Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
This content is made freely available by the publisher. It may not be redistributed or altered. All rights reserved.
This content is only available as PDF.

Bibliography

Armstrong
,
Nancy
. “
Modernism’s Iconophobia and What It Did to Gender
.”
Modernism/Modernity
5
, no.
2
(
1998
):
47
75
.
Asukile
,
Thabiti
. “
The All-Embracing Black Nationalist Theories of David Walker’s Appeal
.”
Black Scholar
29
, no.
4
(
1999
):
16
24
.
Bambara
,
Toni Cade
. “
Reading the Signs, Empowering the Eye: Daughters of the Dust and the Black Independent Cinema Movement
.” In
Black American Cinema
, edited by
Diawara
Manthia
,
118
44
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Baraka
,
Amiri
.
The LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader
, edited by
Harris
William J.
and
Baraka
Amiri
. 2nd ed.
New York
:
Thunder’s Mouth Press
,
2000
.
Beller
,
Jonathan L.
Dziga Vertov and the Film of Money
.”
boundary 2
26
, no.
3
(
1999
):
151
99
.
Benjamin
,
Walter
. “
The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
, edited by
Arendt
Hannah
,
217
52
.
New York
:
Schocken Books
,
1968
.
Bergson
,
Henri
.
Creative Evolution
.
Translated by Arthur Mitchell
.
Mineola, N.Y.
:
Dover
,
1998
.
Bergson
,
Henri
.
Matter and Memory
.
Translated by Nancy Margaret Paul and W. Scott Palmer
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1990
.
Bordwell
,
David
,
Staiger
Janet
, and
Thompson
Kristin
.
The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style and Mode of Production to 1960
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Brody
,
Jennifer DeVere
. “
The Returns of Cleopatra Jones
.”
Signs
25
, no.
1
(
1999
):
91
121
.
Brown
,
Elaine
.
A Taste of Power: A Black Woman’s Story
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1992
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
Aesthetics and Anaesthetics: Walter Benjamin’s Artwork Essay Reconsidered
.”
October
62
(
1992
):
3
41
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
The Dream World of Mass Culture: Walter Benjamin’s Theory of Modernity and the Dialectics of Seeing
.” In
Modernity and the Hegemony of Vision
, edited by
Levin
David Michael
,
309
38
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Carby
,
Hazel V.
Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Carmichael
,
Stokely
, and
Hamilton
Charles V.
.
Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1967
.
Churchill
,
Ward
. “
‘To Disrupt, Discredit and Destroy’: The FBI’s Secret War against the Black Panther Party
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
78
117
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Churchill
,
Ward
, and
Wall
Jim Vander
.
Agents of Repression: The FBI’s Secret Wars against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
1990
.
Cleaver
,
Eldridge
.
Soul on Ice
.
New York
:
Dell Publishing
,
1968
.
Cleaver
,
Kathleen
, and
Katsiaficas
George
, eds.
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Clemmons
,
Michael L.
, and
Jones
Charles E.
. “
Global Solidarity: The Black Panther Party in the International Arena
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
20
39
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Cook
,
David A.
Auteur Cinema and the ‘Film Generation’ in 1970s Hollywood
.” In
The New American Cinema
, edited by
Lewis
Jon
,
11
37
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Cooper
,
Anna Julia
.
A Voice from the South
. edited by
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1988
.
Cornwell
,
Anita
.
Black Lesbian in White America
.
Minneapolis
:
Naiad Press
,
1983
.
Cripps
,
Thomas
. “
New Black Cinema and Uses of the Past
.” In
Black Cinema Aesthetics: Issues in Independent Black Filmmaking
, edited by
Yearwood
Gladstone
.
Athens
:
Ohio University Center for Afro-American Studies
,
1982
.
Cripps
,
Thomas
.
Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900–1942
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Davis
,
Angela
. “
Black Nationalism: The Sixties and the Nineties
.” In
Black Popular Culture
, edited by
Dent
Gina
,
317
24
.
Seattle
:
Bay Press
,
1992
.
Davis
,
Angela
. “
Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, edited by
James
Joy
,
111
28
.
New York
:
Blackwell
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela
.
Women, Race, and Class
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1983
.
Debord
,
Guy
.
The Society of the Spectacle
.
Translated by Donald Nicholson-Smith
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1995
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Cinema 1: The Movement-Image
.
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Hammerjam
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1991
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Cinema 2: The Time-Image
.
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Robert Galeta
.
1985
. Reprint,
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Difference and Repetition
.
Translated by Paul Patton
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Negotiations, 1972–1990
.
Translated by Martin Joughin
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1995
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Felix
.
What Is Philosophy?
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Graham Burchall
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
.
Aporias
.
Translated by Thomas Dutoit
.
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1993
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
.
The Other Heading: Reflections on Today’s Europe
.
Translated by Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael B. Naas
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1992
.
Diawara
,
Manthia
, ed.
Black American Cinema
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Dienst
,
Richard
.
Still Life in Real Time: Theory after Television
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Doss
,
Erika
. “
‘Revolutionary Art Is a Tool for Liberation’: Emory Douglas and Protest Aesthetics at the Black Panther
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
175
87
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
My Bondage and My Freedom
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2003
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself
.
New York
:
New American Library
,
1968
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B.
.
The Souls of Black Folk
.
New York
:
Penguin Classics
,
1996
.
Dyer
,
Richard
.
