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Archives and Manuscript Collections

Archives and Manuscript Collections

The first and most important is the Earl Conrad–Harriet Tubman Collection, 1939–41, 1946, at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York City. This collection consists of seven boxes (three linear feet). It is also available on two reels of microfilm. This valuable archive contains the research correspondence, notes, newspaper clippings, interviews, manuscripts, and other materials Conrad gathered. I used the microfilm version (Scholarly Resources, Wilmington, Del., 1995), which is cited as ct.

Conrad also donated many materials related to his efforts to publish his Tubman book to Cayuga Community College in Auburn, New York. This collection is at the Norman F. Bourke Memorial Library and contains duplicates of some of the items he gave to the Schomburg Center. See Earl Conrad: An Inventory of Papers at Cayuga Community College (April 1983), compiled by Douglas O. Michael. I cite the Caygua Community College Collection as ec.

Tubman researchers should also consult the Ellen Jean Mahoney Collection at the Seymour Public Library in Auburn, New York. Located in the Mary Van Sickle Wait History Room, the scrapbooks consist of copies (not originals) of newspaper stories, articles, photographs, and other documents compiled by Mahoney over many years. The Harriet Tubman Files at the Cayuga County Historian’s Office in Auburn, New York, contain valuable items. Many of them are in the better organized Mahoney Collection.

A variety of other manuscript and archival collections contain isolated items pertaining to Harriet Tubman and those who helped make her a national icon. Among the more useful are

Garrison Family Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College.
Gerrit Smith Papers, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University.
Pension Files, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
William
H
.
Seward Papers, Rare Books Department, Rush Rees Library
,
University of Rochester
.
Franklin, B. Sanborn Papers, Special Collections, American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.
Osborne Family Papers, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University.
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Articles and Essays

Articles and Essays

Newspapers served as important vehicles for shaping the public’s views of Harriet Tubman. The Auburn press carried many stories about Tubman, particularly after she had become a national icon; in recent decades, the Syracuse press and Baltimore press have featured articles about Tubman and her legacy. Articles about Tubman have also appeared in the black press, but not with the frequency one might expect, given her status as a “race” hero. These sources are cited in the notes. National outlets such as the New York Times only occasionally carried stories useful for this study of Tubman and the American memory. Since these are few in number, I cite them in this section.

