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Journal Article
American Literature (2013) 85 (3): 531–561.
Published: 01 September 2013
...Adrienne Brown Brown’s essay explores how black modernists W. E. B. DuBois and Wallace Thurman used the skyscraper’s abstracted view of the masses to envision raced models of democracy and difference. As urban identity in the 1920s became increasingly associated with ethnic identity, writers used...
Journal Article
American Literature (2017) 89 (3): 439–462.
Published: 01 September 2017
...Sue Shon Abstract Since its inception, the skyscraper has served as an icon of American innovation, modernity, and freedom. Upholding this image has erased the racial thinking and racist practices foundational to this born-and-bred American architectural form. This essay restores the import of race...
Journal Article
American Literature (2007) 79 (3): 527–551.
Published: 01 September 2007
...- duce either joy or art. Yet when Sandburg returns to thinking architec- turally, this time not of Gothic churches but of their twentieth-century equivalents—skyscrapers—his adaptation of Ruskin and Morris to an American context raises questions about his attitude toward the craftsman ideal...
Journal Article
American Literature (2004) 76 (2): 275–306.
Published: 01 June 2004
...-age me- tropolis—from glittering department stores to netherworldly factories and impersonal cafeterias. Others appropriated (and were appropri- ated by) the iconic objects—billboard, skyscraper, subway, hotel— that were emerging as the common cultural currency of urban Amer- ican modernity...
Journal Article
American Literature (2019) 91 (1): 209–212.
Published: 01 March 2019
... spent in lockdown. Immigrants’ arrival narratives so center on collective amazement at skyscrapers they never reference Ellis Island or the Statue, even when James Weldon Johnson invokes a “Sphinxlike enchantress guarding the entrance to the world of wealth and opportunity” (60). Lindner grants...
Journal Article
American Literature (2013) 85 (4): 845–862.
Published: 01 December 2013
... in Nineteenth- Century American Literary Nationalism, 591–93. Brown, Adrienne. “The Black Skyscraper,” 531–61. Carey, Craig. “<A> and <B>: Marks, Maps, Media, and the Materiality of Ambrose Bierce’s Style,” 629–60. Chun, Wendy H. K., Tara McPherson, and Patrick Jagoda. “Preface: New Media...
Journal Article
American Literature (2012) 84 (1): 89–117.
Published: 01 March 2012
... the journal’s legacy was behind the transatlan- tic Broom (1921–24): Matthew Josephson, Harold Loeb, and others proposed their own brash art of “the skyscrapers, of the movies, of the streets” as a corrective to the “Russian-­realism, American soil spirit” of the artists connected...
Journal Article
American Literature (2010) 82 (2): 389–419.
Published: 01 June 2010
... be most aptly described by what David Nye has called a discourse of the “technological sublime.”45 Tom is constantly pondering over the mechanical mysteries of this new land: escalators, vending machines, skyscrapers, bridges, and on and on: The first thing that had impressed him on his second...
Journal Article
American Literature (2018) 90 (1): 187–195.
Published: 01 March 2018
... collapse of the World Trade Center on 9/11. As the idea of endless westward expansion collapsed in 1890, Mackay argues, “narrative attention turned toward the verticality of skyscrapers, aviation, drilling, and mining.” After 9/11, representations of the vertical were associated with anxiety and trauma...
Journal Article
American Literature (2006) 78 (1): 169–178.
Published: 01 March 2006
... of New Jersey called on Baraka to resign from his position as New Jersey Poet Laureate because of the content of his poem ‘‘Somebody Blew Up America ‘‘Actually Madhubuti writes, ‘‘being a complete art- ist in a place that worships skyscrapers, money, war, misconceived thought and hummer2 over...
Journal Article
American Literature (2004) 76 (4): 807–831.
Published: 01 December 2004
... in his mental equipment would apply to the actual man 2 That William James and Norris would use the same metaphors of immeasurability—inverted skyscrapers, unplumbable depths, vast oceans—to describe a corporate millionaire and his reputation is not American Literature, Volume 76, Number 4...
Journal Article
American Literature (2023) 95 (1): 123–134.
Published: 01 March 2023
... as determinative to the production of (racialized) modern subjectivity. Thus, distinctively urban architecture, from the skyscraper to the airshaft, became a dominant, often organizing theme in American modernist cultural production. When Bigger Thomas is on the run in Native Son , for example, he scales...
Journal Article
American Literature (2002) 74 (3): 539–569.
Published: 01 September 2002
... of seeing com- prise a revisionary subjectivity that corrects Maude Blessingborne’s alienation, as the poet records his vision of a public object—a set of ele- vator doors with red and white lights—from a public (and presumably occupied) space—a skyscraper lobby. The poet’s perspectival posi- tion thus...
Journal Article
American Literature (2020) 92 (4): 653–680.
Published: 01 December 2020
... interpretations of the early twentieth-century skyscraper. 8 McGruder ( 2015 : 214) suggests that about 2 percent of 1920s Harlem residential real estate was Black owned. 9 The Crash of 1929, which wiped out much of Harlem’s Black-owned real estate wealth, would scale back this largely class...
Journal Article
American Literature (2020) 92 (4): 767–779.
Published: 01 December 2020
... relegated to a second language and freedoms curtailed. In 2016, Artists Sampson Wong and Jason Lam created the installation project “Countdown Machine” as a giant digital clock projected onto the International Commercial Centre building in West Kowloon, Hong Kong’s tallest skyscraper. 1 Such protest art...
Journal Article
American Literature (2022) 94 (3): 527–549.
Published: 01 September 2022
...-plural narrator, employing the same personification as Naylor’s, proclaims, “We were among the very first skyscrapers. No one ever mentions that kinda thing when we’re discussed” (Drain 2020a : 257). As the epilogue goes on, the identity of this “we” becomes blurred. In one instance, it is characterized...
Journal Article
American Literature (2003) 75 (3): 545–569.
Published: 01 September 2003
.... As jazz music plays, the opening credits appear against a background of skyscrapers. A pro- ducer’s note follows: ‘‘This is a story of Chicago—and the Negro it claims.39 The subsequent story adheres to the same basic outline...
Journal Article
American Literature (2007) 79 (4): 701–724.
Published: 01 December 2007
... Vanderbilt as “charming and gracious as always; her house on Fifth Ave- nue was the perfection of taste, yet in my fancy it seemed to be resist- ing something. It was like a citadel of another age. The ever-encroaching skyscrapers around it, the nearby Radio City were an advancing army...
Journal Article
American Literature (2024) 96 (1): 57–83.
Published: 01 March 2024
..., Camorrists [mafia members], sweatshop workers, and negroes!’ he crie[s], a hysterical note in his voice. ‘Are there no Americans in an American city?’” (Rolt-Wheeler 1911 : 353). Hamilton is reassured by the vision of the skyscrapers with the unsupported assumption that those building them must be (white...
Journal Article
American Literature (2021) 93 (3): 497–523.
Published: 01 September 2021
... Zuckerberg Health Plan? ” NPR Goats and Soda , September 23 . www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/09/23/495184078/whats-the-prognosis-for-mark-zuckerbergs-3-billion-health-plan . Brown Adrienne . 2017 . The Black Skyscraper: Architecture and the Perception of Race . Baltimore : Johns...