Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.

Human trafficking is considered modern-day slavery. However, there is rarely any attention to the economic underpinnings of slavery. Instead, governments and human rights advocates pay attention to criminal behaviors that are viewed as aberrations from a just global economic system. The introduction provides an overview of the current antitrafficking approach and the lack of a critical economic lens. There is also an introduction to the economic dimensions of trafficking that should be considered in antitrafficking efforts. There is a summary of the political economy of human and sex trafficking.

This content is only available as PDF.

References

References
Abalkin
,
Leonid
.
1990
. “
The Market in a Socialist Economy
.”
Problems of Economic Transition
32
(
10
):
6
19
.
Abubikirova
,
Svetlana
,
Klimenkova
S.
,
Kochkina
E.
, and
Regentova
M.
.
1998
.
“Zhenskoe organizatsii v Rossii sevodnia” [Women’s organizations in Russia today]
. In
Spravochnik Zhenskie Nepravitel’stvenniie organizatsii Rossii i SNG [Guidebook of women’s independent organizations in Russia and the FSU]
.
Compiled by M. Eslan. Accessed January 6, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/texts/wom_org_Today.htm
.
Agathangelou
,
Anna M.
2004
.
The Global Political Economy of Sex: Desire, Violence, and Insecurity in Mediterranean Nation States
.
New York
:
Palgrave
.
Agustín
,
Laura
.
2007
.
Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Aivazova
,
Svetlana
.
1998
.
Russkie zhenshchiny v labirinte ravopraviia [Russian women in the labyrinth of equality]
.
Moscow
:
Rik Rusanova
.
Alchuk
,
Anna
.
2006
. “
The Tactics and Strategy of Resisting Masculine Culture: A Long-term Artistic Project
.” In
Gender Check: A Reader Art and Theory in Eastern Europe
, ed.
Pejić
Bojana
,
225–32
.
Cologne
:
Verlag der Buchhandlung
.
Alexseev
,
Mikhail
.
2010
. “
Majority and Minority Xenophobia in Russia: The Importance of Being Titulars
.”
Post- Soviet Affairs
26
(
2
):
89
120
.
Altman
,
Dennis
.
2001
.
Global Sex
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
American Bar Association Central European and Eurasian Law Intiative
.
2006
.
CEDAW Assessment Tool Report for the Russian Federation
.
Moscow
:
ABA/CEELI
.
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1991
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism
.
New York
:
Verso Press
.
Andrijasevic
,
Rutvica
.
2007
. “
Beautiful Dead Bodies: Gender, Migration and Representation in Anti-trafficking Campaigns
.”
Feminist Review
86
:
24
44
.
Andrijasevic
,
Rutvica
.
2010
.
Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
.
New York
:
Palgrave
.
Anker
,
Christien van den
, and
Doomernik
Jeroen
, eds.
2006
.
Trafficking and Women’s Rights
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Appel
,
Hilary
.
2004
.
A New Capitalist Order: Privatization and Ideology in Russia and Eastern Europe
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Aslan
,
Özlem
, and
Gambetti
Zeynep
.
2011
. “
Provincializing Frasers’ History: Feminism and Neoliberalism Revisited
.”
History of the Present
1
(
1
):
130
47
.
Attwood
,
Lynn
.
1997
. “
She Was Asking for It: Rape and Domestic Violence against Women
.” In
Post- Soviet Women: From the Baltic to Central Asia
, ed.
Buckley
Mary
,
99
118
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
1995
. “
Women as Presented by the Russian Media
.”
A Report for the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
. .
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
1998
. “
Democracy Minus Women Is Not Democracy
.”
Current Digest of the Soviet Press
,
April
8
.
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
2000
. “
Empowering Russia’s Women: Will Their Potential Be Tapped?
” In
Russia’s Fate through Russian Eyes: Voices of the New Generation
, ed.
Isham
Heyward
,
212
34
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview Press
.
Babenko
,
Mikhail
.
2009
. “
Understanding Russia’s Demographic Challenge
.”
Development and Transition
14
:
30
31
.
Bakker
,
Isabella
, and
Gill
Stephen
.
2003
.
Power, Production, and Social Reproduction: Human In/Security in the Global Political Economy
.
Hampshire, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bales
,
Kevin
.
1999
.
Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Barker
,
Joanne
.
2008
. “
Gender, Sovereignty, Rights: Native Women’s Activism against Social Inequality and Violence in Canada
.”
American Quarterly
60
(
2
):
259
66
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
.
1979
.
Female Sexual Slavery
.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
.
1981
. “
International Feminism: Sexual Politics and the World Conference on Women in Copenhagen
.”
Feminist Issues
1
(
2
):
37
50
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
,
Bunch
Charlotte
, and
Castley
Shirley
.
1984
.
International Feminism: Networking against Female Sexual Slavery: Report of the Global Feminist Workshop to Organize against Traffic in Women, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, April 6–15, 1983
.
New York
:
International Women’s Tribune Centre
.
Basu
,
Amrita
.
2000
. “
Globalization of the Local/Localization of the Global: Mapping Transnational Women’s Movements
.”
Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism
1
(
1
):
68
84
.
Belyakova
,
A. M.
,
Bekiayeva
Z. S.
,
Sheptulina
N. N.
, and
Tokunova
V. N.
, eds.
1978
.
Soviet Legislation on Women’s Rights
.
Moscow
:
Progress
.
Benería
,
Lourdes
.
2003
.
Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Benería
,
Lourdes
, and
Sen
Gita
.
1981
. “
Accumulation, Reproduction, and ‘Women’s Role in Economic Development’: Boserup Revisited
.”
Signs
7
(
2
):
279
98
.
Berman
,
Jacqueline
.
2010
. “
Biopolitical Management, Economic Calculation and ‘Trafficked Women.’
International Migration
48
(
4
):
84
113
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
.
2007
.
Temporarily Yours: Intimacy, Authenticity, and the Commerce of Sex
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
.
2012
. “
Carceral Politics as Gender Justice? The ‘Traffic in Women’ and Neoliberal Circuits of Crime, Sex, and Rights
.”
Theory and Society
41
(
3
):
233
59
.
Bernstein
,
Laurie
.
1995
.
Sonia’s Daughters: Prostitutes and Their Regulation in Imperial Russia
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Bevacqua
,
Maria
.
2000
.
Rape on the Public Agenda: Feminism and the Politics of Sexual Assault
.
Boston
:
Northeastern University Press
.
Bhattacharjee
,
Anannya
.
1997
. “
The Public/Private Mirage: Mapping Homes and Undomesticating Violence Work in the South Asian Immigrant Community
.” In
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
, ed.
Alexander
M. Jacqui
and
Mohanty
Chandra
,
308–29
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Binnie
,
Jon
.
2013
. “
Neoliberalism, Class, Gender and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Politics in Poland
.”
International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society
27
(
2
):
241
57
.
“Biznes Zhenshchinam k Litsy” [Business ladies up close]
.
1996
.
Ekonomika i Zhizn [Economics and life]
,
March
9
.
Bloch
,
Alexia
.
2013
. “
Citizenship, Belonging, and Moldovan Migrants in Post-Soviet Russia
.”
Ethnos: Journal of Ethnography
79
(
4
):
1
28
.
Blomfield
,
Adrian
.
2008
. “
Sexual Harassment Okay as It Ensures Human Breed, Russian Judge Rules
.”
Telegraph
,
July
29
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
.
2007
. “
The Origins of Neoliberalism between Soviet Socialism and Western Capitalism: ‘A Galaxy without Borders.’
Theory and Society
36
(
4
):
343
71
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
.
2011
.
Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
, and
Eyal
Gil
.
2002
. “
Eastern Europe as a Laboratory for Economic Knowledge: The Transnational Roots of Neoliberalism
.”
American Journal of Sociology
108
(
2
):
310
52
.
Borenstein
,
Eliot
.
2008
.
Overkill: Sex and Violence in Contemporary Russian Popular Culture
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Klein
Jennifer
.
2012
.
Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Parreñas
Rhacel Salazar
, eds.
2010
.
Intimate Labors: Cultures, Technologies, and the Politics of Care
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Boserup
,
Ester
.
1970
.
Woman’s Role in Economic Development
.
London
:
Earthscan
.

Bought and Sold. 1997. Directed by Gillian Caldwell and Anne Gartlan, produced by the Global Survival Network.

Boutros-Ghali
Boutros
.
1995
. “
Overview
.” In
The United Nations and The Advancement of Women 1945–1995
,
1
9
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
, and
Yurchak
Alexei
.
2010
. “
American Stiob: Or, What Late-Socialist Aesthetics of Parody Reveal about Contemporary Political Culture in the West
.”
Cultural Anthropology
25
(
2
):
179
221
.
Bradshaw
,
Michael
, and
Stenning
Alison
, eds.
2004
.
East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union: The Post-socialist States
.
Harlow, UK
:
Pearson
.
Brainerd
,
Elizabeth
.
2010
. “
Human Development in Eastern Europe and the CIS since 1990
.”
Geneva
:
UNDP
. .
Brennan
,
Denise
.
2004
.
What’s Love Got to Do with It? Transnational Desires and Sex Tourism in the Dominican Republic
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Brennan
,
Denise
.
2008
. “
Competing Claims of Victimhood?: Foreign and Domestic ‘Victims’ of Trafficking in the United States
.”
Sexuality Research and Social Policy
5
(
4
):
45
61
.
Bristow
,
Edward J.
1983
.
Prostitution and Prejudice: The Jewish Fight against White Slavery, 1870–1939
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
.
Browning
,
Genia
.
1987
.
Women and Politics in the USSR
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
.
Brussa
,
Licia
.
1991
.
Survey on Prostitution, Migration and Traffic in Women: History and Current Situation
.
Strasbourg
:
Council of Europe
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
.
2002
.
Dreamworld and Catastrophe: The Passing of Mass Utopia in East and West
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
Bucur
,
Maria
.
2008
. “
An Archipelago of Stories: Gender History in Eastern Europe
.”
American Historical Review
113
(
5
):
1375
89
.
Bumiller
,
Kristin
.
2008
.
In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement against Sexual Violence
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Bunch
,
Charlotte
, and
Carillo
Roxanna
.
1991
.
Gender Violence: A Development and Human Rights Issue
.
New York
:
Garland
.
Bunch
,
Charlotte
, and
Reilly
Niamh
, eds.
1994
.
Demanding Accountability: The Global Campaign and Vienna Tribunal for Women’s Human Rights
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
.
1996
. “
The State and Economic Involution: Russia through a Chinese Lens
.”
World Development
24
(
6
):
1105
17
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
Transition without Transformation: Russia’s Involuntary Road to Capitalism
.”
East European Politics and Societies
15
(
2
):
269
90
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
, and
Krotov
Pavel
.
1993
. “
The Economic Basis of Russia’s Political Crisis
.”
New Left Review
198
(
March–April
):
49
69
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
, and
Verdery
Katherine
.
1999
.
Uncertain Transition: Ethnographies of Change in the Postsocialist World
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
.
Burdeau
,
C.
2001
. “
Russian Women Find Success in Workplace
.”
Russia Journal
,
December
14
.
Business Ladies Increasing in Russia
.”
2004
.
RIA Novosti
,
November
29
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
2006
.
Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Loss
.
London
:
Verso Press
.
Buvinic
,
Mayra
.
1976
. “
A Critical Review of Some Research Concepts and Concerns
.” In
Women and World Development, an Annotated Bibliography
, ed.
Buvinic
Mayra
,
1–20
.
Washington, DC
:
Overseas Development Office
.
Byrd
,
Jodi
.
2011
.
The Transit of Empire: Indigenous Critiques of Colonialism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Cabezas
,
Amalia L.
2009
.
Economies of Desire: Sex and Tourism in Cuba and the Do-minican Republic
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Caldwell
,
Melissa
.
2004
.
Not by Bread Alone
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Castellas
,
Manuel
.
2000
.
End of Millennium
. Vol.
3
. 2nd ed.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
2011
. “
Making Macroeconomics Work for Us: A Feminist Perspective
.”
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
. .
Chapkis
,
Wendy
.
1997
.
Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Charkiewicz
,
Ewa
.
2009
. “
The Impact of the Crisis on Women in Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Association for Women’s Rights in Development Brief 8
. .
Chaterjee
,
Partha
.
2005
. “
The Nation in Heterogeneous Time
.”
Futures
37
:
925
42
.
Chen
,
Martha Alter
.
1995
. “
Engendering World Conferences: The International Women’s Movement and the United Nations
.”
Third World Quarterly
16
(
3
):
477
93
.
Chew
,
Lin
.
2005
. “
Reflections by an Anti-trafficking Activist
.” In
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex Work, and Human Rights
, ed.
Kempadoo
Kamala
,
65
80
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
.
Chirkova
,
Alla
.
2002
.
“Zhenskoe predprinimatl’stvo v Rossii” [Female entrepreneurship in Russia]
. In
Gender i Ekonomika: Mirovoi opyt i ekspertiza Rossiiskoi praktiki
, ed.
Mezentseva
Elena
,
234
429
.
Moscow
:
Russkaia Panorama
.
Chow
,
Rey
.
2006
.
The Age of the World Target: Self-Referentiality in War, Theory, and Comparative Work
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Chuang
,
J.
2006
. “
Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human Trafficking in the Global Economy
.”
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies
13
(
1
):
137
63
.
Clark
,
Roger
.
1994
.
The United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program: Formulation of Standards and Efforts at Their Implementation
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Clinton
,
William Jefferson
.
1996
. “
Remarks by the President at Human Rights Day Event, December 10, 1996
.” .
Clinton
,
William Jefferson
.
1998
. “
Memorandum on Steps to Combat Violence Against Women and Trafficking in Women and Girls, March 11, 1998
.” .
Cohen
,
Susanne
.
2013
. “
Image of a Secretary: A Metapragmatic Morality for Post-Soviet Capitalism
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
86
(
3
):
725
58
.
Commission on the Status of Women
. n.d. .
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
.
1992
. “
General Recommendation No. 19
.” .
Consortium of Women’s Non-Governmental Associations
.
2010
. “
Implementation by the Russian Federation of un Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
.” .
Coomeraswamy
,
Radhika
.
1996
.
Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Its Causes and Consequences
.
Geneva
:
United Nations
.
Crawshaw
,
Steve
.
1994
. “
Gangland Feud Suspected as Six Die in Frankfurt Brothel
.” Independent, August 17.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberle
.
1991
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
(
6
):
1241
99
.
Danailova-Trainor
,
Gergana
, and
Laczko
Frank
.
2010
. “
Trafficking in Persons and Development: Towards Greater Policy Coherence
.”
International Migration
48
(
4
):
38
83
.
Davidson
,
Julia O’Connell
.
2006
. “
Will the Real Sex Slave Please Stand Up?
Feminist Review
83
:
4
22
.
Davis
,
Angela
.
2000
. “
The Color of Violence against Women
.”
Colorlines: The News-magazine on Race and Politics
10
.
Accessed January 6, 2015. www.colorlines.com
.
“Deputaty zanialis’ seksual’nymi domogatel’stvami” [Deputies consider sexual harassment]
.
2012
.
Newsru.com
,
September
24
. .
“Deputaty zashchitiat zhenshchin ot seksual’nykh domogatel’stv” [Deputies protect women from sexual harassment]
.
2012
.
Izvestia
,
September
24
.
DAWN (Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era)
.
1987
.
Development, Crises, and Alternative Visions: Third World Perspectives
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
de Haan
,
Francisca
.
2010
. “
Continuing Cold War Paradigms in the Western Historiography of Transnational Women’s Organizations: The Case of the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF)
.”
Women’s History Review
19
(
4
):
547
673
.
de Haan
,
Francisca
,
Daskalova
Krassimira
, and
Loutfi
Anna
, eds.
2008
.
A Biographical Dictionary of Women’s Movements and Feminisms: Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
.
Budapest
:
Central European University Press
.
Desai
,
Padma
.
1997
.
Going Global: Transition from Plan to Market in the World Economy
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
DeStefano
,
Anthony
.
2008
.
The War on Human Trafficking: U.S. Policy Assessed
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
De Stoop
,
Chris
.
1994
.
They Are So Sweet, Sir: The Cruel World of Traffickers in Filipinas and Other Women
.
Leuven, Belgium
:
Limitless Asia
.
Ditmore
,
Melissa
.
2005
. “
Trafficking in Lives: How Ideology Shapes Policy
.” In
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered
, ed.
Kempadoo
Kamala
,
107
26
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
.
Djankov
,
Simeon
,
Glaeser
Edward
,
Porta
Rafael La
,
Lopez-de-Silanes
Florencio
, and
Shleifer
Andrei
.
2003
. “
The New Comparative Politics
.”
Journal of Comparative Economics
31
:
595
619
.
Doezma
,
Jo
.
2010
.
Sex Slaves and Discourse Masters: The Construction of Trafficking
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Eastern Promises
.
Directed by David Cronenberg
.
1997
.