Acquittal of a Murderer
.”
Baltimore American
,
December
23
,
1867
.
Boyd
Herb
. “
Petition Circulating to Honor Tubman with a Holiday
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
March
14
,
2001
.
Browne
J. Zamba
. “
Harriet Tubman Slowly Getting Her Due
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
December
12
,
2003
.
Browne
J. Zamba
. “
Harriet Tubman Houses Open in Historic Harlem Building
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
January
2
.
1993
.
Carter
George C
. “
Harriet, the Moses of Her People
.”
Woman’s Journal
(Boston),
August
1
,
1908
.
Cheney
Edna Dow
. “
Moses
.”
Freedmen’s Record
, vol.
1
,
March
1865
,
34
38
.
Cheney
Lynne V
. “
The End of History
.”
Wall Street Journal
,
October
20
,
1994
.
Chrisman
Robert
. “
Go Down Moses: An Introduction
.”
Michigan Quarterly Review
37
(fall
1998
):
782
.
Christianson
Scott
. “
The Battle for Charles Nalle
.”
American Legacy
2
(winter
1997
):
31
35
.
Clarke
James B
. “
An Hour with Harriet Tubman
.” Pp.
115
22
in William Edgar Easton,
Christophe: A Tragedy in Prose of Imperial Haiti
.
Los Angeles
:
Press Grafton
,
1911
.
Conrad
Earl P
Charles Wood Manuscripts of Harriet Tubman
.”
Negro History Bulletin
13
(
January
1949
):
90
,
92
95
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
The Fighting Slave
.”
Pic Magazine
,
April
13
,
1943
, clipping in ct.
Conrad
Earl
. “
General Tubman at Troy
.”
Crisis
48
(
March
1941
):
78
,
91
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
‘General Tubman,’ Composer of Spirituals
.”;
Etude
5
(
May
1942
): (60)
305
,
344
,
352
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
General Tubman on the Combahee
.”
Negro World Digest
(
December
,
1940
):
13
16
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
A Great Leader-Harriet Tubman
.”
Negro World Digest
(
August
,
1940
):
46
50
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
I Bring You General Tubman
.”
Black Scholar
1
, no.
3
(
1970
):
2
7
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
Most of a Man
.”
Negro World Digest
1
(
November
,
1940
):
88
.
Copes-Johnson
Pauline
. “
Harriet Tubman Davis
.” P. 25 in
Back to Before: Anecdotes from the Twentieth Century in Cayuga County, New York
.
Auburn, N.Y.
:
Donning Company
,
1999
,
25
27
.
Crutchfield
Will
. “
Harriet Tubman as Opera Heroine
.”
New York Times
,
February
24
,
1985
.
Degler
Carl
. “
In Search of the Un-hyphenated American
.”
New Perspectives Quarterly
8
(
1991
):
5
.
Dennis
Charles
. “
The Work of Harriet Tubman
.”
Americana Magazine
6
(
November
6
,
1911
):
1067
71
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
. “
David Livingston and Harriet Tubman
.”
Crisis
,
March
,
1913
.
Earle (Mathews)
Victoria
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
Woman’s Era
(Boston) (
June
1896
):
8
.
Elson
John
. “
Education: History, the Sequel: A Controversial New Set of Recommendations Generates a Debate on What’s Important about America’s Past
.”
Time
,
November
7
,
1994
,
64
.
Episcopal Church Honors Harriet Tubman’s Life
.”
Washington Post
,
February
18
,
1995
.
Eusebius
Mary
. “
A Modern Moses: Harriet Tubman
.”
Journal of Negro Education
19
(Winter
1950
):
16
27
.
Falk
Leslie A
. “
Black Abolitionist Doctors and Healers
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
54
(
1980
):
258
72
.
Fatal Shooting Affray
.”
Baltimore Sun
,
October
4
,
1867
.
Ferris
Marc
, “
Aunt Harriet’s Home
,”
American Legacy
10
,
2
(summer
2004
):
63
68
.
Fordham
Monroe
. “
The Harriet Tubman Home and Museum
.”
Afro-Americans in New York Life and History
1
(
January
1977
):
106
.
Garrison
William Lloyd
II
. “
The Story of Harriet Tubman
.”
Boston Evening Transcript
,
April
13
,
1897
.
Graber
Mark A
. “
Is It Ethical to Lie to Secure Hospital Admission?
Western Journal of Medicine
175
(
October
2001
):
22
21
.
Grossman
Lev
. “
Reader, My Story Ends with Freedom
.”
Time
,
February
9
,
2004
.
Guterman
Benjamin
. “
Doing ‘Good Brave Work’: Harriet Tubman’s Testimony at Beaufort, South Carolina
.”
Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration
32
(Fall
2000
):
155
65
.
Harriet Tubman
.”
Commonwealth
,
July
10
,
1863
.
Harriet Tubman
.”
Commonwealth
,
August
4
,
1864
.
Harriet Tubman
.”
Commonwealth
,
August
12
,
1864
