Johannesburg
:
Penguin
.
Agrawal
,
A
.
, and
Gibson
.
C
.
1999
. “
Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation
.”
World Development
27
(
4
):
629
49
.
Alexander
,
N
.
2002
.
An Ordinary Country: Issues in the Transition from Apartheid to Democracy in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Ali
,
S. H
.
2007
.
Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
.
Anders
,
G
.
2003
. “
Good Governance as Technology: Towards an Ethnography of the Bretton Woods Institutions
.” In
The Aid Effect: Giving and Governing in International Development
, ed.
Mosse
D
. and
Lewis
,
D
.
37
60
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Arsel
,
M
.
, and
Büscher
.
B
.
2012
. “
Nature™ Inc.: Changes and Continuities in Neoliberal Conservation and Environmental Markets
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
53
78
.
Arts
,
B
.
, and
van Tatenhove
.
J
.
2004
. “
Policy and Power: A Conceptual Framework between the ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Policy Idioms
.”
Policy Sciences
37
:
339
56
.
Arvidsson
,
A
.
2005
. “
Brands: A Critical Perspective
.”
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
(
2
):
235
58
.
Axford
,
B
.
, and
Huggins
.
R
.
1998
. “
Anti-politics or the Triumph of Postmodern Populism in Promotional Cultures?
Telematics and Informatics
15
:
181
202
.
Ayers
,
A. J
.
2006
. “
Demystifying Democratisation: The Global Constitution of (Neo)Liberal Polities in Africa
.”
Third World Quarterly
27
(
2
):
321
38
.
Bainbridge
,
W. R
.,
,
Motsamai
, and
B
.
,
Weaver
.
L. C
.
1991
.
Report of the Drakensberg/Maluti Conservation Programme
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
Natal Parks Board
.
Barber
,
B
.
1995
.
Jihad vs. McWorld
.
New York
:
Times Books
.
Barnett
,
C
.
2005
. “
The Consolations of ‘Neoliberalism.’
Geoforum
36
(
1
):
7
12
.
Barret
,
C. B
.
, and
Arcese
.
P
.
1995
. “
Are Integrated Conservation-Development Projects (ICDPs) Sustainable? On the Conservation of Large Mammals in Sub-Saharan Africa
.”
World Development
23
(
6
):
1073
84
.
Barrow
,
E
.
, and
Murphree
.
M
.
2001
. “
Community Conservation: From Concept to Practice
.” In
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
, ed.
Hulme
D
. and
Murphree
,
M
.
24
37
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Barry
,
A
.,
,
Osborne
, and
T
.
,
Rose
.
N
.
1996
. “
Introduction
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
,
A
,
Osborne
,
T
. and
Rose
,
N
.
1
17
.
London
:
University College London Press
.
Bayart
,
J
.
2009
.
The State in Africa. The Politics of the Belly. Second Edition
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Baudrillard
,
J
.
1994
.
Simulacra and Simulation
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Bebbington
,
A
.
2005
. “
Donor-NGO Relations and Representations of Livelihood in Nongovermental Aid Chains
.”
World Development
33
(
6
):
937
50
.
Beinart
,
W
.
2003
.
The Rise of Conservation in South Africa: Settlers, Livestock, and the Environment 1770–1950
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Bending
,
T
.
2003
. “
The Emperor’s New Clothes: Rethinking the Mechanics of the ‘Anti-politics Machine.’
” Paper presented at “
Order and Disjuncture: The Organisation of Aid and Development
,”
EIDOS workshop, London
,
26
28
September
.
Benjaminsen
,
T. A
.
, and
Svarstad
.
H
.
2010
. “
The Death of an Elephant: Conservation Discourses versus Practices in Africa
.”
Forum for Development Studies
37
(
3
):
385
408
.
Berman
,
M
.
1988
.
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air. The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Penguin
.
Bernstein
,
H
.
1998
. “
Social Change in the South African Countryside? Land and Production, Poverty and Power
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
25
(
4
):
1
32
.
Biersack
,
A
.
2006
. “
Reimagining Political Ecology: Culture/Power/History/Nature
.” In
Reimagining Political Ecology
, ed.
Biersack
A
. and
Greenberg
,
J. B
.
3
42
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Blaikie
,
P
.
2006
. “
Is Small Really Beautiful? Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Malawi and Botswana
.”
World Development
34
(
11
):
1942–57
.
Bleiker
,
R
.
2000
. “
The ‘End of Modernity’?
” In
Contending Images of World Politics
, ed.
Fry
G
. and
O’Hagan
,
J
.
227
41
.
London
:
Macmillan Press
.
Boehm
,
C
.
2003
. “
The Social Life of Fields: Labour Markets and Agrarian Change in Lesotho
.”
Paideusis—Journal for Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Studies
3
:
1
20
.
Bond
,
P
.
2000
.
Elite Transition: From Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Borrini-Feyerabend
,
G
.,
,
Pimbert
,
M
.
,
Farvar
,
M
.
,
Kothari
, and
A
.
,
Renard
.
Y
.
2004
.
Sharing Power: A Global Guide to Collaborative Management of Natural Resources
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Bracking
,
S
.
2012
. “
How Do Investors Value Environmental Harm/Care? Private Equity Funds, Development Finance Institutions and the Partial Financialization of Nature-Based Industries
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
271
93
.
Brenner
,
N
.,
,
Peck
, and
J
.
,
Theodore
.
N
.
2010
. “
After Neoliberalization?
Globalizations
7
(
3
):
327
45
.
Brenner
,
N
.
, and
Theodore
.
N
.
2002
. “
Cities and the Geographies of ‘Actually Existing Neoliberalism.’
Antipode
34
(
3
):
356
86
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2002
.
Fortress Conservation: The Preservation of the Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2008
. “
Powerful Environmentalisms: Conservation, Celebrity and Capitalism
.”
Media Culture Society
30
(
4
):
551
68
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2009
.
Celebrity and the Environment: Fame, Wealth and Power in Conservation
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Brockington
,
D
.,
,
Duffy
, and
R
.
,
Igoe
.
J
.
2008
.
Nature Unbound: Conservation, Capitalism and the Future of Protected Areas
.
Earthscan
:
London
.
Brockington
,
D
.
, and
Duffy
.
R
.
2010
. “
Capitalism and Conservation: The Production and Reproduction of Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
469
84
.
Brockington
,
D
.
, and
Igoe
.
J
.
2006
. “
Eviction for Conservation: A Global Overview
.”
Conservation and Society
4
(
3
):
424
70
.
Brondo
,
K. V
.
, and
Brown
.
N
.
2011
. “
Neoliberal Conservation, Garifuna Territorial Rights and Resource Management in the Cayos Cochinos Marine Protected Area
.”
Conservation and Society
9
(
2
):
91
105
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.
2006
. “
Between Politics and Poetics: Narratives of Dispossession in Sarawak, East Malaysia
.” In
Reimagining Political Ecology
, ed.
Biersack
A
. and
Greenberg
,
J. B
.
281
322
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.
, and
Campbell
.
L. M
.
2010
. “
Collaborative Event Ethnography: Conservation and Development Trade-offs at the Fourth World Conservation Congress
.”
Conservation and Society
8
(
4
):
245
55
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.,
,
Tsing
, and
A
.
,
Zerner
.
C
.
2005
.
Communities and Conservation: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management
.
Lanham, Md
.:
AltaMira
.
Bryceson
,
D
.
2002
. “
Multiplex Livelihoods in Rural Africa: Recasting the Terms and Conditions of Gainful Employment
.”
Journal of Modern African Studies
40
(
1
):
1
28
.
Burkett
,
P
.
2005
.
Marxism and Ecological Economics: Toward a Red and Green Political Economy
.
Leiden, the Netherlands
:
Brill
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2008
. “
Conservation, Neoliberalism and Social Science: A Critical Reflection on the SCB 2007 Annual Meeting, South Africa
.”
Conservation Biology
22
(
2
):
229
31
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2009
. “
Letters of Gold: Enabling Primitive Accumulation through Neoliberal Conservation
.”
Human Geography
2
(
3
):
91
94
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010a
. “
Anti-politics as Political Strategy: Neoliberalism and Transfrontier Conservation and Development in Southern Africa
.”
Development and Change
41
(
1
):
29
51
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010b
. “
Derivative Nature: Interrogating the Value of Conservation in ‘Boundless Southern Africa.’
Third World Quarterly
31
(
2
):
259
76
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010c
. “
Seeking Telos in the ‘Transfrontier’: Neoliberalism and the Transcending of Community Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Environment and Planning A
42
(
3
):
644
60
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2011
. “
The Neoliberalisation of Nature in Africa
.” In
New Topographies of Power? Africa Negotiating an Emerging Multi-polar World
, ed.
Dietz
,
T
,
Havnevik
,
K
,
Kaag
,
M
. and
Ostigard
,
T
.
84
109
.
Leiden
:
Brill
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dietz
.
T
.
2005
. “
Conjunctions of Governance: The State and the Conservation-Development Nexus in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies
4
(
2
):
1
15
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2007
. “
Linking Neoprotectionism and Environmental Governance: On the Rapidly Increasing Tensions between Actors in the Environment-Development Nexus
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
4
):
586
611
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2012
. “
Commodity Conservation: The Restructuring of Community Conservation in South Africa and the Philippines
.”
Geoforum
43
(
3
):
367
76
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Mutimukuru
.
T
.
2007
. “
Buzzing Too Far? The Ideological Echo of the Global Governance Agenda on the Local Level: The Case of the Mafungautsi Forest in Zimbabwe
.”
Development Southern Africa
24
(
5
):
649
64
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Schoon
.
M. L
.
2009
. “
Competition over Conservation: Collective Action and Negotiating Transfrontier Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy
12
(
1–2
):
33
59
.
Büscher
,
B
.,
,
Sullivan
,
S
.
,
Neves
,
K
.
,
Igoe
, and
J
.
,
Brockington
.
D
.
2012
. “
Towards a Synthesized Critique of Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Capitalism, Nature Socialism
23
(
2
):
4
30
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Wolmer
.
W
.
2007
. “
Introduction: The Politics of Engagement between Biodiversity Conservation and the Social Sciences
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
1
):
1
21
.
Buzzard
,
C. H
.
2001
.
Policy Environment Governing the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and Conservation Area: A Review of Relevant International Agreements, SADC Protocols, and National Policies
.
Nelspruit, South Africa
:
Development Alternatives
.
Cammack
,
P
.
2003
. “
The Governance of Global Capitalism: A New Materialist Perspective
.”
Historical Materialism
11
(
2
):
37
59
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2005a
. “
Disciplining Nature: The Homogenising and Constraining Forces of Anti-markets on the Food System
.”
Environmental Values
14
:
363
87
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2005b
. “
Society, Biology, and Ecology: Bringing Nature Back into Sociology’s Disciplinary Narrative through Critical Realism
.”
Organization and Environment
18
(
4
):
393
421
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2006
. “
Scientific Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Why Science Needs Values
.”
Environmental Sciences
3
(
4
):
229
37
.
Carrier
,
J. G
.
, and
Macleod
.
D. V. L
.
2005
. “
Bursting the Bubble: The Socio-cultural Context of Ecotourism
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
11
:
315
34
.
Carrier
,
J
.
, and
West
.
P
.
2009
.
Virtualism, Governance and Practice: Vision and Execution in Enviornmental Conservation
.
New York
:
Berghahn
.
Carruthers
,
J
.
1995
.
The Kruger National Park: A Social and Political History
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Castells
,
M
.
1996
.
The Rise of the Network Society
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell Publishers
.
Castree
,
N
.
, and
Braun
.
B
.
1998
. “
The Construction of Nature and the Nature of Construction: Analytical and Political Tools for Building Survivable Futures
.” In
Remaking Reality: Nature at the Millenium
, ed.
Braun
B
. and
Castree
,
N
.
3
42
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Castree
,
N
.
2008a
. “
Neoliberalising Nature: Processes, Effects, and Evaluations
.”
Environment and Planning A
40
(
1
):
153
73
.
Castree
,
N
.
2008b
. “
Neoliberalising Nature: The Logics of Deregulation and Reregulation
.”
Environment and Planning A
40
(
1
):
131
52
.
Castree
,
N
.
2010
. “
Neoliberalism and the Biophysical Environment: A Synthesis and Evaluation of the Research
.”
Environment and Society: Advances in Research
1
(
1
):
5
45
.
Cernea
,
M
.
, and
Schmidt-Soltau
.
K
.
2006
. “
Poverty Risks and National Parks: Policy Issues in Conservation and Resettlement
.”
World Development
34
(
10
):
1808
30
.
Chabal
,
P
.
, and
Daloz
.
J. P
.
1999
.
Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Chambers
,
R
.
1983
.
Rural Development: Putting the Last First
.
Longman
:
Harlow
.
Chudy
,
J
.
2006
. “
Green Barons
.”
Portfolio
(
August/September
):
45
46
.
Clarke
,
J
.
2004
. “
Dissolving the Public Realm? The Logics and Limits of Neo-liberalism
.”
Journal of Social Policy
33
(
1
):
27
48
.
Cooke
,
B
.
, and
Kothari
.
U
.
2001
. “
The Case for Participation as Tyranny
.” In
Participation: The New Tyranny?
, ed.
Cooke
B
. and
Kothari
,
U
.
1
15
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Coplan
,
D. B
.
2001
. “
A River Runs through It: The Meaning of the Lesotho-Free State Border
.”
African Affairs
100
:
81
116
.
Cornwall
,
A
.
, and
Brock
.
K
.
2005
. “
What Do Buzzwords Do for Development Policy? A Critical Look at ‘Participation,’ ‘Empowerment,’ and ‘Poverty Reduction.’
Third World Quarterly
26
(
7
):
1043
60
.
Corson
,
C
.
2011
. “
Territorialization, Enclosure and Neoliberalism: Non-state Influence in Struggles over Madagascar’s Forests
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
38
(
4
):
703
26
.
Cousins
,
B
.
2007
. “
More Than Socially Embedded: The Distinctive Character of ‘Communal Tenure’ Regimes in South Africa and Its Implications for Land Policy
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
7
(
3
):
281
315
.
Cowling
,
R. M
.,
,
Egoh
,
B
.
,
Knight
,
A. T
.
,
O’Farrel
,
P
.
,
Reyers
,
B
.
,
Rouget
,
M
.
,
Roux
,
D
.
,
Welz
, and
A
.
,
Wilhelm-Rechman
.
A
.
2008
. “
An Operational Model for Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services for Implementation
.”
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
105
(
28
):
9483
88
.
Cowling
,
R. M
.
, and
Pressey
.
R. L
.
2003
. “
Introduction to Systematic Conservation Planning in the Cape Floristic Region
.”
Biological Conservation
112
:
1
13
.
Cox
,
R. W
.
1981
. “
Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory
.”
Millennium: Journal of International Studies
10
(
2
):
126
55
.
Cox
,
R. W
.
1992
. “
Global Perestroika
.” In
New World Order? The Socialist Register
, ed.
Miliband
R
. and
Panitch
,
L
.
26
43
.
London
:
Merlin
.
Critchley
,
W. R. S
.
2000
. “
Inquiry, Initiative and Inventiveness: Farmer Innovators in East Africa
.”
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
25
(
3
):
285
88
.
Death
,
C
.
2010
.
Governing Sustainable Development: Partnerships, Protests and Power at the World Summit
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Death
,
C
.
2011
. “
Leading by Example: South African Foreign Policy and Global Environmental Politics
.”
International Relations
25
(
4
):
455
78
.
Debord
,
G
.
1967
.
Society of the Spectacle
.
London
:
Rebel Press
.
De Jonge Schuermans
,
A. M
.
,
Helbing
, and
J
.
,
Fedosseev
.
R
.
2004
.
Evaluation of Success and Failure in the International Water Management
.
Zurich
:
ETH Zurich
.
