Dilemmas of Difference: Indigenous Women and the Limits of Postcolonial Development Policy
Sarah A. Radcliffe is Professor of Latin American Geography at the University of Cambridge and coauthor of Indigenous Development in the Andes: Culture, Power, and Transnationalism, also published by Duke University Press.
Postcolonial Heterogeneity: Sumak Kawsay and Decolonizing Social Difference
2015. "Postcolonial Heterogeneity: Sumak Kawsay and Decolonizing Social Difference", Dilemmas of Difference: Indigenous Women and the Limits of Postcolonial Development Policy, Sarah A. Radcliffe
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Indigenous women improvise forms of citizenship in the exiguous spaces of postcolonial intersectional hierarchies and become vocal critics of content-less citizenship. The chapter documents indigenous women’s quotidian practices through which they enact citizenship through development, welfare, and community decision-making. Alongside these practices, indigenous women construct counter-publics to create agendas and contest spaces, by negotiating relations with community members, male leaders, and racism. The chapter documents some women becoming elected leaders and the power relations that shape experiences of office, evaluating the impact of gender quotas. The chapter demonstrates indigenous women’s agendas that represent a process of decolonizing rights, that is, these agendas’ profound questioning of the racialized, unequal, individual subject posited in liberal citizenship. Whereas vernacularization of rights (as discussed by Sally Merry) implies the adaptation of universal rights to local social conditions, the chapter argues that indigenous women’s agendas question that colonial framing and read citizenship as always constructed through racial difference, gender, location, and nonuniversal forms of knowledge