.
Harriet Tubman
.”
Commonwealth
,
January
9
,
1869
.
Harriet Tubman: A Colored Woman with a Remarkable History Revisits Boston
.”
Boston Sunday Herald
,
October
31
,
1886
,
10
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
New York Times
,
March
14
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
New York Tribune
,
March
13
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
Springfield (Mass.) Republican
,
March
14
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis Dies Monday at Auburn, N. Y
.”
New York Age
,
March
13
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Dying
.”
New York Times
,
March
11
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Ill and Penniless
.”
New York Age
,
June
8
,
1911
.
Harriet Tubman Penniless
.”
New York Times
,
June
2
,
1911
.
Hillary Gets Funding for Harriet Tubman Pension
.”
New York Beacon
,
November
6
,
2003
.
Hills
Patricia
. “
Jacob Lawrence as Pictorial Griot: The Harriet Tubman Series
.”
American Art
7
(Winter
1993
):
40
59
.
Hine
Darlene Clark
. “
Sisters on the Front Line
.”
Heart and Soul
(Spring
1994
):
58
61
.
Hoefer
Jean M
. “
They Called Her ‘Moses’: Harriet Tubman, a Heroine of the Underground, Goes to War
.”
Civil War Times Illustrated
, vol.
26
,
February
1988
,
37
41
.
Holt
Rosa Belle
. “
A Heroine in Ebony
.”
Chautauquan
, vol.
23
,
July
1896
,
459
62
.
Home of Harriet Tubman Dedicated as a National Shrine
.”
Ithaca (N.Y.) Journal
,
May
6
,
1953
.
Hopkins
Pauline E
. “
Famous Women of the Negro Race. III. Harriet Tubman (Moses)
.”
Colored American Magazine
(
January–February
,
1902
):
210
16
.
Huff
Robert A
. “
Anne Miller and the Geneva Political Equality Club, 1897–1912
.”
New York History
65
(
October
1984
):
325
48
.
Humez
Jean M
. “
In Search of Harriet Tubman’s Spiritual Autobiography
.”
National Women’s Studies Association (nwsa) Journal
3
(
1993
):
162
82
.
Humez
Jean M
. “
In Search of Harriet Tubman’s Spiritual Autobiography
.” Pp. 239–61 in
This Far by Faith: Readings in African-American Women’s Religious Biography
, ed.
Weisenfeld
Judith
and
Newman
Richard
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Humez
Jean M
. “
Reading the Narrative of Sojourner Truth as a Collaborative Text
.”
Frontiers
(Spring
1996
):
29
52
.
Kauffman
Bill
. “
Harriet Tubman, Pre-Mummification
.”
American Enterprise
17
(
June
2006
):
46
.
Kiely
Kathy
, and
Benedetto
Richard
. “
Clintons Visit a Treasure in Need
.”
USA Today
,
September
2
,
1999
.
King
Lisa Y
. “
In Search of Women of African Descent Who Served in the Civil War Union Navy
.”
Journal of Negro History
83
(Fall
1998
):
302
9
.
Larson
C. Kay
. “
Bonny Yank and Ginny Reb
.”
Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women in the Military
(
1990
):
33
48
.
Lawson
Elizabeth
. “
Harriet Tubman—Born a Slave—Became Known as the ‘Moses of Her People.’
Daily Worker
,
February
19
,
1938
.
Lebedun
Jean
. “
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Interest in Sojourner Truth, Black Feminist
.”
American Literature
46
(
1974
):
359
63
.
Liberty Ship Harriet Tubman Launched with Many Celebrities Participating
.”
New York Amsterdam News
,
June
17
,
1944
.
Logan
Rayford W
. “
Review of The Railroad to Freedom by Hildegarde Swift
.”
Journal of Negro History
18
(
April
1933
):
213
14
.
McGowan
James A
. “
Harriet Tubman: According to Anne Parrish
.”
Harriet Tubman Journal
3
(
August
1995
):
1
10
.
McGowan
James A
. “
Harriet Tubman: According to Marcy Heidish
.”
Harriet Tubman Journal
2
(
April
1994
):
1
,
23
25
,
32
33
.
McGowan
James A
. “
Harriet Tubman: According to Sarah Bradford
.”
Harriet Tubman Journal
2
(
January
1994
):
1
10
.
McGowan
James A
. “
Harriet Tubman: Facts and Fiction
.”
Harriet Tubman Journal
1
(
October
1993
):
1
,
3
4
,
12
13
,
15
16
,
19
.
McGowan
James A
. “
The Psychic Life of Harriet Tubman, Part I
.”
Visions
(
March
1995
):
1
3
.
McGowan
James A
. “
A Woman Called Moses: The Television Drama
.”
Harriet Tubman Journal
2
(
April
1994
):
26
,
34
.
McHenry
Beth
. “
Newspaperman Is Inspired by Heroine of His Book on Harriet Tubman
.”
Daily Worker
,
September
13
,
1943
.
Memorial to Harriet Tubman
.”
New York Age
,
June
18
,
1914
.
Mickenburg
Julia
. “
Civil Rights, History, and the Left: Inventing the Juvenile Black Biography
