Saved for a Purpose: A Journey from Private Virtues to Public Values
James A. Joseph is Professor Emeritus of the Practice of Public Policy at Duke University. Joseph served as the United States Ambassador to South Africa from 1996 to 2000, and as the Under Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior from 1977 to 1981. He was the President and CEO of the Council on Foundations, Vice President of the Cummins Engine Company, and served as Chaplain of the Claremont Colleges. He is the recipient of numerous honorary degrees and awards, including the Order of Good Hope, South Africa’s highest award to a citizen of a foreign country. Joseph is also the author of Leadership as a Way of Being, Remaking America: How the Benevolent Traditions of Many Cultures are Transforming Our National Life, and The Charitable Impulse: Wealth and Social Conscience in Communities and Cultures Outside the United States.
The 1960s: Applying Values to Social Movements
The 1960s were a time of deep moral questions. This chapter takes the reader on a spiritual journey at Yale Divinity School. It began with intense intellectual inquiry directed at early scribes and later reformers who wrote down what they believed to be the central tenets of Christian faith, but it came to include a long-simmering concern with whether morality needs religion. As for the followers of many other religions, the experience of the divine became more important than creedal formulations about divinity. Yet it was a time when faith was strengthened and regrounded, and when many in seminary and elsewhere were influenced by the writing and teaching of Reinhold Niebuhr, who argued that while we know a lot about what is right and what is to be revered in individual behavior, we have made very little progress in applying morality to the problems of our aggregate existence.