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If the new millennium saw first the rise and consolidation of progressive governments throughout Latin America, it also saw the deactivation of large sectors of the social movements that had brought those governments into being. Out of this moment, came a series of new events that seem to place us on the edge of a new political horizon in the region. By discussing Zapatistas’ concepts and Carl Schmitt’s notion of the nomos, Reyes and Kaufman investigate these events and propose that what might appear today as temporally succeeding cycles of struggle (the first against orthodox neoliberalism and the latter against ‘progressive governments’) is instead the expression of two distinct tendencies that have characterized these movements and organizations across various cycles of struggle. These latest revolts are evidence that for many involved in the cycles of struggles of the past three decades – most specifically the leading indigenous organizations of the region – the counter-hegemonic parties and projects which assumed state power in the early years of this century were never intended as an historical terminus. Rather, Reyes and Kaufman argue that they were viewed as but one tactic among many in a growing strategy for the creation of an entirely other politics whose very aim has always been the dismantlement of hegemony as such.

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