Two, Three, Many Vietnams: Haydée and Che
Haydée Santamaría and Argentine revolutionary icon Ernesto Che Guevara shared a profound respect for art’s role in social change, and a belief that art is the highest form of revolution. They also agreed that liberation struggles must be supported throughout the developing world. And they were close friends. Cuban art, particularly its political posters throughout the 1960s to 1980s, but also its music, poetry and cultural criticism, had a profound effect on US movements for social change at the time. They were also of interest to abstract and other “non-political” artists. This chapter explores the ways in which Haydée and Che held similar values, the revolutionary theory of the era, the importance of people-to-people exchange (the Venceremos Brigade and other programs), and Haydée’s unique role in pushing international revolution forward.