Demmers
,
J
.,
,
Fernández Jilberto
,
A. E
.
and
Hogenboom
.
B
.
2004
. “
Good Governance and Democracy in a World of Neoliberal Regimes
.” In
Good Governance in the Era of Global Neoliberalism: Conflict and Depolitisation in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa
, ed.
Demmers
,
J. A
,
Fernández Jilberto
,
E
. and
Hogenboom
,
B
.
1
37
.
London
:
Routledge
.
DeMotts
,
R
.
2009
. “
Of Football and Zebras: Imagining 2010 in the Southern African Wilderness
.” Paper presented at the
Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
,
New York
,
15
18
February
.
Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
.
2005
. “
Positioning the Transfrontier Parks (TEPs) and Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) as Southern Africa’s Premiere International Tourism Destination: A Strategy Paper Phase One—2005–2010
.”
Draft discussion document
,
Pretoria
,
South Africa
.
Diederichs
,
N
.
, and
Mander
.
M
.
2004
. “
Payments for Environmental Services Baseline Study
.”
Final report to the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
,
Everton, Futureworks
!
Dietz
,
T
.
1996
.
Entitlements to Natural Resources: Contours of Political Environmental Geography
.
Utrecht, the Netherlands
:
International Books
.
Dowie
,
M
.
2009
.
Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
.
Drainville
,
A. C
.
1994
. “
International Political Economy in the Age of Open Marxism
.”
Review of International Political Economy
1
(
1
):
105
32
.
Draper
,
M
.,
,
Spierenburg
, and
M
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2004
. “
African Dreams of Cohesion: Elite Pacting and Community Development in Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa
.”
Culture and Organization
10
(
4
):
341
53
.
Dressler
,
W
.
2009
.
Old Thoughts in New Ideas: State Conservation Measures, Development and Livelihood on Palawan Island
.
Manila
:
Ateneo de Manila University Press
.
Dressler
,
W
.
2011
. “
First to Third Nature: The Rise of Capitalist Conservation on Palawan Island, the Philippines
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
38
(
3
):
533
57
.
Dressler
,
W
.
, and
Büscher
.
B. E
.
2008
. “
Market Triumphalism and the So-Called CBNRM ‘Crisis’ at the South African Section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Geoforum
39
(
1
):
452
65
.
Dressler
,
W
.,
,
Büscher
,
B. E
.
,
Schoon
,
M
.
,
Brockington
,
D
.
,
Hayes
,
T
.
,
Kull
,
C
.
,
McCarthy
, and
J
.
,
Streshta
.
K
.
2010
. “
From Hope to Crisis and Back? A Critical History of the Global CBNRM Narrative
.”
Environmental Conservation
37
(
1
):
5
15
Droog
,
I
.
2008
. “
The Show Must Go On: The Violation of Trust and the Continuation of Cooperation in the Amagugu Esizwe Project, South Africa
.”
Master’s thesis, VU University Amsterdam
.
Duffy
,
R
.
1997
. “
The Environmental Challenge to the Nation-State: Superparks and National Parks Policy in Zimbabwe
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
23
(
3
):
441
51
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2002
.
A Trip Too Far: Ecotourism, Politics, and Exploitation
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2006a
. “
Global Environmental Governance and the Politics of Ecotourism in Madagascar
.”
Journal of Ecotourism
5
:
128
44
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2006b
. “
The Potential and Pitfalls of Global Environmental Governance: The Politics of Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa
.”
Political Geography
25
:
89
112
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2010
.
Nature Crime: How We’re Getting Conservation Wrong
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Dyer-Witheford
,
N
.
1999
.
Cyber-Marx: Cycles and Circuits of Struggle in High-Technology Capitalism
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
.
Edwards
,
M
.
1999
.
Future Positive: International Cooperation in the 21st Century
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ellis
,
W
.
2011
. “
The ≠Khomani San Land Claim against the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park: Requiring and Acquiring Authenticity
.” In
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
, ed.
Walker
,
C
,
Bohlin
,
A
,
Hall
,
R
. and
Kepe
,
T
.
181
97
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Eriksen
,
T. H
.
2001
.
Tyranny of the Moment: Fast and Slow Time in the Information Age
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Escobar
,
A
.
1995
.
Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Escobar
,
A
.
1999
. “
After Nature: Steps Towards an Antiessentialist Political Ecology
.”
Current Anthropology
40
(
1
):
1
30
.
European Union and Kingdom of Lesotho
.
2002
. “
Joint Annual Report on Cooperation between the European Union and the Kingdom of Lesotho
.”
Delegation of the European Commission in the Kingdom of Lesotho and the National Authorising Officer of the Lesotho Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Maseru, Lesotho. ec.europa.eu/development/icenter/repository/jar07elseen.pdf
.
Fabricius
,
C
.
, and
Koch
.
E
.
2004
.
Rights Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa
. Edited with
Magome
H
. and
Turner
.
S
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Fairhead
,
J
.
, and
Leach
.
M
.
1996
.
Misreading the African Landscape: Society and Ecology in a Forest-Savanna Mosaic
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Fay
,
D
.
2013
. “
Neoliberal Conservation and Lawfare: New Legal Entities and the Political Ecology of Litigation at Dwesa-Cwebe, South Africa
.”
Geoforum
44
(
1
):
170
81
.
Fay
,
D
.
, and
James
.
D
.
2009
.
The Rights and Wrongs of Land Restitution: Restoring What Was Ours
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
1994
.
The Anti-politics Machine: “Development,” Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
2006
.
Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
2010
. “
The Uses of Neoliberalism
.”
Antipode
41
(
1
):
166
84
.
Fine
,
B
.
, and
Rustomjee
.
Z
.
1996
.
The Political Economy of South Africa: From Minerals-Energy Complex to Industrialisation
.
Boulder, Colo
.:
Westview Press
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2009
. “
Ecotourism Discourse: Challenging the Stakeholders Theory
.”
Journal of Ecotourism
8
(
3
):
269
85
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2010
. “
Neoliberal Environmentality: Towards a Poststructural Political Ecology of the Conservation Debate
.”
Conservation and Society
8
(
3
):
171
81
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2011
. “
Sustaining Tourism, Sustaining Capitalism? The Tourism Industry’s Role in Global Capitalist Expansion
.”
Tourism Geographies
13
(
3
):
443
61
.
Ford
,
L
.
2003
. “
Challenging Global Environmental Governance: Social Movement Agency and Global Civil Society
.”
Global Environmental Politics
3
(
2
):
120
34
.
Forslund
,
A
.,
.
2009
. “
Securing Water for Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: The Importance of Environmental Flows
.”
Swedish Water House Report
24
,
Stockholm International Water Institute
.
Foster
,
J. B
.
2000
.
Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Foucault
,
M
.
1995
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
.
Foucault
,
M
.
2008
.
The Birth of Biopolitics. Lectures at the College de France 1978–1979
.
Translated by Graham Burchell
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Galvin
,
M
.
, and
Haller
.
T
.
2008
.
People, Protected Areas and Global Change
.
Bern
:
NCCR North-South, Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research North-South, University of Bern
.
Garland
,
E
.
2008
. “
The Elephant in the Room: Confronting the Colonial Character of Wildlife Conservation in Africa
.”
African Studies Review
51
(
3
):
51
74
.
Gibson
,
C. C
.
1999
.
Politicians and Poachers: The Political Economy of Wildlife Policy in Africa
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Gibson
,
C. C
.
, and
Marks
.
S. A
.
1995
. “
Turning Hunters into Conservationists: An Assessment of Community-Based Wildlife Programs in Africa
.”
World Development
23
(
6
):
941
57
.
Gill
,
S
.
1993
. “
A Short History of Lesotho
.” In
Lesotho, Kingdom in the Sky
, ed.
Giessen
,
J. A. M
.
9
167
.
Bergen Dal, the Netherlands
:
Afrika Museum
.
Gill
,
S
.
1995
. “
Globalisation, Market Civilisation, and Disciplinary Neoliberalism
.”
Millennium: Journal of International Studies
24
(
3
):
399
423
.
Goldman
,
M
.
2005
.
Imperial Nature: The World Bank and Struggles for Social Justice in the Age of Globalization
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Gray
,
J
.
2000
.
Two Faces of Liberalism
.
Cambridge, U.K
.:
Polity Press
.
Griffin
,
J
.,
,
Cumming
,
D
.
,
Metcalfe
,
S
.
,
t’Sas-Rolfes
,
M
,
Singh
,
J
.
,
Chonguiça
,
E
.
,
Rowen
, and
M
.
,
Oglethorpe
.
J
.
1999
.
Study on the Development of Transboundary Natural Resource Management Areas in Southern Africa
.
Washington, D.C
.:
Biodiversity Support Program
.
Grove
,
R
.
1989
. “
Scottish Missionaries, Evangelical Discourses and the Origins of Conservation Thinking in Southern Africa 1820–1900
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
15
(
2
):
163
87
.
Hanks
,
J
.
2000
.
The Origin and Objectives of the Peace Parks Foundation
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Hanks
,
J
.
2003
. “
Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
17
(1–2
):
127
48
.
Haraway
,
D. J
.
1997
.
Modest_Witness@second_Millennium.FemaleMan©_Meets_OncoMouse™: Feminism and Technoscience
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Harrison
,
G
.
2005a
. “
Economic Faith, Social Project and a Misreading of African Society: The Travails of Neoliberalism in Africa
.”
Third World Quarterly
26
(
8
):
1303
20
.
Harrison
,
G
.
2005b
. “
The World Bank, Governance and Theories of Political Action in Africa
.”
British Journal of Politics and International Relations
7
:
240
60
.
Hart
,
G
.
2002
.
Disabling Globalization: Places of Power in Post-Apartheid South Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Hart
,
G
.
2008
. “
The Provocations of Neoliberalism: Contesting the Nation and Liberation after Apartheid
.”
Antipode
40
(
4
):
678
705
.
Hartwick
,
E
.
, and
Peet
.
R
.
2003
. “
Neoliberalism and Nature: The Case of the WTO
.”
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
590
(
1
):
188
211
.
Harvey
,
D
.
1996
.
Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference
.
Malden
:
Blackwell
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2006
.
Spaces of Global Capitalism: A Theory of Uneven Geographical Development
.
London
:
Verso
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2010
.
The Enigma of Capital and the Crises of Capitalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Heynen
,
N
.,
,
Prudham
,
S
.
,
McCarthy
, and
J
.
,
Robbins
.
P
.
2007
.
Neoliberal Environments: False Promises and Unnatural Consequences
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Holmes
,
G
.
2012
. “
Biodiversity for Billionaires: Capitalism, Conservation and the Role of Philanthropy in Saving/Selling Nature
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
185
203
.
Holt
,
F. L
.
2005
. “
The Catch-22 of Conservation: Indigenous Peoples, Biologists, and Cultural Change
.”
Human Ecology
33
(
2
):
199
215
.
Horta
,
K
.
1995
. “
The Mountain Kingdom’s White Oil: The Lesotho Highlands Water Project
.”
Ecologist
25
:
227
31
.
Horta
,
K
.,
,
Round
, and
R
.
,
Young
.
Z
.
2002
.
The Global Environment Facility: The First Ten Years—Growing Pains or Inherent Flaws
.
Halifax, Canada
:
Halifax Initiative and Environmental Defense
.
Huggins
,
G
.,
,
Barendse
,
E
.
,
Fischer
, and
A
.
,
Sitoi
.
J
.
2003
. “
Limpopo National Park: Resettlement Policy Framework
.”
Washington, D.C.; Maputo
:
World Bank; Limpopo National Park
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2001
. “
‘Rezoned for Business’: How Ecotourism Unlocked Black Farmland in Eastern Zimbabwe
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
1
(
4
):
575
99
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2005
. “
Third Nature: Making Space and Time in the Great Limpopo Conservation Area
.”
Cultural Anthropology
20
(
2
):
157
84
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2006
.
From Enslavement to Environmentalism: Politics on a Southern African Frontier
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2010
.
Whiteness in Zimbabwe: Race, Landscape, and the Problem of Belonging
.
New York
:
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Hulme
,
D
.
, and
Murphree
.
M
.
2001
.
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Hutton
,
J
.
,
M. Adams
,
W
., and
Murombedzi
.
J. C
.
2005
. “
Back to the Barriers? Changing Narratives in Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Forum for Development Studies
2
:
341
70
.
Igoe
,
J
.
2004
.
Conservation and Globalization: A Study of National Parks and Indigenous Communities from East Africa to South Dakota
.
Belmont, Calif
.:
Wadsworth
.
Igoe
,
J
.
2010
. “
The Spectacle of Nature in the Global Economy of Appearances: Anthropological Engagements with the Images of Transnational Conservation
.”
Critique of Anthropology
30
(
4
):
375
97
.
Igoe
,
J
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2007
. “
Neoliberal Conservation: A Brief Introduction
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
4
):
432
49
.
Igoe
,
J
.
, and
Fortwangler
.
C
.
2007
. “
Introduction: Whither Communities and Conservation?
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management
3
:
65
76
.
Igoe
,
J
.,
,
Neves
, and
K
.
,
Brockington
.
D
.
2010
. “
A Spectacular Eco-tour around the Historic Bloc: Theorising the Convergence of Biodiversity Conservation and Capitalist Expansion
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
486
512
.
International Union for Conservation of Nature
.
1994
.
Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre
.
Jeffery
,
A. J
.
1997
.
The Natal Story: Sixteen Years of Conflict
.
Johannesburg
: South African Institute of Race Relations.
Jones
,
J. L
.
2005
. “
Transboundary Conservation: Development Implications for Communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
.”
The International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology
12
(
3
):
266
78
.
Kepe
,
T
.
2009
. “
Shaped by Race: Why ‘Race’ Still Matters in the Challenges Facing Biodiversity Conservation in Africa
.”
Local Environment
14
:
871
78
.
Khanya
.
2005
. “
Community-Based Management of Eco-tourism in Lesotho
.”
Partial draft report
.
Bloemfontein
:
Khanya—Managing Rural Change cc
.
King
,
B
.
2009
. “
Commercializing Conservation in South Africa
.”
Environment and Planning A
41
(
2
):
407
24
.
Konrád
,
G
.
1984
.
Anti-politics
.
London
:
Quartet
.
Kovel
,
J
.
2002
.
The Enemy of Nature, the End of Capitalism or the End of the World?
London
:
Zed Books
.
Kusters
,
K
.,
,
Achdiawan
,
R
.
,
Belcher
, and
B
.
,
Ruiz Perez
.
M
.
2006
. “
Balancing Development and Conservation? An Assessment of Livelihood and Environmental Outcomes of Nontimber Forest Product Trade in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
.”
Ecology and Society
11
(
2
):
20
.
Lamar
,
H
.
, and
Thompson
L
.
1981
.
The Frontier in History: North America and Southern Africa Compared
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Latour
,
B
.
2005
.
Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Lefebvre
,
H
.
1991
.
The Production of Space
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Lewis
,
D
.,
,
Bebbington
,
A. J
.
,
Batterbury
,
S. P. J
.
,
Shah
,
A
.
,
Olson
,
E
.
,
Shameem Siddiqi
,
M
.
and
Duvall
.
S
.
2003
. “
Practice, Power and Meaning: Frameworks for Studying Organizational Culture in Multi-agency Rural Development Projects
.”
Journal of International Development
15
:
541
57
.
Lewis
,
D
.
, and
Mosse
.
D
.
2006
.
Development Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid Agencies
.
Bloomfield, Conn
.:
Kumarian Press
.
Li
,
T. M
.
2007
.
The Will to Improve: Governmentality, Development, and the Practice of Politics
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Lugard
,
F
.
1965
.
The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lund
,
C
.
2006
. “
Twilight Institutions: Public Authority and Local Politics in Africa
.”
Development and Change
37
(
4
):
685
705
.
MacDonald
,
K
.