White
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Eng
,
David L.
,
Halberstam
Judith
, and
Muñoz
José Esteban
. “
Introduction: What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?
Social Text
84–85
(
2005
):
1
17
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
Black Skin, White Masks
.
Translated by Constance Farrington
.
New York
:
Grove Press
,
1968
.
Feinberg
,
Leslie
.
Stone Butch Blues
.
Ithaca, N.Y.
:
Firebrand Books
,
1993
.
Ferguson
,
Roderick A.
Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Flaxman
,
Gregory
, ed.
The Brain Is the Screen: Deleuze and the Philsophy of Cinema
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2000
.
Foner
,
Philip
, ed.
The Black Panthers Speak
.
New York
:
Da Capo Press
,
1995
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews
.
Translated by Donald F. Bouchard and Sherry Simon
.
Ithaca, N.Y.
:
Cornell University Press
,
1977
.
Garber
,
Eric
. “
A Spectacle in Color: The Lesbian and Gay Subculture of Jazz Age Harlem
.” In
Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past
, edited by
Duberman
Martin
,
Vicinus
Martha
, and
Chauncey
George
Jr.
,
318
31
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
1989
.
Gerima
,
Haile
. “
Triangular Cinema, Breaking Toys, and Dinknesh vs Lucy
.” In
Questions of Third Cinema
, edited by
Pines
Jim
and
Willeman
Paul
,
65
89
.
London
:
British Film Institute
,
1989
.
Gomez
,
Jewelle
. “
Femme Erotic Independence
.” In
Butch/Femme: Inside Lesbian Gender
, edited by
Munt
Sally
,
101
8
.
London
:
Cassell
,
1998
.
Gordon
,
Avery
.
Ghostly Matters: Haunting and the Sociological Imagination
.
Minnesota
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1997
.
Gordon
,
Lewis R.
The Black and the Body Politic: Fanon’s Existential Phenomeno-logical Critique of Psychoanalysis
.” In
Fanon: A Critical Reader
, edited by
Gordon
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
,
74
84
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Gordon
,
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
, eds.
Fanon: A Critical Reader
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
.
Translated by Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1992
.
Guerrero
, Ed.
Framing Blackness: The African American Image in Film
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1993
.
Guneratne
,
Anthony R.
, and
Dissanayake
Wimal
, eds.
Rethinking Third Cinema
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Halberstam
,
Judith
.
Female Masculinity
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Hammonds
,
Evelynn
. “
Black (W)Holes and the Geometry of Black Female Sexuality
.”
Differences
6
, nos.
2–3
(
1994
):
126
45
.
Hansen
,
Miriam Bratu
. “
Benjamin and Cinema: Not a One Way Street
.”
Critical Inquiry
25
, no.
2
(
1999
):
306
43
.
Hansen
,
Miriam Bratu
. “
The Mass Production of the Senses: Classical Cinema and Vernacular Modernism
.”
Modernism/Modernity
6
, no.
2
(
1999
):
59
77
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Empire
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Harper
,
Phillip Brian
.
Are We Not Men? Masculine Anxiety and the Problem of African-American Identity
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Harris
,
Trudier
.
Exorcising Blackness: Historical and Literary Lynching and Burning Rituals
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1984
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
. “
The Time of Slavery
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
101
, no.
4
(
2002
):
757
77
.
Hegel
,
G. W. F.
Phenomenology of Spirit
.
Translated by A. V. Miller
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1977
.
Hilliard
,
David
, and
Cole
Lewis
.
This Side of Glory: The Autobiography of David Hilliard and the Story of the Black Panther Party
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1993
.
Holland
,
Sharon Patricia
. “
Bill T. Jones, Tupac Shakur and the (Queer) Art of Death
.”
Callaloo
23
, no.
1
(
2000
):
384
93
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Reel to Real: Race, Sex, and Class at the Movies
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Hudson
,
Theodore R.
Activism and Criticism during the Black Arts Movement
.” In
Connections: Essays on Black Literatures
, edited by
Nelson
Emmanuel S.
,
89
99
.
Canberra, Australia
:
Aboriginal Studies Press
,
1988
.
James
,
Darius
.
That’s Blaxploitation! Roots of the Baadasssss ’Tude (Rated X by an All-Whyte Jury)
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1995
.
James
,
David E.
Chained to Devilpictures: Cinema and Black Liberation in the Sixties
.” In
The Year Left 2: An American Socialist Yearbook
, edited by
Davis
Mike
,
Marable
Manning
,
Pfeil
Fred
, and
Sprinker
Michael
,
125
38
.
London
:
Verso
,
1987
.
James
,
Joy
.
Shadowboxing: Representations of Black Feminist Politics
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1999
.
Jauss
,
Hans Robert
.
Towards an Aesthetic of Reception
.
Brighton, U.K.
:
Harvester Press
,
1982
.
Jennings
,
Regina
. “
Why I Joined the Party: An Africana Womanist Reflection
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
257
66
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Jones
,
Charles E.
, ed.
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Judy
,
Ronald A. T.
Fanon’s Body of Black Experience
.” In
Fanon: A Critical Reader
, edited by
Gordon
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
,
53
73
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Kandé
,
Sylvie
. “
Look Homeward, Angel: Maroons and Mulattos in Haile Gerima’s Sankofa
.”
Research in African Literatures
29
, no.
2
(
1998
):
128
46
.
