Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Delving into the second phase of the struggle against the antisodomy law (2006–13), the chapter juxtaposes the 2009 Delhi High Court ruling decriminalizing homosexuality and the 2013 Supreme Court decision recriminalizing it. The chapter begins with the decisive impact of Voices against Section 377, a coalition of Delhi-based groups, on the historic Delhi High Court ruling. Reading this decision alongside the apex court’s overruling, the chapter makes the case that the two judgments represent diverging views of the relationship between state and sexuality in postliberalized India. Thus the lower court seeks to reduce the reach of the state, except that it does so by deploying an individualized, assimilationist, and transnational rights regime. Turning to the Supreme Court 2013 pronouncement, the analysis comes to grips with the ways it too is shaped by the imperatives of postliberalization. In contrast to the lower court’s vision, the apex court seeks to reaffirm the state and prolong governance through legislative intrusions into the realm of sexuality.

This content is only available as PDF.

Bibliography

Bibliography
Abram
,
Simone
,
Murdoch
Jonathan
, and
Marsden
Terry
. “
Planning by Numbers: Migration and Statistical Governance
.” In
Migration into Rural Areas: Theories and Issues
, edited by
Boyle
Paul
and
Halfacree
Keith
.
Chichester, NY
:
Wiley
,
1998
.
Abrams
,
Philip
. “
Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State (1977)
.”
Journal of Historical Sociology
1
.
1
(
1988
):
58
89
.
Agamben
,
Giorgio
.
Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life
. Translated by
Heller-Roazen
Daniel
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1995
.
Aggrawal
,
Shobha
.
The Public Interest Litigation Hoax: Truth before the Nation. A Citizen’s Report on How PIL Fails to Provide Justice to Those Who Need It Most
.
New Delhi
:
Shobha PIL Watch Group
,
2005
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
Hypocritical Morality: Mumbai’s Ban on Bar Dancers
.”
Manushi
149
(
2005
):
10
19
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
.
Law and Gender Inequality
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
Protecting Women against Violence?
” In
State and Politics in India
, edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
.
State Control and Sexual Morality: The Case of the Bar Dancers of Mumbai.”
In
Enculturing Law: New Agendas for Legal Pedagog
, edited by
John
Matthew
and
Kakarala
Sitharamam
.
New Delhi
:
Tulika Books
,
2007
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
The Right to Dance: Mumbai High Court Judgment Strikes the Right Note
.”
Manushi
154
(
2005
):
20
24
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Not Just (Any) Body Can Be a Citizen: The Politics of Law, Sexuality, and Postcoloniality in Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas
.”
Feminist Review
48
(
1994
):
5
23
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Pedagogies of Crossing: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual Politics, Memory, and the Sacred
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Redrafting Morality: The Postcolonial State and the Sexual Offences Bill of Trinidad and Tobago
.” In
Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism
, edited by
Mohanty
Chandra Talpade
,
Russo
Ann
, and
Torres
Lourdes
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1991
.
Amar
Paul E.
, ed.
New Racial Missions of Policing: International Perspectives on Evolving Law Enforcement Practices
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Anandhi
,
S.
Feminist Contributions from the Margins: Shifting Conceptions of Work and Performance of the Bar Dancers of Mumbai
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
45
.
44–45
(
2010
).
Appadurai
,
Arjun
. “
Number in the Colonial Imagination
.” In
Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament
, edited by
Breckenridge
Carol A.
and
Veer
Peter van der
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1993
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
Origins of Totalitarianism
.
San Diego
:
Harcourt
,
1968
.
Aretxaga
,
Begoña
. “
The Sexual Games of the Body Politic: Fantasy and State Violence in Northern Ireland
.”
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
25
.
1
(
2001
):
1
27
.
Aretxaga
,
Begoña
.
States of Terror: Begoña Aretxaga’s Essays
. Edited by
Zulaika
Joseba
.
Reno, NV
:
Center for Basque Studies
,
2005
.
Arnold
,
David
. “
Bureaucratic Recruitment and Subordination in Colonial India: The Madras Constabulary 1859–1947
.” In
Subaltern Studies IV: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, edited by
Guha
Ranajit
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Arondekar
,
Anjali
.
For the Record: On Sexuality and the Colonial Archive in India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2009
.
Axel
,
Brian Keith
.
The Nation’s Tortured Body: Violence, Representation, and the Formation of the Sikh “Diaspora.”
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Bacchetta
,
Paola
. “
When the (Hindu) Nation Exiles Its Queers
.”
Social Text
17
.
4
(
1999
):
141
66
.
Bakshi
,
P. M.
The Constitution of India
. 6th ed.
Delhi
:
Universal Law Publishing
,
2005
.
Balibar
,
Etienne
. “
Is There a Neo-Racism?
” In
Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities
, edited by
Balibar
Etienne
and
Wallerstein
Immanuel Maurice
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2011
.
Banerjee-Guha
Swapna
. “
Neoliberalising the ‘Urban’: New Geographies of Power and Injustice in Indian Cities
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
44
.
22
(
2009
):
95
107
.
Basu
,
Srimati
. “
Sexual Property: Staging Rape and Marriage in Indian Law and Feminist Theory
.”
Feminist Studies
37
.
1
(
2011
):
185
211
.
Basu
,
Srimati
.
She Comes to Take Her Rights: Indian Women, Property, and Propriety
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1999
.
Baxi
,
Pratiksha
.
“Suresh Koushal v. Naz Foundation: Pratiksha Baxi.” Kafila
.
December
16
,
2013
. .
Baxi
,
Upendra
. “
Taking Suffering Seriously: Social Action Litigation in the Supreme Court of India
.”
Third World Legal Studies
4
(
1985
):
107
32
.
Bell
,
Jeannine
. “
The Police and Policing
.” In
the Blackwell Companion to Law and Society
, edited by
Sarat
Austin
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Belur
,
Jyoti
. “
Why Do the Police Use Deadly Force? Explaining Police Encounters in Mumbai
.”
British Journal of Criminology
50
(
2010
):
320
41
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, ed. “
Intimacy
.”
Special issue of Critical Inquiry
24
.
2
(
1998
):
281
88
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
The Queen of America Goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Bernstein
,
Mary
. “
Paths to Homophobia
.”
Sexuality and Research Policy
1
.
2
(
2004
):
41
55
.
Bernstein
,
Mary
, and
Kostelac
Constance
. “
Lavender and Blue: Attitudes about Homosexuality and Behavior toward Lesbians and Gay Men among Police Officers
.”
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
18
.
3
(
2002
):
302
28
.
Bharucha
,
Rustom
. “
Muslims and Others: Anecdotes, Fragments, and Uncertainties of Evidence
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
38
.
40
(
2003
):
4238
50
.
Bhaskaran
,
Suparna
.
Made in India: Decolonizations, Queer Sexualities, Transnational Projects
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2004
.
Bhaskaran
,
Suparna
. “
The Politics of Penetration: Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code
.” In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England
.
Avalon Project
. .
Bose
,
Ashish
. “
Beyond Hindu-Muslim Growth Rates: Understanding Socio-Economic Reality
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
5
(
2005
):
370
74
.
Bose
,
Brinda
.
Introduction to Translating Desire: The Politics of Gender and Culture in India
, edited by
Bose
Brinda
.
New Delhi
:
Katha
,
2002
.
Brass
,
Paul
.
The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
,
2003
.
Bray
,
Alan
.
Homosexuality in Renaissance England
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Brown
,
Michael P.
, and
Boyle
Paul
. “
National Closets: Governmentality, Sexuality, and the Census
.” In
Closet Space: Geographies of Metaphor from the Body to the Globe
, edited by
Brown
Michael P.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brown
,
Wendy
, and
Halley
,
Janet
Introduction
.” In
Left Legalism/Left Critique
, edited by
Brown
Wendy
and
Halley
Janet
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Bumiller
,
Kristin
.
In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement against Sexual Violence
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Bunsha
,
Dionne
. “
Morality Check in Mumbai
.”
Frontline
. .
Butalia
,
Urvashi
.
The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Canaday
,
Margot
.
The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2009
.
Charusheela
,
S.
Gender and the Stability of Consumption: A Feminist Contribution to Post-Keynesian Economics
.”
Cambridge Journal of Economics
,
34
.
6
(
2008
):
1145
56
.
Chatterjee
,
Indrani
. “
Alienation, Intimacy, and Gender: Problems for a History of Love in South Asia
.” In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Chatterjee
,
Indrani
.
Gender, Slavery, and Law in Colonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
. “
Introduction: A Political History of Independent India
.” In
State and Politics in India
, edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
. New Delhi:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
, and
Pandey
Gyanendra
, eds.
Subaltern Studies. Vol. 7: Writings on South Asian History and Society
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Chatterji
,
Angana
.
Violent Gods: Hindu Nationalism in India’s Present; Narratives from Orissa
.
Gurgaon, Haryana
:
Three Essays Collective
,
2009
.
Chauncey
,
George
.
Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1994
.
Citizen’s Campaign for Preserving Democracy
. “
Democracy, Citizens, and Migrants: Nationalism in the Era of Globalization
.”
A Report
.
Delhi
:
Hazard’s Centre
,
2005
.
Citizen’s Initiative
. “
How Has the Gujarat Massacre Affected Minority Women? The Survivors Speak
.”
Coalition against Communalism
,
April
16
,
2002
. .
Cohen
,
Ed
.
Talk on the Wilde Side: Toward a Genealogy of a Discourse on Male Sexualities
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
The Kothi Wars: aids Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Classification
.” In
Sex in Development: Science, Sexuality, and Morality in Global Perspective
, edited by
Adams
Vicanne
and
Pigg
Stacy Leigh
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
Song for Pushkin
.” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
What Mrs. Besahara Saw: Reflections on the Gay Goonda
” In
Queering Inida: Same-sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Cohn
,
Bernard S.
Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1996
.
Collins
,
Dana
, and
Talcott
Molly
. “
A New Language that Speaks of Change Just as It Steps Toward It: Transnationalism, Erotic Justice and Queer Human Rights Praxis
.”
Sociology Compass
5
.
7
(
2011
):
576
90
.
Constituent Assembly of India, Volume II,
Parliament of India
,
November
4
,
1948
,
accessed January 6, 2012, http://indiankanoon.org/doc/843976/
.