2010
. “
The Devil Is in the (Bio)diversity: Private Sector ‘Engagement’ and the Restructuring of Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
513
50
.
Magome
,
H
.
, and
Murombedzi
.
J. C
.
2003
. “
Sharing South African National Parks: Community Land and Conservation in a Democratic South Africa
.” In
Decolonising Nature: Strategies for Conservation in a Post-colonial Era
, ed.
Adams
W. M
. and
Mulligan
,
M
.
108
43
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Mamdani
,
M
.
1996
.
Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Mander
,
M
.,
.
2007
. “
Payment for Ecosystem Services: Developing an Ecosystem Services Trading Model for the Mnweni/Cathedral Peak and Eastern Cape Drakensberg Areas
.”
Institute of Natural Resources Report IR281, Institute of Natural Resources, Development Bank of Southern Africa, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
.
Mander
,
M
.
, and
Everard
.
M
.
2008
. “
The Socio-economics of River Management
.”
Environmental Scientist
17
(
3
):
31
34
.
Mansfield
,
B
.
2004
. “
Neoliberalism in the Oceans: ‘Rationalization,’ Property Rights and the Commons Question
.”
Geoforum
35
:
313
26
.
Marden
,
P
.
2003
.
The Decline of Politics: Governance, Globalisation and the Public Sphere
.
Aldershot, U.K
.:
Ashgate
.
Marx
,
K
.
1976
.
Capital: Volume I
.
London
:
Penguin Books
.
Matela
,
L. S
.
, and
Fraser
.
D
.
2004
.
MDTP Bi-lateral Strategic Planning Workshop
.
Proceedings recorded at Didima Hutted Camp, Lesotho
,
25
28
July
, by the
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Matlosa
,
K
.
1999
. “
Aid, Development and Democracy in Lesotho, 1966–1996
.”
Paper presented at the
Aid, Development and Democracy in Southern Africa
workshop organized by the Centre for Southern African Studies, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town
,
South Africa
,
21
22
November
.
Mavhunga
,
C
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2007
. “
On the Local Community: The Language of Disengagement?
Conservation and Society
5
(
1
):
44
59
.
Mbembe
,
A
.
2000
. “
At the Edge of the World: Boundaries, Territoriality, and Sovereignty in Africa
.”
Public Culture
12
(
1
):
259
84
.
Mbembe
,
A
.
2001
.
On the Postcolony
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
McAfee
,
K
.
1999
. “
Selling Nature to Save It? Biodiversity and Green Developmentalism
.”
Society and Space
17
(
2
):
203
19
.
McCarthy
,
J
.
2005
. “
Devolution in the Woods: Community Forestry as Hybrid Neoliberalism
.”
Environment and Planning A
37
:
995
1014
.
McCarthy
,
J
.
, and
Prudham
.
S
.
2004
. “
Neoliberal Nature and the Nature of Neoliberalism
.”
Geoforum
35
:
275
83
.
McDonald
,
D. A
.
, and
Ruiters
.
G
.
2005
. “
Theorizing Water Privatization in Southern Africa
.” In
The Age of Commodity: Water Privatization in Southern Africa
, ed.
McDonald
D. A
. and
Ruiters
,
G
.
13
42
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2004
. “
Position Article: Employment Equity within the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project Coordinating Unit—South Africa
.”
Howick, South Africa
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005a
. “
Environmental Resources Management Areas (ERMAS): Concept Development and Implementation Strategy
.”
Unpublished concept note
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005b
. “
Mid Term Review of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project June–July 2005
.”
Howick, South Africa
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005c
. “
System of Integrated Community and District Planning for Lesotho
.”
Unpublished document, Maseru, Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007a
. “
Amagugu Esizwe MDTP Project, Supporting Community-Led Initiatives in Natural and Cultural Resource Management in the Upper uThukela Region
.”
Unpublished final project report by Farmer Support Group, Bergwatch, and Grassland Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal
,
Howick, South Africa
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007b
.
The Maloti Drakensberg Experience: Exploring the Maloti Drakensberg Route
.
Howick, South Africa
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007c
. “
Moteng Vegetation Report and Grazing Management Plan
.”
Unpublished report, Botha-Bothe
,
Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007d
. “
20-year (2008–2028) Conservation and Development Strategy for the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area: Natural and Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Maloti Drakensberg Mountains
.”
Draft version 6
,
10
May
,
Howick, South Africa, and Maseru, Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007e
. “
20-year (2008–2028) Conservation and Development Strategy for the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area: Natural and Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Maloti Drakensberg Mountains
.”
Final draft
.
Howick, South Africa, and Maseru, Lesotho
,
30
July
.
Migdal
,
J
.
1988
.
Strong Societies and Weak States. State-Society Relations and Stace Capabilities in the Third World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Milgroom
,
J
.
, and
Spierenburg
.
M
.
2008
. “
Induced Volition: Resettlement from the Limpopo National Park, Mozambique
.”
Journal of Contemporary African Studies
26
(
4
):
435
48
.
Milne
,
S
.
, and
Adams
.
W. A
.
2012
. “
Market Masquerades: The Politics of CommunityLevel Payments for Environmental Services in Cambodia
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
133
58
.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
.,
,
Kormos
,
C. F
.
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
.
,
Robles Gil
,
P
.
,
Sandwith
, and
T
.
,
Besançon
.
C
.
2005
.
Transboundary Conservation: A New Vision for Protected Areas
.
Mexico City
:
CEMEX, Agrupación Sierra Madre, and Conservation International
.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
.,
,
Kormos
,
C. F
.
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
.
,
Sandwith
,
T
.
,
Besançon
,
C
.
,
Zbicz
,
D. C
.
,
Robles Gil
,
P
.
,
Hanks
,
J
.
,
Braack
,
L
.
,
Hoffmann
,
M
.
.
2005
. “
An Introduction to Transboundary Conservation
.” In
Transboundary Conservation: A New Vision for Protected Areas
, ed.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
,
Kormos
,
C. F
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
,
Robles Gil
,
P
,
Sandwith
T
. and
Besançon
,
C
.
27
66
.
Mexico City
:
CEMEX, Agrupación Sierra Madre, Conservation International
.
Moodley
,
K
.
, and
Adam
.
H
.
2000
. “
Race and Nation in Post-apartheid South Africa
.”
Current Sociology
48
(
3
):
51
69
.
Moore
,
D
.
1999
. “
‘Sail on, O Ship of State’: Neo-liberalism, Globalisation and the Governance of Africa
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
27
(
1
):
61
96
.
Moore
,
D. S
.
2005
.
Suffering for Territory: Race, Place, and Power in Zimbabwe
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Moore
,
D. S
.
2008
. “
Sovereignty, Spatiality and Spectres of Race
.”
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography
29
:
254
61
.
Moore
,
J. W
.
2010
. “
The End of the Road? Agricultural Revolutions in the Capitalist World-Ecology, 1450–2010
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
10
(
3
):
389
413
.
Moosa
,
M. V
.
2002
. “
Truly the Greatest Animal Kingdom
.”
Bojanala
1
(
1
):
11
12
.
Mosimane
,
A. W
.
, and
Aribeb
.
K. M
.
2005
. “
Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who Defines?
Commons Southern Africa Occasional Paper Series
, no.
14
,
Centre for Applied Social Sciences and Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies, Harare, Zimbabwe, and Cape Town
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2004
. “
Is Good Policy Unimplementable? Reflections on the Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice
.”
Development and Change
35
(
4
):
639
71
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2005
.
Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2006
. “
Anti-social Anthropology? Objectivity, Objection and the Ethnography of Public Policy and Professional Communities
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
12
:
935
56
.
Mosse
,
D
.
, and
Lewis
D
.
2006
. “
Theoretical Approaches to Brokerage and Translation in Development
.” In
Development Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid and Agencies
, ed.
Lewis
D
. and
Mosse
,
D
.
1
26
.
Bloomfield, Conn
.:
Kumarian Press
.
Mudimbe
,
V. Y
.
1988
.
The Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of Knowledge
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Mulgan
,
G. J
.
1994
.
Politics in an Antipolitical Age
.
Cambridge, U.K
.:
Polity Press
.
Munthali
,
S. M
.
, and
Soto
.
B
.
2001
.
Overt and Latent Conflicts Associated with the Establishment, Development and Management of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.
Maputo, Mozambique
:
Transfrontier Conservation Areas Secretariat
.
Muradian
,
R
.,
,
Corbera
,
E
.
,
Pascual
,
U
.
,
Kosoy
, and
N
.
,
May
P. H
.
2010
. “
Reconciling Theory and Practice: An Alternative Conceptual Framework for Understanding Payments for Environmental Services
.”
Ecological Economics
69
(
6
):
1202
8
.
Mwangi
,
O
.
2007
. “
Hydropolitics, Ecocide and Human Security in Lesotho: A Case Study of the Highlands Water Project
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
33
(
1
):
3
17
.
Myburgh
,
W
.
2005
. “
Fostering Tourism in Southern Africa through Transfrontier Conservation
.”
Presentation at the Third International Institute for Peace through Tourism African Conference
,
Lusaka, Zambia
,
6
11
February
.
Nealon
,
J. T
.
2008
.
Foucault beyond Foucault: Power and Its Intensification since 1984
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
.
Nederveen Pieterse
,
J
.
2004
. “
Neoliberal Empire
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
21
(
3
):
119
40
.
Nelson
,
R. H
.
2003
. “
Environmental Colonialism: ‘Saving Africa from Africans.’
The Independent Review
8
(
1
):
65
86
.
Neocosmos
,
M
.
2003
. “
Neo-liberalism versus State Nationalism: Beyond State Thinking in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Contemporary African Studies
21
(
2
):
341
57
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
1998
.
Imposing Wilderness: Struggles over Livelihoods and Nature Preservation in Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
2004
. “
Moral and Discursive Geographies in the War for Biodiversity in Africa
.”
Political Geography
23
:
813
37
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
2005
.
Making Political Ecology
.
London
:
Hodder Arnold
.
Neves
,
K
.
2010
. “
Cashing in on Cetourism: A Critical Ecological Engagement with Dominant E-NGO Discourses on Whaling, Cetacean Conservation, and Whale Watching
.”
Antipode
42
:
719
41
.
Nüsser
,
M
.
, and
Grab
.
S
.
2002
. “
Land Degradation and Soil Erosion in the Eastern Highlands of Lesotho, Southern Africa
.”
Die Erde: Beitrag zur Physischen Geographie
133
:
291
311
.
Nustad
,
K. G
.
2001
. “
Development: The Devil We Know?
Third World Quarterly
22
(
4
):
479
98
.
Oates
,
J. F
.
1999
.
Myth and Reality in the Rain Forest: How Conservation Strategies Are Failing in West Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Olivier de Sardan
,
J. P
.
2005
.
Anthropology and Development: Understanding Contemporary Social Change
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Ong
,
A
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Overbeek
,
H
.
1999
. “
Globalisation and Britain’s Decline
.” In
Rethinking Decline: Britain Towards 2000
, ed.
English
R
. and
Kenny
,
M
.
231
56
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Overbeek
,
H
.
2005
. “
Global Governance, Class, Hegemony: A Historical Materialist Perspective
.” In
Contending Perspectives on Global Governance: Coherence, Contestation and World Order
, ed.
Ba
A. D
. and
Hoffman
,
M. J
.
39
56
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Paulson
,
S
.,
,
Gezon
, and
L. L
.
,
Watts
.
M
.
2003
. “
Locating the Political in Political Ecology: An Introduction
.”
Human Organization
62
(
3
):
205
17
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2000
.
Annual Review 1999
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2002
.
Annual Review 2001
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2002
.
Funding Application in Support of a TFCA Technical Advisor: Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Botswana
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2007
.
Review 1997–2006
.
Stellenbosch
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2008
.
Annual Report 2007
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peck
,
J
.
2010
.
Constructions of Neoliberal Reason
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Peck
,
J
.
, and
Tickell
.
A
.
2002
. “
Neoliberalizing Space
.”
Antipode
34
(
3
):
380
404
.
Peluso
,
N. L
.
1992
.
Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Peluso
,
N. L
.
1993
. “
Coercing Conservation? The Politics of State Resource Control
.”
Global Environmental Change
3
(
2
):
199
218
.
Peterson
,
M. N
.,
,
Peterson
, and
M. J
.
,
Peterson
.
T. R
.
2005
. “
Conservation and the Myth of Consensus
.”
Conservation Biology
19
(
3
):
762
67
.
Polanyi
,
K
.
2001 [1944]
.
The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Pomela
,
E. M
.
1998
. “
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Unpublished paper, Ministry of Environment, Gender and Youth Affairs
,
Maseru, Lesotho
.
Porter
,
T
.
1999
. “
The Late-Modern Knowledge Structure and World Politics
.” In
Approaches to Global Governance Theory
, ed.
Hewson
M
. and
Sinclair
,
T. J
.
137
56
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Pottier
,
J
.
1993
. “
The Role of Ethnography in Project Appraisal
.” In
Practicing Development: Social Science Perspectives
, ed.
Pottier
,
J
.
13
33
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Prudham
,
W. S
.
2005
.
Knock on Wood: Nature as Commodity in Douglas-Fir Country
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.
1988
. “
The Hidden Crisis in Development: Development Bureaucracies in between Intentions and Outcomes
.” In
The Hidden Crisis in Development: Development Bureaucracies
, ed.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
,
Kruijt
,
D
. and
Downing
,
T
.
9
38
.
Amsterdam
:
VU University Press
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.
, and
Giri
,
A. K
. eds.
2003
.
A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.,
,
Giri
, and
A. K
.
,
Mosse
.
D
.
2003
. “
Interventions in Development: Towards a New Moral Understanding of Our Experiences and an Agenda for the Future
.” In
A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities
, ed.
Quarles van Ufford
P
. and
Giri
,
A. K
.
3
43
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Quinlan
,
T
.
1995
. “
Grassland Degradation and Livestock Rearing in Lesotho
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
21
(
3
):
491
507
.
Quinlan
,
T
.
, and
Morris
.
C. D
.
1994
. “
Implications of Changes to the Transhumance System for Conservation of the Mountain Catchments in Eastern Lesotho
.”
African Journal of Range and Forage Science
11
(
3
):
76
81
.
Ramutsindela
,
M
.
2007
.
Transfrontier Conservation in Africa: At the Confluence of Capital, Politics and Nature
.
Wallingford, U.K
.:
CABI
.
Ramutsindela
,
M
.,
,
Spierenburg
, and
M
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2011
.
Environmental Philanthropy
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Redford
,
K
.
, and
Adams
.
W. M
.
2009
. “
Payment for Ecosystem Services and the Challenge of Saving Nature
.”
Conservation Biology
23
(
4
):
785
87
.
Refugee Research Programme
.
2002
. “
A Park for the People? Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park—Community Consultation in Coutada 16, Mozambique
.”
Johannesburg
:
University of the Witswatersrand
.
Richardson
,
J. L
.
2001
.
Contending Liberalisms in World Politics: Ideology and Power
.
Boulder, Colo
.:
Lynne Rienner Publishers
.
Robins
,
S
.
, and
van der Waal
.
K
.
2011
. “
‘Model Tribes’ and Iconic Conservationists? Tracking the Makuleke Restitution Case in Kruger National Park
.” In
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
, ed.
Walker
,
C
,
Bohlin
,
A
,
Hall
,
R
. and
Kepe
,
T
.
163
80
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Rogerson
,
C. M
.
2004
. “
Transforming the South African Tourism Industry: The Emerging Black-Owned Bed and Breakfast Economy
.”
Geojournal
60
:
273
81
.
Rohde
,
R. F
.,
,
Moleele
,
N. M
.
,
Mphale
,
M
.
,
Allsopp
,
N
.
,
Chanda
,
R
.
,
Hoffman
,
M. T
.
,
Magole
, and
L
.
,
Young
.
E
.
