Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.
Abu-Jamal
Mumia
.
We Want Freedom: A Life in the Black Panther Party
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
2004
.
Acierno
L. J
.
The History of Cardiology
.
Pearl River, N.Y.
:
Parthenon Publishing Group
,
1994
.
Adams
J. M
. “
Some Racial Differences in Blood Pressure and Morbidity in Groups of White and Colored Workmen
.”
American Journal of the Medical Sciences
184
(
1932
):
342
50
.
Agamben
Georgio
.
Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life
.
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1998
.
Agar
Jon
. “
What Difference Did Computers Make?
Social Studies of Science
36
(
2006
):
869
907
.
Allen
Gerald E
. “
The Hydra and Its Many Heads
.”
GeneWatch
19
, no.
5
(
September–October
2006
):
3
8
.
Allen
James P.
, and
Turner
Eugene
. “
Boston’s Emerging Ethnic Quilt: A Geographic Perspective
.”
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America
,
Boston
,
April 1, 2004
. At .
Allen
L. C
. “
The Negro Health Problem
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
(
1915
):
194
203
.
Althusser
Louis
.
For Marx
. Translated by
Brewster
Ben
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1965
.
Althusser
Louis
. “
Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses
.” In
Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays
, translated by
Brewster
Ben
,
127
86
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1971
.
American Heart Association
.
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics: 2010 Update At-a-Glance
.
December
2009
. At .
Amersbach
Gabriele
. “
Through the Lens of Race: Unequal Health Care in America
.”
Harvard Public Health Review
, Winter
2002
. At .
Anderson
Benedict
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
,
1983
.
Anderson
Warwick
.
The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2003
.
Anderson
Warwick
. “
Teaching ‘Race’ in Medical School
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
(
2008
):
785
800
.
Ando
Katsuyuki
, and
Fujita
Toshiro
. “
Anti-diabetic Effect of Blockade of the Renin-Angiotensin System
.”
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
8
(
July
2006
):
396
403
.
Angell
Marcia
.
The Truth about the Drug Companies: How They Deceive Us and What to Do about It
.
New York
:
Random House
,
2004
.
Angus
Derek
et al
. “
Cost Effectiveness of Fixed-Dose Combination of Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine Therapy for Blacks with Heart Failure
,”
Circulation
112
(
2005
):
3745
53
.
Angus
Derek
et al
. “
Heart Failure; Study Finds That African-American Heart Failure Drug Is Cost Effective
.”
Heart Disease Weekly
,
January
8
,
2006
,
84
.
Appiah
Kwame Anthony
.
Experiments in Ethics
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2008
.
Investigators
ARIC
. “
The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study: Design and Objectives
.”
American Journal of Epidemiology
129
(
1989
):
687
702
.
Armelagos
George J
. “
The Slavery Hypertension Hypothesis—Natural Selection and Scientific Investigation: A Commentary
.”
Transforming Anthropology
13
(
2005
):
119
24
.
Aronowitz
Robert A
.
Making Sense of Illness: Science, Society and Disease
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1998
.
Aronson
Jay
.
Genetic Witness: Science, Law, and Controversy in the Making of DNA Profiling
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2007
.
Baker
Benjamin M
. “
Certain Aspects of Syphilitic Cardiac Disease
.”
Venereal Disease Information
12
(
September
20
,
1931
):
471
.
Baker
Lee
.
From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 1896–1954
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1998
.
Barthes
Roland
.
Mythologies
. Translated by
Levers
Annette
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1972
.
Bays
Robert P.
, and
Scrimshaw
Nevin S.
. “
Facts and Fallacies Regarding the Blood Pressure of Different Regional and Racial Groups
.”
Circulation
8
(
1953
):
655
63
.
Benjamin
Ruha
. “
A Lab of Their Own: Genomic Sovereignty as Postcolonial Science Policy
.”
Policy and Society
28
, no.
4
(
2009
):
341
55
.
Benjamin
Ruha
. “
Organized Ambivalence: When Sickle Cell Disease and Stem Cell Research Converge
.”
Ethnicity and Health
16
, no.
4–5
(
August–October
2011
):
447
63
.
Benjamin
Walter
. “
The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
, translated by
Zohn
H.
,
217
52
.
New York
:
Schocken
,
1968
.
Berg
Marc
. “
Practices of Reading and Writing: The Constitutive Role of the Patient Record in Medical Work
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
18
, no.
4
(
1996
):
499
524
.
Berg
Marc
, and
Mol
Annemarie
.
Differences in Medicine: Unraveling Practices, Techniques, and Bodies
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Bethea
Dennis A
. “
Some Significant Negro Movements to Lower Their Mortality
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
22
, no.
2
(
1930
):
85
88
.
Bhabha
Homi
.
The Location of Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Bibbins-Domingo
Kirsten
, and
Fernandez
Alicia
. “
BiDil for Heart Failure in Black Patients: Implications of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approval
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
146
(
January
2007
):
52
56
.
Biehl
João
. “
Pharmaceuticalization: AIDS Treatment and Global Health Politics
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
80
, no.
4
(
Fall
2007
):
1083
126
.
Biehl
João
.
The Will to Live: AIDS Therapies and the Politics of Survival
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2008
.
Bing
Richard J
.
Cardiology: The Evolution of the Science and the Art
. 2nd ed.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1999
.
Birke
Lynda
. “
The Heart: A Broken Metaphor?
” In
Feminism and the Biological Body
,
112
34
.
Edinburgh
:
Edinburgh University Press
,
1999
.
Birnie
C. W
. “
The Influence of Environment and Race on Diseases
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
2
, no.
4
(
1910
):
243
51
.
Blackburn
Henry
. “
Oral History: Interview with Felix Moore
.”
August
8
,
1989
,
Granlibakken, California
. At .
Blackburn
Henry
. “
Oral History: Interview with Dr. William Kannel
.”
February
23
,
2002
,
Palm Beach Florida
. Excerpts at .
Blackman
Lisa
. “
Psychiatric Culture and Bodies of Resistance
.”
Body and Society
13
, no.
2
(
June
2007
):
1
23
.
Bloche
M. Gregg
. “
Race-Based Therapeutics
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
351
(
November
11
,
2004
):
2035
37
.
Bousfield
M. O
. “
Reaching the Negro Community
.”
American Journal of Public Health
24
(
1934
):
209
15
.
Bowker
Geoffrey C.
, and
Star
Susan Leigh
.
Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
1999
.
Braithwaite
Ronald L.
,
Taylor
Sandra E.
, and
Austin
John N.
.
Building Health Coalitions in the Black Community
.
Thousand Oaks, Calif.
:
Sage
,
2000
.
Brandt
Allan M
. “
Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
.”
Hastings Center Report
8
(
December
1978
):
21
29
.
Brandt
Allan M.
, and
Sloane
David C.
. “
Of Beds and Benches: Building the Modern American Hospital
.” In
The Architecture of Science
, edited by
Galison
Peter
and
Thompson
Emily
,
281
308
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
1999
.
Braun
Lundy
. “
Race, Ethnicity, and Health: Can Genetics Explain Disparities?
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
45
(
Spring
2002
):
159
74
.
Bridges
Khiara
.
Reproducing Race: An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2011
.
Briggs
Charles
, and
Mantini-Briggs
Clara
.
Stories in the Time of Cholera: Racial Profiling during a Medical Nightmare
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Brooks
Walter
. “
Hypertension Expert on Research, Recruitment, and Soul Food
.”
February
10
,
2004
. At .
Brown
Michael K.
,
Carnoy
Martin
,
Currie
Elliott
,
Duster
Troy
,
Oppenheimer
David B.
,
Shultz
Marjorie M.
, and
Wellman
David
.
Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Brown
Roscoe C
. “
The National Negro Health Week Movement
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
July
1937
):
553
64
.
Brunner
William F
. “
The Negro Health Problem in Southern Cities
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
(
1915
):
183
90
.
Bud
Robert
.
Penicillin: Triumph and Tragedy
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2007
.
Butler
Judith
.
Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.”
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Bynum
William F.
,
Lawrence
Christopher
, and
Nutton
Vivian
, eds.
The Emergence of Modern Cardiology
.
London
:
Wellcome
,
1985
.
Byrd
W. Michael
, and
Clayton
Linda A.
.
An American Health Dilemma: A Medical History of African Americans and the Problem of Race, Beginnings to 1900
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Byrd
W
.
An American Health Dilemma, vol. 2, Race, Medicine, and Health Care in the United States, 1900–2000
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Callon
Michel
. “
Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Brieuc Bay
.” In
Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge?
, edited by
Law
John
,
196
223
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1986
.
Canguilhem
Georges
.
The Normal and the Pathological
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1991
.
Carlson
Rick J
. “
The Case of BiDil: A Policy Commentary on Race and Genetics: The Debate between Sociologists and Biologists Is Just the Beginning, When It Comes to Genomics and Race
.”
Health Affairs
24
(
July–December
2005
):
464
68
.
Carruthers
Bruce G.
, and
Babb
Sarah L.
.
Economy/Society: Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure
.
Thousand Oaks, Calif.
:
Pine Forge Press
,
2000
.
Carson
P.
,
Ziesche
S.
,
Johnson
G.
,
Cohn
J. N.
, and
Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial Study Group
. “
Racial Differences in Response to Therapy for Heart Failure: Analysis of the Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trials
.”
Journal of Cardiac Failure
5
(
1999
):
178
87
.
CDER [Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration Center for Drug Evaluation and Research]
. “
Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee, Volume II
.”
Gaithersburg, Md.
,
June
16
,
2005
. At .
Chambers
Jason
. “
Equal in Every Way: African Americans, Consumption and Materialism from Reconstruction to the Civil Rights Movement
.”
Advertising and Society Review
7
, no.
1
(
2006
): DOI: .
Chepesiuk
Ron
, and
Jones
Joyce
. “
Are Race-Specific Drugs Unethical?
Black Enterprise
(
November
2005
):
37
.
Chun
Wendy Hui Kyong
.
Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2006
.
Clarke
Adele
,
Shim
Janet K.
,
Mamo
Laura
,
Fosket
Jennifer Ruth
, and
Fishman
Jennifer R.
. “
Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine
.”
American Sociological Review
68
, no.
2
(
April
2003
):
161
94
.
Clough
Patricia Ticineto
, and
Halley
Jean
, eds.
The Affective Turn: Theorizing the Social
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Cohen
Lizabeth
.
A Consumers’ Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
2003
.
Cohn
J. N.
et al
. “
Effect of Vasodilator Therapy on Mortality in Chronic Congestive Heart Failure: Results of a Veterans Administration Cooperative Study
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
314
(
1986
):
1547
52
.
Cohn
J. N.
et al
. “
A Comparison of Enalapril with Hydralazine-Isosorbide Dinitrate in the Treatment of Chronic Congestive Heart Failure
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
325
(
1991
):
303
10
.
Cohn
Jay
. “
The Use of Race and Ethnicity in Medicine: Lessons from the African American Heart Failure Trial
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
34
(
Fall
2006
):
552
54
.
Conrad
Peter
. “
Medicalization and Social Control
.”
Annual Review of Sociology
18
(
1992
):
209
32
.
Conrad
Peter
. “
The Shifting Engines of Medicalization
.”
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
46
(
2005
):
3
14
.
Conroy
R. M
. “
From Epidemiological Risk to Clinical Practice by Way of Statistics—A Personal View
.” In
Therapeutic Strategies in Cardiovascular Risk
, edited by
Graham
I. M.
and
D’Agostino
R. B.
.
Oxford
:
Clinical Publishing
,
2008
.
Cooper
R.
, and
Rotimi
C.
. “
Hypertension in Populations of West African Origin: Is There a Genetic Predisposition?
Journal of Hypertension
12
(
1994
):
215
27
.
Cooper
R.
, and
Rotimi
C.
. “
Hypertension in Blacks
,”
American Journal of Hypertension
10
(
July
1997
):
804
12
.
Cooper
R.
et al
. “
The Prevalence of Hypertension in Seven Populations of West African Origin
.”
American Journal of Public Health
87
, no.
2
(
1997
):
160
68
.
Cooper
Richard
, and
David
Richard
. “
The Biological Concept of Race and Its Application to Public Health and Epidemiology
.”
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
11
(
Spring
1986
):
97
116
.
Crawley
LaVera
. “
The Paradox of Race in the BiDil® Debate
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
99
, no.
7
(
July
2007
):
821
22
.
Crenshaw
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Anti-discrimination Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
101
, no.
7
(
May
1988
):
1331
87
.
Curtin
Philip D
. “
The Slavery Hypothesis for Hypertension among African Americans: The Historical Evidence
.”
American Journal of Public Health
82
, no.
12
(
1992
):
1681
86
.
Das
Veena
, and
Das
Ranendra K.
. “
Pharmaceuticals in Urban Ecologies: The Register of the Local
.” In
Global Pharmaceuticals: Ethics, Markets, Practices
, edited by
Petryna
Adriana
,
Lakoff
Andrew
, and
Kleinman
Arthur
,
171
205
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Davis
B. R.
,
Cutler
J. A.
,
Gordon
D. J.
,
Furberg
C. D.
,
Wright
J. T.
Jr
,
Cushman
W. C.
,
Grimm
R. H.
,
LaRosa
J.
,
Whelton
P. K.
,
Perry
H. M.
,
Alderman
M. H.
,
Ford
C. E.
,
Oparil
S.
,
Francis
C.
,
Proschan
M.
,
Pressel
S.
,
Black
H. R.
, and
Hawkins
C. M.
;
for the ALLHAT Research Group
. “
Rationale and Design for the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
.”
American Journal of Hypertension
9
(
1996
):
342
60
.
Davis
Sharon K.
,
Quarells
Rakale Collins
, and
Gibbons
Gary H.
. “
Hypertension in African American Communities
.” In
Health Issues in the Black Community
, edited by
Braithwaite
Ronald L.
and
Taylor
Sandra E.
,
233
58
.
San Francisco
:
Wiley
,
2009
.
Dawber
Thomas Royle
.
The Framingham Study: The Epidemiology of Atherosclerotic Disease
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1980
.
Dawber
T. R.
,
Kannel
W. B.
, and
Friedman
G. D.
. “
The Use of Computers in Cardiovascular Epidemiology
.”
Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
5
(
1963
):
406
17
.
Dawber
Thomas
,
Kannel
William B.
,
Revotskie
Nicholas
,
Stokes
Joseph
III
,
Kagan
Abraham
, and
Gordon
Tavia
. “
Some Factors Associated with the Development of Coronary Heart Disease—Six Years’ Follow-Up Experience in the Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
49
(
October
1959
):
1349
56
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Meadors
Gilcin F.
, and
Moore
Felix
Jr
. “
Epidemiological Approaches to Heart Disease: The Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
41
, no.
3
(
March
1951
):
279
86
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
, and
Moore
Felix E.
. “
Longitudinal Study of Heart Disease in Framingham, Massachusetts: An Interim Report
.”
Research in Public Health: 1951 Annual Conference of the Milbank Memorial Fund
.
New York
:
Milbank Memorial Fund
,
1952
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Moore
Felix E.
, and
Mann
George V.
. “
Coronary Heart Disease in the Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
47
(
April
1957
):
4
24
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Pearson
Georgiana
,
Anderson
Patricia
,
Mann
George V.
,
Kannel
William
,
Shurtleff
Dewey
, and
McNamara
Patricia
. “
Dietary Assessment in the Epidemiologic Study of Coronary Heart Disease: The Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
11
(
September
1962
):
226
34
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
et al
.
