In the 1920s, Canadian farmers created the world’s most successful large-scale wheat marketing organization, or wheat “pool.” In doing so, they built upon two decades of interprovincial and national cooperative endeavors, providing the pool movement a firm foundation. During the decade, the Canadians spearheaded an effort to bring about a transnational pooling program, especially among wheat producers in the United States, Australia, and the Soviet Union. Representatives from these countries recognized the Canadian pool as the ideal model and worked closely with their counterparts there. As the international wheat pool movement took shape, however, the Great Depression intervened, shattering hopes for the creation of a transnational cooperative network in wheat marketing.

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