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Journal Article
Agricultural History (2008) 82 (2): 193–219.
Published: 01 April 2008
...Carmen V. Harris Abstract This article is an institutional history of the development of race policy within the federal Cooperative Extension Service. It demonstrates that the popular belief in African-American inferiority and pragmatic political compromises aimed at creating a bureaucracy serving...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2010) 84 (4): 506–530.
Published: 01 October 2010
...ANGELA FIRKUS Abstract Congress created the Agricultural Extension Service (AES) in 1914 to disseminate agricultural research to individual farmers but the service operated differently in each state. In California, AES aided agribusiness in its efforts to create a "harmonious hierarchy...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2009) 83 (2): 260–262.
Published: 01 April 2009
... Americans, the Extension Service, and Rural Reform in Jim Crow Texas . Debra Reid . ...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2015) 89 (4): 536–558.
Published: 01 October 2015
... of practicing agriculture in a marginal environment and their ability to succeed in the face of periodic, intense, drought. An extension of older weather modification theories—such as rain follows the plow—rainmaking facilitated hope and empowered believers. Doubters, meanwhile, participated under the guise...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2016) 90 (3): 356–378.
Published: 01 July 2016
...Douglas Sheflin Abstract This article highlights Colorado Cooperative Extension Service (CCES) employee A. J. Hamman to demonstrate how Extension employees began acting as intermediaries between farmers and the federal government in the face of the Great Depression and Dust Bowl. The dual crises...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2006) 80 (2): 190–219.
Published: 01 April 2006
...Scott J. Peters Abstract Historians have portrayed the formative period of agricultural extension work in the United States as a search for the best method of convincing farmers to change their farming practices in order to improve agricultural efficiency, productivity, and profitability. However...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2009) 83 (4): 503–527.
Published: 01 October 2009
... multiple obstacles. Extensive reading (whether books, farm journals, or newspapers) was limited to those who had access to publications and could make time to read. The South Dakota Free Library Commission was valuable in circulating reading materials to the state’s rural population. In the 1930s...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2019) 93 (3): 437–451.
Published: 01 July 2019
...Chrissy Lutz; Dawn Herd-Clark Abstract Social interactions among African American women in Georgia’s Black Belt during the years between the world wars helped those women to improve their lives. Fort Valley State College and the Extension Service of the United States Department of Agriculture...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2003) 77 (2): 258–292.
Published: 01 April 2003
... for landowners regardless of race, including state and federal programs that favored commercial and agribusiness interests. In addition to economic challenges African American farmers had to negotiate racism in the Jim Crow South. The Texas Agricultural Extension Service, the state branch of the USDA’s Extension...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2004) 78 (2): 201–221.
Published: 01 April 2004
... the long period of extensive ranching were ineffective. As a result, by the twentieth century much of the grasslands were turned into brushland due to overgrazing, the disuse of fires to suppress weeds and useless shrubs, soil compaction, and soil and wind erosion. Hispanic farmers and ranchers had...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2020) 94 (2): 176–204.
Published: 01 April 2020
..., led to very different outcomes among mobile pastoralists. This article uses extensive archival research as well as paleoclimatological data to map nineteenth-century climate change and to illuminate its impact around the Mediterranean, through case studies in Provence, northern Algeria, and southern...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2013) 87 (3): 391–415.
Published: 01 July 2013
..., it is poorly understood in the context of early agricultural California. Based on a systematic analysis of the diaries of one California farmer, this essay explores the everyday, local exchange practices of ordinary farmers, especially among neighbors. It finds farmers relying on one another extensively...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2014) 88 (4): 470–490.
Published: 01 October 2014
...Anna Thompson Hajdik Abstract This essay examines the introduction of the Borden Company's brand mascot “Elsie the Borden Cow” at the 1939 World's Fair. Through an extensive visual analysis of Borden's fair time publicity stills and advertisements, it argues that the creatively conceived “spokes...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2014) 88 (4): 517–537.
Published: 01 October 2014
...Cameron L. Saffell Abstract This article continues a series about material culture studies and analysis in agricultural history research. Farm implements and machinery collections, even without extensive documentation of their farmer-owners, are wealthy sources of information that bring tangible...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2022) 96 (1-2): 187–221.
Published: 01 May 2022
... defects, the importation of new breeds, changing standards in relation to husbandry, and the extension of quantitative genetic breeding practices. These innovations would be echoed across Europe in the production of beef cattle and would also interact with the way dairy cattle were bred. This article...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2021) 95 (2): 362–370.
Published: 01 April 2021
...David E. Hamilton Abstract Much of the large literature on New Deal farm policies contends that throughout the 1930s and 1940s agrarian and urban liberals battled a conservative agricultural establishment and its allies in the Department of Agriculture’s Extension Service and in Congress over...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2018) 92 (3): 296–327.
Published: 01 July 2018
..., this article challenges standard narratives by highlighting extensive electrification efforts undertaken earlier by power companies and land–grant universities. While many urban utility executives viewed the rural power market with disdain, others formed an undercurrent movement that—even in an agricultural...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2012) 86 (3): 77–103.
Published: 01 July 2012
.... This paper reviews the commission's findings and recommendations to argue that its gender assumptions had specific outcomes for rural women. On the one hand, they influenced the gendered structure of the nationalized farm extension program established in 1914. On the other, they provoked a reaction...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2013) 87 (4): 525–533.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Alan I Marcus Abstract The recent upsurge in agricultural college enrollments has prompted observers to celebrate the rejuvenation of those institutions and, by extension, rural life. A closer examination suggests otherwise. Rather than engage in traditional agricultural pursuits, agricultural...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2009) 83 (2): 221–246.
Published: 01 April 2009
...JOSHUA D. MACFADYEN Abstract A new thirst for paint and color in cities made extensive flax production profitable in the northern Great Plains and Prairies and contributed to the cultivation of the most fragile grassland ecosystems. The production of flax seed for linseed oil became an early spin...