.”
melus
27
(Summer
2002
):
65
93
.
Miller
Anne Fitzhugh
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
American Magazine
, vol.
74
,
August
1913
,
420
,
422
.
Mims
Peg
, and
Oleksy
Walter
The Woman Called Moses
.”
Cobblestone
2
(
February
1981
):
9
14
.
Moses of Her People, The: Proposed Memorial to Harriet Tubman, A Negress
.”
New York Sun
,
May
2
,
1909
.
Moses of Her Race Ending Her Life in Home She Founded
.”
New York World
,
June
25
,
1911
.
Moses of the Negroes, The
.”
Literary Digest
46
(
April
19
,
1913
):
913
15
.
Napson-Williams
Theresa D
Tubman, Harriet
.” Pp. 786–77 in
The Oxford Companion to United States History
, ed.
Boyer
Paul S
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
New England Colored Citizens’ Convention
.”
Liberator
,
August
26
,
1859
.
Oldest Ex-Slave Given Reception
.”
Boston Journal
,
May
26
,
1905
(reprint. as “
Harriet Tubman at the Hub
,”
Auburn Daily Advertiser
,
May
30
,
1905
).
Painter
Nell Irvin
. “
Sojourner Truth in Life and Memory: Writing the Biography of an American Exotic
.”
Gender and History
2
(Spring
1990
):
3
16
.
Pitman
R
. “
Brittany Meets Harriet Tubman
.”
Video Librarian
,
May
11
,
1997
, available online at http://www.elibrary.com, accessed February 2, 2001.
Pulfer
Laura
. “
Underground Railroad Museum Is Real Chance for Greatness
.”
Cincinnati Enquirer
,
March
30
,
1997
.
Quarles
Benjamin
. “
Foreword to the 1970 Edition
.” Pp. v–viii, in William Still,
The Underground Rail Road
(
1872
), reprint. ed.
Chicago
:
Johnson Publishing
,
1970
.
Quarles
Benjamin
. “
Harriet Tubman
.” Pp. 57–63 in
Heritage of ’76
, ed.
Dolan
Jan P
South Bend, Ind
.:
University of Notre Dame Press
,
1976
.
Quarles
Benjamin
. “
Harriet Tubman’s Unlikely Leadership
.” Pp. 43–57 in
Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century
, ed.
Litwack
Leon
and
Meier
August
Urbana
:
University of Illinois Press
,
1988
.
Rahman
Ali
. “
Cultural Campaign for ‘Medal of Honor’ for Harriet Tubman
.”
New York Beacon
,
May
31
,
2000
.
Report of the Committee of Teachers
.”
Freedmen’s Record
1
(
April
1865
):
54
55
.
Salvadore
Maria B
. “
Review of Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman.
Horn Book Magazine
72
(
September
19
,
1996
):
589
.
Sanborn
Franklin B
. “
Concerning Harriet Tubman and Fugitive Slaves.” Springfield (Mass.)
Republican
,
March
19
,
1913
.
Sanborn
Franklin B
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
Commonwealth
,
July
17
,
1863
.
Sanborn
Franklin B
. “
A Negro Heroine—Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman
.”
Springfield Republican
,
January
25
,
1869
.
Stimson
Julia C
, and
Ethel
C. S. Thompson
Women Nurses with the Union Forces during the Civil War
.”
Military Surgeon
62
(
January
1928
):
1
17
,
208
30
.
Stowe
Harriet Beecher
. “
Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl
.”
Atlantic Monthly
, vol.
11
,
April
1863
,
473
81
.
Taverna
Patty
, and
Hongell
Terry
Meet Tubman: The Story of a Website
.”
Learning and Leading with Technology
27
(
March
2000
):
42
45
,
62
.
Terry
Esther
. “
Sojourner Truth: The Person behind the Libyan Sibyl
.”
Massachusetts Review
26
(Summer–Fall
1985
):
425
55
.
Thompson
Audrey
. “
Harriet Tubman in Pictures: Cultural Consciousness and the Art of Picture Books
.”
The Lion and the Unicorn
25
(
2001
):
81
114
.
Thompson
Priscilla
. “
Harriet Tubman, Thomas Garrett, and the Underground Railroad
.”
Delaware History
(Spring–Summer
1986
):
22
.
Tubman, Conductor on Greatest Railroad
.”
New York Age
,
June
15
,
1911
.
Unveil ‘Tubman’ Memorial
.”
Cleveland Advocate
,
July
17
,
1915
,
2
, I.
Walker
Margaret
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
Phylon
4
(Fourth Quarter,
1944
):
326
30
.
White
Suzanne
. “
Roadtrip: Harriet Tubman Birthplace
.”
Washington Post
,
May
2
,
2004
.
Wiener
Jon
. “
Lynne V. Cheney’s Baseless Attacks on the National Standards for History
.”
New Republic
, vol.
212
,
January
2
,
1995
,
9
.
Wyman
Lillie Chace B.
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
New England Magazine
, n.s.
14
,
March
1896
,
110
18
.
Yerrington
James M. W.
The Fourth at Framingham
.”
Liberator
,
July
8
,
1859
.
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This content is only available as PDF.