Cooper
,
Davina
. “
An Engaged State: Sexuality, Governance, and the Potential for Change
.”
Journal of Law and Society
20
.
3
(
1993
):
257
75
.
Corrigan
,
Philip
, and
Sayer
Derek
.
The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution
.
Oxford
:
Basil Blackwell
,
1985
.
Das
,
Veena
.
Life and Words: Violence and the Descent into the Ordinary
.
Los Angeles
:
University of California Press
,
2007
.
Dave
,
Naisargi N.
Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
. “
The Force of Law: The ‘Mystical Foundation of Authority’
.” In
Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice
, edited by
Cornell
Drucilla
,
Rosenfeld
Michael
, and
Carlson
David G.
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Desai
,
Mihir
. “
Red Herring in Police Reforms
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
44
.
10
(
2009
):
8
11
.
Dhillon
,
K. S.
Police and Politics in India
.
New Delhi
:
Manohar
,
2005
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
. “
Queering the State
,”
Social Text
39
(
1994
):
1
14
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2003
.
Dutta
,
Aniruddha
. “
Retroactive Consolidation of ‘Homophobia.’
” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Epstein
,
Steven
.
Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2007
.
Essig
,
Laurie
.
Queer in Russia: A Story of Sex, Self, and the Other
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
Black Skin, White Masks
. Translated by
Philcox
Richard
.
New York
:
Grove Press
,
2008
.
Ferguson
,
James
, and
Gupta
Akhil
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.”
American Ethnologist
29
.
4
(
2002
):
981
1002
.
Fernandes
,
Leela
, and
Heller
Patrick
. “
Hegemonic Aspirations: New Middle Class Politics and India’s Democracy in Comparative Perspective
.”
Critical Asian Studies
38
.
4
(
2006
):
495
522
.
Fernandez
,
Bina
, and
Gomathy
N. B.
.
The Nature of Violence Faced by Lesbian Women in India
.
Mumbai
:
Research Centre on Violence against Women, Tata Institute of Social Sciences
,
2003
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at Collège de France 1978–1979
. Edited by
Senellart
Michel
. Translated by
Burchell
Graham
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2008
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
Governmentality
.” In
The Foucault Effect
, edited by
Burchell
Graham
,
Gordon
Colin
, and
Miller
Peter
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
History of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction
. Translated by
Hurley
Robert
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1978
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
“Omnes et Singulatim: Toward a Critique of Political Reason.”
In
The Essential Foucault
, edited by
Rabinow
Paul
and
Rose
Nikolas
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2003
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Society Must Be Defended
. Translated by
Macey
David
.
New York
:
Picador
,
1997
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
The Subject and Power
.” In
The Essential Foucault
, edited by
Rabinow
Paul
and
Rose
Nikolas
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2003
.
Franke
,
Katherine M.
The Domesticated Liberty of Lawrence v. Texas
.”
Columbia Law Review
104
.
5
(
2004
):
1399
.
Fuller
,
C. J.
, and
Bénéï
Véronique
, eds.
The Everyday State and Society in Modern India
.
Delhi
:
Social Science Press
,
2000
.
Fuller
,
C. J.
, and
Harriss
John
. “
For an Anthropology of the Modern Indian State
.” In
The Everyday State and Society in Modern India
, edited by
Fuller
C. J.
and
Bénéï
Véronique
.
New Delhi
:
Social Science Press
,
2000
.
Galanter
,
Marc
. “
The Uses of Law in Indian Studies
.” In
Languages and Areas Studies, Presented to George V. Bobrinskoy.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1967
.
Ghassem-Pachandi
Parvis
. “
Ahimsa, Identification, and Sacrifice in the Gujarat Pogrom
.”
Social Anthropology
18
.
2
(
2010
):
1
21
.
Ghassem-Pachandi
Parvis
. “
The Hyperbolic Vegetarian: Notes on a Fragile Subject in Gujarat
.” In
Being There: The Fieldwork Encounter and the Making of Truth
, edited by
Borneman
John
and
Hammoudi
Abdellah
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2009
.
Ghosh
,
Amitav
, and
Chakrabarty
Dipesh
. “
A Conversation on Provincializing Europe
.”
Radical History Review
83
(
2002
):
146
73
.
Ghosh
,
Dwaipayan
. “
Only 7% Women in Delhi Police and Few Officers
.”
Times of India
.
March
9
,
2010
. .
Gill
,
Mehar Singh
. “
Politics of Population Census Data in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
42
.
3
(
2007
):
241
49
.
Gilroy
,
Paul
.
Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Giroux
,
Henry A.
Stormy Weather: Katrina and the Politics of Disposability
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
,
2006
.
Glancy
,
Dorothy
. “
The Invention of the Right to Privacy
.”
Arizona Law Review
21
.
1
(
1979
):
1
39
.
Goldberg
,
David Theo
.
Anatomy of Racism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1990
.
Goldberg
,
David Theo
.
The Racial State
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2002
.
Goldsmith
,
Netta Murray
.
The Worst of Crimes: Homosexuality and the Law in Eighteenth-Century London
.
London
:
Ashgate
,
1998
.
Goodman
,
Ryan
. “
Beyond the Enforcement Principle: Sodomy Law, Social Norms, and Social Panoptics
.”
California Law Review
89
.
3
(
2001
):
643
740
.
Gopal
,
Meena
. “
Caste, Sexuality and Labour: The Troubled Connection
.”
Current Sociology
60
.
2
(
2012
):
222
38
.
Government of India, Prime Minister’s High Level Committee, Cabinet Secretariat
. “
Social Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community of India
.”
November
2006
. .
Grewal
,
Inderpal
. “
Outsourcing Patriarchy: Feminist Encounters, Transnational Mediations, and the Crime of “Honour Killings
International Feminist Journal of Politics
15
.
1
(
2013
):
1
19
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
.
Transnational America: Feminism, Diasporas, Neoliberalisms
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
. “
‘Women’s Rights as Human Rights’: Feminist Practices, Global Feminism, and Human Rights Regimes in Transnationality
.”
Citizenship Studies
3
.
3
(
1999
):
337
54
.
Grosz
,
Elizabeth
. “
Bodies-Cities
.” In
Sexuality and Space
, edited by
Colomina
Beatriz
.
Princeton
:
Princeton Architectural Press
,
1992
.
Guha
,
Ranajit
. “
Chandra’s Death”
. In
Subaltern Studies V: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, edited by
Guha
Ranajit
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
. “
Blurred Boundaries: The Discourses of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State
.”
American Ethnologist
22
.
2
(
1995
):
375
402
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
.
Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
. “
Introduction: The State in India after Liberalization
.” In
The State in India after Liberalization: Interdisciplinary Perspectives
, edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
The Presumption of Sodomy
.” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
Section 377 and the Dignity of Indian Homosexuals
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
41
.
46
(
2006
):
4815
23
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
Trends in the Application of Section 377
.” In
Humjinsi: A Resource Book on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights in India
, complied and edited by
Fernandez
Bina
.
Mumbai
:
India Centre for Human Rights and Law
,
2002
.
Gupta
,
Charu
. “
Censuses, Communalism, Gender, and Identity
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
39
.
39
(
2004
):
4302
4
.
Hacking
,
Ian
. “
Biopower and the Avalanche of Printed Numbers
.”
Humanities in Society
5
(
1982
):
279
95
.
Hacking
,
Ian
. “
How Should We Do the History of Statistics?
” In
The Foucault Effect
, edited by
Burchell
Graham
,
Gordon
Colin
, and
Miller
Peter
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Haldar
,
Piyel
.
Law, Orientalism and Postcolonialism: The Jurisdiction of the Louts-Eaters
.
New York
:
Routledge-Cavendish
,
2007
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
. “
Governance and State Mythologies in Mumbai
.” In
States of Imagination: Ethnographic Explorations of the Postcolonial State
, edited by
Hansen
Thomas Blom
and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
, and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Introduction to States of Imagination: Ethnographic Explorations of the Postcolonial State
, edited by
Hansen
Thomas Blom
and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
, and
Stepputat
Finn
, eds.
Sovereign Bodies: Citizens, Migrants, and States in the Postcolonial World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2005
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Empire
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire
.
New York
:
Penguin Press
,
2004
.
Hasan
,
Zoya
. “
Social Inequalities, Secularism and Minorities in India’s Democracy
.” In
Will Secular India Survive?
edited by
Hassan
Mushirul
.
New Delhi
:
Imprint One
,
2004
.
Hennessy
,
Rosemary
. “
Queer Theory, Left Politics
.”
Rethinking Marxism
7
.
3
(
1994
):
85
111
.
Hennessy
,
Rosemary
. “
Queer Visibility in Commodity Culture
.”
Cultural Critique
29
(Winter
1994–95
):
31
76
.
Holstein
,
James A.
, and
Miller
Gale
.
Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Aldine Transaction
,
2006
.
Human Rights Watch
. “
Broken System: Dysfunction, Abuse, and Impunity in the Indian Police
.”
August
4
,
2009
. .
Hunter
,
Nan D.
Sexual Orientation and the Paradox of Heightened Scrutiny
.”
Michigan Law Review
102
.
7
(
2004
):
1528
54
.
Indian Law Commissioners
.
A Penal Code
.
Union, NJ
:
Lawbook Exchange
,
2002
. .
Jain
,
M. P.
Outlines of Indian Legal History
.
Bombay
:
N. M. Tripathi
,
1966
.
Jaising
,
Indira
. “
Bringing Rights Home: Review of the Campaign for a Law on Domestic Violence
.”
Review of Women’s Studies
44
.
44
(
2009
):
50
57
.
Jeffrey
,
Roger
, and
Jeffrey
Patricia
.
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
5
(
2005
):
447
53
.
Jessop
,
Bob
.
State Power
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
2008
.
John
Mary
, and
Nair
Janaki
, eds.
N. M. TripathiA Question of Silence? The Sexual Economies of Modern India
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1998
.
Joseph
,
G. M.
, and
Nugent
,
D.
, eds.
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
. “
Family Affairs: The Discourse of Global/Localization
.” In
Queer Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism
, edited by
Cruz-Malavé
Arnaldo
and
Manalansan
Martin F.
IV
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2002
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
. “
The Performance of Production and Consumption
.”
Social Text
16
.
1
(
1998
):
26
61
.
Joseph
,
Sarah
. “
Neoliberal Reforms and Democracy in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
42
.