2006
. “
Dynamics of Grazing Policy and Practice: Environmental and Social Impacts in Three Communal Areas of Southern Africa
.”
Environmental Science and Policy
9
:
302
16
.
Rose
,
N
.
1996
. “
Governing ‘Advanced’ Liberal Democracies
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
,
A
,
Osborne
,
T
. and
Rose
,
N
.
37
64
.
London
:
University College London Press
.
Rosenau
,
J. N
.
1997
.
Along the Domestic-Foreign Frontier: Exploring Governance in a Turbulent World
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Rosenau
,
J. N
.
, and
Czempiel
.
E-O
.
1992
.
Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ross
,
R
.
1981
. “
Capitalism, Expansion, and the Incorporation on the Southern African Frontier
.” In
The Frontier in History: North America and Southern Africa Compared
, ed.
Lamar
H
. and
Thomson
,
L
.
209
33
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Ros-Tonen
,
M. A. F
.
, and
Dietz
.
T
.
2005
.
African Forests between Nature and Livelihood Resource: Interdisciplinary Studies in Conservation and Forest Management
.
New York
:
Edwin Mellen Press
.
Roth
,
R
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2012
. “
Market-Oriented Conservation Governance: The Particularities of Place
.”
Geoforum
43
(
3
):
363
66
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
1997a
. “
Drakensberg-Maloti Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area
.”
Planning Division Document 1997/1. Notes recorded at a project-development workshop convened by Natal Parks Board, South Africa, and the National Environment Secretariat of Lesotho at Giant’s Castle in the Natal Drakensberg Park
,
12
13
September
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
1997b
.
“The Drakensberg-Maloti Transfrontier Conservation Area: Experience and Lessons Learned.”
In
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas
,
Parks for Peace: Conference Proceedings, International Conference on Transboundary Protected Areas as a Vehicle for International Co-operation, 16–18 September 1997, Somerset West, near Cape Town, South Africa
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
2003
. “
Overcoming Barriers: Conservation and Development in the Maloti-Drakensberg Mountains of Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
17
(
1–2
):
149
69
.
Sandwith
,
T
.,
,
Shine
,
C
.
,
Hamilton
, and
L
.
,
Sheppard
.
D
.
2001
.
Transboundary Protected Areas for Peace and Co-operation
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Schedler
,
A
.
1997
. “
Introduction
.” In
The End of Politics? Explorations into Modern Anti-politics
, ed.
Schedler
,
A
.
1
20
.
New York
:
Macmillan
.
Schmidt-Soltau
,
K
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2007
. “
Protected Areas and Resettlement: What Scope for Voluntary Relocation?
World Development
35
(
12
):
2182
202
.
Schmitz
,
T. T
.
1992
. “
The Lesotho Highlands Water Project: A Systematic Narrowing of Benefits
.”
Occasional paper 31, Third World Centre, Catholic University of Nijmegen
, the
Netherlands
.
Schoon
,
M. L
.
2009
. “
Building Robustness to Disturbance: Governance in Southern African Peace Parks
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Indiana University
.
Schroeder
,
R. A
.
1999
. “
Geographies of Environmental Intervention in Africa
.”
Progress in Human Geography
23
(
3
):
359
78
.
Scott
,
J
.
1985
.
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
J
.
1998
.
Seeing Like a State. How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Sechaba Consultants
.
2000
.
Poverty and Livelihoods in Lesotho, 2000: More Than a Mapping Exercise
.
Maseru, Lesotho
:
Sechaba Consultants
.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
.
2010
.
Global Biodiversity Outlook 3
.
Montreal
:
Secretariat of Convention on Biological Diversity
.
Shackleton
S
.
, and
Shackleton
.
C
.
2004
. “
Everyday Resources Are Valuable Enough for Community-Based Natural Resources Management Programme Support: Evidence from South Africa
.” In
Rights, Resources and Rural Development
, ed.
Fabricius
,
C
,
Kock
,
E
,
Magone
,
H
. and
Turner
,
S
.
134
46
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Showers
,
K. B
.
1989
. “
Soil Erosion in the Kingdom of Lesotho: Origins and Colonial Response, 1830s–1950s
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
15
(
2
):
263
86
.
Singh
,
J
.
, and
van Houtum
.
H
.
2002
. “
Post-colonial Nature Conservation in Southern Africa: Same Emperors, New Clothes?
Geojournal
58
:
253
63
.
Sisitka
,
L
.
2007
. “
Amagugu Esizwe: End of Term Evaluation; Final Report
.”
Unpublished report, FSG, Pietermaritzburg
,
South Africa
.
Slater
,
C
.
2002
.
Entangled Edens: Visions of the Amazon
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Solomon
,
H
.
, and
Turton
.
A
.
2000
.
Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality
.
Durban, South Africa
:
ACCORD
.
Songorwa
,
A. N
.
1999
. “
Community-Based Wildlife Management (CWM) in Tanzania: Are the Communities Interested?
World Development
27
(
12
):
2061
79
.
South Africa National Biodiversity Institute
.
2005
.
Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Municipalities
.
Unpublished proceedings of a workshop
,
4
5
October
,
Biodiversity Centre, SANBI National Botanical Garden
,
Pretoria
.
Spenceley
,
A
.
2005
.
Tourism Investment in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area. Scoping Report
.
Johannesburg
:
Transboundary Protected Areas Research Initiative
.
Spierenburg
,
M
.,
,
Steenkamp
, and
C
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2006
. “
Resistance of Local Communities against Marginalization in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Focaal
47
:
18
31
.
Spierenburg
,
M
.
, and
Wels
.
H
.
2010
. “
Conservative Philanthropists, Royalty and Business Elites in Nature Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
647
70
.
Strange
,
S
.
1970
. “
International Economics and International Relations: A Case of Mutual Neglect
.”
International Affairs
46
(
2
):
304
15
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2006
. “
The Elephant in the Room? Problematising ‘New’ (Neoliberal) Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Forum for Development Studies
12
(
1
):
105
35
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2009
. “
Green Capitalism, and the Cultural Poverty of Constructing Nature as Service Provider
.”
Radical Anthropology
3
:
18
27
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2010
. “
The Environmentality of ‘Earth Incorporated’: On Contemporary Primitive Accumulation and the Financialisation of Environmental Conservation
.”
Paper presented at the “An Environmental History of Neoliberalism” conference
,
Lund University, Lund, Sweden
,
6
8
May
.
Tanner
,
R. J
.
2003
. “
Transfrontier Conservation Areas of Southern Africa and Community Involvement in the Context of International Law
.”
Master’s thesis, University of Montana
.
Taylor
,
I
.
2003
. “
Globalization and Regionalization in Africa: Reactions to Attempts at Neo-liberal Regionalism
.”
Review of International Political Economy
10
(
2
):
310
30
.
Terborgh
,
J
.
1999
.
Requiem for Nature
.
Washington, D.C
.:
Island Press
.
Thabane
,
M
.
2000
. “
Shifts from Old to New Social and Ecological Environments in the Lesotho Highlands Water Scheme: Relocating Residents of the Mohale Dam Area
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
26
(
4
):
633
54
.
Thabane
,
M
.
2002
. “
Aspects of Colonial Economy and Society, 1868–1966
.” In
Essays on Aspects of the Political Economy of Lesotho 1500–2000
, ed.
Pule
N. W
. and
Thabane
,
M
.
103
30
.
Roma
:
National University of Lesotho
.
Thompson
,
L
.
2001
.
A History of South Africa
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Thondhlana
,
G
.,
,
Shackleton
, and
S
.
,
Muchapondwa
.
E
.
2011
. “
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and Its Land Claimants: A Pre- and Post-land Claim Conservation and Development History
.”
Environmental Research Letters
6
(
2
):
1
12
.
Thrift
,
N
.
2005
.
Knowing Capitalism
.
London
:
Sage Publications
.
Timberlake
,
J
.
, and
Mateka
.
B
.
2004
. “
Conserving Mountain Biodiversity in Southern Lesotho
.”
Final Report, Project Number LES/97/G31/B/1G/
99
,
United Nations Development Programme
,
Maseru, Lesotho
.
Tordoff
,
W
.
2002
.
Government and Politics in Africa. Fourth Edition
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Tsing
,
A
.
2005
.
Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2001
.
Livelihoods in Lesotho
.
Maseru
:
CARE Lesotho
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2003
. “
Rangelands in Lesotho: Can Common Property Resources Succeed in the 21st Century?
Paper presented at the International Rangelands Conference
,
Durban, South Africa
,
26 July–1 August
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2005
.
Natural Resource Management and Local Government in the Maloti
.
Maseru, Lesotho
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2006
. “
The State, Legal Reform and Decentralisation: Consequences for the Commons in Lesotho
.”
Paper presented at “Survival of the Commons: Mounting Challenges and New Realities,” 11th biannual conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property, Bali, Indonesia
,
19
23
June
.
Turpie
,
J. K
.,
,
Marais
, and
C
.
,
Blignaut
.
J
.
2008
. “
The Working for Water Programme: Evolution of a Payments for Ecosystem Services Mechanism Addresses Both Poverty and Ecosystem Service Delivery in South Africa
.”
Ecological Economics
65
:
788
98
.
Turton
,
A. R
.
2000
. “
Precipitation, People, Pipelines and Power in Southern Africa
.” In
Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power
,
Stott
P
. and
Sullivan
,
S
.
132
56
.
London
:
Arnold
.
Underhill
,
G. R. D
.
2003
. “
States, Markets and Governance for Emerging Market Economies: Private Interests, the Public Good and the Legitimacy of the Development Process
.”
International Affairs
79
(
4
):
755
81
.
United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, and World Bank
.
1994
.
Global Environment Facility: Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase
.
Washington, D.C
.:
World Bank
.
Van Amerom
M
.
2005
. “
On the Road to Peace? Cooperation and Conflict in Southern Africa’s Peace Parks
.”
Ph.D. thesis
,
University of Durham, United Kingdom
.
Van Amerom
M
., and
Büscher
.
B. E
.
2005
. “
Peace Parks in Southern Africa: Bringers of an African Renaissance?
Journal of Modern African Studies
43
(
2
):
159
82
.
Van der Pijl
,
K
.
1998
.
Transnational Classes and International Relations
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Van der Westhuizen
,
J
.
2005
. “
Plugging into Circuits of Consumption: Marketing the South African State through Sports Events and Celebrity Celebrations
.”
Paper presented at the Globalization Studies Network, Second International Conference
,
Dakar, Senegal
,
29
31
August
.
Venema
,
B
, and
van den Breemer
.
H
.
1999
.
Towards Negotiated Co-management of Natural Resources in Africa
.
Munich
:
Lit Verlag
.
Walker
,
C
.,
,
Bohlin
,
A
.
,
Hall
, and
R
.
,
Kepe
.
T
.
2011
.
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Weaver
,
J. C
.
2003
.
The Great Land Rush and the Making of the Modern World, 1650–1900
.
Montreal
:
McGill-Queen’s University Press
.
Weaver
,
T
.
2001
.
Theatres of the Wild: The Parks of Peace
.
Stuttgart, Germany
:
DaimlerChrysler AG
.
Wellings
,
P. A
.
, and
Crush
.
J. S
.
1983
. “
Tourism and Dependency in Southern Africa: The Prospects and Planning of Tourism in Lesotho
.”
Applied Geography
3
:
205
23
.
Wells
,
M. P
.
1996
. “
The Social Role of Protected Areas in the New South Africa
.”
Environmental Conservation
23
(
4
):
322
31
.
Wendt
,
A
.
1987
. “
The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Theory
.”
International Organization
41
(
3
):
335
70
.
West
,
P
.
2006
.
Conservation Is Our Government Now: The Politics of Ecology in Papua New Guinea
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
West
,
P
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2006
. “
An Anthropological Perspective on Some Unexpected Consequences of Protected Areas
.”
Conservation Biology
20
(
3
):
609
16
.
West
,
P
.
, and
Carrier
.
J
.
2004
. “
Ecotourism and Authenticity: Getting Away from It All?
Current Anthropology
45
(
4
):
483
98
.
Wheeler
,
K
.
, and
Nauright
.
J
.
2006
. “
A Global Perspective on the Environmental Impact of Golf
.”
Sport in Society
9
(
3
):
427
43
.
Wittmayer
,
J
.
2007
. “
Life Projects, Development and the State: An Anthropological Study into Land Claims in Lesotho
.”
Master’s thesis
,
VU University Amsterdam
.
Wittmayer
,
J
.
, and
Büscher
.
B
.
2010
. “
Conserving Conflict? Transfrontier Conservation, Development Discourses and Conflict between South Africa and Lesotho
.”
Human Ecology
38
(
6
):
763
73
.
Wolmer
,
W
.
2003
. “
Transboundary Conservation: The Politics of Ecological Integrity in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
29
(
1
):
261
78
.
Wolmer
,
W
.
2006
. “
Big Conservation: The Politics of Ecoregional Science in Southern Africa
.”
Paper presented at the “Culture, Nature, Future? Perspectives on Science and Development in Africa” conference, University of
Edinburgh
,
12
13
April
.
World Bank
.
1996
.
Transfrontier Conservation Area Pilot and Institutional Strengthening Project
.
Report no. 15534-MOZ
,
World Bank
,
Washington, D.C
.
World Bank
.
2001a
. “
Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant from the Global Environmental Facility Trust Fund in the Amount of SDR 5.6 Million to the Kingdom of Lesotho for a Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Washington D.C
.,
20
August
.
World Bank
.
2001b
. “
Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant from the Global Environmental Facility Trust Fund in the Amount of SDR 6.0 Million (US$7.92 Million Equivalent) to the Republic of South Africa for a Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Report no. 22630-SA
,
Washington, D.C
.,
20
August
.
World Bank
.
2004
. “
Implementation Completion Report (TF-28483) on a Grant in the Amount of US$5 Million to the Republic of Mozambique for a Transfrontier Conservation Areas Pilot and Institutional Strengthening Project
.”
Report no. 28382
,
Washington, D.C
.
World Bank
.
2005
. “
South Africa Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project (P052368): Mid Term Review, August 1–8, 2005; Draft Aide Memoire
.”
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
,
Howick, South Africa
.
Wunder
,
S
.
2001
. “
Poverty Alleviation and Tropical Forests—What Scope for Synergies?
World Development
29
(
11
):
1817
33
.
Young
,
Z
.
2002
.
A New Green Order? The World Bank and the Politics of the Global Environment Facility
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

References

References
Actionaid International
.
2006
.
Real Aid 2: Making Technical Assistance Work
.
Johannesburg
:
Actionaid International
.
Adams
,
J. S
.
, and
McShane
.
T. O
.
1996
.
The Myth of Wild Africa: Conservation without Illusion
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Adams
,
W
.
2004
.
Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Hulme
.
D
.
2001
. “
Conservation and Community: Changing Narratives, Policies and Practices in African Conservation
.” In
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
, ed.
Hulme
D
. and
Murphree
,
M
.
9
23
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Hutton
.
J
.
2007
. “
People, Parks and Poverty: Political Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
2
):
147
83
.
Adams
,
W
.
, and
Jeanrenaud
.
S
.
2008
.
Transition to Sustainability: Towards a Humane and Diverse World
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Adesanmi
,
P
.
2011
.
You’re Not a Country, Africa: A Personal History of the African Present
.
Johannesburg
:
Penguin
.
Agrawal
,
A
.
, and
Gibson
.
C
.
1999
. “
Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation
.”
World Development
27
(
4
):
629
49
.
Alexander
,
N
.
2002
.
An Ordinary Country: Issues in the Transition from Apartheid to Democracy in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Ali
,
S. H
.
2007
.
Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
.
Anders
,
G
.
2003
. “
Good Governance as Technology: Towards an Ethnography of the Bretton Woods Institutions
.” In
The Aid Effect: Giving and Governing in International Development
, ed.
