Islam and Secularity: The Future of Europe's Public Sphere
Nilüfer Göle is Professor of Sociology at the Centre d'Études Sociologiques et Politiques Raymond Aron and the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris). She is the author of Islam in Europe: The Lure of Fundamentalism and the Allure of Cosmopolitanism and editor of Islam and Public Controversy in Europe.
Public Sphere beyond Religious-Secular Dichotomies
Secularism is not approached only from the Western perspective, but debated in relation to different experiences. This chapter introduces the theoretical frame in studying different historical trajectories and cultural habitations of the secular. Comparison between Turkish laiklik and French laïcité, but also between Turkish and Indian secularisms, brings new insights and challenges the established narratives of Western secularity. The visual, corporal, and sexual domains are discussed as a battleground between secular and Islamic norms. New forms of religious-secular realignments emerge in worldwide protest movements, such as the Tahrir Square and occupy Gezi. These public square maidan movements open up new avenues for democratic imaginaries beyond the secular-religious divide