31
(
2007
):
3213
18
.
Kalpagam
,
U.
The Colonial State and Statistical Knowledge
.”
History of the Human Sciences
13
.
2
(
2000
):
37
55
.
Kapur
,
Rajiv A.
Sikh Separatism: The Politics of Faith
.
London
:
Allen & Unwin
,
1986
Kapur
,
Ratna
.
Erotic Justice: Law and the New Politics of Postcolonialism
.
Portland, OR
:
Glasshouse Press
,
2005
.
Kapur
,
Ratna
, and
Cossman
Brenda
. “
On Women, Equality and the Constitution
.” In
Gender and Politics in India
, edited by
Menon
Nivedita
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2011
.
Kaviraj
,
Sudipta
.
Introduction to Politics in India
, edited by
Kaviraj
Sudipta
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
Kaviraj
,
Sudipta
. “
The Imaginary Institution of India
.” In
Subaltern Studies 7
.
Keating
,
Christine
. “
Framing the Postcolonial Sexual Contract: Democracy, Fraternalism, and State Authority in India
.”
Hypatia
22
.
4
(
2007
):
130
45
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Good for All Minorities
.” In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Reading Swaraj into Article 15—A New Deal for All Minorities
.”
NUJS Law Review
419
(
2009
):
419
32
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Koushal v. Naz: The Legislative Court
.”
U.K. Constitutional Law Association
. .
Khalidi
,
Omar
.
Khaki and Ethnic Violence in India
.
New Delhi
:
Three Essays Collective
,
2003
.
Khan
,
Owais
. “
A Rose by Any Other Name
.”
Trikone
15
.
3
(
2000
):
15
Khan
,
Shivananda
. “
Kothis, Gays, and (Other) MSM
.”
Naz Foundation International
,
2000
.
Online
.
Khanna
,
Shamona
. “
Gay Rights
.” In
Humjinsi: A Resource Book on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights in India
, compiled and edited by
Fernandez
Bina
.
Mumbai
:
India Centre for Human Rights and Law
,
2002
.
Kolsky
,
Elizabeth
. “
Codification and the Rule of Colonial Difference: Criminal Procedure in British India
.”
Law and History Review
23
.
3
(
2005
):
631
83
.
Kotiswaran
,
Prabha
. “
Labours in Vice or Virtue? Neo-liberalism, Sexual Commerce and the Case of Indian Bar Dancing
.”
Journal of Law and Society
37
.
1
(
2010
):
105
24
.
Kulick
,
Don
.
Travesti: Sex, Gender, and Culture among Brazilian Transgendered Prostitutes
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Lakkimsetti
,
Chaitanya
. “
Governing Sexualities: Biopower, Governmentality and Citizenship in Postcolonial India
.”
PhD diss
.,
University of Wisconsin
,
Madison
,
2010
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
. “
Space and the State
.” In
State/Space: A Reader
, edited by
Brenner
Neil
,
Jessop
Bob
,
Jones
Martin
, and
Macleod
Gordon
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2003
.
Less Than Gay: A Citizens’ Report on the Status of Homosexuality in India
.
New Delhi
:
AIDS Bhedbhav Virodhi Andolan
,
1991
.
Liang
,
Lawrence
, and
Narrain
,
Siddharth
Striving for Magic in the City of Words
” In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation vs. Union of India and Others
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Loomba
,
Ania
. “
Race and the Possibility of Comparative Critique
.”
New Literary History
40
(
2009
):
501
22
.
Lowman
,
John
. “
Violence and the Outlaw Status of (Street) Prostitution in Canada
.”
Violence against Women
6
.
9
(
2000
):
987
1011
.
Lubhéid
,
Eithne
.
Entry Denied: Controlling Sexuality at the Border
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2002
.
Lubhéid
,
Eithne
.“
Queer/Migration: An Unruly Body of Scholarship
.”
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies
14
.
2–3
(
2008
):
169
90
.
Macaulay
,
T. B.
Introductory Report upon the Indian Penal Code
.”
Internet Archive
..
Macedo
,
Donaldo
, and
Gounari
Panayota
, eds.
Globalization of Racism
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
,
2006
.
Makhija
,
Sonal
.“
Bar Dancers, Morality and the Indian Law
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
45
.
39
(
2010
):
19
23
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.“
‘A Different Kind of Flesh’: Public Obscenity, Globalization, and the Mumbai Dance Bar Ban
.”
Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago
,
2014
. .
Mbembe
,
Achille
.“
Necropolitics
.”Translated by
Meintjes
Libby
.
Public Culture
15
.
1
(
2003
):
11
40
.
Mehta
,
Pratap Bhanu
.“
It’s about All of Us
.”In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Mehta
,
Suketu
.
Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found
.
New York
:
Random House
,
2004
.
Mendras
,
Marie
.
Russian Politics: The Paradox of a Weak State
.
New York
,
Columbia University Press
,
2012
.
Menon
,
Nivedita
.
Recovering Subversion: Feminist Politics beyond the Law
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2004
.
Menon
,
Nivedita
.“
Rights, Bodies and the Law
.”In
Gender and Politics in India
,edited by
Menon
Nivedita
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2011
.
Menon
,
Ritu
, and
Bhasin
Kamala
.
Borders and Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1998
.
Merry
,
Sally Engle
.
Colonizing Hawai’i: The Cultural Power of Law
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2000
.
Miller
,
Gale
, and
Holstein
James A.
. “
Reconsidering Social Constructionism
.”In
Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory
, edited by
Holstein
James A.
and
Miller
Gale
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Aldine Transaction
,
2006
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.“
Limits of the State
.”
American Political Science Review
85
.
1
(
1991
):
77
96
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.“
Society, Economy and State Effect
.”In
State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn
,edited by
Steinmetz
George
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Moore
,
Donald S.
,
Pandian
Anand
, and
Kosek
Jake
.
Race, Nature, and the Politics of Difference
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Mosse
,
George
.
Nationalism and Sexuality: Respectability and Abnormal Sexuality in Modern Europe
.
New York
:
Howard Fertig
,
1997
.
Nair
,
Janaki
.
Women and Law in Colonial India: A Social History
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1996
.
Nandy
,
Ashis
.
The Romance of the State and the Fate of Dissent in the Tropics
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2003
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.
Queer: Despised Sexuality, Law, and Social Change
.
Bangalore
:
Books for Change
,
2004
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.“
Queering Democracy
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.“
Persecuting Difference
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
, and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
, and
Gupta
Alok
.“
Introduction
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
National Crime Records Bureau
,
Crime in India: 2011 Statistics
.
National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs
.
http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/Home.asp. Accessed October 24, 2012.
Navaro-Yashin
,
Yael
.
Faces of the State: Secularism and Public Life in Turkey
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2002
.
NCRB
.“
Crime against Women
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
..
NCRB
.“
Empowering Indian Police with IT—Origin
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
Accessed July 23, 2007. http://ncrb.nic.in/origin.htm
.
NCRB
.“
Empowering Indian Police with IT—Quality Policy
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
Accessed July 23, 2007. http://ncrb.nic.in/objectives.htm
.
Nigam
,
Sanjay
.“
Disciplining and Policing the ‘Criminals by Birth,’ Part 2: The Development of a Disciplinary System, 1871–1900
.”
Indian Economic and Social History Review
21
.
3
(
1990
):
257
87
.
Oldenburg
,
Philip
.“
Face to Face with the Indian State: A Grass Roots View
.”In
Experiencing the State
,edited by
Rudolph
Lloyd I.
and
Jacobsen
John Kurt
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.“
Making the Biopolitical Subject: Cambodian Immigrants, Refugees Medicine, and Cultural Citizenship in California
.”
Social Science Medicine
40
.
9
(
1995
):
1243
57
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.
The Construction of Communalism in Colonial North India
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
Hindus and Others: The Militant Hindu Construction
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
26
.
52
(
1991
):
2997
3009
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
In Defense of the Fragment: Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
26
.
11–12
(
1991
):
559
72
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
The Secular State and the Limits of Dialogue
.”In
The Crisis of Secularism in India
,edited by
Needham
Anuradha Dingwaney
and
Rajan
Rajeswari Sunder
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Pandit
,
Maya
.“
Gendered Subaltern Sexuality and the State
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
48
.
32
(
2013
):
33
38
.
Parker
,
Kunal M.
Observations on the Historical Destruction of Separate Legal Regimes
.”In
Religion and Personal Law in Secular India: A Call to Judgment
,edited by
Larson
Gerald James
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2001
.
Patel
,
Geeta
.“
Advertisements, Proprietary Heterosexuality, and Hundis: Post-colonial Finance, Nation-State Formations, and the New Idealized Family
.”
Rethinking Marxism
24
.
4
(
2012
):
516
35
.
Patel
,
Geeta
.“
On Fire: Sexuality and Its Incitements
.”In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
,edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Pathak
,
Neeraj
.“
The Beat(en)
.”
Sahara Time
,
October
11
(
2008
):
18
21
.
People’s Union for Civil Liberties
.“
Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community: A PUCL Report
.”
September
2003
..
Pease
,
Donald E.
The Global Homeland State: Bush’s Biopolitical Settlement
.”
boundary
230
.
3
(
2003
):
1
18
.
Peterson
,
V. Spike
.“
Political Identities/Nationalism as Heterosexism
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
1
.
1
(
1999
):
34
65
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Disturbing Sexuality
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
106
.
3
(
2007
):
566
76
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
The Empire of Love: Toward a Theory of Intimacy, Genealogy, and Carnality
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Notes on Gridlock: Genealogy, Intimacy, Sexuality
.”
Public Culture
14
.
1
(
2002
):
215
38
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Sex Acts and Sovereignty: Race and Sexuality in the Construction of the Australian Nation
.”In
The Gender/Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy
,edited by
Lancaster
Roger N.
and
Leonardo
Michaela di
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
Mumbai Fables: A History of an Enchanted City
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2010
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
.
Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.
Encountering Nationalism
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
Forging Hetero-Collectives: Obscenity Law in India
.”In
Obscenity and the Limits of Liberalism
,edited by
Glass
L.
and
Williams
C.
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
2011
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
Sexualizing the State: Sodomy, Civil Liberties, and the Indian Penal Code
.”In
Contesting the Nation: Gendered Violence in South Asia. Notes on the Post-colonial Present
,edited by
Chatterji
Angana P.
and
Chaudhry
Lubna Nazir
.