MultiMedia

MultiMedia
Bagwell
Orlando
et al
,
The American Experience
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Benjamin
Anne
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Beier
Ellen
Young Harriet Tubman, Freedom Fighter
. Macintosh/Windows software, v. i.o.
Troll Communications
,
Mahwah, N.J.
,
1996
.
Brannon
Jean Marilyn
, and
Washington
Dorothy
The Negro Woman
. Folkways Records,
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.
Bright Morning Star (musical group)
.
Arisin.’ Rainbow Snake Records
,
Greenfield, Mass.
,
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.
Brittany Meets Harriet Tubman
.
Wildflower Productions
,
Athens, Ala.
,
1996
.
Edwards
Leo
, and
Martone
Anthony
Lullaby from Harriet Tubman: For High Voice with Piano Accompaniment
. Willis Music, Cincinnati,
1983
.
Elder
Lonne
et al
,
A Woman Called Moses
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Xenon Home Video
,
Santa Monica, Calif.
,
1992
.
Fabian
Rhonda
et al
,
Harriet Tubman
. Black Americans of Achievement Video Collection.
Schlessinger Video Productions
,
Bala Cynwyd, Penn.
,
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.
Foster
Gloria.
et al
,
The Great Ones: Excerpts from a Series of Radio Programs Broadcast by Group W
.
Westinghouse Broadcasting Company
,
1971
.
Franks
Saundra Dunson
et al
,
“Hats”: A Tribute to Harriet Tubman
. Theatrical History,
1981
.
Guthrie
Woody
, and
Houston
Cisco
Long Ways to Travel
.
Smithsonian/Folkways Records
,
Washington, D.C.
,
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.
Harriet Tubman (musical group)
.
I Am a Man
.
Knitting Factory Records
,
New York
,
1998
.
Harriet Tubman
.
Juba Series
.
International Instructional Television Cooperative and Washington Educational Telecommunications Association
,
Washington, D.C.
,
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.
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
. crm
McGraw-Hill Films
,
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,
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.
Harriet Tubman Tells Her Story
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Society for Visual Education
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Chicago
,
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.
Harrison
Michael
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,
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.
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William
et al
,
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.
Pyramid Film and Video
,
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,
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.
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Michael
et al
,
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.
Schlessinger
,
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,
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.
Mannucci
Mark
, dir.
Reading Rainbow: Follow the Drinking Gourd
.
Lancit Media Productions and Great Plains National Instructional Television Library
,
Lincoln, Neb.
,
1993
.
Near
Holly
, and
Gilbert
Ronnie
Lifeline
.
Redwood Records
,
Oakland, Calif.
,
1983
.
Nelson
Novella
et al
,
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. cbs News and bfa
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,
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,
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.
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Ann
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.
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Richard
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.
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Lloyd
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Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
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.
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John
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Harry
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Arts and Entertainment Home Video and New Video Group
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Marian
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Harriet Tubman: Antislavery Activist
.
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,
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,
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.
Troll Associates
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Harriet Tubman
. Filmstrip, 43 frames,
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.
Wendkos
Paul
, dir.
A Woman Called Moses
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Xenon Home Video
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.

Figures & Tables

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References

Archives and Manuscript Collections

Archives and Manuscript Collections

The first and most important is the Earl Conrad–Harriet Tubman Collection, 1939–41, 1946, at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, New York City. This collection consists of seven boxes (three linear feet). It is also available on two reels of microfilm. This valuable archive contains the research correspondence, notes, newspaper clippings, interviews, manuscripts, and other materials Conrad gathered. I used the microfilm version (Scholarly Resources, Wilmington, Del., 1995), which is cited as ct.

