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In recent years there has been more research on how human trafficking operates like a market. For example, Intergovernmental organizations like the un and the International Labour Organization are conducting research on the profits generated by human trafficking and how it operates like a market. In addition, governments as well as antitrafficking advocates are promoting programs that take a market approach. This chapter provides an analysis of the assumptions behind these economic analyses and approaches to human trafficking. It is argued that a market approach to antitrafficking perpetuates neoliberal values such as individual choice and entrepreneurship. These values obscure unjust and violent economic policies/structures. Governments are the main authors of economic policies, yet they remain uncritical of the very policies that produce the dynamics of precarious labor and human trafficking.

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