New Delhi
:
Zubaan
,
2012
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
States’ Sexualities: Theorizing Sexuality, Gender and Governance
.”In
The Sage Handbook of Feminist Theory
,edited by
Evans
Mary
et al
.
Los Angeles
:
Sage
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.
Woman, Body, Desire in Post-Colonial India: Narratives of Gender and Sexuality
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Radhakrishna
,
Meena
.
Dishonored by History: Criminal Tribes and British Colonial Policy
.
New Delhi
:
Orient Longman
,
2001
.
Rajan
,
Rajeswari Sunder
.
The Scandal of the State: Women, Law, and Citizenship in Post-colonial India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Ramachandran
,
Sujata
.“
‘Operation Pushback’: Sangh Parivar, State, Slums, and Surreptitious Bangladeshis in New Delhi
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
38
.
7
(
2003
):
637
47
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Dis-Agreement: Politics and Philosophy
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Rhodes
,
Tim
,
Simic
Milena
,
Baros
Stadjana
,
Platt
Lucy
, and
Zikic
Bojan
.“
Police Violence and Sexual Risk among Female and Transvestite Sex Workers in Serbia: Qualitative Study
.”
British Medical Journal
337
(
2008
).
Online
.
Richardson
,
Diane
.“
Constructing Sexual Citizenship: Theorizing Sexual Rights
.”
Critical Social Policy
20
.
1
(
2000
):
105
35
.
Richardson
,
Diane
.“
Desiring Sameness? The Rise of a Neoliberal Politics of Normalisation
.”
Antipode
37
.
3
(
2005
):
515
35
.
Robinson
,
Neil
.
Russia: A State of Uncertainty
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Rose
,
Jacqueline
.
States of Fantasy
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1996
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.“
Governing by Numbers: Figuring Out Democracy
.”
Accounting, Organizations and Society
16
.
7
(
1991
):
673
92
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
The Politics of Life Itself: Biomedicine, Power, and Subjectivity in the Twenty-first Century
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2006
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1999
.
Rudolph
,
Lloyd I.
, and
Jacobson
John Kurt
, eds.
Experiencing the State
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
SAHRDC
.“
Armed Forces Special Powers Act: A Study in National Security Tyranny
.”
South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre
..
Sanders
,
Teela
.“
The Risks of Street Prostitution: Punters, Police, and Protestors
.”
Urban Studies
41
.
9
(
2004
):
1703
17
.
Sarkar
,
Tanika
.“
Ethnic Cleansing in Gujarat: An Analysis of a Few Aspects
.”
Akhbar
,
July
2002
..
Sarkar
,
Tanika
.“
Semiotics of Terror: Muslim Children and Women in Hindu Rashtra
.”
Mukto-mona
,
July
13
,
2002
..
Scott
,
James C.
Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1998
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Sen
,
Satadru
.
Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Seshu
,
Geeta
.“
Bar Girls Seek Rights
.”
Boloji
,
September
6
,
2004
..
Setalvad
,
Teesta
.“
When Guardians Betray: The Role of Police in Gujarat
.”In
Gujarat: The Making of a Tragedy
,edited by
Varadarajan
Siddharth
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books India
,
2002
.
Seth
,
Vikram
.“
To the Government of India, Members of the Judiciary, and all citizens
.”
Online
. .
Shah
,
Nayan
.
Contagious Divides: Epidemics and Race in San Francisco’s Chinatown
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2001
.
Shah
,
Nayan
.“
Policing Privacy, Migrants, and the Limits of Freedom
.”
Social Text
23
.
3–4
(
2005
):
275
.
Shah
,
Nayan
.
Stranger Intimacy: Contesting Race, Sexuality, and the Law in the North American West
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2011
.
Shahani
,
Parmesh
.
Gay Bombay: Globalization, Love and (Be)longing in Contemporary India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
2008
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
.“
Crossbreeding Institutions, Breeding Struggle: Women’s Employment, Neoliberal Governmentality, and State (Re)Formation in India
.”
Cultural Anthropology
21
.
1
(
2006
):
60
95
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
.
Logics of Empowerment: Development, Gender, Governance in Neoliberal India
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2008
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
, and
Gupta
Akhil
.“
Introduction: Rethinking Theories of the State in an Age of Globalization
.”In
The Anthropology of the State: A Reader
,edited by
Sharma
Aradhana
and
Gupta
Akhil
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell Publishing
,
2006
.
Jael
Silliman
, and
Bhatacharjee
Anaya
, eds.
Policing the National Body: Race, Gender, and Criminalization
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
2002
.
Singh
,
Navsharan
, and
Butalia
Urvashi
.“
Challenging Impunity on Sexual Violence in South Asia: Beginning a Discussion
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
47
.
28
(
2012
):
58
63
.
Singha
,
Radhika
.
A Despotism of Law: Crime and Criminal Justice in Colonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
Skuy
,
David
.“
Macaulay and the Indian Penal Code of 1862: The Myth of the Inherent Superiority and Modernity of the English Legal System Compared to India’s Legal System in the Nineteenth Century
.”
Modern Asian Studies
32
.
3
(
1998
):
513
57
.
Smith
,
Richard Saumarez
.“
Rule-by-Records and Rule-by-Reports: Complementary Aspects of the British Imperial Rule of Law
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
19
.
1
(
1985
):
153
76
.
SNDT-FAOW
.“
After the Ban: Women Working in Dance Bars
.”
Study conducted by Research Centre for Women’s Studies, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, and Forum against Oppression of Women, Mumbai
,
December
2006
.
SNDT-FAOW
.“
Backgrounds and Working Conditions of Women Working as Dancers in Dance Bars
.”
Study conducted by Research Centre for Women’s Studies, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, and Forum against Oppression of Women, Mumbai
,
2005
.
Spector
,
Malcolm
, and
Kitsuse
John I.
.
Constructing Social Problems
.
Piscataway, NJ
:
Transaction
,
2000
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri Chakravorty
.
A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1999
.
Steinmetz
,
George
, ed.
State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Stevens
,
Jacqueline
.
Reproducing the State
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.“
Affective States
.”In
A Companion to Anthropology of Politics
,edited by
Nugent
David
and
Vincent
Joan
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.
Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
, ed.
Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.
Race and the Education of Desire
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Subramanian
,
K. S.
Police and Politics in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
27
(
2005
):
2915
16
.
Subramanian
,
K. S.
Political Violence and the Police in India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
2007
.
Sundar
,
Nandini
.“
The Rule of Law and the Rule of Property: Law-Struggles and the Neo-liberal State in India
.”In
The State in India after Liberalization
,edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Sunder Rajan
,
Rajeswari
.
Scandal of the State: Women, Law, and Citizenship in Postcolonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Permanent Black
,
2003
.
Tarlo
,
Emma
.
Unsettling Memories: Narratives of the Emergency in Delhi
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Taussig
,
Michael
.
The Nervous System
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Thangarajah
,
Priyadarshini
, and
Arasu
Ponni
.“
Queer Women and the Law in India
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Uberoi
,
Patricia
.“
Introduction: Problematising Social Reform, Engaging Sexuality, Interrogating the State
.”In
Social Reform, Sexuality and the State
,edited by
Uberoi
Patricia
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
1996
.
Upadhyay
,
Videh
.
Public Interest Litigation in India: Concepts, Cases, and Concerns
.
London
:
LexisNexis
,
2007
.
Varadarajan
,
Siddarth
.
Gujarat: The Making of a Tragedy
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books India
,
2002
.
Verma
,
Arvind
.
The Indian Police: A Critical Evaluation
.
New Delhi
:
Regency
,
2011
.
Voices against 377
.“
Rights for All: Ending Discrimination against Queer Desire under Section 377
.”
Online
. .
Watts
,
Charlotte
, and
Zimmerman
Cathy
.“
Violence against Women: Global Scope and Magnitude
.”
Lancet
359
(
2002
):
1232
37
.
Weber
,
Max
.
Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology
.
Vols. 1 and 2
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1978
.
Weiner
,
Myron
.“
India’s Minorities: Who Are They? What Do They Want?
”In
State and Politics in India
,edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Weston
,
Kath
.“
A Political Ecology of ‘Unnatural Offences.’
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies
14
.
2–3
(
2008
):
217
37
.
Wilkinson
,
Steven I.
Introduction
.”In
Religious Politics and Communal Violence
,edited by
Wilkinson
Steven I.
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2005
.
Wittig
,
Monique
.
The Straight Mind and Other Essays
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1992
.
Yang
,
Anand
, ed.
Crime and Criminality in British India
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
1985
.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Advertisement

References

Bibliography

Bibliography
Abram
,
Simone
,
Murdoch
Jonathan
, and
Marsden
Terry
. “
Planning by Numbers: Migration and Statistical Governance
.” In
Migration into Rural Areas: Theories and Issues
, edited by
Boyle
Paul
and
Halfacree
Keith
.
Chichester, NY
:
Wiley
,
1998
.
Abrams
,
Philip
. “
Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State (1977)
.”
Journal of Historical Sociology
1
.
1
(
1988
):
58
89
.
Agamben
,
Giorgio
.
Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life
. Translated by
Heller-Roazen
Daniel
.
Stanford, CA
:
Stanford University Press
,
1995
.
Aggrawal
,
Shobha
.
The Public Interest Litigation Hoax: Truth before the Nation. A Citizen’s Report on How PIL Fails to Provide Justice to Those Who Need It Most
.
New Delhi
:
Shobha PIL Watch Group
,
2005
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
Hypocritical Morality: Mumbai’s Ban on Bar Dancers
.”
Manushi
149
(
2005
):
10
19
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
.
Law and Gender Inequality
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
Protecting Women against Violence?
” In
State and Politics in India
, edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
.
State Control and Sexual Morality: The Case of the Bar Dancers of Mumbai.”
In
Enculturing Law: New Agendas for Legal Pedagog
, edited by
John
Matthew
and
Kakarala
Sitharamam
.
New Delhi
:
Tulika Books
,
2007
.
Agnes
,
Flavia
. “
The Right to Dance: Mumbai High Court Judgment Strikes the Right Note
.”
Manushi
154
(
2005
):
20
24
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Not Just (Any) Body Can Be a Citizen: The Politics of Law, Sexuality, and Postcoloniality in Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas
.”