Kawash
,
Samira
. “
Terrorists and Vampires: Fanon’s Spectral Violence of Decolonization
.” In
Frantz Fanon: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Alessandrini
Anthony C.
,
235
57
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
A Homegrown Revolutionary? Tupac Shakur and the Legacy of the Black Panther Party
.”
Black Scholar
29
, nos.
2
3
(
1999
):
59
63
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
In the Interval: Frantz Fanon and the ‘Problems’ of Visual Representation
.”
Qui Parle
13
, no.
2
(
2003
):
91
117
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
Joining the Lesbians: Cinematic Regimes of Black Lesbian Visibility
.” In
Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology
, edited by
Johnson
E. Patrick
and
Henderson
Mae G.
,
213
77
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Kickin’ Reality, Kickin’ Ballastics: ‘Gangsta Rap’ and Post-industrial Los Angeles
.” In
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
, by
Kelley
Robin D. G.
,
183
228
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Kennedy
,
Elizabeth Lapovsky
, and
Davis
Madeline D.
.
Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1994
.
Keyser
,
Les
.
Hollywood in the Seventies
. 1st ed.
New York
:
A. S. Barnes
,
1981
.
Kincaid
,
Jamaica
. “
Pam Grier: The Mocha Mogul of Hollywood
.”
Ms
.,
August
1975
,
49
53
.
Kramer
,
Peter
. “
Post-Classical Hollywood
.” In
American Cinema and Hollywood: Critical Approaches
, edited by
Hill
John
and
Gibson
Pamela Church
,
63
83
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Landy
,
Marcia
.
Film, Politics, and Gramsci
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Landy
,
Marcia
.
The Folklore of Consensus: Theatricality in Italian Cinema, 1930–1943
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1998
.
LeBlanc-Ernest
,
Angela D.
‘The Most Qualified Person to Handle the Job’: Black Panther Party Women, 1966–1982
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
305
34
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Lewis
,
Jon
, ed.
The New American Cinema
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Lipsitz
,
George
. “
The Struggle for Hegemony
.”
Journal of American History
75
, no.
1
(
1988
):
146
50
.
Lorde
,
Audre
.
Zami: A New Spelling of My Name
.
Freedom, Calif.
:
Crossing Press
,
1997
.
Lowe
,
Lisa
, and
Lloyd
David
, eds.
The Politics of Culture in the Shadow of Capital
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Lubiano
,
Wahneema
. “
Black Ladies, Welfare Queens, and State Minstrels: Ideological War by Narrative Means
.” In
Race-Ing Justice, En-Gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality
, edited by
Morrison
Toni
,
323
63
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1992
.
Lubiano
,
Wahneema
. “
Black Nationalism and Black Common Sense: Policing Ourselves and Others
.” In
The House that Race Built: Black Americans, U.S. Terrain
, edited by
Lubiano
Wahneema
,
232
52
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1997
.
MacDonald
,
J. Fred
.
Blacks and White TV: African Americans in Television since 1948
.
Chicago
:
Nelson Hall
,
1992
.
Madison
,
D. Soyini
. “
Oedipus Rex at Eve’s Bayou or the Little Black Girl Who Left Sigmund Freud in the Swamp
.”
Cultural Studies
14
, no.
2
(
2000
):
311
40
.
Marriott
,
David
.
On Black Men
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2000
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
.
Translated by Martin Milli-gan
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1993
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy
.
Translated by Martin Nicolaus
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
1993
.
Masilela
,
Ntongela
. “
The Los Angeles School of Black Filmmakers
.” In
Black American Cinema
, edited by
Diawara
Manthia
,
107
17
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Matthews
,
Tracye
. “
‘No One Ever Asks, What a Man’s Role in the Revolution Is’: Gender and the Politics of the Black Panther Party, 1966–1971
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
267
304
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
McBride
,
Dwight A.
Can the Queen Speak? Racial Essentialism, Sexuality and the Problem of Authority
.”
Callaloo
21
, no.
2
(
1998
):
363
79
.
Mercer
,
Kobena
. “
Busy in the Ruins of a Wretched Phantasia
.” In
Frantz Fanon: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Alessandrini
Anthony C.
,
195
218
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Morrison
,
Toni
.
Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1993
.
Moten
,
Fred
.
In the Break: The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Muñoz
,
José Esteban
.
Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Neal
,
Larry
. “
The Black Arts Movement
.”
Drama Review
12
, no.
4
(
1968
):
28
39
.
Neale
,
Steve
. “
Questions of Genre
.”
Screen
31
, no.
1
(
1990
):
45
66
.
Negri
,
Antonio
.
Marx beyond Marx: Lessons on the Grundrisse
.
Translated by Harry Cleaver, Michael Ryan, and Maurizio Viano
.
Brooklyn
:
Autonomedia
,
1991
.
Nestle
,
Joan
.
A Restricted Country: Essays and Short Stories
.
London
:
Sheba Feminist Publishers
,
1988
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
Fear and Doubt: May 15, 1967
.” In
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
,
79
81
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
War against the Panthers: A Study of Repression in America
.
New York
:
Writers and Readers
,
1996
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
The Women’s Liberation and the Gay Liberation Movements: August 15, 1970
.” In
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
,
152
55
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
, and
Black
J. Herman
.
Revolutionary Suicide
.
New York
:
Writers and Readers
,
1995
.
Novak
,
Ralph
. “
Set It Off
.”