1967
. “
Environmental Factors in Hypertension
.” In
The Epidemiology of Hypertension: Proceedings of an International Symposium
, a meeting sponsored by the
Chicago Heart Association and the American Heart Association
,
Chicago
,
February 3–7, 1964
. Edited by
Stamler
J.
,
Stamler
R.
, and
Pullman
T. N.
.
New York
:
Grune and Stratton
,
1967
.
Denton
Derek
.
1982
.
The Hunger for Salt: An Anthropological, Physiological, and Medical Analysis
.
New York
:
Springer Verlag
.
Derrida
Jacques
. “
Plato’s Pharmacy
.” In
Dissemination
, translated by
Johnson
Barbara
,
61
171
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1981
.
Derrida
Jacques
.
The Gift of Death
. Translated by
Wills
David
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1996
.
Derrida
Jacques
. “
Remarks on Deconstruction and Pragmatism
.” In
Deconstruction and Pragmatism
, edited by
Mouffe
Chantal
,
77
88
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
DHEW (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service)
.
National High Blood Pressure Education Program: Report to the Hypertension Information and Education Advisory Committee: Task Force III Community Education
,
September
1
,
1973
.
National Library of Medicine
,
Bethesda, Md
.
DHEW (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service)
.
Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension: A Nationwide Survey of Physicians’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Reported Behavior: Conducted for the Food and Drug Administration and the National High Blood Pressure Education Program, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 79-1056,
1979
.
National Library of Medicine
,
Bethesda, Md
.
Diamond
Jared
, and
Rotter
Jerome I.
. “
Evolution of Human Genetic Diseases
.” In
The Genetic Basis of Common Diseases
, edited by
King
Richard Allen
,
Rotter
Jerome I.
, and
Motulsky
Arno G.
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2002
.
Dimsdale
Joel E
. “
Stalked by the Past: The Influence of Ethnicity on Health
.”
Psychosomatic Medicine
62
(
2000
):
161
70
.
Din-Dzietham
R.
,
Nembhard
W. N.
,
Collins
R.
, and
Davis
S. K.
. “
Perceived Stress Following Race-Based Discrimination at Work Is Associated with Hypertension in African-Americans: The Metro Atlanta Heart Disease Study, 1999–2001
.”
Social Science and Medicine
58
, no.
3
(
February
2004
):
449
61
.
Douglas
Janice G.
,
Bakris
George L.
,
Epstein
Murray
,
Ferdinand
Keith C.
,
Ferrario
Carlos
,
Flack
John M.
,
Jamerson
Kenneth A.
et al
. “
Management of High Blood Pressure in African Americans: Consensus Statement of the Hypertension in African Americans Working Group of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks
.”
Archives of Internal Medicine
163
(
March
10
,
2003
):
525
41
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
Factors in American Mortality: A Study of Death Rates in the Race Stocks of New York State, 1910
.”
American Economic Review
6
, no.
3
(
September
1916
):
523
48
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
The Health of the Negro
.”
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
140
(
1928
):
77
85
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
The Problem of Negro Health as Revealed by Vital Statistics
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
1937
):
268
75
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
.
The Philadelphia Negro
.
New York
:
Lippincott
,
1899
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
.
The Health and Physique of the Negro American: Report of a Social Study Made under the Direction of Atlanta University; Together with the Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems
(
Atlanta
:
Atlanta University Press
,
1906
). Excerpts reprinted as W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, “Voices from the Past: The Health and Physique of the Negro American,” American Journal of Public Health 93, no. 2 (February 2003): 272–76.
Duhart
Olympia
. “
Killing Us Softly: The Hypertension Threat
,”
Healthquest: Total Wellness for Mind, Body, and Spirit
12
(
February
28
,
1996
):
6
9
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Drugs for Life
.”
Molecular Interventions
2
, no.
3
(
2002
):
124
27
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Is It Me or My Brain? Depression and Neuroscientific Facts
.”
Journal of Medical Humanities
24
, nos.
1–2
(Summer
2003
):
35
47
.
Dumit
Joseph
.
Picturing Personhood: Brain Scans and Biomedical Identity
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Pharmaceutical Witnessing: Drugs for Life in an Era of Direct-to-Consumer Advertising
.” In
Technologized Images, Technologized Bodies
, edited by
Edwards
Jeanette
,
Harvey
Penelope
, and
Wade
Peter
,
37
60
.
Oxford
:
Berghahn Books
,
2010
.
Dumit
Joseph
.
Drugs for Life: How Pharmaceutical Companies Define Our Health
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press, forthcoming
.
Dunklee
Brady
,
Reardon
Jenny
, and
Wentworth
Kara
.
2006
. “
Race and Crisis
.”
Social Science Research Council Forum: Is Race Real?
At .
Duster
Troy
. “
Buried Alive: The Concept of Race in Science
.” In
Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science Beyond the Two-Culture Divide
, edited by
Goodman
Alan H.
,
Health
Deborah
, and
Lindee
M. Susan
,
258
77
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Duster
Troy
. “
Comparative Perspectives and Competing Explanations: Taking on the Newly Reconfigured Reductionist Challenge to Sociology
.”
American Sociological Review
71
, no.
1
(
February
2006
):
1
15
.
Dyer
George S. M.
, and
Lilly
Leonard S.
. “
Heart Failure
.” In
Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
, 3rd ed., edited by
Lilly
Leonard S.
,
211
36
.
Philadelphia
:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
,
2003
.
Eagan
Catherine M
. “
The Invention of the White Race[s]
.” Review of Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race, by Matthew Frye Jacobson,
American Quarterly
51
(
1999
):
921
30
.
Ecks
Stefan
. “
Pharmaceutical Citizenship: Antidepressant Marketing and the Promise of Demarginalization in India
.”
Anthropology and Medicine
12
, no.
3
(
December
2005
):
239
54
.
Ecks
Stefan
. “
Global Pharmaceutical Markets and Corporate Citizenship: The Case of Novartis’ Anti-cancer Drug Glivec
,”
BioSocieties
3
, no.
2
(
2008
):
165
81
.
Ecks
Stefan
, and
Basu
Soumita
. “
The Unlicensed Lives of Antidepressants in India: Generic Drugs, Unqualified 46, no. 1 Practitioners, and Floating Prescriptions
.”
Transcultural Psychiatry
(
2009
):
86
106
.
Embree
Edwin R
. “
Negro Illness and Its Effect upon the Nation’s Health
.”
Modern Hospital
30
(
1928
):
49
54
.
Emslie
Carol
,
Hunt
Kate
, and
Watt
Graham
. “
Invisible Women? The Importance of Gender in Lay Beliefs about Heart Problems
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
23
, no.
2
(
2001
):
203
33
.
Epstein
Steven
.
Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1998
.
Epstein
Steven
. “
Bodily Differences and Collective Identities: The Politics of Gender and Race in Biomedical Research in the United States
.”
Body and Society
10
(
2004
):
183
203
.
Epstein
Steven
.
Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2007
.
Epstein
Steven
. “
The Rise of ‘Recruitmentology’: Clinical Research, Racial Knowledge, and the Politics of Inclusion and Difference
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
, no.
5
(
2008
):
801
32
.
Ernst
Waltraud
, and
Harris
Bernard
.
Race, Science and Medicine, 1700–1960
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Farmer
Harold E
. “
The Incidence of Heart Disease among Negroes
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
32
, no.
5
(
1940
):
198
203
.
Farmer
Paul
.
Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Fausto-Sterling
Anne
. “
Refashioning Race: DNA and the Politics of Health Care
.”
differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies
15
, no.
3
(
2004
):
1
37
.
Ferdinand
Keith
. “
Lessons Learned from the Healthy Heart Community Prevention Project in Reaching the African American Population
.”
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
8
, no.
3
(
August
1997
):
366
71
.
Fields
Barbara J
. “
Ideology and Race in American History
.” In
Region, Race and Reconstruction
, edited by
Kousser
J. Morgan
and
McPherson
James
,
143
77
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1982
.
Fisher
Jill
.
Medical Research for Hire: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2009
.
Fishman
Jennifer
. “
Manufacturing Desire: The Commodification of Female Sexual Dysfunction
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
(
2004
):
187
218
.
Flack
John M.
,
Sica
Domenic A.
,
Bakris
George
,
Brown
Angela L.
,
Ferdinand
Keith C.
,
Grimm
Richard H.
Jr
,
Hall
W. Dallas
,
Jones
Wendell E.
,
Kountz
David S.
,
Lea
Janice P.
,
Nasser
Samar
,
Nesbitt
Shawna D.
,
Saunders
Elijah
,
Scisney-Matlock
Margaret
,
Jamerson
Kenneth A.
,
on behalf of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks
. “
Management of High Blood Pressure in Blacks: An Update of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks Consensus Statement
.”
Hypertension
56
(
2010
):
780
800
.
Fleck
Ludwik
. “
Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking
.” In
Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck
, edited by
Cohen
Robert S.
and
Schnelle
Thomas
,
39
46
. 1927;
Dordrecht, Holland
:
Reidel
,
1986
.
Fleming
Peter
.
A Short History of Cardiology
.
Amsterdam
:
Rodopi
,
1997
.
Flexner
Abraham
. “
The Medical Education of the Negro
.” In
The Flexner Report on Medical Education in the United States and Canada
.
New York
:
Carnegie Foundation
,
1910
. Reprinted in Journal of the National Medical Association 85 (1993): 152.
Fortun
Mike
. “
Race in the Meantime: The ‘Care for the Data’ for Complex Conditions
.”
Paper presented at the conference “The Business of Race,” MIT Center for the Study of Diversity in Science, Technology and Medicine
,
March 30 2007
. At .
Foucault
Michel
.
The Birth of the Clinic: An Archeology of Medical Perception.
Translated by
Sheridan Smith
A. M.
.
London
:
Tavistock Publications
,
1973
.
Foucault
Michel
.
Archeology of Knowledge
. 1972;
Oxford
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Fox
Nick J.
, and
Ward
Katie J.
. “
Pharma in the Bedroom . . . and the Kitchen . . . : The Pharmaceuticalisation of Daily Life
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
30
, no.
6
(
September
2008
):
856
68
.
France
J. J
. “
Cardio-Vascular Syphilis
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
14
, no.
3
(
1922
):
151
53
.
Fujimura
Joan
. “
Constructing ‘Do-Able’ Problems in Cancer Research: Articulating Alignment
.”
Social Studies of Science
17
(
May
1987
):
257
93
.
Fujimura
Joan
. “
Postgenomic Futures: Translations across the Machine-Nature Border in Systems Biology
.”
New Genetics and Society
24
, no.
2
(
2005
):
195
225
.
Fullwiley
Duana
. “
The Molecularization of Race: Institutionalizing Human Difference in Pharmacogenetics Practice
.”
Science as Culture
16
, no.
1
(
March
2007
):
1
30
.
Fullwiley
Duana
. “
The Biologistical Construction of Race: ‘Admixture’ Technology and the New Genetic Medicine
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
(
2008
):
695
735
.
Fye
W. Bruce
. “
A History of the Origin, Evolution, and Impact of Electrocardiography
.”
American Journal of Cardiology
73
, no.
13
(
1994
):
937
49
.
Fye
W. Bruce
.
American Cardiology: A History of a Specialty and Its College
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1996
.
Gager
Leslie
. “
Changing Conditions in Medical Practice
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
25
, no.
2
(
1933
):
72
76
.
Gamble
Vanessa Northington
, ed.
Germs Have No Color Line: Blacks and American Medicine 1900–1940
.
New York
:
Garland Publishing
,
1989
.
Gamble
Vanessa Northington
, ed.
Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Garrety
Karin
. “
Social Worlds, Actor-Networks and Controversy: The Case of Cholesterol, Dietary Fat, and Heart Disease
.”
Social Studies of Science
27
(
1997
):
727
73
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
“Race,” Writing, and Difference
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1986
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the “Racial” Self
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1988
.
Geest
Sjaak van der
,
Whyte
Susan Reynolds
, and
Hardon
Anita
. “
The Anthropology of Pharmaceuticals: A Biographical Approach
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
25
(
1996
):
153
78
.
Ghali
J. K.
,
Tam
S. W.
,
Sabolinski
M. L.
,
Taylor
A. L.
,
Lindenfeld
J.
,
Cohn
J. N.
, and
Worcel
M.
. “
Exploring the Potential Synergistic Action of Spironolactone on Nitric Oxide-Enhancing Therapy: Insights from the African-American Heart Failure Trial
.”
Journal of Cardiac Failure
14
(
2008
):
718
23
.
Gieryn
Thomas
. “
Boundary-Work and the Demarcation of Science from Non-science: Strains and Interests in Professional Ideologies of Scientists
.”
American Sociological Review
48
(
December
1983
):
781
95
.
Gillum
Richard F
. “
Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Blacks and Whites: A Review of the Basis of Racial Blood Pressure Differences
.”
Hypertension
1
(
1979
):
468
75
.
Gilroy
Paul
.
Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Glieberman
Lillian
. “
Sodium, Blood Pressure, and Ethnicity: What Have We Learned?
American Journal of Human Biology
21
(
2009
):
679
86
.
Gravlee
Clarence C
. “
How Race Becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality
.”
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
139
(
2009
):
47
57
.
Gravlee
Clarence C.
,
Non
Amy L.
, and
Mulligan
Connie J.
. “
Genetic Ancestry, Social Classification, and Racial Inequalities in Blood Pressure in Southeastern Puerto Rico
.”
PLoS ONE
4
, no.
9
(
September
2009
):
e6821
. At .
Greene
Jeremy
. “
Releasing the Flood Waters: Diuril and the Reshaping of Hypertension
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
79
(
2005
):
749
94
.
Greene
Jeremy
.
Prescribing by Numbers: Drugs and the Definition of Disease
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2007
.
Greene
Jeremy
. “
What’s in a Name? Generics and the Persistence of the Pharmaceutical Brand in American Medicine
.”
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
66
, no.
4
(
2011
):
468
506
.
Greene
Jeremy
, and
Podolsky
Scott
. “
Keeping Modern in Medicine: Pharmaceutical Promotion and Physician Education in Postwar America
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
83
, no.
2
(
Summer
2009
):
331
77
.
Greenlee
Edwin J
. “
Biomedicine and Ideology: A Social History of the Conceptualization and Treatment of Essential Hypertension in the United States
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Temple University
,
1989
.
Greenlee
Edwin J
. “
Discourse, Foucault, and Critical Medical Anthropology
.”
Central Issues in Anthropology
9
, no.
1
(
1991
):
79
87
.
Greenslit
Nathan
. “
Dep®ession and Consum♀tion: Psychopharmaceuticals, Branding, and New Identity Practices
.”
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
29
(
2005
):
477
50
.
Greenslit
Nathan
. “
Pharmaceutical Relationships: Intersections of Illness, Fantasy and Capital in the Age of Direct-to-Consumer Marketing
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
,
2007
.
Greenslit
Nathan
, and
Dumit
Joseph
.
Medi(c)ating Illness: An Ethnographic Exploration of Women’s Health in the Age of Direct to Consumer Advertising
. National Science Foundation Dissertation Improvement Grant (NSF Award 0426130),
2004
.
Griggers
Cathy
. “
Lesbian Bodies in the Age of (Post)Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
The Lesbian Postmodern
, edited by
Doan
Laura L.
,
118
33
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Grim
C. E.
et al
. “
Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Evans Co., Georgia: Relationship to Sodium Intake and Plasma Renin Activity
.”
Journal of Chronic Diseases
33
(
1980
):
87
94
.