Feminist Review
48
(
1994
):
5
23
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Pedagogies of Crossing: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual Politics, Memory, and the Sacred
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Alexander
,
Jacqui M.
Redrafting Morality: The Postcolonial State and the Sexual Offences Bill of Trinidad and Tobago
.” In
Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism
, edited by
Mohanty
Chandra Talpade
,
Russo
Ann
, and
Torres
Lourdes
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
1991
.
Amar
Paul E.
, ed.
New Racial Missions of Policing: International Perspectives on Evolving Law Enforcement Practices
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Anandhi
,
S.
Feminist Contributions from the Margins: Shifting Conceptions of Work and Performance of the Bar Dancers of Mumbai
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
45
.
44–45
(
2010
).
Appadurai
,
Arjun
. “
Number in the Colonial Imagination
.” In
Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament
, edited by
Breckenridge
Carol A.
and
Veer
Peter van der
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
,
1993
.
Arendt
,
Hannah
.
Origins of Totalitarianism
.
San Diego
:
Harcourt
,
1968
.
Aretxaga
,
Begoña
. “
The Sexual Games of the Body Politic: Fantasy and State Violence in Northern Ireland
.”
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
25
.
1
(
2001
):
1
27
.
Aretxaga
,
Begoña
.
States of Terror: Begoña Aretxaga’s Essays
. Edited by
Zulaika
Joseba
.
Reno, NV
:
Center for Basque Studies
,
2005
.
Arnold
,
David
. “
Bureaucratic Recruitment and Subordination in Colonial India: The Madras Constabulary 1859–1947
.” In
Subaltern Studies IV: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, edited by
Guha
Ranajit
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Arondekar
,
Anjali
.
For the Record: On Sexuality and the Colonial Archive in India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2009
.
Axel
,
Brian Keith
.
The Nation’s Tortured Body: Violence, Representation, and the Formation of the Sikh “Diaspora.”
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Bacchetta
,
Paola
. “
When the (Hindu) Nation Exiles Its Queers
.”
Social Text
17
.
4
(
1999
):
141
66
.
Bakshi
,
P. M.
The Constitution of India
. 6th ed.
Delhi
:
Universal Law Publishing
,
2005
.
Balibar
,
Etienne
. “
Is There a Neo-Racism?
” In
Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities
, edited by
Balibar
Etienne
and
Wallerstein
Immanuel Maurice
.
New York
:
Verso
,
2011
.
Banerjee-Guha
Swapna
. “
Neoliberalising the ‘Urban’: New Geographies of Power and Injustice in Indian Cities
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
44
.
22
(
2009
):
95
107
.
Basu
,
Srimati
. “
Sexual Property: Staging Rape and Marriage in Indian Law and Feminist Theory
.”
Feminist Studies
37
.
1
(
2011
):
185
211
.
Basu
,
Srimati
.
She Comes to Take Her Rights: Indian Women, Property, and Propriety
.
Albany
:
State University of New York Press
,
1999
.
Baxi
,
Pratiksha
.
“Suresh Koushal v. Naz Foundation: Pratiksha Baxi.” Kafila
.
December
16
,
2013
. .
Baxi
,
Upendra
. “
Taking Suffering Seriously: Social Action Litigation in the Supreme Court of India
.”
Third World Legal Studies
4
(
1985
):
107
32
.
Bell
,
Jeannine
. “
The Police and Policing
.” In
the Blackwell Companion to Law and Society
, edited by
Sarat
Austin
.
Oxford
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Belur
,
Jyoti
. “
Why Do the Police Use Deadly Force? Explaining Police Encounters in Mumbai
.”
British Journal of Criminology
50
(
2010
):
320
41
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
, ed. “
Intimacy
.”
Special issue of Critical Inquiry
24
.
2
(
1998
):
281
88
.
Berlant
,
Lauren
.
The Queen of America Goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1997
.
Bernstein
,
Mary
. “
Paths to Homophobia
.”
Sexuality and Research Policy
1
.
2
(
2004
):
41
55
.
Bernstein
,
Mary
, and
Kostelac
Constance
. “
Lavender and Blue: Attitudes about Homosexuality and Behavior toward Lesbians and Gay Men among Police Officers
.”
Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
18
.
3
(
2002
):
302
28
.
Bharucha
,
Rustom
. “
Muslims and Others: Anecdotes, Fragments, and Uncertainties of Evidence
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
38
.
40
(
2003
):
4238
50
.
Bhaskaran
,
Suparna
.
Made in India: Decolonizations, Queer Sexualities, Transnational Projects
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2004
.
Bhaskaran
,
Suparna
. “
The Politics of Penetration: Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code
.” In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England
.
Avalon Project
. .
Bose
,
Ashish
. “
Beyond Hindu-Muslim Growth Rates: Understanding Socio-Economic Reality
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
5
(
2005
):
370
74
.
Bose
,
Brinda
.
Introduction to Translating Desire: The Politics of Gender and Culture in India
, edited by
Bose
Brinda
.
New Delhi
:
Katha
,
2002
.
Brass
,
Paul
.
The Production of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington Press
,
2003
.
Bray
,
Alan
.
Homosexuality in Renaissance England
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1996
.
Brown
,
Michael P.
, and
Boyle
Paul
. “
National Closets: Governmentality, Sexuality, and the Census
.” In
Closet Space: Geographies of Metaphor from the Body to the Globe
, edited by
Brown
Michael P.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2000
.
Brown
,
Wendy
.
States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1995
.
Brown
,
Wendy
, and
Halley
,
Janet
Introduction
.” In
Left Legalism/Left Critique
, edited by
Brown
Wendy
and
Halley
Janet
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2002
.
Bumiller
,
Kristin
.
In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement against Sexual Violence
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2008
.
Bunsha
,
Dionne
. “
Morality Check in Mumbai
.”
Frontline
. .
Butalia
,
Urvashi
.
The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2000
.
Canaday
,
Margot
.
The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2009
.
Charusheela
,
S.
Gender and the Stability of Consumption: A Feminist Contribution to Post-Keynesian Economics
.”
Cambridge Journal of Economics
,
34
.
6
(
2008
):
1145
56
.
Chatterjee
,
Indrani
. “
Alienation, Intimacy, and Gender: Problems for a History of Love in South Asia
.” In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Chatterjee
,
Indrani
.
Gender, Slavery, and Law in Colonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1999
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
. “
Introduction: A Political History of Independent India
.” In
State and Politics in India
, edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
. New Delhi:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Chatterjee
,
Partha
, and
Pandey
Gyanendra
, eds.
Subaltern Studies. Vol. 7: Writings on South Asian History and Society
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1993
.
Chatterji
,
Angana
.
Violent Gods: Hindu Nationalism in India’s Present; Narratives from Orissa
.
Gurgaon, Haryana
:
Three Essays Collective
,
2009
.
Chauncey
,
George
.
Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890–1940
.
New York
:
Basic Books
,
1994
.
Citizen’s Campaign for Preserving Democracy
. “
Democracy, Citizens, and Migrants: Nationalism in the Era of Globalization
.”
A Report
.
Delhi
:
Hazard’s Centre
,
2005
.
Citizen’s Initiative
. “
How Has the Gujarat Massacre Affected Minority Women? The Survivors Speak
.”
Coalition against Communalism
,
April
16
,
2002
. .
Cohen
,
Ed
.
Talk on the Wilde Side: Toward a Genealogy of a Discourse on Male Sexualities
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1993
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
The Kothi Wars: aids Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Classification
.” In
Sex in Development: Science, Sexuality, and Morality in Global Perspective
, edited by
Adams
Vicanne
and
Pigg
Stacy Leigh
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
Song for Pushkin
.” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Cohen
,
Lawrence
. “
What Mrs. Besahara Saw: Reflections on the Gay Goonda
” In
Queering Inida: Same-sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
, edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Cohn
,
Bernard S.
Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1996
.
Collins
,
Dana
, and
Talcott
Molly
. “
A New Language that Speaks of Change Just as It Steps Toward It: Transnationalism, Erotic Justice and Queer Human Rights Praxis
.”
Sociology Compass
5
.
7
(
2011
):
576
90
.
Constituent Assembly of India, Volume II,
Parliament of India
,
November
4
,
1948
,
accessed January 6, 2012, http://indiankanoon.org/doc/843976/
.
Cooper
,
Davina
. “
An Engaged State: Sexuality, Governance, and the Potential for Change
.”
Journal of Law and Society
20
.
3
(
1993
):
257
75
.
Corrigan
,
Philip
, and
Sayer
Derek
.
The Great Arch: English State Formation as Cultural Revolution
.
Oxford
:
Basil Blackwell
,
1985
.
Das
,
Veena
.
Life and Words: Violence and the Descent into the Ordinary
.
Los Angeles
:
University of California Press
,
2007
.
Dave
,
Naisargi N.
Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Derrida
,
Jacques
. “
The Force of Law: The ‘Mystical Foundation of Authority’
.” In
Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice
, edited by
Cornell
Drucilla
,
Rosenfeld
Michael
, and
Carlson
David G.
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Desai
,
Mihir
. “
Red Herring in Police Reforms
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
44
.
10
(
2009
):
8
11
.
Dhillon
,
K. S.
Police and Politics in India
.
New Delhi
:
Manohar
,
2005
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
. “
Queering the State
,”
Social Text
39
(
1994
):
1
14
.
Duggan
,
Lisa
.
The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
2003
.
Dutta
,
Aniruddha
. “
Retroactive Consolidation of ‘Homophobia.’
” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Epstein
,
Steven
.
Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
2007
.
Essig
,
Laurie
.
Queer in Russia: A Story of Sex, Self, and the Other
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Fanon
,
Frantz
.
Black Skin, White Masks
. Translated by
Philcox
Richard
.
New York
:
Grove Press
,
2008
.
Ferguson
,
James
, and
Gupta
Akhil
. “
Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality
.”
American Ethnologist
29
.
4
(
2002
):
981
1002
.
Fernandes
,
Leela
, and
Heller
Patrick
. “
Hegemonic Aspirations: New Middle Class Politics and India’s Democracy in Comparative Perspective
.”
Critical Asian Studies
38
.
4
(
2006
):
495
522
.
Fernandez
,
Bina
, and
Gomathy
N. B.
.
The Nature of Violence Faced by Lesbian Women in India
.
