Courtney Campbell's Region out of Place offers an engaging examination of the construction of regional identity in Brazil's Northeast that looks beyond the nation and the usual subjects of such accounts. From intellectual networks to World Cup football matches, Region out of Place shows that northeasterners looked to the world to cultivate a sense of belonging and identity while hedging against the inferior place assigned to them within Brazil's cast of regions, especially vis-à-vis economically ascendent São Paulo. In so doing, Campbell innovates relative to what is now a highly developed and mature historiography on regionalism in Brazil that has hitherto largely restricted itself within the nation's borders.

Campbell achieves this by including new actors alongside fresh appraisals of more familiar faces across seven thematic and loosely chronological chapters. Intellectuals like Gilberto Freyre still figure prominently (chapter 2), for instance, but the focus shifts to the international circuits of fellow...

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