Mosse
D
. and
Lewis
,
D
.
37
60
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Arsel
,
M
.
, and
Büscher
.
B
.
2012
. “
Nature™ Inc.: Changes and Continuities in Neoliberal Conservation and Environmental Markets
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
53
78
.
Arts
,
B
.
, and
van Tatenhove
.
J
.
2004
. “
Policy and Power: A Conceptual Framework between the ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Policy Idioms
.”
Policy Sciences
37
:
339
56
.
Arvidsson
,
A
.
2005
. “
Brands: A Critical Perspective
.”
Journal of Consumer Culture
5
(
2
):
235
58
.
Axford
,
B
.
, and
Huggins
.
R
.
1998
. “
Anti-politics or the Triumph of Postmodern Populism in Promotional Cultures?
Telematics and Informatics
15
:
181
202
.
Ayers
,
A. J
.
2006
. “
Demystifying Democratisation: The Global Constitution of (Neo)Liberal Polities in Africa
.”
Third World Quarterly
27
(
2
):
321
38
.
Bainbridge
,
W. R
.,
,
Motsamai
, and
B
.
,
Weaver
.
L. C
.
1991
.
Report of the Drakensberg/Maluti Conservation Programme
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
Natal Parks Board
.
Barber
,
B
.
1995
.
Jihad vs. McWorld
.
New York
:
Times Books
.
Barnett
,
C
.
2005
. “
The Consolations of ‘Neoliberalism.’
Geoforum
36
(
1
):
7
12
.
Barret
,
C. B
.
, and
Arcese
.
P
.
1995
. “
Are Integrated Conservation-Development Projects (ICDPs) Sustainable? On the Conservation of Large Mammals in Sub-Saharan Africa
.”
World Development
23
(
6
):
1073
84
.
Barrow
,
E
.
, and
Murphree
.
M
.
2001
. “
Community Conservation: From Concept to Practice
.” In
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
, ed.
Hulme
D
. and
Murphree
,
M
.
24
37
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Barry
,
A
.,
,
Osborne
, and
T
.
,
Rose
.
N
.
1996
. “
Introduction
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
,
A
,
Osborne
,
T
. and
Rose
,
N
.
1
17
.
London
:
University College London Press
.
Bayart
,
J
.
2009
.
The State in Africa. The Politics of the Belly. Second Edition
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
.
Baudrillard
,
J
.
1994
.
Simulacra and Simulation
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Bebbington
,
A
.
2005
. “
Donor-NGO Relations and Representations of Livelihood in Nongovermental Aid Chains
.”
World Development
33
(
6
):
937
50
.
Beinart
,
W
.
2003
.
The Rise of Conservation in South Africa: Settlers, Livestock, and the Environment 1770–1950
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Bending
,
T
.
2003
. “
The Emperor’s New Clothes: Rethinking the Mechanics of the ‘Anti-politics Machine.’
” Paper presented at “
Order and Disjuncture: The Organisation of Aid and Development
,”
EIDOS workshop, London
,
26
28
September
.
Benjaminsen
,
T. A
.
, and
Svarstad
.
H
.
2010
. “
The Death of an Elephant: Conservation Discourses versus Practices in Africa
.”
Forum for Development Studies
37
(
3
):
385
408
.
Berman
,
M
.
1988
.
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air. The Experience of Modernity
.
New York
:
Penguin
.
Bernstein
,
H
.
1998
. “
Social Change in the South African Countryside? Land and Production, Poverty and Power
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
25
(
4
):
1
32
.
Biersack
,
A
.
2006
. “
Reimagining Political Ecology: Culture/Power/History/Nature
.” In
Reimagining Political Ecology
, ed.
Biersack
A
. and
Greenberg
,
J. B
.
3
42
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Blaikie
,
P
.
2006
. “
Is Small Really Beautiful? Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Malawi and Botswana
.”
World Development
34
(
11
):
1942–57
.
Bleiker
,
R
.
2000
. “
The ‘End of Modernity’?
” In
Contending Images of World Politics
, ed.
Fry
G
. and
O’Hagan
,
J
.
227
41
.
London
:
Macmillan Press
.
Boehm
,
C
.
2003
. “
The Social Life of Fields: Labour Markets and Agrarian Change in Lesotho
.”
Paideusis—Journal for Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Studies
3
:
1
20
.
Bond
,
P
.
2000
.
Elite Transition: From Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Borrini-Feyerabend
,
G
.,
,
Pimbert
,
M
.
,
Farvar
,
M
.
,
Kothari
, and
A
.
,
Renard
.
Y
.
2004
.
Sharing Power: A Global Guide to Collaborative Management of Natural Resources
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Bracking
,
S
.
2012
. “
How Do Investors Value Environmental Harm/Care? Private Equity Funds, Development Finance Institutions and the Partial Financialization of Nature-Based Industries
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
271
93
.
Brenner
,
N
.,
,
Peck
, and
J
.
,
Theodore
.
N
.
2010
. “
After Neoliberalization?
Globalizations
7
(
3
):
327
45
.
Brenner
,
N
.
, and
Theodore
.
N
.
2002
. “
Cities and the Geographies of ‘Actually Existing Neoliberalism.’
Antipode
34
(
3
):
356
86
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2002
.
Fortress Conservation: The Preservation of the Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2008
. “
Powerful Environmentalisms: Conservation, Celebrity and Capitalism
.”
Media Culture Society
30
(
4
):
551
68
.
Brockington
,
D
.
2009
.
Celebrity and the Environment: Fame, Wealth and Power in Conservation
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Brockington
,
D
.,
,
Duffy
, and
R
.
,
Igoe
.
J
.
2008
.
Nature Unbound: Conservation, Capitalism and the Future of Protected Areas
.
Earthscan
:
London
.
Brockington
,
D
.
, and
Duffy
.
R
.
2010
. “
Capitalism and Conservation: The Production and Reproduction of Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
469
84
.
Brockington
,
D
.
, and
Igoe
.
J
.
2006
. “
Eviction for Conservation: A Global Overview
.”
Conservation and Society
4
(
3
):
424
70
.
Brondo
,
K. V
.
, and
Brown
.
N
.
2011
. “
Neoliberal Conservation, Garifuna Territorial Rights and Resource Management in the Cayos Cochinos Marine Protected Area
.”
Conservation and Society
9
(
2
):
91
105
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.
2006
. “
Between Politics and Poetics: Narratives of Dispossession in Sarawak, East Malaysia
.” In
Reimagining Political Ecology
, ed.
Biersack
A
. and
Greenberg
,
J. B
.
281
322
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.
, and
Campbell
.
L. M
.
2010
. “
Collaborative Event Ethnography: Conservation and Development Trade-offs at the Fourth World Conservation Congress
.”
Conservation and Society
8
(
4
):
245
55
.
Brosius
,
J. P
.,
,
Tsing
, and
A
.
,
Zerner
.
C
.
2005
.
Communities and Conservation: Histories and Politics of Community-Based Natural Resource Management
.
Lanham, Md
.:
AltaMira
.
Bryceson
,
D
.
2002
. “
Multiplex Livelihoods in Rural Africa: Recasting the Terms and Conditions of Gainful Employment
.”
Journal of Modern African Studies
40
(
1
):
1
28
.
Burkett
,
P
.
2005
.
Marxism and Ecological Economics: Toward a Red and Green Political Economy
.
Leiden, the Netherlands
:
Brill
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2008
. “
Conservation, Neoliberalism and Social Science: A Critical Reflection on the SCB 2007 Annual Meeting, South Africa
.”
Conservation Biology
22
(
2
):
229
31
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2009
. “
Letters of Gold: Enabling Primitive Accumulation through Neoliberal Conservation
.”
Human Geography
2
(
3
):
91
94
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010a
. “
Anti-politics as Political Strategy: Neoliberalism and Transfrontier Conservation and Development in Southern Africa
.”
Development and Change
41
(
1
):
29
51
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010b
. “
Derivative Nature: Interrogating the Value of Conservation in ‘Boundless Southern Africa.’
Third World Quarterly
31
(
2
):
259
76
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2010c
. “
Seeking Telos in the ‘Transfrontier’: Neoliberalism and the Transcending of Community Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Environment and Planning A
42
(
3
):
644
60
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
2011
. “
The Neoliberalisation of Nature in Africa
.” In
New Topographies of Power? Africa Negotiating an Emerging Multi-polar World
, ed.
Dietz
,
T
,
Havnevik
,
K
,
Kaag
,
M
. and
Ostigard
,
T
.
84
109
.
Leiden
:
Brill
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dietz
.
T
.
2005
. “
Conjunctions of Governance: The State and the Conservation-Development Nexus in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies
4
(
2
):
1
15
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2007
. “
Linking Neoprotectionism and Environmental Governance: On the Rapidly Increasing Tensions between Actors in the Environment-Development Nexus
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
4
):
586
611
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2012
. “
Commodity Conservation: The Restructuring of Community Conservation in South Africa and the Philippines
.”
Geoforum
43
(
3
):
367
76
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Mutimukuru
.
T
.
2007
. “
Buzzing Too Far? The Ideological Echo of the Global Governance Agenda on the Local Level: The Case of the Mafungautsi Forest in Zimbabwe
.”
Development Southern Africa
24
(
5
):
649
64
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Schoon
.
M. L
.
2009
. “
Competition over Conservation: Collective Action and Negotiating Transfrontier Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy
12
(
1–2
):
33
59
.
Büscher
,
B
.,
,
Sullivan
,
S
.
,
Neves
,
K
.
,
Igoe
, and
J
.
,
Brockington
.
D
.
2012
. “
Towards a Synthesized Critique of Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Capitalism, Nature Socialism
23
(
2
):
4
30
.
Büscher
,
B. E
.
, and
Wolmer
.
W
.
2007
. “
Introduction: The Politics of Engagement between Biodiversity Conservation and the Social Sciences
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
1
):
1
21
.
Buzzard
,
C. H
.
2001
.
Policy Environment Governing the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and Conservation Area: A Review of Relevant International Agreements, SADC Protocols, and National Policies
.
Nelspruit, South Africa
:
Development Alternatives
.
Cammack
,
P
.
2003
. “
The Governance of Global Capitalism: A New Materialist Perspective
.”
Historical Materialism
11
(
2
):
37
59
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2005a
. “
Disciplining Nature: The Homogenising and Constraining Forces of Anti-markets on the Food System
.”
Environmental Values
14
:
363
87
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2005b
. “
Society, Biology, and Ecology: Bringing Nature Back into Sociology’s Disciplinary Narrative through Critical Realism
.”
Organization and Environment
18
(
4
):
393
421
.
Carolan
,
M. S
.
2006
. “
Scientific Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Why Science Needs Values
.”
Environmental Sciences
3
(
4
):
229
37
.
Carrier
,
J. G
.
, and
Macleod
.
D. V. L
.
2005
. “
Bursting the Bubble: The Socio-cultural Context of Ecotourism
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
11
:
315
34
.
Carrier
,
J
.
, and
West
.
P
.
2009
.
Virtualism, Governance and Practice: Vision and Execution in Enviornmental Conservation
.
New York
:
Berghahn
.
Carruthers
,
J
.
1995
.
The Kruger National Park: A Social and Political History
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of Natal Press
.
Castells
,
M
.
1996
.
The Rise of the Network Society
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell Publishers
.
Castree
,
N
.
, and
Braun
.
B
.
1998
. “
The Construction of Nature and the Nature of Construction: Analytical and Political Tools for Building Survivable Futures
.” In
Remaking Reality: Nature at the Millenium
, ed.
Braun
B
. and
Castree
,
N
.
3
42
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Castree
,
N
.
2008a
. “
Neoliberalising Nature: Processes, Effects, and Evaluations
.”
Environment and Planning A
40
(
1
):
153
73
.
Castree
,
N
.
2008b
. “
Neoliberalising Nature: The Logics of Deregulation and Reregulation
.”
Environment and Planning A
40
(
1
):
131
52
.
Castree
,
N
.
2010
. “
Neoliberalism and the Biophysical Environment: A Synthesis and Evaluation of the Research
.”
Environment and Society: Advances in Research
1
(
1
):
5
45
.
Cernea
,
M
.
, and
Schmidt-Soltau
.
K
.
2006
. “
Poverty Risks and National Parks: Policy Issues in Conservation and Resettlement
.”
World Development
34
(
10
):
1808
30
.
Chabal
,
P
.
, and
Daloz
.
J. P
.
1999
.
Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Chambers
,
R
.
1983
.
Rural Development: Putting the Last First
.
Longman
:
Harlow
.
Chudy
,
J
.
2006
. “
Green Barons
.”
Portfolio
(
August/September
):
45
46
.
Clarke
,
J
.
2004
. “
Dissolving the Public Realm? The Logics and Limits of Neo-liberalism
.”
Journal of Social Policy
33
(
1
):
27
48
.
Cooke
,
B
.
, and
Kothari
.
U
.
2001
. “
The Case for Participation as Tyranny
.” In
Participation: The New Tyranny?
, ed.
Cooke
B
. and
Kothari
,
U
.
1
15
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Coplan
,
D. B
.
2001
. “
A River Runs through It: The Meaning of the Lesotho-Free State Border
.”
African Affairs
100
:
81
116
.
Cornwall
,
A
.
, and
Brock
.
K
.
2005
. “
What Do Buzzwords Do for Development Policy? A Critical Look at ‘Participation,’ ‘Empowerment,’ and ‘Poverty Reduction.’
Third World Quarterly
26
(
7
):
1043
60
.
Corson
,
C
.
2011
. “
Territorialization, Enclosure and Neoliberalism: Non-state Influence in Struggles over Madagascar’s Forests
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
38
(
4
):
703
26
.
Cousins
,
B
.
2007
. “
More Than Socially Embedded: The Distinctive Character of ‘Communal Tenure’ Regimes in South Africa and Its Implications for Land Policy
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
7
(
3
):
281
315
.
Cowling
,
R. M
.,
,
Egoh
,
B
.
,
Knight
,
A. T
.
,
O’Farrel
,
P
.
,
Reyers
,
B
.
,
Rouget
,
M
.
,
Roux
,
D
.
,
Welz
, and
A
.
,
Wilhelm-Rechman
.
A
.
2008
. “
An Operational Model for Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services for Implementation
.”
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
105
(
28
):
9483
88
.
Cowling
,
R. M
.
, and
Pressey
.
R. L
.
2003
. “
Introduction to Systematic Conservation Planning in the Cape Floristic Region
.”
Biological Conservation
112
:
1
13
.
Cox
,
R. W
.
1981
. “
Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory
.”
Millennium: Journal of International Studies
10
(
2
):
126
55
.
Cox
,
R. W
.
1992
. “
Global Perestroika
.” In
New World Order? The Socialist Register
, ed.
Miliband
R
. and
Panitch
,
L
.
26
43
.
London
:
Merlin
.
Critchley
,
W. R. S
.
2000
. “
Inquiry, Initiative and Inventiveness: Farmer Innovators in East Africa
.”
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
25
(
3
):
285
88
.
Death
,
C
.
2010
.
Governing Sustainable Development: Partnerships, Protests and Power at the World Summit
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Death
,
C
.
2011
. “
Leading by Example: South African Foreign Policy and Global Environmental Politics
.”
International Relations
25
(
4
):
455
78
.
Debord
,
G
.
1967
.
Society of the Spectacle
.
London
:
Rebel Press
.
De Jonge Schuermans
,
A. M
.
,
Helbing
, and
J
.
,
Fedosseev
.
R
.
2004
.
Evaluation of Success and Failure in the International Water Management
.
Zurich
:
ETH Zurich
.
Demmers
,
J
.,
,
Fernández Jilberto
,
A. E
.
and
Hogenboom
.
B
.
2004
. “
Good Governance and Democracy in a World of Neoliberal Regimes
.” In
Good Governance in the Era of Global Neoliberalism: Conflict and Depolitisation in Latin America, Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa
, ed.