Mumbai
:
Research Centre on Violence against Women, Tata Institute of Social Sciences
,
2003
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
The Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at Collège de France 1978–1979
. Edited by
Senellart
Michel
. Translated by
Burchell
Graham
.
New York
:
Palgrave Macmillan
,
2008
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
Governmentality
.” In
The Foucault Effect
, edited by
Burchell
Graham
,
Gordon
Colin
, and
Miller
Peter
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
History of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction
. Translated by
Hurley
Robert
.
New York
:
Vintage Books
,
1978
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
“Omnes et Singulatim: Toward a Critique of Political Reason.”
In
The Essential Foucault
, edited by
Rabinow
Paul
and
Rose
Nikolas
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2003
.
Foucault
,
Michel
.
Society Must Be Defended
. Translated by
Macey
David
.
New York
:
Picador
,
1997
.
Foucault
,
Michel
. “
The Subject and Power
.” In
The Essential Foucault
, edited by
Rabinow
Paul
and
Rose
Nikolas
.
New York
:
New Press
,
2003
.
Franke
,
Katherine M.
The Domesticated Liberty of Lawrence v. Texas
.”
Columbia Law Review
104
.
5
(
2004
):
1399
.
Fuller
,
C. J.
, and
Bénéï
Véronique
, eds.
The Everyday State and Society in Modern India
.
Delhi
:
Social Science Press
,
2000
.
Fuller
,
C. J.
, and
Harriss
John
. “
For an Anthropology of the Modern Indian State
.” In
The Everyday State and Society in Modern India
, edited by
Fuller
C. J.
and
Bénéï
Véronique
.
New Delhi
:
Social Science Press
,
2000
.
Galanter
,
Marc
. “
The Uses of Law in Indian Studies
.” In
Languages and Areas Studies, Presented to George V. Bobrinskoy.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1967
.
Ghassem-Pachandi
Parvis
. “
Ahimsa, Identification, and Sacrifice in the Gujarat Pogrom
.”
Social Anthropology
18
.
2
(
2010
):
1
21
.
Ghassem-Pachandi
Parvis
. “
The Hyperbolic Vegetarian: Notes on a Fragile Subject in Gujarat
.” In
Being There: The Fieldwork Encounter and the Making of Truth
, edited by
Borneman
John
and
Hammoudi
Abdellah
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2009
.
Ghosh
,
Amitav
, and
Chakrabarty
Dipesh
. “
A Conversation on Provincializing Europe
.”
Radical History Review
83
(
2002
):
146
73
.
Ghosh
,
Dwaipayan
. “
Only 7% Women in Delhi Police and Few Officers
.”
Times of India
.
March
9
,
2010
. .
Gill
,
Mehar Singh
. “
Politics of Population Census Data in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
42
.
3
(
2007
):
241
49
.
Gilroy
,
Paul
.
Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Giroux
,
Henry A.
Stormy Weather: Katrina and the Politics of Disposability
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
,
2006
.
Glancy
,
Dorothy
. “
The Invention of the Right to Privacy
.”
Arizona Law Review
21
.
1
(
1979
):
1
39
.
Goldberg
,
David Theo
.
Anatomy of Racism
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
1990
.
Goldberg
,
David Theo
.
The Racial State
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2002
.
Goldsmith
,
Netta Murray
.
The Worst of Crimes: Homosexuality and the Law in Eighteenth-Century London
.
London
:
Ashgate
,
1998
.
Goodman
,
Ryan
. “
Beyond the Enforcement Principle: Sodomy Law, Social Norms, and Social Panoptics
.”
California Law Review
89
.
3
(
2001
):
643
740
.
Gopal
,
Meena
. “
Caste, Sexuality and Labour: The Troubled Connection
.”
Current Sociology
60
.
2
(
2012
):
222
38
.
Government of India, Prime Minister’s High Level Committee, Cabinet Secretariat
. “
Social Economic and Educational Status of the Muslim Community of India
.”
November
2006
. .
Grewal
,
Inderpal
. “
Outsourcing Patriarchy: Feminist Encounters, Transnational Mediations, and the Crime of “Honour Killings
International Feminist Journal of Politics
15
.
1
(
2013
):
1
19
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
.
Transnational America: Feminism, Diasporas, Neoliberalisms
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2005
.
Grewal
,
Inderpal
. “
‘Women’s Rights as Human Rights’: Feminist Practices, Global Feminism, and Human Rights Regimes in Transnationality
.”
Citizenship Studies
3
.
3
(
1999
):
337
54
.
Grosz
,
Elizabeth
. “
Bodies-Cities
.” In
Sexuality and Space
, edited by
Colomina
Beatriz
.
Princeton
:
Princeton Architectural Press
,
1992
.
Guha
,
Ranajit
. “
Chandra’s Death”
. In
Subaltern Studies V: Writings on South Asian History and Society
, edited by
Guha
Ranajit
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
1990
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
. “
Blurred Boundaries: The Discourses of Corruption, the Culture of Politics, and the Imagined State
.”
American Ethnologist
22
.
2
(
1995
):
375
402
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
.
Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural Violence, and Poverty in India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2012
.
Gupta
,
Akhil
, and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
. “
Introduction: The State in India after Liberalization
.” In
The State in India after Liberalization: Interdisciplinary Perspectives
, edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
The Presumption of Sodomy
.” In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
Section 377 and the Dignity of Indian Homosexuals
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
41
.
46
(
2006
):
4815
23
.
Gupta
,
Alok
. “
Trends in the Application of Section 377
.” In
Humjinsi: A Resource Book on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights in India
, complied and edited by
Fernandez
Bina
.
Mumbai
:
India Centre for Human Rights and Law
,
2002
.
Gupta
,
Charu
. “
Censuses, Communalism, Gender, and Identity
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
39
.
39
(
2004
):
4302
4
.
Hacking
,
Ian
. “
Biopower and the Avalanche of Printed Numbers
.”
Humanities in Society
5
(
1982
):
279
95
.
Hacking
,
Ian
. “
How Should We Do the History of Statistics?
” In
The Foucault Effect
, edited by
Burchell
Graham
,
Gordon
Colin
, and
Miller
Peter
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1991
.
Haldar
,
Piyel
.
Law, Orientalism and Postcolonialism: The Jurisdiction of the Louts-Eaters
.
New York
:
Routledge-Cavendish
,
2007
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
. “
Governance and State Mythologies in Mumbai
.” In
States of Imagination: Ethnographic Explorations of the Postcolonial State
, edited by
Hansen
Thomas Blom
and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
, and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Introduction to States of Imagination: Ethnographic Explorations of the Postcolonial State
, edited by
Hansen
Thomas Blom
and
Stepputat
Finn
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2001
.
Hansen
,
Thomas Blom
, and
Stepputat
Finn
, eds.
Sovereign Bodies: Citizens, Migrants, and States in the Postcolonial World
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2005
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Empire
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
2000
.
Hardt
,
Michael
, and
Negri
Antonio
.
Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire
.
New York
:
Penguin Press
,
2004
.
Hasan
,
Zoya
. “
Social Inequalities, Secularism and Minorities in India’s Democracy
.” In
Will Secular India Survive?
edited by
Hassan
Mushirul
.
New Delhi
:
Imprint One
,
2004
.
Hennessy
,
Rosemary
. “
Queer Theory, Left Politics
.”
Rethinking Marxism
7
.
3
(
1994
):
85
111
.
Hennessy
,
Rosemary
. “
Queer Visibility in Commodity Culture
.”
Cultural Critique
29
(Winter
1994–95
):
31
76
.
Holstein
,
James A.
, and
Miller
Gale
.
Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Aldine Transaction
,
2006
.
Human Rights Watch
. “
Broken System: Dysfunction, Abuse, and Impunity in the Indian Police
.”
August
4
,
2009
. .
Hunter
,
Nan D.
Sexual Orientation and the Paradox of Heightened Scrutiny
.”
Michigan Law Review
102
.
7
(
2004
):
1528
54
.
Indian Law Commissioners
.
A Penal Code
.
Union, NJ
:
Lawbook Exchange
,
2002
. .
Jain
,
M. P.
Outlines of Indian Legal History
.
Bombay
:
N. M. Tripathi
,
1966
.
Jaising
,
Indira
. “
Bringing Rights Home: Review of the Campaign for a Law on Domestic Violence
.”
Review of Women’s Studies
44
.
44
(
2009
):
50
57
.
Jeffrey
,
Roger
, and
Jeffrey
Patricia
.
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
5
(
2005
):
447
53
.
Jessop
,
Bob
.
State Power
.
Cambridge
:
Polity
,
2008
.
John
Mary
, and
Nair
Janaki
, eds.
N. M. TripathiA Question of Silence? The Sexual Economies of Modern India
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1998
.
Joseph
,
G. M.
, and
Nugent
,
D.
, eds.
Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1994
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
. “
Family Affairs: The Discourse of Global/Localization
.” In
Queer Globalizations: Citizenship and the Afterlife of Colonialism
, edited by
Cruz-Malavé
Arnaldo
and
Manalansan
Martin F.
IV
.
New York
:
New York University Press
,
2002
.
Joseph
,
Miranda
. “
The Performance of Production and Consumption
.”
Social Text
16
.
1
(
1998
):
26
61
.
Joseph
,
Sarah
. “
Neoliberal Reforms and Democracy in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
42
.
31
(
2007
):
3213
18
.
Kalpagam
,
U.
The Colonial State and Statistical Knowledge
.”
History of the Human Sciences
13
.
2
(
2000
):
37
55
.
Kapur
,
Rajiv A.
Sikh Separatism: The Politics of Faith
.
London
:
Allen & Unwin
,
1986
Kapur
,
Ratna
.
Erotic Justice: Law and the New Politics of Postcolonialism
.
Portland, OR
:
Glasshouse Press
,
2005
.
Kapur
,
Ratna
, and
Cossman
Brenda
. “
On Women, Equality and the Constitution
.” In
Gender and Politics in India
, edited by
Menon
Nivedita
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2011
.
Kaviraj
,
Sudipta
.
Introduction to Politics in India
, edited by
Kaviraj
Sudipta
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
Kaviraj
,
Sudipta
. “
The Imaginary Institution of India
.” In
Subaltern Studies 7
.
Keating
,
Christine
. “
Framing the Postcolonial Sexual Contract: Democracy, Fraternalism, and State Authority in India
.”
