Conclusion: Development, Resilience, and the End of the Land
This chapter addresses the practical and policy implications of large-scale resource development in Papua New Guinea. Resource exploitation will be a centerpiece of economic development in PNG for the next several decades; with a combination of foresight and in-depth case studies such as this book, hopefully developers and the PNG state will not repeat many of the mistakes that have occurred at Porgera and other mines. This chapter also engages with resilience and explores how locally derived ontologies and myths intersect with a resilience framework focused on coupled human and natural systems. The chapter ends with a discussion of the agency of gold and how gold mining in particular has lent itself to perceptions of the land ending in Porgera.