New York
:
Focus Features
.
Einhorn
,
Barbara
.
1991
. “
Where Have All the Women Gone? Women and the Women’s Movement in East Central Europe”
.
Feminist Review
39
:
16
36
.
Einhorn
,
Barbara
.
2006
.
Citizenship in an Enlarging Europe: From Dream to Awakening
.
London
:
Palgrave
.
Ellerman
,
David
.
2003
. “
On the Russian Privatization Debate
.”
Challenge
46
(
3
):
6
28
.
Engerman
,
David
.
2011
. “
The Second World’s Third World
.”
Kritika
12
(
1
):
183
211
.
Enloe
,
Cynthia
.
1990
.
Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics
.
London
:
Pandora
.
Eschle
,
Catherine
, and
Maiguashca
Bice
.
2011
.
Making Feminist Sense of the Global Justice Movement
.
Lanham, MD
:
Roman and Littlefield
.
Escobar
,
Arturo
.
1992
. “
Imagining a Postdevelopment Era? Critical Thought, Development, and Social Movements
.”
Social Text
31/32
:
20
56
.
Escobar
,
Arturo
.
1995
.
Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Etkind
,
Alexander
.
2013
. “
Post-Soviet Hauntology: Cultural Memory of the Soviet Terror
.”
Constellations
16
(
1
):
182
200
.
European Council of Justice and Home Affairs Ministers
.
1989
.
Resolution on the Exploitation of Prostitution and the Traffic in Human Beings
.
European Parliament Doc. A2–52/89
.
Eyal
,
Gil
.
2000
. “
Anti-politics and the Spirit of Capitalism: Dissidents, Monetarists, and the Czech Transition to Capitalism
.”
Theory and Society
29
(
1
):
49
92
.
Fábián
,
Katalin
.
2010
.
Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States: Local Activism, National Policies, and Global Forces
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Fábián
,
Katalin
.
2014
. “
Disciplining the ‘Second World’: The Relationship between Transnational and Local Forces in Contemporary Hungarian Women’s Social Movements
.”
East European Politics
30
(
1
):
1
20
.
Fernand-Laurent
Jean
.
1985
.
Activities for the Advancement of Women: Equality, Development, and Peace: Report of Jean Fernand-Laurent, Special Rapporteur on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Fieldon
,
Sandra
, and
Davidson
Marilyn J.
, eds.
2010
.
Handbook on Successful Women Entrepreneurs
.
Northamptom, MA
:
Edward Elgar
.
Finckenauer
,
James
.
2001
. “
Russian Transnational Organized Crime and Human Trafficking
.” In
Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives
, ed.
Kyle
David
and
Koslowski
Rey
,
166
86
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Fitzpatrick
,
Sheila
, and
Slezkine
Yuri
.
2000
.
In the Shadow of Revolution: Life Stories of Russian Women from 1917 to the Second World War
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Fleming
,
Michael
.
2012
. “
The Regime of Violence in Socialist and Postsocialist Poland
.”
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
102
(
2
):
482
89
.
Fodor
,
Éva
.
1997
. “
Gender in Transition: Unemployment in Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia
.”
East European Politics and Societies
11
(
3
):
470
500
.
Fodor
,
Éva
.
2004
. “
The State Socialist Emancipation Project: Gender Inequality in Workplace Authority in Hungary and Austria
.”
Signs
29
(
3
):
782
813
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1972
.
The Archeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Fraser
,
Arvonne
.
1987
.
The U.N. Decade for Women Documents and Dialogue
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview Press
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
1997
.
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
2009
. “
Feminism, Capitalism and the Cunning of History
.”
New Left Review
56
:
97
117
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
.
1994
. “
A Genealogy of Dependency: Tracing a Keyword of the U.S. Welfare State
.”
Signs
19
(
2
):
309
36
.
Fregoso
,
Rosa-Linda
, and
Bejarano
Cynthia
, eds.
2010
.
Terrorizing Women: Feminicide in the Américas
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Friedman
,
Robert
.
2002
.
Red Mafiya: How the Russian Mob Has Invaded America
.
Boston
:
Berkley
.
Friesendorf
,
Cornelius
.
2007
. “
Pathologies of Security Governance: Efforts against Human Trafficking in Europe
.”
Security Dialogue
38
(
3
):
379
402
.
Fudge
,
Judy
, and
Owens
Rosemary
.
2006
.
Precarious Work, Women and the New Economy: The Challenge to Legal Norms
.
Oxford
:
Hart
.
Fukuyama
,
Francis
.
1992
.
The End of History and the Last Man
.
Ann Arbor, MI
:
Free Press
.
Füllsack
,
Manfred
.
2001
. “
Official Figures and Unofficial Realities: Employment Rates and Their Significance in Russia
.”
Europe-Asia Studies
53
(
4
):
613
25
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2004
. “
Feminist Critiques of Liberalism: Can They Travel East? Their Relevance in Eastern and Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union
.”
Signs
29
(
3
):
695
726
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2007
. “
Fifteen Years of the East-West Women’s Dialogue
.” In
Living Gender after Communism
, ed.
Johnson
Janet Elise
and
Robinson
Jean C.
,
203
26
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2012
. “
Contra Fraser on Feminism and Neoliberalism
.”
Hypatia
28
(
1
):
179
96
.
Funk
,
Nanette
, and
Mueller
Magda
, eds.
1993
.
Gender Politics and Post-Communism
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Gaidar
,
Egor
.
2003
.
State and Evolution: Russia’s Search for a Free Market
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
.
Gal
,
Susan
, and
Kligman
Gail
.
2000
.
The Politics of Gender and Socialism: A Comparative-Historical Essay
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2001
. “
Human Rights and the New un Protocols on Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling: A Preliminary Analysis
.”
Human Rights Quarterly
23
(
4
):
975
1004
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2006
. “
Recent Legal Developments in the Field of Human Trafficking: A Critical Review of the 2005 European Convention and Related Instruments
.”
European Journal of Migration and Law
8
:
163
89
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2009
. “
Human Rights and Human Trafficking: Quagmire or Firm Ground? A Response to James Hathaway
.”
Virginia Journal of International Law
49
(
4
):
789
848
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
, and
Pearson
Elaine
.
2010
. “
The High Cost of Freedom: A Legal and Policy Analysis of Shelter Detention for Victims of Trafficking
.”
Human Rights Quarterly
32
(
1
):
73
114
.
Gerber
,
Theodore
, and
Mayorova
Olga
.
2006
. “
Dynamic Gender Differences in a Post-socialist Labour Market: Russia, 1991–1997
.”
Social Forces
84
(
4
):
2047
75
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2003
. “
And If the Shoe Doesn’t Fit? (Wear It Anyway?): Economic Transformation and Western Paradigm of ‘Women in Development’ in Post-communist Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Gender and Women’s Studies Quarterly
31
(
3/4
):
19
36
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2005
.
The Red Riviera: Gender, Tourism, and Postsocialism on the Black Sea
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2010
. “
Revisiting the United Nations Decade for Women: Brief Reflections on Feminism, Capitalism and Cold War Politics in the Early Years of the International Women’s Movement
.”
Women’s Studies International Forum
33
:
3
12
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2012
. “
Rethinking State Socialist Mass Women’s Organizations: The Committee of the Bulgarian Women’s Movement and the United Nations Decade for Women, 1975–1985
.”
Journal of Women’s History
24
(
4
):
49
73
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2013
. “
Transnational State Feminisms: Bulgarian, African and South Asian Women’s Movements during the Cold War
.”
Lecture presented at Ohio State University
,
Sawyer Seminar
,
October 14
.
Gibson-Graham
,
J. K.
1996
.
The End of Capitalism (As We Knew It): A Feminist Critique of Political Economy
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Gille
,
Zsuzsa
.
2010
. “
Is There a Global Postsocialist Condition?
Global Society
24
(
1
):
9
30
.
Glajar
,
Valentina
, and
Radulescu
Domnica
, eds.
2004
.
Vampirettes, Wretches, and Amazons: Western Representations of East European Women
.
New York
:
East European Monographs
.
Glass
,
Christy
.
2008
. “
Gender and Work during Transition
.”
East European Politics and Societies
22
(
4
):
757
83
.
Glickman
,
Rose L.
1984
.
Russian Factory Women: Workplace and Society, 1880–1914
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Glinski
,
Dmitri
, and
Reddaway
Peter
.
1999
. “
The Ravages of Market Bolshevism
.”
Journal of Democracy
10
(
2
):
19
34
.
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
.
2007
.
Collateral Damage: The Impact of Anti-trafficking Measures on Human Trafficking
.
Bangkok
:
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
.
Global Mafia
.”
1993
.
Newsweek
,
December
12
.
Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP)
.
2011
. “
Sex Work Is Not Trafficking: Briefing Paper No. 3
.” .
Global Survival Network
.
1997
. “
Crime and Servitude: An Epose of the Traffic in Women for Prostitution from the Newly Independent States
.”
Presented at the International Conference, “The Trafficking of NIS Women Abroad,”
Moscow
,
November 3–5
.
Global Tribunal on Violations of Women’s Human Rights
.
1994
.
Testimonies of the Global Tribunal on Violations of Women’s Human Rights at the United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June 1993
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
Goodey
,
Jo
.
2004
. “
Sex Trafficking in Women from Central and East European Countries: Promoting a ‘Victim-Centered’ and ‘Woman-Centered’ Approach to Criminal Justice Intervention
.”
Feminist Review
76
:
26
45
.
Goodman
,
Walter
.
1990
. “
Koppel on ‘Sex in the Soviet Union.’
New York Times
,
December
19
.
Gorbachev
,
Mikhail
.
1987
.
Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Gordon
,
Leonid
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
1993
. “
Rabochee dvizhenie v postsotsialisticheskoi Rossii” [The labor movement in postsocialist Russia]
.
Obshchestvenye Nauki i Sovremenost
3
:
31
44
.
Goscilo
,
Helena
.
1996
.
Dehexing Sex: Russian Womanhood during and after Glasnost
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Gowan
,
Peter
.
1995
. “
Neo-liberal Theory and Practice for Eastern Europe
.”
New Left Review
213
:
3
60
.
Graff
,
Agnieszka
.
2003
. “
Lost between the Waves? The Paradoxes of Feminist Chronology and Activism in Contemporary Poland
.”
Journal of International Women’s Studies
4
(
2
):
100
116
.
Greskovits
Béla
.
1998
.
The Political Economy of Protest and Patience: East European and Latin American Transformations Compared
.
New York
:
Central European University Press
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
, and
Kaplan
Caren
.
2004
.
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Grinberg
,
Ruslan
.
2004
. “
To the Readers of ‘The World of Transformations.’
Mir Peremen [World of transformations]
vol.
1
(
January
).
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.imepi-eurasia.ru/eng/mir.php
.
Grjebine
,
Lois
, ed.
1986
. “
Reporting on Prostitution: The Media, Women and Prostitution in India, Malaysia and the Philippines
.”
UNESCO report
.
New Delhi
:
UNESCO
.
Guenther
,
Katja
.
2011
. “
The Possibilities and Pitfalls of NGO Feminism: Insights from Postsocialist Eastern Europe
.”
Signs
36
(
4
):
863
87
.
Gunning
,
Isabelle R.
1998
. “
Cutting through the Obfuscation: Female Genital Surgeries in Neoimperial Culture
.” In
Talking Visions: Multicultural Feminism in a Transnational Age
, ed.
Shohat
Ella
,
203
24
.
New York
:
MIT Press
.
Hall
,
Lisa Kahaleole
.
2008
. “
Strategies of Erasure: U.S. Colonialism and Native Hawaiian Feminism
.”
American Quarterly
60
(
2
):
273
80
.
Hamilton
,
Denise
.
1991
. “
Changing Lifestyles— Prostitution Rising as Tough Times Wear on Soviet People
.”
Los Angeles Times
,
November
12
.
Harrington
,
Carol
.
2011
. “
Resolution 1325 and Post–Cold War Feminist Politics
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
13
(
4
):
557
75
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hašková
,
Hana
.
2005
. “
Czech Women’s Civic Organizing under the State Socialist Regime, Socio-economic Transformation and the EU Accession Period
.”
Czech Sociological Review
41
(
6
):
1077
110
.
Havelková
,
Hana
, and
Oates-Indruchová
Libora
, eds.
2014
.
The Politics of Gender under State Socialism: An Expropriated Voice
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hawkesworth
,
Mary
.
2006
.
Globalization and Feminist Activism
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowan and Littlefield
.
Haynes
,
Dina Francesca
.
2007
. “
(Not) Found Chained to a Bed in a Brothel: Conceptual, Legal, and Procedural Failures to Fulfill the Promise of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act
.”
Georgetown Immigration Law Journal
21
(
3
):
337
81
.
Heise
,
L.
, and
Chapman
J. R.
.
1992
. “
Reflections on a Movement: The U.S. Battle against Women Abuse
.” In
Freedom from Violence: Women’s Strategies from around the World
, ed.
Schuler
Margaret
,
257
96
.
Washington, DC
:
OEF International
.
Helmore
,
K.
1985
. “
The Neglected Resource: Women in the Developing World
.”
Christian Science Monitor
,
December
19
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
1999
. “
Gender Violence in Crisis: Russian NGOS Help Themselves to Liberal Feminist Discourse
.”
Anthropology of East Europe Review
17
(
1
):
35
38
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
2004
. “
Global Civil Society and the Local Costs of Belonging: Defining Violence against Women in Russia
.”
Signs
29
(
31
):
815
40
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
2007
.
Empowering Women in Russia: Activism, Aid and NGOS
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Hewitt
,
Nancy
, ed.
2010
.
No Permanent Waves: Recasting Histories of U.S. Feminism
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
Holmgren
,
Beth
.
1995
. “
Bug Inspectors and Beauty Queens: The Problems of Translating Feminism into Russian
.” In
Genders 22: Postcommunism and the Body Politic
, ed.
Barry
Ellen
,
15
31
.
New York
:
NYU Press
.
Holmgren
,
Beth
.
2013
. “
Toward an Understanding of Gendered Agency in Contemporary Russia
.”
Signs
38
(
3
):
535
42
.
Honsell
,
Furio
.
2004
. “
The Times They Are A-Changin’: Research Networks for Understanding and Disseminating Transition and Innovation
.”
Transition Studies Review
11
(
3
):
1
3
.
Horvat
,
Srećko
, and
Štiks
Igor
.
2012
. “
Welcome to the Desert of Transition!: Postsocialism, the European Union, and a New Left in the Balkans
.”
Monthly Review
63
(
10
):
38
48
.
Hrycak
,
Alexandra
.
2010
. “
Transnational Advocacy Campaigns and Domestic Violence Prevention in Ukraine
.” In
Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States: Local Activism, National Policies and Global Forces
, ed.
Fábián
Katalin
,
45
77
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Hrycak
,
Alexandra
.
2012
. “
Theorizing the Response of the Ukrainian State to Transnational Campaigns to Combat Violence against Women
.”
Paper presented at the Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies
.
New Orleans
,
November 15
.
Hua
,
Julietta
.
2011
.
Trafficking Women’s Human Rights
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Hughes
,
Donna
.
2000
. “
The ‘Natasha’ Trade: The Transnational Shadow Market of Trafficking in Women
.”
Journal of International Affairs
53
(
2
):
625
51
.
Hughes
,
Donna
.
2002
. “
Prostitution in Russia, Does the U.S. State Department Back the Legalization of Prostitution?
National Review
,
November
21
.
Hughes
,
Donna
, and
Denisova
Tatyana
.
2002
.
Trafficking in Women from Ukraine. Report funded by the U.S. Department of Justice
.
Washington, DC
:
U.S. Department of Justice
.
Human Rights Watch
.
1995
.
Neither Jobs nor Justice: State Discrimination against Women in Russia
. .
Humphrey
,
Caroline
.
2002
.
The Unmaking of Soviet Life: Everyday Economies after Socialism
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Hunt
,
Swanee
.
1997
. “
For East Bloc Women, A Dearth of Democracy
.”
International Herald Tribune
,
July
10
.
Huntington
,
Samuel P.
1991
.
The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
.
Huston
,
Patricia
.
1979
.
Third World Women Speak Out
.
New York
:
Praeger
.
Ibroscheva
,
Elza
.
2013
.
Advertising, Sex, and Post-Socialism: Women, Media, and Femininity in the Balkans
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
.
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence
.
2006
.
Color of Violence: The Incite! Anthology
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Informatsionnii Tsentr Nezavisimogo Forum [Information center of the independent forum]
. n.d. “
Polozhenie zhenshchin i Natsional’nyi mekhamizm
[Position of women in national mechanisms]
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/
.
International Labour Organization
.
2005a
. “
A Global Alliance Against Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2005b
. “
Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2009
. “
The Cost of Coercion
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2012
. “
ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2014
. “
Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Meeting of Experts on Sexual Exploitation, Violence, and Prostitution
.
1992
.
Penn State Report
.
Pennsylvania State University, UNESCO and Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
.