People
46
, no.
20
(
1996
).
Nun
,
Jose
. “
Elements for a Theory of Democracy: Gramsci and Common Sense
.”
boundary 2
14
, no.
3
(
1986
):
197
229
.
Pines
,
Jim
, and
Willemen
Paul
, eds.
Questions of Third Cinema
.
London
:
British Film Institute
,
1989
.
Pisters
,
Patricia
.
The Matrix of Visual Culture: Working with Deleuze in Film Theory
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
2003
.
Pye
,
Michael
, and
Myles
Linda
.
The Movie Brats: How the Film Generation Took Over Hollywood
.
New York
:
Holt, Rinehart, and Winston
,
1979
.
Rainwater
,
Lee
, and
Yancey
William L.
, eds.
The Moynihan Report and the Politics of Controversy
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1967
.
Reid
,
Mark A.
Redefining Black Film
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Rhines
,
Jesse Algeron
.
Black Film, White Money
.
New Brunswick, N.J.
:
Rutgers Univesity Press
,
1996
.
Roberts
,
Jerry
. “
As Vid Mart Matures, Indies Go Upscale to Find Niche Biz
.”
Variety
,
23
February
1998
,
A12
A13
.
Roof
,
Judith
. “
1970s Lesbian Feminism Meets 1990s Butch-Femme
.” In
Butch/Femme: Inside Lesbian Gender
, edited by
Munt
Sally
,
27
36
.
Herndon, Va.
:
Cassell
,
1998
.
Samuel L. Jackson and Lynn Whitfield Star in Movie about Success and Secrets of Louisiana Family (Eve’s Bayou)
.”
Jet
,
10
November
1997
,
60
64
.
Seale
,
Bobby
.
A Lonely Rage: The Autobiography of Bobby Seale
.
New York
:
Times Books
,
1977
.
Seale
,
Bobby
.
Seize the Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1970
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
. “
The L Word: Novelty in Normalcy
.”
Chronicle of Higher Education
,
16
January
2004
,
B10
B12
.
Shakur
,
Assata
.
Assata: An Autobiography
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill
,
1987
.
Singh
,
Nikhil Pal
. “
The Black Panthers and the ‘Undeveloped Country’ of the Left
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
57
105
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Smethurst
,
James
. “
Pat Your Foot and Turn the Corner: Amiri Baraka, the Black Arts Movement, and the Poetics of a Popular Avant-Garde
.”
African American Review
37
, nos.
2–3
(
2003
):
261
70
.
Smith
,
Barbara
,
Hull
Gloria T.
, and
Scott
Patricia Bell
, eds.
All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave: Black Women’s Studies
.
New York
:
Feminist Press
,
1982
.
Smythe
,
Dallas
.
Dependency Road: Communications, Capitalism, Consciousness, and Canada
.
Norwood, N.J.
:
Ablex
,
1981
.
Sobchack
,
Vivian
. “
The Insistent Fringe: Moving Images and Historical Consciousness
.”
History and Theory
36
, no.
4
(
1997
):
4
20
.
Spigel
,
Lynn
. “
Installing the Television Set: Popular Discourses on Television and Domestic Space, 1948–1955
.”
Camera Obscura
16
(
1988
):
11
46
.
Spillers
,
Hortense J.
Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book
.”
diacritics
17
, no.
2
(
1987
):
65
81
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri Chakravorty
. “
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader
, edited by
Williams
Patrick
and
Chrisman
Laura
,
66
111
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Tinkcom
,
Matthew
.
Working Like a Homosexual: Camp, Capital, Cinema
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Torres
,
Sasha
.
Black, White, and in Color: Television and Black Civil Rights
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Villarejo
,
Amy
.
Lesbian Rule: Cultural Criticism and the Value of Desire
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Wallace
,
Michele
.
Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman
.
New York
:
Dial Press
,
1978
.
Watkins
,
S. Craig
.
Representing: Hip Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Wayne
,
Mike
.
Political Film: The Dialectics of Third Cinema
.
Sterling, Va.
:
Pluto Press
,
2001
.
White
,
Armond
.
Rebel for the Hell of It: The Life of Tupac Shakur
.
New York
:
Thunder’s Mouth Press
,
1997
.
Wiegman
,
Robyn
.
American Anatomies: Theorizing Race and Gender
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Woolford
,
Pamela
, and
Gerima
Haile
. “
Filming Slavery: A Conversation with Haile Gerima
.”
Transition
no.
64
(
1994
):
90
104
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Bibliography

Armstrong
,
Nancy
. “
Modernism’s Iconophobia and What It Did to Gender
.”
Modernism/Modernity
5
, no.
2
(
1998
):
47
75
.
Asukile
,
Thabiti
. “
The All-Embracing Black Nationalist Theories of David Walker’s Appeal
.”
Black Scholar
29
, no.
4
(
1999
):
16
24
.
Bambara
,
Toni Cade
. “
Reading the Signs, Empowering the Eye: Daughters of the Dust and the Black Independent Cinema Movement
.” In
Black American Cinema
, edited by
Diawara
Manthia
,
118
44
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Baraka
,
Amiri
.
The LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader
, edited by
Harris
William J.
and
Baraka
Amiri
. 2nd ed.
New York
:
Thunder’s Mouth Press
,
2000
.
Beller
,
Jonathan L.
Dziga Vertov and the Film of Money
.”
boundary 2
26
, no.
