Saved for a Purpose: A Journey from Private Virtues to Public Values
James A. Joseph is Professor Emeritus of the Practice of Public Policy at Duke University. Joseph served as the United States Ambassador to South Africa from 1996 to 2000, and as the Under Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior from 1977 to 1981. He was the President and CEO of the Council on Foundations, Vice President of the Cummins Engine Company, and served as Chaplain of the Claremont Colleges. He is the recipient of numerous honorary degrees and awards, including the Order of Good Hope, South Africa’s highest award to a citizen of a foreign country. Joseph is also the author of Leadership as a Way of Being, Remaking America: How the Benevolent Traditions of Many Cultures are Transforming Our National Life, and The Charitable Impulse: Wealth and Social Conscience in Communities and Cultures Outside the United States.
Civil Society: The Public Use of Private Power
The 1980s were more than a time of major political change in the United States. It was in many ways a decade that highlighted the work of civil society around the world, a time when a new burst of citizen activism toppled oppressive governments, opened closed economies, restored human rights, and brought relief to many who were impoverished. This chapter is about the public use of private power, especially the efforts of Joseph, now head of the Council on Foundations, to strengthen civil society on four continents. It includes the development of CIVICUS, which within a few years came to include nongovernmental organizations in eighty countries with Joseph serving as cochair, leading delegations to the former Soviet Union as Soviet citizens influenced by glasnost and perestroika sought support to develop a civil society, and trips to Asia, Europe, Africa, and Latin America to help invigorate other civil society groups.