IOM (International Organization for Migration)
.
1995
. “
Trafficking and Prostitution: The Growing Exploitation of Migrant Women from Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Brussels
:
Migration Information Programme
.
IOM
. “
It Could Happen to Any of Us
.”
2013
.
Anti-trafficking Public Service Announcement. MTV. Accessed January 13, 2015. http://vimeo.com/48386246
.
Iukina
,
Irina
.
2003
. “
Zhenskoe Dvizhenie Rossii, Tsenz Pola i Sufrazhizm” [The women’s movement in Russia, sex restrictions and suffrage]
. In
Gendernaia Rekon-struktsiia Politicheskikh Sistem [A gendered reconstruction of the political system]
, ed.
Kirichenko
M. M.
,
Kochkina
E. V.
, and
Stepanova
N. M.
,
279
99
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
ISPG
.
Ivanova
,
Tamara
.
1998
. “
Women Complain about Discrimination at Work, Low Wages
.”
ITAR-TASS News Agency
,
March
7
.
Jain
,
Devaki
.
2005
.
Women, Development, and the UN: A Sixty-Year Quest for Equality and Justice
.
2005
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Jegelevicius
,
Linas
. “
Transitions Online
.”
Transitions Online
.
Accessed December 11, 2012. http://www.tol.org
.
Johnson
,
Erika
.
2007
.
Dreaming of a Mail-Order Husband: Russian-American Internet Romance
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2001
. “
Privatizing Pain: The Problem of Woman Battery in Russia
.”
NWSA Journal
13
(
3
):
153
68
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2004
. “
Sisterhood versus the ‘Moral’ Russian State: The Postcommunist Politics of Rape
.” In
Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: National Building, Economic Survival, and Civic Activism
, ed.
Kuehnast
Kathleen
and
Nechimas
Carol
,
217
40
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2009
.
Gender Violence in Russia: The Politics of Feminist Intervention
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
, and
Robinson
Jean C.
, eds.
2007
.
Living Gender after Communism
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kabeer
,
Naila
.
1994
.
Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development Thought
.
London
:
Verso
.
Kalb
,
Don
.
2009
. “
Conversations with a Polish Populist: Tracing Hidden Histories of Globalization, Class and Dispossession in Postsocialism (and Beyond)
.”
American Ethnologist
36
(
2
):
207
23
.
Kara
,
Siddharth
.
2009
.
Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Karat Coalition
. n.d. “
Gender and Development
.” .
Kaşka
,
Selemin
.
2006
.
The New International Migration and Migrant Women in Turkey: The Case of the Moldovan Domestic Workers
.
MiReKoc Research Projects
. .
Katz
,
Katarina
.
2001
.
Gender, Work, and Wages in the Soviet Union: A Legacy of Discrimination
.
Hampshire, UK
:
Palgrave
.
Kay
,
Rebecca
.
2006
.
Men in Contemporary Russia: The Fallen Heroes of Post-Soviet Change?
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Keck
,
Margaret E.
, and
Sikkink
Kathryn
.
1998
.
Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Kelly
,
Liz
.
2005
. “
‘You Can Find Anything You Want’: A Critical Reflection on Research on Trafficking in Persons within and into Europe
.”
International Migration
43
(
1/2
):
235
65
.
Kempadoo
,
Kamala
, ed.
2005
.
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex, Work, and Human Rights
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Keough
,
Leyla J.
2003
. “
Driven Women: Reconceptualizing the Traffic in Women in the Margins of Europe through the Case of Gagauz Mobile Domestics in Istanbul
.”
Anthropology of East Europe Review
21
(
2
):
73
78
.
Keough
,
Leyla J.
2006
. “
Globalizing Postsocialism: Mobile Mothers and Neoliberalism on the Margins of Europe
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
79
(
3
):
431
61
.
Khotkina
,
Zoya
, ed.
1996
.
Seksual’noe Domogatel’stvo na Rabote
.
Moscow
:
RAN
.
Khotkina
,
Zoya
.
2001
. “
Female Unemployment and Informal Employment in Russia
.”
Problems of Economic Transition
43
(
9
):
20
33
.
Khodyreva
,
Natalia
.
2004
. “
The Problem of Trafficking in Women at the Transnational and National Levels
.” In
Crossing Borders: Re-mapping Women’s Movements at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century
, ed.
Christensen
H.
,
Halsaa
B.
, and
Saarinen
A.
,
239
53
.
Odense
:
University Press of Southern Denmark
.
Khodyreva
,
Natalia
.
2006
.
Sovremennye Debaty o Prostitutsii: Gendernyi podkhod [Contemporary debates on prostitution: Gendered approaches]
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Aleteiia
.
Kletsin
,
Alexander
.
1998
.
Sotsiologicheskii analiz seksual’nykh domogatel’stva na rabote [Sociological analysis of sexual harassment at work]
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Institut Sotsiologii RAN
.
Kochkina
,
Elena
.
1997
. “
Co-operation between Eastern and Western Women’s NGOS as Illustrated by the Preparations for the Beijing Conference
.” In
Feminist Theory and Practice: East-West: Papers Presented at International Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 9–12, 1995
, ed. by
Deppe
D.
,
Lipovskaya
O.
,
Klyotsina
A.
,
Kominskaya
M.
,
Kormanshaus
I.
, and
Zhukova
J.
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Petersburg Center for Gender Issues
.
Kofman
,
Eleonore
, and
Roghuram
Parvati
.
2012
. “
Women, Migration, and Care: Explorations of Diversity and Dynamism in the Global South
.”
Social Politics
19
(
3
):
408
32
.
Kollontai
,
Alexandra
.
1977
.
Selected Writings
.
With an introduction by Alix Holt
.
New York
:
Norton
.
Kołodko
,
Grzegorz W.
2000
.
From Shock to Therapy: The Political Economy of Postsocialist Transformation
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Konstantinova
,
Svetlana
.
1996
. “
Russia’s Portrait in the Women’s World Gallery
.”
SAIS Review
16
(
1
):
179
85
.
Kopp
,
Pierre
.
2012
. “
Human Trafficking and International Financial Flows
.” In
Draining Development: Controlling Flows of Illicit Funds from Developing Countries
, ed.
Reuter
Peter
,
171
202
.
Washington, DC
:
World Bank
.
Kostera
,
Monica
.
1995
. “
The Modern Crusade: The Missionaries of Management Come to Eastern Eu rope
.”
Management Learning
26
(
3
):
331
52
.
Kret
,
Abigail Judge
.
2013
. “
‘We Unite with Knowledge’: The Peoples’ Friendship University and Soviet Education for the Third World
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
33
(
2
):
239
56
.
Kubicek
,
Paul
.
2004
.
Organized Labor in Postcommunist States: From Solidarity to Infirmity
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Kurkchiyan
,
Marina
.
2003
. “
The Illegitimacy of Law in Post-Soviet Societies
.” In
Law and Informal Practices: The Post-communist Experience
, ed.
Galligan
Denis
and
Kurkchiyan
Marina
,
25
46
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Kuvshchinova
,
Ol’ga
.
2002
.
“Menedzher. Sexual Harassment. Novoe slovo na bukvu X” [Manager: Sexual harassment: A new word that starts with the letter H]
.
Delovoy Peterburg
,
February
4
.
Laczko
,
Frank
.
2005
. “
Introduction: Data and Research on Human Trafficking
.”
International Migration
43
(
1/2
):
5
16
.
Laczko
,
Frank
, and
GoŸdziak
Elżbieta M.
.
2005
.
Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A Global Survey
.
Geneva
:
International Organization for Migration
.
Lang
,
Sabine
.
1997
. “
The NGOization of Feminism: Institutionalization and Institution Building within the German Women’s Movements
.” In
Transitions, Environments, Translations: Feminisms in International Politics
, ed.
Scott
Joan
,
Kaplan
Cora
, and
Keates
Debra
,
101
20
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Laszlo
,
Andor
, and
Martin
Summers
.
1998
.
Market Failure: A Guide to the East European “Economic Miracle.”
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Latouche
,
Serge
.
1993
.
In the Wake of Affluent Society: An Exploration of Post-Development
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Ledeneva
,
Alena V.
2006
.
How Russia Really Works: The Informal Practices That Shaped Post-Soviet Politics and Business
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Leidholdt
,
Dorchen
.
2004
. “
Demand and the Debate
.”
Speech transcript
. .
Leigh
,
Carol
.
2004
.
Unrepentant Whore: The Collected Writings of Scarlot Harlot
.
San Francisco
:
Last Gasp of San Francisco
.
Lewis
,
Martin
, and
Wigen
Kären
.
1997
.
The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Liborakina
,
Marina
.
2002
. “
Zhenshchiny i Privatizatsiia: Rossiiskii Opyt” [Women and privatization: The Russian experience]
. In
Gender i Ekonomika: mirovoi opyt i ekspertiza Rossiiskoi praktiki
, ed.
Mezentseva
Elena
,
250
58
.
Moscow
:
Russkaia Panorama
.
Lilya 4-Ever
.
2002
.
Directed by Lukas Moodyson. Memfis Film
.
Lippe
,
Tanja Van Der
, and
Fodor
Eva
.
1998
. “
Changes in Gender Inequality in Six Eastern European Countries
.”
Acta Sociologica
41
(
2
):
131
49
.
Lipton
,
David
,
Sachs
Jeffrey
,
Fischer
Stanley
, and
Kornai
Janos
.
1990
. “
Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland
.”
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
1
:
75
147
.
Lobasz
,
Jennifer
.
2009
. “
Beyond Border Security: Feminist Approaches to Human Trafficking
.”
Security Studies
18
(
2
):
319
44
.
Lovell
,
Stephen
.
2006
.
Destination in Doubt: Russia since 1989
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Mackie
,
Vera
.
2001
. “
The Language of Globalization, Transnationality and Feminism
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
3
(
2
):
190
206
.
Mader
,
Mary Beth
.
2011
.
Sleights of Reason: Norm, Bisexuality, Development
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
.
Malarek
,
Victor
.
2004
.
The Natashas: Inside the New Global Sex Trade
.
New York
:
Arcade
.
Maltseva
,
Inna
, and
Roshchin
Sergei
.
2006
.
Gendernaia segregatsiia i trudovaia mobili’nost’ na rossiiskom rynke truda [Gender segregation and labor mobility in the Russian labor market]
.
Moscow
:
SU-HSE Publishing House
.
Mamonova
,
Tatyana
,
Matilsky
Sarah
,
Park
Rebecca
, and
Fitzpatrick
Catherine
, eds.
1984
.
Women and Russia: Feminist Writings from the Soviet Union
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Marable
,
Manning
.
1999
.
How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America: Problems in Race, Political Economy, and Society
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Marciniak
,
Katarzyna
.
2009
. “
Postsocialist Hybrids
.” In
Media Globalization and Post-socialist Identities
, special issue.
European Journal of Cultural Studies
12
(
2
):
173
90
.
Materialyi Vtorogo Nezavisimogo Zhenskogo Foruma [Material from the Second Independent Women’s Forum]
.
1992
.
Record of forum held in Dubna
,
Russia
,
November 27–29
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/texts/forumr.htm
.
Mazzarino
,
Andrea
.
2013
. “
Entrepreneurial Women and the Business of Self-Development in Global Russia
.”
Signs
38
(
3
):
623
45
.
McGuire
,
Danielle
.
2010
.
At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance—A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power
.
New York
:
Vintage
.
McRobbie
,
Angela
.
2011
. “
Reflections on Feminism, Immaterial Labour and the Post-Fordist Regime
.”
New Formations
70
:
60
76
.
Merry
,
Sally Engle
.
2006
.
Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Meshcherkina
,
Elena
.
2000
. “
New Russian Men: Masculinity Regained?
” In
Gender, State and Society in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia
, ed.
Ashwin
Sarah
,
105
17
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Mies
,
Maria
.
1986
.
Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Miroiu
,
Mihaela
.
2007
. “
Communism Was a State Patriarchy, not State Feminism
.”
Aspasia
1
(
1
):
197
201
.
Moghadam
,
Valentine
.
2005
.
Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra
.
1988
. “
Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses
.”
Feminist Review
30
:
61
88
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra
.
1997
. “
Women Workers and Capitalist Scripts: Ideologies of Domination, Common Interests, and the Politics of Solidarity
.” In
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
, ed.
Alexander
M. Jacqui
and
Mohanty
Chandra
,
3
29
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Molland
,
Sverre
.
2010
. “
‘The Perfect Business’: Human Trafficking and Lao-Thai Cross-border Migration
.”
Development and Change
41
(
5
):
831
55
.
Morokvasic
,
Mirjana
.
2004
. “
‘Settled in Mobility’: Engendering Post-Wall Migration Europe
.”
Feminist Review
77
:
7
25
.
Nadezhdina
,
Nadezhda
.
2000
.
“Ne chastoe delo po dolgu sluzhby, no s otvrashcheniem. Vse bol’she zhenshchin v nashei podvergaiutsia seksual’nym domogatel’svam na rabote” [Not a frequent issue at the workplace, but a disgusting one. More and more women are subject to sexual harassment in our workplaces]
.
Trud
,
June
22
.
Nagle
,
Jill
.
1997
.
Whores and Other Feminists
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Naples
,
Nancy
, and
Desai
Manisha
, eds.
2002
.
Women’s Activism and Globalization: Linking Local Struggles and Global Politics
.
New York
:
Taylor and Francis
.
Neilson
,
Brett
, and
Rossiter
Ned
.
2008
. “
Precarity as a Political Concept, or, Fordism as Exception
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
25
(
7–8
):
51
72
.
Neuwirth
,
Robert
.
2011
.
Stealth of Nations: The Global Rise of the Informal Economy
.
New York
:
Random House
.
New un Crime Commission Meets in Vienna
.”
1992
.
United Nations Chronicle
29
(
3
):
73
.
Nikolić-Ristanović
,
Vesna
.
2002
.
Social Change, Gender, and Violence: Post-communist and War Affected Societies
.
Dordrecht
:
Kluwer Academic
.
Nordhaus
,
William
.
1990
. “
Soviet Economic Reform: The Longest Road
.”
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
1
:
287
318
.
Novikova
,
Irina
.
2006
. “
Gender Equality in Latvia: Achievements and Challenges
.” In
Women and Citizenship in Central and Eastern Europe
, ed.
Lukić
Jasmina
,
Regulska
Joanna
, and
Zaviršek
Darja
,
101
20
.
Bennington, VT
:
Ashgate
.
Nowicka
,
Wanda
.
1995
. “
Statement from a Non-Region
.”
Statement presented at the Fourth World Conference on Women
,
Beijing
,
September 13
. .
Oates-Indruchová
,
Libora
.
2012
. “
Continuities and Discontinuities from State Socialism in Czech Feminist Research
.”
Unpublished manuscript
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
1985
. “
Industrialization and Prostitution in S.E. Asia
.” In
Female Sexual Slavery and Economic Exploitation: Making Local and Global Connections
,
Report of a Consultation Organized by the Non-governmental Liaison Service, 11–24
.
San Francisco
:
UN Nongovernmental Liaison Service
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Osipovich
,
Tatiana
.
2004
. “
Russian Mail-Order Brides in U.S. Public Discourse: Sex, Crime, and Cultural Stereotypes
.” In
Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia
, ed.
Stulhofer
Aleksander
and
Sandfort
Theo
,
263
96
.
New York
:
Haworth Press
.
Osmańczyk
,
Edmund
.
2003
.
Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements. Vol. 2. G to M
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Ost
,
David
.
2005
.
The Defeat of Solidarity: Anger and Politics in Postcommunist Europe
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Oushakine
,
Sergei
.
2009
.
The Patriotism of Despair: Nation, War, and Loss in Russia
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Parreñas
,
Rhacel Salazar
.
2011
.
Illicit Flirtations: Labor, Migration and Sex Trafficking in Tokyo
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Parvulescu
,
Anca
.
2014
.
The Traffic in Women’s Work: East European Migration and the Making of Europe
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Patton
,
Cindy
.
2002
.
Globalizing aids
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Penn
,
Shana
.
2006
.
Solidarity’s Secret: The Women Who Defeated Communism in Poland
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Penttinen
,
Elina
.
2008
.
Globalization, Prostitution and Sex-Trafficking: Corporeal Politics
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Perpiñan
,
Soledad
.
1986
. “
The Philippines: Prostitution and Sexual Exploitation
.” In
Empowerment and the Law: Strategies of Third World Women
, ed.
Schuler
Margaret
,
155
65
.
Washington, DC
:
OEF International
.
Pervogo Nezavisimogo Zhenskogo Foruma [First independent women’s forum]
.
1991
.
Record of forum held in Dubna
,
Russia
,
March 29–31
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/rubrikator/p3.htm#7
.
Peterson
,
V. Spike
.
2003
.
A Critical Rewriting of Global Political Economy: Integrating Reproductive, Productive, and Virtual Economies
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Pheterson
,
Gail
.
1989
.