3
(
1999
):
151
99
.
Benjamin
,
Walter
. “
The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction
.” In
Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
, edited by
Arendt
Hannah
,
217
52
.
New York
:
Schocken Books
,
1968
.
Bergson
,
Henri
.
Creative Evolution
.
Translated by Arthur Mitchell
.
Mineola, N.Y.
:
Dover
,
1998
.
Bergson
,
Henri
.
Matter and Memory
.
Translated by Nancy Margaret Paul and W. Scott Palmer
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1990
.
Bordwell
,
David
,
Staiger
Janet
, and
Thompson
Kristin
.
The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film Style and Mode of Production to 1960
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Brody
,
Jennifer DeVere
. “
The Returns of Cleopatra Jones
.”
Signs
25
, no.
1
(
1999
):
91
121
.
Brown
,
Elaine
.
A Taste of Power: A Black Woman’s Story
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1992
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
Aesthetics and Anaesthetics: Walter Benjamin’s Artwork Essay Reconsidered
.”
October
62
(
1992
):
3
41
.
Buck-Morss
Susan
. “
The Dream World of Mass Culture: Walter Benjamin’s Theory of Modernity and the Dialectics of Seeing
.” In
Modernity and the Hegemony of Vision
, edited by
Levin
David Michael
,
309
38
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Carby
,
Hazel V.
Reconstructing Womanhood: The Emergence of the Afro-American Woman Novelist
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1987
.
Carmichael
,
Stokely
, and
Hamilton
Charles V.
.
Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1967
.
Churchill
,
Ward
. “
‘To Disrupt, Discredit and Destroy’: The FBI’s Secret War against the Black Panther Party
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
78
117
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Churchill
,
Ward
, and
Wall
Jim Vander
.
Agents of Repression: The FBI’s Secret Wars against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
1990
.
Cleaver
,
Eldridge
.
Soul on Ice
.
New York
:
Dell Publishing
,
1968
.
Cleaver
,
Kathleen
, and
Katsiaficas
George
, eds.
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Clemmons
,
Michael L.
, and
Jones
Charles E.
. “
Global Solidarity: The Black Panther Party in the International Arena
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
20
39
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Cook
,
David A.
Auteur Cinema and the ‘Film Generation’ in 1970s Hollywood
.” In
The New American Cinema
, edited by
Lewis
Jon
,
11
37
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Cooper
,
Anna Julia
.
A Voice from the South
. edited by
Gates
Henry Louis
Jr.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1988
.
Cornwell
,
Anita
.
Black Lesbian in White America
.
Minneapolis
:
Naiad Press
,
1983
.
Cripps
,
Thomas
. “
New Black Cinema and Uses of the Past
.” In
Black Cinema Aesthetics: Issues in Independent Black Filmmaking
, edited by
Yearwood
Gladstone
.
Athens
:
Ohio University Center for Afro-American Studies
,
1982
.
Cripps
,
Thomas
.
Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 1900–1942
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Davis
,
Angela
. “
Black Nationalism: The Sixties and the Nineties
.” In
Black Popular Culture
, edited by
Dent
Gina
,
317
24
.
Seattle
:
Bay Press
,
1992
.
Davis
,
Angela
. “
Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves
.” In
The Angela Y. Davis Reader
, edited by
James
Joy
,
111
28
.
New York
:
Blackwell
,
1998
.
Davis
,
Angela
.
Women, Race, and Class
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1983
.
Debord
,
Guy
.
The Society of the Spectacle
.
Translated by Donald Nicholson-Smith
.
New York
:
Zone Books
,
1995
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Cinema 1: The Movement-Image
.
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Hammerjam
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1991
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Cinema 2: The Time-Image
.
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Robert Galeta
.
1985
. Reprint,
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Difference and Repetition
.
Translated by Paul Patton
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
.
Negotiations, 1972–1990
.
Translated by Martin Joughin
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1995
.
Deleuze
,
Gilles
, and
Guattari
Felix
.
What Is Philosophy?
Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Graham Burchall
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
.
Aporias
.
Translated by Thomas Dutoit
.
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
1993
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
.
The Other Heading: Reflections on Today’s Europe
.
Translated by Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael B. Naas
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1992
.
Diawara
,
Manthia
, ed.
Black American Cinema
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Dienst
,
Richard
.
Still Life in Real Time: Theory after Television
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Doss
,
Erika
. “
‘Revolutionary Art Is a Tool for Liberation’: Emory Douglas and Protest Aesthetics at the Black Panther
.” In
Liberation, Imagination, and the Black Panther Party: A New Look at the Panthers and Their Legacy
, edited by
Cleaver
Kathleen
and
Katsiaficas
George
,
175
87
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
My Bondage and My Freedom
.
New York
:
Washington Square Press
,
2003
.
Douglass
,
Frederick
.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself
.
New York
:
New American Library
,
1968
.
Du Bois
,
W. E. B.
.
The Souls of Black Folk
.
New York
:
Penguin Classics
,
1996
.
Dyer
,
Richard
.
White
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Eng
,
David L.
,
Halberstam
Judith
, and
Muñoz
José Esteban
. “
Introduction: What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?
Social Text
84–85
(
2005
):
1
17
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
Black Skin, White Masks
.
Translated by Constance Farrington
.
New York
:
Grove Press
,
1968
.
Feinberg
,
Leslie
.
Stone Butch Blues
.