Demmers
,
J. A
,
Fernández Jilberto
,
E
. and
Hogenboom
,
B
.
1
37
.
London
:
Routledge
.
DeMotts
,
R
.
2009
. “
Of Football and Zebras: Imagining 2010 in the Southern African Wilderness
.” Paper presented at the
Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
,
New York
,
15
18
February
.
Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
.
2005
. “
Positioning the Transfrontier Parks (TEPs) and Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) as Southern Africa’s Premiere International Tourism Destination: A Strategy Paper Phase One—2005–2010
.”
Draft discussion document
,
Pretoria
,
South Africa
.
Diederichs
,
N
.
, and
Mander
.
M
.
2004
. “
Payments for Environmental Services Baseline Study
.”
Final report to the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
,
Everton, Futureworks
!
Dietz
,
T
.
1996
.
Entitlements to Natural Resources: Contours of Political Environmental Geography
.
Utrecht, the Netherlands
:
International Books
.
Dowie
,
M
.
2009
.
Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
.
Drainville
,
A. C
.
1994
. “
International Political Economy in the Age of Open Marxism
.”
Review of International Political Economy
1
(
1
):
105
32
.
Draper
,
M
.,
,
Spierenburg
, and
M
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2004
. “
African Dreams of Cohesion: Elite Pacting and Community Development in Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa
.”
Culture and Organization
10
(
4
):
341
53
.
Dressler
,
W
.
2009
.
Old Thoughts in New Ideas: State Conservation Measures, Development and Livelihood on Palawan Island
.
Manila
:
Ateneo de Manila University Press
.
Dressler
,
W
.
2011
. “
First to Third Nature: The Rise of Capitalist Conservation on Palawan Island, the Philippines
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
38
(
3
):
533
57
.
Dressler
,
W
.
, and
Büscher
.
B. E
.
2008
. “
Market Triumphalism and the So-Called CBNRM ‘Crisis’ at the South African Section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Geoforum
39
(
1
):
452
65
.
Dressler
,
W
.,
,
Büscher
,
B. E
.
,
Schoon
,
M
.
,
Brockington
,
D
.
,
Hayes
,
T
.
,
Kull
,
C
.
,
McCarthy
, and
J
.
,
Streshta
.
K
.
2010
. “
From Hope to Crisis and Back? A Critical History of the Global CBNRM Narrative
.”
Environmental Conservation
37
(
1
):
5
15
Droog
,
I
.
2008
. “
The Show Must Go On: The Violation of Trust and the Continuation of Cooperation in the Amagugu Esizwe Project, South Africa
.”
Master’s thesis, VU University Amsterdam
.
Duffy
,
R
.
1997
. “
The Environmental Challenge to the Nation-State: Superparks and National Parks Policy in Zimbabwe
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
23
(
3
):
441
51
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2002
.
A Trip Too Far: Ecotourism, Politics, and Exploitation
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2006a
. “
Global Environmental Governance and the Politics of Ecotourism in Madagascar
.”
Journal of Ecotourism
5
:
128
44
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2006b
. “
The Potential and Pitfalls of Global Environmental Governance: The Politics of Transfrontier Conservation Areas in Southern Africa
.”
Political Geography
25
:
89
112
.
Duffy
,
R
.
2010
.
Nature Crime: How We’re Getting Conservation Wrong
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Dyer-Witheford
,
N
.
1999
.
Cyber-Marx: Cycles and Circuits of Struggle in High-Technology Capitalism
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
.
Edwards
,
M
.
1999
.
Future Positive: International Cooperation in the 21st Century
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ellis
,
W
.
2011
. “
The ≠Khomani San Land Claim against the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park: Requiring and Acquiring Authenticity
.” In
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
, ed.
Walker
,
C
,
Bohlin
,
A
,
Hall
,
R
. and
Kepe
,
T
.
181
97
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Eriksen
,
T. H
.
2001
.
Tyranny of the Moment: Fast and Slow Time in the Information Age
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Escobar
,
A
.
1995
.
Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Escobar
,
A
.
1999
. “
After Nature: Steps Towards an Antiessentialist Political Ecology
.”
Current Anthropology
40
(
1
):
1
30
.
European Union and Kingdom of Lesotho
.
2002
. “
Joint Annual Report on Cooperation between the European Union and the Kingdom of Lesotho
.”
Delegation of the European Commission in the Kingdom of Lesotho and the National Authorising Officer of the Lesotho Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Maseru, Lesotho. ec.europa.eu/development/icenter/repository/jar07elseen.pdf
.
Fabricius
,
C
.
, and
Koch
.
E
.
2004
.
Rights Resources and Rural Development: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Southern Africa
. Edited with
Magome
H
. and
Turner
.
S
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Fairhead
,
J
.
, and
Leach
.
M
.
1996
.
Misreading the African Landscape: Society and Ecology in a Forest-Savanna Mosaic
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Fay
,
D
.
2013
. “
Neoliberal Conservation and Lawfare: New Legal Entities and the Political Ecology of Litigation at Dwesa-Cwebe, South Africa
.”
Geoforum
44
(
1
):
170
81
.
Fay
,
D
.
, and
James
.
D
.
2009
.
The Rights and Wrongs of Land Restitution: Restoring What Was Ours
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
1994
.
The Anti-politics Machine: “Development,” Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
2006
.
Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Ferguson
,
J
.
2010
. “
The Uses of Neoliberalism
.”
Antipode
41
(
1
):
166
84
.
Fine
,
B
.
, and
Rustomjee
.
Z
.
1996
.
The Political Economy of South Africa: From Minerals-Energy Complex to Industrialisation
.
Boulder, Colo
.:
Westview Press
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2009
. “
Ecotourism Discourse: Challenging the Stakeholders Theory
.”
Journal of Ecotourism
8
(
3
):
269
85
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2010
. “
Neoliberal Environmentality: Towards a Poststructural Political Ecology of the Conservation Debate
.”
Conservation and Society
8
(
3
):
171
81
.
Fletcher
,
R
.
2011
. “
Sustaining Tourism, Sustaining Capitalism? The Tourism Industry’s Role in Global Capitalist Expansion
.”
Tourism Geographies
13
(
3
):
443
61
.
Ford
,
L
.
2003
. “
Challenging Global Environmental Governance: Social Movement Agency and Global Civil Society
.”
Global Environmental Politics
3
(
2
):
120
34
.
Forslund
,
A
.,
.
2009
. “
Securing Water for Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: The Importance of Environmental Flows
.”
Swedish Water House Report
24
,
Stockholm International Water Institute
.
Foster
,
J. B
.
2000
.
Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
Foucault
,
M
.
1995
.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
.
Foucault
,
M
.
2008
.
The Birth of Biopolitics. Lectures at the College de France 1978–1979
.
Translated by Graham Burchell
.
Basingstoke
:
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Galvin
,
M
.
, and
Haller
.
T
.
2008
.
People, Protected Areas and Global Change
.
Bern
:
NCCR North-South, Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research North-South, University of Bern
.
Garland
,
E
.
2008
. “
The Elephant in the Room: Confronting the Colonial Character of Wildlife Conservation in Africa
.”
African Studies Review
51
(
3
):
51
74
.
Gibson
,
C. C
.
1999
.
Politicians and Poachers: The Political Economy of Wildlife Policy in Africa
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Gibson
,
C. C
.
, and
Marks
.
S. A
.
1995
. “
Turning Hunters into Conservationists: An Assessment of Community-Based Wildlife Programs in Africa
.”
World Development
23
(
6
):
941
57
.
Gill
,
S
.
1993
. “
A Short History of Lesotho
.” In
Lesotho, Kingdom in the Sky
, ed.
Giessen
,
J. A. M
.
9
167
.
Bergen Dal, the Netherlands
:
Afrika Museum
.
Gill
,
S
.
1995
. “
Globalisation, Market Civilisation, and Disciplinary Neoliberalism
.”
Millennium: Journal of International Studies
24
(
3
):
399
423
.
Goldman
,
M
.
2005
.
Imperial Nature: The World Bank and Struggles for Social Justice in the Age of Globalization
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Gray
,
J
.
2000
.
Two Faces of Liberalism
.
Cambridge, U.K
.:
Polity Press
.
Griffin
,
J
.,
,
Cumming
,
D
.
,
Metcalfe
,
S
.
,
t’Sas-Rolfes
,
M
,
Singh
,
J
.
,
Chonguiça
,
E
.
,
Rowen
, and
M
.
,
Oglethorpe
.
J
.
1999
.
Study on the Development of Transboundary Natural Resource Management Areas in Southern Africa
.
Washington, D.C
.:
Biodiversity Support Program
.
Grove
,
R
.
1989
. “
Scottish Missionaries, Evangelical Discourses and the Origins of Conservation Thinking in Southern Africa 1820–1900
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
15
(
2
):
163
87
.
Hanks
,
J
.
2000
.
The Origin and Objectives of the Peace Parks Foundation
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Hanks
,
J
.
2003
. “
Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
17
(1–2
):
127
48
.
Haraway
,
D. J
.
1997
.
Modest_Witness@second_Millennium.FemaleMan©_Meets_OncoMouse™: Feminism and Technoscience
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Harrison
,
G
.
2005a
. “
Economic Faith, Social Project and a Misreading of African Society: The Travails of Neoliberalism in Africa
.”
Third World Quarterly
26
(
8
):
1303
20
.
Harrison
,
G
.
2005b
. “
The World Bank, Governance and Theories of Political Action in Africa
.”
British Journal of Politics and International Relations
7
:
240
60
.
Hart
,
G
.
2002
.
Disabling Globalization: Places of Power in Post-Apartheid South Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Hart
,
G
.
2008
. “
The Provocations of Neoliberalism: Contesting the Nation and Liberation after Apartheid
.”
Antipode
40
(
4
):
678
705
.
Hartwick
,
E
.
, and
Peet
.
R
.
2003
. “
Neoliberalism and Nature: The Case of the WTO
.”
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
590
(
1
):
188
211
.
Harvey
,
D
.
1996
.
Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference
.
Malden
:
Blackwell
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2006
.
Spaces of Global Capitalism: A Theory of Uneven Geographical Development
.
London
:
Verso
.
Harvey
,
D
.
2010
.
The Enigma of Capital and the Crises of Capitalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Heynen
,
N
.,
,
Prudham
,
S
.
,
McCarthy
, and
J
.
,
Robbins
.
P
.
2007
.
Neoliberal Environments: False Promises and Unnatural Consequences
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Holmes
,
G
.
2012
. “
Biodiversity for Billionaires: Capitalism, Conservation and the Role of Philanthropy in Saving/Selling Nature
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
185
203
.
Holt
,
F. L
.
2005
. “
The Catch-22 of Conservation: Indigenous Peoples, Biologists, and Cultural Change
.”
Human Ecology
33
(
2
):
199
215
.
Horta
,
K
.
1995
. “
The Mountain Kingdom’s White Oil: The Lesotho Highlands Water Project
.”
Ecologist
25
:
227
31
.
Horta
,
K
.,
,
Round
, and
R
.
,
Young
.
Z
.
2002
.
The Global Environment Facility: The First Ten Years—Growing Pains or Inherent Flaws
.
Halifax, Canada
:
Halifax Initiative and Environmental Defense
.
Huggins
,
G
.,
,
Barendse
,
E
.
,
Fischer
, and
A
.
,
Sitoi
.
J
.
2003
. “
Limpopo National Park: Resettlement Policy Framework
.”
Washington, D.C.; Maputo
:
World Bank; Limpopo National Park
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2001
. “
‘Rezoned for Business’: How Ecotourism Unlocked Black Farmland in Eastern Zimbabwe
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
1
(
4
):
575
99
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2005
. “
Third Nature: Making Space and Time in the Great Limpopo Conservation Area
.”
Cultural Anthropology
20
(
2
):
157
84
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2006
.
From Enslavement to Environmentalism: Politics on a Southern African Frontier
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
.
Hughes
,
D. M
.
2010
.
Whiteness in Zimbabwe: Race, Landscape, and the Problem of Belonging
.
New York
:
Palgrave MacMillan
.
Hulme
,
D
.
, and
Murphree
.
M
.
2001
.
African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation
.
Oxford
:
James Currey
.
Hutton
,
J
.
,
M. Adams
,
W
., and
Murombedzi
.
J. C
.
2005
. “
Back to the Barriers? Changing Narratives in Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Forum for Development Studies
2
:
341
70
.
Igoe
,
J
.
2004
.
Conservation and Globalization: A Study of National Parks and Indigenous Communities from East Africa to South Dakota
.
Belmont, Calif
.:
Wadsworth
.
Igoe
,
J
.
2010
. “
The Spectacle of Nature in the Global Economy of Appearances: Anthropological Engagements with the Images of Transnational Conservation
.”
Critique of Anthropology
30
(
4
):
375
97
.
Igoe
,
J
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2007
. “
Neoliberal Conservation: A Brief Introduction
.”
Conservation and Society
5
(
4
):
432
49
.
Igoe
,
J
.
, and
Fortwangler
.
C
.
2007
. “
Introduction: Whither Communities and Conservation?
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management
3
:
65
76
.
Igoe
,
J
.,
,
Neves
, and
K
.
,
Brockington
.
D
.
2010
. “
A Spectacular Eco-tour around the Historic Bloc: Theorising the Convergence of Biodiversity Conservation and Capitalist Expansion
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
486
512
.
International Union for Conservation of Nature
.
1994
.
Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, with the World Conservation Monitoring Centre
.
Jeffery
,
A. J
.
1997
.
The Natal Story: Sixteen Years of Conflict
.
Johannesburg
: South African Institute of Race Relations.
Jones
,
J. L
.
2005
. “
Transboundary Conservation: Development Implications for Communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
.”
The International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology
12
(
3
):
266
78
.
Kepe
,
T
.
2009
. “
Shaped by Race: Why ‘Race’ Still Matters in the Challenges Facing Biodiversity Conservation in Africa
.”
Local Environment
14
:
871
78
.
Khanya
.
2005
. “
Community-Based Management of Eco-tourism in Lesotho
.”
Partial draft report
.
Bloemfontein
:
Khanya—Managing Rural Change cc
.
King
,
B
.
2009
. “
Commercializing Conservation in South Africa
.”
Environment and Planning A
41
(
2
):
407
24
.
Konrád
,
G
.
1984
.
Anti-politics
.
London
:
Quartet
.
Kovel
,
J
.
2002
.
The Enemy of Nature, the End of Capitalism or the End of the World?
London
:
Zed Books
.
Kusters
,
K
.,
,
Achdiawan
,
R
.
,
Belcher
, and
B
.
,
Ruiz Perez
.
M
.
2006
. “
Balancing Development and Conservation? An Assessment of Livelihood and Environmental Outcomes of Nontimber Forest Product Trade in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
.”
Ecology and Society
11
(
2
):
20
.
Lamar
,
H
.
, and
Thompson
L
.
1981
.
The Frontier in History: North America and Southern Africa Compared
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Latour
,
B
.
2005
.
Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Lefebvre
,
H
.
1991
.
The Production of Space
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Lewis
,
D
.,
,
Bebbington
,
A. J
.
,
Batterbury
,
S. P. J
.
,
Shah
,
A
.
,
Olson
,
E
.
,
Shameem Siddiqi
,
M
.
and
Duvall
.
S
.
2003
. “
Practice, Power and Meaning: Frameworks for Studying Organizational Culture in Multi-agency Rural Development Projects
.”
Journal of International Development
15
:
541
57
.
Lewis
,
D
.
, and
Mosse
.
D
.
2006
.
Development Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid Agencies
.
Bloomfield, Conn
.:
Kumarian Press
.
Li
,
T. M
.
2007
.
The Will to Improve: Governmentality, Development, and the Practice of Politics
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Lugard
,
F
.
1965
.
The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Lund
,
C
.
