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This chapter covers a broad range of developments from the Zapatistas and the 2011 Bolivian marches to the Occupy Movement in North America and the recent resistance efforts in Spain and Greece. This comunalidad is composed of the emergent communal subject as the primary cell of ongoing global social movements, reconfiguring the Kantian trope of abstract citizenship into a model for concrete collective action, and abandoning the Hegelian premise that people cannot govern themselves. Both autonomous and integrated into a complex territoriality, these diverse, often divergent movements are integrated by a common concern for buen vivir, living well, a motif that expresses the pragmatic turn to a more proportional scale of life and the rejection of the centralized Leninist-Statist approaches that have characterized both the left and the right over the past century. At the heart of these autonomist movements is “the creativity of real men and women, of ordinary people, who are, in the end, those who make the revolution and are the ones who create the new worlds.” Rather than the “trap of the generalized designs for the ‘society as a whole’,” this post-Leninist paradigm understands that “what happens with the whole of society is always the result of innumerable initiatives and factors that are almost always unpredictable.” In the Zapatista’s affirmation that revolution comes from the common, everyday people, Esteva sees an emergent, global “urgency for change, which surges from all points of the ideological spectrum,” formulating a new “critical conjunction for revolutionary transformation.”

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