A Vindication of the Rights of Whores
.
Seattle
:
Seal Press
.
Philliou
,
Christine
.
2013
. “
Introduction USSR South: Postcolonial Worlds in the Soviet Imaginary
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
33
(
2
):
197
200
.
Phongpaichit
,
Pasuk
.
1982
.
From Peasant Girls to Bangkok Masseuses
.
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
Pickles
,
John
, and
Smith
Adrian
.
1998
.
Theorizing Transition: The Political Economy of Post-Communist Transformations
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Pickup
,
Francine
.
1998
. “
Deconstructing Trafficking in Women: The Example of Russia
.”
Millennium: Journal of International Studies
27
(
4
):
995
1021
.
Pickup
,
Francine
,
Williams
Suzanne
, and
Sweetman
Caroline
.
2001
.
Ending Violence against Women: A Challenge for Development and Humanitarian Work
.
Oxford
:
Oxfam
.
Pietilä
,
Hilkka
.
2007
.
The Unfinished Story of Women and the United Nations
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Pietilä
,
Hilkka
, and
Vickers
Jeanne
.
1994
.
Making Women Matter: The Role of the United Nations
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Pitcher
,
Anne
, and
Askew
Kelly
.
2006
. “
African Socialisms and Postsocialisms
.”
Africa
76
(
1
):
1
14
.
Ponarina
,
Larisa
.
2000
. “
Seksual’nye domogatel’stva n rabote: sluzhebnyi roman ili torzhestvo muzhskogo bezpredela?” [Sexual harassment at work: Work romance or unleashed male uncontrolled behavior?]
In
Nasilie i Sotsial’nye Izmeneniia
, ed.
ANNA (Assotsiatsiia Net Nasiliiu)
,
63
76
.
Moscow
:
Tsentrp
.
Popa
,
Raluca Maria
.
2003
. “
The Socialist Project for Gender (In)Equality: A Critical Discussion
.”
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies
6
(
4
) (winter):
49
72
.
Popa
,
Raluca Maria
.
2009
. “
Translating Equality between Women and Men across the Cold War Divides: Women Activists from Hungary and Romania and the Creation of International Women’s Year
.” In
Gender Politics and Everyday Life in State Socialist Eastern and Central Europe
, ed.
Penn
Shana
and
Massino
Jill
,
59
74
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Posadskaya
,
Anastasia
.
1993
. “
Changes in Gender Discourses and Policies in the Former Soviet Union
.” In
Democratic Reform and the Position of Women in Transitional Economies
, ed.
Moghadam
Valentine
,
162
79
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Posadskaya
,
Anastasia
.
1994
.
Introduction to Women in Russia: A New Era in Russian Feminism
, ed.
Posadskaya
Anastasia
and
Moscow Gender Center
,
1
7
.
London
:
Verso
.
Posadskaya-Vanderbeck
Anastasia
.
1996
. “
Voice from the Non-Region: How the Statement from a Non-region Found Its Way to the Plenary Session of the IV World Conference on Women on September 13, 1995
.”
Warsaw
:
ASTRA Network
.
Posadskaya-Vanderbeck
Anastasia
.
1997
. “
On the Threshold of the Classroom: Dilemmas for Post-Soviet Russian Feminism
.” In
Transitions, Environment and Translations: Feminism in International Politics
, ed.
Scott
Joan
,
Kaplan
Caren
, and
Keates
Debra
,
373
82
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Post
,
Dianne
.
2000
. “
Domestic Violence in Russia
.”
Journal of Gender Studies
9
:
81
84
.
The Price of Sex
.
2011
.
Directed by Mimi Chakarova. Accessed January 13, 2015. http://priceofsex.org
.
Pushkareva
,
Natal’ia
.
2002
.
Russkaia Zhenshchina: Istoriia i sovremennost’ [Russian women: History and the pre sent]
.
Moscow
:
Ladomir
.
Racioppi
,
Linda
, and
Sullivan
Katherine O’
.
1995
. “
Organizing Women before and after the Fall: Women’s Politics in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Russia
.”
Signs
20
(
4
):
818
50
.
Radulescu
,
Domnica
.
2004
. “
Amazons, Wretches and Vampirettes: Essentialism and beyond in the Representation of East Europe
.” In
Vampirettes, Wretches, and Amazons: Western Representations of East European Women
, ed.
Glaja
Valentina
and
Radulescu
Domnica
,
23
59
.
Boulder, CO
:
East European Monographs
.
Rawley
,
James
.
2009
.
The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History
. Rev. ed.
Lincoln
:
University of Nebraska Press
.
Raymond
,
Janice G.
1998
. “
Prostitution as Violence against Women: NGO Stonewalling in Beijing and Elsewhere
.”
Women’s Studies International Forum
21
(
1
):
1
.
Regulska
,
Joanna
, and
Grabowska
Magdalena
.
2012
. “
Post-1989 Women’s Activism in Poland
.” In
Women and Gender in Postwar Europe: From Cold War to European Union
, ed.
Regulska
Joanna
and
Smith
Bonnie
,
212
30
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Reis
,
Nancy
.
2002
. “
‘Honest Bandits’ and ‘Warped People’: Russian Narratives about Money, Corruption, and Moral Decay
.” In
Ethnography in Unstable Places: Everyday Lives in Contexts of Dramatic Political Change
, ed.
Carol Green house
,
Merz
Elizabeth
, and
Warren
Kay
,
276
315
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Richter
,
James
.
2002
. “
Evaluating Western Assistance to Russian Women’s Organizations
.” In
The Power and Limit of NGOS
, ed.
Mendelson
Sarah
and
Glenn
John
,
54
90
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Riley
,
Denise
.
1988
.
“Am I That Name?” Feminism and the Category of “Women” in History
.
London
:
Macmillan
.
Rogers
,
Douglas
.
2010
. “
Postsocialisms Unbound: Connections, Critiques, Comparisons
.”
Slavic Review
69
(
1
):
1
15
.
Roman
,
Denise
.
2006
. “
Missing in Action: On Eastern European Women and Transnational Feminism
.” CSW Update, November
5
8
.
Ross
,
Andrew
.
2009
.
Nice Work If You Can Get It: Life and Labor in Precarious Times
.
New York
:
NYU Press
.
Roth
,
Benita
.
2003
. “
Second Wave Black Feminism in the African Diaspora: News from New Scholarship
.”
Agenda: Empowering Women for Gender Equity
58
:
46
58
.
Roth
,
Silke
.
2007
. “
Sisterhood and Solidarity? Women’s Organizations in the Expanded European Union
.”
Social Politics
14
(
4
):
460
87
.
Ruffin
,
M. Holt
,
McCarter
Joan
, and
Upjohn
Richard
.
1996
.
The Post-Soviet Handbook: A Guide to Grassroots Organizations and Internet Resources in the Newly Independent States
.
Seattle
:
Center for Civil Society International
.
Rupp
,
Leila
.
1998
.
Worlds of Women: The Making of the International Women’s Movement
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Ruthchild
,
Rochelle
.
2010
.
Equality and Revolution: Women’s Rights in the Russian Empire, 1905–1917
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Ruthchild
,
Rochelle
.
2012
. “
From West to East: International Women’s Day, the First Decade
.”
Aspasia
6
:
1
24
.
Rutland
,
Peter
.
2014
. “
Neoliberalism and the Russian Transition
.”
Review of International Political Economy
20
(
2
):
332
62
.
Rutland
,
Peter
, and
Kogan
Natasha
.
1998
. “
The Russian Mafia: Between the Hype and Reality
.”
Transitions
5
(
3
):
24
34
.
Ryan
,
Chris
, and
Hall
Colin Michael
.
2001
.
Sex Tourism: Marginal People and Liminalities
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Sakwa
,
Richard
.
1999
.
Postcommunism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Salazar Parreñas
,
Rhacel
.
2000
. “
Migrant Filipina Domestic Workers and the International Division of Reproductive Labor
.”
Gender and Society
14
(
4
):
560
80
.
Salmenniemi
,
Suvi
.
2008
.
Democratization and Gender in Contemporary Russia
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Salmenniemi
,
Suvi
,
Karhunen
Päivi
, and
Kosonen
Riitta
.
2011
. “
Between Business and Byt: Experiences of Women Entrepreneurs in Contemporary Russia
.”
Europe-Asia Studies
63
(
1
):
77
98
.
Sancho-Liao
,
N.
1993
. “
‘Clutching a Knifeblade’: Human Rights and Development from Asian Women’s Perspective
.”
Focus on Gender
1
(
2
):
31
37
.
Sandul
,
I.
2002
. “
Trying to Break through the Glass Ceiling
.”
Russia Journal
,
March
22
.
Sassen
,
Saskia
.
2000
. “
Women’s Burdens: Counter Geographies of Globalization and the Feminization of Survival
.”
Journal of International Affairs
53
(
12
):
503
24
.
Sassen
,
Saskia
.
2003
. “
Global Cities and Survival Circuits
.” In
Global Woman: Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy
, ed.
Ehrenreich
Barbara
and
Hochschild
Arlie Russell
,
254
74
.
New York
:
Henry Holt
.
Sassen
,
Saskia
.
2006
.
Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Schneider
,
Friedrich
,
Buehn
Andreas
, and
Montenegro
Claudio E.
.
2010
. “
Shadow Economies All over the World: New Estimates for 162 Countries from 1999 to 2007
.”
Policy Research Working Paper 5356, World Bank
. .
School for Johns
. n.d. “
School for Johns
.”
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.schoolforjohns.com/
.
Schuler
,
Margaret
.
1992
.
Freedom from Violence: Women’s Strategies from around the World
.
New York
:
UNIFEM
.
Seabright
,
Paul
, ed.
2000
.
The Vanishing Rouble: Barter Networks and Non-Monetary Transactions in Post-Soviet Societies
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Sen
,
Amartya
.
1999
.
Development as Freedom
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Serio
,
Joseph
.
2008
.
Investigating the Russian Mafia: An Introduction for Students, Law Enforcement, and International Business
.
Durham, NC
:
Carolina Academic Press
.
Shapkina
,
Nadezhda
.
2006
. “
Sex, Gender, and Migration: Analyzing Campaigns against Sex Trafficking in Russia and Ukraine
.”
Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies
,
Washington, DC
,
November 17
.
Shelkovnikova
,
Elena
.
1999
.
“Sluzhebny roman is sexual harassment: Distantsiia ogromnogo razmera.” [Work romance is sexual harassment: A major difference]
.
Argumenty i Fakty
,
September
16
.
Shelley
,
Louise
.
1998
. “
Organized Crime and Corruption in Ukraine: Impediments to the Development of a Free Market
.”
Demokratizatsiya
6
(
4
):
648
63
.
Shevchenko
,
Olga
.
2009
.
Crisis and the Everyday in Postsocialist Moscow
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Shohat
,
Ella
.
1992
. “
Notes on the ‘Post-Colonial.’
Social Text
31/32
:
99
113
.
Sirotkin
,
Vladlen
.
2006
.
Anatolii Chubais: Velikii inkvizitor [Anatoly Chubais: The Great inquisitor]
.
Moscow
:
Algoritm
.
“Skrytnaia kamera zapechatlela khishchnykh muzhchin” [Hidden camera reveals predatory men]
.
2012
.
Ekho Moskvy
,
October
2
.
Slavova
,
Kornelia
.
2006
. “
Looking at Western Feminisms through the Double Lens of Eastern Europe and the Third World
.” In
Women and Citizenship in Central and Eastern Europe
, ed.
Lukić
Jasmina
,
Regulska
Joanna
, and
Zaviršek
Darja
,
245
63
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Sloat
,
Amanda
.
2005
. “
The Growth of Women’s NGOS in Central and Eastern Europe
.”
European Journal of Women’s Studies
12
(
4
):
437
52
.
Smith
,
Adrian
.
2002
. “
Culture/economy and Spaces of Economic Practice: Positioning Households in Post-Communism
.”
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
27
(
2
):
232
50
.
Smith
,
Adrian
, and
Stenning
Alison
.
2006
. “
Beyond Household Economies: Articulations and Spaces of Economic Practice in Postsocialism
.”
Progress in Human Geography
30
(
2
):
190
213
.
Smith
,
Andrea
.
2005
.
Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Smith
,
Andrea
.
2008
. “
American Studies without America: Native Feminisms and the Nation-State
.”
American Quarterly
60
(
2
):
309
15
.
Smith
,
Andrea
.
2011
. “
Against the Law: Indigenous Feminism and the Nation-State
.”
Affinities: A Journal of Radical Theory, Culture, and Action
5
(
1
):
56
69
.
Soderlund
,
Gretchen
.
2005
. “
Running from the Rescuers: New U.S. Crusades against Trafficking and the Rhetoric of Abolition
.”
Feminist Formation
17
(
3
):
64
87
.
Sokolova
,
Mariia
.
2012
.
“Otvedite zhenshchine lichnoe prostranstvo” [Women must claim their personal space]
.
Parlamentskaia Gazeta
,
October
5
.
Sperling
,
Valerie
.
1998
. “
Foreign Funding of Social Movements in Russia
.”
Policy Memo 26
.
Program on New Approaches to Russian Security (PONARS)
. .
Sperling
,
Valerie
.
1999
.
Organizing Women in Contemporary Russia: Engendering Transition
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Springer
,
Kimberly
.
2001
. “
The Interstitial Politics of Black Feminist Organizations
.”
Meridians
4
(
1
):
155
91
.
Springer
,
Kimberly
.
2005
.
Living for the Revolution: Black Feminist Organizations, 1968–1980
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Standing
,
Guy
.
2011
.
The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class
.
London
:
Bloomsbury Academic
.
Stenning
,
Alison
.
2005
. “
Post-socialism and the Changing Geographies of the Everyday in Poland
.”
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
30
(
1
):
113
27
.
Stenning
,
Alison
, and
Hörschelmann
Kathrin
.
2008
. “
History, Geeography and Difference in the Post-socialist World: Or, Do We Still Need Post-Socialism?
Antipode
40
(
2
):
312
35
.
Stenning
,
Alison
,
Smith
Adrian
,
Rochovská
Alena
, and
Œwiątek
Dariusz
.
2010
.
Domesticating Neo-Liberalism: Spaces of Economic Practice and Social Reproduction in Post-socialist Cities
.
Oxford
:
Wiley-Blackwell
.
Sterling
,
Claire
.
1994
. “
Redfellas: Inside the New Russian Mafia
.”
New Republic
210
(
15
):
19
22
.
Sternbach
,
Nancy
,
Navarro-Aranguren
Marysa
,
Chuchryk
Patricia
, and
Alvarez
Sonia
.
1992
. “
Feminisms in Latin America: From Bogotá to San Bernardo
.”
Signs
17
(
2
):
393
434
.
Stiglitz
,
Joseph E.
2002
.
Globalization and Its Discontents
.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
Stoecker
,
Sally
.
2000
. “
The Rise in Human Trafficking and the Role of Organized Crime
.”
Demokratizatsiya
8
(
1
):
129
44
.
Strokan
,
Sergei
.
1995
. “
Russia: NGOS Condemn Sexual Discrimination in the Moscow Workplace
.”
Inter Press News Agency (Moscow)
,
November
3
.
Suchland
,
Jennifer
.
2008
. “
Contextualizing Discrimination: The Problem with Sexual Harassment in Russia
.”
Journal of Women, Politics and Policy
29
(
3
):
335
63
.
Suchland
,
Jennifer
.
2011
. “
Is Postsocialism Transnational?
Signs
36
(
4
):
837
62
.
Suchland
,
Jennifer
.
2013
. “
Double Framing in Lilya 4-Ever: Sex Trafficking and Postsocialist Abjection
.”
European Journal of Cultural Studies
16
(
3
):
362
76
.
Sudburry
,
Julia
.
2006
. “
Rethinking Antiviolence Strategies: Lessons from the Black Women’s Movement in Britain
.” In
Color of Violence: The Incite! Anthology
, ed.
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence
,
13
24
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Sukhov
,
Oleg
.
2012
.
“Intim ne predlagat’” [Unsolicited intimacy]
.
Chastnyi Korrespondent
,
November
21
.
Sullivan
,
Barbara
.
2003
. “
Trafficking in Women: Feminism and New International Law
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
5
(
1
):
67
91
.
Sullivan
,
Mary Lucille
.
2007
.
Making Sex Work: A Failed Experiment with Legalized Prostitution
.
Melbourne
:
Spinifex Press
.
Sundstrum
,
Lisa
.
2002
. “
Women’s NGOS in Russia: Struggling from the Margins
.”
Demokratizatsiya
19
(
2
):
207
29
.
Sweet
,
James
.
1997
. “
The Iberian Roots of American Racist Thought
.”
William and Mary Quarterly
54
(
1
):
143
66
.
Taraban
,
Svitlana
.
2007
. “
Birthday Girls, Russian Dolls, and Others: Internet Brides as the Emerging Global Identity of Post-Soviet Women
.” In
Living Gender after Communism
, ed.