Conrad also donated many materials related to his efforts to publish his Tubman book to Cayuga Community College in Auburn, New York. This collection is at the Norman F. Bourke Memorial Library and contains duplicates of some of the items he gave to the Schomburg Center. See Earl Conrad: An Inventory of Papers at Cayuga Community College (April 1983), compiled by Douglas O. Michael. I cite the Caygua Community College Collection as ec.

Tubman researchers should also consult the Ellen Jean Mahoney Collection at the Seymour Public Library in Auburn, New York. Located in the Mary Van Sickle Wait History Room, the scrapbooks consist of copies (not originals) of newspaper stories, articles, photographs, and other documents compiled by Mahoney over many years. The Harriet Tubman Files at the Cayuga County Historian’s Office in Auburn, New York, contain valuable items. Many of them are in the better organized Mahoney Collection.

A variety of other manuscript and archival collections contain isolated items pertaining to Harriet Tubman and those who helped make her a national icon. Among the more useful are

Garrison Family Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College.
Gerrit Smith Papers, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University.
Pension Files, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
William
H
.
Seward Papers, Rare Books Department, Rush Rees Library
,
University of Rochester
.
Franklin, B. Sanborn Papers, Special Collections, American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.
Osborne Family Papers, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse University.

Articles and Essays

Articles and Essays

Newspapers served as important vehicles for shaping the public’s views of Harriet Tubman. The Auburn press carried many stories about Tubman, particularly after she had become a national icon; in recent decades, the Syracuse press and Baltimore press have featured articles about Tubman and her legacy. Articles about Tubman have also appeared in the black press, but not with the frequency one might expect, given her status as a “race” hero. These sources are cited in the notes. National outlets such as the New York Times only occasionally carried stories useful for this study of Tubman and the American memory. Since these are few in number, I cite them in this section.

