This article examines differences in the way that innovative variants for six vocalic changes in New York City English—fronting of too, raising of price and face, and lowering of bad, thought, and dress—co-occur across speakers and explores social correlates of these patterns of covariation. It reports on an analysis of a recently developed corpus of conversational speech from 140 speakers, which suggests that patterns of covariation across speakers are conditioned by the local social embedding of the changes. Changes affecting highly localized realizations for raised bad and thought are distributed differently from supralocal changes affecting too and dress.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.