Hypatia
22
.
4
(
2007
):
130
45
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Good for All Minorities
.” In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Reading Swaraj into Article 15—A New Deal for All Minorities
.”
NUJS Law Review
419
(
2009
):
419
32
.
Khaitan
,
Tarunabh
. “
Koushal v. Naz: The Legislative Court
.”
U.K. Constitutional Law Association
. .
Khalidi
,
Omar
.
Khaki and Ethnic Violence in India
.
New Delhi
:
Three Essays Collective
,
2003
.
Khan
,
Owais
. “
A Rose by Any Other Name
.”
Trikone
15
.
3
(
2000
):
15
Khan
,
Shivananda
. “
Kothis, Gays, and (Other) MSM
.”
Naz Foundation International
,
2000
.
Online
.
Khanna
,
Shamona
. “
Gay Rights
.” In
Humjinsi: A Resource Book on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights in India
, compiled and edited by
Fernandez
Bina
.
Mumbai
:
India Centre for Human Rights and Law
,
2002
.
Kolsky
,
Elizabeth
. “
Codification and the Rule of Colonial Difference: Criminal Procedure in British India
.”
Law and History Review
23
.
3
(
2005
):
631
83
.
Kotiswaran
,
Prabha
. “
Labours in Vice or Virtue? Neo-liberalism, Sexual Commerce and the Case of Indian Bar Dancing
.”
Journal of Law and Society
37
.
1
(
2010
):
105
24
.
Kulick
,
Don
.
Travesti: Sex, Gender, and Culture among Brazilian Transgendered Prostitutes
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
,
1998
.
Lakkimsetti
,
Chaitanya
. “
Governing Sexualities: Biopower, Governmentality and Citizenship in Postcolonial India
.”
PhD diss
.,
University of Wisconsin
,
Madison
,
2010
.
Lefebvre
,
Henri
. “
Space and the State
.” In
State/Space: A Reader
, edited by
Brenner
Neil
,
Jessop
Bob
,
Jones
Martin
, and
Macleod
Gordon
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2003
.
Less Than Gay: A Citizens’ Report on the Status of Homosexuality in India
.
New Delhi
:
AIDS Bhedbhav Virodhi Andolan
,
1991
.
Liang
,
Lawrence
, and
Narrain
,
Siddharth
Striving for Magic in the City of Words
” In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation vs. Union of India and Others
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Loomba
,
Ania
. “
Race and the Possibility of Comparative Critique
.”
New Literary History
40
(
2009
):
501
22
.
Lowman
,
John
. “
Violence and the Outlaw Status of (Street) Prostitution in Canada
.”
Violence against Women
6
.
9
(
2000
):
987
1011
.
Lubhéid
,
Eithne
.
Entry Denied: Controlling Sexuality at the Border
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2002
.
Lubhéid
,
Eithne
.“
Queer/Migration: An Unruly Body of Scholarship
.”
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies
14
.
2–3
(
2008
):
169
90
.
Macaulay
,
T. B.
Introductory Report upon the Indian Penal Code
.”
Internet Archive
..
Macedo
,
Donaldo
, and
Gounari
Panayota
, eds.
Globalization of Racism
.
Boulder, CO
:
Paradigm
,
2006
.
Makhija
,
Sonal
.“
Bar Dancers, Morality and the Indian Law
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
45
.
39
(
2010
):
19
23
.
Mazzarella
,
William
.“
‘A Different Kind of Flesh’: Public Obscenity, Globalization, and the Mumbai Dance Bar Ban
.”
Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago
,
2014
. .
Mbembe
,
Achille
.“
Necropolitics
.”Translated by
Meintjes
Libby
.
Public Culture
15
.
1
(
2003
):
11
40
.
Mehta
,
Pratap Bhanu
.“
It’s about All of Us
.”In
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Mehta
,
Suketu
.
Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found
.
New York
:
Random House
,
2004
.
Mendras
,
Marie
.
Russian Politics: The Paradox of a Weak State
.
New York
,
Columbia University Press
,
2012
.
Menon
,
Nivedita
.
Recovering Subversion: Feminist Politics beyond the Law
.
Champaign
:
University of Illinois Press
,
2004
.
Menon
,
Nivedita
.“
Rights, Bodies and the Law
.”In
Gender and Politics in India
,edited by
Menon
Nivedita
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2011
.
Menon
,
Ritu
, and
Bhasin
Kamala
.
Borders and Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1998
.
Merry
,
Sally Engle
.
Colonizing Hawai’i: The Cultural Power of Law
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2000
.
Miller
,
Gale
, and
Holstein
James A.
. “
Reconsidering Social Constructionism
.”In
Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory
, edited by
Holstein
James A.
and
Miller
Gale
.
New Brunswick, NJ
:
Aldine Transaction
,
2006
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.“
Limits of the State
.”
American Political Science Review
85
.
1
(
1991
):
77
96
.
Mitchell
,
Timothy
.“
Society, Economy and State Effect
.”In
State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn
,edited by
Steinmetz
George
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Moore
,
Donald S.
,
Pandian
Anand
, and
Kosek
Jake
.
Race, Nature, and the Politics of Difference
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Mosse
,
George
.
Nationalism and Sexuality: Respectability and Abnormal Sexuality in Modern Europe
.
New York
:
Howard Fertig
,
1997
.
Nair
,
Janaki
.
Women and Law in Colonial India: A Social History
.
New Delhi
:
Kali for Women
,
1996
.
Nandy
,
Ashis
.
The Romance of the State and the Fate of Dissent in the Tropics
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2003
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.
Queer: Despised Sexuality, Law, and Social Change
.
Bangalore
:
Books for Change
,
2004
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.“
Queering Democracy
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
.“
Persecuting Difference
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
, and
Eldridge
Marcus
.
The Right That Dares to Speak Its Name: Naz Foundation v. Union of India and Others
.
Bangalore
:
Alternative Law Forum
,
2009
.
Narrain
,
Arvind
, and
Gupta
Alok
.“
Introduction
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
, edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
National Crime Records Bureau
,
Crime in India: 2011 Statistics
.
National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs
.
http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/Home.asp. Accessed October 24, 2012.
Navaro-Yashin
,
Yael
.
Faces of the State: Secularism and Public Life in Turkey
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2002
.
NCRB
.“
Crime against Women
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
..
NCRB
.“
Empowering Indian Police with IT—Origin
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
Accessed July 23, 2007. http://ncrb.nic.in/origin.htm
.
NCRB
.“
Empowering Indian Police with IT—Quality Policy
.”
Ministry of Home Affairs
.
Accessed July 23, 2007. http://ncrb.nic.in/objectives.htm
.
Nigam
,
Sanjay
.“
Disciplining and Policing the ‘Criminals by Birth,’ Part 2: The Development of a Disciplinary System, 1871–1900
.”
Indian Economic and Social History Review
21
.
3
(
1990
):
257
87
.
Oldenburg
,
Philip
.“
Face to Face with the Indian State: A Grass Roots View
.”In
Experiencing the State
,edited by
Rudolph
Lloyd I.
and
Jacobsen
John Kurt
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.
Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1999
.
Ong
,
Aihwa
.“
Making the Biopolitical Subject: Cambodian Immigrants, Refugees Medicine, and Cultural Citizenship in California
.”
Social Science Medicine
40
.
9
(
1995
):
1243
57
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.
The Construction of Communalism in Colonial North India
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
Hindus and Others: The Militant Hindu Construction
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
26
.
52
(
1991
):
2997
3009
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
In Defense of the Fragment: Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
26
.
11–12
(
1991
):
559
72
.
Pandey
,
Gyanendra
.“
The Secular State and the Limits of Dialogue
.”In
The Crisis of Secularism in India
,edited by
Needham
Anuradha Dingwaney
and
Rajan
Rajeswari Sunder
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Pandit
,
Maya
.“
Gendered Subaltern Sexuality and the State
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
,
48
.
32
(
2013
):
33
38
.
Parker
,
Kunal M.
Observations on the Historical Destruction of Separate Legal Regimes
.”In
Religion and Personal Law in Secular India: A Call to Judgment
,edited by
Larson
Gerald James
.
Bloomington
:
Indiana University Press
,
2001
.
Patel
,
Geeta
.“
Advertisements, Proprietary Heterosexuality, and Hundis: Post-colonial Finance, Nation-State Formations, and the New Idealized Family
.”
Rethinking Marxism
24
.
4
(
2012
):
516
35
.
Patel
,
Geeta
.“
On Fire: Sexuality and Its Incitements
.”In
Queering India: Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
,edited by
Vanita
Ruth
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
2001
.
Pathak
,
Neeraj
.“
The Beat(en)
.”
Sahara Time
,
October
11
(
2008
):
18
21
.
People’s Union for Civil Liberties
.“
Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community: A PUCL Report
.”
September
2003
..
Pease
,
Donald E.
The Global Homeland State: Bush’s Biopolitical Settlement
.”
boundary
230
.
3
(
2003
):
1
18
.
Peterson
,
V. Spike
.“
Political Identities/Nationalism as Heterosexism
.”
International Feminist Journal of Politics
1
.
1
(
1999
):
34
65
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Disturbing Sexuality
.”
South Atlantic Quarterly
106
.
3
(
2007
):
566
76
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
The Empire of Love: Toward a Theory of Intimacy, Genealogy, and Carnality
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Notes on Gridlock: Genealogy, Intimacy, Sexuality
.”
Public Culture
14
.
1
(
2002
):
215
38
.
Povinelli
,
Elizabeth A.
Sex Acts and Sovereignty: Race and Sexuality in the Construction of the Australian Nation
.”In
The Gender/Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy
,edited by
Lancaster
Roger N.
and
Leonardo
Michaela di
.
London
:
Routledge
,
1997
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
Another Reason: Science and the Imagination of Modern India
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Prakash
,
Gyan
.
Mumbai Fables: A History of an Enchanted City
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2010
.
Puar
,
Jasbir
.
Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2007
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.
Encountering Nationalism
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
Forging Hetero-Collectives: Obscenity Law in India
.”In
Obscenity and the Limits of Liberalism
,edited by
Glass
L.
and
Williams
C.
.