Grim
C. E.
,
Wilson
T. W.
,
Nicholson
G. D.
et al
. “
Blood Pressure in Blacks: Twin Studies in Barbados
.”
Hypertension
15
(
1990
):
803
9
.
Grim
Clarence
, and
Robinson
Miguel
. “
Salt, Slavery and Survival: Hypertension in the African Diaspora
.”
Epidemiology
14
, no.
1
(
January
2003
):
120
22
.
Grimm
R. H.
,
Margolis
K. L.
,
Papademetriou
V.
,
Cushman
W. C.
,
Ford
C. E.
,
Bettencourt
J.
,
Alderman
M. H.
,
Baslie
J. N.
,
Black
H. R.
,
DeQuattro
V.
,
Echfeldt
J.
,
Hawkins
C. M.
, and
Proschan
M.
,
for the ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group
. “
Baseline Characteristics of the 42,448 High Risk Hypertensives Enrolled in the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
.”
Hypertension
37
(
2001
):
19
27
.
Hacking
Ian
.
Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1983
.
Hacking
Ian
. “
The Self-Vindication of the Laboratory Sciences
.” In
Science as Practice and Culture
, edited by
Pickering
Andrew
,
29
64
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1992
.
Hadden
David R
. “
Holidays in Framingham?
British Medical Journal
325
(
2002
):
544
.
Haga
Susanne B.
, and
Ginsburg
Geoffrey S.
. “
Prescribing BiDil: Is It Black and White?
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
48
, no.
1
(
2006
):
12
14
.
Hall
W. Dallas
,
Saunders
Elijah
, and
Shulman
Neil
.
Hypertension in Blacks: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment
.
Chicago
:
Year Book Medical Publishers
,
1985
.
Hamilton
Jennifer
. “
The Case of the Genetic Ancestor
.” In
Genetics and the Unsettled Past: The Collision of DNA, Race, and History
, edited by
Wailoo
Keith
,
Nelson
Alondra
, and
Lee
Catherine
,
266
78
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2012
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
Missing Persons: Black Women and AIDS
.”
Radical America
24
(
1990
):
7
24
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
New Technologies of Race
.” In
The Gendered Cyborg: A Reader
, edited by
Kirkup
Gill
,
Janes
Linda
, and
Woodward
Kath
, and
Hovenden
Fiona
,
305
18
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
Straw Men and Their Followers: The Return of Biological Race
.”
Social Science Research Council Forum: Is Race “Real”?
June
7
,
2006
. At .
Hammonds
Evelynn
, and
Herzig
Rebecca
, eds.
The Nature of Difference: Sciences of Race in the United States from Jefferson to Genomics
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2009
.
Haraway
Donna
. “
Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980’s
.”
Socialist Review
80
(
1985
):
65
108
.
Haraway
Donna
. “
Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective
.”
Feminist Studies
14
(
1988
):
575
99
.
Haraway
Donna
.
Modest_Witness@Second_Millenium.FemaleMan©_Meets_OncoMouse™: Feminism and Technoscience
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Harding
Sandra G
.
The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Harlan
Louis R
.
Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Harlan
Louis R.
, and
Smock
Raymond W.
. “
Introduction
.” In
The Booker T. Washington Papers, vol. 13, 1913–1914
, edited by
Harlan
Louis R.
and
Smock
Raymond W.
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1984
.
Hartigan
John
Jr
. “
Establishing the Fact of Whiteness
.” In
Race, Identity, and Citizenship: A Reader
, edited by
Torres
Rodolfo D.
,
Miron
Louis F.
, and
India
Jonathan Xavier
,
183
99
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1999
.
Hartman
Stephanie
. “
Reading the Scar in Breast Cancer Poetry
.”
Feminist Studies
30
(
2004
):
155
77
.
Harvard Business School
. “
Merck-Medco: Vertical Integration in the Pharmaceutical Industry
.”
Case Study, HBS 9–598–091
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard Business School
,
1998
.
Hatch
Anthony
. “
The Politics of Metabolism: The Metabolic Syndrome and the Reproduction of Race and Racism
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
University of Maryland
,
2009
.
Hayden
Cori
. “
A Generic Solution? Pharmaceuticals and the Politics of the Similar in Mexico
.”
Current Anthropology
48
, no.
4
(
August
2007
):
475
95
.
Hazen
H. H
.
Syphilis
. 2nd ed.
St. Louis
:
Mosby
,
1928
.
Hazen
H. H
. “
A Leading Cause of Death among the Negroes: Syphilis
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
, no.
3
(
1937
):
310
21
.
Healy
David
. “
Shaping the Intimate: Influences on the Experience of Everyday Nerves
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
, no.
2
(
April
2004
):
219
45
.
Hertz
Robin P.
,
Unger
Alan N.
,
Cornell
Jeffrey A.
, and
Saunders
Elijah
. “
Racial Disparities in Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, and Management
.”
Archives of Internal Medicine
165
, no.
18
(
2005
):
2098
104
.
Herzberg
David L
.
Happy Pills in America: From Miltown to Prozac
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2009
.
Hester
Jennifer
. “
Bricolage and Bodies of Knowledge: Exploring Consumer Responses to Controversy about the Third Generation Oral Contraceptive Pill
.”
Body and Society
11
, no.
3
(
September
2005
):
77
95
.
Hindman
S. S
. “
Syphilis among Insane Negroes
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
, no.
3
(
1915
):
218
24
.
Hoberman
John
. “
Medical Racism and the Rhetoric of Exculpation: How Do Physicians Think about Race?
New Literary History
38
(
2007
):
505
25
.
Hoffman
Frederick
.
Race Traits and Tendencies of the Negro
. 1896; Reprint,
New York
:
AMS Press
,
1973
.
Hoffman
Sharona
. “
‘Racially-Tailored’ Medicine Unravelled
.”
American University Law Review
55
(
2005
):
396
452
.
Holloway
Edward E
. “
Approach to Cardiac Diagnosis
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
35
, no.
2
(
1943
):
58
60
.
Holmes
S. J
. “
The Principal Causes of Death among Negroes: A General Comparative Statement
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
1937
):
289
302
.
Hoover
Eddie L
. “
There Is No Scientific Rationale for Race-Based Research
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
99
, no.
6
(
June
2007
):
690
92
.
Howell
Joel D
. “
The Changing Face of Twentieth-Century American Cardiology
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
105
(
1986
):
772
82
.
Huggett
Brady
. “
BiDil Flops
.”
Nature Biotechnology
26
, no.
3
(
March
2008
):
252
.
Hunt
Susan
. “
The Flexner Report and Black Academic Medicine: An Assignment of Place
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
85
(
1993
):
151
55
.
Illich
Ivan
.
Medical Nemesis
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1976
.
Inda
Jonathan Xavier
. “
Materializing Hope: Racial Pharmaceuticals, Suffering Bodies, and Biological Citizenship
.” In
Corpus: An Interdisciplinary Reader on Bodies and Knowledge
, edited by
Casper
Monica
and
Currah
Paisley
,
61
80
.
New York
:
Palgrave-Macmillan
,
2011
.
Jackson
Algernon Brashear
. “
Public Health and the Negro
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
15
(
1923
):
256
59
.
Jackson
Fatimah L. C
. “
A Response to George Armelagos’ Commentary
.”
Transforming Anthropology
13
, no.
2
(
October
2005
):
125
35
.
Jackson
Fatimah L. C
. “
Anthropological Science and the Salt-Hypertension Hypothesis
.”
Transforming Anthropology
14
, no.
2
(
October
2006
):
173
75
.
Jacobson
Matthew Frye
.
Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Jasanoff
Sheila
, ed.
States of Knowledge: The Co-production of Science and the Social Order
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Jasanoff
Sheila
, and
Kim
Sang-Hyun
. “
Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea
.”
Minerva
47
(
2009
):
119
46
.
Jenks
Angela
. “
What’s the Use of Culture? Heath Disparities and the Development of Culturally Competent Care
.” In
What’s the Use of Race? Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference
, edited by
Whitmarsh
Ian
and
Jones
David S.
,
207
24
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2010
.
JNMA
. “
On Dr. Taylor of Philadelphia
.” Editorial.
Journal of the National Medical Association
7
(
1915
):
206
8
.
Johnmar
Fard
. “
Conversations about Race-Based Medicine: NitroMed’s Michael L. Sabolinksi
.”
July
27
,
2006
. At .
Jones
Camara
. “
Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale
.”
American Journal of Public Health
90
, no.
8
(
2000
):
1212
15
.
Jones
David S
. “
Visions of a Cure: Visualization, Clinical Trials, and Controversies in Cardiac Therapeutics, 1968–1998
.”
Isis
91
, no.
3
(
2000
):
504
41
.
Jones
David S
. “
Virgin Soils Revisited
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
60
, no.
4
(
October
2003
):
703
42
.
Jones
David S
.
Rationalizing Epidemics: Meanings and Uses of American Indian Mortality since 1600
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2004
.
Kahn
H. A
. “
Use of Computers in Analyzing Framingham Data
.”
Circulation Research
11
(
1962
):
585
86
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
How a Drug Becomes ‘Ethnic’: Law, Commerce, and the Production of Racial Categories in Medicine
.”
Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics
4
(
2004
):
1
46
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
From Disparity to Difference: How Race-Specific Medicines May Undermine Policies to Address Inequalities in Health Care
,”
Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal
15
(
2005
):
105
29
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
Misreading Race and Genomics after BiDil
.” Letter to the editor.
Nature Genetics
37
(
July
2005
):
655
56
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
Exploiting Race in Drug Development: BiDil’s Interim Model of Pharmacogenomics
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
, no.
5
(
October
2008
):
737
58
.
Kaiser
Robert M
. “
The Introduction of the Thiazides: A Case Study in Twentieth-Century Therapeutics
.” In
The Inside Story of Medicines: A Symposium
, edited by
Higby
Gregory J.
and
Stroud
Elaine C.
,
121
38
.
Madison, Wisc.
:
American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
,
1997
.
Kannel
William B.
Letter to the editor. “
The Framingham Study
.”
British Medical Journal
2
, no.
6046
(
November
20
,
1976
):
1255
.
Kannel
William B.
,
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Kagan
Abraham
,
Revotskie
Nicholas
, and
Stokes
Joseph
III
. “
Factors of Risk in the Development of Coronary Heart Disease —Six-Year Follow-Up Experience
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
55
(
July
1961
):
33
50
.
Kaufman
Jay S
. “
No More ‘Slavery Hypothesis’ Yarns
.” Letter to the editor.
Psychosomatic Medicine
63
(
2001
):
324
.
Kaufman
Jay S.
, and
Hall
Susan A.
. “
The Slavery Hypertension Hypothesis: Dissemination and Appeal of a Modern Race Theory
.”
Epidemiology
14
(
January
2003
):
111
18
.
Kawachi
Ichiro
, and
Conrad
Peter
. “
Medicalization and the Pharmacological Treatment of Blood Pressure
.” In
Contested Ground: Public Purpose and Private Interest in the Regulation of Prescription Drugs
, edited by
Davis
Peter
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Kenney
John A
. “
The Negro Hospital Renaissance
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
22
(
July–September
1930
):
109
12
.
Keller
Evelyn Fox
.
The Century of the Gene
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Kelly
Ann
, and
Geissler
P. Wenzel
. “
The Value of Transnational Medical Research
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
4
(
2011
):
3
10
.
Kempner
Walter
. “
Treatment of Heart and Kidney Disease and of Hypertensive and Arteriosclerotic Vascular Disease with the Rice Diet
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
31
(
1949
):
821
56
.
Kimberley
Margaret
. “
Rx for Black Hearts
.”
Black Commentator
, no.
143
(
June
23
,
2005
). At ; also at Alternet as “A Bitter Pill for Black Hearts,” .
Kirk
Dudley
. “
Demographic Transition Theory
.”
Population Studies
50
, no.
3
(
1996
):
361
87
.
Klag
M. J.
,
Whelton
P. K.
, and
Coresh
J.
et al
. “
The Association of Skin Color with Blood Pressure in US Blacks with Low Socioeconomic Status
.”
JAMA
265
(
February
6
,
1991
):
599
602
.
Klawiter
Maren
.
The Biopolitics of Breast Cancer: Changing Cultures of Disease and Activism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2008
.
Klein
Naomi
.
No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies
.
New York
:
Picador
,
2000
.
Kleinman
Arthur
.
What Really Matters: Living a Moral Life amidst Uncertainty and Danger
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Krieger
Nancy
. “
Embodying Inequality: A Review of the Concepts, Measures, and Methods for Studying Health Consequences of Discrimination
.”
International Journal of Health Services
29
, no.
2
(
1999
):
295
352
.
Krieger
Nancy
. “
Does Racism Harm Health? Did Child Abuse Exist before 1962? On Explicit Questions, Critical Science, and Current Controversies: An Ecosocial Perspective
.”
American Journal of Public Health
93
(
2003
):
194
99
.
Krieger
Nancy
. “
Stormy Weather: Race, Gene Expression, and the Science of Health Disparities
.”
American Journal of Public Health
95
(
2005
):
2155
60
.
Lakoff
Andrew
. “
The Anxieties of Globalization: Antidepressant Sales and Economic Crisis in Argentina
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
(
2004
):
247
69
.
Landecker
Hannah
. “
Immortality, in Vitro: A History of the HeLa Cell Line
,” In
Biotechnology and Culture: Bodies, Anxieties, Ethics
, edited by
Brodwin
Paul
,
53
72
.
Bloomington
:
University of Indiana Press
,
2000
.
Latour
Bruno
.
Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Latour
Bruno
. “
Technology Is Society Made Durable
.” In
Sociology of Monsters: Essays on Power, Technology and Domination
, edited by
Law
John
,
103
31
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1991
.
Latour
Bruno
.
We Have Never Been Modern
. Translated by
Porter
Catherine
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1993
.
Latour
Bruno
, and
Callon
Michel
. “
Unscrewing the Big Leviathan: How Actors Macro-Structure Reality and How Sociologists Help Them to Do So
.” In
Advances in Social Theory and Methodology: Toward an Integration of Micro-and Macro-Sociologies
, edited by
Knorr-Cetina
K.
and
Cicourel
A. V.
,
277
303
.
London
:
Routledge and Kegan Paul
.
Lauretis
Teresa de
.
Technologies of Gender
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1987
.
Lawrence
Christopher
. “
‘Definite and Material’: Coronary Thrombosis and Cardiologists in the 1920s
.” In
Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History
, edited by
Rosenberg
Charles E.
and
Golden
Janet Lynne
,
50
82
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1992
.
Lee
Sandra Soo-Jin
. “
Racializing Drug Design: Implications of Pharmacogenomics for Health Disparities
.”
American Journal of Public Health
95
, no.
12
(
2005
):
2133
38
.
Leibowitz
J. O
.
The History of Coronary Heart Disease
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1970
.
Lerner
Barron H
.
The Breast Cancer Wars: Hope, Fear, and the Pursuit of a Cure in 20th-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
Lévi-Strauss
Claude
.
Totemism
. Translated by
Needham
Rodney
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1963
.
Levitt
Steven D.
, and
Dubner
Stephen J.
.
Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything
.
New York
:
William Morrow
,
2005
.
Levy
Daniel
, and
Brink
Susan
.
A Change of Heart: How the Framingham Heart Study Helped Unravel the Mysteries of Cardiovascular Disease
.
New York
:
Random House
,
2005
.
Lewontin
Richard
. “
The Apportionment of Human Diversity
.”
Evolutionary Biology
6
(
1972
):
391
98
.