2006
. “
Twilight Institutions: Public Authority and Local Politics in Africa
.”
Development and Change
37
(
4
):
685
705
.
MacDonald
,
K
.
2010
. “
The Devil Is in the (Bio)diversity: Private Sector ‘Engagement’ and the Restructuring of Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
513
50
.
Magome
,
H
.
, and
Murombedzi
.
J. C
.
2003
. “
Sharing South African National Parks: Community Land and Conservation in a Democratic South Africa
.” In
Decolonising Nature: Strategies for Conservation in a Post-colonial Era
, ed.
Adams
W. M
. and
Mulligan
,
M
.
108
43
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Mamdani
,
M
.
1996
.
Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Mander
,
M
.,
.
2007
. “
Payment for Ecosystem Services: Developing an Ecosystem Services Trading Model for the Mnweni/Cathedral Peak and Eastern Cape Drakensberg Areas
.”
Institute of Natural Resources Report IR281, Institute of Natural Resources, Development Bank of Southern Africa, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
.
Mander
,
M
.
, and
Everard
.
M
.
2008
. “
The Socio-economics of River Management
.”
Environmental Scientist
17
(
3
):
31
34
.
Mansfield
,
B
.
2004
. “
Neoliberalism in the Oceans: ‘Rationalization,’ Property Rights and the Commons Question
.”
Geoforum
35
:
313
26
.
Marden
,
P
.
2003
.
The Decline of Politics: Governance, Globalisation and the Public Sphere
.
Aldershot, U.K
.:
Ashgate
.
Marx
,
K
.
1976
.
Capital: Volume I
.
London
:
Penguin Books
.
Matela
,
L. S
.
, and
Fraser
.
D
.
2004
.
MDTP Bi-lateral Strategic Planning Workshop
.
Proceedings recorded at Didima Hutted Camp, Lesotho
,
25
28
July
, by the
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Matlosa
,
K
.
1999
. “
Aid, Development and Democracy in Lesotho, 1966–1996
.”
Paper presented at the
Aid, Development and Democracy in Southern Africa
workshop organized by the Centre for Southern African Studies, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town
,
South Africa
,
21
22
November
.
Mavhunga
,
C
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2007
. “
On the Local Community: The Language of Disengagement?
Conservation and Society
5
(
1
):
44
59
.
Mbembe
,
A
.
2000
. “
At the Edge of the World: Boundaries, Territoriality, and Sovereignty in Africa
.”
Public Culture
12
(
1
):
259
84
.
Mbembe
,
A
.
2001
.
On the Postcolony
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
McAfee
,
K
.
1999
. “
Selling Nature to Save It? Biodiversity and Green Developmentalism
.”
Society and Space
17
(
2
):
203
19
.
McCarthy
,
J
.
2005
. “
Devolution in the Woods: Community Forestry as Hybrid Neoliberalism
.”
Environment and Planning A
37
:
995
1014
.
McCarthy
,
J
.
, and
Prudham
.
S
.
2004
. “
Neoliberal Nature and the Nature of Neoliberalism
.”
Geoforum
35
:
275
83
.
McDonald
,
D. A
.
, and
Ruiters
.
G
.
2005
. “
Theorizing Water Privatization in Southern Africa
.” In
The Age of Commodity: Water Privatization in Southern Africa
, ed.
McDonald
D. A
. and
Ruiters
,
G
.
13
42
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2004
. “
Position Article: Employment Equity within the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project Coordinating Unit—South Africa
.”
Howick, South Africa
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005a
. “
Environmental Resources Management Areas (ERMAS): Concept Development and Implementation Strategy
.”
Unpublished concept note
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005b
. “
Mid Term Review of the Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project June–July 2005
.”
Howick, South Africa
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2005c
. “
System of Integrated Community and District Planning for Lesotho
.”
Unpublished document, Maseru, Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007a
. “
Amagugu Esizwe MDTP Project, Supporting Community-Led Initiatives in Natural and Cultural Resource Management in the Upper uThukela Region
.”
Unpublished final project report by Farmer Support Group, Bergwatch, and Grassland Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal
,
Howick, South Africa
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007b
.
The Maloti Drakensberg Experience: Exploring the Maloti Drakensberg Route
.
Howick, South Africa
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007c
. “
Moteng Vegetation Report and Grazing Management Plan
.”
Unpublished report, Botha-Bothe
,
Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007d
. “
20-year (2008–2028) Conservation and Development Strategy for the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area: Natural and Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Maloti Drakensberg Mountains
.”
Draft version 6
,
10
May
,
Howick, South Africa, and Maseru, Lesotho
.
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
2007e
. “
20-year (2008–2028) Conservation and Development Strategy for the Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area: Natural and Cultural Heritage and Sustainable Livelihoods in the Maloti Drakensberg Mountains
.”
Final draft
.
Howick, South Africa, and Maseru, Lesotho
,
30
July
.
Migdal
,
J
.
1988
.
Strong Societies and Weak States. State-Society Relations and Stace Capabilities in the Third World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Milgroom
,
J
.
, and
Spierenburg
.
M
.
2008
. “
Induced Volition: Resettlement from the Limpopo National Park, Mozambique
.”
Journal of Contemporary African Studies
26
(
4
):
435
48
.
Milne
,
S
.
, and
Adams
.
W. A
.
2012
. “
Market Masquerades: The Politics of CommunityLevel Payments for Environmental Services in Cambodia
.”
Development and Change
43
(
1
):
133
58
.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
.,
,
Kormos
,
C. F
.
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
.
,
Robles Gil
,
P
.
,
Sandwith
, and
T
.
,
Besançon
.
C
.
2005
.
Transboundary Conservation: A New Vision for Protected Areas
.
Mexico City
:
CEMEX, Agrupación Sierra Madre, and Conservation International
.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
.,
,
Kormos
,
C. F
.
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
.
,
Sandwith
,
T
.
,
Besançon
,
C
.
,
Zbicz
,
D. C
.
,
Robles Gil
,
P
.
,
Hanks
,
J
.
,
Braack
,
L
.
,
Hoffmann
,
M
.
.
2005
. “
An Introduction to Transboundary Conservation
.” In
Transboundary Conservation: A New Vision for Protected Areas
, ed.
Mittermeier
,
R. A
,
Kormos
,
C. F
,
Mittermeier
,
C. G
,
Robles Gil
,
P
,
Sandwith
T
. and
Besançon
,
C
.
27
66
.
Mexico City
:
CEMEX, Agrupación Sierra Madre, Conservation International
.
Moodley
,
K
.
, and
Adam
.
H
.
2000
. “
Race and Nation in Post-apartheid South Africa
.”
Current Sociology
48
(
3
):
51
69
.
Moore
,
D
.
1999
. “
‘Sail on, O Ship of State’: Neo-liberalism, Globalisation and the Governance of Africa
.”
Journal of Peasant Studies
27
(
1
):
61
96
.
Moore
,
D. S
.
2005
.
Suffering for Territory: Race, Place, and Power in Zimbabwe
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Moore
,
D. S
.
2008
. “
Sovereignty, Spatiality and Spectres of Race
.”
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography
29
:
254
61
.
Moore
,
J. W
.
2010
. “
The End of the Road? Agricultural Revolutions in the Capitalist World-Ecology, 1450–2010
.”
Journal of Agrarian Change
10
(
3
):
389
413
.
Moosa
,
M. V
.
2002
. “
Truly the Greatest Animal Kingdom
.”
Bojanala
1
(
1
):
11
12
.
Mosimane
,
A. W
.
, and
Aribeb
.
K. M
.
2005
. “
Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who Defines?
Commons Southern Africa Occasional Paper Series
, no.
14
,
Centre for Applied Social Sciences and Programme for Land and Agrarian Studies, Harare, Zimbabwe, and Cape Town
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2004
. “
Is Good Policy Unimplementable? Reflections on the Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice
.”
Development and Change
35
(
4
):
639
71
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2005
.
Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Mosse
,
D
.
2006
. “
Anti-social Anthropology? Objectivity, Objection and the Ethnography of Public Policy and Professional Communities
.”
Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute
12
:
935
56
.
Mosse
,
D
.
, and
Lewis
D
.
2006
. “
Theoretical Approaches to Brokerage and Translation in Development
.” In
Development Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid and Agencies
, ed.
Lewis
D
. and
Mosse
,
D
.
1
26
.
Bloomfield, Conn
.:
Kumarian Press
.
Mudimbe
,
V. Y
.
1988
.
The Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of Knowledge
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Mulgan
,
G. J
.
1994
.
Politics in an Antipolitical Age
.
Cambridge, U.K
.:
Polity Press
.
Munthali
,
S. M
.
, and
Soto
.
B
.
2001
.
Overt and Latent Conflicts Associated with the Establishment, Development and Management of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.
Maputo, Mozambique
:
Transfrontier Conservation Areas Secretariat
.
Muradian
,
R
.,
,
Corbera
,
E
.
,
Pascual
,
U
.
,
Kosoy
, and
N
.
,
May
P. H
.
2010
. “
Reconciling Theory and Practice: An Alternative Conceptual Framework for Understanding Payments for Environmental Services
.”
Ecological Economics
69
(
6
):
1202
8
.
Mwangi
,
O
.
2007
. “
Hydropolitics, Ecocide and Human Security in Lesotho: A Case Study of the Highlands Water Project
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
33
(
1
):
3
17
.
Myburgh
,
W
.
2005
. “
Fostering Tourism in Southern Africa through Transfrontier Conservation
.”
Presentation at the Third International Institute for Peace through Tourism African Conference
,
Lusaka, Zambia
,
6
11
February
.
Nealon
,
J. T
.
2008
.
Foucault beyond Foucault: Power and Its Intensification since 1984
.
Stanford
:
Stanford University Press
.
Nederveen Pieterse
,
J
.
2004
. “
Neoliberal Empire
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
21
(
3
):
119
40
.
Nelson
,
R. H
.
2003
. “
Environmental Colonialism: ‘Saving Africa from Africans.’
The Independent Review
8
(
1
):
65
86
.
Neocosmos
,
M
.
2003
. “
Neo-liberalism versus State Nationalism: Beyond State Thinking in Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Contemporary African Studies
21
(
2
):
341
57
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
1998
.
Imposing Wilderness: Struggles over Livelihoods and Nature Preservation in Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
2004
. “
Moral and Discursive Geographies in the War for Biodiversity in Africa
.”
Political Geography
23
:
813
37
.
Neumann
,
R. P
.
2005
.
Making Political Ecology
.
London
:
Hodder Arnold
.
Neves
,
K
.
2010
. “
Cashing in on Cetourism: A Critical Ecological Engagement with Dominant E-NGO Discourses on Whaling, Cetacean Conservation, and Whale Watching
.”
Antipode
42
:
719
41
.
Nüsser
,
M
.
, and
Grab
.
S
.
2002
. “
Land Degradation and Soil Erosion in the Eastern Highlands of Lesotho, Southern Africa
.”
Die Erde: Beitrag zur Physischen Geographie
133
:
291
311
.
Nustad
,
K. G
.
2001
. “
Development: The Devil We Know?
Third World Quarterly
22
(
4
):
479
98
.
Oates
,
J. F
.
1999
.
Myth and Reality in the Rain Forest: How Conservation Strategies Are Failing in West Africa
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Olivier de Sardan
,
J. P
.
2005
.
Anthropology and Development: Understanding Contemporary Social Change
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Ong
,
A
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
Overbeek
,
H
.
1999
. “
Globalisation and Britain’s Decline
.” In
Rethinking Decline: Britain Towards 2000
, ed.
English
R
. and
Kenny
,
M
.
231
56
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Overbeek
,
H
.
2005
. “
Global Governance, Class, Hegemony: A Historical Materialist Perspective
.” In
Contending Perspectives on Global Governance: Coherence, Contestation and World Order
, ed.
Ba
A. D
. and
Hoffman
,
M. J
.
39
56
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Paulson
,
S
.,
,
Gezon
, and
L. L
.
,
Watts
.
M
.
2003
. “
Locating the Political in Political Ecology: An Introduction
.”
Human Organization
62
(
3
):
205
17
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2000
.
Annual Review 1999
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2002
.
Annual Review 2001
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2002
.
Funding Application in Support of a TFCA Technical Advisor: Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Botswana
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2007
.
Review 1997–2006
.
Stellenbosch
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peace Parks Foundation
.
2008
.
Annual Report 2007
.
Stellenbosch, South Africa
:
Peace Parks Foundation
.
Peck
,
J
.
2010
.
Constructions of Neoliberal Reason
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Peck
,
J
.
, and
Tickell
.
A
.
2002
. “
Neoliberalizing Space
.”
Antipode
34
(
3
):
380
404
.
Peluso
,
N. L
.
1992
.
Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Peluso
,
N. L
.
1993
. “
Coercing Conservation? The Politics of State Resource Control
.”
Global Environmental Change
3
(
2
):
199
218
.
Peterson
,
M. N
.,
,
Peterson
, and
M. J
.
,
Peterson
.
T. R
.
2005
. “
Conservation and the Myth of Consensus
.”
Conservation Biology
19
(
3
):
762
67
.
Polanyi
,
K
.
2001 [1944]
.
The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Pomela
,
E. M
.
1998
. “
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Unpublished paper, Ministry of Environment, Gender and Youth Affairs
,
Maseru, Lesotho
.
Porter
,
T
.
1999
. “
The Late-Modern Knowledge Structure and World Politics
.” In
Approaches to Global Governance Theory
, ed.
Hewson
M
. and
Sinclair
,
T. J
.
137
56
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
.
Pottier
,
J
.
1993
. “
The Role of Ethnography in Project Appraisal
.” In
Practicing Development: Social Science Perspectives
, ed.
Pottier
,
J
.
13
33
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Prudham
,
W. S
.
2005
.
Knock on Wood: Nature as Commodity in Douglas-Fir Country
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.
1988
. “
The Hidden Crisis in Development: Development Bureaucracies in between Intentions and Outcomes
.” In
The Hidden Crisis in Development: Development Bureaucracies
, ed.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
,
Kruijt
,
D
. and
Downing
,
T
.
9
38
.
Amsterdam
:
VU University Press
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.
, and
Giri
,
A. K
. eds.
2003
.
A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Quarles van Ufford
,
P
.,
,
Giri
, and
A. K
.
,
Mosse
.
D
.
2003
. “
Interventions in Development: Towards a New Moral Understanding of Our Experiences and an Agenda for the Future
.” In
A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities
, ed.
Quarles van Ufford
P
. and
Giri
,
A. K
.
3
43
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Quinlan
,
T
.
1995
. “
Grassland Degradation and Livestock Rearing in Lesotho
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
21
(
3
):
491
507
.
Quinlan
,
T
.
, and
Morris
.
C. D
.
1994
. “
Implications of Changes to the Transhumance System for Conservation of the Mountain Catchments in Eastern Lesotho
.”
African Journal of Range and Forage Science
11
(
3
):
76
81
.
Ramutsindela
,
M
.
2007
.
Transfrontier Conservation in Africa: At the Confluence of Capital, Politics and Nature
.
Wallingford, U.K
.:
CABI
.
Ramutsindela
,
M
.,
,
Spierenburg
, and
M
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2011
.
Environmental Philanthropy
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Redford
,
K
.
, and
Adams
.
W. M
.
2009
. “
Payment for Ecosystem Services and the Challenge of Saving Nature
.”
Conservation Biology
23
(
4
):
785
87
.
Refugee Research Programme
.
2002
. “
A Park for the People? Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park—Community Consultation in Coutada 16, Mozambique
.”
Johannesburg
:
University of the Witswatersrand
.
Richardson
,
J. L
.
2001
.
Contending Liberalisms in World Politics: Ideology and Power
.
Boulder, Colo
.:
Lynne Rienner Publishers
.
Robins
,
S
.
, and
van der Waal
.
K
.