Johnson
Janet Elise
and
Robinson
Jean C.
,
105
27
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Thompson
,
Becky
.
2002
. “
Multiracial Feminism: Recasting the Chronology of Second Wave Feminism
.”
Feminist Studies
28
(
2
):
337
60
.
Tiefenbrun
,
S. W.
2006
. “
Updating the Domestic and International Impact of the U.S. Victims of Trafficking Protection Act of 2000: Does Law Deter Crime?
Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law
38
(
2
):
249
80
.
Tiers
,
K.
2002
. “
Gender Prejudice Still Strong in Russia
.”
Russia Journal
,
September
20
.
Tinker
,
Irene
, ed.
1990
.
Persistent Inequalities: Women and World Development
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Tinker
,
Irene
.
1976
. “
The Adverse Impact of Development on Women
.” In
Women and World Development
, ed.
Tinker
Irene
and
Bramsen
Michéle
,
22
34
.
New York
:
Praeger
.
Tiuriukanova
,
Elena
.
2006a
.
Forced Labour in the Russian Federation Today: Irregular Migration and Trafficking in Human Beings
.
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
Tiuriukanova
,
Elena
.
2006b
.
Human Trafficking in the Russian Federation: Inventory and Analyses of the Current Situation and Responses
.
Moscow
:
UN/IOM Working Group
.
Tiuriukanova
,
Elena
.
2008
. “
Illegal, Trafficked, Enslaved? Irregular Migration and Trafficking in Persons in Russia
.”
NATO Science for Peace and Security Series E: Human and Societal Dynamics
46
:
104
30
.
Tlostanova
,
Madina
.
2006
. “
The Imagined Freedom: Post-Soviet Intellectuals between the Hegemony of the State and the Hegemony of the Market
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
105
(
3
):
637
59
.
Todorova
,
Maria
, and
Gille
Zsuzsa
, eds.
2010
.
Post-Communist Nostalgia
.
New York
:
Berghahn
.
Tracy
,
Jen
.
1999
. “
Wanted: A Girl Who’ll Work for Less
.”
Moscow Times
,
November
17
.
Trafficking of NIS Women Abroad: An International Conference in Moscow
.”
1997
.
November
3
5
.
Conference report prepared by Global Survival Network
.
True
,
Jacqui
.
2003
.
Gender, Globalization, and Postsocialism: The Czech Republic after Communism
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
True
,
Jacqui
.
2012
.
The Political Economy of Violence against Women
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Truong
,
Thanh-Dam
.
1990
.
Sex, Money and Morality: Prostitution and Tourism in Southeast Asia
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Tucker
,
Robert
.
1978
.
The Marx-Engels Reader
. 2nd ed.
New York
:
W. W. Norton
.
Tyldum
,
Guri
, and
Brunovskis
Anette
.
2005
. “
Describing the Unobserved: Methodological Challenges in Empirical Studies on Human Trafficking
.”
International Migration
43
(
1/2
):
17
34
.
Uhl
,
Bärbel Heide
.
2010
. “
Lost in Implementation? Human Rights Rhetoric and Violations—A Critical Review of Current European Anti-trafficking Policies
.”
Security and Human Rights
2
:
119
26
.
Ukraine Is Not a Brothel
.
2013
.
Directed by Kitty Green. Noise and Light Productions
.
United Nations UNITE to End Violence Against Women
.
2009
.
Website
. .
Uvin
,
Peter
.
1998
.
Aiding Violence: The Development Enterprise in Rwanda
.
West Hartford, CT
:
Kumarian Press
.
Uy
,
Robert
.
2011
. “
Blinded by Red Lights: Why Trafficking Discourse Should Shift away from Sex and the ‘Perfect Victim’ Paradigm
.”
Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law and Justice
26
(
1
):
204
19
.
Uygun
,
Banu Nilgün
.
2004
. “
Post-socialist Scapes of Economy and Desire: The Case of Turkey
.”
Focaal—European Journal of Anthropology
43
:
27
45
.
Vassalo
,
Peter V.
1996
. “
The New Ivan the Terrible: Problems in International Criminal Enforcement and the Specter of the Russian Mafia
.”
Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law
28
(
1
):
173
96
.
Vassilev
,
Rossen
.
2011
. “
The Tragic Failure of ‘Post-Communism’ in Eastern Europe
.”
Global Research
(
March
). .
Velikonja
,
Mitja
.
2009
. “
Lost in Transition: Nostalgia for Socialism in Post-socialist Countries
.”
East European Politics and Societies
23
(
4
):
535
51
.
Verdery
,
Katherine
.
1996
.
What Was Socialism, and What Comes Next?
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Volkov
,
Vadim
.
2002
.
Violent Entrepreneurs: The Use of Force in the Making of Russian Capitalism
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Volpp
,
Leti
.
2003
. “
Feminism and Multiculturalism
.” In
Critical Race Feminism
, ed.
Wing
Adrien Katherine
,
395
405
.
New York
:
NYU Press
.
Voronina
,
Olga
.
1993
. “
Soviet Patriarchy: Past and Present
.”
Hypatia
8
(
4
):
97
112
.
Voronina
,
Olga
.
1994
. “
The Mythology of Women’s Emancipation in the USSR as the Foundation for a Policy of Discrimination
.” In
Women in Russia: A New Era in Russian Feminism
, ed.
Posadskaya
Anastasia
and
Moscow Gender Center
,
37
56
.
London
:
Verso
.
Warren
,
Kay B.
2012
. “
The 2000 un Human Trafficking Protocol: Rights, Enforcement, Vulnerabilities
.” In
The Practice of Human Rights: Tracking Law between the Global and the Local
, ed.
Goodale
Mark
and
Merry
Sally Engle
,
242
62
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Watson
,
Peggy
.
1993
. “
The Rise of Masculinism in Eastern Europe
.”
New Left Review
198
:
71
82
.
Webster
,
William
.
1997
.
Russian Organized Crime
.
Washington, DC
:
Center for Strategic and International Studies
.
Wedel
,
Janine
.
2001
.
Collision and Collusion: The Strange Case of Western Aid to Eastern Europe
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Weiner
,
Elaine
.
2007
.
Market Dreams: Gender, Class, and Capitalism in the Czech Republic
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Weldon
,
S. Laurel
.
2002
.
Protest, Policy, and the Problem of Violence against Women: A Cross-national Comparison
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Welter
,
Friederike
,
Smallbone
David
, and
Isakova
Nina
, eds.
2006
.
Enterprising Women in Transition Economies
.
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Willetts
,
Peter
.
1978
.
The Non-aligned Movement: The Origins of Third World Alliance
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Williams
,
Colin
.
2005
. “
Market delusions: rethinking the trajectories of post-socialist societies
.”
foresight
7
(
3
):
48
60
.
Williams
,
Colin
, and
Round
John
.
2007a
. “
Evaluating the Penetration of Capitalism in Post-socialist Ukraine
.”
Journal of Economic Studies
34
(
5
):
415
29
.
Williams
,
Colin
, and
Round
John
.
2007b
. “
Re-thinking the Nature of the Informal Economy: Some Lessons from Ukraine
.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
31
(
2
):
425
41
.
Williams
,
Colin
,
Round
John
, and
Rodgers
Peter
.
2013
.
The Role of Informal Economies in the Post-Soviet World: The End of Transition?
London
:
Routledge
.
Williams
,
Kimberly
.
2011
. “
Crime, Corruption and Chaos: Sex Trafficking and the ‘Failure’ of US Russia Policy
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
13
(
1
):
1
24
.
Williams
,
Kimberly
.
2012
.
Imagining Russia: Making Feminist Sense of American Nationalism in U.S.- Russian Relations
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
.
Winnubst
,
Shannon
.
2015
.
Way Too Cool
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Wood
,
Elizabeth
.
1997
.
The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary Russia
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
World Bank
.
Beyond Transition Newsletter
.
Accessed January 9, 2015. http://go.worldbank.org/Y406GSE090
.
World Bank
.
2002
.
Gender in Transition
.
Washington, DC
:
World Bank
.
World Bank
.
2003
.
Project Performance Assessment Report: Russian Federation
.
Report No. 25478
.
Washington, DC
:
World Bank
.
Yergin
,
Daniel
, and
Stanislaw
Joseph
.
1998
.
The Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy
.
New York
:
Simon and Schuster
.
Yurchak
,
Alexei
.
2003
. “
Russian Neoliberal: The Entrepreneurial Ethic and the Spirit of ‘True Careerism.’
Russian Review
62
(
1
):
72
90
.
Zabadykina
,
Elena
.
2000
. “
Pomoshch zhertvam domashchnego nasiliia v sovremennoi Rossii” [Help to victims of domestic violence in contemporary Russia]
. In
Nasilie i Sotsial’nyie Ismeneniia [Violence and social change]
, ed.
Tsentr ANNA (Assotsiatsiia Net Nasiliiu)
,
113
42
.
Moscow
:
TACIS i CARITAS
.
Zabelina
,
Tat’iana
.
1996
. “
Sexual Violence towards Women
.” In
Gender, Generation and Identity in Contemporary Russia
, ed.
Pilkington
Hilary
,
169
86
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Zabelina
,
Tat’iana
, ed.
2002
.
Rossiia: Nasilie v sem’e—nasilie v obshchestve. [Russia: Violence in the family, violence in society]
.
Moscow
:
UNIFEM
.
Zavyalova
,
Elena K.
, and
Kosheleva
Sofia V.
.
2010
. “
Gender Stereotyping and Its Impact on Human Capital Development in Contemporary Russia
.”
Human Resource Development International
13
(
3
):
341
49
.
Zdravomyslova
,
Elena
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
1996
. “
Vvedenie: Sotsial’naia konstruktsiia gendera i gendernaia sistema v Rossii” [Introduction: Social construction of gender and gender system in Russia]
. In
Gendernoe Izmerenie Sotsial’noe i Politicheskoi Aktivnosti v Perekhodnyi Period [Gender transformation of social and political activism in the transition period]
, ed.
Zdravomyslova
Elena
and
Temkina
Anna
,
5
13
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
TsNSI
.
Zdravomyslova
,
Elena
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
1999
. “
Sotsial’noe Konstruirovanie Gendera kak Feministskaia Teoriia” [Social construction of gender as feminist theory]
. In
Zhenshchina, Gender, Kul’tura [Women, gender, culture]
, ed.
Khotkina
Zoya
,
Pushkareva
Nataliia
, and
Troffimova
Elena
,
46
65
.
Moscow
:
RLShchGI
.
Zdravomyslova
,
Elena
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
2002
. “
Institutsionalizatsiia Gendernykh Issledovanii v Rossii” [Institutionalization of gender research in Russia]
. In
Gendernyi Kaleidoskop [Gender kaleidoscope]
, ed.
Malysheva
M.
,
33
51
.
Moscow
:
Academia
.
Zdravomyslova
,
Elena
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
2003
. “
Gender Studies in Post-Soviet Society: Western Frames and Cultural Differences
.”
Studies in East European Thought
55
:
51
61
.
Zheng
,
Tiantian
.
2009
.
Red Lights: The Lives of Sex Workers in Postsocialist China
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Zhurzhenko
,
Tat’iana
.
1999
. “
Analiz polozheniia zhenshchin v perekhodnoi ekonomike: V poiskakh feministkoi epistemologii
.” In
Zhenshchina, Gender, Kul’tura [Women, gender, culture]
, ed.
Khotkina
Zoya
,
Pushkareva
Nataliia
, and
Trofimova
Elena
,
160
70
.
Moscow
:
RLShGI
.
Zimmerman
,
Susan
.
2010
. “
Gender Regime and Gender Struggle in Hungarian State Socialism
.”
Aspasia
4
:
1
24
.
Žižek
,
Slavoj
.
2005
. “
Lenin Shot at Finland Station
.”
London Review of Books
27
(
16
):
23
.
Žižek
,
Slavoj
.
2008
.
Violence: Six Sideways Reflections
.
New York
:
Picador
.
Zubarevich
,
Natalia
.
2003
. “
Russia: Case Study on Human Development Progress towards the MDGS at the Sub-national Level
.”
Geneva
:
United Nations Development Programme
.
Zweynert
,
Joachim
.
2006
. “
Economic Ideas and Institutional Change: Evidence from Soviet Economic Debates, 1987–1991
.”
Europe-Asia Studies
58
(
2
):
169
92
.
Zweynert
,
Joachim
.
2007
. “
Conflicting Patterns of Thought in the Russian Debate on Transition: 1992–2002
.”
Europe-Asia Studies
59
(
1
):
47
69
.
Government Documents
Council of Justice
.
1989
. “
The Exploitation of Prostitution and the Traffic in Human Beings
.” Resolution.
Official Journal of the European Communities
32
(
May
16
).
International Trafficking in Women and Children, Hearings before the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate
.
2000
.
106th Congress, second sess., February 22 and April 4
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
The Sex Trade: Trafficking of Women and Children in Europe and the United States, Hearing before the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
.
1999
.
106th Congress, first sess., June 28
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
UN
.
1949
.
The Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
.
Lake Success, NY
,
March
21
.
UN
.
1959
.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. “Study on Traffic in Persons and Prostitution, Suppression of the traffic in persons and the exploitation of the prostitution of others.” UN Doc ST/SOA/SD/8
,
United Nations Publication Sales no. 59.IV.5
,
27
.
UN
.
1975
.
World Plan for Action
.
Report of the World Conference of the International Women’s Year
.
Mexico City
,
June 19–July 2
.
UN
.
1985
.
Forward Looking Strategies
.
Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace
.
Nairobi
,
July 26
.
UN
.
1995
.
Beijing Platform for Action
.
Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women
.
UN
.
1997
. “
Sixth Session (Vienna, 28 April–9 May, 1997) of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
.”
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
. .
UN
.
1998
. “
Seventh Session (Vienna, 21–30 April, 1998) of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
.”
United Nations Economic and Social Council
.
UN DocE/CN.15/1998/5
.
UN Development Fund for Women
.
1985
.
Development Co-operation with Women: The Experience and Future Directions of the Fund
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
UNESCO
.
1976
.
unesco’s Contribution to the Improvement of the Status of Women: Report of the Director-General
.
New York
:
UNESCO
.
UNESCO
.
2004
. “
Data Comparison Sheet: Worldwide Trafficking Estimates by Organizations
.”
UNESCO Trafficking Project
. .
U.S. Agency for International Aid (USAID)
.
2004
.
United States Assessment Report on Anti-trafficking in Eurasia
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
.
2002
.
Trafficking in Persons Report
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
.
2003
.
Trafficking in Persons Report
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
.
2005
.
Trafficking in Persons Report
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
.
2006
.
Trafficking in Persons Report
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
.
2011
.
Trafficking in Persons Report
.
Washington, DC
:
Government Printing Office
.
U.S. Department of State
. “
U.S. Government Anti-trafficking in Persons Program Funding 2002–2008
.” .
U.S. Department of State
.
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. “Four ‘Ps’: Prevention, Protection, Prosecution, Partnerships.”
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.state.gov/j/tip/4p/
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

References

References
Abalkin
,
Leonid
.
1990
. “
The Market in a Socialist Economy
.”
Problems of Economic Transition
32
(
10
):
6
19
.
Abubikirova
,
Svetlana
,
Klimenkova
S.
,
Kochkina
E.
, and
Regentova
M.
.
1998
.
“Zhenskoe organizatsii v Rossii sevodnia” [Women’s organizations in Russia today]
. In
Spravochnik Zhenskie Nepravitel’stvenniie organizatsii Rossii i SNG [Guidebook of women’s independent organizations in Russia and the FSU]
.
Compiled by M. Eslan. Accessed January 6, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/texts/wom_org_Today.htm
.
Agathangelou
,
Anna M.
2004
.
The Global Political Economy of Sex: Desire, Violence, and Insecurity in Mediterranean Nation States
.
New York
:
Palgrave
.
Agustín
,
Laura
.
2007
.
Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Aivazova
,
Svetlana
.
1998
.
Russkie zhenshchiny v labirinte ravopraviia [Russian women in the labyrinth of equality]
.
Moscow
:
Rik Rusanova
.
Alchuk
,
Anna
.
2006
. “
The Tactics and Strategy of Resisting Masculine Culture: A Long-term Artistic Project
.” In
Gender Check: A Reader Art and Theory in Eastern Europe
, ed.
Pejić
Bojana
,
225–32
.
Cologne
:
Verlag der Buchhandlung
.
Alexseev
,
Mikhail
.
2010
. “
Majority and Minority Xenophobia in Russia: The Importance of Being Titulars
.”
Post- Soviet Affairs
26
(
2
):
89
120
.
Altman
,
Dennis
.
2001
.
Global Sex
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
American Bar Association Central European and Eurasian Law Intiative
.
2006
.
CEDAW Assessment Tool Report for the Russian Federation
.
Moscow
:
ABA/CEELI
.
Anderson
,
Benedict
.
1991
.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism
.