Lilienfeld
David E
. “
Louis I. Dublin and the Development of the Observational Study: The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Natural History (Cohort) Studies of Typhoid Fever and Scarlet Fever
.”
Annals of Epidemiology
19
, no.
6
(
2009
):
410
15
.
Littlefield
Melissa
. “
Constructing the Organ of Deceit: The Rhetoric of fMRI and Brain Fingerprinting in Post-9/11 America
.”
Science, Technology and Human Values
34
, no.
3
(
2009
):
365
92
.
Lock
Margaret
. “
Eclipse of the Gene and the Return of Divination
.”
Current Anthropology
46
(
December
2005
):
S47
S70
.
Lorde
Audre
.
The Cancer Journals
.
San Francisco
:
Aunt Lute Books
,
1980
.
Löwy
Ilana
.
Between Bench and Bedside: Science, Healing, and Interleukin-2 in a Cancer Ward
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1997
.
Lynch
James J
.
The Broken Heart: The Medical Consequences of Loneliness
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1977
.
Lynch
Michael
,
Cole
Simon A.
, and
McNally
Ruth
, eds.
The Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2008
.
MacKinnon
Catharine
. “
Difference and Dominance: On Sex Discrimination
.” In
Feminism Unmodified
,
32
45
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1987
.
Mackowiak
Philip A.
, ed. “
Racial Characteristics
.” In
Post-mortem: Solving History’s Great Medical Mysteries
,
305
38
.
Philadelphia
:
American College of Physicians
,
2007
.
Malik
Kenan
. “
A Colour Coded Prescription
.”
BBC Radio 4
,
November
17
,
2005
. At .
Mamo
Laura
, and
Fishman
Jennifer R.
. “
Potency in All the Right Places: Viagra as a Technology of the Gendered Body
.”
Body and Society
7
(
2001
):
13
35
.
Mann
G. V.
,
Pearson
G.
,
Gordon
T.
, and
Dawber
T. R.
. “
Diet and Cardiovascular Disease in the Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
11
, no.
3
(
September
1962
):
200
225
.
Maren
Thomas
. “
Diuretics and Renal Drug Development
.” In
Renal Physiology: People and Ideas
, edited by
Gottschalk
Carl W.
,
Berliner
Robert W.
, and
Giebisch
Gerhard H.
,
407
36
.
Bethesda, Md.
:
American Physiological Society
,
1987
.
Marks
Harry M
.
The Progress of Experiment: Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900–1990
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1997
.
Martin
Emily
. “
The Pharmaceutical Person
.”
BioSocieties
1
(
2006
):
273
87
.
Martin
Emily
.
Bipolar Expeditions: Mania and Depression in American Culture
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2007
.
Marx
Karl
.
Capital
. Volume
1
. Translated by
Fowkes
Ben
.
London
:
Penguin
,
1990
.
Massumi
Brian
.
Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Materson
Barry J
. “
Variability in Response to Anti-hypertensive Drug Treatment
.” Comment.
Hypertension
43
(
2004
):
1166
67
.
Mauss
Marcel
.
The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Primitive Societies
.
Glencoe, Ill.
:
Free Press
,
1954
.
May
Elaine Tyler
.
America and the Pill: A History of Promise, Peril, and Liberation
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2010
.
McBride
David
.
From TB to AIDS: Epidemics among Urban Blacks since 1900
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
,
1991
.
McDermott
Monica
, and
Samson
Frank L.
. “
White Racial and Ethnic Identity in the United States
.”
Annual Review of Sociology
31
(
2005
):
245
61
.
McDonough
John R.
,
Hames
Curtis G.
,
Stulb
Sarah C.
, and
Garrison
Glen E.
. “
Cardiovascular Disease Field Study in Evans County, Ga
.”
Public Health Reports
78
, no.
12
(
December
1963
):
1051
60
.
McGoey
Linsey
. “
Pharmaceutical Controversies and the Performative Value of Uncertainty
.”
Science as Culture
18
, no.
2
(
June
2009
):
151
64
.
Meltzer
Jay I
. “
A Specialist in Clinical Hypertension Critiques ALLHAT
.”
American Journal of Hypertension
16
(
May
2003
):
416
20
.
Menard
J
. “
Oil and Water? Economic Advantage and Biomedical Progress Do Not Mix Well in a Government Guidelines Committee
.”
American Journal of Hypertension
7
(
1994
):
877
85
.
Metzl
Jonathan
.
Prozac on the Couch: Prescribing Gender in the Era of Wonder Drugs
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Metzl
Jonathan
.
The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2010
.
Michaels
Leon
.
The Eighteenth-Century Origins of Angina Pectoris: Predisposing Causes, Recognition, and Aftermath
.
London
:
Wellcome Trust
,
2001
.
Michener
James
.
Hawaii
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1959
.
Mihaly
John P.
, and
Whiteman
Neville C.
. “
Myocardial Infarction in the Negro: Historical Survey as It Relates to Negroes
.”
American Journal of Cardiology
2
, no.
4
(
October
1958
):
464
74
.
Millman
Joel
, “
Going Nativist: How the Press Paints a False Picture of the Effects of Immigration
.”
Columbia Journalism Review
(
January/February
1999
). At .
Mitchell
Robert
, and
Waldby
Catherine
. “
National Biobanks: Clinical Labor, Risk Protection, and the Creation of Biovalue
.”
Science, Technology and Human Values
35
, no.
3
(
2010
):
330
55
.
Mokwe
Evan
,
Ohmit
Suzanne E.
,
Nasser
Samar A.
,
Shafi
Tariq
,
Saunders
Elijah
,
Crook
Errol
,
Dudley
Amanda
, and
Flack
John M.
. “
Determinants of Blood Pressure Response to Quinapril in Black and White Hypertensive Patients
.”
Hypertension
43
(
2004
):
1202
7
.
Mol
Annemarie
.
The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Moloney
Kevin
.
Rethinking Public Relations: PR, Propaganda, and Democracy
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Montoya
Michael
.
Making the Mexican Diabetic: Race, Science, and the Genetics of Inequality
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2011
.
Moore
Felix E
. “
Committee on Design and Analysis of Studies
.”
American Journal of Public Health
50
(
1960
):
S10
S19
.
Moore
William W
.
Fighting for Life: The Story of the American Heart Association, 1911–1975
.
Dallas
:
American Heart Association
,
1983
.
Moser
Marvin
. “
Epidemiology of Hypertension with Particular Reference to Racial Susceptibility
.”
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
84
(
1960
):
989
99
.
Mouffe
Chantal
. “
Deconstruction, Pragmatism, and the Politics of Democracy
.” In
Deconstruction and Pragmatism
, ed.
Mouffe
Chantal
,
1
12
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Munly
William C
. “
Problems in the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease
.”
American Journal of Public Health and the Nation’s Health
18
(
September
1928
):
1098
104
.
National High Blood Pressure Education Program
.
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7)
,
December
2003
. At .
Nelkin
Dorothy
, and
Tancredi
Laurence
.
Dangerous Diagnostics: The Social Power of Biological Information
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1989
.
Nelson
Alondra
. “
Bio Science: Genetic Genealogy Testing and the Pursuit of African Ancestry
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
(
2008
):
759
83
.
Nelson
Alondra
. “
The Factness of Diaspora: The Social Sources of Genetic Genealogy Testing
.” In
Revisiting Race in a Genomic Age
, edited by
Koenig
Barbara
,
Lee
Sandra Soo-Jin
, and
Richardson
Sarah S.
,
253
70
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2008
.
Nelson
Alondra
. “
The Inclusion-and-Difference Paradox: Review of Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research
, by Steven Epstein.
Social Identities
15
, no.
5
(
September
2009
):
741
43
.
Nelson
Alondra
.
Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight against Medical Discrimination
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2011
.
Nguyen
Vinh-Kim
. “
Antiretroviral Globalism, Biopolitics, and Therapeutic Citizenship
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, edited by
Ong
Aihwa
and
Collier
Stephen
,
124
44
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
NHLBI [National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]
.
Congestive Heart Failure Fact Sheet
. At .
NHLBI [National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]
. “
Data Fact Sheet: Congestive Heart Failure in the United States: A New Epidemic
.”
September
1996
. At .
NHLBI [National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]
. “
Framingham Heart Study: Design, Rationale, and Objectives
.” At .
NHLBI [National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute]
. “
Jackson Heart Study: Design, Rationale, and Objectives
.” At .
NHLBI and Boston University
.
You Changed America’s Heart: A 50th Anniversary Tribute to the Participants in the Framingham Heart Study
.
Pamphlet
.
1998
.
Nissen
Steven E
. “
Report from the Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee: U.S. Food and Drug Administration; June 15–16, 2005; Gaithersburg, Md
.”
Circulation
112
(
2005
):
2043
46
.
Omi
Michael
, and
Winant
Howard
.
Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s
. 2nd ed.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Omran
A. R
. “
The Epidemiologic Transition: A Theory of the Epidemiology of Population Change
.”
Milbank Quarterly
49
, no.
4
(
1971
):
509
38
.
Oppenheimer
Gerald
. “
Becoming the Framingham Study, 1947–1950
.”
American Journal of Public Health
95
(
2005
):
602
10
.
Oppenheimer
Gerald
. “
Profiling Risk: The Emergence of Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology in the United States (1940–1970)
.”
International Journal of Epidemiology
35
(
2006
):
720
30
.
Osborne
Newton G.
, and
Feit
Marvin D.
. “
The Use of Race in Medical Research
.”
JAMA
267
(
1992
):
275
79
.
Page
Irvine H
.
Hypertension Research: A Memoir, 1920–1960
.
New York
:
Pergamon Press
,
1988
.
Parthasarathy
Shobita
.
Building Genetic Medicine: Breast Cancer, Technology, and the Comparative Politics of Health Care
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2007
.
Patton
Cindy
. “
Migratory Vices
.” In
Queer Diasporas
, edited by
Patton
Cindy
and
Sanchez-Eppler
Benigno
,
15
36
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Payne
Thomas J.
et al
. “
Sociocultural Methods in the Jackson Heart Study: Conceptual and Descriptive Overview, Ethnicity and Disease
.”
Ethnicity and Disease
15
(Autumn
2005
):
S6-38
48
.
Peniston
Reginald L.
, and
Randall
Otelio S.
. “
Coronary Artery Disease in Black Americans, 1920–1960: The Shaping of Medical Opinion
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
81
, no.
5
(
1989
):
591
600
.
Penner
D’Ann R.
, and
Ferdinand
Keith C.
, eds.
Overcoming Katrina: African American Voices from the Crescent City and Beyond
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2009
.
Persson
Asha
. “
Incorporating Pharmakon: HIV, Medicine, and Body Shape Change
.”
Body and Society
10
(
2004
):
45
67
.
Peters
Rosalind M
. “
Racism and Hypertension among African Americans
.”
Western Journal of Nursing
26
, no.
6
(
2004
):
612
31
.
Petryna
Adriana
.
Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2002
.
Pollock
Anne
. “
Cultural Economy of Racialized Pharmaceuticals in the U.S.
,” in
Value of Transnational Medical Research: Labour, Participation and Care
, edited by
Kelly
Ann
and
Geissler
P. Wenzel
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2012
.
Pollock
Anne
. “
Pharmaceutical Meaning-Making beyond Marketing: Racialized Subjects of Generic Thiazide
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics
36
, no.
3
(
September
2008
):
530
36
.
Pollock
Anne
. “
Reading Friedan toward a Feminist Articulation of Heart Disease
.”
Body and Society
16
, no.
4
(
2010
):
77
97
.
Pollock
Anne
. “
Transforming the Critique of Big Pharma
.”
BioSocieties
6
, no.
1
(
March
2011
):
106
18
.
Porter
Theodore M
.
Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Postel-Vinay
Nicolas
, ed.
A Century of Arterial Hypertension: 1896–1996
.
Chichester, England
:
Wiley
,
1996
.
Postel-Vinay
Nicolas
, and
Corvol
Pierre
.
Le retour du Dr Knock: Essai sur le risque cardiovasculaire
.
Paris
:
Editions Odile Jacob
,
2000
.
Puckrein
Gary A
. “
The Acquisitive Impulse: Plantation Society, Factions, and the Origins of the Barbadian Civil War (1627–1652)
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Brown University
,
1978
.
Puckrein
Gary A
.
Little England: Plantation Society and Anglo-Barbadian Politics, 1627–1700
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1984
.
Rabinow
Paul
. “
Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality
.”
Essays on the Anthropology of Reason
,
91
111
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1996
.
Race
Kane
.
Pleasure Consuming Medicine: The Queer Politics of Drugs
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2009
.
Rajan
Kaushik Sunder
.
Biocapital: The Constitution of Postgenomic Life
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Rankins
J.
,
Wortham
J.
, and
Brown
L. L.
. “
Modifying Soul Food for the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet (DASH) Plan: Implications for Metabolic Syndrome (DASH of Soul)
.”
Ethnicity and Disease
17
(
Suppl 4
) (Summer
2007
):
S4-7
12
.
Rapp
Rayna
. “
Cell Life and Death, Child Life and Death: Genomic Horizons, Genetic Diseases, Family Stories
.” In
Remaking Life and Death: Toward an Anthropology of the Biosciences
, edited by
Franklin
Sarah
and
Lock
Margaret
,
129
64
.
Santa Fe
:
School of American Research Press
,
2003
.
Rasmussen
Nicolas
. “
The Moral Economy of the Drug Company—Medical Scientist Collaboration in Interwar America
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
, no.
2
(
2004
):
161
85
.
Reardon
Jenny
.
Race to the Finish: Identity and Governance in an Age of Genomics
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2004
.
Reardon
Jenny
. “
Race and Biology: Beyond the Perpetual Return of Crisis
.” In “Race and Genomics: Old Wine in New Bottles? Documents from a Transdisciplinary Discussion,” NTM
International Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
16
(
2008
):
373
77
.
Reardon
Jenny
. “
The Democratic, Anti-racist Genome? Technoscience at the Limits of Liberalism
.”
Science as Culture
21
, no.
1
(
2012
):
25
47
.
Reardon
Jenny
. “
The Postgenomic Condition: Technoscience at the Limits of Liberal Democratic Imaginaries
.” Unpublished manuscript.
Reiser
Stanley Joel
.
Medicine and the Reign of Technology
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1978
.
Report of the Committee on Medical Education on Colored Hospitals
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
2
(
1910
):
283
91
.
Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure
.”
JAMA
237
, no.
3
(
January
17
,
1977
):
255
61
.
Reverby
Susan
, ed.
Tuskegee’s Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2000
.
Riska
Elianne
. “
The Rise and Fall of Type A Man
.”
Social Science and Medicine
51
(
2000
):
1665
74
.
Riska
Elianne
. “
From Type A Man to the Hardy Man: Masculinity and Health
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
24
, no.
3
(
2002
):
347
58
.
Roberts
Charles Stewart
.
Life and Writings of Stewart R. Roberts, M.D.: Georgia’s First Heart Specialist
.
Spartanburg, S.C.
:
Reprint Company Publishers
,
1993
.
Roberts
Dorothy
.
Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1997
.
Roberts
Dorothy
. “
Is Race-Based Medicine Good for Us? African American Approaches to Race, Biomedicine, and Equality
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
36
, no.
3
(
September
2008
):
537
45
.
Roberts
Dorothy
. “
Race and the New Biocitizen
.” In
What’s the Use of Race? Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference
, edited by
Whitmarsh
Ian
and
Jones
David S.
,
259
76
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2010
.
Roberts
Dorothy
.
