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ammonia

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Journal Article
Agricultural History (2016) 90 (1): 70–93.
Published: 01 January 2016
... of Oil ( New York : american Petroleum institute , 1929 ), 321 . 19. Spitz , Petrochemicals , 82 – 89 ; Forbes and O'Beirne , Technical Development , 515 – 16 ; Beaton , Enterprise in Oil , 522 – 23 ; Daniel Pyzel. Producing Ammonia. US Patent 1,849,357, filed Sept. 26...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2000) 74 (2): 433–450.
Published: 01 April 2000
... as Affected by Organic Residues and Fertilizers," The State College of Wash¬ ington, Bulletin No. 476 , 1946 . 12 McGregor, Counting Sheep, 344. 13 James L. Snyder , Jr. and John A. Burnett, Jr., " Manufacturing Processes for Ammonia ," in Agricultural Anhydrous Ammonia; Technology...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2001) 75 (4): 535–536.
Published: 01 October 2001
... to their lives or research. Rather, Smil's book?which follows on the heels of several other works on the global supply and demand for agricultural energy sources?is erected around the indubitable argument that had the artificial synthesis of ammonia gone unexploited "about two-fifths of the world's population...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2001) 75 (4): 533–535.
Published: 01 October 2001
... sources?is erected around the indubitable argument that had the artificial synthesis of ammonia gone unexploited "about two-fifths of the world's population would not be around" (xv). Smil opens and closes his book with detailed observations on the recent and continuing explosion in human population...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2016) 90 (2): 209–229.
Published: 01 April 2016
... ). Ammonia was also a byproduct in coke production, but it was not a large enough source of fixed nitrogen to meet all of the nation's needs. 10. Daniel Schaffer , “War Mobilization in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, 1917–1918,” Alabama Review 39 ( Jan. 1986 ): 114 – 15 . 11. Samuel P. Hays...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2023) 97 (2): 319–323.
Published: 01 May 2023
... parallel developments with ammonia fertilizer. Romero provides a succinct history of industrial nitrogen fixation and the Haber-Bosch process, a history that feeds into Shell's patented technology for delivering fertilizer via irrigation water and, subsequently, directly into the subsoil through...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2009) 83 (1): 130–131.
Published: 01 January 2009
... livestock breeds, themechani zation and electrification of farmproduction methods, and the integration of petroleum-based herbicides and pesticides along with the use of anhydrous ammonia fertilizer constituted a production revolution with social, political, and environmental consequences. Danbom addresses...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2005) 79 (3): 383–384.
Published: 01 July 2005
... Smil. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004. 360 pp., $19.95, paperback, ISBN 0-262-69313-5. What is the most important technological invention in the twentieth century? Vaclav Smil makes the cogent argument that it is the discovery and industrial? ization of ammonia synthesis by Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2005) 79 (3): 381–383.
Published: 01 July 2005
... that it is the discovery and industrial? ization of ammonia synthesis by Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch. Without indus? trial N-fixation, as much as two-fifths of the world's population would starve for want of available protein in their diet, and major advances in high-pressure industrial processes would have been delayed...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2014) 88 (1): 68–86.
Published: 01 January 2014
... industrial chemistry, began mass production of ammonia in 1914, it created its own agricultural experiment station the Limburgerhof to bolster its farming expertise. Trade organizations maintained academic journals, funded research projects, and happily supplied scientists and advisors with fertilizer...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2001) 75 (4): 395–405.
Published: 01 October 2001
... on perennial grains that do not require anhydrous ammonia, pesticides, and herbicides, thereby creating a new agriculture that 2. WesJackson,Manand theEnvironmen(tDubuque,Iowa:W.C. BrownCo., 1971);Wendell Berry,A ContinuousHarmony:Essays Culturaland Agricultural(New York:HarcourtBrace Jovanovich,1972...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2023) 97 (1): 48–83.
Published: 01 February 2023
...-up fertilizer production at the two Muscle Shoals nitrate processing plants—one using the Haber-Bosch process that “fixed” nitrogen and hydrogen to produce ammonia and the other using the older cyanamide process of nitrogen production. The Haber-Bosch facility alone had capacity to produce 110,000...
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Journal Article
Agricultural History (2020) 94 (1): 61–83.
Published: 01 January 2020
... Experiment Station, Feb 8., 1897): 63-64. The price of cottonseed meal was volatile in the early 1920s as high wartime prices gave way to an agricultural depression. Fish scrap prices from that era are given in terms of units of ammonia, which requires extrapolating from Tufts’s figure of one-half ton to one...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2005) 79 (4): 412–438.
Published: 01 October 2005
... guarding, field sanitation, and the handling of anhydrous ammonia. In 1976 Morton Corn, OSHA's assistant secretary, noted that "very few of OSHA's inspections have been on agricultural sites." He emphasized that "in 1975, OSHA conducted only 1,117 such inspections [in agricultural settings] out of a total...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2014) 88 (1): 3–17.
Published: 01 January 2014
..., and farmers who stored anhydrous ammonia without protection against theft unknowingly facilitated production. The prevalence of low wage jobs in rural communities also made manufacturing and selling meth seem attractive. A ProQuest search of the historic New York Times database found an astounding 923...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2005) 79 (2): 147–172.
Published: 01 April 2005
... in the Merchant Shipping Act 1867 consisted of the above plus equal part tincture of opium. Another version, Steer's opodeldoc, specified Castile soap, camphor, oils of marjoram and rosemary, rectified spirit, and solution of ammonia. Barry M. Gough, ed., The Journal of Alexander Henry the Younger 1799-1814...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2013) 87 (2): 201–223.
Published: 01 April 2013
..., httpagricoop.nic.in/seedsact.htm (accessed July 25, 2012). 31. M. L. Jackson and S. C. Chang, Anhydrous Ammonia Retention by Soils as Influenced by Depth of Application, Soil Texture, Moisture Content, pH Value, and Tilth, Journal of American Society of Agronomy 39 (July 1947): 623 33; D. Rhind and U. Tin, Results...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2015) 89 (4): 536–558.
Published: 01 October 2015
..., a Topekan who had previously worked as a railroad dispatcher in Goodland. He subscribed to the Melbourne method, his recipe reportedly consisting of metallic sodium, ammonia, black oxide 548 2015 On the Edge of the Possible of manganese, caustic potash, and aluminum. After combining the chemicals, however...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2003) 77 (3): 391–419.
Published: 01 July 2003
..., but, as one writer put it, "The bitter water stinks in summertime thanks to rotting algae and fish. And desert gales sometimes stir currents that dredge up pockets of hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, a toxic brew that can kill fish by the ton." Millions of barnacle shells littered the shores, over 200,000 birds...
Journal Article
Agricultural History (2009) 83 (3): 283–322.
Published: 01 July 2009
..., henMaya began usingsyntheticfertilizerregularlyin the 1960s,the priceswere low.Even as late as 1971,the cost of syntheticfertilizerwas fiftydollars a ton. Since it takes somewhere betweena halfand three-fourthosf a ton of oil to make the ammonia needed to produceone tonofsynthetifcertilizert,heoil...