New York
:
Verso Press
.
Andrijasevic
,
Rutvica
.
2007
. “
Beautiful Dead Bodies: Gender, Migration and Representation in Anti-trafficking Campaigns
.”
Feminist Review
86
:
24
44
.
Andrijasevic
,
Rutvica
.
2010
.
Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
.
New York
:
Palgrave
.
Anker
,
Christien van den
, and
Doomernik
Jeroen
, eds.
2006
.
Trafficking and Women’s Rights
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Appel
,
Hilary
.
2004
.
A New Capitalist Order: Privatization and Ideology in Russia and Eastern Europe
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Aslan
,
Özlem
, and
Gambetti
Zeynep
.
2011
. “
Provincializing Frasers’ History: Feminism and Neoliberalism Revisited
.”
History of the Present
1
(
1
):
130
47
.
Attwood
,
Lynn
.
1997
. “
She Was Asking for It: Rape and Domestic Violence against Women
.” In
Post- Soviet Women: From the Baltic to Central Asia
, ed.
Buckley
Mary
,
99
118
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
1995
. “
Women as Presented by the Russian Media
.”
A Report for the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
. .
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
1998
. “
Democracy Minus Women Is Not Democracy
.”
Current Digest of the Soviet Press
,
April
8
.
Azhgikhina
,
Nadezhda
.
2000
. “
Empowering Russia’s Women: Will Their Potential Be Tapped?
” In
Russia’s Fate through Russian Eyes: Voices of the New Generation
, ed.
Isham
Heyward
,
212
34
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview Press
.
Babenko
,
Mikhail
.
2009
. “
Understanding Russia’s Demographic Challenge
.”
Development and Transition
14
:
30
31
.
Bakker
,
Isabella
, and
Gill
Stephen
.
2003
.
Power, Production, and Social Reproduction: Human In/Security in the Global Political Economy
.
Hampshire, UK
:
Palgrave Macmillan
.
Bales
,
Kevin
.
1999
.
Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Barker
,
Joanne
.
2008
. “
Gender, Sovereignty, Rights: Native Women’s Activism against Social Inequality and Violence in Canada
.”
American Quarterly
60
(
2
):
259
66
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
.
1979
.
Female Sexual Slavery
.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ
:
Prentice-Hall
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
.
1981
. “
International Feminism: Sexual Politics and the World Conference on Women in Copenhagen
.”
Feminist Issues
1
(
2
):
37
50
.
Barry
,
Kathleen
,
Bunch
Charlotte
, and
Castley
Shirley
.
1984
.
International Feminism: Networking against Female Sexual Slavery: Report of the Global Feminist Workshop to Organize against Traffic in Women, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, April 6–15, 1983
.
New York
:
International Women’s Tribune Centre
.
Basu
,
Amrita
.
2000
. “
Globalization of the Local/Localization of the Global: Mapping Transnational Women’s Movements
.”
Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism
1
(
1
):
68
84
.
Belyakova
,
A. M.
,
Bekiayeva
Z. S.
,
Sheptulina
N. N.
, and
Tokunova
V. N.
, eds.
1978
.
Soviet Legislation on Women’s Rights
.
Moscow
:
Progress
.
Benería
,
Lourdes
.
2003
.
Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Benería
,
Lourdes
, and
Sen
Gita
.
1981
. “
Accumulation, Reproduction, and ‘Women’s Role in Economic Development’: Boserup Revisited
.”
Signs
7
(
2
):
279
98
.
Berman
,
Jacqueline
.
2010
. “
Biopolitical Management, Economic Calculation and ‘Trafficked Women.’
International Migration
48
(
4
):
84
113
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
.
2007
.
Temporarily Yours: Intimacy, Authenticity, and the Commerce of Sex
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Bernstein
,
Elizabeth
.
2012
. “
Carceral Politics as Gender Justice? The ‘Traffic in Women’ and Neoliberal Circuits of Crime, Sex, and Rights
.”
Theory and Society
41
(
3
):
233
59
.
Bernstein
,
Laurie
.
1995
.
Sonia’s Daughters: Prostitutes and Their Regulation in Imperial Russia
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Bevacqua
,
Maria
.
2000
.
Rape on the Public Agenda: Feminism and the Politics of Sexual Assault
.
Boston
:
Northeastern University Press
.
Bhattacharjee
,
Anannya
.
1997
. “
The Public/Private Mirage: Mapping Homes and Undomesticating Violence Work in the South Asian Immigrant Community
.” In
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
, ed.
Alexander
M. Jacqui
and
Mohanty
Chandra
,
308–29
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Binnie
,
Jon
.
2013
. “
Neoliberalism, Class, Gender and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Politics in Poland
.”
International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society
27
(
2
):
241
57
.
“Biznes Zhenshchinam k Litsy” [Business ladies up close]
.
1996
.
Ekonomika i Zhizn [Economics and life]
,
March
9
.
Bloch
,
Alexia
.
2013
. “
Citizenship, Belonging, and Moldovan Migrants in Post-Soviet Russia
.”
Ethnos: Journal of Ethnography
79
(
4
):
1
28
.
Blomfield
,
Adrian
.
2008
. “
Sexual Harassment Okay as It Ensures Human Breed, Russian Judge Rules
.”
Telegraph
,
July
29
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
.
2007
. “
The Origins of Neoliberalism between Soviet Socialism and Western Capitalism: ‘A Galaxy without Borders.’
Theory and Society
36
(
4
):
343
71
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
.
2011
.
Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Bockman
,
Johanna
, and
Eyal
Gil
.
2002
. “
Eastern Europe as a Laboratory for Economic Knowledge: The Transnational Roots of Neoliberalism
.”
American Journal of Sociology
108
(
2
):
310
52
.
Borenstein
,
Eliot
.
2008
.
Overkill: Sex and Violence in Contemporary Russian Popular Culture
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Klein
Jennifer
.
2012
.
Caring for America: Home Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Boris
,
Eileen
, and
Parreñas
Rhacel Salazar
, eds.
2010
.
Intimate Labors: Cultures, Technologies, and the Politics of Care
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Boserup
,
Ester
.
1970
.
Woman’s Role in Economic Development
.
London
:
Earthscan
.

Bought and Sold. 1997. Directed by Gillian Caldwell and Anne Gartlan, produced by the Global Survival Network.

Boutros-Ghali
Boutros
.
1995
. “
Overview
.” In
The United Nations and The Advancement of Women 1945–1995
,
1
9
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Boyer
,
Dominic
, and
Yurchak
Alexei
.
2010
. “
American Stiob: Or, What Late-Socialist Aesthetics of Parody Reveal about Contemporary Political Culture in the West
.”
Cultural Anthropology
25
(
2
):
179
221
.
Bradshaw
,
Michael
, and
Stenning
Alison
, eds.
2004
.
East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union: The Post-socialist States
.
Harlow, UK
:
Pearson
.
Brainerd
,
Elizabeth
.
2010
. “
Human Development in Eastern Europe and the CIS since 1990
.”
Geneva
:
UNDP
. .
Brennan
,
Denise
.
2004
.
What’s Love Got to Do with It? Transnational Desires and Sex Tourism in the Dominican Republic
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Brennan
,
Denise
.
2008
. “
Competing Claims of Victimhood?: Foreign and Domestic ‘Victims’ of Trafficking in the United States
.”
Sexuality Research and Social Policy
5
(
4
):
45
61
.
Bristow
,
Edward J.
1983
.
Prostitution and Prejudice: The Jewish Fight against White Slavery, 1870–1939
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
.
Browning
,
Genia
.
1987
.
Women and Politics in the USSR
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
.
Brussa
,
Licia
.
1991
.
Survey on Prostitution, Migration and Traffic in Women: History and Current Situation
.
Strasbourg
:
Council of Europe
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
.
2002
.
Dreamworld and Catastrophe: The Passing of Mass Utopia in East and West
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
Bucur
,
Maria
.
2008
. “
An Archipelago of Stories: Gender History in Eastern Europe
.”
American Historical Review
113
(
5
):
1375
89
.
Bumiller
,
Kristin
.
2008
.
In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement against Sexual Violence
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Bunch
,
Charlotte
, and
Carillo
Roxanna
.
1991
.
Gender Violence: A Development and Human Rights Issue
.
New York
:
Garland
.
Bunch
,
Charlotte
, and
Reilly
Niamh
, eds.
1994
.
Demanding Accountability: The Global Campaign and Vienna Tribunal for Women’s Human Rights
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
.
1996
. “
The State and Economic Involution: Russia through a Chinese Lens
.”
World Development
24
(
6
):
1105
17
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
.
2002
. “
Transition without Transformation: Russia’s Involuntary Road to Capitalism
.”
East European Politics and Societies
15
(
2
):
269
90
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
, and
Krotov
Pavel
.
1993
. “
The Economic Basis of Russia’s Political Crisis
.”
New Left Review
198
(
March–April
):
49
69
.
Burawoy
,
Michael
, and
Verdery
Katherine
.
1999
.
Uncertain Transition: Ethnographies of Change in the Postsocialist World
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowman and Littlefield
.
Burdeau
,
C.
2001
. “
Russian Women Find Success in Workplace
.”
Russia Journal
,
December
14
.
Business Ladies Increasing in Russia
.”
2004
.
RIA Novosti
,
November
29
.
Butler
,
Judith
.
2006
.
Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Loss
.
London
:
Verso Press
.
Buvinic
,
Mayra
.
1976
. “
A Critical Review of Some Research Concepts and Concerns
.” In
Women and World Development, an Annotated Bibliography
, ed.
Buvinic
Mayra
,
1–20
.
Washington, DC
:
Overseas Development Office
.
Byrd
,
Jodi
.
2011
.
The Transit of Empire: Indigenous Critiques of Colonialism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Cabezas
,
Amalia L.
2009
.
Economies of Desire: Sex and Tourism in Cuba and the Do-minican Republic
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
.
Caldwell
,
Melissa
.
2004
.
Not by Bread Alone
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Castellas
,
Manuel
.
2000
.
End of Millennium
. Vol.
3
. 2nd ed.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
2011
. “
Making Macroeconomics Work for Us: A Feminist Perspective
.”
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
. .
Chapkis
,
Wendy
.
1997
.
Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Charkiewicz
,
Ewa
.
2009
. “
The Impact of the Crisis on Women in Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Association for Women’s Rights in Development Brief 8
. .
Chaterjee
,
Partha
.
2005
. “
The Nation in Heterogeneous Time
.”
Futures
37
:
925
42
.
Chen
,
Martha Alter
.
1995
. “
Engendering World Conferences: The International Women’s Movement and the United Nations
.”
Third World Quarterly
16
(
3
):
477
93
.
Chew
,
Lin
.
2005
. “
Reflections by an Anti-trafficking Activist
.” In
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex Work, and Human Rights
, ed.
Kempadoo
Kamala
,
65
80
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
.
Chirkova
,
Alla
.
2002
.
“Zhenskoe predprinimatl’stvo v Rossii” [Female entrepreneurship in Russia]
. In
Gender i Ekonomika: Mirovoi opyt i ekspertiza Rossiiskoi praktiki
, ed.
Mezentseva
Elena
,
234
429
.
Moscow
:
Russkaia Panorama
.
Chow
,
Rey
.
2006
.
The Age of the World Target: Self-Referentiality in War, Theory, and Comparative Work
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Chuang
,
J.
2006
. “
Beyond a Snapshot: Preventing Human Trafficking in the Global Economy
.”
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies
13
(
1
):
137
63
.
Clark
,
Roger
.
1994
.
The United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program: Formulation of Standards and Efforts at Their Implementation
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Clinton
,
William Jefferson
.
1996
. “
Remarks by the President at Human Rights Day Event, December 10, 1996
.” .
Clinton
,
William Jefferson
.
1998
. “
Memorandum on Steps to Combat Violence Against Women and Trafficking in Women and Girls, March 11, 1998
.” .
Cohen
,
Susanne
.
2013
. “
Image of a Secretary: A Metapragmatic Morality for Post-Soviet Capitalism
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
86
(
3
):
725
58
.
Commission on the Status of Women
. n.d. .
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
.
1992
. “
General Recommendation No. 19
.” .
Consortium of Women’s Non-Governmental Associations
.
2010
. “
Implementation by the Russian Federation of un Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
.” .
Coomeraswamy
,
Radhika
.
1996
.
Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Its Causes and Consequences
.
Geneva
:
United Nations
.
Crawshaw
,
Steve
.
1994
. “
Gangland Feud Suspected as Six Die in Frankfurt Brothel
.” Independent, August 17.
Crenshaw
,
Kimberle
.
1991
. “
Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color
.”
Stanford Law Review
43
(
6
):
1241
99
.
Danailova-Trainor
,
Gergana
, and
Laczko
Frank
.
2010
. “
Trafficking in Persons and Development: Towards Greater Policy Coherence
.”
International Migration
48
(
4
):
38
83
.
Davidson
,
Julia O’Connell
.
2006
. “
Will the Real Sex Slave Please Stand Up?
Feminist Review
83
:
4
22
.
Davis
,
Angela
.
2000
. “
The Color of Violence against Women
.”
Colorlines: The News-magazine on Race and Politics
10
.
Accessed January 6, 2015. www.colorlines.com
.
“Deputaty zanialis’ seksual’nymi domogatel’stvami” [Deputies consider sexual harassment]
.
2012
.
Newsru.com
,
September
24
. .
“Deputaty zashchitiat zhenshchin ot seksual’nykh domogatel’stv” [Deputies protect women from sexual harassment]
.
2012
.
Izvestia
,
September
24
.
DAWN (Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era)
.
1987
.
Development, Crises, and Alternative Visions: Third World Perspectives
.
New York
:
Monthly Review Press
.
de Haan
,
Francisca
.
2010
. “
Continuing Cold War Paradigms in the Western Historiography of Transnational Women’s Organizations: The Case of the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF)
.”
Women’s History Review
19
(
4
):
547
673
.
de Haan
,
Francisca
,
Daskalova
Krassimira
, and
Loutfi
Anna
, eds.
2008
.
A Biographical Dictionary of Women’s Movements and Feminisms: Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
.
Budapest
:
Central European University Press
.
Desai
,
Padma
.
1997
.
Going Global: Transition from Plan to Market in the World Economy
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
DeStefano
,
Anthony
.
2008
.
The War on Human Trafficking: U.S. Policy Assessed
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
De Stoop
,
Chris
.
1994
.
They Are So Sweet, Sir: The Cruel World of Traffickers in Filipinas and Other Women
.
Leuven, Belgium
:
Limitless Asia
.
Ditmore
,
Melissa
.
2005
. “
Trafficking in Lives: How Ideology Shapes Policy
.” In
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered
, ed.
Kempadoo
Kamala
,
107
26
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
.
Djankov
,
Simeon
,
Glaeser
Edward
,
Porta
Rafael La
,
Lopez-de-Silanes
Florencio
, and
Shleifer
Andrei
.
2003
. “
The New Comparative Politics
.”
Journal of Comparative Economics
31
:
595
619
.
Doezma
,
Jo
.
2010
.
Sex Slaves and Discourse Masters: The Construction of Trafficking
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Eastern Promises
.
Directed by David Cronenberg
.
1997
.
New York
:
Focus Features
.
Einhorn
,
Barbara
.
1991
. “
Where Have All the Women Gone? Women and the Women’s Movement in East Central Europe”
.
Feminist Review
39
:
16
36
.
Einhorn
,
Barbara
.
2006
.
Citizenship in an Enlarging Europe: From Dream to Awakening
.
London
:
Palgrave
.
Ellerman
,
David
.
2003
. “
On the Russian Privatization Debate
.”
Challenge
46
(
3
):
6
28
.
Engerman
,
David
.
2011
. “
The Second World’s Third World
.”
Kritika
12
(
1
):
183
211
.
Enloe
,
Cynthia
.
1990
.
Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics
.
London
:
Pandora
.
Eschle
,
Catherine
, and
Maiguashca
Bice
.
2011
.
Making Feminist Sense of the Global Justice Movement
.
Lanham, MD
:
Roman and Littlefield
.
Escobar
,
Arturo
.
1992
. “
Imagining a Postdevelopment Era? Critical Thought, Development, and Social Movements
.”
Social Text
31/32
:
20
56
.
Escobar
,
Arturo
.
1995
.
Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Etkind
,
Alexander
.
2013
. “
Post-Soviet Hauntology: Cultural Memory of the Soviet Terror
.”
Constellations
16
(
1
):
182
200
.
European Council of Justice and Home Affairs Ministers
.
1989
.
Resolution on the Exploitation of Prostitution and the Traffic in Human Beings
.
European Parliament Doc. A2–52/89
.
Eyal
,
Gil
.
2000
. “
Anti-politics and the Spirit of Capitalism: Dissidents, Monetarists, and the Czech Transition to Capitalism
.”
Theory and Society
29
(
1
):
49
92
.
Fábián
,
Katalin
.
2010
.
Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States: Local Activism, National Policies, and Global Forces
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Fábián
,
Katalin
.