Fatal Invention: How Science, Politics, and Big Business Re-create Race in the Twenty-First Century
.
New York
:
New Press Books
,
2011
.
Roberts
Stewart R
. “
The Larger View of Heart Disease
.”
Southern Medical Journal
18
(
1925
):
391
95
.
Roberts
Stewart R
. “
Nervous and Mental Influences in Angina Pectoris
.”
American Heart Journal
7
(
1931
):
21
3
.
Rodwin
Marc A
. “
Drug Advertising, Continuing Medical Education, and Physician Prescribing: A Historical Review and Reform Proposal
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
38
, no.
4
(
Winter
2010
):
807
15
.
Roman
C. V
. “
Vitality of the Negroes: Comparison of Death Rate with That of the Whites
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
2
, no.
3
(
July–September
1910
):
180
81
.
Rose
Nikolas
.
The Politics of Life Itself: Biomedicine, Power, and Subjectivity in the Twenty-First Century
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2006
.
Rose
Nikolas
. “
Race, Risk and Medicine in the Age of ‘Your Own Personal Genome.’
Bio-Societies
3
, no.
4
(
December
2008
):
423
39
.
Rose
Nikolas
, and
Novas
Carlos
. “
Biological Citizenship
.” In
Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems
, edited by
Ong
Aihwa
and
Collier
Stephen
,
439
63
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
2005
.
Rosenberg
Charles E
. “
What Is Disease? In Memory of Owsei Temkin
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
77
, no.
3
(
Fall
2003
):
491
505
.
Rosengarten
Marsha
.
HIV Interventions: Biomedicine and the Traffic between Information and Flesh
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
,
2009
.
Rothstein
William G
.
Public Health and the Risk Factor: A History of an Uneven Medical Revolution
.
Rochester
:
University of Rochester Press
,
2003
.
Sade
Robert M
. “
What’s Right (and Wrong) with Racially Stratified Research and Therapies
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
99
, no.
6
(
June
2007
):
693
96
.
Sailer
Steve
. “
Race Flat-Earthers Dangerous to Everyone’s Health
.”
May
11
,
2003
. At .
Samsky
Ari
. “
Since We Are Taking the Drugs: Labor and Value in Two International Drug Donation Programs
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
4
, no.
1
(
2011
):
27
43
.
Sankar
Pamela
, and
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
BiDil: Race Medicine or Race Marketing?
Health Affairs
24
(
July–December
2005
):
W5-455
63
.
Savitt
Todd L
. “
Abraham Flexner and the Black Medical Schools
.” In
Race and Medicine in Nineteenth-and Early-Twentieth-Century America
,
252
66
.
Kent, Ohio
:
Kent State University Press
,
2007
.
Schwab
Edward H.
, and
Schulze
Victor E.
. “
Heart Disease in the American Negro of the South
.”
American Heart Journal
7
(
1932
):
710
17
.
Scott
James
.
Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1999
.
Sehgal
Ashwini R
. “
Overlap between Whites and Blacks in Response to Antihypertensive Drugs
.”
Hypertension
43
(
2004
):
566
72
.
Sempos
Christopher T.
,
Bild
Diane E.
, and
Manolio
Teri
. “
Overview of the Jackson Heart Study: A Study of Cardiovascular Diseases in African American Men and Women
.”
American Journal of the Medical Sciences
317
, no.
3
(
March
1999
):
142
46
.
Shah
Nayan
.
Contagious Divides: Epidemics and Race in San Francisco’s Chinatown
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2001
.
Shamsham
Fadi
, and
Mitchell
Judith
. “
Essentials of the Diagnosis of Heart Failure
.”
American Family Physician
61
, no.
5
(
2000
):
1319
28
.
Shim
Janet K
. “
Bio-power and Racial, Class, and Gender Formation in Biomedical Knowledge Production
.”
Research in the Sociology of Health Care
17
(
2000
):
173
95
.
Shim
Janet K
. “
Understanding the Routinised Inclusion of Race, Socioeconomic Status and Sex in Epidemiology: The Utility of Concepts from Technoscience Studies
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
24
, no.
2
(
2002
):
129
50
.
Shim
Janet K
. “
Constructing ‘Race’ across the Science-Lay Divide: Racial Formation in the Epidemiology and Experience of Cardiovascular Disease
.”
Social Studies of Science
35
, no.
3
(
2005
):
405
36
.
Skinner
David
. “
Racialised Futures: Biologism and the Changing Politics of Identity
.”
Social Studies of Science
36
, no.
3
(
2006
):
459
88
.
Skinner
David
. “
Groundhog Day? The Strange Case of Sociology, Race and ‘Science.’
Sociology
41
, no.
5
(
2007
):
931
43
.
Sloane
David Charles
, and
Sloane
Beverlie Conant
.
Medicine Moves to the Mall
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2003
.
Smedley
B. D.
,
Stith
A. Y.
, and
Nelson
A. R.
, eds.
Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care
.
Washington
:
National Academies Press
,
2002
.
Smith
David Barton
.
Health Care Divided: Race and Healing a Nation
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
,
1999
.
Smith
Lindsay
.
Subversive Genes: Re(con)stituting Identity, Family, and Human Rights in Argentina
.
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Harvard University
,
2008
.
Smith
Susan
.
Sick of Being Sick and Tired: Black Women’s Health Activism in America, 1890–1950
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1995
.
Smith
T. Manuel
. “
Coronary Atherosclerosis in the Negro
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
38
, no.
6
(
1946
):
193
202
.
Sontag
Susan
.
Illness as Metaphor
.
New York
:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
,
1978
.
Stark
David
.
The Sense of Dissonance: Accounts of Worth in Economic Life
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2009
.
Steenburgh
Jason van
. “
Diuretics for Hypertension Get a Big Boost, But Will Data Change Prescribing Patterns?
American College of Physicians Observer
,
April
2003
, at .
Stevens
Rosemary
.
In Sickness and in Wealth: American Hospitals in the Twentieth Century
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1989
.
Stocking
George
Jr
. “
The Turn-of-the-Century Concept of Race
.”
Modernism/Modernity
1
, no.
1
(
1994
):
4
16
.
Stoler
Ann Laura
.
Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Stoler
Ann Laura
. “
Racial Histories and Their Regimes of Truth
.”
Political Power and Social Theory
11
(
1997
):
183
206
.
Stoler
Ann Laura
.
Along the Archival Grain: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2009
.
Susser
Mervyn
. “
Epidemiology in the United States after World War II: The Evolution of Technique
.”
Epidemiologic Reviews
7
(
1985
):
147
77
.
Tallbear
Kimberly
. “
Narratives of Race and Indigeneity in the National Genographic Project
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
35
, no.
3
(
Fall
2007
):
412
24
.
Tapper
Melbourne
.
In the Blood: Sickle Cell Anemia and the Politics of Race
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1999
.
Taylor
A. L.
,
Ziesche
S.
,
Yancy
C.
,
Carson
P.
,
D’Agostino
R.
Jr
,
Ferdinand
K.
,
Taylor
M.
,
Adams
K.
,
Sabolinski
M.
,
Worcel
M.
, and
Cohn
J. N.
;
the African-American Heart Failure Trial Investigators
. “
Combination of Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine in Blacks with Heart Failure
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
351
(
2004
):
2049
57
.
Taylor
Herman A
. “
The Jackson Heart Study: An Overview
.”
Ethnicity and Disease
15
(Autumn
2005
):
S6-1
3
.
Taylor
Herman A.
et al
. “
Toward Resolution of Cardiovascular Health Disparities in African Americans: Design and Methods of the Jackson Heart Study
.”
Ethnicity and Disease
15
(Autumn
2005
) (
Suppl 6
):
S6 4
17
.
Taylor
J. Madison
. “
Remarks on the Health of the Colored People
.” Address to the Colored Convention, Varrick Memorial Temple, February.
Journal of the National Medical Association
7
(
1915
):
160
63
.
Taylor
Verta
.
Rock-a-By Baby: Feminism, Self-Help, and Post-partum Depression
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Temple
Robert
, and
Stockbridge
Norman L.
. “
BiDil for Heart Failure in Black Patients: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Perspective
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
146
(
January
2
,
2007
):
57
62
.
Terry
C. E
. “
The Negro: His Relation to Public Health in the South
.”
American Journal of Public Health
3
(
1913
):
300
306
.
Thomas
Patricia
. “
In the Trenches of Framingham
.”
Medical World News
,
October
12
,
1987
,
68
70
.
Thompson
Warren S
. “
Population
.”
American Journal of Sociology
34
, no.
6
(
May
1929
):
959
75
.
Timmermans
Stefan
. “
Making the Case for Heart Disease
.” In
Postmortem: How Medical Examiners Explain Suspicious Deaths
,
35
73
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2006
.
Timmermans
Stefan
, and
Berg
Marc
.
The Gold Standard: The Challenge of Evidence-Based Medicine and Standardization in Health Care
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
2003
.
Tobbell
Dominique
. “
Allied against Reform: Pharmaceutical Industry–Academic Physician Relations in the United States, 1945–1970
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
82
, no.
4
(
Winter
2008
):
878
912
.
Tomes
Nancy
. “
The Great American Medicine Show Revisited
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
79
, no.
4
(
Winter
2005
):
627
63
.
Tone
Andrea
.
Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1994
.
Townes
Emilie M
.
Breaking the Fine Rain of Death: African American Health Issues and a Womanist Ethic of Care
.
New York
:
Continuum
,
1998
.
Trask
Larry
. “
Guide to Punctuation: Scare Quotes
.”
University of Sussex
,
England
. At .
Turkle
Sherry
. “
Whither Psychoanalysis in Computer Culture?
Psychoanalytic Psychology
21
(
2004
):
16
30
.
Turkle
Sherry
, ed.
Evocative Objects: Things We Think With
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2007
.
Turkle
Sherry
.
Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2011
.
Tutton
Richard
. “
Promising Pessimism: Reading the Futures to Be Avoided in Biotech
.”
Social Studies of Science
41
, no.
3
(
June
2011
):
411
29
.
Vonderlehr
R. A
. “
Untreated Syphilis in the Male Negro
.”
Venereal Disease Information
17
(
1936
):
260
65
.
Vrecko
Scott
. “
Birth of a Brain Disease: Science, the State and Addiction Neuropolitics
.”
History of the Human Sciences
23
, no.
4
(
2010
):
52
67
.
Wade
Peter
.
Race, Nature and Culture: An Anthropological Perspective
.
London
:
Pluto Press
,
2002
.
Wagner
Sarah
.
To Know Where He Lies: DNA Technology and the Search for Srebrenica’s Missing
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2008
.
Wailoo
Keith
.
Dying in the City of the Blues: Sickle Cell Anemia and the Politics of Race and Health
.
Chapel Hill
:
University of North Carolina Press
,
2001
.
Wailoo
Keith
. “
Stigma, Race, and Disease in 20th Century America
.”
Lancet
367
(
2006
):
531
33
.
Wailoo
Keith
.
How Cancer Crossed the Color Line
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2011
.
Wailoo
Keith
, and
Pemberton
Stephen
.
The Troubled Dream of Genetic Medicine: Ethnicity and Innovation in Tay-Sachs, Cystic Fibrosis, and Sickle Cell Disease
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2006
.
Wald
Priscilla
.
Contagious: Cultures, Carriers, and the Outbreak Narrative
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Washington
Harriet A
.
Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present
.
New York
:
Doubleday
,
2006
.
Watson
Karol E.
, and
Fonarow
Greg
. “
Adherence to Best Practices: How Do Patient Race and Gender Affect Physician Performance?
Cardiovascular Risk Reports
1
(
2007
):
102
7
.
Weatherford
W. D
.
Negro Life in the South: Present Conditions and Needs
. Rev. ed.
New York
:
New York Association Press
,
1918
.
Weiner
Kate
. “
Exploring Genetic Responsibility for the Self, Family and Kin in the Case of Hereditary Raised Cholesterol
.”
Social Science and Medicine
72
(
June
2011
):
1760
67
.
Weiner
Kate
, and
Martin
Paul
. “
A Genetic Future for Coronary Heart Disease?
Sociology of Health and Illness
30
, no.
3
(
2008
):
380
95
.
Weisse
Allen B
.
Heart to Heart: The Twentieth-Century Battle against Cardiac Disease: An Oral History
.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2002
.
Welsing
Frances Cress
. “
Blacks, Hypertension, and the Active Skin Melanocyte
.”
Urban Health
4
(
1975
):
64
72
.
Welsing
Frances Cress
.
The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors
.
Chicago
:
Third World Press
,
1990
.
West
C. S’thembile
. “
Honoring the Body: Rituals of Breath and Breathing
.” In
Faith, Health, and Healing in African American Life
, edited by
Mitchem
Stephanie
and
Townes
Emilie M.
,
96
108
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Praeger
,
2008
.
West
Cornel
. “
On Prophetic Pragmatism
.” In
The Cornel West Reader
,
149
74
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1999
.
Wheelwright
Jeff
. “
Human, Study Thyself: Learning Series: Genes, Race, and Medicine
.”
Discover
26
, no.
3
(
March
2005
). At .
White
Paul Dudley
.
Heart Disease
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
1931
.
White
Paul Dudley
,
Parton
Margaret
.
My Life and Medicine: An Autobiographical Memoir
.
Boston
:
Gambit
,
1971
.
Whitmarsh
Ian
. “
Biomedical Ambivalence: Asthma Diagnosis, the Pharmaceutical, and Other Contradictions in Barbados
.”
American Ethnologist
35
, no.
1
(
February
2008
):
49
63
.
Williams
Patricia
. “
Spare Parts, Family Values, Old Children, Cheap
.” In
Critical Race Feminism: A Reader
, edited by
Wing
Adrien Katherine
,
159
66
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
1997
.
Williams
Richard Allen
.
Textbook of Black Related Diseases
.
New York
:
McGraw-Hill
,
1975
.
Williams
Richard Allen
.
Eliminating Healthcare Disparities in America: Beyond the IOM Report
.
Totowa, N.J.
:
Humana Press
,
2007
.
Williams
Simon J.
,
Martin
Paul
, and
Gabe
Jonathan
. “
The Pharmaceuticalisation of Society? A Framework for Analysis
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
33
, no.
5
(
July
2011
):
710
25
.
Wilson
Elizabeth
.
Psychosomatic: Feminism and the Neurological Body
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2004
.
Wilson
Elizabeth
. “
The Work of Antidepressants: Preliminary Notes on How to Build an Alliance between Feminism and Psychopharmacology
.”
BioSocieties
1
(
2006
):
125
31
.
Wilson
T. W.
, and
Grim
C. E.
. “
Biohistory of Slavery and Blood Pressure Differences in Blacks Today: A Hypothesis
.”
Hypertension
17
(
1991
) (
Suppl I
):
122
28
.
Woodward
G. N
. “
Racial Health: Presidential Address
.” Presented at the
annual meeting of the John A. Andrew Clinical Society
,
Tuskegee Institute, Ala.
,
April 1924
.
Journal of the National Medical Association
16
(
1924
):
177
79
.
Wright
Jackson T.
Jr
,
Brundage
W. Fitzhugh
, and
Mackowiak
Philip A.
. “
A 59-Year-Old Man with ‘Racial Characteristics.’
Journal of Clinical Hypertension
9
(
2007
):
128
33
.
Wright
Jackson T.
Jr
,
Dunn
J. Kay
,
Cutler
Jeffrey A.
,
Davis
Barry R.
,
Cushman
William C.
,
Ford
Charles E.
,
Haywood
L. Julian
,
Leenen
Frans H. H.