Acquittal of a Murderer
.”
Baltimore American
,
December
23
,
1867
.
Boyd
Herb
. “
Petition Circulating to Honor Tubman with a Holiday
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
March
14
,
2001
.
Browne
J. Zamba
. “
Harriet Tubman Slowly Getting Her Due
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
December
12
,
2003
.
Browne
J. Zamba
. “
Harriet Tubman Houses Open in Historic Harlem Building
.” (New York)
Amsterdam News
,
January
2
.
1993
.
Carter
George C
. “
Harriet, the Moses of Her People
.”
Woman’s Journal
(Boston),
August
1
,
1908
.
Cheney
Edna Dow
. “
Moses
.”
Freedmen’s Record
, vol.
1
,
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,
34
38
.
Cheney
Lynne V
. “
The End of History
.”
Wall Street Journal
,
October
20
,
1994
.
Chrisman
Robert
. “
Go Down Moses: An Introduction
.”
Michigan Quarterly Review
37
(fall
1998
):
782
.
Christianson
Scott
. “
The Battle for Charles Nalle
.”
American Legacy
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(winter
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31
35
.
Clarke
James B
. “
An Hour with Harriet Tubman
.” Pp.
115
22
in William Edgar Easton,
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.
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,
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.
Conrad
Earl P
Charles Wood Manuscripts of Harriet Tubman
.”
Negro History Bulletin
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(
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90
,
92
95
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
The Fighting Slave
.”
Pic Magazine
,
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,
1943
, clipping in ct.
Conrad
Earl
. “
General Tubman at Troy
.”
Crisis
48
(
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78
,
91
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
‘General Tubman,’ Composer of Spirituals
.”;
Etude
5
(
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305
,
344
,
352
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
General Tubman on the Combahee
.”
Negro World Digest
(
December
,
1940
):
13
16
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
A Great Leader-Harriet Tubman
.”
Negro World Digest
(
August
,
1940
):
46
50
.
Conrad
Earl
. “
I Bring You General Tubman
.”
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3
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7
.
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Earl
. “
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.”
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88
.
Copes-Johnson
Pauline
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Harriet Tubman Davis
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,
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27
.
Crutchfield
Will
. “
Harriet Tubman as Opera Heroine
.”
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,
February
24
,
1985
.
Degler
Carl
. “
In Search of the Un-hyphenated American
.”
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8
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5
.
Dennis
Charles
. “
The Work of Harriet Tubman
.”
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6
(
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,
1911
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1067
71
.
Du Bois
W. E. B
. “
David Livingston and Harriet Tubman
.”
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,
March
,
1913
.
Earle (Mathews)
Victoria
. “
Harriet Tubman
.”
Woman’s Era
(Boston) (
June
1896
):
8
.
Elson
John
. “
Education: History, the Sequel: A Controversial New Set of Recommendations Generates a Debate on What’s Important about America’s Past
.”
Time
,
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7
,
1994
,
64
.
Episcopal Church Honors Harriet Tubman’s Life
.”
Washington Post
,
February
18
,
1995
.
Eusebius
Mary
. “
A Modern Moses: Harriet Tubman
.”
Journal of Negro Education
19
(Winter
1950
):
16
27
.
Falk
Leslie A
. “
Black Abolitionist Doctors and Healers
.”
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
54
(
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258
72
.
Fatal Shooting Affray
.”
Baltimore Sun
,
October
4
,
1867
.
Ferris
Marc
, “
Aunt Harriet’s Home
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68
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Monroe
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.
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William Lloyd
II
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13
,
1897
.
Graber
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. “
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Harriet Tubman
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4
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.
Harriet Tubman
.”
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,
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12
,
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.
Harriet Tubman
.”
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,
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9
,
1869
.
Harriet Tubman: A Colored Woman with a Remarkable History Revisits Boston
.”
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,
October
31
,
1886
,
10
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
New York Times
,
March
14
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
New York Tribune
,
March
13
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis
.”
Springfield (Mass.) Republican
,
March
14
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Davis Dies Monday at Auburn, N. Y
.”
New York Age
,
March
13
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Dying
.”
New York Times
,
March
11
,
1913
.
Harriet Tubman Ill and Penniless
.”
New York Age
,
June
8
,
1911
.
Harriet Tubman Penniless
.”
New York Times
,
June
2
,
1911
.
Hillary Gets Funding for Harriet Tubman Pension
.”
New York Beacon
,
November
6
,
2003
.
Hills
Patricia
. “
Jacob Lawrence as Pictorial Griot: The Harriet Tubman Series
.”
American Art
7
(Winter
1993
):
40
59
.
Hine
Darlene Clark
. “
Sisters on the Front Line
.”
Heart and Soul
(Spring
1994
):
58
61
.
Hoefer
Jean M
. “
They Called Her ‘Moses’: Harriet Tubman, a Heroine of the Underground, Goes to War
.”
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, vol.
26
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,
37
41
.
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Rosa Belle
. “
A Heroine in Ebony
.”
Chautauquan
, vol.
23
,
July
1896
,
459
62
.
Home of Harriet Tubman Dedicated as a National Shrine
.”
Ithaca (N.Y.) Journal
,
May
6
,
1953
.
Hopkins
Pauline E
. “
Famous Women of the Negro Race. III. Harriet Tubman (Moses)
.”
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(
January–February
,
1902
):
210
16
.
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. “
Anne Miller and the Geneva Political Equality Club, 1897–1912
.”
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(
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48
.
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Jean M
. “
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.”
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82
.
Humez
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. “
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.” Pp. 239–61 in
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and
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. “
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29
52
.
Kauffman
Bill
. “
Harriet Tubman, Pre-Mummification
.”
American Enterprise
17
(
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46
.
Kiely
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, and
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. “
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.”
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.
King
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. “
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.
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.
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,
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63
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Liberty Ship Harriet Tubman Launched with Many Celebrities Participating
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,
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17
,
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.
Logan
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. “
Review of The Railroad to Freedom by Hildegarde Swift
.”
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(
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14
.
McGowan
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. “
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.
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. “
Harriet Tubman: According to Marcy Heidish
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(
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,
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.
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. “
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.”
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.
McGowan
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. “
Harriet Tubman: Facts and Fiction
.”
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.
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. “
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.”
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.
McGowan
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. “
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.”
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(
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,
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.
McHenry
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. “
Newspaperman Is Inspired by Heroine of His Book on Harriet Tubman
.”
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,
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,
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.
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.”
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,
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,
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.
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. “
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.
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.”
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,
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.
Moses of Her Race Ending Her Life in Home She Founded
.”
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,
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,
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.
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,
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.
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,
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,
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