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The introductory chapter provides background on the artist’s practice. Heap of Birds describes his practice as continuing a warrior tradition, comparing his art to the “sharp rocks,” or stone projectile points, found on the ground of the Cheyenne-Arapaho Nation and elsewhere in North America. Heap of Birds’s art lodges a trenchant critique of settler colonialism and its legacies. This introduction contextualizes his work in relation to a generation of politically engaged artists along with whom he first gained notoriety in the 1980s. Heap of Birds’s practice is also contextualized in relation to Plains Native ceremony and worldview, in particular the Earth Renewal, or Sun Dance, in which he has been a participant and leader for over three decades. The chapter concludes by arguing that Heap of Birds’s art, grounded in indigenous philosophies and notions of time, intervenes in current formations of contemporary art history and theory.

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Figures & Tables

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References

Bibliography

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Mónica
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Kobena
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2009
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Berlo
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1976
.
Berthrong
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Donald J.
The Southern Cheyennes
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Norman
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University of Oklahoma Press
,
1963
.
Bishop
,
Claire
. “
Antagonism and Relational Aesthetics
.”
October
110
(fall
2001
):
51
79
.
Blomberg
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Nancy J.
, ed.
[Re]inventing the Wheel: Advancing the Dialogue on Contemporary American Indian Art
.
Denver
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Denver Art Museum
,
2008
.
Blomley
,
Nick
. “
Artistic Displacements: An Interview with Edgar Heap of Birds
.”
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space
22
(
2004
):
799
807
.
Brown
,
Dee
.
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West
.
New York
:
Macmillan
,
1971
.
Coombes
,
Annie E.
, ed.
Rethinking Settler Colonialism: History and Memory in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand, and South Africa
.
Manchester
:
Manchester University Press
,
2006
.
Deloria
,
Vine
Jr.
, and
Lytle
Clifford
.
The Nations Within: The Past and Future of American Indian Sovereignty
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1984
.
Dorsey
,
George A.
The Cheyenne
.
Publications of the Field Columbian Museum: Anthropological Series
, vol.
9
.
Chicago
:
Field Columbian Museum
,
1905
.
Doss
,
Erika
.
Memorial Mania: Public Feeling in America
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2010
.
Drucker
,
Johanna
.
Figuring the Word: Essays on Books, Writing and Visual Poetics
.
New York
:
Granary Books
,
1998
.
Fisher
,
Jean
.
Heh No Wah Maun Stun He Dun: What Makes a Man
.
London
:
Matt’s Gallery
,
1989
.
Exhibition catalog
.
Foster
,
Hal
. “
An Archival Impulse
.”
October
110
(fall
2004
):
3
22
.
Fowler
,
Loretta
.
Tribal Sovereignty and the Historical Imagination: Cheyenne-Arapaho Politics
.
Lincoln
:
University of Nebraska Press
,
2002
.
Gárcia Canclini
,
Néstor
.
Art beyond Itself: Anthropology for a Society without a Story Line
. Translated by
Frye
David
.
Durham, NC
:
Duke University Press
,
2014
.
Gussow
,
Zachary
,
Hafen
Leroy R.
, and
Ekirch
Arthur A.
Jr.
,
Indian Claims Commission
.
Arapaho-Cheyenne Indians, Cheyenne and Arapaho Aboriginal Occupation, Historical Development of the Arapaho-Cheyenne Land Area, Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians, Commission Findings
.
New York
:
Garland
,
1974
.
Heap of Birds
,
Edgar
.
Sharp Rocks
.
Buffalo, NY
:
CEPA
,
1986
.
Exhibition catalog
.
Huhndorf
,
Shari M.
Mapping the Americas: The Transnational Politics of Contemporary Native Culture
.
Ithaca, NY
:
Cornell University Press
,
2009
.
Ingberman
,
Jeanette
,
Colo
Papo
,
Fisher
Jean
,
Sims
Lowery Stokes
, and
Heap of Birds
Hachivi Edgar
.
Claim Your Color
.
New York
:
Exit Art
,
1989
.
Exhibition catalog
.
Jorgenson
,
Joseph G.
The Sun Dance Religion: Power for the Powerless
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1972
.
Kapur
,
Geeta
.
When Was Modernism: Essays on Contemporary Cultural Practice in India
.
New Delhi
:
Tulika
,
2000
.
Ketchum
,
Shanna
. “
Native American Cosmopolitan Modernism(s): A Re-articulation of Presence through Time and Space
.”
Third Text
19
, no.
4
(
July
2005
):
357
64
.
Kotz
,
Liz
.
Words to Be Looked At: Language in 1960s Art
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
,
2007
.
Krauss
,
Rosalind
.
A Voyage on the North Sea: Art in the Age of the Post-medium Condition
.
London
:
Thames and Hudson
,
2000
.
Kwon
,
Miwon
.
One Place after Another: Site-Specific Art and Locational Identity
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
,
2002
.
Lacy
,
Suzanne
, ed.
Mapping the Terrain: New Genre Public Art
.
Seattle
:
Bay Press
,
1995
.
Lee
,
Pamela
.
Chronophobia: On Time in the Art of the 1960s
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
,
2006
.
Lippard
,
Lucy
.
Mixed Blessings: New Art in a Multicultural America
.
New York
:
Pantheon
,
1990
.
Lippard
,
Lucy
.
Six Years: The Dematerialization of the Art Object from 1966 to 1972
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1997
.
Mithlo
,
Nancy Marie
. “
Reappropriating Redskins: Pellerossasogna (Red Skin Dream); Shelley Niro at the 50th La Biennale di Venezia
.”
Visual Anthropology Review
20
, no.
2
(fall
2004
):
22
35
.
Mithlo
,
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