,
Margolis
Karen L.
,
Papademetriou
Vasilios
,
Probstfield
Jeffrey L.
,
Whelton
Paul K.
, and
Habib
Gabriel B.
;
for the ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group
. “
Outcomes in Hypertensive Black and Nonblack Patients Treated with Chlorthalidone, Amlodipine, and Lisinopril
.”
JAMA
293
(
April
6
,
2005
):
1595
608
.
Wright
Louis T
. “
Health Problems of the Negro
.”
Interracial Review
8
(
January
1935
):
6
8
.
Wyatt
Sharon
,
Diekelmann
Nancy
,
Henderson
Frances
,
Andrew
Michael E.
,
Billingsley
Gloria
,
Felder
Sherry H.
,
Fuqua
Sonja
, and
Jackson
Priscilla B.
. “
A Community-Driven Model of Research Participation: The Jackson Heart Study Participant Recruitment and Retention Study
.”
Ethnicity and Disease
13
(
2003
):
438
55
.
Wyatt
Sharon
et al
.
Community-Driven Model of Recruitment: The Jackson Heart Study: A Final Report of the Jackson Heart Study Participant Recruitment and Retention Study
. Presented to the
NHBLI
,
November 30, 1999
.
The Jackson Heart Study
,
Jackson, Miss
.
Wyatt
S. B.
,
Williams
D. R.
,
Calvin
R.
,
Henderson
F. C.
,
Walker
E. R.
, and
Winters
K.
. “
Racism and Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans
.”
American Journal of the Medical Sciences
325
, no.
6
(
June
2003
):
315
31
.
Yu
Joon-Ho
,
Goering
Sara
, and
Fullerton
Stephanie
. “
Race-Based Medicine and Justice as Recognition: Exploring the Phenomenon of BiDil
,”
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
18
(
2009
):
57
67
.
Zane
Jeffrey
, and
Jeffries
Judson L.
. “
A Panther Sighting in the Pacific Northwest: The Seattle Chapter of the Black Panther Party
.” In
On the Ground: The Black Panther Party in Communities across America
, edited by
Jeffries
Judson L.
.
Jackson
:
University of Mississippi Press
,
2010
.
Žižek
Slavoj
.
The Sublime Object of Ideology
.
London
:
Verso
,
1989
.
Žižek
Slavoj
.
The Puppet and the Dwarf: The Perverse Core of Christianity
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2003
.
Žižek
Slavoj
, and
Milbank
John
. “
Dialectical Clarity versus the Misty Conceit of Paradox
.” In
The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic?
, edited by
Davis
Creston
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2009
.
Zola
Irving
. “
Medicine as an Institution of Social Control
.”
Sociological Review
20
(
1972
):
487
504
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Abu-Jamal
Mumia
.
We Want Freedom: A Life in the Black Panther Party
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
2004
.
Acierno
L. J
.
The History of Cardiology
.
Pearl River, N.Y.
:
Parthenon Publishing Group
,
1994
.
Adams
J. M
. “
Some Racial Differences in Blood Pressure and Morbidity in Groups of White and Colored Workmen
.”
American Journal of the Medical Sciences
184
(
1932
):
342
50
.
Agamben
Georgio
.
Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life
.
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1998
.
Agar
Jon
. “
What Difference Did Computers Make?
Social Studies of Science
36
(
2006
):
869
907
.
Allen
Gerald E
. “
The Hydra and Its Many Heads
.”
GeneWatch
19
, no.
5
(
September–October
2006
):
3
8
.
Allen
James P.
, and
Turner
Eugene
. “
Boston’s Emerging Ethnic Quilt: A Geographic Perspective
.”
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America
,
Boston
,
April 1, 2004
. At .
Allen
L. C
. “
The Negro Health Problem
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
(
1915
):
194
203
.
Althusser
Louis
.
For Marx
. Translated by
Brewster
Ben
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1965
.
Althusser
Louis
. “
Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses
.” In
Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays
, translated by
Brewster
Ben
,
127
86
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
,
1971
.
American Heart Association
.
Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics: 2010 Update At-a-Glance
.
December
2009
. At .
Amersbach
Gabriele
. “
Through the Lens of Race: Unequal Health Care in America
.”
Harvard Public Health Review
, Winter
2002
. At .
Anderson
Benedict
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
.
London
:
Verso
,
1983
.
Anderson
Warwick
.
The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
2003
.
Anderson
Warwick
. “
Teaching ‘Race’ in Medical School
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
(
2008
):
785
800
.
Ando
Katsuyuki
, and
Fujita
Toshiro
. “
Anti-diabetic Effect of Blockade of the Renin-Angiotensin System
.”
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
8
(
July
2006
):
396
403
.
Angell
Marcia
.
The Truth about the Drug Companies: How They Deceive Us and What to Do about It
.
New York
:
Random House
,
2004
.
Angus
Derek
et al
. “
Cost Effectiveness of Fixed-Dose Combination of Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine Therapy for Blacks with Heart Failure
,”
Circulation
112
(
2005
):
3745
53
.
Angus
Derek
et al
. “
Heart Failure; Study Finds That African-American Heart Failure Drug Is Cost Effective
.”
Heart Disease Weekly
,
January
8
,
2006
,
84
.
Appiah
Kwame Anthony
.
Experiments in Ethics
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2008
.
Investigators
ARIC
. “
The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study: Design and Objectives
.”
American Journal of Epidemiology
129
(
1989
):
687
702
.
Armelagos
George J
. “
The Slavery Hypertension Hypothesis—Natural Selection and Scientific Investigation: A Commentary
.”
Transforming Anthropology
13
(
2005
):
119
24
.
Aronowitz
Robert A
.
Making Sense of Illness: Science, Society and Disease
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1998
.
Aronson
Jay
.
Genetic Witness: Science, Law, and Controversy in the Making of DNA Profiling
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2007
.
Baker
Benjamin M
. “
Certain Aspects of Syphilitic Cardiac Disease
.”
Venereal Disease Information
12
(
September
20
,
1931
):
471
.
Baker
Lee
.
From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 1896–1954
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1998
.
Barthes
Roland
.
Mythologies
. Translated by
Levers
Annette
.
New York
:
Hill and Wang
,
1972
.
Bays
Robert P.
, and
Scrimshaw
Nevin S.
. “
Facts and Fallacies Regarding the Blood Pressure of Different Regional and Racial Groups
.”
Circulation
8
(
1953
):
655
63
.
Benjamin
Ruha
. “
A Lab of Their Own: Genomic Sovereignty as Postcolonial Science Policy
.”
Policy and Society
28
, no.
4
(
2009
):
341
55
.
Benjamin
Ruha
. “
Organized Ambivalence: When Sickle Cell Disease and Stem Cell Research Converge
.”
Ethnicity and Health
16
, no.
4–5
(
August–October
2011
):
447
63
.
Benjamin
Walter
. “
The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
, translated by
Zohn
H.
,
217
52
.
New York
:
Schocken
,
1968
.
Berg
Marc
. “
Practices of Reading and Writing: The Constitutive Role of the Patient Record in Medical Work
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
18
, no.
4
(
1996
):
499
524
.
Berg
Marc
, and
Mol
Annemarie
.
Differences in Medicine: Unraveling Practices, Techniques, and Bodies
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Bethea
Dennis A
. “
Some Significant Negro Movements to Lower Their Mortality
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
22
, no.
2
(
1930
):
85
88
.
Bhabha
Homi
.
The Location of Culture
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1994
.
Bibbins-Domingo
Kirsten
, and
Fernandez
Alicia
. “
BiDil for Heart Failure in Black Patients: Implications of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approval
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
146
(
January
2007
):
52
56
.
Biehl
João
. “
Pharmaceuticalization: AIDS Treatment and Global Health Politics
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
80
, no.
4
(
Fall
2007
):
1083
126
.
Biehl
João
.
The Will to Live: AIDS Therapies and the Politics of Survival
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2008
.
Bing
Richard J
.
Cardiology: The Evolution of the Science and the Art
. 2nd ed.
New Brunswick
:
Rutgers University Press
,
1999
.
Birke
Lynda
. “
The Heart: A Broken Metaphor?
” In
Feminism and the Biological Body
,
112
34
.
Edinburgh
:
Edinburgh University Press
,
1999
.
Birnie
C. W
. “
The Influence of Environment and Race on Diseases
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
2
, no.
4
(
1910
):
243
51
.
Blackburn
Henry
. “
Oral History: Interview with Felix Moore
.”
August
8
,
1989
,
Granlibakken, California
. At .
Blackburn
Henry
. “
Oral History: Interview with Dr. William Kannel
.”
February
23
,
2002
,
Palm Beach Florida
. Excerpts at .
Blackman
Lisa
. “
Psychiatric Culture and Bodies of Resistance
.”
Body and Society
13
, no.
2
(
June
2007
):
1
23
.
Bloche
M. Gregg
. “
Race-Based Therapeutics
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
351
(
November
11
,
2004
):
2035
37
.
Bousfield
M. O
. “
Reaching the Negro Community
.”
American Journal of Public Health
24
(
1934
):
209
15
.
Bowker
Geoffrey C.
, and
Star
Susan Leigh
.
Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
1999
.
Braithwaite
Ronald L.
,
Taylor
Sandra E.
, and
Austin
John N.
.
Building Health Coalitions in the Black Community
.
Thousand Oaks, Calif.
:
Sage
,
2000
.
Brandt
Allan M
. “
Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
.”
Hastings Center Report
8
(
December
1978
):
21
29
.
Brandt
Allan M.
, and
Sloane
David C.
. “
Of Beds and Benches: Building the Modern American Hospital
.” In
The Architecture of Science
, edited by
Galison
Peter
and
Thompson
Emily
,
281
308
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
1999
.
Braun
Lundy
. “
Race, Ethnicity, and Health: Can Genetics Explain Disparities?
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
45
(
Spring
2002
):
159
74
.
Bridges
Khiara
.
Reproducing Race: An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2011
.
Briggs
Charles
, and
Mantini-Briggs
Clara
.
Stories in the Time of Cholera: Racial Profiling during a Medical Nightmare
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Brooks
Walter
. “
Hypertension Expert on Research, Recruitment, and Soul Food
.”
February
10
,
2004
. At .
Brown
Michael K.
,
Carnoy
Martin
,
Currie
Elliott
,
Duster
Troy
,
Oppenheimer
David B.
,
Shultz
Marjorie M.
, and
Wellman
David
.
Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Brown
Roscoe C
. “
The National Negro Health Week Movement
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
July
1937
):
553
64
.
Brunner
William F
. “
The Negro Health Problem in Southern Cities
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
(
1915
):
183
90
.
Bud
Robert
.
Penicillin: Triumph and Tragedy
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2007
.
Butler
Judith
.
Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.”
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Bynum
William F.
,
Lawrence
Christopher
, and
Nutton
Vivian
, eds.
The Emergence of Modern Cardiology
.
London
:
Wellcome
,
1985
.
Byrd
W. Michael
, and
Clayton
Linda A.
.
An American Health Dilemma: A Medical History of African Americans and the Problem of Race, Beginnings to 1900
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Byrd
W
.
An American Health Dilemma, vol. 2, Race, Medicine, and Health Care in the United States, 1900–2000
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Callon
Michel
. “
Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Brieuc Bay
.” In
Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge?
, edited by
Law
John
,
196
223
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1986
.
Canguilhem
Georges
.
The Normal and the Pathological
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1991
.
Carlson
Rick J
. “
The Case of BiDil: A Policy Commentary on Race and Genetics: The Debate between Sociologists and Biologists Is Just the Beginning, When It Comes to Genomics and Race
.”
Health Affairs
24
(
July–December
2005
):
464
68
.
Carruthers
Bruce G.
, and
Babb
Sarah L.
.
Economy/Society: Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure
.
Thousand Oaks, Calif.
:
Pine Forge Press
,
2000
.
Carson
P.
,
Ziesche
S.
,
Johnson
G.
,
Cohn
J. N.
, and
Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial Study Group
. “
Racial Differences in Response to Therapy for Heart Failure: Analysis of the Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trials
.”
Journal of Cardiac Failure
5
(
1999
):
178
87
.
CDER [Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration Center for Drug Evaluation and Research]
. “
Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee, Volume II
.”
Gaithersburg, Md.
,
June
16
,
2005
. At .
Chambers
Jason
. “
Equal in Every Way: African Americans, Consumption and Materialism from Reconstruction to the Civil Rights Movement
.”
Advertising and Society Review
7
, no.
1
(
2006
): DOI: .
Chepesiuk
Ron
, and
Jones
Joyce
. “
Are Race-Specific Drugs Unethical?
Black Enterprise
(
November
2005
):
37
.
Chun
Wendy Hui Kyong
.
Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2006
.
Clarke
Adele
,
Shim
Janet K.
,
Mamo
Laura
,
Fosket
Jennifer Ruth
, and
Fishman
Jennifer R.
. “
Biomedicalization: Technoscientific Transformations of Health, Illness, and U.S. Biomedicine
.”
American Sociological Review
68
, no.
2
(
April
2003
):
161
94
.
Clough
Patricia Ticineto
, and
Halley
Jean
, eds.
The Affective Turn: Theorizing the Social
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Cohen
Lizabeth
.
A Consumers’ Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America
.
New York
:
Vintage
,
2003
.
Cohn
J. N.
et al
. “
Effect of Vasodilator Therapy on Mortality in Chronic Congestive Heart Failure: Results of a Veterans Administration Cooperative Study
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
314
(
1986
):
1547
52
.
Cohn
J. N.
et al
. “
A Comparison of Enalapril with Hydralazine-Isosorbide Dinitrate in the Treatment of Chronic Congestive Heart Failure
.”
New England Journal of Medicine
325
(
1991
):
303
10
.
Cohn
Jay
. “
The Use of Race and Ethnicity in Medicine: Lessons from the African American Heart Failure Trial
.”
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
34
(
Fall
2006
):
552
54
.
Conrad
Peter
. “
Medicalization and Social Control
.”
Annual Review of Sociology
18
(
1992
):
209
32
.
Conrad
Peter
. “
The Shifting Engines of Medicalization
.”
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
46
(
2005
):
3
14
.
Conroy
R. M
. “
From Epidemiological Risk to Clinical Practice by Way of Statistics—A Personal View
.” In
Therapeutic Strategies in Cardiovascular Risk
, edited by
Graham
I. M.
and
D’Agostino
R. B.
.
Oxford
:
Clinical Publishing
,
2008
.
Cooper
R.
, and
Rotimi
C.
. “
Hypertension in Populations of West African Origin: Is There a Genetic Predisposition?
Journal of Hypertension
12
(
1994
):
215
27
.
Cooper
R.
, and
Rotimi
C.
. “
Hypertension in Blacks
,”
American Journal of Hypertension
10
(
July
1997
):
804
12
.
Cooper
R.
et al
. “
The Prevalence of Hypertension in Seven Populations of West African Origin
.”
American Journal of Public Health
87
, no.
2
(
1997
):
160
68
.
Cooper
Richard
, and
David
Richard
. “
The Biological Concept of Race and Its Application to Public Health and Epidemiology
.”
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
11
(
Spring
1986
):
97
116
.
Crawley
LaVera
. “
The Paradox of Race in the BiDil® Debate
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
99
, no.
7
(
July
2007
):
821
22
.
Crenshaw
Kimberlé Williams
. “
Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Anti-discrimination Law
.”
Harvard Law Review
101
, no.
7
(
May
1988
):
1331
87
.
Curtin
Philip D
. “
The Slavery Hypothesis for Hypertension among African Americans: The Historical Evidence
.”