2014
. “
Disciplining the ‘Second World’: The Relationship between Transnational and Local Forces in Contemporary Hungarian Women’s Social Movements
.”
East European Politics
30
(
1
):
1
20
.
Fernand-Laurent
Jean
.
1985
.
Activities for the Advancement of Women: Equality, Development, and Peace: Report of Jean Fernand-Laurent, Special Rapporteur on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Fieldon
,
Sandra
, and
Davidson
Marilyn J.
, eds.
2010
.
Handbook on Successful Women Entrepreneurs
.
Northamptom, MA
:
Edward Elgar
.
Finckenauer
,
James
.
2001
. “
Russian Transnational Organized Crime and Human Trafficking
.” In
Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives
, ed.
Kyle
David
and
Koslowski
Rey
,
166
86
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Fitzpatrick
,
Sheila
, and
Slezkine
Yuri
.
2000
.
In the Shadow of Revolution: Life Stories of Russian Women from 1917 to the Second World War
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Fleming
,
Michael
.
2012
. “
The Regime of Violence in Socialist and Postsocialist Poland
.”
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
102
(
2
):
482
89
.
Fodor
,
Éva
.
1997
. “
Gender in Transition: Unemployment in Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia
.”
East European Politics and Societies
11
(
3
):
470
500
.
Fodor
,
Éva
.
2004
. “
The State Socialist Emancipation Project: Gender Inequality in Workplace Authority in Hungary and Austria
.”
Signs
29
(
3
):
782
813
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
1972
.
The Archeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language
.
New York
:
Pantheon
.
Fraser
,
Arvonne
.
1987
.
The U.N. Decade for Women Documents and Dialogue
.
Boulder, CO
:
Westview Press
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
1997
.
Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the “Postsocialist” Condition
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
.
2009
. “
Feminism, Capitalism and the Cunning of History
.”
New Left Review
56
:
97
117
.
Fraser
,
Nancy
, and
Gordon
Linda
.
1994
. “
A Genealogy of Dependency: Tracing a Keyword of the U.S. Welfare State
.”
Signs
19
(
2
):
309
36
.
Fregoso
,
Rosa-Linda
, and
Bejarano
Cynthia
, eds.
2010
.
Terrorizing Women: Feminicide in the Américas
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Friedman
,
Robert
.
2002
.
Red Mafiya: How the Russian Mob Has Invaded America
.
Boston
:
Berkley
.
Friesendorf
,
Cornelius
.
2007
. “
Pathologies of Security Governance: Efforts against Human Trafficking in Europe
.”
Security Dialogue
38
(
3
):
379
402
.
Fudge
,
Judy
, and
Owens
Rosemary
.
2006
.
Precarious Work, Women and the New Economy: The Challenge to Legal Norms
.
Oxford
:
Hart
.
Fukuyama
,
Francis
.
1992
.
The End of History and the Last Man
.
Ann Arbor, MI
:
Free Press
.
Füllsack
,
Manfred
.
2001
. “
Official Figures and Unofficial Realities: Employment Rates and Their Significance in Russia
.”
Europe-Asia Studies
53
(
4
):
613
25
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2004
. “
Feminist Critiques of Liberalism: Can They Travel East? Their Relevance in Eastern and Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union
.”
Signs
29
(
3
):
695
726
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2007
. “
Fifteen Years of the East-West Women’s Dialogue
.” In
Living Gender after Communism
, ed.
Johnson
Janet Elise
and
Robinson
Jean C.
,
203
26
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Funk
,
Nanette
.
2012
. “
Contra Fraser on Feminism and Neoliberalism
.”
Hypatia
28
(
1
):
179
96
.
Funk
,
Nanette
, and
Mueller
Magda
, eds.
1993
.
Gender Politics and Post-Communism
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Gaidar
,
Egor
.
2003
.
State and Evolution: Russia’s Search for a Free Market
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
.
Gal
,
Susan
, and
Kligman
Gail
.
2000
.
The Politics of Gender and Socialism: A Comparative-Historical Essay
.
Princeton, NJ
:
Princeton University Press
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2001
. “
Human Rights and the New un Protocols on Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling: A Preliminary Analysis
.”
Human Rights Quarterly
23
(
4
):
975
1004
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2006
. “
Recent Legal Developments in the Field of Human Trafficking: A Critical Review of the 2005 European Convention and Related Instruments
.”
European Journal of Migration and Law
8
:
163
89
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
.
2009
. “
Human Rights and Human Trafficking: Quagmire or Firm Ground? A Response to James Hathaway
.”
Virginia Journal of International Law
49
(
4
):
789
848
.
Gallagher
,
Anne
, and
Pearson
Elaine
.
2010
. “
The High Cost of Freedom: A Legal and Policy Analysis of Shelter Detention for Victims of Trafficking
.”
Human Rights Quarterly
32
(
1
):
73
114
.
Gerber
,
Theodore
, and
Mayorova
Olga
.
2006
. “
Dynamic Gender Differences in a Post-socialist Labour Market: Russia, 1991–1997
.”
Social Forces
84
(
4
):
2047
75
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2003
. “
And If the Shoe Doesn’t Fit? (Wear It Anyway?): Economic Transformation and Western Paradigm of ‘Women in Development’ in Post-communist Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Gender and Women’s Studies Quarterly
31
(
3/4
):
19
36
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2005
.
The Red Riviera: Gender, Tourism, and Postsocialism on the Black Sea
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2010
. “
Revisiting the United Nations Decade for Women: Brief Reflections on Feminism, Capitalism and Cold War Politics in the Early Years of the International Women’s Movement
.”
Women’s Studies International Forum
33
:
3
12
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2012
. “
Rethinking State Socialist Mass Women’s Organizations: The Committee of the Bulgarian Women’s Movement and the United Nations Decade for Women, 1975–1985
.”
Journal of Women’s History
24
(
4
):
49
73
.
Ghodsee
,
Kristen
.
2013
. “
Transnational State Feminisms: Bulgarian, African and South Asian Women’s Movements during the Cold War
.”
Lecture presented at Ohio State University
,
Sawyer Seminar
,
October 14
.
Gibson-Graham
,
J. K.
1996
.
The End of Capitalism (As We Knew It): A Feminist Critique of Political Economy
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
.
Gille
,
Zsuzsa
.
2010
. “
Is There a Global Postsocialist Condition?
Global Society
24
(
1
):
9
30
.
Glajar
,
Valentina
, and
Radulescu
Domnica
, eds.
2004
.
Vampirettes, Wretches, and Amazons: Western Representations of East European Women
.
New York
:
East European Monographs
.
Glass
,
Christy
.
2008
. “
Gender and Work during Transition
.”
East European Politics and Societies
22
(
4
):
757
83
.
Glickman
,
Rose L.
1984
.
Russian Factory Women: Workplace and Society, 1880–1914
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Glinski
,
Dmitri
, and
Reddaway
Peter
.
1999
. “
The Ravages of Market Bolshevism
.”
Journal of Democracy
10
(
2
):
19
34
.
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
.
2007
.
Collateral Damage: The Impact of Anti-trafficking Measures on Human Trafficking
.
Bangkok
:
Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
.
Global Mafia
.”
1993
.
Newsweek
,
December
12
.
Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP)
.
2011
. “
Sex Work Is Not Trafficking: Briefing Paper No. 3
.” .
Global Survival Network
.
1997
. “
Crime and Servitude: An Epose of the Traffic in Women for Prostitution from the Newly Independent States
.”
Presented at the International Conference, “The Trafficking of NIS Women Abroad,”
Moscow
,
November 3–5
.
Global Tribunal on Violations of Women’s Human Rights
.
1994
.
Testimonies of the Global Tribunal on Violations of Women’s Human Rights at the United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June 1993
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University, Center for Women’s Global Leadership
.
Goodey
,
Jo
.
2004
. “
Sex Trafficking in Women from Central and East European Countries: Promoting a ‘Victim-Centered’ and ‘Woman-Centered’ Approach to Criminal Justice Intervention
.”
Feminist Review
76
:
26
45
.
Goodman
,
Walter
.
1990
. “
Koppel on ‘Sex in the Soviet Union.’
New York Times
,
December
19
.
Gorbachev
,
Mikhail
.
1987
.
Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World
.
New York
:
Harper and Row
.
Gordon
,
Leonid
, and
Temkina
Anna
.
1993
. “
Rabochee dvizhenie v postsotsialisticheskoi Rossii” [The labor movement in postsocialist Russia]
.
Obshchestvenye Nauki i Sovremenost
3
:
31
44
.
Goscilo
,
Helena
.
1996
.
Dehexing Sex: Russian Womanhood during and after Glasnost
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Gowan
,
Peter
.
1995
. “
Neo-liberal Theory and Practice for Eastern Europe
.”
New Left Review
213
:
3
60
.
Graff
,
Agnieszka
.
2003
. “
Lost between the Waves? The Paradoxes of Feminist Chronology and Activism in Contemporary Poland
.”
Journal of International Women’s Studies
4
(
2
):
100
116
.
Greskovits
Béla
.
1998
.
The Political Economy of Protest and Patience: East European and Latin American Transformations Compared
.
New York
:
Central European University Press
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
, and
Kaplan
Caren
.
2004
.
Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Grinberg
,
Ruslan
.
2004
. “
To the Readers of ‘The World of Transformations.’
Mir Peremen [World of transformations]
vol.
1
(
January
).
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.imepi-eurasia.ru/eng/mir.php
.
Grjebine
,
Lois
, ed.
1986
. “
Reporting on Prostitution: The Media, Women and Prostitution in India, Malaysia and the Philippines
.”
UNESCO report
.
New Delhi
:
UNESCO
.
Guenther
,
Katja
.
2011
. “
The Possibilities and Pitfalls of NGO Feminism: Insights from Postsocialist Eastern Europe
.”
Signs
36
(
4
):
863
87
.
Gunning
,
Isabelle R.
1998
. “
Cutting through the Obfuscation: Female Genital Surgeries in Neoimperial Culture
.” In
Talking Visions: Multicultural Feminism in a Transnational Age
, ed.
Shohat
Ella
,
203
24
.
New York
:
MIT Press
.
Hall
,
Lisa Kahaleole
.
2008
. “
Strategies of Erasure: U.S. Colonialism and Native Hawaiian Feminism
.”
American Quarterly
60
(
2
):
273
80
.
Hamilton
,
Denise
.
1991
. “
Changing Lifestyles— Prostitution Rising as Tough Times Wear on Soviet People
.”
Los Angeles Times
,
November
12
.
Harrington
,
Carol
.
2011
. “
Resolution 1325 and Post–Cold War Feminist Politics
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
13
(
4
):
557
75
.
Harvey
,
David
.
2005
.
A Brief History of Neoliberalism
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Hašková
,
Hana
.
2005
. “
Czech Women’s Civic Organizing under the State Socialist Regime, Socio-economic Transformation and the EU Accession Period
.”
Czech Sociological Review
41
(
6
):
1077
110
.
Havelková
,
Hana
, and
Oates-Indruchová
Libora
, eds.
2014
.
The Politics of Gender under State Socialism: An Expropriated Voice
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Hawkesworth
,
Mary
.
2006
.
Globalization and Feminist Activism
.
Lanham, MD
:
Rowan and Littlefield
.
Haynes
,
Dina Francesca
.
2007
. “
(Not) Found Chained to a Bed in a Brothel: Conceptual, Legal, and Procedural Failures to Fulfill the Promise of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act
.”
Georgetown Immigration Law Journal
21
(
3
):
337
81
.
Heise
,
L.
, and
Chapman
J. R.
.
1992
. “
Reflections on a Movement: The U.S. Battle against Women Abuse
.” In
Freedom from Violence: Women’s Strategies from around the World
, ed.
Schuler
Margaret
,
257
96
.
Washington, DC
:
OEF International
.
Helmore
,
K.
1985
. “
The Neglected Resource: Women in the Developing World
.”
Christian Science Monitor
,
December
19
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
1999
. “
Gender Violence in Crisis: Russian NGOS Help Themselves to Liberal Feminist Discourse
.”
Anthropology of East Europe Review
17
(
1
):
35
38
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
2004
. “
Global Civil Society and the Local Costs of Belonging: Defining Violence against Women in Russia
.”
Signs
29
(
31
):
815
40
.
Hemment
,
Julie
.
2007
.
Empowering Women in Russia: Activism, Aid and NGOS
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Hewitt
,
Nancy
, ed.
2010
.
No Permanent Waves: Recasting Histories of U.S. Feminism
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Rutgers University Press
.
Holmgren
,
Beth
.
1995
. “
Bug Inspectors and Beauty Queens: The Problems of Translating Feminism into Russian
.” In
Genders 22: Postcommunism and the Body Politic
, ed.
Barry
Ellen
,
15
31
.
New York
:
NYU Press
.
Holmgren
,
Beth
.
2013
. “
Toward an Understanding of Gendered Agency in Contemporary Russia
.”
Signs
38
(
3
):
535
42
.
Honsell
,
Furio
.
2004
. “
The Times They Are A-Changin’: Research Networks for Understanding and Disseminating Transition and Innovation
.”
Transition Studies Review
11
(
3
):
1
3
.
Horvat
,
Srećko
, and
Štiks
Igor
.
2012
. “
Welcome to the Desert of Transition!: Postsocialism, the European Union, and a New Left in the Balkans
.”
Monthly Review
63
(
10
):
38
48
.
Hrycak
,
Alexandra
.
2010
. “
Transnational Advocacy Campaigns and Domestic Violence Prevention in Ukraine
.” In
Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States: Local Activism, National Policies and Global Forces
, ed.
Fábián
Katalin
,
45
77
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Hrycak
,
Alexandra
.
2012
. “
Theorizing the Response of the Ukrainian State to Transnational Campaigns to Combat Violence against Women
.”
Paper presented at the Forty-Fourth Annual Convention of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies
.
New Orleans
,
November 15
.
Hua
,
Julietta
.
2011
.
Trafficking Women’s Human Rights
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Hughes
,
Donna
.
2000
. “
The ‘Natasha’ Trade: The Transnational Shadow Market of Trafficking in Women
.”
Journal of International Affairs
53
(
2
):
625
51
.
Hughes
,
Donna
.
2002
. “
Prostitution in Russia, Does the U.S. State Department Back the Legalization of Prostitution?
National Review
,
November
21
.
Hughes
,
Donna
, and
Denisova
Tatyana
.
2002
.
Trafficking in Women from Ukraine. Report funded by the U.S. Department of Justice
.
Washington, DC
:
U.S. Department of Justice
.
Human Rights Watch
.
1995
.
Neither Jobs nor Justice: State Discrimination against Women in Russia
. .
Humphrey
,
Caroline
.
2002
.
The Unmaking of Soviet Life: Everyday Economies after Socialism
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Hunt
,
Swanee
.
1997
. “
For East Bloc Women, A Dearth of Democracy
.”
International Herald Tribune
,
July
10
.
Huntington
,
Samuel P.
1991
.
The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
.
Norman
:
University of Oklahoma Press
.
Huston
,
Patricia
.
1979
.
Third World Women Speak Out
.
New York
:
Praeger
.
Ibroscheva
,
Elza
.
2013
.
Advertising, Sex, and Post-Socialism: Women, Media, and Femininity in the Balkans
.
Lanham, MD
:
Lexington Books
.
Incite! Women of Color Against Violence
.
2006
.
Color of Violence: The Incite! Anthology
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Informatsionnii Tsentr Nezavisimogo Forum [Information center of the independent forum]
. n.d. “
Polozhenie zhenshchin i Natsional’nyi mekhamizm
[Position of women in national mechanisms]
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/
.
International Labour Organization
.
2005a
. “
A Global Alliance Against Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2005b
. “
Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Estimating the Profits
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2009
. “
The Cost of Coercion
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2012
. “
ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Labour Organization
.
2014
. “
Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour
.”
Geneva
:
International Labour Office
.
International Meeting of Experts on Sexual Exploitation, Violence, and Prostitution
.
1992
.
Penn State Report
.
Pennsylvania State University, UNESCO and Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
.
IOM (International Organization for Migration)
.
1995
. “
Trafficking and Prostitution: The Growing Exploitation of Migrant Women from Central and Eastern Europe
.”
Brussels
:
Migration Information Programme
.
IOM
. “
It Could Happen to Any of Us
.”
2013
.
Anti-trafficking Public Service Announcement. MTV. Accessed January 13, 2015. http://vimeo.com/48386246
.
Iukina
,
Irina
.
2003
. “
Zhenskoe Dvizhenie Rossii, Tsenz Pola i Sufrazhizm” [The women’s movement in Russia, sex restrictions and suffrage]
. In
Gendernaia Rekon-struktsiia Politicheskikh Sistem [A gendered reconstruction of the political system]
, ed.
Kirichenko
M. M.
,
Kochkina
E. V.
, and
Stepanova
N. M.
,
279
99
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
ISPG
.
Ivanova
,
Tamara
.