2011
. “
‘Model Tribes’ and Iconic Conservationists? Tracking the Makuleke Restitution Case in Kruger National Park
.” In
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
, ed.
Walker
,
C
,
Bohlin
,
A
,
Hall
,
R
. and
Kepe
,
T
.
163
80
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Rogerson
,
C. M
.
2004
. “
Transforming the South African Tourism Industry: The Emerging Black-Owned Bed and Breakfast Economy
.”
Geojournal
60
:
273
81
.
Rohde
,
R. F
.,
,
Moleele
,
N. M
.
,
Mphale
,
M
.
,
Allsopp
,
N
.
,
Chanda
,
R
.
,
Hoffman
,
M. T
.
,
Magole
, and
L
.
,
Young
.
E
.
2006
. “
Dynamics of Grazing Policy and Practice: Environmental and Social Impacts in Three Communal Areas of Southern Africa
.”
Environmental Science and Policy
9
:
302
16
.
Rose
,
N
.
1996
. “
Governing ‘Advanced’ Liberal Democracies
.” In
Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-liberalism and Rationalities of Government
, ed.
Barry
,
A
,
Osborne
,
T
. and
Rose
,
N
.
37
64
.
London
:
University College London Press
.
Rosenau
,
J. N
.
1997
.
Along the Domestic-Foreign Frontier: Exploring Governance in a Turbulent World
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Rosenau
,
J. N
.
, and
Czempiel
.
E-O
.
1992
.
Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Ross
,
R
.
1981
. “
Capitalism, Expansion, and the Incorporation on the Southern African Frontier
.” In
The Frontier in History: North America and Southern Africa Compared
, ed.
Lamar
H
. and
Thomson
,
L
.
209
33
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Ros-Tonen
,
M. A. F
.
, and
Dietz
.
T
.
2005
.
African Forests between Nature and Livelihood Resource: Interdisciplinary Studies in Conservation and Forest Management
.
New York
:
Edwin Mellen Press
.
Roth
,
R
.
, and
Dressler
.
W
.
2012
. “
Market-Oriented Conservation Governance: The Particularities of Place
.”
Geoforum
43
(
3
):
363
66
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
1997a
. “
Drakensberg-Maloti Transfrontier Conservation and Development Area
.”
Planning Division Document 1997/1. Notes recorded at a project-development workshop convened by Natal Parks Board, South Africa, and the National Environment Secretariat of Lesotho at Giant’s Castle in the Natal Drakensberg Park
,
12
13
September
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
1997b
.
“The Drakensberg-Maloti Transfrontier Conservation Area: Experience and Lessons Learned.”
In
IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas
,
Parks for Peace: Conference Proceedings, International Conference on Transboundary Protected Areas as a Vehicle for International Co-operation, 16–18 September 1997, Somerset West, near Cape Town, South Africa
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Sandwith
,
T
.
2003
. “
Overcoming Barriers: Conservation and Development in the Maloti-Drakensberg Mountains of Southern Africa
.”
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
17
(
1–2
):
149
69
.
Sandwith
,
T
.,
,
Shine
,
C
.
,
Hamilton
, and
L
.
,
Sheppard
.
D
.
2001
.
Transboundary Protected Areas for Peace and Co-operation
.
Gland, Switzerland
:
IUCN
.
Schedler
,
A
.
1997
. “
Introduction
.” In
The End of Politics? Explorations into Modern Anti-politics
, ed.
Schedler
,
A
.
1
20
.
New York
:
Macmillan
.
Schmidt-Soltau
,
K
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2007
. “
Protected Areas and Resettlement: What Scope for Voluntary Relocation?
World Development
35
(
12
):
2182
202
.
Schmitz
,
T. T
.
1992
. “
The Lesotho Highlands Water Project: A Systematic Narrowing of Benefits
.”
Occasional paper 31, Third World Centre, Catholic University of Nijmegen
, the
Netherlands
.
Schoon
,
M. L
.
2009
. “
Building Robustness to Disturbance: Governance in Southern African Peace Parks
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Indiana University
.
Schroeder
,
R. A
.
1999
. “
Geographies of Environmental Intervention in Africa
.”
Progress in Human Geography
23
(
3
):
359
78
.
Scott
,
J
.
1985
.
Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Scott
,
J
.
1998
.
Seeing Like a State. How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Sechaba Consultants
.
2000
.
Poverty and Livelihoods in Lesotho, 2000: More Than a Mapping Exercise
.
Maseru, Lesotho
:
Sechaba Consultants
.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
.
2010
.
Global Biodiversity Outlook 3
.
Montreal
:
Secretariat of Convention on Biological Diversity
.
Shackleton
S
.
, and
Shackleton
.
C
.
2004
. “
Everyday Resources Are Valuable Enough for Community-Based Natural Resources Management Programme Support: Evidence from South Africa
.” In
Rights, Resources and Rural Development
, ed.
Fabricius
,
C
,
Kock
,
E
,
Magone
,
H
. and
Turner
,
S
.
134
46
.
London
:
Earthscan
.
Showers
,
K. B
.
1989
. “
Soil Erosion in the Kingdom of Lesotho: Origins and Colonial Response, 1830s–1950s
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
15
(
2
):
263
86
.
Singh
,
J
.
, and
van Houtum
.
H
.
2002
. “
Post-colonial Nature Conservation in Southern Africa: Same Emperors, New Clothes?
Geojournal
58
:
253
63
.
Sisitka
,
L
.
2007
. “
Amagugu Esizwe: End of Term Evaluation; Final Report
.”
Unpublished report, FSG, Pietermaritzburg
,
South Africa
.
Slater
,
C
.
2002
.
Entangled Edens: Visions of the Amazon
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Solomon
,
H
.
, and
Turton
.
A
.
2000
.
Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality
.
Durban, South Africa
:
ACCORD
.
Songorwa
,
A. N
.
1999
. “
Community-Based Wildlife Management (CWM) in Tanzania: Are the Communities Interested?
World Development
27
(
12
):
2061
79
.
South Africa National Biodiversity Institute
.
2005
.
Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Municipalities
.
Unpublished proceedings of a workshop
,
4
5
October
,
Biodiversity Centre, SANBI National Botanical Garden
,
Pretoria
.
Spenceley
,
A
.
2005
.
Tourism Investment in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area. Scoping Report
.
Johannesburg
:
Transboundary Protected Areas Research Initiative
.
Spierenburg
,
M
.,
,
Steenkamp
, and
C
.
,
Wels
.
H
.
2006
. “
Resistance of Local Communities against Marginalization in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Focaal
47
:
18
31
.
Spierenburg
,
M
.
, and
Wels
.
H
.
2010
. “
Conservative Philanthropists, Royalty and Business Elites in Nature Conservation in Southern Africa
.”
Antipode
42
(
3
):
647
70
.
Strange
,
S
.
1970
. “
International Economics and International Relations: A Case of Mutual Neglect
.”
International Affairs
46
(
2
):
304
15
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2006
. “
The Elephant in the Room? Problematising ‘New’ (Neoliberal) Biodiversity Conservation
.”
Forum for Development Studies
12
(
1
):
105
35
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2009
. “
Green Capitalism, and the Cultural Poverty of Constructing Nature as Service Provider
.”
Radical Anthropology
3
:
18
27
.
Sullivan
,
S
.
2010
. “
The Environmentality of ‘Earth Incorporated’: On Contemporary Primitive Accumulation and the Financialisation of Environmental Conservation
.”
Paper presented at the “An Environmental History of Neoliberalism” conference
,
Lund University, Lund, Sweden
,
6
8
May
.
Tanner
,
R. J
.
2003
. “
Transfrontier Conservation Areas of Southern Africa and Community Involvement in the Context of International Law
.”
Master’s thesis, University of Montana
.
Taylor
,
I
.
2003
. “
Globalization and Regionalization in Africa: Reactions to Attempts at Neo-liberal Regionalism
.”
Review of International Political Economy
10
(
2
):
310
30
.
Terborgh
,
J
.
1999
.
Requiem for Nature
.
Washington, D.C
.:
Island Press
.
Thabane
,
M
.
2000
. “
Shifts from Old to New Social and Ecological Environments in the Lesotho Highlands Water Scheme: Relocating Residents of the Mohale Dam Area
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
26
(
4
):
633
54
.
Thabane
,
M
.
2002
. “
Aspects of Colonial Economy and Society, 1868–1966
.” In
Essays on Aspects of the Political Economy of Lesotho 1500–2000
, ed.
Pule
N. W
. and
Thabane
,
M
.
103
30
.
Roma
:
National University of Lesotho
.
Thompson
,
L
.
2001
.
A History of South Africa
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
.
Thondhlana
,
G
.,
,
Shackleton
, and
S
.
,
Muchapondwa
.
E
.
2011
. “
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and Its Land Claimants: A Pre- and Post-land Claim Conservation and Development History
.”
Environmental Research Letters
6
(
2
):
1
12
.
Thrift
,
N
.
2005
.
Knowing Capitalism
.
London
:
Sage Publications
.
Timberlake
,
J
.
, and
Mateka
.
B
.
2004
. “
Conserving Mountain Biodiversity in Southern Lesotho
.”
Final Report, Project Number LES/97/G31/B/1G/
99
,
United Nations Development Programme
,
Maseru, Lesotho
.
Tordoff
,
W
.
2002
.
Government and Politics in Africa. Fourth Edition
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Tsing
,
A
.
2005
.
Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2001
.
Livelihoods in Lesotho
.
Maseru
:
CARE Lesotho
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2003
. “
Rangelands in Lesotho: Can Common Property Resources Succeed in the 21st Century?
Paper presented at the International Rangelands Conference
,
Durban, South Africa
,
26 July–1 August
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2005
.
Natural Resource Management and Local Government in the Maloti
.
Maseru, Lesotho
:
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
.
Turner
,
S. D
.
2006
. “
The State, Legal Reform and Decentralisation: Consequences for the Commons in Lesotho
.”
Paper presented at “Survival of the Commons: Mounting Challenges and New Realities,” 11th biannual conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property, Bali, Indonesia
,
19
23
June
.
Turpie
,
J. K
.,
,
Marais
, and
C
.
,
Blignaut
.
J
.
2008
. “
The Working for Water Programme: Evolution of a Payments for Ecosystem Services Mechanism Addresses Both Poverty and Ecosystem Service Delivery in South Africa
.”
Ecological Economics
65
:
788
98
.
Turton
,
A. R
.
2000
. “
Precipitation, People, Pipelines and Power in Southern Africa
.” In
Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power
,
Stott
P
. and
Sullivan
,
S
.
132
56
.
London
:
Arnold
.
Underhill
,
G. R. D
.
2003
. “
States, Markets and Governance for Emerging Market Economies: Private Interests, the Public Good and the Legitimacy of the Development Process
.”
International Affairs
79
(
4
):
755
81
.
United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, and World Bank
.
1994
.
Global Environment Facility: Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase
.
Washington, D.C
.:
World Bank
.
Van Amerom
M
.
2005
. “
On the Road to Peace? Cooperation and Conflict in Southern Africa’s Peace Parks
.”
Ph.D. thesis
,
University of Durham, United Kingdom
.
Van Amerom
M
., and
Büscher
.
B. E
.
2005
. “
Peace Parks in Southern Africa: Bringers of an African Renaissance?
Journal of Modern African Studies
43
(
2
):
159
82
.
Van der Pijl
,
K
.
1998
.
Transnational Classes and International Relations
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Van der Westhuizen
,
J
.
2005
. “
Plugging into Circuits of Consumption: Marketing the South African State through Sports Events and Celebrity Celebrations
.”
Paper presented at the Globalization Studies Network, Second International Conference
,
Dakar, Senegal
,
29
31
August
.
Venema
,
B
, and
van den Breemer
.
H
.
1999
.
Towards Negotiated Co-management of Natural Resources in Africa
.
Munich
:
Lit Verlag
.
Walker
,
C
.,
,
Bohlin
,
A
.
,
Hall
, and
R
.
,
Kepe
.
T
.
2011
.
Land Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives on Land Claims in South Africa
.
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
:
University of KwaZulu-Natal Press
.
Weaver
,
J. C
.
2003
.
The Great Land Rush and the Making of the Modern World, 1650–1900
.
Montreal
:
McGill-Queen’s University Press
.
Weaver
,
T
.
2001
.
Theatres of the Wild: The Parks of Peace
.
Stuttgart, Germany
:
DaimlerChrysler AG
.
Wellings
,
P. A
.
, and
Crush
.
J. S
.
1983
. “
Tourism and Dependency in Southern Africa: The Prospects and Planning of Tourism in Lesotho
.”
Applied Geography
3
:
205
23
.
Wells
,
M. P
.
1996
. “
The Social Role of Protected Areas in the New South Africa
.”
Environmental Conservation
23
(
4
):
322
31
.
Wendt
,
A
.
1987
. “
The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Theory
.”
International Organization
41
(
3
):
335
70
.
West
,
P
.
2006
.
Conservation Is Our Government Now: The Politics of Ecology in Papua New Guinea
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
.
West
,
P
.
, and
Brockington
.
D
.
2006
. “
An Anthropological Perspective on Some Unexpected Consequences of Protected Areas
.”
Conservation Biology
20
(
3
):
609
16
.
West
,
P
.
, and
Carrier
.
J
.
2004
. “
Ecotourism and Authenticity: Getting Away from It All?
Current Anthropology
45
(
4
):
483
98
.
Wheeler
,
K
.
, and
Nauright
.
J
.
2006
. “
A Global Perspective on the Environmental Impact of Golf
.”
Sport in Society
9
(
3
):
427
43
.
Wittmayer
,
J
.
2007
. “
Life Projects, Development and the State: An Anthropological Study into Land Claims in Lesotho
.”
Master’s thesis
,
VU University Amsterdam
.
Wittmayer
,
J
.
, and
Büscher
.
B
.
2010
. “
Conserving Conflict? Transfrontier Conservation, Development Discourses and Conflict between South Africa and Lesotho
.”
Human Ecology
38
(
6
):
763
73
.
Wolmer
,
W
.
2003
. “
Transboundary Conservation: The Politics of Ecological Integrity in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
.”
Journal of Southern African Studies
29
(
1
):
261
78
.
Wolmer
,
W
.
2006
. “
Big Conservation: The Politics of Ecoregional Science in Southern Africa
.”
Paper presented at the “Culture, Nature, Future? Perspectives on Science and Development in Africa” conference, University of
Edinburgh
,
12
13
April
.
World Bank
.
1996
.
Transfrontier Conservation Area Pilot and Institutional Strengthening Project
.
Report no. 15534-MOZ
,
World Bank
,
Washington, D.C
.
World Bank
.
2001a
. “
Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant from the Global Environmental Facility Trust Fund in the Amount of SDR 5.6 Million to the Kingdom of Lesotho for a Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Washington D.C
.,
20
August
.
World Bank
.
2001b
. “
Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant from the Global Environmental Facility Trust Fund in the Amount of SDR 6.0 Million (US$7.92 Million Equivalent) to the Republic of South Africa for a Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project
.”
Report no. 22630-SA
,
Washington, D.C
.,
20
August
.
World Bank
.
2004
. “
Implementation Completion Report (TF-28483) on a Grant in the Amount of US$5 Million to the Republic of Mozambique for a Transfrontier Conservation Areas Pilot and Institutional Strengthening Project
.”
Report no. 28382
,
Washington, D.C
.
World Bank
.
2005
. “
South Africa Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation and Development Project (P052368): Mid Term Review, August 1–8, 2005; Draft Aide Memoire
.”
Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Project
,
Howick, South Africa
.
Wunder
,
S
.
2001
. “
Poverty Alleviation and Tropical Forests—What Scope for Synergies?
World Development
29
(
11
):
1817
33
.
Young
,
Z
.
2002
.
A New Green Order? The World Bank and the Politics of the Global Environment Facility
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal