Along with clean air and drinkable water, abundant natural resources are the foundation of a healthy society and a sound and sustainable development. As one of the six major Great Lakes ecosystems, coastal wetlands and their health is fundamentally important to assure the biological diversity of the Great Lakes basin (Edsall, 1998). Coastal wetlands are not only important habitats for diverse plant and animal communities, they also provide coastal protection, water purification and perform other essential functions with direct and indirect human benefits. In spite of their benefits, anthropogenic activities have had a profound impact on these ecosystems. Coastal areas around the Great Lakes became focal points for human settlement, industry and recreation, and therefore due to their proximity, coastal wetlands have felt the stress from these impacts. Coastal wetlands have been one of the most impacted of all Great Lakes ecosystems. Maintaining their...

You do not currently have access to this content.