Ithaca, N.Y.
:
Firebrand Books
,
1993
.
Ferguson
,
Roderick A.
Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Flaxman
,
Gregory
, ed.
The Brain Is the Screen: Deleuze and the Philsophy of Cinema
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2000
.
Foner
,
Philip
, ed.
The Black Panthers Speak
.
New York
:
Da Capo Press
,
1995
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews
.
Translated by Donald F. Bouchard and Sherry Simon
.
Ithaca, N.Y.
:
Cornell University Press
,
1977
.
Garber
,
Eric
. “
A Spectacle in Color: The Lesbian and Gay Subculture of Jazz Age Harlem
.” In
Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past
, edited by
Duberman
Martin
,
Vicinus
Martha
, and
Chauncey
George
Jr.
,
318
31
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
1989
.
Gerima
,
Haile
. “
Triangular Cinema, Breaking Toys, and Dinknesh vs Lucy
.” In
Questions of Third Cinema
, edited by
Pines
Jim
and
Willeman
Paul
,
65
89
.
London
:
British Film Institute
,
1989
.
Gomez
,
Jewelle
. “
Femme Erotic Independence
.” In
Butch/Femme: Inside Lesbian Gender
, edited by
Munt
Sally
,
101
8
.
London
:
Cassell
,
1998
.
Gordon
,
Avery
.
Ghostly Matters: Haunting and the Sociological Imagination
.
Minnesota
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1997
.
Gordon
,
Lewis R.
The Black and the Body Politic: Fanon’s Existential Phenomeno-logical Critique of Psychoanalysis
.” In
Fanon: A Critical Reader
, edited by
Gordon
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
,
74
84
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Gordon
,
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
, eds.
Fanon: A Critical Reader
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Gramsci
,
Antonio
.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
.
Translated by Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1992
.
Guerrero
, Ed.
Framing Blackness: The African American Image in Film
.
Philadelphia
:
Temple University Press
,
1993
.
Guneratne
,
Anthony R.
, and
Dissanayake
Wimal
, eds.
Rethinking Third Cinema
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2003
.
Halberstam
,
Judith
.
Female Masculinity
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Hammonds
,
Evelynn
. “
Black (W)Holes and the Geometry of Black Female Sexuality
.”
Differences
6
, nos.
2–3
(
1994
):
126
45
.
Hansen
,
Miriam Bratu
. “
Benjamin and Cinema: Not a One Way Street
.”
Critical Inquiry
25
, no.
2
(
1999
):
306
43
.
Hansen
,
Miriam Bratu
. “
The Mass Production of the Senses: Classical Cinema and Vernacular Modernism
.”
Modernism/Modernity
6
, no.
2
(
1999
):
59
77
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Empire
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Harper
,
Phillip Brian
.
Are We Not Men? Masculine Anxiety and the Problem of African-American Identity
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1996
.
Harris
,
Trudier
.
Exorcising Blackness: Historical and Literary Lynching and Burning Rituals
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1984
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
.
Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Hartman
,
Saidiya
. “
The Time of Slavery
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
101
, no.
4
(
2002
):
757
77
.
Hegel
,
G. W. F.
Phenomenology of Spirit
.
Translated by A. V. Miller
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1977
.
Hilliard
,
David
, and
Cole
Lewis
.
This Side of Glory: The Autobiography of David Hilliard and the Story of the Black Panther Party
.
Boston
:
Little, Brown
,
1993
.
Holland
,
Sharon Patricia
. “
Bill T. Jones, Tupac Shakur and the (Queer) Art of Death
.”
Callaloo
23
, no.
1
(
2000
):
384
93
.
hooks
,
bell
.
Reel to Real: Race, Sex, and Class at the Movies
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1996
.
Hudson
,
Theodore R.
Activism and Criticism during the Black Arts Movement
.” In
Connections: Essays on Black Literatures
, edited by
Nelson
Emmanuel S.
,
89
99
.
Canberra, Australia
:
Aboriginal Studies Press
,
1988
.
James
,
Darius
.
That’s Blaxploitation! Roots of the Baadasssss ’Tude (Rated X by an All-Whyte Jury)
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1995
.
James
,
David E.
Chained to Devilpictures: Cinema and Black Liberation in the Sixties
.” In
The Year Left 2: An American Socialist Yearbook
, edited by
Davis
Mike
,
Marable
Manning
,
Pfeil
Fred
, and
Sprinker
Michael
,
125
38
.
London
:
Verso
,
1987
.
James
,
Joy
.
Shadowboxing: Representations of Black Feminist Politics
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
,
1999
.
Jauss
,
Hans Robert
.
Towards an Aesthetic of Reception
.
Brighton, U.K.
:
Harvester Press
,
1982
.
Jennings
,
Regina
. “
Why I Joined the Party: An Africana Womanist Reflection
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
257
66
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Jones
,
Charles E.
, ed.
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Judy
,
Ronald A. T.
Fanon’s Body of Black Experience
.” In
Fanon: A Critical Reader
, edited by
Gordon
Lewis R.
,
Sharpley-Whiting
T. Denean
, and
White
Renee T.
,
53
73
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
Blackwell
,
1996
.
Kandé
,
Sylvie
. “
Look Homeward, Angel: Maroons and Mulattos in Haile Gerima’s Sankofa
.”
Research in African Literatures
29
, no.
2
(
1998
):
128
46
.
Kawash
,
Samira
. “
Terrorists and Vampires: Fanon’s Spectral Violence of Decolonization
.” In
Frantz Fanon: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Alessandrini
Anthony C.
,
235
57
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
A Homegrown Revolutionary? Tupac Shakur and the Legacy of the Black Panther Party
.”
Black Scholar
29
, nos.
2
3
(
1999
):
59
63
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
In the Interval: Frantz Fanon and the ‘Problems’ of Visual Representation
.”
Qui Parle
13
, no.
2
(
2003
):
91
117
.
Keeling
,
Kara
. “
Joining the Lesbians: Cinematic Regimes of Black Lesbian Visibility
.” In
Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology
, edited by
Johnson
E. Patrick
and
Henderson
Mae G.
,
213
77
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Kickin’ Reality, Kickin’ Ballastics: ‘Gangsta Rap’ and Post-industrial Los Angeles
.” In
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
, by
Kelley
Robin D. G.
,
183
228
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Kelley
,
Robin D. G.
Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class
.
New York
:
Free Press
,
1996
.
Kennedy
,
Elizabeth Lapovsky
, and
Davis
Madeline D.
.
Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community
.
New York
:
Penguin
,
1994
.
Keyser
,
Les
.
Hollywood in the Seventies
. 1st ed.
New York
:
A. S. Barnes
,
1981
.
Kincaid
,
Jamaica
. “
Pam Grier: The Mocha Mogul of Hollywood
.”
Ms
.,
August
1975
,
49
53
.
Kramer
,
Peter
. “
Post-Classical Hollywood
.” In
American Cinema and Hollywood: Critical Approaches
, edited by
Hill
John
and
Gibson
Pamela Church
,
63
83
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Landy
,
Marcia
.
Film, Politics, and Gramsci
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1994
.
Landy
,
Marcia
.
The Folklore of Consensus: Theatricality in Italian Cinema, 1930–1943
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1998
.
LeBlanc-Ernest
,
Angela D.
‘The Most Qualified Person to Handle the Job’: Black Panther Party Women, 1966–1982
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
305
34
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Lewis
,
Jon
, ed.
The New American Cinema
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1998
.
Lipsitz
,
George
. “
The Struggle for Hegemony
.”
Journal of American History
75
, no.
1
(
1988
):
146
50
.
Lorde
,
Audre
.
Zami: A New Spelling of My Name
.
Freedom, Calif.
:
Crossing Press
,
1997
.
Lowe
,
Lisa
, and
Lloyd
David
, eds.
The Politics of Culture in the Shadow of Capital
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Lubiano
,
Wahneema
. “
Black Ladies, Welfare Queens, and State Minstrels: Ideological War by Narrative Means
.” In
Race-Ing Justice, En-Gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas, and the Construction of Social Reality
, edited by
Morrison
Toni
,
323
63
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1992
.
Lubiano
,
Wahneema
. “
Black Nationalism and Black Common Sense: Policing Ourselves and Others
.” In
The House that Race Built: Black Americans, U.S. Terrain
, edited by
Lubiano
Wahneema
,
232
52
.
New York
:
Pantheon Books
,
1997
.
MacDonald
,
J. Fred
.
Blacks and White TV: African Americans in Television since 1948
.
Chicago
:
Nelson Hall
,
1992
.
Madison
,
D. Soyini
. “
Oedipus Rex at Eve’s Bayou or the Little Black Girl Who Left Sigmund Freud in the Swamp
.”
Cultural Studies
14
, no.
2
(
2000
):
311
40
.
Marriott
,
David
.
On Black Men
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
2000
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
.
Translated by Martin Milli-gan
.
New York
:
International Publishers
,
1993
.
Marx
,
Karl
.
Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy
.
Translated by Martin Nicolaus
.
New York
:
Penguin Books
,
1993
.
Masilela
,
Ntongela
. “
The Los Angeles School of Black Filmmakers
.” In
Black American Cinema
, edited by
Diawara
Manthia
,
107
17
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Matthews
,
Tracye
. “
‘No One Ever Asks, What a Man’s Role in the Revolution Is’: Gender and the Politics of the Black Panther Party, 1966–1971
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
267
304
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
McBride
,
Dwight A.
Can the Queen Speak? Racial Essentialism, Sexuality and the Problem of Authority
.”
Callaloo
21
, no.
2
(
1998
):
363
79
.
Mercer
,
Kobena
. “
Busy in the Ruins of a Wretched Phantasia
.” In
Frantz Fanon: Critical Perspectives
, edited by
Alessandrini
Anthony C.
,
195
218
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Morrison
,
Toni
.
Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1993
.
Moten
,
Fred
.
In the Break: The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2003
.
Muñoz
,
José Esteban
.
Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1999
.
Neal
,
Larry
. “
The Black Arts Movement
.”
Drama Review
12
, no.
4
(
1968
):
28
39
.
Neale
,
Steve
. “
Questions of Genre
.”
Screen
31
, no.
1
(
1990
):
45
66
.
Negri
,
Antonio
.
Marx beyond Marx: Lessons on the Grundrisse
.
Translated by Harry Cleaver, Michael Ryan, and Maurizio Viano
.
Brooklyn
:
Autonomedia
,
1991
.
Nestle
,
Joan
.
A Restricted Country: Essays and Short Stories
.