Columbus
:
Ohio State University Press
,
2011
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
Sexualizing the State: Sodomy, Civil Liberties, and the Indian Penal Code
.”In
Contesting the Nation: Gendered Violence in South Asia. Notes on the Post-colonial Present
,edited by
Chatterji
Angana P.
and
Chaudhry
Lubna Nazir
.
New Delhi
:
Zubaan
,
2012
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.“
States’ Sexualities: Theorizing Sexuality, Gender and Governance
.”In
The Sage Handbook of Feminist Theory
,edited by
Evans
Mary
et al
.
Los Angeles
:
Sage
.
Puri
,
Jyoti
.
Woman, Body, Desire in Post-Colonial India: Narratives of Gender and Sexuality
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1999
.
Radhakrishna
,
Meena
.
Dishonored by History: Criminal Tribes and British Colonial Policy
.
New Delhi
:
Orient Longman
,
2001
.
Rajan
,
Rajeswari Sunder
.
The Scandal of the State: Women, Law, and Citizenship in Post-colonial India
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2003
.
Ramachandran
,
Sujata
.“
‘Operation Pushback’: Sangh Parivar, State, Slums, and Surreptitious Bangladeshis in New Delhi
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
38
.
7
(
2003
):
637
47
.
Rancière
,
Jacques
.
Dis-Agreement: Politics and Philosophy
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2004
.
Rhodes
,
Tim
,
Simic
Milena
,
Baros
Stadjana
,
Platt
Lucy
, and
Zikic
Bojan
.“
Police Violence and Sexual Risk among Female and Transvestite Sex Workers in Serbia: Qualitative Study
.”
British Medical Journal
337
(
2008
).
Online
.
Richardson
,
Diane
.“
Constructing Sexual Citizenship: Theorizing Sexual Rights
.”
Critical Social Policy
20
.
1
(
2000
):
105
35
.
Richardson
,
Diane
.“
Desiring Sameness? The Rise of a Neoliberal Politics of Normalisation
.”
Antipode
37
.
3
(
2005
):
515
35
.
Robinson
,
Neil
.
Russia: A State of Uncertainty
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2002
.
Rose
,
Jacqueline
.
States of Fantasy
.
Oxford
:
Clarendon Press
,
1996
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.“
Governing by Numbers: Figuring Out Democracy
.”
Accounting, Organizations and Society
16
.
7
(
1991
):
673
92
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
The Politics of Life Itself: Biomedicine, Power, and Subjectivity in the Twenty-first Century
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
2006
.
Rose
,
Nikolas
.
Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
,
1999
.
Rudolph
,
Lloyd I.
, and
Jacobson
John Kurt
, eds.
Experiencing the State
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
,
2006
.
SAHRDC
.“
Armed Forces Special Powers Act: A Study in National Security Tyranny
.”
South Asia Human Rights Documentation Centre
..
Sanders
,
Teela
.“
The Risks of Street Prostitution: Punters, Police, and Protestors
.”
Urban Studies
41
.
9
(
2004
):
1703
17
.
Sarkar
,
Tanika
.“
Ethnic Cleansing in Gujarat: An Analysis of a Few Aspects
.”
Akhbar
,
July
2002
..
Sarkar
,
Tanika
.“
Semiotics of Terror: Muslim Children and Women in Hindu Rashtra
.”
Mukto-mona
,
July
13
,
2002
..
Scott
,
James C.
Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed
.
New Haven
:
Yale University Press
,
1998
.
Sedgwick
,
Eve Kosofsky
.
Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
,
1985
.
Sen
,
Satadru
.
Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2000
.
Seshu
,
Geeta
.“
Bar Girls Seek Rights
.”
Boloji
,
September
6
,
2004
..
Setalvad
,
Teesta
.“
When Guardians Betray: The Role of Police in Gujarat
.”In
Gujarat: The Making of a Tragedy
,edited by
Varadarajan
Siddharth
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books India
,
2002
.
Seth
,
Vikram
.“
To the Government of India, Members of the Judiciary, and all citizens
.”
Online
. .
Shah
,
Nayan
.
Contagious Divides: Epidemics and Race in San Francisco’s Chinatown
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2001
.
Shah
,
Nayan
.“
Policing Privacy, Migrants, and the Limits of Freedom
.”
Social Text
23
.
3–4
(
2005
):
275
.
Shah
,
Nayan
.
Stranger Intimacy: Contesting Race, Sexuality, and the Law in the North American West
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2011
.
Shahani
,
Parmesh
.
Gay Bombay: Globalization, Love and (Be)longing in Contemporary India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
2008
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
.“
Crossbreeding Institutions, Breeding Struggle: Women’s Employment, Neoliberal Governmentality, and State (Re)Formation in India
.”
Cultural Anthropology
21
.
1
(
2006
):
60
95
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
.
Logics of Empowerment: Development, Gender, Governance in Neoliberal India
.
Minneapolis
:
University of Minnesota Press
,
2008
.
Sharma
,
Aradhana
, and
Gupta
Akhil
.“
Introduction: Rethinking Theories of the State in an Age of Globalization
.”In
The Anthropology of the State: A Reader
,edited by
Sharma
Aradhana
and
Gupta
Akhil
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell Publishing
,
2006
.
Jael
Silliman
, and
Bhatacharjee
Anaya
, eds.
Policing the National Body: Race, Gender, and Criminalization
.
Boston
:
South End Press
,
2002
.
Singh
,
Navsharan
, and
Butalia
Urvashi
.“
Challenging Impunity on Sexual Violence in South Asia: Beginning a Discussion
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
47
.
28
(
2012
):
58
63
.
Singha
,
Radhika
.
A Despotism of Law: Crime and Criminal Justice in Colonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2001
.
Skuy
,
David
.“
Macaulay and the Indian Penal Code of 1862: The Myth of the Inherent Superiority and Modernity of the English Legal System Compared to India’s Legal System in the Nineteenth Century
.”
Modern Asian Studies
32
.
3
(
1998
):
513
57
.
Smith
,
Richard Saumarez
.“
Rule-by-Records and Rule-by-Reports: Complementary Aspects of the British Imperial Rule of Law
.”
Contributions to Indian Sociology
19
.
1
(
1985
):
153
76
.
SNDT-FAOW
.“
After the Ban: Women Working in Dance Bars
.”
Study conducted by Research Centre for Women’s Studies, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, and Forum against Oppression of Women, Mumbai
,
December
2006
.
SNDT-FAOW
.“
Backgrounds and Working Conditions of Women Working as Dancers in Dance Bars
.”
Study conducted by Research Centre for Women’s Studies, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, and Forum against Oppression of Women, Mumbai
,
2005
.
Spector
,
Malcolm
, and
Kitsuse
John I.
.
Constructing Social Problems
.
Piscataway, NJ
:
Transaction
,
2000
.
Spivak
,
Gayatri Chakravorty
.
A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Harvard University Press
,
1999
.
Steinmetz
,
George
, ed.
State/Culture: State Formation after the Cultural Turn
.
Ithaca
:
Cornell University Press
,
1999
.
Stevens
,
Jacqueline
.
Reproducing the State
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
,
1999
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.“
Affective States
.”In
A Companion to Anthropology of Politics
,edited by
Nugent
David
and
Vincent
Joan
.
Malden, MA
:
Blackwell
,
2004
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.
Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2002
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
, ed.
Haunted by Empire: Geographies of Intimacy in North American History
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
2006
.
Stoler
,
Ann Laura
.
Race and the Education of Desire
.
Durham
:
Duke University Press
,
1995
.
Subramanian
,
K. S.
Police and Politics in India
.”
Economic and Political Weekly
40
.
27
(
2005
):
2915
16
.
Subramanian
,
K. S.
Political Violence and the Police in India
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
2007
.
Sundar
,
Nandini
.“
The Rule of Law and the Rule of Property: Law-Struggles and the Neo-liberal State in India
.”In
The State in India after Liberalization
,edited by
Gupta
Akhil
and
Sivaramakrishnan
K.
.
London
:
Routledge
,
2011
.
Sunder Rajan
,
Rajeswari
.
Scandal of the State: Women, Law, and Citizenship in Postcolonial India
.
New Delhi
:
Permanent Black
,
2003
.
Tarlo
,
Emma
.
Unsettling Memories: Narratives of the Emergency in Delhi
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
2003
.
Taussig
,
Michael
.
The Nervous System
.
New York
:
Routledge
,
1992
.
Thangarajah
,
Priyadarshini
, and
Arasu
Ponni
.“
Queer Women and the Law in India
.”In
Law Like Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
,edited by
Narrain
Arvind
and
Gupta
Alok
.
New Delhi
:
Yoda Press
,
2011
.
Uberoi
,
Patricia
.“
Introduction: Problematising Social Reform, Engaging Sexuality, Interrogating the State
.”In
Social Reform, Sexuality and the State
,edited by
Uberoi
Patricia
.
New Delhi
:
Sage
,
1996
.
Upadhyay
,
Videh
.
Public Interest Litigation in India: Concepts, Cases, and Concerns
.
London
:
LexisNexis
,
2007
.
Varadarajan
,
Siddarth
.
Gujarat: The Making of a Tragedy
.
New Delhi
:
Penguin Books India
,
2002
.
Verma
,
Arvind
.
The Indian Police: A Critical Evaluation
.
New Delhi
:
Regency
,
2011
.
Voices against 377
.“
Rights for All: Ending Discrimination against Queer Desire under Section 377
.”
Online
. .
Watts
,
Charlotte
, and
Zimmerman
Cathy
.“
Violence against Women: Global Scope and Magnitude
.”
Lancet
359
(
2002
):
1232
37
.
Weber
,
Max
.
Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology
.
Vols. 1 and 2
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
,
1978
.
Weiner
,
Myron
.“
India’s Minorities: Who Are They? What Do They Want?
”In
State and Politics in India
,edited by
Chatterjee
Partha
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
1997
.
Weston
,
Kath
.“
A Political Ecology of ‘Unnatural Offences.’
GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies
14
.
2–3
(
2008
):
217
37
.
Wilkinson
,
Steven I.
Introduction
.”In
Religious Politics and Communal Violence
,edited by
Wilkinson
Steven I.
.
New Delhi
:
Oxford University Press
,
2005
.
Wittig
,
Monique
.
The Straight Mind and Other Essays
.
Boston
:
Beacon Press
,
1992
.
Yang
,
Anand
, ed.
Crime and Criminality in British India
.
Tucson
:
University of Arizona Press
,
1985
.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal