The Borders of Dominicanidad: Race, Nation, and Archives of Contradiction
The Galindo Virgins: Violence and Repetition in the Archive of Dominicanidad
This chapter examines the discursive process through which the literary elite facilitated the erasure of Dominican blackness from the Archive of Dominicanidad. Through a reading of multiple literary representations of the Galindo Virgins (1860–1940), which contradict historical documents of the Galindo Murders (1822), the chapter proposes Galindo as foundational to anti-Haitianism and anti-blackness in the Dominican Republic. The chapter shows how, through a process of silencing and rhetorical manipulation, the murder of the Andújar family by common Dominican criminals came to be remembered as a crime of barbaric black Haitians against white Dominican virgins. In their renditions of the Galindo elite, writers imposed a history of violence that furthered border making and civilizing in the new republic and that satisfied colonial desire for white supremacy. With Trujillo, this nineteenth-century rhetoric became law, serving as the basis for violence against black Dominicans, rayanos, and ethnic Haitians.