Decadal variations (2000–2013) in the macrobenthic community of the southern Yellow Sea were investigated based on the analysis of the community at two stations located basically along the 70 m depth contour. Significant decadal variations in community structure were found through cluster analysis, nMDS ordination and one-way ANOSIM. SIMPER analysis showed that the decadal community variations could be roughly attributed to the decrease of two species of Mollusks (Thyasira tokunagai and Nucula tenuis) and the increase of one echinoderm (Ophiura sarsii vadicola), one polychaete (Notomastus latericeus) and one bivalve (Portlandia japonica) at both stations. Redundancy analysis showed that the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the Southern Oscillation Index were significant climate indices influencing the macrobenthic community structure in the southern Yellow Sea. Most of the species collected in 2000s showed a positive correlation with Pacific Decadal Oscillation at both stations, especially for cold water species Thyasira tokunagai, while most species in 2010s were positively correlated to Southern Oscillation Index, e.g. Portlandia japonica and Notomastus latericeus at station 1 and Sigambra bassi and Aricidea fragilis at station 2.

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