1998
. “
Women Complain about Discrimination at Work, Low Wages
.”
ITAR-TASS News Agency
,
March
7
.
Jain
,
Devaki
.
2005
.
Women, Development, and the UN: A Sixty-Year Quest for Equality and Justice
.
2005
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Jegelevicius
,
Linas
. “
Transitions Online
.”
Transitions Online
.
Accessed December 11, 2012. http://www.tol.org
.
Johnson
,
Erika
.
2007
.
Dreaming of a Mail-Order Husband: Russian-American Internet Romance
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2001
. “
Privatizing Pain: The Problem of Woman Battery in Russia
.”
NWSA Journal
13
(
3
):
153
68
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2004
. “
Sisterhood versus the ‘Moral’ Russian State: The Postcommunist Politics of Rape
.” In
Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: National Building, Economic Survival, and Civic Activism
, ed.
Kuehnast
Kathleen
and
Nechimas
Carol
,
217
40
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
.
2009
.
Gender Violence in Russia: The Politics of Feminist Intervention
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Johnson
,
Janet Elise
, and
Robinson
Jean C.
, eds.
2007
.
Living Gender after Communism
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
.
Kabeer
,
Naila
.
1994
.
Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development Thought
.
London
:
Verso
.
Kalb
,
Don
.
2009
. “
Conversations with a Polish Populist: Tracing Hidden Histories of Globalization, Class and Dispossession in Postsocialism (and Beyond)
.”
American Ethnologist
36
(
2
):
207
23
.
Kara
,
Siddharth
.
2009
.
Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Karat Coalition
. n.d. “
Gender and Development
.” .
Kaşka
,
Selemin
.
2006
.
The New International Migration and Migrant Women in Turkey: The Case of the Moldovan Domestic Workers
.
MiReKoc Research Projects
. .
Katz
,
Katarina
.
2001
.
Gender, Work, and Wages in the Soviet Union: A Legacy of Discrimination
.
Hampshire, UK
:
Palgrave
.
Kay
,
Rebecca
.
2006
.
Men in Contemporary Russia: The Fallen Heroes of Post-Soviet Change?
Aldershot, UK
:
Ashgate
.
Keck
,
Margaret E.
, and
Sikkink
Kathryn
.
1998
.
Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Kelly
,
Liz
.
2005
. “
‘You Can Find Anything You Want’: A Critical Reflection on Research on Trafficking in Persons within and into Europe
.”
International Migration
43
(
1/2
):
235
65
.
Kempadoo
,
Kamala
, ed.
2005
.
Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex, Work, and Human Rights
.
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Keough
,
Leyla J.
2003
. “
Driven Women: Reconceptualizing the Traffic in Women in the Margins of Europe through the Case of Gagauz Mobile Domestics in Istanbul
.”
Anthropology of East Europe Review
21
(
2
):
73
78
.
Keough
,
Leyla J.
2006
. “
Globalizing Postsocialism: Mobile Mothers and Neoliberalism on the Margins of Europe
.”
Anthropological Quarterly
79
(
3
):
431
61
.
Khotkina
,
Zoya
, ed.
1996
.
Seksual’noe Domogatel’stvo na Rabote
.
Moscow
:
RAN
.
Khotkina
,
Zoya
.
2001
. “
Female Unemployment and Informal Employment in Russia
.”
Problems of Economic Transition
43
(
9
):
20
33
.
Khodyreva
,
Natalia
.
2004
. “
The Problem of Trafficking in Women at the Transnational and National Levels
.” In
Crossing Borders: Re-mapping Women’s Movements at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century
, ed.
Christensen
H.
,
Halsaa
B.
, and
Saarinen
A.
,
239
53
.
Odense
:
University Press of Southern Denmark
.
Khodyreva
,
Natalia
.
2006
.
Sovremennye Debaty o Prostitutsii: Gendernyi podkhod [Contemporary debates on prostitution: Gendered approaches]
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Aleteiia
.
Kletsin
,
Alexander
.
1998
.
Sotsiologicheskii analiz seksual’nykh domogatel’stva na rabote [Sociological analysis of sexual harassment at work]
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Institut Sotsiologii RAN
.
Kochkina
,
Elena
.
1997
. “
Co-operation between Eastern and Western Women’s NGOS as Illustrated by the Preparations for the Beijing Conference
.” In
Feminist Theory and Practice: East-West: Papers Presented at International Conference, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 9–12, 1995
, ed. by
Deppe
D.
,
Lipovskaya
O.
,
Klyotsina
A.
,
Kominskaya
M.
,
Kormanshaus
I.
, and
Zhukova
J.
.
St. Petersburg, Russia
:
Petersburg Center for Gender Issues
.
Kofman
,
Eleonore
, and
Roghuram
Parvati
.
2012
. “
Women, Migration, and Care: Explorations of Diversity and Dynamism in the Global South
.”
Social Politics
19
(
3
):
408
32
.
Kollontai
,
Alexandra
.
1977
.
Selected Writings
.
With an introduction by Alix Holt
.
New York
:
Norton
.
Kołodko
,
Grzegorz W.
2000
.
From Shock to Therapy: The Political Economy of Postsocialist Transformation
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Konstantinova
,
Svetlana
.
1996
. “
Russia’s Portrait in the Women’s World Gallery
.”
SAIS Review
16
(
1
):
179
85
.
Kopp
,
Pierre
.
2012
. “
Human Trafficking and International Financial Flows
.” In
Draining Development: Controlling Flows of Illicit Funds from Developing Countries
, ed.
Reuter
Peter
,
171
202
.
Washington, DC
:
World Bank
.
Kostera
,
Monica
.
1995
. “
The Modern Crusade: The Missionaries of Management Come to Eastern Eu rope
.”
Management Learning
26
(
3
):
331
52
.
Kret
,
Abigail Judge
.
2013
. “
‘We Unite with Knowledge’: The Peoples’ Friendship University and Soviet Education for the Third World
.”
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East
33
(
2
):
239
56
.
Kubicek
,
Paul
.
2004
.
Organized Labor in Postcommunist States: From Solidarity to Infirmity
.
Pittsburgh
:
University of Pittsburgh Press
.
Kurkchiyan
,
Marina
.
2003
. “
The Illegitimacy of Law in Post-Soviet Societies
.” In
Law and Informal Practices: The Post-communist Experience
, ed.
Galligan
Denis
and
Kurkchiyan
Marina
,
25
46
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Kuvshchinova
,
Ol’ga
.
2002
.
“Menedzher. Sexual Harassment. Novoe slovo na bukvu X” [Manager: Sexual harassment: A new word that starts with the letter H]
.
Delovoy Peterburg
,
February
4
.
Laczko
,
Frank
.
2005
. “
Introduction: Data and Research on Human Trafficking
.”
International Migration
43
(
1/2
):
5
16
.
Laczko
,
Frank
, and
GoŸdziak
Elżbieta M.
.
2005
.
Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A Global Survey
.
Geneva
:
International Organization for Migration
.
Lang
,
Sabine
.
1997
. “
The NGOization of Feminism: Institutionalization and Institution Building within the German Women’s Movements
.” In
Transitions, Environments, Translations: Feminisms in International Politics
, ed.
Scott
Joan
,
Kaplan
Cora
, and
Keates
Debra
,
101
20
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Laszlo
,
Andor
, and
Martin
Summers
.
1998
.
Market Failure: A Guide to the East European “Economic Miracle.”
London
:
Pluto Press
.
Latouche
,
Serge
.
1993
.
In the Wake of Affluent Society: An Exploration of Post-Development
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Ledeneva
,
Alena V.
2006
.
How Russia Really Works: The Informal Practices That Shaped Post-Soviet Politics and Business
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Leidholdt
,
Dorchen
.
2004
. “
Demand and the Debate
.”
Speech transcript
. .
Leigh
,
Carol
.
2004
.
Unrepentant Whore: The Collected Writings of Scarlot Harlot
.
San Francisco
:
Last Gasp of San Francisco
.
Lewis
,
Martin
, and
Wigen
Kären
.
1997
.
The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Liborakina
,
Marina
.
2002
. “
Zhenshchiny i Privatizatsiia: Rossiiskii Opyt” [Women and privatization: The Russian experience]
. In
Gender i Ekonomika: mirovoi opyt i ekspertiza Rossiiskoi praktiki
, ed.
Mezentseva
Elena
,
250
58
.
Moscow
:
Russkaia Panorama
.
Lilya 4-Ever
.
2002
.
Directed by Lukas Moodyson. Memfis Film
.
Lippe
,
Tanja Van Der
, and
Fodor
Eva
.
1998
. “
Changes in Gender Inequality in Six Eastern European Countries
.”
Acta Sociologica
41
(
2
):
131
49
.
Lipton
,
David
,
Sachs
Jeffrey
,
Fischer
Stanley
, and
Kornai
Janos
.
1990
. “
Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland
.”
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
1
:
75
147
.
Lobasz
,
Jennifer
.
2009
. “
Beyond Border Security: Feminist Approaches to Human Trafficking
.”
Security Studies
18
(
2
):
319
44
.
Lovell
,
Stephen
.
2006
.
Destination in Doubt: Russia since 1989
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Mackie
,
Vera
.
2001
. “
The Language of Globalization, Transnationality and Feminism
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
3
(
2
):
190
206
.
Mader
,
Mary Beth
.
2011
.
Sleights of Reason: Norm, Bisexuality, Development
.
Albany
:
SUNY Press
.
Malarek
,
Victor
.
2004
.
The Natashas: Inside the New Global Sex Trade
.
New York
:
Arcade
.
Maltseva
,
Inna
, and
Roshchin
Sergei
.
2006
.
Gendernaia segregatsiia i trudovaia mobili’nost’ na rossiiskom rynke truda [Gender segregation and labor mobility in the Russian labor market]
.
Moscow
:
SU-HSE Publishing House
.
Mamonova
,
Tatyana
,
Matilsky
Sarah
,
Park
Rebecca
, and
Fitzpatrick
Catherine
, eds.
1984
.
Women and Russia: Feminist Writings from the Soviet Union
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
.
Marable
,
Manning
.
1999
.
How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America: Problems in Race, Political Economy, and Society
.
Cambridge, MA
:
South End Press
.
Marciniak
,
Katarzyna
.
2009
. “
Postsocialist Hybrids
.” In
Media Globalization and Post-socialist Identities
, special issue.
European Journal of Cultural Studies
12
(
2
):
173
90
.
Materialyi Vtorogo Nezavisimogo Zhenskogo Foruma [Material from the Second Independent Women’s Forum]
.
1992
.
Record of forum held in Dubna
,
Russia
,
November 27–29
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/texts/forumr.htm
.
Mazzarino
,
Andrea
.
2013
. “
Entrepreneurial Women and the Business of Self-Development in Global Russia
.”
Signs
38
(
3
):
623
45
.
McGuire
,
Danielle
.
2010
.
At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance—A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power
.
New York
:
Vintage
.
McRobbie
,
Angela
.
2011
. “
Reflections on Feminism, Immaterial Labour and the Post-Fordist Regime
.”
New Formations
70
:
60
76
.
Merry
,
Sally Engle
.
2006
.
Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Meshcherkina
,
Elena
.
2000
. “
New Russian Men: Masculinity Regained?
” In
Gender, State and Society in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia
, ed.
Ashwin
Sarah
,
105
17
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Mies
,
Maria
.
1986
.
Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale
.
London
:
Zed Books
.
Miroiu
,
Mihaela
.
2007
. “
Communism Was a State Patriarchy, not State Feminism
.”
Aspasia
1
(
1
):
197
201
.
Moghadam
,
Valentine
.
2005
.
Globalizing Women: Transnational Feminist Networks
.
Baltimore
:
Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra
.
1988
. “
Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses
.”
Feminist Review
30
:
61
88
.
Mohanty
,
Chandra
.
1997
. “
Women Workers and Capitalist Scripts: Ideologies of Domination, Common Interests, and the Politics of Solidarity
.” In
Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures
, ed.
Alexander
M. Jacqui
and
Mohanty
Chandra
,
3
29
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Molland
,
Sverre
.
2010
. “
‘The Perfect Business’: Human Trafficking and Lao-Thai Cross-border Migration
.”
Development and Change
41
(
5
):
831
55
.
Morokvasic
,
Mirjana
.
2004
. “
‘Settled in Mobility’: Engendering Post-Wall Migration Europe
.”
Feminist Review
77
:
7
25
.
Nadezhdina
,
Nadezhda
.
2000
.
“Ne chastoe delo po dolgu sluzhby, no s otvrashcheniem. Vse bol’she zhenshchin v nashei podvergaiutsia seksual’nym domogatel’svam na rabote” [Not a frequent issue at the workplace, but a disgusting one. More and more women are subject to sexual harassment in our workplaces]
.
Trud
,
June
22
.
Nagle
,
Jill
.
1997
.
Whores and Other Feminists
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Naples
,
Nancy
, and
Desai
Manisha
, eds.
2002
.
Women’s Activism and Globalization: Linking Local Struggles and Global Politics
.
New York
:
Taylor and Francis
.
Neilson
,
Brett
, and
Rossiter
Ned
.
2008
. “
Precarity as a Political Concept, or, Fordism as Exception
.”
Theory, Culture and Society
25
(
7–8
):
51
72
.
Neuwirth
,
Robert
.
2011
.
Stealth of Nations: The Global Rise of the Informal Economy
.
New York
:
Random House
.
New un Crime Commission Meets in Vienna
.”
1992
.
United Nations Chronicle
29
(
3
):
73
.
Nikolić-Ristanović
,
Vesna
.
2002
.
Social Change, Gender, and Violence: Post-communist and War Affected Societies
.
Dordrecht
:
Kluwer Academic
.
Nordhaus
,
William
.
1990
. “
Soviet Economic Reform: The Longest Road
.”
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
1
:
287
318
.
Novikova
,
Irina
.
2006
. “
Gender Equality in Latvia: Achievements and Challenges
.” In
Women and Citizenship in Central and Eastern Europe
, ed.
Lukić
Jasmina
,
Regulska
Joanna
, and
Zaviršek
Darja
,
101
20
.
Bennington, VT
:
Ashgate
.
Nowicka
,
Wanda
.
1995
. “
Statement from a Non-Region
.”
Statement presented at the Fourth World Conference on Women
,
Beijing
,
September 13
. .
Oates-Indruchová
,
Libora
.
2012
. “
Continuities and Discontinuities from State Socialism in Czech Feminist Research
.”
Unpublished manuscript
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
1985
. “
Industrialization and Prostitution in S.E. Asia
.” In
Female Sexual Slavery and Economic Exploitation: Making Local and Global Connections
,
Report of a Consultation Organized by the Non-governmental Liaison Service, 11–24
.
San Francisco
:
UN Nongovernmental Liaison Service
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
2006
.
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
.
Osipovich
,
Tatiana
.
2004
. “
Russian Mail-Order Brides in U.S. Public Discourse: Sex, Crime, and Cultural Stereotypes
.” In
Sexuality and Gender in Postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia
, ed.
Stulhofer
Aleksander
and
Sandfort
Theo
,
263
96
.
New York
:
Haworth Press
.
Osmańczyk
,
Edmund
.
2003
.
Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements. Vol. 2. G to M
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Ost
,
David
.
2005
.
The Defeat of Solidarity: Anger and Politics in Postcommunist Europe
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Oushakine
,
Sergei
.
2009
.
The Patriotism of Despair: Nation, War, and Loss in Russia
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
.
Parreñas
,
Rhacel Salazar
.
2011
.
Illicit Flirtations: Labor, Migration and Sex Trafficking in Tokyo
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
.
Parvulescu
,
Anca
.
2014
.
The Traffic in Women’s Work: East European Migration and the Making of Europe
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Patton
,
Cindy
.
2002
.
Globalizing aids
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
.
Penn
,
Shana
.
2006
.
Solidarity’s Secret: The Women Who Defeated Communism in Poland
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan Press
.
Penttinen
,
Elina
.
2008
.
Globalization, Prostitution and Sex-Trafficking: Corporeal Politics
.
London
:
Routledge
.
Perpiñan
,
Soledad
.
1986
. “
The Philippines: Prostitution and Sexual Exploitation
.” In
Empowerment and the Law: Strategies of Third World Women
, ed.
Schuler
Margaret
,
155
65
.
Washington, DC
:
OEF International
.
Pervogo Nezavisimogo Zhenskogo Foruma [First independent women’s forum]
.
1991
.
Record of forum held in Dubna
,
Russia
,
March 29–31
.
Accessed January 13, 2015. www.a-z.ru/women/rubrikator/p3.htm#7
.
Peterson
,
V. Spike
.
2003
.
A Critical Rewriting of Global Political Economy: Integrating Reproductive, Productive, and Virtual Economies
.
New York
:
Routledge
.
Pheterson
,
Gail
.
1989
.
A Vindication of the Rights of Whores
.
Seattle
:
Seal Press
.
Philliou
,
Christine
.
2013
. “