The usage of the term male chauvinist, commonly thought to have arisen in the late 1960s, is tracked in the New York Times from 1851 to 1999 using the Pro-Quest Historical Newspapers online archive, along withfeminist, another revivified word, and the new coinagessexist and sexual harassment. Male chauvinist reveals the characteristic pattern of a vogue word in its relatively swift rise and slower decline, while the other words, once introduced or reintroduced, have a more sustained trajectory. A comparison through survey research of male chauvinist with sexist reveals greater cross-class and cross-race usage of male chauvinist.
MALE CHAUVINIST, FEMINIST, SEXIST, AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT: DIFFERENT TRAJECTORIES IN FEMINIST LINGUISTIC INNOVATION
JANE MANSBRIDGE, KATHERINE FLASTER; MALE CHAUVINIST, FEMINIST, SEXIST, AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT: DIFFERENT TRAJECTORIES IN FEMINIST LINGUISTIC INNOVATION. American Speech 1 August 2005; 80 (3): 256–279. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-80-3-256
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