American Journal of Public Health
82
, no.
12
(
1992
):
1681
86
.
Das
Veena
, and
Das
Ranendra K.
. “
Pharmaceuticals in Urban Ecologies: The Register of the Local
.” In
Global Pharmaceuticals: Ethics, Markets, Practices
, edited by
Petryna
Adriana
,
Lakoff
Andrew
, and
Kleinman
Arthur
,
171
205
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Davis
B. R.
,
Cutler
J. A.
,
Gordon
D. J.
,
Furberg
C. D.
,
Wright
J. T.
Jr
,
Cushman
W. C.
,
Grimm
R. H.
,
LaRosa
J.
,
Whelton
P. K.
,
Perry
H. M.
,
Alderman
M. H.
,
Ford
C. E.
,
Oparil
S.
,
Francis
C.
,
Proschan
M.
,
Pressel
S.
,
Black
H. R.
, and
Hawkins
C. M.
;
for the ALLHAT Research Group
. “
Rationale and Design for the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
.”
American Journal of Hypertension
9
(
1996
):
342
60
.
Davis
Sharon K.
,
Quarells
Rakale Collins
, and
Gibbons
Gary H.
. “
Hypertension in African American Communities
.” In
Health Issues in the Black Community
, edited by
Braithwaite
Ronald L.
and
Taylor
Sandra E.
,
233
58
.
San Francisco
:
Wiley
,
2009
.
Dawber
Thomas Royle
.
The Framingham Study: The Epidemiology of Atherosclerotic Disease
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1980
.
Dawber
T. R.
,
Kannel
W. B.
, and
Friedman
G. D.
. “
The Use of Computers in Cardiovascular Epidemiology
.”
Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
5
(
1963
):
406
17
.
Dawber
Thomas
,
Kannel
William B.
,
Revotskie
Nicholas
,
Stokes
Joseph
III
,
Kagan
Abraham
, and
Gordon
Tavia
. “
Some Factors Associated with the Development of Coronary Heart Disease—Six Years’ Follow-Up Experience in the Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
49
(
October
1959
):
1349
56
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Meadors
Gilcin F.
, and
Moore
Felix
Jr
. “
Epidemiological Approaches to Heart Disease: The Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
41
, no.
3
(
March
1951
):
279
86
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
, and
Moore
Felix E.
. “
Longitudinal Study of Heart Disease in Framingham, Massachusetts: An Interim Report
.”
Research in Public Health: 1951 Annual Conference of the Milbank Memorial Fund
.
New York
:
Milbank Memorial Fund
,
1952
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Moore
Felix E.
, and
Mann
George V.
. “
Coronary Heart Disease in the Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Public Health
47
(
April
1957
):
4
24
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Pearson
Georgiana
,
Anderson
Patricia
,
Mann
George V.
,
Kannel
William
,
Shurtleff
Dewey
, and
McNamara
Patricia
. “
Dietary Assessment in the Epidemiologic Study of Coronary Heart Disease: The Framingham Study
.”
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
11
(
September
1962
):
226
34
.
Dawber
Thomas R.
et al
.
1967
. “
Environmental Factors in Hypertension
.” In
The Epidemiology of Hypertension: Proceedings of an International Symposium
, a meeting sponsored by the
Chicago Heart Association and the American Heart Association
,
Chicago
,
February 3–7, 1964
. Edited by
Stamler
J.
,
Stamler
R.
, and
Pullman
T. N.
.
New York
:
Grune and Stratton
,
1967
.
Denton
Derek
.
1982
.
The Hunger for Salt: An Anthropological, Physiological, and Medical Analysis
.
New York
:
Springer Verlag
.
Derrida
Jacques
. “
Plato’s Pharmacy
.” In
Dissemination
, translated by
Johnson
Barbara
,
61
171
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1981
.
Derrida
Jacques
.
The Gift of Death
. Translated by
Wills
David
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1996
.
Derrida
Jacques
. “
Remarks on Deconstruction and Pragmatism
.” In
Deconstruction and Pragmatism
, edited by
Mouffe
Chantal
,
77
88
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
DHEW (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service)
.
National High Blood Pressure Education Program: Report to the Hypertension Information and Education Advisory Committee: Task Force III Community Education
,
September
1
,
1973
.
National Library of Medicine
,
Bethesda, Md
.
DHEW (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service)
.
Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension: A Nationwide Survey of Physicians’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Reported Behavior: Conducted for the Food and Drug Administration and the National High Blood Pressure Education Program, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 79-1056,
1979
.
National Library of Medicine
,
Bethesda, Md
.
Diamond
Jared
, and
Rotter
Jerome I.
. “
Evolution of Human Genetic Diseases
.” In
The Genetic Basis of Common Diseases
, edited by
King
Richard Allen
,
Rotter
Jerome I.
, and
Motulsky
Arno G.
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2002
.
Dimsdale
Joel E
. “
Stalked by the Past: The Influence of Ethnicity on Health
.”
Psychosomatic Medicine
62
(
2000
):
161
70
.
Din-Dzietham
R.
,
Nembhard
W. N.
,
Collins
R.
, and
Davis
S. K.
. “
Perceived Stress Following Race-Based Discrimination at Work Is Associated with Hypertension in African-Americans: The Metro Atlanta Heart Disease Study, 1999–2001
.”
Social Science and Medicine
58
, no.
3
(
February
2004
):
449
61
.
Douglas
Janice G.
,
Bakris
George L.
,
Epstein
Murray
,
Ferdinand
Keith C.
,
Ferrario
Carlos
,
Flack
John M.
,
Jamerson
Kenneth A.
et al
. “
Management of High Blood Pressure in African Americans: Consensus Statement of the Hypertension in African Americans Working Group of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks
.”
Archives of Internal Medicine
163
(
March
10
,
2003
):
525
41
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
Factors in American Mortality: A Study of Death Rates in the Race Stocks of New York State, 1910
.”
American Economic Review
6
, no.
3
(
September
1916
):
523
48
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
The Health of the Negro
.”
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
140
(
1928
):
77
85
.
Dublin
Louis I
. “
The Problem of Negro Health as Revealed by Vital Statistics
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
1937
):
268
75
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
.
The Philadelphia Negro
.
New York
:
Lippincott
,
1899
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
.
The Health and Physique of the Negro American: Report of a Social Study Made under the Direction of Atlanta University; Together with the Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems
(
Atlanta
:
Atlanta University Press
,
1906
). Excerpts reprinted as W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, “Voices from the Past: The Health and Physique of the Negro American,” American Journal of Public Health 93, no. 2 (February 2003): 272–76.
Duhart
Olympia
. “
Killing Us Softly: The Hypertension Threat
,”
Healthquest: Total Wellness for Mind, Body, and Spirit
12
(
February
28
,
1996
):
6
9
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Drugs for Life
.”
Molecular Interventions
2
, no.
3
(
2002
):
124
27
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Is It Me or My Brain? Depression and Neuroscientific Facts
.”
Journal of Medical Humanities
24
, nos.
1–2
(Summer
2003
):
35
47
.
Dumit
Joseph
.
Picturing Personhood: Brain Scans and Biomedical Identity
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Dumit
Joseph
. “
Pharmaceutical Witnessing: Drugs for Life in an Era of Direct-to-Consumer Advertising
.” In
Technologized Images, Technologized Bodies
, edited by
Edwards
Jeanette
,
Harvey
Penelope
, and
Wade
Peter
,
37
60
.
Oxford
:
Berghahn Books
,
2010
.
Dumit
Joseph
.
Drugs for Life: How Pharmaceutical Companies Define Our Health
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press, forthcoming
.
Dunklee
Brady
,
Reardon
Jenny
, and
Wentworth
Kara
.
2006
. “
Race and Crisis
.”
Social Science Research Council Forum: Is Race Real?
At .
Duster
Troy
. “
Buried Alive: The Concept of Race in Science
.” In
Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science Beyond the Two-Culture Divide
, edited by
Goodman
Alan H.
,
Health
Deborah
, and
Lindee
M. Susan
,
258
77
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Duster
Troy
. “
Comparative Perspectives and Competing Explanations: Taking on the Newly Reconfigured Reductionist Challenge to Sociology
.”
American Sociological Review
71
, no.
1
(
February
2006
):
1
15
.
Dyer
George S. M.
, and
Lilly
Leonard S.
. “
Heart Failure
.” In
Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
, 3rd ed., edited by
Lilly
Leonard S.
,
211
36
.
Philadelphia
:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
,
2003
.
Eagan
Catherine M
. “
The Invention of the White Race[s]
.” Review of Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race, by Matthew Frye Jacobson,
American Quarterly
51
(
1999
):
921
30
.
Ecks
Stefan
. “
Pharmaceutical Citizenship: Antidepressant Marketing and the Promise of Demarginalization in India
.”
Anthropology and Medicine
12
, no.
3
(
December
2005
):
239
54
.
Ecks
Stefan
. “
Global Pharmaceutical Markets and Corporate Citizenship: The Case of Novartis’ Anti-cancer Drug Glivec
,”
BioSocieties
3
, no.
2
(
2008
):
165
81
.
Ecks
Stefan
, and
Basu
Soumita
. “
The Unlicensed Lives of Antidepressants in India: Generic Drugs, Unqualified 46, no. 1 Practitioners, and Floating Prescriptions
.”
Transcultural Psychiatry
(
2009
):
86
106
.
Embree
Edwin R
. “
Negro Illness and Its Effect upon the Nation’s Health
.”
Modern Hospital
30
(
1928
):
49
54
.
Emslie
Carol
,
Hunt
Kate
, and
Watt
Graham
. “
Invisible Women? The Importance of Gender in Lay Beliefs about Heart Problems
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
23
, no.
2
(
2001
):
203
33
.
Epstein
Steven
.
Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1998
.
Epstein
Steven
. “
Bodily Differences and Collective Identities: The Politics of Gender and Race in Biomedical Research in the United States
.”
Body and Society
10
(
2004
):
183
203
.
Epstein
Steven
.
Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2007
.
Epstein
Steven
. “
The Rise of ‘Recruitmentology’: Clinical Research, Racial Knowledge, and the Politics of Inclusion and Difference
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
, no.
5
(
2008
):
801
32
.
Ernst
Waltraud
, and
Harris
Bernard
.
Race, Science and Medicine, 1700–1960
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Farmer
Harold E
. “
The Incidence of Heart Disease among Negroes
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
32
, no.
5
(
1940
):
198
203
.
Farmer
Paul
.
Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Fausto-Sterling
Anne
. “
Refashioning Race: DNA and the Politics of Health Care
.”
differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies
15
, no.
3
(
2004
):
1
37
.
Ferdinand
Keith
. “
Lessons Learned from the Healthy Heart Community Prevention Project in Reaching the African American Population
.”
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
8
, no.
3
(
August
1997
):
366
71
.
Fields
Barbara J
. “
Ideology and Race in American History
.” In
Region, Race and Reconstruction
, edited by
Kousser
J. Morgan
and
McPherson
James
,
143
77
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1982
.
Fisher
Jill
.
Medical Research for Hire: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2009
.
Fishman
Jennifer
. “
Manufacturing Desire: The Commodification of Female Sexual Dysfunction
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
(
2004
):
187
218
.
Flack
John M.
,
Sica
Domenic A.
,
Bakris
George
,
Brown
Angela L.
,
Ferdinand
Keith C.
,
Grimm
Richard H.
Jr
,
Hall
W. Dallas
,
Jones
Wendell E.
,
Kountz
David S.
,
Lea
Janice P.
,
Nasser
Samar
,
Nesbitt
Shawna D.
,
Saunders
Elijah
,
Scisney-Matlock
Margaret
,
Jamerson
Kenneth A.
,
on behalf of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks
. “
Management of High Blood Pressure in Blacks: An Update of the International Society on Hypertension in Blacks Consensus Statement
.”
Hypertension
56
(
2010
):
780
800
.
Fleck
Ludwik
. “
Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking
.” In
Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck
, edited by
Cohen
Robert S.
and
Schnelle
Thomas
,
39
46
. 1927;
Dordrecht, Holland
:
Reidel
,
1986
.
Fleming
Peter
.
A Short History of Cardiology
.
Amsterdam
:
Rodopi
,
1997
.
Flexner
Abraham
. “
The Medical Education of the Negro
.” In
The Flexner Report on Medical Education in the United States and Canada
.
New York
:
Carnegie Foundation
,
1910
. Reprinted in Journal of the National Medical Association 85 (1993): 152.
Fortun
Mike
. “
Race in the Meantime: The ‘Care for the Data’ for Complex Conditions
.”
Paper presented at the conference “The Business of Race,” MIT Center for the Study of Diversity in Science, Technology and Medicine
,
March 30 2007
. At .
Foucault
Michel
.
The Birth of the Clinic: An Archeology of Medical Perception.
Translated by
Sheridan Smith
A. M.
.
London
:
Tavistock Publications
,
1973
.
Foucault
Michel
.
Archeology of Knowledge
. 1972;
Oxford
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Fox
Nick J.
, and
Ward
Katie J.
. “
Pharma in the Bedroom . . . and the Kitchen . . . : The Pharmaceuticalisation of Daily Life
.”
Sociology of Health and Illness
30
, no.
6
(
September
2008
):
856
68
.
France
J. J
. “
Cardio-Vascular Syphilis
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
14
, no.
3
(
1922
):
151
53
.
Fujimura
Joan
. “
Constructing ‘Do-Able’ Problems in Cancer Research: Articulating Alignment
.”
Social Studies of Science
17
(
May
1987
):
257
93
.
Fujimura
Joan
. “
Postgenomic Futures: Translations across the Machine-Nature Border in Systems Biology
.”
New Genetics and Society
24
, no.
2
(
2005
):
195
225
.
Fullwiley
Duana
. “
The Molecularization of Race: Institutionalizing Human Difference in Pharmacogenetics Practice
.”
Science as Culture
16
, no.
1
(
March
2007
):
1
30
.
Fullwiley
Duana
. “
The Biologistical Construction of Race: ‘Admixture’ Technology and the New Genetic Medicine
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
(
2008
):
695
735
.
Fye
W. Bruce
. “
A History of the Origin, Evolution, and Impact of Electrocardiography
.”
American Journal of Cardiology
73
, no.
13
(
1994
):
937
49
.
Fye
W. Bruce
.
American Cardiology: A History of a Specialty and Its College
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
1996
.
Gager
Leslie
. “
Changing Conditions in Medical Practice
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
25
, no.
2
(
1933
):
72
76
.
Gamble
Vanessa Northington
, ed.
Germs Have No Color Line: Blacks and American Medicine 1900–1940
.
New York
:
Garland Publishing
,
1989
.
Gamble
Vanessa Northington
, ed.
Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1995
.
Garrety
Karin
. “
Social Worlds, Actor-Networks and Controversy: The Case of Cholesterol, Dietary Fat, and Heart Disease
.”
Social Studies of Science
27
(
1997
):
727
73
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
“Race,” Writing, and Difference
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1986
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
Figures in Black: Words, Signs, and the “Racial” Self
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr
, ed.
The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1988
.
Geest
Sjaak van der
,
Whyte
Susan Reynolds
, and
Hardon
Anita
. “
The Anthropology of Pharmaceuticals: A Biographical Approach
.”
Annual Review of Anthropology
25
(
1996
):
153
78
.
Ghali
J. K.
,
Tam
S. W.
,
Sabolinski
M. L.
,
Taylor
A. L.
,
Lindenfeld
J.
,
Cohn
J. N.
, and
Worcel
M.
. “
Exploring the Potential Synergistic Action of Spironolactone on Nitric Oxide-Enhancing Therapy: Insights from the African-American Heart Failure Trial
.”
Journal of Cardiac Failure
14
(
2008
):
718
23
.
Gieryn
Thomas
. “
Boundary-Work and the Demarcation of Science from Non-science: Strains and Interests in Professional Ideologies of Scientists
.”
American Sociological Review
48
(
December
1983
):
781
95
.
Gillum
Richard F
. “
Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Blacks and Whites: A Review of the Basis of Racial Blood Pressure Differences
.”
Hypertension
1
(
1979
):
468
75
.
Gilroy
Paul
.
Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Glieberman
Lillian
. “
Sodium, Blood Pressure, and Ethnicity: What Have We Learned?
American Journal of Human Biology
21
(
2009
):
679
86
.
Gravlee
Clarence C
. “
How Race Becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality
.”
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
139
(
2009
):
47
57
.
Gravlee
Clarence C.
,
Non
Amy L.
, and
Mulligan
Connie J.
. “
Genetic Ancestry, Social Classification, and Racial Inequalities in Blood Pressure in Southeastern Puerto Rico
.”
PLoS ONE
4
, no.
9
(
September
2009
):
e6821
. At .
Greene
Jeremy
. “
Releasing the Flood Waters: Diuril and the Reshaping of Hypertension
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
79
(
2005
):
749
94
.
Greene
Jeremy
.
Prescribing by Numbers: Drugs and the Definition of Disease
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2007
.
Greene
Jeremy
. “
What’s in a Name? Generics and the Persistence of the Pharmaceutical Brand in American Medicine
.”
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
66
, no.
4
(
2011
):
468
506
.
Greene
Jeremy
, and
Podolsky
Scott
. “
Keeping Modern in Medicine: Pharmaceutical Promotion and Physician Education in Postwar America
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
83
, no.
2
(
Summer
2009
):
331
77
.
Greenlee
Edwin J
. “
Biomedicine and Ideology: A Social History of the Conceptualization and Treatment of Essential Hypertension in the United States
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Temple University
,
1989
.
Greenlee
Edwin J
. “
Discourse, Foucault, and Critical Medical Anthropology
.”
Central Issues in Anthropology
9
, no.
1
(
1991
):
79
87
.
Greenslit
Nathan
. “
Dep®ession and Consum♀tion: Psychopharmaceuticals, Branding, and New Identity Practices
.”
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
29
(
2005
):
477
50
.
Greenslit
Nathan
. “
Pharmaceutical Relationships: Intersections of Illness, Fantasy and Capital in the Age of Direct-to-Consumer Marketing
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
,
2007
.
Greenslit
Nathan
, and
Dumit
Joseph
.
Medi(c)ating Illness: An Ethnographic Exploration of Women’s Health in the Age of Direct to Consumer Advertising
. National Science Foundation Dissertation Improvement Grant (NSF Award 0426130),
2004
.
Griggers
Cathy
. “
Lesbian Bodies in the Age of (Post)Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
The Lesbian Postmodern
, edited by
Doan
Laura L.
,
118
33
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Grim
C. E.
et al
. “
Racial Differences in Blood Pressure Evans Co., Georgia: Relationship to Sodium Intake and Plasma Renin Activity
.”
Journal of Chronic Diseases
33
(
1980
):
87
94
.
Grim
C. E.
,
Wilson
T. W.
,
Nicholson
G. D.
et al
. “
Blood Pressure in Blacks: Twin Studies in Barbados
.”
Hypertension
15
(
1990
):
803
9
.
Grim
Clarence
, and
Robinson
Miguel
. “
Salt, Slavery and Survival: Hypertension in the African Diaspora
.”
Epidemiology
14
, no.
1
(
January
2003
):
120
22
.
Grimm
R. H.
,
Margolis
K. L.
,
Papademetriou
V.
,
Cushman
W. C.
,
Ford
C. E.
,
Bettencourt
J.
,
Alderman
M. H.
,
Baslie
J. N.
,
Black
H. R.
,
DeQuattro
V.
,
Echfeldt
J.
,
Hawkins
C. M.
, and
Proschan
M.
,
for the ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group
. “
Baseline Characteristics of the 42,448 High Risk Hypertensives Enrolled in the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
.”
Hypertension
37
(
2001
):
19
27
.
Hacking
Ian
.
Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1983
.
Hacking
Ian
. “
The Self-Vindication of the Laboratory Sciences
.” In
Science as Practice and Culture
, edited by
Pickering
Andrew
,
29
64
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1992
.
Hadden
David R
. “
Holidays in Framingham?
British Medical Journal
325
(
2002
):
544
.
Haga
Susanne B.
, and
Ginsburg
Geoffrey S.
. “
Prescribing BiDil: Is It Black and White?
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
48
, no.
1
(
2006
):
12
14
.
Hall
W. Dallas
,
Saunders
Elijah
, and
Shulman
Neil
.
Hypertension in Blacks: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment
.
Chicago
:
Year Book Medical Publishers
,
1985
.
Hamilton
Jennifer
. “
The Case of the Genetic Ancestor
.” In
Genetics and the Unsettled Past: The Collision of DNA, Race, and History
, edited by
Wailoo
Keith
,
Nelson
Alondra
, and
Lee
Catherine
,
266
78
.
Piscataway, N.J.
:
Rutgers University Press
,
2012
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
Missing Persons: Black Women and AIDS
.”
Radical America
24
(
1990
):
7
24
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
New Technologies of Race
.” In
The Gendered Cyborg: A Reader
, edited by
Kirkup
Gill
,
Janes
Linda
, and
Woodward
Kath
, and
Hovenden
Fiona
,
305
18
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Hammonds
Evelynn
. “
Straw Men and Their Followers: The Return of Biological Race
.”
Social Science Research Council Forum: Is Race “Real”?
June
7
,
2006
. At .
Hammonds
Evelynn
, and
Herzig
Rebecca
, eds.
The Nature of Difference: Sciences of Race in the United States from Jefferson to Genomics
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2009
.
Haraway
Donna
. “
Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980’s
.”
Socialist Review
80
(
1985
):
65
108
.
Haraway
Donna
. “
Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective
.”
Feminist Studies
14
(
1988
):
575
99
.
Haraway
Donna
.
Modest_Witness@Second_Millenium.FemaleMan©_Meets_OncoMouse™: Feminism and Technoscience
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Harding
Sandra G
.
The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Harlan
Louis R
.
Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1983
.
Harlan
Louis R.
, and
Smock
Raymond W.
. “
Introduction
.” In
The Booker T. Washington Papers, vol. 13, 1913–1914
, edited by
Harlan
Louis R.
and
Smock
Raymond W.
.
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1984
.
Hartigan
John
Jr
. “
Establishing the Fact of Whiteness
.” In
Race, Identity, and Citizenship: A Reader
, edited by
Torres
Rodolfo D.
,
Miron
Louis F.
, and
India
Jonathan Xavier
,
183
99
.
Malden, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1999
.
Hartman
Stephanie
. “
Reading the Scar in Breast Cancer Poetry
.”
Feminist Studies
30
(
2004
):
155
77
.
Harvard Business School
. “
Merck-Medco: Vertical Integration in the Pharmaceutical Industry
.”
Case Study, HBS 9–598–091
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard Business School
,
1998
.
Hatch
Anthony
. “
The Politics of Metabolism: The Metabolic Syndrome and the Reproduction of Race and Racism
.”
Ph.D. dissertation
,
University of Maryland
,
2009
.
Hayden
Cori
. “
A Generic Solution? Pharmaceuticals and the Politics of the Similar in Mexico
.”
Current Anthropology
48
, no.
4
(
August
2007
):
475
95
.
Hazen
H. H
.
Syphilis
. 2nd ed.
St. Louis
:
Mosby
,
1928
.
Hazen
H. H
. “
A Leading Cause of Death among the Negroes: Syphilis
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
, no.
3
(
1937
):
310
21
.
Healy
David
. “
Shaping the Intimate: Influences on the Experience of Everyday Nerves
.”
Social Studies of Science
34
, no.
2
(
April
2004
):
219
45
.
Hertz
Robin P.
,
Unger
Alan N.
,
Cornell
Jeffrey A.
, and
Saunders
Elijah
. “
Racial Disparities in Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, and Management
.”
Archives of Internal Medicine
165
, no.
18
(
2005
):
2098
104
.
Herzberg
David L
.
Happy Pills in America: From Miltown to Prozac
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
,
2009
.
Hester
Jennifer
. “
Bricolage and Bodies of Knowledge: Exploring Consumer Responses to Controversy about the Third Generation Oral Contraceptive Pill
.”
Body and Society
11
, no.
3
(
September
2005
):
77
95
.
Hindman
S. S
. “
Syphilis among Insane Negroes
.”
American Journal of Public Health
5
, no.
3
(
1915
):
218
24
.
Hoberman
John
. “
Medical Racism and the Rhetoric of Exculpation: How Do Physicians Think about Race?
New Literary History
38
(
2007
):
505
25
.
Hoffman
Frederick
.
Race Traits and Tendencies of the Negro
. 1896; Reprint,
New York
:
AMS Press
,
1973
.
Hoffman
Sharona
. “
‘Racially-Tailored’ Medicine Unravelled
.”
American University Law Review
55
(
2005
):
396
452
.
Holloway
Edward E
. “
Approach to Cardiac Diagnosis
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
35
, no.
2
(
1943
):
58
60
.
Holmes
S. J
. “
The Principal Causes of Death among Negroes: A General Comparative Statement
.”
Journal of Negro Education
6
(
1937
):
289
302
.
Hoover
Eddie L
. “
There Is No Scientific Rationale for Race-Based Research
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
99
, no.
6
(
June
2007
):
690
92
.
Howell
Joel D
. “
The Changing Face of Twentieth-Century American Cardiology
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
105
(
1986
):
772
82
.
Huggett
Brady
. “
BiDil Flops
.”
Nature Biotechnology
26
, no.
3
(
March
2008
):
252
.
Hunt
Susan
. “
The Flexner Report and Black Academic Medicine: An Assignment of Place
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
85
(
1993
):
151
55
.
Illich
Ivan
.
Medical Nemesis
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1976
.
Inda
Jonathan Xavier
. “
Materializing Hope: Racial Pharmaceuticals, Suffering Bodies, and Biological Citizenship
.” In
Corpus: An Interdisciplinary Reader on Bodies and Knowledge
, edited by
Casper
Monica
and
Currah
Paisley
,
61
80
.
New York
:
Palgrave-Macmillan
,
2011
.
Jackson
Algernon Brashear
. “
Public Health and the Negro
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
15
(
1923
):
256
59
.
Jackson
Fatimah L. C
. “
A Response to George Armelagos’ Commentary
.”
Transforming Anthropology
13
, no.
2
(
October
2005
):
125
35
.
Jackson
Fatimah L. C
. “
Anthropological Science and the Salt-Hypertension Hypothesis
.”
Transforming Anthropology
14
, no.
2
(
October
2006
):
173
75
.
Jacobson
Matthew Frye
.
Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
1998
.
Jasanoff
Sheila
, ed.
States of Knowledge: The Co-production of Science and the Social Order
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2004
.
Jasanoff
Sheila
, and
Kim
Sang-Hyun
. “
Containing the Atom: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and Nuclear Power in the United States and South Korea
.”
Minerva
47
(
2009
):
119
46
.
Jenks
Angela
. “
What’s the Use of Culture? Heath Disparities and the Development of Culturally Competent Care
.” In
What’s the Use of Race? Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference
, edited by
Whitmarsh
Ian
and
Jones
David S.
,
207
24
.
Cambridge
:
MIT Press
,
2010
.
JNMA
. “
On Dr. Taylor of Philadelphia
.” Editorial.
Journal of the National Medical Association
7
(
1915
):
206
8
.
Johnmar
Fard
. “
Conversations about Race-Based Medicine: NitroMed’s Michael L. Sabolinksi
.”
July
27
,
2006
. At .
Jones
Camara
. “
Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale
.”
American Journal of Public Health
90
, no.
8
(
2000
):
1212
15
.
Jones
David S
. “
Visions of a Cure: Visualization, Clinical Trials, and Controversies in Cardiac Therapeutics, 1968–1998
.”
Isis
91
, no.
3
(
2000
):
504
41
.
Jones
David S
. “
Virgin Soils Revisited
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
60
, no.
4
(
October
2003
):
703
42
.
Jones
David S
.
Rationalizing Epidemics: Meanings and Uses of American Indian Mortality since 1600
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2004
.
Kahn
H. A
. “
Use of Computers in Analyzing Framingham Data
.”
Circulation Research
11
(
1962
):
585
86
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
How a Drug Becomes ‘Ethnic’: Law, Commerce, and the Production of Racial Categories in Medicine
.”
Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics
4
(
2004
):
1
46
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
From Disparity to Difference: How Race-Specific Medicines May Undermine Policies to Address Inequalities in Health Care
,”
Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal
15
(
2005
):
105
29
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
Misreading Race and Genomics after BiDil
.” Letter to the editor.
Nature Genetics
37
(
July
2005
):
655
56
.
Kahn
Jonathan
. “
Exploiting Race in Drug Development: BiDil’s Interim Model of Pharmacogenomics
.”
Social Studies of Science
38
, no.
5
(
October
2008
):
737
58
.
Kaiser
Robert M
. “
The Introduction of the Thiazides: A Case Study in Twentieth-Century Therapeutics
.” In
The Inside Story of Medicines: A Symposium
, edited by
Higby
Gregory J.
and
Stroud
Elaine C.
,
121
38
.
Madison, Wisc.
:
American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
,
1997
.
Kannel
William B.
Letter to the editor. “
The Framingham Study
.”
British Medical Journal
2
, no.
6046
(
November
20
,
1976
):
1255
.
Kannel
William B.
,
Dawber
Thomas R.
,
Kagan
Abraham
,
Revotskie
Nicholas
, and
Stokes
Joseph
III
. “
Factors of Risk in the Development of Coronary Heart Disease —Six-Year Follow-Up Experience
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
55
(
July
1961
):
33
50
.
Kaufman
Jay S
. “
No More ‘Slavery Hypothesis’ Yarns
.” Letter to the editor.
Psychosomatic Medicine
63
(
2001
):
324
.
Kaufman
Jay S.
, and
Hall
Susan A.
. “
The Slavery Hypertension Hypothesis: Dissemination and Appeal of a Modern Race Theory
.”
Epidemiology
14
(
January
2003
):
111
18
.
Kawachi
Ichiro
, and
Conrad
Peter
. “
Medicalization and the Pharmacological Treatment of Blood Pressure
.” In
Contested Ground: Public Purpose and Private Interest in the Regulation of Prescription Drugs
, edited by
Davis
Peter
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Kenney
John A
. “
The Negro Hospital Renaissance
.”
Journal of the National Medical Association
22
(
July–September
1930
):
109
12
.
Keller
Evelyn Fox
.
The Century of the Gene
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Kelly
Ann
, and
Geissler
P. Wenzel
. “
The Value of Transnational Medical Research
.”
Journal of Cultural Economy
4
(
2011
):
3
10
.
Kempner
Walter
. “
Treatment of Heart and Kidney Disease and of Hypertensive and Arteriosclerotic Vascular Disease with the Rice Diet
.”
Annals of Internal Medicine
31
(
1949
):
821
56
.
Kimberley
Margaret
. “
Rx for Black Hearts
.”
Black Commentator
, no.
143
(
June
23
,
2005
). At