London
:
Sheba Feminist Publishers
,
1988
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
Fear and Doubt: May 15, 1967
.” In
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
,
79
81
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
War against the Panthers: A Study of Repression in America
.
New York
:
Writers and Readers
,
1996
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
The Women’s Liberation and the Gay Liberation Movements: August 15, 1970
.” In
To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton
,
152
55
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1972
.
Newton
,
Huey P.
, and
Black
J. Herman
.
Revolutionary Suicide
.
New York
:
Writers and Readers
,
1995
.
Novak
,
Ralph
. “
Set It Off
.”
People
46
, no.
20
(
1996
).
Nun
,
Jose
. “
Elements for a Theory of Democracy: Gramsci and Common Sense
.”
boundary 2
14
, no.
3
(
1986
):
197
229
.
Pines
,
Jim
, and
Willemen
Paul
, eds.
Questions of Third Cinema
.
London
:
British Film Institute
,
1989
.
Pisters
,
Patricia
.
The Matrix of Visual Culture: Working with Deleuze in Film Theory
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Stanford University Press
,
2003
.
Pye
,
Michael
, and
Myles
Linda
.
The Movie Brats: How the Film Generation Took Over Hollywood
.
New York
:
Holt, Rinehart, and Winston
,
1979
.
Rainwater
,
Lee
, and
Yancey
William L.
, eds.
The Moynihan Report and the Politics of Controversy
.
Cambridge, Mass.
:
MIT Press
,
1967
.
Reid
,
Mark A.
Redefining Black Film
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1993
.
Rhines
,
Jesse Algeron
.
Black Film, White Money
.
New Brunswick, N.J.
:
Rutgers Univesity Press
,
1996
.
Roberts
,
Jerry
. “
As Vid Mart Matures, Indies Go Upscale to Find Niche Biz
.”
Variety
,
23
February
1998
,
A12
A13
.
Roof
,
Judith
. “
1970s Lesbian Feminism Meets 1990s Butch-Femme
.” In
Butch/Femme: Inside Lesbian Gender
, edited by
Munt
Sally
,
27
36
.
Herndon, Va.
:
Cassell
,
1998
.
Samuel L. Jackson and Lynn Whitfield Star in Movie about Success and Secrets of Louisiana Family (Eve’s Bayou)
.”
Jet
,
10
November
1997
,
60
64
.
Seale
,
Bobby
.
A Lonely Rage: The Autobiography of Bobby Seale
.
New York
:
Times Books
,
1977
.
Seale
,
Bobby
.
Seize the Time: The Story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton
.
New York
:
Random House
,
1970
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
. “
The L Word: Novelty in Normalcy
.”
Chronicle of Higher Education
,
16
January
2004
,
B10
B12
.
Shakur
,
Assata
.
Assata: An Autobiography
.
Westport, Conn.
:
Lawrence Hill
,
1987
.
Singh
,
Nikhil Pal
. “
The Black Panthers and the ‘Undeveloped Country’ of the Left
.” In
The Black Panther Party (Reconsidered)
, edited by
Jones
Charles E.
,
57
105
.
Baltimore
:
Black Classic Press
,
1998
.
Smethurst
,
James
. “
Pat Your Foot and Turn the Corner: Amiri Baraka, the Black Arts Movement, and the Poetics of a Popular Avant-Garde
.”
African American Review
37
, nos.
2–3
(
2003
):
261
70
.
Smith
,
Barbara
,
Hull
Gloria T.
, and
Scott
Patricia Bell
, eds.
All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave: Black Women’s Studies
.
New York
:
Feminist Press
,
1982
.
Smythe
,
Dallas
.
Dependency Road: Communications, Capitalism, Consciousness, and Canada
.
Norwood, N.J.
:
Ablex
,
1981
.
Sobchack
,
Vivian
. “
The Insistent Fringe: Moving Images and Historical Consciousness
.”
History and Theory
36
, no.
4
(
1997
):
4
20
.
Spigel
,
Lynn
. “
Installing the Television Set: Popular Discourses on Television and Domestic Space, 1948–1955
.”
Camera Obscura
16
(
1988
):
11
46
.
Spillers
,
Hortense J.
Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book
.”
diacritics
17
, no.
2
(
1987
):
65
81
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri Chakravorty
. “
Can the Subaltern Speak?
” In
Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader
, edited by
Williams
Patrick
and
Chrisman
Laura
,
66
111
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1994
.
Tinkcom
,
Matthew
.
Working Like a Homosexual: Camp, Capital, Cinema
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Torres
,
Sasha
.
Black, White, and in Color: Television and Black Civil Rights
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2003
.
Villarejo
,
Amy
.
Lesbian Rule: Cultural Criticism and the Value of Desire
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Wallace
,
Michele
.
Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman
.
New York
:
Dial Press
,
1978
.
Watkins
,
S. Craig
.
Representing: Hip Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Wayne
,
Mike
.
Political Film: The Dialectics of Third Cinema
.
Sterling, Va.
:
Pluto Press
,
2001
.
White
,
Armond
.
Rebel for the Hell of It: The Life of Tupac Shakur
.
New York
:
Thunder’s Mouth Press
,
1997
.
Wiegman
,
Robyn
.
American Anatomies: Theorizing Race and Gender
.
Durham, N.C.
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Woolford
,
Pamela
, and
Gerima
Haile
. “
Filming Slavery: A Conversation with Haile Gerima
.”
Transition
no.
64
(
1994
):
90
104
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal