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This chapter deals with the spirit world, especially in terms of two main classes of spirits, nature spirits and human spirits, for their role in mediating people’s relationships with the land and one another. Porgeran cosmology is underpinned by the flow of a vital life force throughout the land, plants and animals, and human bodies. This life force, ipane (grease), is central to ancestral spirit rituals. Conversion to Christianity has ended many of the rituals formerly used to placate ancestral spirits, which has led most Porgerans to worry about “the end of the land,” a landscape without the vital life...

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